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JJenmrm's 2trt Journal 


Vol. l.-No. 1. 


Terra*: 75 On 

■ pleasure imparted ; 

■ h.'urrvl ' 

i' depths Hi' the n 

,■ liritlile.-l: 

e trophies of nrt 

They'll wnke tic response in ihe heart 

That 1 

me hour of dejection, 
alace to prove 
strength of affection. 

rhepvarfolhRt are brought fnm 
t givt- me the letter- Hint \wike 

Ilow Steel Pens are Made. 

is bul b few minutes' walk toGH- 

.■n Manufacto 

said ■ 


j g*ls>* 

'and perhaps we cannot spend the after- 
noon in. ire pleasantly than by visiting this 
mammoth curiosity of art.' As we all use 
steel pens every day, we felt great curiosity 
tn know bow this nice little instrument is 
made; so we readily accepted the propo- 
sition of iiur teacher, and in half an 
we were within the beautifully green and 
shaded grounds of the establishment. A 
substantial and handsome building stood 
before us, in which the business is carried 
on, and which we presently entered. 

" We are given at once in charge of an 
intelligent guide, who, having pointed out 
the manner in which the metal— a fine 
steel— is rolled to the required thinness in 
a rolling mill, C luctS US Up stairs, where 

we ore ushered into a long gallery, clean, 

lofty and airy, furnished wirb long rows of 

presses, each one in charge of young per 
sons, as pleasant looking, healthy and 
happy as we could wish them to be. They 
are all making pens, and we must Bee what 
they are about. 

"Tbefiret to whom we are introduced 
has along ribbon of the rolled metal in 

her left hand, from which she is cutting 

■blanks'— each of which is to become a 

pen — at the rate of twenty to thirty thou- 
sand a day. The ribb f metal is some- 

than three inches j n width. 
Having cut as many pens from one side of 
it as the whole length— about six feet- 
will furnish, she turns it over, and cuts her 

way back again ; so managing it thai the 
points of the pens cui in going do^ n the 
le -hall fall into the interstices 
between the points cut in traversing the 
lii -i side. By tins means nearly the whole 

of the metal is cut into pens, and but a 

very insignificant remnant is left. The 
next operator receives these tlat blanks. 
and, subjecting each one separately to a 
similar press, armed with a different cut- 
ting implement, pierces the central hole 

and cuts the l\ui -ide slits. 

"The pens are at j el but flat pieces of 

metal, of Very bard and u 

temper. They have to be bent into cylin- 
ders and semi-cylinders; and, to induce 
them to submit to this process, they are 
now heated and considerably aoftened in 
in oven, t in emerging from the oven they 
araped with the maker's name on the 

Kirk : ami ibis is accomplished very rap- 
idly by means of a die, which the operator 
works with his foot. Now comes the most 
important transformation the pen- under 
go: another girl pops them consecutively 
into another of the onini performing 

presses, from which they come forth as 
semi cylinders; or, if they are to be Mug* 
nuffl Bonums, or of r kind perfectly cylin- 
drical, an additional pressure in another 
press finishes the barrel. 

" We have now to follow the pens down 
stairs to the mouth of a small furnace or 
oven, where a man is piling them together 
in small iron boxes with loose covers, and 
arranging them in the fire, where they are 
heated to a white heat, and then suddenly 
withdrawn, and plunged into a pun of oil. 
This ordeal renders them so extremely 
brittle that they may be crumbled between 
the lingers. They are now placed in cyl- 
inders, not unlike coffee roasters made to 
revolve over a fire; by which they are in 
a great measure freed from the oil. After 

■ Of I 

"The next process is oik aim ted 

a larger scale. The object of it is to rub 
down the roughness resulting from the 
rious treatments which the pens have 
d< rgone, and to impart a perfect smooth- 
ness to every pari of their surface. 

this purpose they are packed 'in large 

quantities in tin cans, together with a eon 

Slderable amount of sawdust; and these 
cans are made to revolve horizontally at a 
great rate, by means of steam. The pens 
triturate one another, owing to the rapid 

motion ; and the sawdust takes up the im 
purities which they disengage. They come 

forth from those cans thoroughly scoured, 

or semi-polished, and are now taken to the 
grinding room. This is a large apartment, 
where a number Of grinding wheels, or 
'bobs,' are whizzing round under the im- 
petus of Bteam , each one of them is mi 

charge of a young man or woman, and 
they emit a atream ofsparklii g fire as the 
pens are momentarilj to theii sur- 
faces Thisgrinding is p mosl Important 
process, inasmuch us the pliability of the 

pen 'i i- on its propei performance ; 

the object being to increase the flexibility 

of the metal of the pen ill a poinl just 

ab <y e he central sin, by reducing the sub 
stance. The operator seizes the pen with 
a pair of nippers not unlike a small pair of 
curling irons in shape, applies the bark of 
the pen to the wheel for one moment, and 

the affair is over. Before being gr I, 

however, most oi the pene manufactured 

tile spirit. 
ch brown 

It is tins which gives th 

1 i ii:'t si. mui'h improve-, their appear 

ance, and al the same time preserves them 

from rust. 

"After the grinding, the pens arc sub- 
jeeted for the last time to the operation of 
a press, at which a young '-'if! completes 

the manufacture of the pen by giving it 
the central slit, withoul which it would 

never he in a condition t" rival the goose 
quill. The operation of sliding, precise and 
delicate as it is. , s so simplified by the in- 
genious contrivance with which the press 
is armed, that it is performed with a ra- 
pidity almost rivaling the -imples! itera- 

tion — a single hand slitting nearly a hun- 
dred gross a day. Nothing further now 
remains to be done, save a trifling cleans- 
ing process, which frees the pens from the 
stain of the hand, after which they are 
packed in boxes, for sale. 

"It is impossible to walkthrough this 
establishment, without receiving most 
agreeable impressions. The work rooms, 
spacious, lofty, and airy, clean as a private 
parlor, and bathed in a flood of light, offer 
a remarkable contrast to the foul and un- 
wholesome dens into which it is the cus- 
tom of too many employers to cram their 
dependents. The main element regarded 
in the construction of the building has 
evidently been the health and comfort of 
the operatives. Neither have moral con 
siderations been disregarded : the females 
are. for the most part, secluded from the 
males,; and where this cannot be entirely 
effected, a constant SUpervisOn insures de- 
corum The result of these excellent ar- 
rangements is apparent in the healthy, 

cheerful aapeot and unexceptionable de 

i uea nor of i be operatives of each sex ; and 

there is no doubt thai it is equally appar- 
ent in the balance sheet of the spirited 
proprietor, who is aware that humanity is 
a cheap article, on the whole, and one that 
is pretty sure to pay in the long run. 

"Of the amount of business dbi'ie on 
these premises, we cannot give the reader 

a better idea then by stating the fid, that 

above one hundred millions of pens are 
here produced annually, which gives an 
average of between thirty and forty thou- 
sand for every working day. Olivia. 


In making up a paper adapted to the 
wants of penmen and amateurs, we have 
considered the wisdom of presenting en - 
gravi d designs and bave concluded it un- 
wise for the following reasons: 1st No 
penman, whose skill is worth) "\~ present- 
bag to the public, can have justice done 
him through engravings presented in a 
paper; all whose work has been Boex- 

hihited will acknowledge tins truth. 2d. 

Che benefit the profession receive from 

such small engravings of birds is indeed ; 
very small as all would much prefer real I 

penwork. 3d. Sueh work us has been 

presented in pc anship jourmds d<>r> n.,t 

educate penmen tO a high appreciation <■( 

the art, and often lead- to (he though! or 

remark that if that is the best lie can do 
he isn't much. Owing to this fact many 
of the best penmen will not allow them- 
selves n> be so misrepresented in news- 
paper engravings. Nothing >h I -I eel 

engraving or first i lass lithographic can do 
justice to any Of OUr best pen artist- and as 

it is impossible, withoul an unw 

expense, £0 present line engravings we 

have chosen not to attempt whal we can- 
not ace plisb. That all who may desire 

to see superior work we propose to refer 

to our advertisers. t.> such as ran produce 
it, and enable t>euiucu to pro< tire from 

each other truly artistic woi k, well « orthy 
ofimitation. Believing this plan will be 
Me- nio-1 beneficial to all, we bave chosen 

to pursue it. 

Don't write much with a pencil, you 
grip it. tightly and then do the same with 
the pen. The pen should be held very 

loosely except when making shades. 

Recollections of a Dentist's Shop. 

Mark Twain, in his new book about 
England, tells how he had the toothache 
one night in London, and gives some 
pleasing recollections of the dentist's rooms 
Which he was wont to patronize when be 
lived in Ebnira. He says: "One night 
that tooth did jump, and every time it 
jumped it raised my head right off the pil- 
low. How I did lie awake and think about 
that dentist's shop in Ebnira, where I had 
been under torture so many times — of 
those pretty dental polished 
and so cold ! How I did long to lay my 
cheek against one— one of those short, 
thick, heavy twisted chaps, with the bow- 
legged, fluted and curved bundles, and 
short bawkshill jaws! How I reveled in 
delight at the thought of having such a 
thing clutch my refractory tooth and 
'yank it!' With what pleasurable emotions 
came crowding into my mind the recollec- 
tions of that dentist and his room and its 
fixtures— his big, easy chair, with pretty 
white curtained windows before it, and the 
nice, big red ghuss spittoon to the left, with 
the hole in the bottom, and the bits of wet 
cotton and bright pieces of gold and steauis 
of blood-stained saliva on the sides. And 
then, the pretty little bureau with bottles 

■ m the lop, and the little yellow, drawers 
which he jerks out so gently when seeking 
some new and more delicate instrument 
of torture. Ah then, that beautiful little 
round, velvet covered stand mi the g&S 

fixture in front, covered with uice drills 
and pretty tiles, and the lovely little crow- 
bars with stained ivory handles, and the 
long steel crochet needles with which he 
hunts for new cavities, and the little, round 
pasteboard box full of gold plugs, and the 

duly little napkin, and the rubber ball 
syringe, and the singular smell of his 
thumb, and all that ! Ob, how nice !" 

Aim 11 1Kb. 

in overshoots bis mark; most men 

tail far short of it. Without a purpose, 

thing as accomplished. He who at- 
tempts nothing will never accomplish any- 
thing, and he who is satisfied with mciio 
crily, will never attain it. Po be able to 

occtipj eve toderate position in any 

profession, om must Btrive for the highest. 

The lowei strata of every profess are 

alwayt foil to excess, while in the upper 
there never fads to be room. When in- 
quired of as to his opinion, by a y .■ i 

who contemplated making law his profes- 
sion, hut wdio, in consequence of the misep- 
ble support received bj multitudes in the 

Iho1l--imii, w.i- .li-.nin.i_'.-. I from attempt- 
ing it, Daniel Webster replied ''Plenty of 
room up stairs" So it is everywhere, at 

alt times, in all places, and in nil occupa- 
tions plenty of room up stairs, though 
iTowde.t in siitlocation below. 

The -"u. lent win. i^ satisfied with doing 
as well as his neighbor will always be his 
inferior, The man who is content with 
presenl attainments, is sure to be an un- 
derling. Therefore, lake no as a 

model, other than with a vnw and deter- 
mination ,,f surpassing him. and even if 
you fail in the attempt, you will have bet- 
tered your condition by the effort you hate 

Of s 

ch had 

! *5ir8S 

FEisrnyEA-isr j s j^sst j~OTJtti<r-AJ^- 



-i i- jiniiiy pen- 
ilnl ■■ i 1 " ' ; ! '- li - 

B] .... pOD Bit P01 id ' 

tJon from all amateui ■ 01 adepts upon 
every branch oi the subji ct. With this 
expression of tbo wants of our patrons we 
mil i,i' enabled to treat many points that 
might ba otherwiae overlooked. While 
vhich to send 
. n , [el ji nol bo hoped that an- 
swers will be v, nil. r, mid Hi "I ned bj u 
.,,. i, v. ill con nine .ill 

the time wi c ladilj pan from chool 

duties. Howevei i d in your qu ns, 

.ml! h i ■■ <■ .<< \ i he] v, mi be an wer- 

r/: \CTHJ \i •■ ' l">- ■."/ w ia / 
n i.i i ' i 
Ii is truly n great pit) that the snj ing 
that "practice mokes perfi ct" i er i 
tered in the preai nee ol an 
num. A grentei untruth was ueverapoken, 
:, M .i evei v profis lonal ol ai knowledged 

abilit) will i mi tion Nine 

. . ..mi ■ h niii proi tlce makes 

pel red i b lull thli in 13 nol bi realiw .1 

by bundri ds w 1 Bplre to perfection or 

high skill II the] evi 1 reach that skill 

the) will look ovei thin oxpei ■ and 

acknowledge the troth of it, and Bee where- 
in they bavo wasted years in trying to ac- 
complish by prw tice what could have been 
achieved in one-fourth the time by know- 
ing b< fon hand the kej to sui ■■ Wi 
have with ua a young man 21 years of age, 
whose skill In nil branches of pen arl is 
do! ■ m pa ed bj oight persons in ibis 

c in \ . During bie oighl 1 1 hB stoj 

with us be 1 lonstontlj expressed ui 

pi 1 .■. thaj tliers was bo much in 1 be arl to 

l;. 1.. 

Ignorance ol eight m bsago .1- 1 man ol 

Ins strength remembers bis feebleness as a 
child. The great trouble is that young 
penmen do not hunt for errors as b eal 
does for n mouse, patiently for houreand 
days if noceasnrj . till the form ol 1 Blngli 

lil tii 1 1 pi-i led 111 their mind and ran he 

■!.. 1 1, ..1, ..1. .!, and w ben the leai nei has 
caught his letter and killed everj erroi 
thai has crept into it, then be has done his 
whole dut3 but not till then. Twenty 
strong blows may be struck with a sledge 
bammei and the rock remain unbroken, 
yet thenextmay break it into fragments 
—this holding on to a single purpose till 

ace pliBhed, is the only quick and sure 

way i" master our art. 'Tis the little 
things that one must know that secun 
Buccess The longer one studies upon tl 

form of a letter the less certain is lie tlmt 

ho knows every point concerning it, hut 

when bis 1 a are placed upon paper and 

in every minute detail they correspond 

with a pel El >p) then it is 

time to take up another. The for 1 let- 

■ dike in man] 1 its thai afti 1 

s irw are maati red others require less 
study. How often do ti achei ■ sei pupili 
who leave the eop) to Bcribble and bov 
rarelj do we seen pupil who stops to cross 
...ii, lines i" test theii height, 

ticing never lobe perfect tho other i> 
moving towards beautiful penmanship at 
wondroua Bpeed The eight principles of 
penmanship lie at the button 
letters, yet then an hundreds who try 
and try for months and years to mastei 

and then combine them correctly 
their writing would i>e perfect. 

There are plenty whp eoll thepiselvtai 
mastere oi penmanship wfco cannot write 
;, 1 om line with pen 01 pen* il 

■ the top of anjradi 1 
boot. To do this the mind mnst realise 
.■ ,■ ol the pen Just how mm b 
curve bow much turn, the exacl angle, 
width, Blant, bi ight, strength of line and 
ail point* that make perfection, and one 

nrfao cai 1 do It proi e* thai he i nol 

mastei oi hie art, 1 ha ie - 

i,,. bos nol forced bimsell to realize the 
importance of considering every minute 
poinl throughout ea« b letter. 

. has mastered the pi 
Q letter the letter should nol be attempted 
for ii is attempting too much foi 1 ertaln 

,,1 1 orreel principles for those who would 

. -i rapidlj can well afford to study 

the minute parts of every letter and con- 

ton gard tbem. When a fevi lettei - 

are mastered .1 sboi 1 word m 13 be foi med 
n Mi, them, but evei the most critical eyi 
urn 1 be watt lull-' to guard against errors. 
To write perfectly will always require care 
but when the habit of watehfulm 
formed it requires but little effort to keep 
11 up 'I here are so many who wi y 
depending upon practice to make perfect, 
thai we offer what has proven in our ex- 
perience an excellenl method as i( has 
accomplished such certain and speed] re- 
sults The copies and rules governing 
them as presented in both tho P D. A B. 
a Spencerian copy-books furnish excellenl 
models of form and whoever can repro- 
duce them with pen or pencil, being gov- 
erned alone by the rules, maj be said to 
ive climbed high in the art. 

The following points have been galm <l 
irough d long experience in all depart- 

i'HlM)l" Hie profi-.-inn, and while leading 

.•ntnen may regard us foolishto give them 
w * ive have determined to do our whole 
duty to our patrons and shall make this 
Budgei a Btrong feature in each number. 
In selection of paper for practice, foolscap 
goes fun her than most others [n cities 11I 
bookbinderies s large amount of misruled 
paper can often be bought for a trifle that 
will serve every purpose for practice. For 
ornamental work unruled ilai cap si rvee a 
good purpi»e — a larger, heavier Hat paper 
is called Demy and still larger Royal. Be- 
sides this a very excellent card board 
called either American Bristol or Mer- 
cantile Bristol comes Bize 22x28, at from 
8 to 16 rents per sheet, in dozen sheets, the 
prices varying as to quality and thickness. 
A 12 cents 2 ply is good for common use 
but a 16 or 16 cents 3 ply is better This 

paper is even belter than the German 

P.iim.>i whirl] seldom euine- so large. For 

very large work Whatman's drawing pa- 
per is good. The hot pressed Whatman's 

paper is the best as llie Cold pressed 

seems oily and due.- not take ink well, 
Surveyors and civil engineers everwhere 

use ;ui excellent roll papei « bicb c n 

as large as five feet wide and of an] length 
they use it for plans and ean either furnish 
r put one on track of it. This paper 
be procured either with or without a 
doth back. The practice of buying fools- 
cap 01 letter paper by the qnire 
nvi . as 11 - in be bou [1 bj tl 1 
or quarter at one-third leas. Fine effects 

Lire sometimes produced on colored paper-. 

1 in- Bi tstol board mentioned above comes 
in various colors— the rose tint or light 

green is pleasine and l<>> a change IS quite 

In framing specimens of writing a pleas- 
ed by using a dark blue 

paper as a back-gTOUnd. This can be 

procured wherever wall papei 1- sold. 
Bright gold paper ma] a bo bi 

same purposi tied at first 

_dt borders 

bought :it stationer- ..r wall |i 
arc >.oinctiiii. ■■ ■ , ; ires, &C, for 

borders of ornamental work. Tracing pa- 
per can be made by using a very thin pa 

eneand le 

per and oiling it 
tin- ii evaporate a few days, or it can be 
bought. Tracing cloth is also need but ex- 

is with much pleasure that we refer 

me who has by earnest effort won an 

iabie reputation at ■< master penman- 
3u< h ■ ■ is iv. 1 11. W Shayler, of Fort- 
land, Maine. \- a n riter be rank- among 
the best in the profi SSion, and in the exe- 
cution of artistic pen-drawing and flour- 
ishing he is among the very best His 
laiuilv record and othei published designs 
; ,n truly gems of beauty, while last, but 
nol least, Ins engraved copy slips for pen- 
lultlessly perfect 

among the men we always fefl better 

for meeting, is Prof. Piatt li. Spenw r, of 
Clevi land. Foi over 20yeare he has graced 
the profession of penmanship as one of 
its iinrsi artists and most faithful teai hers. 
I'Vw teachers over win the hearts of pupils 
mi, re thoroughly than he, and in few men/ 
are the qu dities of the warm hearted, 
courteous gentleman and faithful friend 

more perfectly combined. 

A> an ornament to the profession of 

penmanship we point with pleasun in -an 
valued frii nd J E Soule. oi Philadelphia. 

i'i..i S. 1- ■ of 1 lie most careful and ar- 
tistic penmen in the country. He loves 
the arl as only the true artist can, while as 
a courteous gentleman his equal is not in 
the profession. 

The prince Of artistic penman is Lyman 

P.Spencer, of Washington, the youngest 
son of the lamented P. R. Spencer. Al- 
though about 36 years oi age ids hfe has 
ever been one of artistic study. The*beau- 
tiful copies in the Spencerian copybooks 
were written by him, while in engrossing, 
pen-drawing and designing his work will 
rank with the finest steel plate engravers. 
The large display of his work at the Cen- 
tennial was the marvel of artists in uad oul 
ofthe profession. 

High amonggood writers stands one of 
the world's best . B M. Worthington, of 

EvanstOn, 111. In the execution of a writ- 
ten letter he stands without an equal. In 
the roundness, beauty and grace of his 
letters — in the harmony of light and shade 
and in the arrangement and faultless ease 
of his work he ranks first class. 

Across the continent, in Heald's Business 
College, San Francisco, is Prof. A. B. Capp, 
one of our most worthy penmen and earn- 
esi teachers. In plain writing Prof. Capp 
follows Prof. Worthington closely ; he is 
an ardent lover ofthe art, a courteous,true 
friend and truly an ornament to the pro- 

In the "gem city" of the west, Quiney, 
111., we find Prof. D. L. Musselman. A 
planet among the stars of the profession. 
Prof. M., although not enjoying the ad- 
vantages of many other penmen ofthe 
ca.-lern cities, ha.s risen high in artistic 

skill. Many of his gems of skill possessan 

elaborateness Of detail and brilliancy of 
execution not equalled by any penman in 
the country. His published pieces of pen- 
work, Home Sweet Home and others, are 
indeed highly artistic. 

Perhaps the best amateur penman in 
this country is F. W. Wlesehahn, of St. 
I.niiis His a |iecino ns .if plain and orna- 
mental work are commended as being the 
finest display at the Vienna Exhibition, 

and niitsidc of the Spencerian display and 
Alia- ( , ntrtininl Piece, his work was not 
equalled at our late Centennial. He is self 
taught and lias never taught. He only 

work- at the ait during his leisure hours 

just for the love of it. He is an accountant 

sale house and hi- most inti- 

■ 1- Prof Musselman. 

In the city of New York, at his office 205 

Broadway, we find Prof. Daniel L Ames, 

New I'mk'- LTeatest penman. In the 
rapid execution Of bold and elaborate pen- 

I Ii, king. r. his wiiricj oseea-et 

strengi I' andeluborateneteofinterwovei 

•rolls and design? that is truly a 
Prof Ames receives a liberal fnootoe fron 
his engrossing ami in his style of work h 
without an equal. 


There is a fascination about penmanship 
that wins to it many a devoted admirer. 
The grace and beauty seen in beautiful 
lines and curves causes many to fall in love 
With the art. With some this lo\ e il I " 
hved, while with others an unce ising de- 
votion that prompts a constant effort till 
the Queen of Arts is mastered and she ac- 
cepts a King. Here and there tbxOUgOUt 

our land ar eking- of the art wl I skill 

Bh0WS hOW ardently ihev have r ml It. 

Why there are nol more there are many 

reasons. 'Tis truly said that "Iovi is 
blind" and while the art of penmanship 
wins the love of many, even tn courting 
and wedding the profession for life, it is 
wise to consider ^ hat sacrifices and steps 
are necessary to win success in that art. 
'Tis true that penmanship haa gained for 
some more fame and success in life than they 
ever would have achieved in any other di- 
rection and to all such it is a blessing. 
There are others who perhaps after a few 
y eflra Bnd the field of penmanship too 

Mnall fur their ellmls, yet are Wed, led tO it 

and see no easy way to win success else- 
where or spend the necessary lime and 
expense in gaining another field of labor. 
To many such the adoption of the pro- 
fession of penmanship is unwise. The 
impression prevails among many that su- 
perior skill will surely be rewarded with 
superior success. While this is true in 
si. me cases, in others a bare livelihood is 
eked out by skillful penmen, and the pub- 
lic are blamed for their lack of apprecia- 
tion ,,1 talent To gain success in the pro- 
fession, of penmanship there must be a 

happy combination Of two qualities— tact 

and talent. Win an abundance of tact 

talent will be of little use. Tad findi a 
market for talent and where these pos- 
sessed by any one, 00 matter what is his 
profession, Buccess is assured. In years 
past teachers of penmanship of quite ordi- 
nary ability gained a fair success, but in 

later years, with millions of copy-books be- 
fore the public, it i- harder to secure Dur- 
ing the pasi 20 years commercial colleges 

have given supporl to many who made Ihe 

art their whole study, but now even these 

with. ail other ability than pern ship 

penman receive s moderate support. Wri- 
ting academies, have merged into book- 
keeping BChools the many prominent pen- 
men of the country are now found either 
as principals ..r teachers of book-keeping 
and writing in business collegi -. The field 
for occupation in penmanship lies chiefly 
in these schools. The salaries there given 
or lncnies realized vary largely— while 

there are many who are timid I are 

willing to be employed, there are others 

win) as principals reap the bene 111 of then 
ability The aim then to be kepi in vie* 
by all who wish to succeed in the profes- 
sion of penmanship, should be to master 
not only penmanship but every depart- 
ment of a well regulated business college. 
This 1- what the best penmen are doing 

and through this can the higheel sue ess 
of penmanship be gained. To all who de- 
sire in be teach, 1 - the Business 1 
ford an ample field for tact and talent. The 

increasing respect with which penmen are 
regarded of late years .-nines largely from 
the fad that many able, h,,H. ,- ■,!,,, n and 

busini - men, are moulding the minds of 

the present generation. Prominenl ai ig 

1 . Professors Packard, Folsora, 

Soule, the Spencers and a host of 

1 I .1, 




While not 
detail as L. Spen- 

Isn't it provi.king when making a bold 
stroke with the pen for the inl 
-ay, in the middle of a letter. To pn Vi til 
this See that the hole or eye Of a pen is 
filled with ink and you are sure of your 

ifzeiktm-ajsts .ar/t j-oTJi^isr-^L. 

DOES TOBAi I 0, I'. A 01 


by young pi 13 have ab- 

:..,,,, d from thai) uae hoping to gain bet- 
tei control ol thoij muni It -■. Just how 

Ullllll.INI - .llll ..1 III I.I ■'■- 

skill with in. . nil to deter- 

mine, Some ui iiic best of penmen, such 
und \\ UUoms have us< d -1 imu- 
Lanta and yel theii skill was matchless. 
Father Spencer used tobacco constantly, 
many others or perhaps nearly all penmen 
have used Btimulants in some form or 
other in greater or leas degree. While 

we might be in-; I to dep] 1 1 iti the use 

of even tea and coffee on the principle that 

all bi 4antc are injurious, we are 

prepared to claim thai any one'- writing is 
affected by these. A.8 for tobacco we have 

no ■_ I words for it. Upo ir first ai - 

pAiaintnnce we agreed to disagree, ai leasl 
Hit cigar did. We thoughl seriously of 
tobacco and its effects for several hi 
and have been prejudiced against it > 


Pens good, bad and indifferent are 1 
inon— among the bail and indifferent 
gold pen stands prominent. True, it Blips 
easy and don't wear "ill, but for Hie Use 

of penmen they can't compare with sev- 
eral. The best pen for fine general writing 
and finishing is the Spencerian No. L. 
These should nol cosl more than $1.25 per 
gross. The "No. 14, Artistic" Spencerian 
pen is v. ry fine and elastic, requiring a 
light baud to use it. Phe Gillott'f "Princi- 
pality" pen is much like the "Arti itiej" ' ril- 
lott'e 808 1- an old Btandby, and tor card 
writing or ladies 1 writing is not surpassed; 
the (jilloit 'Vr.iM quill" steel pen is tine 
I'ur line shading but expensive. The Gil- 
lott's 170 is as good and more easily ob- 

i,iiim.'iI. J 'ur lettering such as l.icnnan text 

and -ild English the quills of turkeys are 
the beBt, so Cut &u to use the (tat Bldn. P01 
broad and very heavy text a stick formed 
I live a paddle cut square iegood. For ruling 
lines either Btraight 01 in curves with a 
good as all lines 

a K-(ei B b'a 

much liked by 
while a good 

re 1 j ii- 1^1 


: pen 

pill be of uniform thick 
mallest oblique pens 1 
for plain writing, 

pen for rapid writing is Gill 
moderately clastic and can be depended 
upon for lines of a fail strength. Penhold- 
ers should be shorl and light, extending 
back "t the knuckles about an inch. Sil- 
ver or gold holders slinuld never be used 
for fine writing. The clasp of the holdei 
should be firm on the stick and the pen 
firm in the clasp. For flourishing the 
holder may be slightly shorter but always 

light. The oblique penholdei it 1 I 

used and although strange at first .-'"'ii be- 
comes suited to the hand and i> very mm h 
liked by tli- most perfect writers in tin- 

Phi re 1 n manj w ho do nol pursue the 
e ..1 penmanship owing 
in .in idea that they are too nervous, their 
hands shake or tremble and thej havi no 
. onfidei 1 1 a itli the pen ; thi ii lines are 
irregul ir, rougl) and uncertain The ex- 
cuse foi baa ■.'. 1 iting on the Bcore of ui r- 
vousness, c es unit ly fn 

who are strong and healthy 
nerves, except fl hen w riling. 

almosl perfect control. They laugh at the 
idea ol being called nervous in anj thing 
but writing, and ii would be well if thej 

would em loose from that idea al 

« hicl sl persons call m 

n 1 itiug Lb -u ing to aw k wariness in pen- 
holding and movement. But the greatest 
cause lies in ;i vigorous pulsation. In a 

strong healthy person the blond rushes 
through the arteries with a tremendous 

force, and especially after violent exercise 

ii is almosl impossible to w rite, owing to 
the vigorous action of the blood. In the 
wrisl is situated the artery k 
pulse, and here lies the trouble with strong 

lull hi led persons. The violent pull 

tioiis of the wrist jar the hand SO as 
cause it to tremble, yel as nosensation 
produced it is attributed to nervousne 

Especially are those troubled with the 

pulsations who rest upon the wrisl 

ting. Expert penmen, who rest at the 

elbovi and slide on the fingers and pe 
find little trouble with so called nervou 
1 iev- To gain confidence and command of 
the hand various means are resorted to, 

1 tug which the n riting w itb large .-nil 

fi hand producing ver^ beavj 
shades, also -nine secureit by 1 igorous and 
continued practiic upon very heavily sha- 
ded muscular niovement exerei.-es. It pens 

break it is a good sign, they are lost in .1 
noble cause This kepi up for a few days. 
to the total destruction ol a lew pens and 

a good supply <>f paper, will totally destroy 

nei vousness and the Bngew will be so ac- 

I u.-lo . 1 d to I h. pen Ihat all limidii.. will 

hi' gone. A little of this rough practice 
before doing a nice piece of writing will 
develop greaj freedom and ease of move- 
ment, ami also that confidence so neces- 
sary in artistic work. Until the fingers 

bee e .si g and the penholder seems 

unburden in the hand there will be un- 
steadiness, hut as for nervousness we have 
yet in hull a ease in lull out again s t the 
remedy ubovi described. 

ntry. It should not be used excm- I;. Spencer, Sr., 

sively hut for their best writing, nearly all 
the experts use it. Ii is apt to get looSe 
in the holder and spring Loo much, hut 
tins can he remedied by any ingeuioujs 

j ersorj 1 be cork pi nl ler is somet 

used by those who grip the pen, it is as 
large around us ones fingei but it is a sure 
cure for nervousness and the like. The 
same may be accomplished by wrapping 
string around the penholder then the fin- 
gers are placed till the size is the same as 

■ i. Metal holders should not he 

used neither those having braces for the 

thumb and lingers nor with a hall attached 
in the hand. The best remedy for hail 

penholding is a six inch stick or pencil 
placed across the palm and tied with a 
Btringovei the back of the hand. Another 
very excellen holder is thi stick with rub- 
ber clasp for holding the pen, the rubber 
. i, the pen and produces Bmooth 

shades and feels very easy in the lingers. 

Thi j ■ .11 i"' procured at stationers in the 
,ity or can be made with a small piece of 

rubber tubing drawn over the end of a 

lew.ns in w riling, of two h 

:,..).,, . .in-'] seems to do n i M as 
he can talk. 
N,,w thai 1 1 i tted we sup- 

id - wans '■ ■ I enure in the 
treasury department He is a splendid 
companion and a fine penman. We hope 

for our rea.lei - 

( lur friend James X, Knauas h ts jusl 
come into the possession of the Business 
College at Easton, Pa. He Is a capital 
fellow and a fine penman, His published 
cards are marvels of beautj 


Prof. D. F. Brow a, whose pen wori 
Lord's Prayer," took premium ai 
World's Fair in London years since, ii 

pmprietor of a Business College in Brook 

Prof. II. C. Spencer, of Washington, ii 
now manufacturing the once famous Spen 

cerian ink. 

Prof. A. K. Donton, the < 


rival of li. 
ired life in 

Prof. Seldem Duntou, who pre- 

i is the copies ol P., D. & S. books, resides 

and teaches in Brooklyn. lie used to 
practice after U. R.'s copies. 
Prof 11. A Spencer is now ai Dallas. 

Texas, lie was superintendent nl writing 

in St. Louis' schools five years ago. We 

filled thesami position fortwo years alter. 
How the wind has blown us and where 
have we landed! 

A splendid writer for his age, 21, is S. 
R, Webster, Painesville, Ohio, and another 
i- s. Howland, Oberlin, 0. Thej can set 
copies for many old ti n> hers 

Prof Orrin Reynolds, of Chicago, if 

of the st rapid muscular movement 

w liters in the country. He has been for 
several years past superintendent of wri- 
ting in 1 he Indianapolis public scl is. 

Prof l». S. Dow, a traveling teacher of 

writing I book-keeping, was last heard 

of among the Mm ns. We suppose he's 

teaching the little Brighams how to write 
love letters. 

Prof. Congdon gave us a call sometime 

sinee. lie is traveling, iriviii^ six nights 

Webstei describes taste as a "nice per- 
ception of the power of pi cceiving and 
relishing excellences in human perform- 
ances; critical judgment ; discernment. 
Also manner, with respect to what is 
pleasing; style." The word taste OS used 

in the following is a nice judgment ofwhat 
is excelli iii and beautiful in penmanship. 

1 think the firsi requisite of pei inship 

should be legibility, and so long as tins is 
the leading feature of practical penman- 
ship, it should not be overlooked 
garding the art as a thing of beauty. All 
that ia harmonious is in accordance with 
taste, but applied to writing certain forms 
must not be forgotten, for legibility must 
he regarded. 
Each letter should he of proper 

requisite lullness and in harmony with all 

others of its kind. In small letters 
have three grades of size, and these to be 
formed correctly and in good tastemusl 
possess a certain inline.--, and be properly 
spaced. The letters rand s belong to Bmall 
letters ae onlj theii points extendabove 

them. The letters I and p belong to 
other class and are alike in height 

uniform in amount of shading, 

looped letters are of another class i 

should at all times be alike in length and 
in width, and all letters uniform in slant. 
It is true thai no two persona write ex- 
actly alike. Tins is owing to the faui that 
no two display the same taste in the for- 
mation of letters. We see writing all "I' saj ol 45, ■" wen 60 degrees, 

we call itgood writing because it is legi- 
ble and harmonious. We see writing 
where each word begins with Large leiter.\ 
and tapers to the end. Phis style u-ed to 
be common and was taught asone ol the 
styles h;. lathei Spencer. Again, writing 
with lout; loops, writing with Bhort loops, 
writing with very small shorl letters or 

very large ones. Wilting very open, 

moderately open, condensed or very com- 
pact, all are legible and when written with 
precise uniformity each may be called 
good writing. The various authors of 
penmanship have, during the past 20 years, 
presented to the public a host of styles and 
none have shown a greater number of 
styles then the leading systems, Spence 

nan and P. D. and S. The old C pen- 

dium, present lie. a -teal variety "1 on-ma! 
Spencerian writing, presents styles far 

diilerent from the Spencerian ol the 
present, Vet in all the sty les we find thai 

regard for uniformity of height, -lanl, 

spacing, size and shading w hicli renders 
them legible and pleasing and therefore 
good penmanship. G I penmanship, 

then, does not owe lis virtue to being JUSI 

so high, just bo wide of sp ■■ 

SUCh a slant, just B0 inu'h Shade '.nl iiii 

more &c, for no two in whole ci untry 

but vary in these very points. No person 
can write rapidly and exactly, execute a 

line of writing aeeonling to the rules un- 
derlying any published system, yel there 
are hundreds of rapid yet beautiful writers. 

They are good writers because theii work 
is uniform in height, slum, spacing, size 
and Blanting, andno matter what propor- 
tion of sice their tastes may causi them to 
choose, and no mailer if not a Bingle letter 
will bear a strut analysis according to any 
system, the public (the judge) will call it 

e I Wlil !)(;_• hreall-e It Is h'gible Olid be- 

cause ii lb uniform they will cal 


While nearly every writer h is his pe- 

■ .1 is true thai few an- pei ii i tly 

satisfied with that which they \ ■ Ul 

would write better, bul to do so n tjuires 
the cultivation of taste, as g 1 taste lies 

.;,, of good Bl ran I ■ 

: i .ui ingemeni ol well formed letters, 

uniform in spacing between l. ' 

words,nol too long or too short, nol b m 

well liere ami eaieh-ss ilure. hut uniform 

in height, -lani, Bpscing, Bize and shading 
throughoul the page ^^ 111 ei er be i alii d 
good writing. The besl ol m it' r ai e noti 
then those who slowly draw exact letters 
with pen ami Ink, hut others approach ac- 
curacy as neaias possible witli a llowiug 

movement, with legibility as th 
nun, rapidity as the econd ind beauty last 
but not least. As the immortal Spencer 
said "Grace is the ease of a body whether 

ai resl oi i tion " So in writing does 

a careful can li ssni n produce I is 

"Not f 

when <-<K\rr;ir i:i-y;ixs piiooress 

There are few who enter upon the study 
and practice of penmanship who do not 
desire to become as perfeel as it i- possible 
in execution. While the ambition to -ex- 
cel exists With hundreds it is rare lo find 
one who has possessed the knowledge of 
how to achieve this great excellence. Un- 
less one is under the training of a thor- 
oughly competent, teacher the chances are 
Bftj to one thai progress to artistic skill 
will nevei be accomplished. How easy it 
isto look over the worl of some one else 
and see wherein lie blunders and show his 
nd bad taste, but dear reader 

is 1 1 a- ea.-y to look int ir own work li uil 

see as many failures? Certainly not. We 
soon become accustomed to o«j Btyle and 
ele n ■ is so (as we might think) impu- 
dent as to criticise ii i ir face, we become 

quite contented with it. Thus our mistakes 

heenine lixed luiliil- U'enise we UTO OOl 

enustantly finding fault with ourselves. 
We have never yet met a third rate pen- 
man, wlio had been in the professi 

few years, but believed he knew all about 
the mi .ii"! was perfectly satisfied w ith 
■,M thai he did. True various authors 
differed with turn bul thai was their weak- 
ness, What he did nol know w..s not 
worth knowing. Ask to see whal works 
upon penmanship he had , he could not 
show one. Ask him to descrih the diff- 
erence between diilerent system . ; he 
could not do it. lie teaches either such 

a system or most likely Ins QV, ll Ufa him 

to give a critical anaVj -i- if an] lettei oi 

letters and he eai I do it. lie 01O8I will tell you thai he was - If-made 

ii a natural to himand therefore would 

have y ionsider him as b greal genius, 

whom the Gods bad seen fi! to bless witi 

w-ond'-ous powers. That theie am somanv 

■ dmilar class of penman, is not 
so surprising when it is considered whal 
advantages they have had "l bi 
sons who ever succeed in achie> iug great- 

■ the 

lliosl .- 


t wilh one's sell, tO 

sfied of i'a utter 

LCh a stale of miml 

aprovemi nt is sure 
. V( - evei succeeded 
Hence in penraan- 

ffe Cannot Kmploy Agents. 

■ papi 

i did 

In selling a pne 
not think tO provide .1 way for ageiltfl I'-' 

mak- money oul of u by getting clubs be- 
low our rates. We thought of everj pi 11- 

:.. ;,,! hearted fellow n 
be glad to say a good word foi a il *•■ 

merited it, and BO we fixed thi ; 

ing price, trusting to thosi g I words and 

our own efforts for SUi Who those 

g 1 fellows are we shall soon find out, and 

they will not regret doing us a g I turn. 


ZPZEILTIMI^lSrs -A.IR/T ctotji^^t^.l. 


WHO 8B01 li' IDVERl 
Every peni 

i ■'. out "i bi plain and 

thing in the way of penmsnehlp or inate- 

i i.ii foi 1 1 should 

n in. tvuhe 

■ ■ 

■ !■■. i :■ i [SE IN THE"J01 B FAU 1 

che? of Book-keeping w bo de- 
Min-f a position, Bhould 

1 DVER3 [81 in THE "JOURNAL." 

| ,,,..,,.. . I ,. I!. ■■■■.-, 

h ho « ' he a partner, oi beachei . or to die- 

,i-', i R i i.- i. i S i HE "JOURNAL." 

i ■ . mthor of Penmanship, Book- 

Vritl itic, should 



• |ni|.; 

I i .,, . ol Buffa] 

g" is designed 
mi. I embraces U Beta in 
e entry. "The •dai 

I in Hi. 'EUt ten/" be 

M| |!„ 


directly from the mosl approve! 

il | hi largi * bi ■ ■■ Iioubob. Th> 

i- set i tained In this edition ha 

.', l,.-li « ..iniiii'ii<l:ili<Hi^ (nun li-;nl 

iklng houses and is the most exien 

i.i. lor lllm. 

He's n poor, hard-working man trying 

to pay hi* 1 esl debta and BUpporl his 

family by diligent and honest toil; bu! v> 
for him/becauBS be cannot paj e re\i dol- 
bus he owe*. Ho is poor and ontitled to 
i oi idi ration Ki ep bim down ' 

Helphiml He'sa rich man, who robbed 
ii bank or made an assignment, Uvea in ;i 
on and walks leisurely, enjoying 
Life, while itis wife and children are <ie- 
prived ..i none of the luxuries of wealth or 
the enjoyment of society. He's Bmart, an 
enterprising business man, and it's a pity 
he's robbed bis creditors. Don't say any- 
thing to hurt his tender feelings, nor ex- 
pect linn to soil bis delicate Angers by 
toil. He compounded with creditors at 
twenty Bve or thirtj per cent and now 

li\.'- in luxurious ease, an ho I, res 

:., i.i i prominent man. 

Go foi himl He's poor— he is trying to 

for cent with Interest, and bis 

bauds are hardened bj toil hi « ifc and 

children feel the run binge of poverty and 

ol the times hi 

-in. ill I -f .ui.l i'.ii.'- m :intil> . Imt il i- ;is 

n I as lir .li'-.r\ i's In- lias no business 

to bo poor nor honest He*fi b fool for uot 

robl ^ ibe those w ho 

ve trusted him u 

'■■< | r! '!" for him ' 

Keep him down pile upon bim such a 

weight of obloquy and pecuniary embar* 

hi able to rise 

i Bow don't 



. ly, and it is the besi 

i lot apenwipei 

French Words In I'ommoo Pie 


Bunch ..i flowers 

1 ' 


I . I 

I | ['li.- flower, the i hosen 

.... r> i onal ch i 

Bumming up 

.... ..0 

The - ibbl< 

A critic in art 

i ..■ ,,... A kitchen 

/ mtav W< dding outfit 

5 — Evening party 

i ,,, >, i To knit with b boos 

( t [no employ ed 

V hull, i 

Oateri*. Private circle 

. Freedom, negligence, disre- 
gard ofappearonces 

Negligt ' "•>■'•< i" 1 '- <In--- 


Place of meeting 

Debut Tlie tirsl appearance 

Bonoxot \ witty saying— a pun 

A rumor— a report 

J'.ht „ Small, as a pt-lil jury 

Ragout, Slewed meals 

l-'.uh. Koub Bi twi en us 

i la mod* ... In 

fiurvelll ■■ Supi rvlsion 

/■ mboni I ■■■■ Coi pu lence 

A U plum, framed name ©fan 



.A. In 


Beau ideal"'. 

Billet doux Love letter 

K-'n •/<■ Cologne i ulogne water 

Wau ■!■ Vie.. Watei oflifu 

Ma chm My .tear 

Ma foi* Upon my faith 

Afon ami M\ friend 

H'l /- -V nu/s /J,',,)''/! S. V /' . Answer 

if> Please 

Who are Interested in Penmanship 

Sliould Take The 


1st. All who tieeire to become good pen-' 
en will find inure infurmatiuii, jnsl suite. 1 

to them, than can be found in all the keys, 
copy-1 k> or manuals any where pub- 
lished, ami enable many without a teacher 
to Ii.v.uih' lirsi class penmen. 
24 It will contain a great number of 
tin, (Mr points for the teacher and many 
articles worth reading to classes. 

3d. It will treat every department of thi 
art, and present many ideas which are 
■ i by long experience ami in 
mingling h ith the best pen artists. 

in. li will contain a fell descripl f 

all il.. best terial used in both plain or 

ornamental pen work, also whereto pro- 
ud hon to nse them, tnclud- 
pen prices, 'lie use of 
in.ii.i ml;, the formation of oval . curvei 
of ( ierman and Eng- 
■' pens Ac, &c, 
6th. It will circulate largely among busi* 
m bs colleges and prove a means of Becnring 
■ i men who advertise 
6th. It will 

i ird « titers, enabling all whi 
di sir fine 

7th. li will contain questio 

wew foi 'i | i i ...,ii 

Snk* the Besi of Yourself. 

■ i 

natural powers of the body and mind 

1 reator? Or are yon 

droning through life in half efforts, and 

-i. adily drifting behind men ol le ■ abilil y 

than your OWH— nn-u who, With fewer tal- 
ent- than you possess, are making the best 
of themselves? Think of this. Put the 
question to yourself as we put it to you. 

and .1" ii h Btly. Look the matter right 

in the face. Are you making the best of 
yourself? If not, begin .i new li 
Do your best in everything— in your 
thinking and in your doing. Rise out of 
i mi. .lei ire and self-indulgence, and not 

only will the world be better for your hav- 
ing lived in it. but you will be the better 

for having lived in the world. 

Capital vs. Kxperlence. 
Somebody asked a German what be was 
doing. "Veil." he replied, "shoost now I 
i i g noddings, bul I have made ar- 
rangements i" go in'" biziness." "Glad to 
hear it- What are you going into?'' 

"Veil, I goes into partnership mit R man." 

'■1 io j ou furnish much capitol "' "No, I 
doesn't put in nogapitals." "Don't wrfnt 
to risk it, eh?" "No, but I putaindeex- 

rienee," "And he put* in the capital?" 

" Sfes, dot is it. V7e goes into biziness for 
dree j ears; be puts in de gapital, I put in 
de experience. At de end of de dree years 
I will have de gapital and be will have de 

Articles Upon Penmanship Wanted. 
\\. solicit (rom the profession articles 

upon any and every branch ofthe subject, 
and we will acknowledge them and pass 
favorable comments >>r none. 

Every professional has had an experience 
and the experiences and conclusions de- 
rived from them are just what we all want. 
Ifynu cangive us a new idea, the. whole 
profession w ill chei ish good feelings (..ward 
you i"i it. and we are anxious that the 
Pbsmam's Aim- Journal shall surpass all 

previous papers in being full to overflow- 
ing with new and liberal ideas 

By all Means Have a Blackboard. 

Ivv.Tv lover of penmanship should have 

a blackboard -have it put up in bis room 

With plenty Of crayon ready for use. With 

sueh a convenience one will rind himself 
practicing many time- and odd momenta 
will thus be improved with real pleasure 1 
The boldness in forming off-hand capitals 

with the pen is greatly aided by frequent 

blackboard practice. Not only this, but the 
fingers are greatly strengthened thereby. 
A good broad board nicely smoothed can 
be turned into a blackboard by dyeing it 
with ink; it should then be fastened to the 
wall with its center uppoMle one's face. 

Prof. Amks' proposes to send three 

sheets of engrossing ti any address on re- 
ceipt of SI. We have examined these spe- 
cimens of his skill ami feel it a duty we 
owe to Lovers of lettering, designing and 
ornamental .-kill to commend them highly. 
Nothing improves one's skill more than 
the actual copying of first-class work and 
we are satipfied that so much truly artistic 
work was nevei "ill red al io low a Sgure. 

Wi call special alli'ntiou I" bis advertise- 
ment in another column, where the high- 
est i nendations an given his great 

Centennial picture. 

■ii..s l i .. n tu with ■ 

An. i i>- i ..u perfection by 

But write us what you think, we will ip- 
ill honest liberal opinions. 

—A clergyman was preparing his dis- 
cnurse for Sunilay, *toj>piitn occasionally to 
revten what he bad written, and to ems** 
tliat wbioh be was disposed to disapprove, 
who when he was accosted by bis mile sun, 
' red I. in live sumincis: "Father 

dues uod tell you what to preaob ''Cer- 
tainly, inv child." "Then what makes 
you scratch it oat?" 

— Dan bury Aeiea: Dont neglect your pen- 
man-Inn. A man in New \<>rk k<H $64,000 
from a banker for being a Rood writer. It 
is not yet know u how many years he will 

—Probabilities: "When you see a man go- 
ing; home at two o'clock in the morning, 
anil know his wife in waiting for him, it is 
likely to be stormy. ' ' 

—Bay windows are safe at night for little 

Business College, 


Thorough training in all branches pertain- 
taining to a 

Full coarse, completed in 4 months, (60 
Students receive b Ml teachers' course 

in l.l;iin :in.l .11 num. i.ta] |.cnin;iii-lii|i u ilh- 

out extra charge. 

For further particulars address 



T" K 

1 nL'iima 

penmau. Bend 20 c 

iiu-M zsvavayn i 

inl pmt v. t ,.|i.i 

ssq f\ 



205 Broadway, %T. T. 

ttliiii Fenmeii Want. 

On receipt <.f prices unnexcJ, I will seii'.l postjmid 
i-f.ii-, <il iii.y ..I tin- li.llunim; it.-i-i.ifuires. ciiuli of 
wliirli is iiunitii; Hit- must iierl't'ct ami altnu'tive 
sin.-! inuaisul ' pen mjin^ti i |> cvf-r jni bti-lii'd Tin? 'Cell - 1'icliir,- ..I IT.iL;re.s.,'' >Mu imrlies. *MHi; 

Agents wanted, 

The following i 
tesmuonials nwar 

20.i Broadway, N. Y. 

■■I Hi., n.jiiiy tlnttcriiiR 

' ! ■■ ■ i 

It is ingenious and .lullllil— Kiv. Edward hm/lc- 

1 will rcc.ive t;ieiil -iui>la.-( I mm its inspet- 

tion— Hun Hamilton I't-h. -M.irbiry nl State, Wush- 

■ tnui.jii til' the subject is adiniraljle — Hun. 
v, I'lil." ■ 
Washington, I) I 

.1/ il Waile, Chief Ju.liee <<\ V S. Supreme Court, 

j Picture 01 PrOKfi 
work of grunt ul.ililj hii.1 mi] ^einuii- .— IU,n Ed 
•j Genera! of U. 8., Waeh- 

ting. -JIou At'm-o Tajt, U.S. Sec- 

iMerly.— The Writing 

.- 1" -i -i nene oi 

ide.iec i.l gr.'iit 

' / nl . a\ -.1 : 

n design 

.iiisliij. I Imve 

l ii. >■ nre 


i hi y : 

■ iiiiiiieutni pen 

■pe< li - imiii the pcn.- 

BoUan Daily !'■>■ 

Thej ore marvelotu 
Nob York Dady 1 ■ 

'flu '> -■■:.:lili-:i ■ ■■- v in the art of 

piTIUlIlll-tllp / 

They ure ti :. 

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They are mast 



penman's 2trt Jkmrnai 

Published by A. H. Hinman and D. T. Ames, 205 Broadway, New York. 

Vol. l.-No. 2. 


J V rni*: $1.00 a V 
in Advance. 

rutin; in no such wokdas fail. 

Young man, are yot 
With the noblest u 

With honor and mil 
The obstacles cirel 

for all the biiclit v 

B temple Of glory 

Hut remember while striving ulthmtKli you may fall, 

Oil. youth, in the .siring time the seed of thy heart. 
With the see'l "1 k'»i..i 'lee'l- that rare joy will im- 
Throusli the vale where thy life work Is growing. 

And life's whltenir 

flrm futthful 


Blind Tom Kills 

town to the 

initial, bora 
i devour his* 

"Sit down here, 1 ' said the agent, "and. 
keep perfectly still. Tom detects the 
slightest sound, and often puis people out 
of the room under the impression that they 
mean to injure him." 

The reporter seated himself in one corner 

brought in Tom's meal and placed it upon 
a stand. Shortly a.terward Tom was led 
in from an adjoining room and seated along 
side the stand . The agent then withdrew, 
Leaving Tom and the reporter alone. 

When the blind musician took his seat, 
his features could be studied at leisure. 
His head seemed to be a literal copy trotn 
the pictures of idiots one sees in the phreno- 
logical works. There was scarcely any 
forehead, his nose was large and Hat, the 
mouth and jaws simply brutal. His yellow, 
sightless eyes rolled continually in their 
sockets, and the whole aspect of his lace 
was ferocious and animal. 

Immediately on seating himself, he be- 
gan to drum with his hands upon the 
table, as if fingering the keys of a piano, at 



tips of his fingers 
over the stand, and touched in succession a 
beefsteak, a dish of asparagus, a cup of tea 
and some bread and potatoes. 

Satisfying himself that a grace was war- 
rantable, be calmly spread his hands over 
it, and repeated a short grace in a reveren- 
tial tone and very slowly. The instant the 
grace was said, he clutched the beefsteak 
in both hands, and, lifting it to his mouth, 
tore It in fragments between his teeth, 
seeming to swallow the pieces without mas- 

As soon as the steak was disposed of, he 
began sweetening his tea with little cubes 
of sugar. He evidently likes his tea sweet, 
for he put sixteen ordinary cubes of sugar 
into his cup, and, then stirring the mix- 
ture, drank it down with a smack of satis- 

Wheu this was done, he uttered a cry of 
delight, and, turning from the table, rub- 
bed his hands together in a sort of childish 
glee, and danced about the room. Going 

up to the mantelpiece, he went through 
the motions of playing, taking no notice 
whatever of the articles which be knocked 
oft'. Suddenly be rushed back to the table 
and made a raid on the dish of asparagus, 
eating the stems entire, the white, stringy 
part, as well as the tender extremity. 

He next clutched a large potato in his 
hand and placed it between his teeth, but 
suddenly changed bis mind, and casting it 
down, lifted his eyes toward the ceiling, 
and again placed his hands in a position to 

He held his head motionliss for some endeavoring to catch some stray 
.usical fancy which was drifting through 


Occasionally be made a 
his hands as if he were about to strike a 
chord, but checked himself and bit his lip 
as if impatient. Then bis face would lose 
its brutal expression, and, bis eyes turned 
upward, seemed inspired. Finally he be- 
gan beating time with his foot, a smile 
broke over his features, and he went through 
the movement of playing. 

Success and Failure In Penmanship. 

Itisfrequently remarked that many of the 
best educated persons make but very poor 
teachers. During twenty years as a teacher 
of penmanship, I have been struck with 
the same fact as regards teachers of the 
art. It is a well known fact that some of 
the best penmen are but indifferent teach- 
ers of penmanship. This I attribute to a 
lack of tact and talent. Genius may starve 
in a garret, wrapped in most debasing rags, 
while management fattens in luxury. 

A deplorable lack of even the rudiments 
of an education has caused the downfall of 
many an ambitious young penman, and 
some of the most shocking spelling has 
blasted the hopes of many an amateur, 
who complained bitterly at the utter lack 
of a just appreciation of his efforts by a 
critical public, when the truth was his lack 
of education, and especially his spelling, 
was the cause of his failure. I cannot for- 
bear relating an incident which occurred 
while a traveling teacher of penmanship. 
In the town of C, in central Illinois, some 
twelve years ago, while engaged in teach- 
ing a fine class, many of whom were teach- 
ers of the public schools, I was informed 
that a most dangerous rival, bailing from 
Hoop-pole township, Posey county, Indi- 
ana, had arrived in town, and proposed to 
start an opposition which promised to 
make things lively for me. He taught his 
own system, which, he informed the won- 
dering and astonished people, was infinite- 
ly superior to the "Spencerian," and pro- 
fessed a most disdainful contempt for each 
and every system of writing but his own, 
that he originated in Posey county. We 
soon found that his spelling was also in a 
great measure original with himself, and 
neither agreeing with Webster, Worcester, 
nor any one else for that matter. He made 
quite a spread, and advertised extensively 
by throwing specimens of penmanship into 
nearly every house and store. It was not 
twenty-four hours before his spelling was 
the source of ludicrous remarks through- 
out the entire village, and the school boys 
hailed him with scores of misspelled words. 
Of course, it was impossible for him to se- 
cure a school in that village, and he left, a 
most thoroughly disgusted man, claiming 
that the people were a most confounded 

k of idiots. 

Another fact that has had a tendenc] to 
greatly detract from a just appreciation of 
good penmanship, is thai so com | mi at mli 
few adopt it as a profession for any con- 
siderable length of time; this, n itfa Dtlie] 
causes, has had a tendency to cause a eer- 
tain amount of contempt for penmanship 
by certain persons of other professions. It 
is also very probable that in no other pro- 
fession are there more shams or pretend- 
ers than used to exist in traveling le;n 1mt~, 
which wrought almost an irreparable in- 
jury in many localities to the business. 
The methods and manner in which an un- 
suspecting public were gulled by sharks, 
were many. I have also noticed a con- 
siderable amount of intemperance existing 
among traveling teachers; and right here 
let me say that the excessive use of stim- 
ulants has, in my opinion, the power Of un- 
fitting the best penmen for professional 
duties; that the excessive use of ardent 
spirits hurried J. D. Williams to an early 
and untimely grave, I have never yet 
heard contradicted. Then let me empha- 
size the remark, to besticoe&ful In penman. 

ship, I bd'ure that absohttr ftobritf;/ ami strictly 
temperate habits are absolutely necessary, both 
in relation to! tobacco and all kinds of 
liquor, and I think that this truth can not 
be too thoroughly impressed upon the 
mind of every young penman who would 

■ t,, , 

A Sample Circular. 

The following circular has come into 
our hands, and as it contains several ^ 
points which may serve teachers who 
travel, we give it. We should be glad to 
get all such circulars as is possible, with a 
view to benefit those who wish to impress 
the public favorably : 

"Prof. J. A. Congdon would respectfully 
inform the citizens of this place that he is 
prepared to give instructions in penman- 
ship in all its departments, lie has been 
engaged in teaching this beautiful and 
valuable accomplishment nearly twenty 
years, during which time he has taught 
over fifty thousand pupils— a greater num- 
ber than were ever taught' by any othe* 

member of his profession. Thnu.- I-. of 

his pupils are now filling positions of 
honor and trust in bank.-- and counting 
rooms, and are writing the plain, practical, 
smooth, free, rapid band they mastered 
under his instructions. Hundreds of re- 
fined and accomplished v-" 111 ^ ludie-, who 
were taught to write a fine, fashionable, 
corresponding style artistically by him, 
are now earning from one to three 
thousand dollars per annum with their 
pens. Hundreds who have graduated at 
commercial colleges have afterwards at- 
tended his classes, greatly to their advan- 
tage. They consider him unsurpassed as 
an artistic/ penman, and unrivalled as an 
imparter. His system of penmanship has 
been pronounced by competent judges the 
best for practical purposes in the world. 

"What some call good writing is not 
considered such in the counting room. 
Business men expeel they employ 
not only to write legibly and uniformly, 
but to write easily, smoothly, rapidly and 
well. Bad writing is no sign of genius. 
Dolts are as capable' of writing poorly as 
intellectual giants. Defective instruction 
is the chief cause of the sera wlite_-,ei tinned, 

slow, awkward, miserable writing so often 
-in <,,">,! writing requires much more 
knowledge than bad writers Buspect Prac- 
tice alone will not make a good writer, as 
hundreds who have written badly over 
forty years will testify. To write well a 

perso si have cledr, correct, definite 

ideas of the forms and proportions of let- 
ters, and must. In- familiar and well trained 
in tliuM- poMtinns and movements which 
are necessary to execute them with pre- 
cision, certainty and freedom. Those who 
write well do it because they have the 
requisite knowledge, 

"Poor writters usually attribute their 
want of skill to nervousness, poor imita- 
tive power, lack of ability, etc., while the 
true reason almost invariably is, they were 
never' properly taught, and have never 
thoroughly learned the art. A good hand 
is indispensable to success in man\ pi»i- 
tions, and in any sphere in life it is an ad- 
vantage. It has frequently secured a good 
situation for ils possessor, while thuse w \,.. 
wrote poorly were unemployed. Many a 
young man can attribute his first success 
in liR- t" writing a good hand. An elegant, 
rapid penman can always command ;i hi-h 

Edui ■■ -dl d iini thai thi En j- 1 ' I 
easiest, wisest and best way to become a 

good penman is to take a few lessons ft 

a professional teacher of penmanship. 

"School teachers will lind these lessons 
extremely valuable. They will not only 
greatly improve the penmanship, but ac- 
quire invaluable skill in imparling. Many 
have found the lessons produce a salutary 
influence on their salaries. 

"Those who join the public class will be 
taught a rapid, smooth, regular uniform, 
plain, practical, neat and fashionable hand, 
admirably adapted t<. business and corres- 
pondence. They will not only learn all 
about it, but also be able todoit. After 
taking these lessons, pupils invariably lind 
that they can write from five to twenty 
times better, and from two to five times 
faster, and with much less tatigue i bose 
who take these lessons consider the knowl- 
edge gained worth from ten to fifty times 
the cost. 

"The lessons will consist of twelve hours 

instructions, given "ii s, x successive eve- 
nings. Twenty minutes per day is usually 

devoted to this subject in common s,| 1, ; 

it would therefore require thirty-six days, 
or over seven weeks' attendance al an "i- 

dinary School to obtain twelve hours' in- 
struction in penmanship. This time is 

sufficient tO enable all Who take these let- 
sons studiously, to write a g I hand. 

They will get at least the value of Hon 

"Terms for the lessons in public class, 
including pens, ink, paper and BUfficienl 
copies for subsequent practice, three dol- 
lars, '($3.00), payable in advance. Specta- 
tors 75 cents per evening. 

'Those who cannot attend the public 
class, can obtain private lessons at reason- 
able terms." 

— "Don't show my letters," wrote a 
Rockland young man to a young lady 
whom he adored. "Don't be afraid," 
was the reply; '-I'm just as much ashamed 
of them as you are. ' ' 

—Little drops of water, little grains of 
corn, make the festive Bourbon and the 
morning horn. 



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-ssjojd j no ui A\aj b sjb ajaqx i^oj aqi si 
BiaqM inq 'paapuj 'isaj a"bui auo do} aqi 
li; inq 'Suiqrajp aJB oqAv sjaqio isBd U3A3 
in L [|ii[ Bqi dn Aba jpjq st auo uaqAi io^ 
■p3jn3as si sauaqaaxa isaq3iq aqi uaqM 
B] }Bqi puB 'punoj aq pjnoqs niaiuiuanioa 
ajaqAv luiod auo inq si SJaqi 'diqsuEUiuad 
jo i-ib aqi ui poxj oi ajidsB ot[A\ asoqi ox 

■aAiJis 3av qapqA\ joj sazud iss 
-qau 3qj uia\ abiu d\\ uaqi '3tq iou op 9av 
l«qi aas o; saA[asjno jbao qa^SAV lUBisttoa 
b da3H puB ssjSop fsaqSiq aqi ut siuatB; 
jno do[3A3p oi snot}iqutB sjb aA\. ji inq 
'sqnssj aiB.iapoui pantaiuoa aq ospt 
isnoi a.u'A'inp jnoopjiBq oi paiuaiuoa ajB 
9A\ ji M3A{asJuo ai[Bui aw iBq*. A"[33.ibi 
9JB 8AV ajq spqi ui U0U9J01 inq 3utqi 
-Xub aq oi 3[qissod it si Avoq 'uotitquiB ino 
-qiu\ puB 'snopiqiuB aq oi 
s\3iio qifA\ p3}ii3}iio3aq ox 'painaiuoo aq 
oi Sutssoiq b ii pJBSai louitaa s.yl 'pytoqs 

3A\ |i:i[M uj UOpJOdoid 

Avoq lapiauoo 

A'of b 3jb .(iiiBaq jo s3niqi„ joj 'pajnaas aq 
pjnoqs isau 3inqiA*jaAa iarj ut's^ooq A'doa 
uiojj sdidoa 'sadojaAua Jtaqi 'sjaqju poo3 
uiojj SJaiiaj aqx '^ooq-dwus aqi ui isoq 
aqi ;nd puu jaqioue dtymn o\ 'apsui si auo 
aaioqa b uaqAV ', 'spjita jo .tadud uodn 
suSisap Suiinaaxa uaq^V 'Joj 3JH3 puB 
ino dqa oi ROM si )i •ausiiJB 3tnqiA"jaA3 

PUB 'satllZtlSBlU JO SJ3AUJ 'SJ3dBdsA\3U JO 

s3inpB3q jo su3;sap 'aisnm i33i|d jo SJ3A03 
PIO "p3Jnaas aq A*bui j^ jo uonaayo.) 
s3jb( b ajojaq 3uo[ sq iou \{i\K i; 'nooq 
-dtuas aqi oiui ind 3JB A'aqi Jt pt'« 'uoissas 
-sod 8,3110 oiui auioa sjapjoq BOpi jo s3ui 
-paaq oiqdwiSoqiqiwau 'siqisapigag '^oo<i 
-dBjas aqi oiui paiscd aauo %"B aq pjnoqs %] 
piiB 'pajnoss si 3JJ0J* jo BOaid a.qu B uaqi 
PUB .ttOU A*J3A3 -l(00q-dl!J3S b iuoq}iA\ op 

oi pJojjB iib3 dn(StiBuiuad jo luapnis on 

SB UOJIBindaj b ajuili uoav aiuu aqj Suunp 
|.m -lima [BI9A99 JOJ pUBL9A9[Q JO ^919 

-os SajiBqep -.nam SunoX aqi jo inspisajd 
sba\ .qi l( '9JD.)S93 putt qaaads aqi st s^obj 
aq qii , uttuiqau3J i j b isouip?,, attin bh[} 
ai[ 81 .it] su saqjA\ put! '[B9J1U0J5 ui a\ou st 
MI nl"ii;[aA.qoija l si ; quapp l ; K n A 

■UOlUUdnaOO \\i)H Siq qi|A\ BB9U 
-idduq q.uuu Uliq qstM 9M pUB 'aaBjd IBqi 
jo \'piq 3nnOiC injiin^^q B oi patuBtu ussq 
A"[iua.ia.i aiuili BSqaQj U91UI« spqi 
iim|i in B9B8Bp*a8iB| riuiq.'t!3i uaaq saq 
A N ^>!'[-.'.inia.) jo '>(sii'i v a3Joa£> 


Stq fq JO iq.-'imqi q.'iHii Bf pUB JStpBaj 

1 t, e 'i.ii.i.u pijuuBaq tt si afi -33anoa 

BS9Ul8nq a|ii\Muii:j aqi u; euqi sit] jo 
uojlJOd Bflpuadfl sq sapisaq 'aaejd iBqi ib 
s| .iqqnd aqi ui 3uuua\ aq-} jo a3.iBqa 
saq o 'ailiABnrea i° '- l3 » s q a AV K 'S 

■juiJd ainpl [aajs Aq poipuil'.i a||uki| 
si 89UI] aiBoqap ^urej oqi putt sapaqs qpu 
'qioouis jo isiMiuo.i aqi— ^JOAA. 
pjBapijiiuB..qs^p:Tii a«ldsiqx 'sspBqsaqi 
joj inn jpreiq jaf b pub 3uuuAi aqi joj ^ui 

Bipui 9p3d B 8mBTl Aq ^39^9 HUUPI« ^ a l 

iaA" '3u;si!3[d A'jaA b a.) ouiu- 's.qmqs 
aiBJspoui putt sauq 3uojis jajajd 'A'lpua 
-us3 'ttsuiuad poauauadxa (som aqi ai;q^ 
•313[dujo3 si ^joav aqi puB 'jaqqiu-a3uods 
Ijos qilM pasiua uaqi sjb sauq apiu3 aqx 
'Itiud sb iD3jjad sujiMdilB 01 dn paqanoi 
janai A"j3A3 puB 'spua aqi ib a.iBnbs 3pEtu 
d pUB p 'i uodn sapitqs aqi 'a.iaqi puB 
3jaq pa.tiqd sapm;s aiB.iqap pun .ioao . 
XqnjajBa st ^joav aqi 'auop 91 siqi uaq^ 
■uot)tsod pijajEji) pur Xsi:a un ui aui| ,(.i; 
jo SutA'iq aqj pm: jaji.q A.I.U3 jo 3iupu 
aqi UI 3JB3 3UI3J1JC3 qilAV uaii[.in UOl 
aasid 3qx ■po.inass st putiq aqi jo [OJ^aoa 
[ b ipi xadttd bhoo[ uodn uad qiu\ 
ajnoBjd injaJBO sauioa uaqx "paawja aq 
A'nstta a"biu it n:qi 'aiiuibj X.iaA put: qpuad 
qijA^ si .uij os auop 81 IBqi \\\ 'sauq aqi 
uaa.ttiaq ind uaqj si Suuijav aqi puis 'iiuqs 
aqi jo.ipioa oi UAVttjp ajB B9UI[-BS0J3 q.uqAv 
jaijB 'paytJ uaqi s ! sjaiiaj itoqs jo )q8iaq 
aqx 'JadBd pa[nj uodn pinsn uBqi japiAv 
auiJin's-um a99M19q .-\.m.W 3|qi:iuis ir qiiu 
paini .(tinjajB,) uaqi Hi j.hIiuI gqx 'JOHBui 
pqos JOSldia.Mi 'B9)0U ' Crjaod i.iqii.i ',i|ij.h 
01 aasoqa 81 3iuqiaiuos 'a'ukj.hi.m , |,m 
oi asndojd au 'Aiqilslp IOJ sii.hhi.i.hIm riui 
-judajd uaq,tt uainuad isaq aqi A*q h.^ki si 
supid i«qji iiavouij XipMauaS jon si i; s\r 

seajppB aq ppioqs "ivMinof 3t[i oi aonej! 
3.1 qi[A\ suoiiBaiuiuuuioa \\y 'A'[3uipju.t. 
isnssi sq SJupij ui h;a\ it. a-ntpl qaup 
Hjoa M3M oi uouBoqqnd jo aayjo aq 
Uliq I jajsuBJi oi pappsp 3ABq 3A\ 'ssuiy "joi^ ji 
naqa. inq 'snopsjd sq pusq Suulpq Suojjs aq; pu 


Xbui lustuiuajuna 'uopipuoa stq janaq iou 
tio 3JdqAV iBqi anJi st 11 -ui_b3b J9A0 

pUB J3A0 tpilJl SU p3UOl}M3tlb SABq 9AV pUB 

'sauni jo isoq b pupn 01 auio.) saq A"doa 

siqx „'uooq suoias-td r. si luaraiuaiuoj,, 

: nooq A'doa Jtio ut ajtJAi 01 pssu aj^ 

aZ£831K00 33 X3A3X 

-Bjouoq 3utsq pus atnqsiqSq siq 3uih3^ 
Xq pajouoq uotssajojd stq a^Btu ubo ubui 
a'j3a;.j -51UBJ puoaas s^bi jmav iJtp Avojqi 
oi doois jo ssuojp 9.ib oq.w asoqi spqA\. 
'iioiiBiuiisasii ut XipulBj ssli qiAv uosjad 
pa)jBaq-pt.iaqq *aiia3.tau3 sq; puB 'sSpnf 
aqi st oqqnd aqx '1H ijBads 01 Suidoois 
Xq idaaxa utsqi jo pB3qB jiasjnoX ind 

A"BA\ AJ3AS UI pUB '3J01U ApillS 'SUOIJlSIlp 

-ui ajotn aq 'Xsqi UBqi XpjBiua[iua3 a.iora 
aq 'rasqi mBi-ino 'uiaqi 3iUAV-ino 'tusqi 
op. ino inq 'Xjpjjaqq uatuuad jaqiojq \\v 
IBsji A*«s 3AV 'titiu auo aiuos uodn 
A"q it qtuqa 0} ipuqt suosjad paiqSts-iJOqs 
iaX 's.iaqio jo [\\ Sui^Hads Xq sb X[3Jns 
jo isbj os tiMop j[ssuitq qnd UB3 suo o^j 
■siBasadsp att sSttpqi qB 3AoqB stq-} !3S[a 

aUO SUIOS UAVOp rilUAJ.l 31E11SS3J3U }OIt S30p 

ujoq s,3uo Samoia -pBojojj auo jspno[ 
B joj nooi }OU qiAV avsj ssoqi uoas 'ps.ttoiq 
1[3AV st aiuoq }B ujoq aq; ji puB femoq }B 
Haji sb X[JB3ii op ubj otpw. pBOjqB o3 
ttaj a ia A ayiiasuou st qoiqjft jo \\v 'Xb.ub 
s.qiut gi sdsqjad sjaqio jo snopjal" sjb oqA\ 
siuos jo Aioun 3^ -3UIEJ o} qunp 0} sjtd 
-si: 980qi Xq ps.ispisuoo 3q Xbui Xaqi 
liiqi siutq as3qi ino MOJqi s^V 'pBOjqa 
3UIBJ UlAV o} 3u;Xji Xq UBqi aioui iiibS 
I(ia\ aq 'uoissajojd stq ui usm }B3j3 b st aq 
ji:i|i 9[d09d aqi a.iuiAUOj ubj oq jt 'aattds 
ii:qi uiqijii puB '}a3 ubj aq autoaut 
qB tuiq 3uuq 0} 'paiEAtqna jpAV jt 'sjubi 
-iqEqut qSnouB sjb uBunrad Xub jo santu 
09 "!iIHA\. "^0jj9 aqi qjJOAv iou st lyauaq 
aqi Xbs XpiJ} una ba\ qans \\v o% }nq 'uoi} 
-Bindaj aptAi b uib3 oi \tvt[S aq ppiOM oqA\ 
asoqi aatt a.iaqx *puiA\ jo a}SBA\ aqi Xjusnl? 
iou ppio.w. ijoj.|3 aqi 'Xj}uno3 aqi 
J9A0 p-lliaq aq O} X.t} auo pjnoqS U9A3 JOJ 
'j9AaAioq 'spunoq uiqqAV idaif aq pjnoqs 
H Jjupqi 3j\y -ujoq s.auo 3u;,uojq '}i ubo 
saaqjo sb .10 '3oiBt)J9ApB-jpB jo aanoBid 
3qi 3}B30ApB s^ "A'lqtqB puB aauBiJodtai 
s.atio p3ssajduu 3q ppioqs qans pus 
'puitq }B ssop ssoq} iuojj bsuioj sa^BUt 
auo Xsuora aqx "PBOjqB snotuBj Suisq ui 
apiq s L a.iaqx -UBUiuad }B3i3 b sb papjB3 
-a.i aq iqnoqs aij siq UI puu auiuq 
IB }nq '3}Eis CfMO s ( auo jo sjapjoq aqi 0} 
pnaiza naAa jou 'apt w-piioA\. aq iou paau 
aiuiif siq 'aiux 'snonntj aiuoaaq 0} a.uj}S 
ppioqs iIiqsuBtuuad jo |j«3i|i jo jno Xauout 
s.iqEtn oipw .iaqjB3} jo UBinuad XJ9A3 

jadBd b qans joj uoipiaqqnd jn aaiqd it 
se ^jo_a avs^ jo sqodojiaat aqi Xq paiayo 
833BlUBApB XUBtU 3qi JO A\3IA uj 'isoa 

pjuoiiqapB inoqijAi jsdsd sqi SAiaosj hia\ 
'anssi sun MOjaq paAisoaj aasA\. 
■ qns ssoqx '1$ jo }di33SJ uo sbsj]> 
-pB Xub 0} ;uss aq \\\\\ TVNaaof sqi sjninj 
sqi ui -s}uaa SAy-XittaAv} Xjuo sjaquas 
-qns ajninj 01 aatjd aqi BOUBApB oi psppap 
aABq 3AV ''tVNUQOf aqi jo }soo aqi asBSja 
-ui X(iE3i3 qiA\ Sui.\Bj3ua jo uoi}ippB aqi 
q3iioqnv '}JB jo japjo q2jq b jo aq {{tin 
's.iaq}0 jo usd 3i[} uiojj 'uoisiAJsdns siq 
q3nojqi 'jo usd st.q iuojj jaqqs 'ivsanof 
sqi qiiAY ssujod JSAS}BqAV puB 'pjjoav aqi 
ui.tSABj3ua isiiJB-U3d Xub Xq paTjBnbs iou 
si diqsuBmusd iiijsnjn riuunpojdsj ui saua 
-usdxa.soiuv 'jojd -qjoAinadjo b8uiabj8 
-ua tnjiitiBaq qSuojqi ssauaAiiaBjiiB sji oi 
ppB oi sn sjqBua \\i\\. qajqM 'jadBd jno jo 
uopBaqqnd aqi ui sn qjiA\. psiBpossB a\ou 
st 'ijio^ Ava^j jo 'sauty x I9! n «a 'jo-tj 

■paAOJdnil X[lB3.l3 

sq 3Jii}nj in urn tv."Janof ihv s^'JVMsaj 

sqi iBqi suoJiEd s.ui}nj pin; }ti3S34d Jtio 0} 

aauuouuBdAv ajiisBa[dpui;apudqiiM8iii 

'IVXtmOf 3H1 30 3HnXf}3 3HX 

-pB04agOS , ' IVHano f iia: VS,KYHsai*BB.9j;ppv 

■saipui ot- x 8o 'aotiibij pjmnaiaaQ aSjBj oqi 
qsiujnj qiAV 3A\ 'sjaqu.isqns Man asjqi JOtf 
'saiput t-ixti '3uiabj3u3 jo spaqs uam 
-pads g jo Isaqaut ss x 8I 'aiBayiiJao aStsu 
■xm\1 aqi Issqaut 6o x Sl 'p-ioaaa XpiuBj aqi 
tsaipui 8S x oS 'JQXbjj s.pjoq; aqi lazts ut 
saqsut 8S X S3 'ssbjSojj jo ajnpij iBiutia} 
-U33 aqx :paqsi[qnd J3A3 dtUSUBUlusd JO 
susuipads aAipBjUB pun pajjsd is-oni 3qi 
3UOUIB8I ipii[A\jo q;iE3'Muoiii!.iqqnd3ui.ttoi 
-joj aqi jo 4*qtp jo Xdoa aittnra-OBj b [ibiu 
ujnpjXq qsjuinj [hjas 9Av'3j3atBopuj ''ivn 
-uaof aqi 01 sjaquasqus a\su oa\} jo saiuBii 
aqi sn puss \\\f&. uosjsd Xub ox 

•UBUiuad AttB 0} 

uonduasqns s.jbsX b jo aDtjd sqi q}JOA\ sq 
HI* jsqutnu 3j3uis aqx "^JOA* pijunuaci 
qii.w psuuisnii! A'nBJsqq aq \\ito puB '3ut 
-pBsq inBSsp ub qiLtt. JBsdds qjM jaqTntiu 
ixau jno *XB[ap qamu 00} inoqitAV iva 
-a.iof aqi oi suoiiippB JosuoiiBjaqB Xub 
jo itinpB o} 31BJ 00} pa}aajj3 ussq }snf bbii 
Hi3iua3tnijJB ittssajd aqx -sjaqiunu ajninj 
3uin:j)sn|p Ui pasn 3q qui IBqi qHssqijo 
uauitasds b bi 'satny -jojj jo nad sqi uiojj 
'anssi stqi }uas iuaina[ddns aqx 
■£X3K37<IJflS 3H1 

zi«r 'iiaav 'mhoa avbm 



•n^risE'HiXior jjhtw s.Jsr^riTTJsnaica: 


India Ink and How to Csc II. 


I of var 
..lly betfl 

; .■ 

two and lis tnehOT long ind '■<"-> igth to 

one-half Incha CMcfc Thaw are throe 

. ,,. bloe and black. To use 

. i ulihiij;! one end of a 

,, djnpa ol trater till the requi- 
site thfckneM ii produced. Thta ink is 
and with ii any <!■ - 

pi , ,,: ,;..; ..... , .,., bl produced. For 

delicate woA 11 ia b««l to nee the ink very 
Uti r Hi" Bret coal It applii d, go 

,,.,. | || ■... |th a darkei ihada til] the blend- 
. qi i ,i to rait in the shading of 

.,i. . ■.■ ,i .i< igni ii gives a 
bi ■:iui i in i i fleet, and with practiee one will 

IOOH I" ftuililiai With iisi]iialitic8and 

ii e i d I ling shades with this ink 

fine i ratebei or tinea should be made, and 
then a quick brush of the little finger over 
them, will imooth them down to resemble 

i be bh thnei ■ of bruehwork. In tiii* 

UMii, the finger and pen should work to- 
gethei , a fen scratohee thru, a brush with 
the finger, being careful to not work too 
but in pen drawing of bird 
use a brush and wash the design over with 
pale Ink, and then go over II with darker 
ink and pen and finger till every part is 
nicely shaded and rounded. The ends of 
Bcrolls and sometimes the whole of a cen- 
tre or opening of a BcroU ia washed with 
the pale Ink. En lettering, India ink i& 
irerj u i fill not only In producing very 
hliuk letters but in shading beside them. 

In I .hi text and old English, when 

made with a quill, a pale Bhade iE le bj 

drawinga bio;id lin.' uiit-idf of the upper 
or lower aide of the letter, with thequil] 

pen and pale India Ink, then before it 

dries take up th.- ink with a blotter. ThiB 

li'HM-- ,i |ir:nititnl - ■ 1 1 : i ' I « :ind il tittle |>r;it'- 

tice will enable one to do nice work. In 

forming an and other letters, a neat 

pale shade is produced beside them by 
using the ink with a tiny brush, keeping 
the whole of the shadi wel till il is com- 
pleted then taking off tin- ink with a 
blotter. This will keep the shade uniform 


ihrtde when II gets dry. In forming clouds 
and other work, washing or lapping over 
each shade, with each time a darker ink, 

Mill produce a nice effect India inlr may 
be erased by rubbing with a hard rubber. 

Bngllah and Other Foreign Flourishing. 
A lew years aince we enjoyed a rare 
ileal m looking over a large collection of 
rare penmanship by English and other 
pi omen Uonj ■>)' the specimens were 
several hundred years old, and exhibited 
the fancj of then- author* in a host of 
waj i In ornamental work was chiefly 
Bi ahing of borders, of a very elaborate 

naliiie, in \\ I mil :iiiiin:ils ami anvils, holies 

ami birds were mingled. The flourishing 

ol large lions, leopards, horses, cats, dogs, 

lissards, anakea, and in fact every living 

■ ed to bave b< en brought Into 

u.-e, Tln-si- d* ~:-ii- urir liis.1 outlined and 

then filled in with continuous flourishes. 
Man} designs were flouriahed with a black 
ink, and then the whole design was washed 
over with a pale red, blue orgreeuink, 
■ uovi i v el attractive appear- 
ance. Horses and chariots were represen- 
ted as flying through the air, ami lionsnnd 

■ i onflicl 51 rge 

and the dragon, a piece of work thai was 
much flourished twenty years ago, was ol 
the Bngtish style ; al 

us Rightmyer, twenty-five years 
ago, ws ol thi i D| liah style In the old 
countries the same atyle still prevails 
which we learn ii.. m an examination of 

i dish and French work at the 

Che Italian capitals of the 

presi hi .M. . . .,: foreign de- 

atgna I'niii w diiains and Cowley became 

■ Eperts in ornamental skill, and 

the present American BtylflB) 

we followed the I aglish. Now we rarely 
uid the dragon, with 

great gashes cut m the dra-.ui and red ink 

daubed on to , ..pre-, i,t 1.1 ! i 

iug lion with bl I dropping from his 

tongue. The foreign style of flourishing 

vaa done « ith a conl u motion, arid 

the pen only lifted to take mon 

was therefore much more rapid than oui 

present style Williams' off hand eagle 

ami swan, and OUT present j'lill pens are 

modifications of the English. In plain 
writing nearly all the principle- u-.-d t-i 
day were used hundreds of years since 
and are shown in old works. Styles have 
changed wonderfully. The Ami I 

ib now adopted in the government bcI Is 

of Great Britain, which will gradually 

supplant their angular hand of the present 

ii I si i s to Correspondents. 

Every person who has any experience 
in the newspaper business knows that 

many a good article sent to the press tor 
[»ublicat(..n is ni-ivs'.-arily reject. 'd, ft "in the 
-In . i ini;".--ibilitv of uiira vcli ng 1 he chi- 
rography. The m's and n's. u's, i's and r's 
have Mn h u loving niTui it y f. n one another 
that there is no such a thing as unclasping 
them long enough for identification. It is 
a mooted question as to who will be 'eld 
responsible for the irrepressible anathemas 
of many a jaded printer, while wrestling 
hopelessly with a mystical continuity of 
undecipherable hieroglyphics. Anything 
in the wide world but a bootless tilt with 
pothooks! The stone of Sisyphus, or the 
waters of Tantalus, are nothing when com- 
pared with it. A thoughtful observer 
would have the conclusion forced upon 
him that there were successful schools de- 
voted to the art of anti-penmanship, and 
well patronized besides. Might it not be 
wise for the bureau of education at Wash- 
ington to issue an edict compelling every 
man, woman and child in the common- 
wealth to write a legible hand? In case 
thej fail to act, we call upon "the society 

for the prevention of cruelly !'■ animals" 
to take the matter in hand. It will not do 

to Blowly murder typos at their cases, oi 

kill otf the editorial fraternity by inches. 

Then- are a few simple rules which all 

newspaper correspondents should observe. 

Not the least of these rules is the fre- 
quently reiterated request to write plainly, 
and only on one side of the paper. They 
should also remember that brevity IS the 
soul of wit and the substance of all com- 
munications, and write only the news .>f 
then respective localities, as briefly and as 

comprehensively as possible. The mimes 

of Individuals and places, especially ,shou Id 
be written so distinctly that no mistakes 
in that respect could occur. In this con- 
nection we venture to recall Hood's perti- 
nent suggestions in relation to this sub- 
ject lie says: "Buy the best paper, the 
best ink. the best pens, and then sit down 
and do the very best you can; do SB thi 
school boys do, put out your tongue, and 
take pains. So shall ye happily escape 
the rash rejection of a furious editor, and 
the heartfelt invocations (?) of the con,- 

positor, and fortunately avert those aw fa] 

mistakes of the press, which, at times, 
ruin ii poet's sublimcst effusion, by panto- 
miniieally transforming his roxr* into nose*, 

his angtU into angles, and his Iwppinen into 
pappinm." j i i 

Penman's Art Journal. 
Prof. Hinman, principal of the Pottsville 
Business College, is Dublishinga monthly 
paper, entitled the Fmman' 4 Art Journal, 
intended especially for those who teach or 
feel an interest in penmanship. It is a 
model of typographical neatness, and its 
admirably adapted to the in- 

fill or Back numbers. 

lumbei ol I be Jot as u is ex- 
hausted, the demand for specimen copies 

and from siib:-rnhers greatly exceeded our 
We shall issue several hun- 
dred more for April, and will mail sample 

c ipies this month for two letter stamps. 

brief aii i b ol l sell i - and others. 

Bookxkepxi 1 'i >mri a college without a 

hi.uiue .me W l ■ j i i i -in. it vim Hi ii (,'rtod selinol 
which can be bought for :'■'">. thai pays iupruprle- 

[F YOl" WANT ii ti ■(i.-ti.T in ! Vim unship, win. i 
ills.. qunlilRil in [ 1'ilimm's - v-leiii of i-hur 
mud. iiinl linil ii Idiik '. x i-eiieu.-e as a U-tieher ia [In 


Not Engraved "Work. 

1 ' 'l IiHl'c tli.iinsta.-il 1 I .I-''. K. pliant 

scud iM IK) 1-tir nttiiiuiii !.. in-Led H.r-1 '.'nil 

s p s 

f Q PINE wi. 

\£ 18 ceut.s Ne 1' 

Ay lit* Outfit if. . .-:", els.. HN.I ,1, 


AIM'S, |.| , 1 i l(L |ity Bristol, 
scroll, i ml v in i Liu-. 
igns. THY ME. 

Wivm i» -AriluaUon a 
in. i. nil Ml l.ltcran Cull. 

ONLY, by one who is at pro 

t\ 00: 13 cents each. 


i will s - -i i « i u very ari 

i iimiiii hereby 




have made penmanship a profession. 
amateurs who practice the art for their 
own amusement. Prof. Hinman is not 
only a skillful practical penman, but has 
made tho theory and science of correct 
writing the study of his life, and can tell 
almost everv one a good deal about pen- 

s% . I ■ . : 

flattering s 

— RiUwvUU Standard. 

aud 1 




The iii.i-t PiiAi-rn ml and COUPLETS TKXT-BOOK BVCX 


C piled from actual bnatncfl free fromabmrd 

theorit — .tad u r run ^ >l lur l'n*< th ,\i. in-iniiinni 


For tin- .'..nvoi.uiue ..f nchoolaof different crades 
i in. I in Uin-i- [inn- viz 
' ommercial and Counting House. 


Tht-s. Iii>..k i y (l large niim- 

■■' 'i 1L . IrHilinc [lieui..-.- I 'nilt-y.-' ni).i arc iniu- 

iii iht'lilulicMt It- rue bv fin .in i in.- i.i i i^ihIkts 

--- "i- Mildishor. 



Elegant Copy Slips. 

The set i.-niisi^t^ i- r i.e. nipiis divided into four 
series, and graded to suit nil Hn^i.-.-- uf learm-rs, 
from the lji't;lniier to the ornanienlal pL-nuiati. 


Consists of th« s-mnll alphabet urangnd In a din- 
OTiiiii or scale or spaces, fore-nnu t-xeivist's, plmu 



la prepared especially f t ladlea who dei 
quire a uennti ui hand tor corroen lence 

■ii had flfty 

liii^hly are they 

The entire set, toet'thui 
sent by return nun), m m 
s..iiil lur rt^culs' cin-nliii'. 

D. L. Mrs=ELM.\ 

ii the itAiinn capltala aloue.i 
ledbj penmen. 

iook of itistnii'ticitiK. 


D. L -_ 
(iem City Bu>ines.s Polu-t-f. (julnry, 

T H1 

i tii'Miiniiii i'iu.1 \\..i:. - 

■ by ; 



205 Broadway, V T 
wliat Penmen Waot. 

On receipt "l"iirin > in | ' ■, . t post] I 

NiBiic *l.ftl; a speuimi-n sheets ul Kujiro-sMiiu. snil 

AUK I'eliliinii ,u..l I'libli-tuT, 

Agents wanted. 2rjj Broadway, N. V 

The follow inc: aie it feu <>l the y llnlti-iiiii; 

i'i- -- i In- ' ■ iii.imiiil I'ii mi'l- ill l'r<ii;ii -•. :iii.l ■ .Itn'i 

It is a f'eiiteimial rliurl illuMnil Jni.- I In ■ i 'i mi -•• • .1 
tni|.iie Wi -iiviuil. ill ul -hi hi b I !iu\r ii plai-e in evei > 

.1 1'letiire I'i. Hire <A I' 

Mlitv iiml ivnl K ,. ,,-. ;/.„, i.l 

, Alli.Ilicy Cell. Iill ul I s., Wu'-h 

mang.— Hm Atoneo Ttyt, S.Bec- 

il wort of art.— Hon It. li Brisk w 
reaaury, Waahington, D i 

Sei rvliiry I 
It I 


The conception Is urini.l. the s, ,.,,,, s ],ie-|ike mid 
thrilling, and the execution 

(erly.. Tl.r W..I 

i pielures W\,i.h have ever yel been ; : 

■ specimens from the pen ■ 

beauty of 
We have 


= r.( pen finii'tliii,'. 

mi. I iniebl 1.1-M bi- .ln^e.l i.l u Ibe '. 

&n.-H. 1 rtji,nl, Oitiii..J:i.' 

They are ma-terh ittul wntiderl'ul iihno-t l.eyuud 
credibility. -From lite Anien.-ut II. Injun. 


: ~- : ~- ■'<-' i ^-~ 

Published BConthly, at SO." Br 

y, for s*» 1 .OO per- Year. 

4..UES, Editor an.) 1 

II. 1IIN.I1 

NEW YORK, MAY, 1877. 

VOL. I. NO. 3. 

The Journal. 

Pennieu will agree that the existence nf 
au able, earnest, and independent periodi- 
ca] ilrvoted to the ait of penmanship, is 
very desirable ; it is n ready medium of 
communication, ;dike advantageous to those 
whoseek to gain, or desire to give informa- 
tion; upon that subject. Several efforts to 
establish such a periodical have been made, 
some with a considerable degree of sue- 

Professor H. W. Ellsworth of New York, 
continued for several years the publication 
oftue Writi-ng Teacher. Professor Conover, 
of Cold water, Mich., for several years 
conducted with considerable ability, and 
apparent success the Western Penman. 

Professor L. S. Thompson, teacher of 
penmanship in the public schools of San- 
dnsky, O., continued with great energy 
and ability for nearly three years the 
Teacher of Penmanship. 

In June, 1876, Professor Gaskell, of 
Manchester, N. H., began the publication 
of the Penman's Gazette, which he con- 
ducted in so able and earnest a manner as 
to give not only great satisfaction, but 
promise for permanence and Success, and 
we believe, that our own disappointment 
at its discontinuance was universally shared 
by its patrons. 

In view of this apparent demand for 
Buch a publication, and our acknowledged 
superior. location and facilities for conduct- 
ing the same, we have been led to under- 
take the publication of the Penman's Akt 
Journal. We believe that the means at 
our command are ample and uneqnaleil 
for rendering it all its readers can possibly 
anticipate, and for giving to it permanence 
and success : certainly no pains or expense 
will be spared ou our part to render it au 
interesting and attractive periodical, one 
that shall be au honor and aid to the pro- 
fession, and in which patrons shall always 
find sufficient that is descriptive and illus- 
trative of the art, to richly reward them 
for a liberal and earnest support, which we 

History of Sp°ncerian Penmanship foY, 

Twnty-five Years. 

About twenty-flve years ago the Bryant 
& Strattou college was started in Cleveland, 
Ohio, and as it was necessary to employ a 
penman, P. R Spencer, Sr., was engaged. 
After the enterprise in Cleveland had 
proven to be successful other colleges were 
started in Chicago, St. Louis and Buffalo. 
Professor Spencer then being theleaderof 
penmanship in the West, sent his sons to 
conduct the writing departments in these 
cities. The popularity of the Speucerian 
being established, Father Spencer, as we 
■will now call him, united with Prof. James 
W. Lusk, and secured the publication of 
a series of copy books, embodying the 
ideas of Hou. Victor M. Rice (a former 
associate of Spencer's), Prof. Lusk and P. 
R. Spencer, and bearing the name Spen 
ceriau. The bonks were then published in 
Buff do and yielded a small sum from the 
copyrights, which promised to increase. 
Mr. Bryant, now of Chicago, purchased a 
portion of the copyright, and, to popu- 
alrize the system, caused it to be taught in 

all the business colleges. As fast as these 
institutions were formed in diffeieut parts 
of the country, a Speucerian penman was 
sure to be placed therein, and Speucerian 
ideas were planted in the minds of all 
graduates. When Prof. Packard, of New 
York, became connected with Messrs. Bry- 
ant & Strattou the idea of publishing a 
series of Bryant & Strattou text books, 
blanks, &c, was conceived, which, pub- 
lished under a copyright held by Messrs. 
B., S. & Packard, would yield quite au 
income. In this Mr. Packard took the 
lead, and his chief interest lay in preparing 
these books, while the work of Messrs. 
Bryant & Stratton was to increase the 
number of their colleges and secure a 
greater sale of the books. Mr, Stratton 
being the active mau of the firm was se- 
curing active young men and establishing 
them in a business, reserving a good share 
of the profits for Messrs. Bryant & Strat- 
ton, whose name the college was to bear. 
These schools were rapidly formed through- 
out the country till aea i ly fi f ty were 
located in as many prominent cities. With 
the popularizing of the Spencerian system 
of writing and the increasing sale of col- 
lege textbooks and blanks, and the profits 
derived from the various schools, Messrs. 
B. & S. prospered. About the close of the 
rebellion when the success of B. & S. was 
at its bight, it was discovered that some of 
the principals of a few colleges were dis- 
honestly involving their colleges iu debt 
upon the strength of their connection with 
Messrs. Bryant & Stratton. Seeing that 
many principals were restless under the 
heavy tax they were paying to Messrs. 
Bryant & Stratton for the privilege of using 
their names, and findiug that they were 
being held responsible for the debts of 
these principals, Mr. Stratton undertook 
the work of selling out these schools to the 
local principals with the privilege of con- 
tinuing to use the firm name like an estab- 
lished trade mark. That the benefits of 
advertising a connection of schools might 
continue, the various principals formed an 
association called the Bryant & Stratton 
International Business College Association, 
Vhich is in existence at the present time. 
\Although Mr. Bryant is only interested 
in \is Chicago college, Mr. Stratton beiug 
dead many years, the Spencerian system 
of writing was everywhere taught in these 
schools. As these schools for many years 
afforded the chief employment for teachers 
of the art, aud as all must teach " Spence- 
rian," this system came to be the leading 
one among penmen, who found it policy to 
adopt, it. Mr. Bryant still retains his in- 
terest iu the copyright, having also added 
that of Mrs. Lusk some years since. 
Through the instrumentality of penmen 
connected with the chain of colleges the 
copy books became quite popular, and 
were introduced into public aud private 
schools throughout the country, and so 
generally have they been introduced that 
the teacher of penmanship nearly every- 
where finds hia work done by these books, 
and he who does not possess more than or- 
dinary ability finds it difficult to win suc- 
cess in the profession of penmanship. 

Let Your Light Shine. 
We hold to the belief that the best pen- 
muu is not the one whose execution is of 
the highest order, but the one who best 
serves mankind and others in his profes- 
sion. P. R. Spencer will ever be remem- 
bered not so much by his skill as a penman 
as by his greatness as a teacher and friend 
to t'ie profession. While the forms of 
letters which he presented to the world 
have beeu discarded in the strife between 
rival publishers of copy books, his memory 
lives in the minds of many, aud his life to 
raauy has beeu a model of goodness, win- 
ning a respect lor him almost akin to r ver- 

Another liberal penman was J. D. Wil- 
liams, oue who gave out ideas as freely as 
could be desired, and many of the best 
penmen of to-day owe much to ideas which 
he not only possessed but freely gave. 
Here and there throughout the country nre 
truly model teachers who work with a con- 
scientious faithfulness in their efforts to 
improve others, and what they know do 
not fail to impart to their pupils. The 
mere ability to execute finely does not en- 
title one to respect as a model peumau, for 
such a one is no more useful to his fellows 
than so much putty, but if with ability to 
execute there is a disposition to give to 
others a helping hand aud heart one's use- 
fulness will then be great. Not always 
are the most skilful penmen the best 
teachers. Good teaching must spring from 
the heart. There must be an ardent desire 
to benefit those under one's care aud then 
will ideas be given liberally ; also with au 
enthusiasm that does much to develop au 
earnest effort amoug students. Again, the 
country is full of youug men who are anx- 
ious to climb to excellence in skill and do 
themselves aud the profession honor, aud 
how gladly will they accept any favors 
shown them by those of more experience. 
The establishment of n penmanship journal, 
which is hound to be the greatest success 
of anything of the kind ever attempted, 
will afford ample means for all liberal 
hearted penmen to give their views. Not 
only will penmen greatly help others by 
presenting conclusions derived from their 
experience, but, by coming before the pro- 
fession, will let their light shine and win 
the respect of the whole profession through- 
out the country. It is not what one can do 
for himself, but what he can do for others 
that makes him useful and wins for him 
1 respect. 

Penmanship, Practical and Fanciful. 

The beautiful forms which may be pro- 
duced with the pen are so manifold aud 
various that many are apt to forget to use 
their skill to profit. Many who have de- 
voted years to the art have failed to realize 
till, perhaps, too late, that they had not 
made the profession of penmanship a 
financial success. With many the ambi- 
tion to excel in executing every design of 
flourishing or writing seems to overshadow 
the idea of considering the actual value of 
this ability. If penmanship is adopted as 
a profession, that profession is a business, 
and business is generally considered in the 

light of money making. However much 
penmen may admire skill, and even devote 
years to obtaining it, the time comes when 
its value will be considered iu proportion 
to the amount of money that it will 
produce. When this time comes aud 
it is seen what money value the public set 
upon one's work, then it will be seen 
that the years of patient effort have or 
have not been spent to advantage. If 
" time is money," iu what way can a large 
class of penmen prove it ? We think we 
know of many who have much more time 
than money, many even who have devoted 
years to practice in the art. Either there 
is no money in the business or they have 
failed to learn how to turn their time into 
money. There are many who consider 
that they have achieved a worthy position 
iu the profession, whose designs of birds, 
eagles, antelopes, Ac, are truly beautiful 
and filled with faultless grace. To acquire 
this and their beautiful writing, as much 
time and patieuce have been expended as 
would have gained for them a trade or 
diploma from a college of medicine. 

People generally part with their money 
in securing somethiug which they stand 
more iD need of or value more. Can it be 
said that there is a public demand for or- 
namental flourishing that is greater than 
their regard for money ? While we admit 
that once iu a while there is some one who 
buys a piece of flourishing, the largest part 
of such work is given away, but for what ? 
True, it is sometimes giveu in friendship, 
aud at others to increase one's reputation, 
yet reputation is not money. Many whose 
reputation for skill is excellent and who 
are talked of as possessing wondrous ability 
to do marvelous things with the pen cannot 
even provide the means with which to take 
the ouly journal devoted to their art. 
With many reputation is a mere bubble, 
and of as little money value. Success iu 
penmanship a," a business then can be esti- 
mated in pioportion as one can turn his 
time into money. If time is spent in ex- 
ecuting work that the public will not but, 
then such time is not money, and those 
who regard the profession as a business can 
well afford to realize this fact and profit by 
considering it. Our experience, strength- 
ened by many years of observation, leads 
us to the conclusion that the money to be 
made in penmanship comes from teaching, 
engrossing and card writing. To m ke 
teaching pay, requires ability as a teacher 
and manager. To make engrossing pay, 
requires a wondrous ability in lettering and 
designing, which could be gained in the 
few years usually spent in flourishing 
eagles, birds, Ac, and theu building up a 
trade among lodges and societies in the 
cities. To make card writing pay, there is 
much depending upon management. Pen- 
manship can then be divided into two 
classes, the fanciful and the unprofitable, 
and the practical and profitable. 



Ye Pedagogue. 

BUM Umnu d i- •■■- iv.i*«ui™*, 

■ ■ . ■ ■;■■■. 

■ ■ ' 

' ■ . ■■ 111 

■ ■ . . 


Ami II j. i ■■ 

v.i.. qM ■■■ butU U i 

i .. bra i | i ■■■■■" 


hi Day* lux |nil 

•i righto I 

l'i .liifi, true 


B Hhwitk sbalj brltlge, 

Business Colleges, and a Business College. 
Thers I ool the least doubt that the 
majority <.f ioIiooIb throughout the coun- 
try, making a specialty of tlie commercial 

br ihes, mul generally styled business 

colleges, are more worthy of encourage- 
ment and support, than they are popularly 

thought to bo. They me, to be sure, 

charged with the awful sin of extravo- 

and verbiage, In setting their claims 

before the public in too florid language, 

and it bus been mini— with what Bediment 
of truth we cannot Bay — that the circulars 
mul advertisements of Borne of them 
parade branches of study, as pertaining to 
the curriculum ami names of teachers as 
belonging to the faculty, none of which 
or whom, have any real place in the 
working maohinery of the institution. 

This is, of oourse a serious charge, and 
one which, in the present temper of the 
public concerning "reform in the civil 

nan 08," should call for investigation and 
an airing, ami while the committee is 
engaged In smiling for "persons ami 

pap< i ," it might be well to look a little 

higher. .,! lower at le;ist. a little farther, 
and take En n few sohools not included in 
the List ol business colleges: such, for 

iasbinoe, OS the private "military" and 
"classical" institutes, that dot the surface 
of our wide national domain, and make 
such a hopeful display of excellence iu the 
advertisement columns of our leading 
newspaper*. Advertising is an art, and 
Barnum is not the only enterprising 

A tOOn who has slmlied its subtleties. 

Enterprises depending for success upon 
public recognition aud favor must seek 
and obtain such recognition aud favor; 
and much as has been said of the exces- 
sive! nergj and self-laudation of business 
colleges, we orehoneat in saying, that with 
one or two exceptions, the manner of these 
institutions in plaoing their claims before 
the public, is quite as unexceptionable and 
truthful, m thai of any other class of 

].ii\ ilr euterpi ises. ^specially is this true 

of the leading college of this kind in New 

York— and we think we may say, the lead- 
ing college in tins country, Packard's 

Bo in, i .)!, ..... ol 80S Broadway. A 
to this institution has left upon 
u- the impression, thai its rounder and 
proprietor, Mr, s s. Packard, is not only 
an earnest mid capable educator, but a 
thoroughly honest wan iu his profession. 

We are sure that no intelligent parson can 

look into the workings of this immense 
establishment, and not be filled with ad- 
miration at the thoroughness and efficiency 

MS. — The school occupies the 
fourth story of the Methodist building, 
corner of Broadway and Eleventh street. 
having a frontage of seventy-five bet on 

Br Iway, and t wo hundred and twenty feet 

on Eleventh rtwet This give* ample space 

for four recitation rooms— two of which 
■ i, oe lob,- thrown together into 
"Uiblv room, capable of seat- 
ing comfortably, four hundred studeuts — 
or deportment rooms, with 
i it and desks for S50 students, a recep- 
tion room, private office, stationery room, 
and four dressing rooms. These apart- 
;l well Jighled and ventilated, 
tin n being, on the two streets aud rear 
fifty large windows. The rooms are all 
furuished iu the best style, and the com- 
fort of the students placed beyond con- 

lirr;. [I(rj 

But all this woul 1 amount to but little, 

won ||, r ...t,,r_i to rial heiv, It is an !>hs) 
thin, t" lure '.'oo.| ]■.. and buy furniture 

topul in them. The main requisite foi 

this part is m y. Or credit. It is not ai 

easy thing to establish a good school of 
any kind, money cannot do this. It can, 
indeed, do very little towards it. To 

build up a good seho >1 requires, intellig- 
ence, energy, tact, and time, and the least 
of these requisites is nol the last Time 

alone can test the genuineness of educe 
tional work. The question is not, What 
appliances are there at hand V but, What 
cau the school do for the student? The 
answer which comes to this query through 
nineteen v ears' experience of its graduates, 
has become the stock iu trade of Mr. 
Packard's enterprise ; and the necessity 
which has been hard upon him to meet the 
growing requirments of the business com- 
munity, has given to his institution the 
practical excellence, which is so apparent 
in all its workings. 

Mr. Packard is not a mere manufacturer 
of clerks and bookkeepers. The whole 
force of his processes is devoted to the 
enlargement of the student's mind, aud 
the development of its powers, iu all prac- 
tica] directions. Bookkeeping is, of course, 
the important branch of study, but even 
iln La so enforced, us to place the 
student's work beyond that of a mere 
copyist or routine clerk. Few persons' 
know of the study of bookkeeping ouly 
as it is attempted to be taught iu the 
ordinary high schools, or have any con- 
ception of the thorough training, which 
it involves, as pursued in a first-class 
business college ; aud especially iu Pack- 
ard's, where the methods are so in keep- 
ing with the after duties of the students, 

It is impossible, iu the short space at 
our disposal, to speak in detail of the 
workings of this institution ; aud such was 
not our purpose iu begiuing this article. 
We only hoped to so interest our readers, 
aud the lrirnds of education in general, as 
to induce some of them to take the oc- 
casion aud the time to look carefully into 
the workings of a business institution that 
is meeting its full requirements. Whoever 
will visit Packard's College iu this spirit, 
will be amply repaid for their trouble. 

Elocution aud Penmanship. 
It is often said, that "manners make 
the man," and it might nlso be well said 
that manners make the penman. It is 
true, that in a large degree mauy of the 
most successful professional penman are 
polished gentlemen, aud possess an intel- 
lectual bearing, which goes far to promote 
As penmanship ia an art 
and its possession an accomplishment, it is 
quite fittiug that those especially who are 
teachers of the art, should possess the 
power of presenting the subject to others 
in a pleasing manner. To do this there is 
no preparation which will belter, develop 
this ability, thau thorough training and 
elocution, Not a few of the profession 
lized this fact, and htve given 
the subject much study. Penmanship 
being a bruuch of education, there is 
an interest taken in it by all, and i toa 

^persons joiu the cl 
hard for little pay, 

in constant failur 

sions are frequent where the teacher of 
penmanship has to appear before audi- 
ences, it is all important that in language, 
and gesture, there should be an ease and 
freedom, which all can possess through 
good training in elocution. Much that 
appears to us as refined manners, is often 
gained through study and training, and as 
the teacher is often studied well before 
he is patronized, it is well that he should 
possess a knowledge of how to render 
himself agreeable, not only iu a social chat, 
but before an audience of educated persons. 
In the study of elocution it is best, if 
possible, to be under the tuition of a good 
teacher ; yet when this is uot convenient, 
great aid may be obtaiued from books, of 
which there are many good ones before the 

Honor Your Profession. 
How many times we are told (words 
familiar to many) "I would give a hun- 
dred or a thousand dollars to be made to 
write like that." This seems to be the 
value that mauy persons put upon the pos- 
session of a good handwriting. Some cau 
see how they could advance their salaries,. 
others how they could win admiration, 
others how they could make penmanship 
a profession, others regard it of great value 
as an accomplishment. It is an art ad- 
mired by all, yet possessed by few. It is 
rare and mauy regard it valuable, but do 
teachers regard it so ? Here comes to our 
town a teacher of writing who proposes to 
organize a class. An announcement is 
made in the paper, and fathers and moth- 
ers cousider the idea of sending their sons 
aud daughters. Circulars are distributed, 
and carefully read — twelve lessons for two 
dollars, including pens, ink and paper ; 
each aspirant is expected to bring a caudle. 
It can't amount to much, says the mother. 
He seems not to consider lm ability worth 
much, says the father. The teacher calls, 
shows his specimens aud talks of the im- 
portance of a good handwriting ; he shows 
his list, which seems to be barren of the 
wealthiest people of the place, and of 
course gets "no" for an answer. A few 
sand the teachei 
d goes to thenej 


■ works 

by really 

teachers who do not know how to win suc- 
.vss. Most teachers who charge two dol- 
lars for twelve lessons and even include the 
candle, think that the public do not appre- 
ciate peumansLip nor perhaps think much 
of wrUink teachers. 

Such persons charge say ten cents per 
dozen for writing cards, and wonder why 
ladies will go and pay double the amount 
for printed ones, which are not half as ar- 
tistic, but with a sigh they say, " such is 
life," and truly "such is life " with many.* 
In this country and the world over people 
are accustomed to regard a thing valuable 
in proportion as they have to pay for it, 
and they regard a teacher's services as val- 
uable much as he seems to indicate by the 
price he puts upon them. To many the 
fact of a thing being cheap is the worst of 

recommend atious. 
ner for a hotel in 
nearly ruined a bvt 
depots and crying, 
Commercial House, 


a western town who 
uess by standing at the 
" Here's yer bus to the 
the cheapest house iu 
the city." Travelers avoided him, and the 
proprietor did not learu for mouths what 
the matter, when we in a friendly way 
put the case to him, as we are now trying 
to do to teachers of writing. He painted 
bus " aud changed the name of his 
hotel, empl >yed a well-dressed runner who 
This way, gentlemen, to the St, 
Clair, the best and ouly first-class house in 
Good prices were asked, aud 
patronage and prosperity began at ouce. 
First-class people are ever ready to pay 
well for that which they know is first-class, 
accustomed are they to pay good 
prices for what they bay, that anything 
regarded as inferior. How quickly 
would doctors or lawyers ruin their prac- 

tice by chargiugtweuty-five aud fifty cents 
for fees, and how ofteu do ordinary pro- 
fessional men rise rapidly into popular 
favor and respect who appear to value their 
knowledge aud skill aud charge hieh 
prices. In the town in which we now are 
writing, various teachers of penmanship 
have visited in yenrs past and with cheap 
prices picked up a bare living. About 
four years since a well dressed teacber 
came here and aunonnced his prices at 
twelve dollars for one month's tuition. 
The wealthier class of the community 
joined at once, the price was such as to 
command their respect, and when the lead- 
ing people of the town recognized the 
school, the middle classes, like sheep after 
their leaders, followed, aud as a result of 
a month's work, above all expenses, six 
him lied dollars were cleared. Penman- 
ship was respected then, this teacher was 
respected, and all who joined did their 
best to improve and were abundantly sat- 
isfied. What is true in this case is true in 
all professions, he who respects his profes- 
sion and places a good [nice upon his ser- 
vices will command the respect of others 
and rise, but he who belittles his talents by 
asking low prices has himself, and uot the blanie for beiug regarded with in- 
difference aud disrespect. Many a man's 
greatness has come from his asking good, 
strong prices, aud mauy are the failures 
which are caused by offering good ability 
at a price too low to be respectable. The 
impression seems to prevail with the best 
informed people that that which is best is 
not that which is cheapest ; so in buying 
goods wheu two pieces of cloth closely re- 
sembling each other are presented, the most 
costly is chosen, as it is presumed that it 
will weay better and longer than the other 
when perhaps the ouly thing to cause the 
other to be condemned was that it was 
cheaper, and of course must be inferior. 
The porter in the sleeping car taxes twenty- 
five cents for blnckiug your boots, as he 
wel^ knows that those who patronize his 
car cau afford such prices. There are 
thousands who despise to have it kuowu 
that they buy anything cheap, aud there 
are tens of thousands who ape them, and 
when prices are charged that commaud the 
respect and patronage of the rich the pa- 
tronage of others is sure to follow. We 
know that iu the present hard times there 
are many who are merely eking out a live- 
lihood, who thiuk because they are poor 
and perhaps suffering that all others must 
be. There are thousands who live in the 
world yet do uot know what its people are. 
Those who are used to economizing, who 
find it difficult to spare money for any- 
thing, nre apt to thiuk others are iu the 
same condition, and so hope only to get 
patronage by offering the lowest possible 
'terms. Whatever professional mau takes 
this view of the public aud works accord- 
ing to it must meet with a miserable suc- 
cess. It is not people in moderate orstrin- 
gent circumstances who furuish the best 
support, and no teacher of penmanship 
who wishes to prosper can afford to bid for 
such patronage with low prices. Many 
people take great pride in buying things 
that poorer people thiuk too dear. Also 
many send their children away to school 
because it is knowu to be expensive, yet 
know that even better instruction can be 
secured at home, but it is offered so cheap 
that "common folks" cau buy it, aud 
therefore they will uot. What arguments ■ 
there are in favor of low prices we cannot 
see, and wheu we do see hundreds in the 
profession of penmanship who drag them- 
selves aud the profession into disrespect 
by educating the public into the idea that 
penmanship is a cheap thing and that 
teachers of the art dou't amount to much, 
we feel itourdutyto lay bare the folly aud 
show wherein it is ai. There are penmen 
who are making from 82,000 to 84,000 per 
year with their knowledge and skill, and 
we know that this article will be heartily 
indorsed by them. They make the public 
respect them and their profession as first- 


class lawyers and doctors do, and when the 
profession everywhere stop doing a catch- 
penny business Find charge prices that will 
command respect, then will all penmen 
win prosperity who are energetic und de- 

Success and Failure in Penmanship. 

In my previous article, I showed how 
many fine penman were poor teachers of 
the art. through lack of other necessary 
qualifications ; far bo it from me to have 
it inferred, however, that Excelsior should 
not he the motto, whether it be as a teacher 
of penmanship, or in any other useful pro- 
fession. Let no teacher of this delightful 
art rest contented with his present or past 
achievements ; but upward, and onward, 
should be your watchwoid, remembering 
thateuergy, and an indomitable put pose to 
succeed, are the levers that move the world. 
Lack of energy and perseverance, has caused 
failure in many noble undertakings. I recall 
one instance in particular, the most con- 
spicuous of any that I recollect. While 
attending the seminary at G., aud teach, 
ing several private pupils in penmanship, 
in Northern New York, in 1857, there was 

a young man by the Dame of A , who 

was surely the mnat gifted young mathe- 
matician, that I ever met. If our regular 
teacher of mathematics happened bo be 
away, ho knew he had a well posted substi- 
tute in the person of young A , who 

was at home in either arithmetic, algebra, 
geometry, or trigonometry. Every person m 
the seminary that was acquainted with him, 
predicted a most brilliant career for young 

A , rivaling any mathematician in the 

State of New York, or perhaps the United 
States, but mark the fact, instead of 
standing at the head of mathematics, what 
was my chagrin and astonishment, this 
very year, to recognize in liini, one among 
the many of that grand army of tramps 
which call at my door for food — a 
beggar. His history was a brief one- 
he had relied almost exclusively ou the 
natural genius he possessed, ami thought 
it sufficient, without one single olher 
qualification, and hence he had failed and 
grew dissipated. Then it should be 
stamped indelibly upon the mind of 
every young man and be remembered, 
both early and late, by all who would 
succeed in penmanship, as well as any- 
thing else, that if wo wish to have true 
success, honest, Jiomedad, old fashioned in- 
dustry must be courted; no success without 


I !„!>.„ 

t as one of the chief elements of 
a successful teacher, to be a good ofl'-hand 
speaker. He will thereby be enabled to 
present his subject in an attractive man- 
ner ; not a few penmen have failed for 
the luck of this very necessary qualifica- 
tion. To be a thorough judge of human 
nature, is another very essential qualifica- 
tion, most especially for a traveling teacher 
of penmanship. This cannot I e learned but 
by long experience, and tin 
the less will bo his own coi 

We have 

many young 

who considered 

themselves excellent penmen, before taking 
lessons of an experienced teacher of 
penmanship, to blush at their stupid con- 
ceit, and be heartily ashamed of their first 
specimen of writing. The first gr 

should learn, is that he 

son a young 

knows nothing, and that the world cares 
nothing for him. Many might become 
wise if they did not consider themselves so 
already, was a maxim of Dr. Franklin, 
which would be well for the thousands of 
young men about to start in life, to read 
often, pause and reflect upon its signifi- 
cance. One of the greatest causes of failure, 
in my opiniou, is the sudden desire to 
acquire greatness, wealth, or education, 
without the proper efforts. In these days of 
steam and telegraph every thing must be 
done with a rush and a jump, aud 
whatever promises success is welcome as 
just the thing. If a penman offers to 
teach a class in twelve lessons 

they could learn in five years by proper 
ercise under a good teacher, he is hailed by 
this class of persons to be the grand reformer 
of the age, and not until many of these 
persons have lost their money, and found 
that they learned little or nothing, that 
they could not have readily learned, by a 
far more reliable, and better teacher, 
have they^a realizing sense of the Bheer. 
and absurd folly, of trying to accomplish 
impossibilities. One of the greatest causes 
of failure in acquiring wealth, is the ardent 
desire to make something out of nothing. 
So also in education, it is utterly impossi- 
ble to accomplish anything without loDg 
continued labor. The patience, and per- 
severance of the Germans as a class, have 
made their schools and colleges models of 
success, and celebrated throughout Europe 
and America. Had they the restless, 
dashing impatience of students of many of 
our American schools, they could not succeed 
or build up those splendid institutions of 
learning, which have increased, and grown 
stronger for centuries. 

It is a fact that cannot be denied, that 
the possessor of a good business hand- 
writing, has an accomplishment of which 
he may well be proud, and with the other 
qulifieations to match, viz., temperance, 
sobriety, education, &c, his chancj of sac- 
cess is almost certaiD. Never has there been 
such urgent need of a large number of 
thoroughly qualified teachers of the art, as 
at present. Much has, aud is being done 
by maoy good penmen, but more, yes, 
tenfold more ought to be done. When 
we take into consideration the thousands 
of wretched scrawlers, many fresh from 
the school room, yes, many graduates from 
our classical centers of learning, we are 
convinced that there is work for a large 
number of penmen, not altogether among 
the ignorant, but among many who con- 
eider themselves educated. Let us have at 
least ten laborers in the field where there 
is one now, and then may wo hope for 
reformation in this essential branch of 
education. In looking over our hotel reg- 
isters, how plain it is to bo soen, that the 
vast majority are very poor penmen, and 
how very few names can we read with any 
degree of certainty. Fellow penmen, the 
good work is in our hands, many of you have 
worked years in the cause, and to you and 
your pupils the good work is left to pros- 
per or dwindle into comparative insignifi- 
cance. Let us see scores of men where 
there is scarcely one now to be seen, de- 
voting their lives to the good work, then 
shall the profession be honored of all men. 
aud rise in the respect, esteem, -nut utlmir-i- 
tinn of all mankind. To the young pen- 
men just commencing I would say, qualify 
yourselves thoroughly for the work , and you 
will find it will pay you infinitely better, 
to make it the business of life. I have had 
twenty years experience, and must say 
that it has ever been of pleasure, profit, 
aud importance to me, and I think that 
many other penmen, if they were to speak. 
could corroborate this truth as regards 
themselves, persevere to the end, and 
thousands of your pupils, will rise up and 
call you blessed, for conferring upon them 
a good hand-writing. 

' / Teaching in Business Colleges. 

, / "Students iu Business Colleges usually 
devote an hour per day, for four or five 
months, aud even longer, in practising 
writing. During this hour the faithful 
teacher imparts ideas upon the various 
errors in penmanship, aud gives hints, 
showing how to overcome them. During 
this hour many pupils work hard to imi- 
tate their copies, and many succeed well. 
One in passing through the class during 
ing this hour would be surprised, perhaps, 
to see so many who write with uniformity, 
and presenting such neat pages. As soon 
as the writing hour is over, aud book-keep- 
ing aud other branches are taken up, the 
minds, which have been absorbed in writ- 
than'ing according to rules, &0., give way to 

minds full of recording the debits and 
credits of accounts. The same pens which 
have done so well during the writing hour, 
are made to rush through the work in day 
book, journal, ledger, Ac, in a rapid anc 
careless manner, and for three or four 
hours of the day, a hasty and scrawling 
style is practised. Iu this way at least 
three hours is given to careless writing, 
and one hour to careful work. When 
students leave college, and are away from 
the daily instruct inns <>t the writing teacher, 
and no careful work is required of them, 
the careless rushing style which has been 
practiced three-fourths of the time in col- 
lege becomes at once the established hand. 
The careless practice which most students 
in very many business colleges give way 
to is largely the cause oi their bid writing 
soon after graduating. Many a teacher of 
penmanship thinks he has done his whole 
duty wheu he has given lus hourly writing 
lesson, and does not consider that three or 
four hours of careless practice while the 
students are in book-keeping, will more 
than offset the benefits derived during the 
writing hour. Teachers of bookkeeping 
as a rule are contented if a student pro- 
duces correct results, and do not make it 
a part of their special work to see that each 
written page should be a picture of neat- 
ness and good arrangement. Here then, 
there is work for the writing teacher, and 
if he succeeds in fixing good handwriting 
upon a pupil, he must not allow him to do 
careless work in his books nor anywhere 
else. A daily practice should then be 
given to examining the woik students do in 
their books, and if slovenly work is found, 
the work should be rewritten, and not 
allowed to pass until it meets the require- 
ments of the penman, as well as the 
teacher of bookkeeping. Principals of col- 
leges can well afford to require this, for as 
a result of no careless Work, all students 
will have fixed the habit of doing nothing 
but neat work, and will leave the college 
good penmen, and remain so. Every good 
penman sent out from a college is worth 
at least fifty dollars to the college, as au 
advertisement of its work, aud there is no 
reason why nearly every student should not 
goouta fine penman, if thecourse presented 
above is faithfully and persistently carried 

Teach More than One Style. 

The average standard of size in writing 
as presented iu various systems is that 
short letters should be about one-ninth of 
an inch in bight, and looped letters from 
three to four times as high. Nearly all 
the practice many teachers give their stu- 
dents is based upon these proportions, and 
when pupils are writing upon wide ruled 
foolscap or letter paper the space between 
Hues will admit of this ; but where writing 
is to be done iu the day-book, journal or 
ledger, or iu writing bills, &c, the space 
between lines being so narrow will not ad- 
mit of such large writing without giving 
the page an awkward and clumsy appear- 
ance. Iu giving a neat appearance to 
writing in books, the capitals and long let- 
ters should not occupy more than three- 
fourths the space between lines, and 
should be as simple aud plain as possible, 
and almost or quite devoid of shade. To 
write such a hand neatly requires in the 
pupil a taste and judgment which it is the 
duty of the writing teacher to develop. 

Foolscap paper should not then be ex- 
clusively used during writing lessons, but 
narrowly ruled journal and ledger paper 
should be occasionally written upon, in 
r to develop a small, neat hand suited 
to books. Many a student who can form 
beautiful headings and dash off bold and 
graceful capitals, &c, utterly fails when 
he comes to write a plain, neat hud in 
books. His writing isof the splurge order, 
and is not practical and useful. The best 
writer is not the one who cau make the 
boldest work, the smoothest lines and 
shades, but the one who presents the 
plainest and at pages, a thing which 

many who can write a name iu dashing 
style, or flourish an eagle or quill pen, 
cannot do. While it is not our purpose to 
disparage skill in auy department of pen 
art, we wish to encourage a thorough de- 
velopment of the practical and useful as of 
more importance to the teacher and the 
pupil than the fanciful. 

Something of a Village. 

world. It covers within the fifteen miles' 
radius of Charing Cross nearly seven hun- 
dred square miles. It numbers within these 
boundaries 4,000,000 inhabitants. It com- 
prises 100,000 foreigners from every quarter 
of the globe. It contains more Roman 
Catholics than Rome itself, mure Jews than 
the whole of Palestine, more Irish than 
Dublin, more .Scotchmen thau Edinburgh 
more Welshmen thau Cardiff, and more 
country-horn persons than the counties of 
Devon, Warwickshire and Durham com- 
bined. Has a liiith in it every five minutes. 
Has a death iu it every eight minutes. Has 
seven accidents every day in its 7,000 miles 
of streets. Has on an average twenty-eight 
miles of new streets opened and 0,000 new 
houses built in it every year. Has 128 persons 
everyday, and 45,000 every year added to its 
population; has 1,000 ships' and 0,000 sailors 
in its port every day ; has 117,000 habitual 
criminals on its police register, increasing 
at an average of 80,000 per annum; has 
more than one-third of all the crime in the 
country committed in it; has as many beer 
shops aud gin palaces as would, if placed 

miles; has 3S, 000 dnmkurds annually brought 
before its magistrates, has as many paupers 
as would more than occupy every house in 
Brighton ; has upwards of a million habit- 
ual neglectors of public worship-, has sixty 
miles of open shops every Lord's day ; has 
need of 000 new clmrclies and 200 additional 
city missionaries ; has an influence with all 
parts of the world represented by the yearly 
delivery in it of 238,1*00,000 of letters. 

An Editorial Brulus. 

Hear us for our debts, and get ready, that 
yon may pay ; trust us, we have need, as you 
have long been trusted; acknowledge your 
indebtedness, and dive into your pockets that 
you may promptly fork out. If there be any 
among yon — one single patron— that don t 
owe us something, then to him we say, step 
aside, consider yourself a gentleman. If 
tin- list wi-li iu know why we dun them, this 
is our answer: Not that we care about our- 
selves, but our creditors do. Would you 
rather that we went to jail, and you go free, 
thins pay your del Is und k.-ep us ni.ivinj; ? 
As we agreed, we have worked for you ; as 
we contracted, we have furnished the paper 
to you; but you don't pay us, we dun yen. 
Here are agreements for job work, contracts 
for subscriptions, promises for long credit, 
and duns for deferred payment. 

How Life Goes. 

7 years iu childhood's spurt and [day, 
7 years in school from day to day, 
7 years at trade or college life, 
7 years to find a place and wife, 
7 years to pleasure's follies given, 
7 years to business hardly driven, 
7 years for some a wild goose chase, 
7 years for wealth — a hoot-less race, 
7 years for hoarding for you: 

Skilled Penmanship. 
From tlu Nate Yvrk Corner 8tone(M<u6n(o): 
We visited the rooms of Brother D. T. 
Ames, 205 Broadway. The pleasure of in- 
specting his remarkable specimens of pen 
ir brief 

work of the pen that 
we have ever seen — and we are familiar with 
specimens of nearly all of the caligraphists 
of the present age — can approach his "Cen- 
tennial Picture of Progress,'' which in con- 
ception and fiuish is the most ingenious pic- 
torial history of our country's progress for 
the past hundred years. An inspection of 
this work, now on exhibition at Brother 
Ames", 205 Broadway, will repay any one who 
will visit bis rooms, to which all are wel- 

Brother Ames' skill as displayed in the en- 
grossing of either resolutions ur testimonials, 
is certainly unequalled, particularly in Ma- 
sonic work, which he makes a specialty of. 
The Fraternity desiring such, should visit 
!i05 Broadway. 

irvellous indeed. 


I-., i. i,-i... I Monltalr >1 ""-'Hit 
D. T. AMES, Eorroa a 

208 Bro*i1»»T. Nrw Yurk. 
HlDgle COplM Of JoCBX*l. •(■lit OB rrrrlpt ' 

i |m fumi.tied to Agent* fr 

Mill lill. IM 

■ crt['tlnii or ■ good » 

I Bpi oimcn >ii.<f<i of Engraving, e 

i no, i 

urd'n (trim nf I'Minintmhlp, ruUUa lor V>. 
Joi'llNAl, hIiiiiiIi] hercuftiT lip mldrennrri 

NEW YORK. MAY, 1877. 

A Brilliant Future for all really Skilful 
Penmen and Artists. 

The discovery and introduction of the 
several very excellent photographic pro- 
oeuea, by whidh good drawings executed 
with pen, pencil, or brush, are cheaply 
mid excellently reproduced, opens a broad 
and remunerative field for profitable labor 
to idl really skilful penmen and artists. 

Nearly all classes ot work required here- 
tofore to be engraved upon wood, stone, or 
metal, are now reproduced directly from 
Hi- drawings, in a manner to equal, and 
in many things toeioeU the highest possi- 
bilitlea of the old, more expensive, and niethodB. 

The photo-engraving upon relief plates 
for common printing, is a complete substi- 
tute for wood engraving, and in nearly all 
things is absolutely its superior, with only 
a fraction of its cost or delay ; for the 
faithful mid quirk reproduction of portraits. 
Landscapes, cuts of buildings, and es- 
pecially al' kinds of fine lettering and 
elaborate pen work, photo-engraving is 
as muoh in advance of wood engraving, as 
the locomotive is of the stage horse. 

For work requiring greater delicacy, and 
large prints, such as diplomas, certificates 
of Rtoek or membership, maps, music or 
pictures, Ac, photo-lithography is an ex- 
cellent and economical substitute for stone 
and copper engraving. For that olass of 
work which requires all degrees of minoi 
tints, such as photographs, pencil sketches, 
pointings in oil or water colors, Ac, the 
photo-plate printing gives a faithful copy 
in all but the color, which produce* only a 
different degree of light or dark shade in 
the print. 

The large and constant demand for first- 
class drawings iu all these departments, is 

sufficient to give constant work, and liberal 
remuneration to all artists really skilled in 
the use of either the pen, pencil or brush. 
In onr next issue we shall give full instruc- 
tion regardiog the best manner of execut- 
ing work, in order to secure the best 
results by either of the above described 


We don't like to apologize but we are 
obliged to do so to a few of the readers of 
our April number who found the inside 
pages printed wrong end up. It was the 
mistake of our printer, but was fortunately 
corrected before many were printed. We 
hope to avoid such mistakes in future. 

How to Teach Writing. 
The successful teacher of writing will be 
certain to set the brains of his pupils to 
work before he does their fingers. He 
will recognize the fact that the fingers can 
be skilful only as the ready and obedient 
servants of an enlightened and active 
brain, that the one can never perform 
better than the other conceives and direct-. 
He will therefore direct his first efforts to 
awakening thought and inquiry con- 
cerning the subject. This is best accom- 
plished by a skilful and free use of the 
black-board, upoo which should be care- 
fully written the copy of each exercise, 
when it should be carefully and critically 
analyzed by the teacher, before being 
practiced by the class, thus conveying 
through the eye to the mind of the pupil, a 
correct idea of the form and construction 
of the copy, which should also be written 
or engraved upon a movable slip, which 
should be kept iu close proximity to the 
pen while practicing. By skilful black- 
board illustrations the eye and mind will 
become familiarized with the correct forms 
and construction ot letters and writing, 
and when thus in the miud there exists a 
clear and perfect conception of writing, 
the Augers, with proper instruction regard- 
ing position, movements, &o. t will very 
soon acquire thi> reqisiu- skill for transcrib- 
ing it upon paper, nor will they soon lose 
that power, since a perfect copy for imita- 
tion will always be present in the miud, 
while the pupil, who by much practice, 
with little study, may become skilful at 
imitatiug a good copy so long as it is 
before him, will at once lose that power 
when the copy is removed. Teachers who 
look for permanent success, must therefore 
make a free use of the bUck-board. 

Are Good Writers Bad Spellers- 
It seems to be a very prevalent idea 
that good writers are notoriously bad spel- 
lers ; that they are more so than any other 
class or profession we do not believe. This 
mistaken idea comes from the fact that 
good writers impart to each letter a perfec- 
tion of form, which renders every error in 
spelling very conspicuous ; while bad 
writers, who employ such imperfect and 
doubtful forms for letters as to often 
render their identity uncertain, and their 
legibility impossible, except from their 
context, happily escape the odium of being 
bad speller*. 

Photo -Engraving. 

The headings and illustrations of the 
Journal are printed from cuts reproduced 
by the Photo -En graving Company of this 
city, from our own drawings. Whatever 
may be the opinion of our readers respect- 
ing their artistic merits, we are certain 
they will agree iu prnounciug the engrav- 
ing to be of a high order of excellence. 

The degree of perfection to which this 
company has attained in producing fine 
relief plates ur der the supervision of Mr. 
Moss, the inventor and superintendent 
of their process is astonishing, and we 
believe to be unequaled elswhere. 

Read our premium list and then send us 
two names w ith $2, and tell us which of the 
premiums you would like to receive by 


Our old friend, William Allen Miller, 
who has for several years post been at Pat- 
erson, N. J., is back at his old post with 
Prof. Packard at the Packard Business 
College, 805 Broadway. We congratulate 
both, one for again securing the service of 
so earnest and competent an instructor, the 
other for having so worthy and distin- 
guished an employer. 

Prof. C. H. Pierce, superintendent pen- 
manship department of city schools, 
Keokuk, Iowa, has established a " Normal 
Writing Institute " in that city, which ap- 
pears to be in a flourishing condition. We 
commend the plan as set forth iu Prof. 
Pierce's circular to the consideration of 
other superintendents of writing in public 

The very excellent specimens of pen- 
mauship executed by P. B. Spencer, Jr., 
and H. W. Flickenger, which were on ex- 
hibition at the Centennial, are now on 
exhibition at the publishing house of 
Iviaon, Blakeman, Taylor & Co., in this 
city. All lovers of beautiful penmanship 
should see them. 

Prof. J. T. Knauss has recently pur- 
chased from Prof. Thomas H. Stevens, the 
United States Institute of Business and 
Finance, at Easton, Pa. Prof. Kumiss is a 
splendid penman, and no doubt will be 
popular aud successful in his new enter- 
prise. He certainly has our best wishes. 

Frof. Geo. W. Ryau, of Towauda, Pa., 
receives a very kind word in a letter ad- 
dressed to us by one of his former pupils. 
It is well deserved, as we know from ob- 
servation and the testimony of mauy other 
of his pupils, that Professor Ryan is one of 
our really successful teachers of writing. 

Prof. H. C. Wright, principal of 
Wright's Business College, Williamsburgh, 
is enjoying a good degree of success, 
which is well deserved. Prof. Wright is a 
good teacher and a courteous gentleman. 

We received a call a few day6 since from 
H, W. Bearce, who is a rising young pen- 
man. He is now having considerable suc- 
cess teaching writing classes at Newburg, 
N. Y. 

Prof. I. S. Prestou receives our thanks 
for a bottle of his superior ink. For fine 
copy writing and off hand flourishing it is 

Stimpson, the veteran expert in hand- 
writing, may be consulted at 205 Broad- 

* Prof. B. F. Kelley, having been the re- 
cipient of a valuable present from his 
pupils in a private school of this city, after 
appropriately thaukiug them, made the 
following lettered reply : "May you all be- 
come capital men, always found at the head 
line, and never reaching the lower extension. 
May you be busy as B's in every good 
cause, and never get half C's over. May 
you keep your consciences at E's, and your 
eyes upon a mark much higher than the 
flight of the J's, that you may escape 'L. 
May you never O any one, but be a P. Q. 
li It. people zealous of good works. May 
you dnnk nothing stronger than T, aud 
may TJ sometime ask some one to W 
with another X actly as Y Z as yourself, 
and may you then advance beyond the 
alphabet to the syllables " ba-be-by," and 
ever be in a much more flourishing condi- 
tion than your humble teacher of pennian- 

A Fine List for Subscription. 
It is safe to say that on an average there 
is at least one person skilled or interested 
in penmanship to each of the sixty thou- 
sand post-oflices in tho United States and 
Canada, who ought all to be subscribers to 
the Journal. This does not include a 
very much greater number of pupils and 
teachers in public and private schools who 
would rind the Journal an interesting and 
profitable visitor. 

[Under this head we shall in each issue - 
notice with appropriate remarks, all credit- 
able specimens of penmanship, plain or 
ornamental, which have been received 
during the previous mouth.l 

S. Madarasz, San Antonio, Texas, seuds 
vis some handsomely written cards ; also a 
finely written letter. 

W. A. Chess, ofBowersville, Mich., an 
enthusiastic admirer of the Spenoerian, 
writes a free, graceful hand. 

We have received a very creditable spec- 
imen of pen drawing from Walter L. 
Garthwait, Elizabeth, N. J. He is n prom- 
ising young penman. 

W. L. Dean, penman at Wyoming Com- 
mercial College, Kingston, Pa., seuds us a 
very easy, graceful piece of ofl'-hund flour- 
ishing aud a beautifully written letter. 

We have received a fine medley of pen- 
manship from Prof. H. C. Kendall, 2(i 
Essex street, Boston. Prof. Kendall is 
among the best of New England penmen. 

Mr. George Stimpson, Jr., the well 
known round baud writer and professional 
expert on hand writing, favors us with 
sever; 1 superior specimens of round hand. 

Prof. J. F. Davis, principal of the Com- 
mercial College, Williamsport, Pa., called 
upon us a few days since aud exhibited a 
skilful specimen of his handicraft in a 
d^si^u which he intends publishing. 

E. A. Hall, Logansport, Iud., not only 
sends us a very neat specimeu of flourish- 
ing, but proof that he is sensible. He 
says, " The Penman's Art Journal is the 
most sensible work of the kind yet pub- 
lished, to my thinking." 

Prof. H. Russell, of Joliet Business Col- 
lege, writes a handsome letter, and that is 
not all, as our readers wdl observe by re- 
ferring to our reading columns. Proi. 
Russell is one of our live penmen, a suc- 
cessful teacher aud a good business man- 
ager. _^_ 

We have frequent requests from those 
sending us speeimeus for specimens from 
our pen in return. To many this doubtless 
seems a very reasonable and proper re- 
quest, but if they reflect for a moment how- 
great a number would be required from us 
aud that to execute specimens to do us 
credit takes considerable time, they will 
perceive how utterly impossible it is for us 
to comply with such requests: U. do so 
would consume all our time ; who would 
run the Journal ? Don't ask us. 

Will it Pay to Subscribe for the Journal ? 
We say, yes ! You cannot afford to do 
otherwise. And why ? Because we know 
that we can and will send you a paper worth 
many times more than the price charged 
for it, and it always pays to buy a thing at 
less than it is worth, provided it is what 
you want. That which will add to your 
fame and purse is a thing you want. That 
thing is the Penman's Art Journal. It 
will do this by mukiug you more intelligent 
and thoroughly master of your profession, 
which will unquestionably enhance greatly 
your ability to secure fame aud command 
success, not only as a teacher but as a 

The thoroughly informed and qualified 
man in any profession never wants a place, 
or liberal compensation, The incompetent 
man seldom has either. 

Subscribe for the Journal and read it 
through, and our word for it you will have 
more money, more fame, and more self- 
satisfaction at the end of the year than you 
would to do otherwise. 

Merits of the Pen. 

•• Bn»l was the genius, most aubUme the thought. 

Vthirti lir.-t tin- ciinrnw jrl ..! wmlUK tuughl ; 

And spreads deep myatarlM (row pole to pole!" 


, New Orleans. — The " Ne Plus 
Ultra cards " are published by J.T.Knauss, 
Easton, Fa. 

J. N. B., Wagner's Station, lod.— Wil- 
liams and Packard's Gems may be procured 
from us at tbe publisher's price, $5. 

J. F., Jn., Ashland, Pa.— We thank yon 
for your suggestions and shall bear tbem 
in mind. There are principles in German 

E. C. B. t Grantham, N. H.— You write 
a good hand for one doing heavy work. 
Xbui capitals are rather too large for the 
rest ol your writing. 

It. B. Lewis, Wells, Vt.— " Townseud's 
Analysis of Letters " is published by Messrs. 
Ivison, Blikemau, Taylor & Co., 138 
Grand street, New York. 

Send in the Names. 
It is our intention to publish a list of our 
professional penmen with their post office 
addresses at an early date. That the list 
may be as complete as possible, we request 
penmen to send us their own nn 
that purpose, and also the names aud ad- 
dress of others of their acquaintance. 


The extra labor aud expense incurred in 
the enlargement, new headings, &c, of the 
present number of the Journal has pre- 
vented our devoting so much attention to 
general illustrations as we intend to do in 
the future. 

We shall enueavor to present to our 
patron Bin each number a rich feast of fine 
things in penmanship. 

Specimens Solicited. 

lu each issue ot the Jouhnal we intend 
to give at least one fac simile specimen 
from the pen of some eminent penman. 
We therefore invite contributions for that 
purpose. To those who desire, we will 
mail on application a circular giving ad- 
vice regarding the execution of work de- 
signed for reproduction, in order to secure 
the best results. 

We have received the first number of the 
Tell T.ile, a spicy little sheet published by 
the students of Packard's Business College, 
605 Broadway. Its "tale" is well told, 
and " tells" well alike for its authors and 
the institution they patronize. 

Any person desirous of securing the man- 
agement of a thriving business college, 
by paying a portion of the receipts, can 
learn of an opportunity to do so by ad- 
dressing us. 

Lecturers or teachers desiring a good 
black-board should read the advertisement 
of the Silicate Slate Company. They sup- 
ply the best. Their lapiliuum or stone 
cloth makes the most convenient and per- 
fect portable black-board in use. 

Penmen who desire a superior gold pen, 
or to have old ones made ub good as new, 
should read Mr. Fisher's advertisement in 
auother column. We have used his pens 
for flourishing and text lettering for sev- 
eral years and know them to be very su- 

We have received samples of some very 
excellent steel pens from Messrs. Easter- 
brooks, 26 John street. Their No 333 is 
well adapted to fine copy writing, a good 
substitute for Gillott's celebrated 303, 
while No 128 is superior for business writ- 
ing, and off-hand flourishing. 

Now is the time to subscribe for the 
Penman's Art Journal, so as to receive all 
enlarged and illustrated numbers. We do 
not expect to be able to supply the back 
numbers to any great extent. If you wish 
all the numbers subscribe now. 

Fine Lead-Pencils. 

A fi-w days since we had the pleasure of 
visiting and inspecting the works of the 
Hon. Orestes Cleveland, in Jersey City, 
manufacturer of the juBtly celebrated Dixon 
lead- pi in til, It is a mammoth establishment 
capable of turning out fifty thousand 
pencils per day. We regret that want of 
space, in our preseni issue, prevents any 
detailed description of the process of 
manufacture; it would be of interest to our 
readers, and we hope to do so in some fu- 
ture Dumber. Suffice it to say, that from 
a thoroug i trial of these pencils, we 
are prepared to fully indorse the follow- 


H2 Broadway. P. O. Box 781, V 

New York, July 5, 1876. ) 
Mr. Orestes Cleveland. 

My Dear Silt— Through a friend I was 
induced to try your Dixon pencil (though 
very much wedded to the Faber), and 
from a careful trial now of several months, 
I am perfectly satisfied that they far exceed 
anything I have ever used. I have taken 
pleasure in giving to one and another in 
our business, aud there is but one opinion 
in regard to them, that of perfect satisfac- 
tion. I am, sir, very n spectfully yours. 
Wm. Main Smillie, 
Chief of Art Department. 
The above refers to the now celebrated 
Dixon American Graphite Pencil. For 25 
cents, in currency or postage stamps we 
will send samples which for quality and 
quamty will more than satisfy. 

Dixon Crucible Co., 

Jersey City, N. J. 

A Rare Prize. 

A short time previous to his death, 
Professor J. D. Williams was employed by 
Professor S. S. Packard, then, as now at 
the head of the Bryant aud Stratton 
Business College in New York, to design 
and execute, without limit as to time and 
care, a specimen diploma, designed to he 
engraved for use throughout the chain of 
Bryant and Stratton Colleges. The work 
was executed throughout in Mr. Williams' 
most elaborate and matchless style, indeed 
it was always spoken of by him and Pro 
feasor Packard, as his masterpiece, especi- 
ally the off-hand flourishing of which there 
is a most liberal display, is the most mas- 
terly and effective we have ever seen, aud 
in this respect, we believe the work to stand 
unrivalled, not only as a masterpiece of 
John D. Williams, but of the world. 

So liberal was Mr. Williams in the dis- 
play of his art, that when an estimate for 
engraving the work was procured it was 
found to be too enormous to Vic borne, and 
the idea was abandoned, and a less com- 
plicated design was substituted. 

Through the kiudnessof Professor Pack- 
ard we have been permitted to reproduce 
by photo- lithography, a facsimile copy of 
this work, which is done in a very perfect 
upon fine plate paper, 12x16 inches 

Independent of, and additional to the 

work, can honestly claim to have the most 
perfect and elaborate specimen nf ,.tV-lian.l 
flourishing yet produced. With many 
thanks for your unexampled fidelity in this 
matter, I arc with great respect, 

Yours truly, 

S. S. Paokabd. 

The Fifth Avenue SCHOOL bob Bi i 3 I 
539, 541, 643, Fifth N Y f 
Professor D. T. Ames. 
Dear Snt— The specimen copy of one ol 

the later unpublished works of John D. 
Williams, which you kindly presented me, 
is a marvelous exhibition of Mir easy, -ran.. 
fu] linesand combinations so characteristic 
of theflonrishiiigof that prince of penmen. 
The lettering is also of a Inch degree of 

excellence, a portion of the initials fl 

bining in a remarkable degree greal 
elaborateness of design, with perfect legi- 
bility, a model in this, as in all other 
respects, to I e imitated bnl n 

I predict that your plan ofgiviui pies 

of this work as premiums for subscribers 
to the Penman's Abt Jodtwal, will bring 
"Williams" in such numbers, that yon 
will be under obligation to Pack 'ard, 
before yon get them in your till. 

B. F. Keli.ey. 

Elizabeth Business College. [ 

Elizabeth, \. J, [ 
Pressor T). T. Ames. 

Dear Sir— I have jnst received an ad- 
vance cony of what you are pleased to 

term, "John D. Williams' Masterpiei I 

Penmanship." I am astonished, that ,. v ,-ii 
Williams could have produced anything 
so near perfection. The nourishing, let- 
tering, shading, and stippling, are marvels 

of accuracy and beanty, while the repro- 
duction fully equals the origiual. I opine 


A Common -Sense Binder. 
We invite the attention of our readers 
an advertisement uuder this head, in 
other column. We can most truly corn- 
end the biuder, as being all that is 
claimed for it. It is convenient and prac- 

E. C. Rogers & Co. , of La Crosse, Wis. 
have published a series of statement 
cards, designed to be used in teaching 
writing. They are ingenious and admir- 
ably adapted for securing atteution and 
aud hence success on tbe part of the 
pupil. We commend them to the atten- 
tion of all teachers of writing. 

Goon Luck 
luck. Good 

have a shilling i 
pence, aud save 
fulfil the coinn 
other people as 

Some young men talk about 
:k is to get up at six o'clock 
[. Good luck, if yon only 
a week, is to live on eleven 
i a penny. Good luck is to 
lendments and to do unto 
"l theoj 

.- —id persevere. Pence must 
be taken care of, because they are the seeds 
of guineas. To get on in the world, we 
mii6t take care of home, sweep our door- 
ways clean, try to help other people, avoid 
temptations, and have truth and faith in 

An impertinen 
the teacher of 

school, who was boasting oFthVprofietenOT 
of her pupils. *^«» 
"decline" the i 

premiums ottered in another column for 
new subscribers, we propose to send, by 
return of mail, mounted securely on a roller, 
to every new subscriber received before the 
15th of June nest, a copy of this rare 
specimen, from our greatest master. To 
present subscribers, who forward the names 
of one or more new ones, we will forward 
an extra copy, additional to our other 

No admirer of really skilful penman- 
ship, or pnpil seeking the highest exam- 
ples for study, and emulation, can afford 
to let this opportunity for procuring so rare 
a gem pass unimproved ; by such, it alone 
wUl be prized far beyond the price of our 
annual subscription. 

Packard's Business College, 1 

805 Broadway, N. Y., May 14, 1877. ( 
B. T. Ames, Esq. 

My Dear Sir— The fac-simile copy of 
Professor Williams' masterpiece of pen work 
which you have just shown me, exceeds in 
beauty, and perfectness of detail, my most 
extravagant expectations. I had no idea 
that tbe art of photo-lithography had been ] 
brought to such perfection. 

You are quite right in assuming that Mr 
Williams considered this specimen his best ,' 
effort in the way of lettering, and flourish- | 
mg combined ; and 1 am sure that had he 
lived to see its reproduction, as it has 
come under your guidance, he would have 
been delighted beyond measure. 

I am sure that whoever possesses this tine 

every artist will desire to possess a copy of 
this gem. Very truly yours, 

James H. Lanslby. 

A wager lately came off. the terms of which 
were as follows: " I will bet any man £100 
thut he cannot make a million strokes with 
pen and ink within a month." They were 
not to be mere dots and scratches, but fail- 
down strokes, such as form the child's first 
lesson in writing. A gentleman accepted (he 
challenge. The month allowed was the lunar 
month of only twenty-eight days, so that, 
for the completion of the undertaking, an 
average of 3<i.0tKl strokes per diem was re- 
quired. This, at CO per minute, or :s,.;no per 
hour— and neither the human intellect nor 
the human hand can be expected to do more 
—would call for ten hours' labor in every 
twenty-four. With a proper respect for the 
Sabbath, the gentleman determined to ab- 
stain from his work on Sundays, and by this 
determination diminished by four days the 
period allowed him ; at the same time, by *?- 
doing, he increased the daily average of' h 

ipward of 41,000. On the first 
ited 50,000: on the second day 

,, ny. But at length, after many 

days, his hand became stiff and weary, the 
wrist swollen, and, without interrupting its required the 


....... attendance of some friend io 

besprinkle it with a lotion calculated to re- 
lieve and invigorate it. On the twenty-third 
day the million strokes, exceeded by soma 
few thousands, "to make assurance doubly 
suru, ' were nrcoiiiplisLcl. These interest- 
ing papers are not placed in the archives of 
the Royal Society, of which the gentleman 
is a Fellow, but were claimed and received 
hvthe person who paid the wager I 




Ul4 rui.iuM.I 

I have only 
* . - i, rt.. ! : ; 

. .nth is Kay, tbnt the 

bonndi ■) i" 
the right bj I 

■I fOO know nt on.'..- | i ; I >i" I ■■ 
Ml m I 

. bhurtering, that tbe sky ik blue, 

,!, is hot. ami that tbe road in 

inch. We inn under- 

from La 

l La Piro 

he; t 

ial Lo 


n village I have ne 

l... i'i t . . 

ithex \ 

teiriyafloel Ln tbe 

ift. ..■!. 

,i hra ii 

i - the i 

ad l 


mt: "i 

Dg the 


Lng fcbej are 


L, a by peas 

'■)..' 1U tlUlL 

;" BSl 

id the 

■ ■ 

t won't take I'I.m' 

before two 

the father. " 


ist noon, hr the sun 

■ bal I "in VerV CUTlOl 

I'I llollU Vl '11 III'- . 

1 ■ 

he 1 1 to 1'" hanged 

D tin 


" \ n r i }„■ wU caught as he 



awaj --Miii 


omprehend that the I 
...,.: qoI to be oarried off without making a 
1 1 mi Mr- clanking and tattling : It bad no in- 
i linatlon to Leave (to lawful master." 
. it was made of iron." 
. I . ,pU in the ehab au were awuk- 
. ae I bj tne noise they heard." 

" Vn'ii tiny iinv,( the f elloW ?" 

■■V.t ii 'lial'.lv ; Uny were in a fright 

ui tint," 

" Naturally « inm^'li . ii is alw ij the I IH 
flj i trith people who arc robbed when 
iiu\ limi iiii-iii-..,v. •■ in tin' presence of rob- 
bers; otherwise there would be no advantage 
in being a robber." 

" Hut afraid of whom? 
" ghost Thiswretohed thief, of un- 
common sirenglh. L.-lrl (lie armor in front of 

to that a harsh noise which the OU 
in] i ii- behind him, and you 

rrox the valets were Ln. for liim. they wont and i 

t uli< 


msed the 


I ,. i Li ii\ and i ii in up, bound band 
i foot, i" bis own proper justice." 

\ihI bis own proper justice ?" 
■|'oii<iiTiinod him to be banged, dad in 

" Wherefore that clause in tin 

i :, ■ hit-" ilif Ni'i!_-tiiiu' of Lu Piroche is 
I i, nlv a brave captnin, but u ninu 'if no use 

il spirit, who wants bo obtain from this 

damnation both nu exam pi 

othi i rod D bi 'iif tit for himself. Well, don't 
yon know that whatever hits touched a handed 
in ui bl 'unit's a talisman for its 
Che Seigneur of La Piroche, therefore, or- 
.1. red the Oliminal to be clad in his armor, 
thai he might take it back again after he was 
dead, and so have a talisman in our coming 

" That's n very clever stroke." 

" i should think -so. indeed !" 

" Let tis push on, then; f OT I particularly 
mini i" -.'■'■ I lii-> } r wretch bunged." 

\'.« bavo plenty of time; we had better 
liol over- fiit ignc <mr cattle. We are mil 

ftop ii La Piroohe ; we have a good 
eagne to go beyond it, and then we must re- 

"Yea; but our horses will have five or six 
bonis' rest, since we are not coming back he- 

■ i . tting," 

■ rod son continued their journey, 

i lie \ went, and half an hour after- 

" \ i. .ii bed La Piroohe. 

ved in 

leaning against the BollowS, and the chaplain 
r at La Piroche, mcrttiitea on a 
platform purposely prepared, was reading the 

The condemned man did not stir. 

They called ontto him to get off hia SW, 

If iij. to the hanein 
He did ni t bndgi 


Then the I. any urn n seized him by the elbows. 
lifted him off the oas' back, and set him 

down Upright on tin 1 ground. 

During the change of attitude, the chap- 
lain finished reulii'i; the sentence. 

•■ Have vim any request to make'- 1 " he in- 
quired od the pal ii ui 

replii l the wretched man, in a 
sorrowful and M-.irceh audible v. -ice. 

"What is it?" 
I . test dij pardon I" 

The Seigneur of La Piroche shrugged his 
shoulders, uud ordered the hangman to do 
his office. 

That official personage prepared to mount 
tlm Ladder, Leaning against the gibbet, which, 

impassable, with outstretched arms, was 

about to tear a soul out of a living I ■ Ij and 
bs tried i" moke the criminal mount before 

him, but the thing was not easy. 

, an. to make him mount the lad- 
der, bud recoUTBe to the same means which 
he had employed to make him get off the 

ass; in i; lino by tbe waist, set him on 

the third Btave of the ladder, and then pushed 

him up behind. 

■ i. shouted lb-' crowd. 

There was no help for it. except to mount 

Than il" executioner adroitly slipped 

ffhiel anted tho end of the rope, and. 


ed this expected 
denouement, and ii shudder ran throughout 
the crowd. Of whatever crime he may be 

guilty, a dying u is always for an in- 

Btant, greater than those who come to see 

The hanged man swung two or three 
minutes at the end of his rope, kicked, 
writhed, and then remained motionless mid 

'I'll. 13 stored a few minutes longer at the 
sufferer, whose gilded armor glittered in the 
sunshine; the spectators gradually formed 
into groups, and then went their several 
ways li< une wards, discoursing ou the late 

s ll.e !:,i 

No body, and, as a natural 4 

The most extraordinary circumstance was, 
that the rope was neither broken nor cut, 
but exactly in the state m which it was before 
receiving the criminal. 

The guards nt once went to announce the 
news to the Seigneur of La Piroche. 

What had become of the dead man? For 

the condemned thief was certainly dead the 
day before, as the whole population had be- 
held with their eyes. 

Had another thief taken advantage of the 
night to obtain possession of the armor which 
covered the body ? 

Perhaps so; but, while taking tho armor, 
he would evidently have left the body, for 
winch he had no occasion. 

Had the friends or relatives of the sufferer 
determined to give him christian burial? 

The case was far from impossible, except 

s would have taken the body and left 

'- Hanging t" 

■■ Jes, .M"useigneiir." 

"With his armor? 

•■ With your armor." 

"Exactly so; because it belongs to m 
And he is dead !■" 

■* Perfectly dead. Only " 

" Only what?" 

'• Had he spurs on when be was hanged 1 


"Well, m on seigneur, he has spurs < 
now ; and instead of wearing the helmet < 
i,, bead, in- carefully laid i 

"Let us go and see, Messire Chaplain ; let 

The Seigneur of La Piroche ran into the 
.squire, which was crowded with inquisitive 

spi otators The neck of the hanged man was 

replaced in the running noose, the body was 
really at the end of the rope, and tbe armor 
was really on the body. 

It was prodigious. So they shouted. "A 

"He has repented." said one. "and has 
come back to rehang himself." 

"He has been here all the time," said 
another, " only we could not see him." 

" But why has he put on spurs?" Inquired 
a third. 

"Doubtless because he has come from a 
distance, and -was anxious to get back quick." 

"For my part, whether far or near, I 
should have had no occasion whatever for 
spurs, because I would have taken good care 

And then they laughed, and then they 
looked at the ugly grimace on the dead man's 


As for the Seigneur of La Piroche, his only 
thought was to make sure that the thief was 
really dead, and to take repossession of his 
suit of armor. 

They took down the body and stripped it, 
and then, when stripped, they hung it up 
again, and the crows set to Work with such 
effect that in a couple of days it was stripped 
to the bone, in a week it was like a tuterde- 
maliou, in a fortnight it had the appearance 
of a nothing- at-all. 

But bow hail this hanged man employed 
his time during his month of absence ? How- 
was it that having been hung he contrived to 
escape, and that having escaped he rehuug 

Uur two peasants, returning home by night, 
and passing close to the gibbet, heard moans, 
gaspings, and something like a prayer ; that 
Hiey devoutly crossed themselves, and asked 

had left at, the foot of the gibbet, set it 
against the side of the gallows, and the son, 
mounting as fur as where the criminal hung, 
aid to ini", '" Is it you who are making these 
complaints, my poor fellow?" 

The condemned man, collecting all bis 
strength, answered, " YeB." 
" You are still alive, then?" 

rocbe, and bung him exactly where he was 
bung before ; but they took oore to remove 
his helmet and lay it on the ground, to make 
sure that he should not ■ 

they quietly retained borne 

As tO the Seigneur of Lu Piroch Bine I S 
was in possession of n snre and certain talis* 
man. he joyfully set out for the wars, where 
he was the very first to get knocked on the 


iVi-liliK Llle'HIKTl.WlIlK «■'■■.! ; 

"Do you repent of your crime ?" 

"Then I will set about untying yi 
i the gospel commands us to suet 

who suffer, and who i 
I will succor you and r 
jt may lead you t 

you to life, that 
Heaven prefers 

a soul which repents of 
which expiates them." 

The father and son then unfastened tbe 
dying man, and comprehended how it hap- 
pened that he still survived. The ropi 

The Seigneur of La Piroche wa 

n despmr 

id of I 


j the neck of the thief, 
of the helmet in sucb 
ivas suspended, but 

io i be Boaffold, in order to lose nothing of 

the events thai were about to take plaoe; 

. i ■■> , i hey awaited the 
BpeoteAle, With the advantage of being 

mounted on poliyb.ick. and of seeing belter, 

-.M'.ii teas fatigue Their suspense was not of 
long duration. 

\l a quarter to two (lie gate of the cha- 

i ued and the condemned man 

appeared, preceded by the guards of the 

Seigneur of La Piroohe, and, followed bj the 

executioner. The thud was clad in the ar- 

i itolen, and woe ruling backwards 

v ithout a saddle, ffis visor was 

Ins head. Hi* hands 

ven tied behind his book; and if you wish 

MUg hllll. We 


and aliunde, if noi by Ins faoe 

ease, and was occupied at tint moment by the 
The hangman had just set his ladder 

whoever would deliver up the criminal, attired 
as he was at the time of his death. 

They searched the house; nothing was 
found. Nobody came to claim the reward. 

A month was spent in fruitless search. 

The gallows still remained in its place, 
humiliated, downcast, and despised. Never 
gibbet committed so disgraceful a 

outinued to 

and the loss resulting from 
morning, on awakening, he heard 
noise in the square where the 
taken place. 

He was going to inquire what was the mat- 
ter, when his chaplain entered hie chamber. 

"Monseigneur," he said, "do yon know 
what has happened ?" 

"No; but I will inquire directly." 

" I can tell you. I " 

■ What is it' then?" 
' A miracle 1" 


helmet. be bad managed to breathe 
keep life existing up to the moment when 
our two companions passed by, 

The latter liberated him. and transpoited 
him to their own home, where be was handed 
over to the nursing of the mother ami her 
mniden daughter. 

But he who has stolen will steal again. 

In the peasant's house there were only 
things to steal ; for the money he had brought 
from La Poterie did not belong to him 
These two things were his horse and hi 
daughter, a fuir haired girl of sixteen years 

The ex-hung criminal determined to steal 
both ; for he coveted the horse, and was 
smitten with a passion for the dau^nter. 

One night, therefore, he saddled tbe horse, 

Ralph Waldo Emerson, the distinguished 
philosopher and poet, delivered n lectnn to 
the law students of Howard University, 
Washington, on the subject, " What bonks lo 
read." In the course of his lecture ho made 
the following remarks on the subject of tho 
Special capacity of c.ieli individual mind : 

I am of the opinion that every mind that 
comes into the world has its own sj e.-i.ili \ - 
is different from every other mind ; that Bach 
of you brings into the world a certain bias, 
disposition to attempt something of its own, 
something yur own — an aim a little different 
from that of any of your companions, m.d 
that every young man and every young wo- 
man is a failure bo Ions oa each does not And 
what is his or her owi bias; shot just so lore 

as you are influenced 1 j tfa ound you, 

so long as you are attempting to do those 
things which you see others da well Instead 
of d .ing that which you can do well, you are 
so far wrong, so fur failing of your own right 

Everybody sees the difference in children. 
They very early discover their tastes. One 
has a taste for going abroad, another fi r 
staying at home ; one for books, another for 
games; one wishes to hear stories, anothi r 
wishes to see things done; one is fond of 
ng, the othei 



- dls: 

The .lit 
ore prou 

which - 


do^ — more decided in avoiding 
ou cannot do and do not wish 
[conceive that success is in finding 
what it is that you yourself really want, and 
pursuing it; freeing yourself from all im- 
portunities of your friends to do something 
which they like, and insisting upon that 
thing which you like and can do. One per- 
persists all the time in disappointing h : 

put on spurs l 

and seized the girl 
carry her off behind him 
But the girl woke up 

vel : 

3 quickly. 

i fast asleep, 
nd cried for help, 

> late. 

The daughter told them of the violent attempt 
that had been made ; and her father and her 
brother seeing clearly that no real repentance 
was to bt expected from such a man, resolved 
to take justice into their own hands, but 
more effectually than the Seigneur of La Pi- 
roche had done. They fastened the scoun- 
drel to the horse which he bad saddled him- 
self, conducted him to the square of La Pi- 

Another does not like that his father should 
insist upon sending him to college, because 
he really wants to be a merchant, or a manu- 
facturer, or has a whim of his own. Now 
that is easily mistaken by an obstinate young 
man who has takeu a fancy and is not really 
pursuing that which is his proper calling. 
Though one may easily be mistaken for a 
time, yet there is in bis mind this particular 
fitness for a cidliDg ; and some things that 
he can do, as in mathematics, or the right 
arrangement of fii't-; he being able to dis- 
tribute the events of the day (like diatribn. 
tion of facts in his mind), so that he under- 
stands and can recite history better than any 
other; or the perception of his aim, and 
keeping that through all tbe particulars of 
which his logical mind acts in various ways, 
as some eyes are made for color and some for 

Do not keep on with a mockery of friend* 
ship after the substance is gone — but part 
while you can part friends. Bury the carcass 
of friendship; it isn't worth embalming. — 


What Our Friends say of the Journal. 
Packard's Business College, i 

805 Broadway, N. Y., April 23, 1877 f 
Gentlemen— Enclosed hud one dollnr 
f..r ,. year's subscription to yoni beautiful 
little paper. I see that you propose to 
double its size, anil handsomely illustrate 
it. Won't this be too much of an experi- 
ment ? It is good as it is, and worth the 
money. A class paper of this kind is much 
needed in this country, and you seem to 
have the editorial instinct, I trust that, 
whatever you do, yon will keep the paper 
going. Very truly yours, 

S. S. Packabd. 

Prof. I H. Bnwu. Columbia, 111. 

Yniir April number received this day I 

l,lv 1 every article. If succeeding 

numbers ,-ue equal to this number, no pen- 
man who knows its value will be without 
it, I know A. H. Hinman, and that's 
enough to satisfy me that the Journal will 
be all right. 

Mr. J. J. Van Kleeck, m the County Clerk' a 

0[tice, Owego, N. Y, 
Writes us a very handsome business-like 
letter, in which he says: " I am glad that a 
paper, devoted to the art of penmanship, 
has been started iu New York, and in 
which Professor Ames is interested." 

Prof. Henry C. Wright, Principal of 
Wrights Business College: 

Brooklyn, Mat 1, 1877. 
My Dear Ames— I am glad to see you 
are going to publish a penman's journal . 
It strikes me that such a publication, em- 
bodying the best fruits of your varied, and 
extended experience in penmanship, will 
command a wide circulation. I know of 
no one possessing greater facilities for such 
an undertaking than you. 

You ought to succeed— I believe you 
will. At any rate register me as a sub- 

C. B. Wilkins, Manchester, N. H. 

I am very glad to see this Journal, and 
hope penmen will take interest and pride 
enough in this, their "ela«s paper," to keep 
it up. We were all sorry to have Gaskell 
give up the Gazelle. 

Prof. Harp Van Riper, Teacher in Public 
Schools, Circlrville, Ohio, 
Says, "I am sure it will be a good pa- 
per, and I am going to help circulate it." 

Prof. R. A. Lambert, La Crosse, Wis., 

Says, " Your paper is at hand, it is just 
what we want , I doubt not your wdl make 

number being elegantly illustrated from 
the hand of that master of the art, Pro- 
fessor Ames. Every penman and lover of 
the art should become a subscriber at once 
as one single number is worth more thai 
the cost of a year's subscription, which ha: 
been placed at the nominal sum of on, 

Prof. C. O. Sutton, Ransom, Pa., writes 


o copies of the Penman's Art 
whieh I have received are worth 

" Yes, but I 

The best of righting, to right wrong ; bad 
writing, to write wrong. 

Visiting cords in Chiua are painted red, 
and are four feet long— so they soy. 

P. D. Q. says that a man may flour, 
and yet not be in a flourishing condition 

The following sentence, containing thirty- 
four letters, includes the entire alphabet 

" John qukkly eMlempori/ed Gve tow bags," 

What book was written without hnuds I 
"Uncle Tom's Cabin," by Harriet Beech 
jr's toe. 

A distinguished lawyer of Chicago can 
vrite three hands— one that his copyist can 
■cad, another that he, only, cau read, and 
mother that no one can read. John B. 
rough mentions another gentleman with 
hree bonds— o right band, a left hand, 
nd a little behind hand. 

How Advertising Wins. 
The tirst time a man looks at an adverti 
uent, he does not see it. 
The second time, he does not notice it. 
The third time, he is indil 

The fifth t 


Ml, I 

>ctly < 

iiiie, he faintly remember 
nethiug of the" kind before 
p, he half 
e, bet 

all through 

The seventh time, he reads i 
and says, " Pshaw! " 

The eighth time, he ejaculates 
that confounded thing again! " 

The ninth time, he woud.-rs if 
inn-thing, nit." 

Tha tenth time, he thinks it might possi- 
bly suit some one else's case. 

The eleventh time, he thinks he will ask 
bis neighbor if he has tried it or knows any- 
thing about it. 

The twelfth time, he wonders how the 
atUfitistr can make it pay. 

The thirteenth time, he rather thinks that 

must be a good thing. 

The fourteenth time, he happens to think 

is just what he bus wanted for a long time. 

The fifteenth time, he resolves to try it us 
soon as he can afford it. 

The sixteenth time, he examines the ad- 
dress carefully, and makes a memorandum 

The seventeenth time, 
■> think he is hardly able 

he : 


.„ „„,«,_, aom lu afford it. 

Ihe eighteenth time, he is painfully re- 
ninded how much he needs that particularly 
■V-. -Ili-iit article. 

The nineteenth time, he counts his money 
o see how much he would have left if he 
l"""-,'lii it, and 

The twentieth time, he frantically rushes 
out in a fit of desperation and buys. 

Without an Enemy.— Some philosopher 
'rites : Heaven help the man who imagines 
e can dodge enemies by trying to please 
verybody. If such an individual ever sue 



W. L. Uartlnmil, Elizabeth, If. J. 

1 have read the Journal with much 
interest and pleasure, and am delighted 
with it. I anticipate the next number 
with much pleasure. 

Elizabeth Business College, I 
D . Elizabeth, N. J., May 1, IS77. f 
Prof. D. T. Ames, 205 Broadwau, New 
York. " 

My Dear Sm- The second number of 
the Penman's Art Journal hos been re- 
ceived oud carefully perused. I cannot 
refrain from expressing to you, my entire 
satisfaction with the announcement, that 
you have entered the ' Held editorial,' and 
assumed the responsibility for the future 
management oud success of this new can- 
didate for public approval. That you have 
done so is the strongest possible guaranty 
that the Journal will be a power among 

Your large experience, and ever indus- 
trious pen, alike able for the embodi- 
ment of flue thought or beautiful artistic 
forms, will certainly furnish to your 
patrons, a repository, too varied ond valu- 
able, not to meet with appreciation and 
reward. Earnestly wishing y, m that meed 
of success whieh is consequent upon well 
directed eflorfs, I am, 

Very truly yours, 

James H. Lansley. 

From the Whitehall [N. Y.) Times. 

Rnfessor A. H. Hinman, principal of the 
Pottsville, Pa , Business College, and oue 
of the finest penmen iu America, associated 
with Professor 1). T. Ames, artist penman 
"f 205 Broadway, New York, is publishing 
a monthly paper entitled the Penman's Art 
Journal, intended especially for those 
who teach or feel on interest in penman- 
ship This paper supplies a want long 
felt by the profession, being devoted ex- 
clusively to peunianship and penmen, each I 

A letter intended for Oshkosh, Winne- 
bago county, Wisconsin, was superscribed 
All Squash, ButabagaCo., Wis. 

I am not in favor of lotteries, pound 
parties, or any species of gambling, and 
yet believe one may moke a bet without 
sin, i. e. the alphabet. 

Dncornet surprised many by the excel- 
lent writing and drawing executed with h 
feet. Mile. Marie embroidered with he. 
mouth, with which she also threaded her 

In a Samaritan synagogue at Noblouse, 
Polestine, is still preserved a copy of the 
Pentateuch written by, the grand- 
son of Aaron, three years after the death 
of Moses. This is said to be the oldest 
anuscript in the world. 
Macready wrote a note to admit his 
friend to a theater. Brougham saw it and 
thought it resembled a physician's pre- 
scription. It was taken to a drug store, 
whereupon the clerk commenced com- 
pounding it, but fading to decipher some 
portion of it, called upon his principal, who 
immediately completed the compound, 
prononuoing it "a very good cough mix- 

Shakespeare's autograph in cipher being 
desired by a beautiful young lady, her 
lover left upon her dressing table the fol- 
lowing : 

TJ a 0, I thee, 

O no 0, but O me ! 

And O let my thy be, 

And give 010 thee. 

In English writing, the letters are used 

in the following proportions • 1 z ■ 3 k i 

q,*; 7b,v; 10g,p,w,y; 12 c, f, m, 'u '■ 

20 d, 1 ; 30 h, r ; 40 a, i n o s ■ 45 t ■ 

Take away my first letter, I remain un 
changed; take away my second letter, there 
■ s no apparent alteration in me ; take away 
all my letters, and I still continue unaltered ? 
The postman, 

ceeded we should be glad of it— not that o 
should be going through the world tryine ,o 
find beams to knock and thump his poor 
head against, disputing every man's opinion 
fighting and elbowing oud crowding all who 
differ with him. That, ogam, is another ex 
treme. Other people have a right to their 
opinions ■ so have you. Don't fall into the 
of supposing they will respect you 
for turning your coat every dov to 
match the color of theirs. Wear your own 
colors in spite of winds and weather, storms 
and sunshine. It costs the vacillating ond ,r. 
resolute ten times the trouble to wind and 
shuffle and twist that it does honest, manly 
independence to stand its ground. 

A Paris banker devised what he consid- 
ered on ingenious measure to prevent a de- 
falcation by his cashier. He places an i 
'See in front of his sa'e, and insist, that 
cashier shall be locked in it until his cash 
is verified at the close of the day 

syet found only one mm, willina I, 

accept this condition. ''-You must enter thi 
i at !t a.m., and yon will he liberated at l 
■,.-;. a " er your account has been verified, ' 
said the banker to an applicant. "Agreed!' 
ion must not leave it during the day under 
any pretence. I keep the key in niv 
pocket" "All right, lam used to confine 
meat." "Where have you been?" •■ In 

sari'" 1 " p""? ry ", U , r ,'° 8 thes ° """ <"'«" 
ears. Position still open. 

A San Francisco merchant, who had an un- 
saleable nrtn-le consigned to him from the 
Hast, got his personal friends together as 

signed each a street I instruct,..,! them to 

svery store and inquire tor this par- 
ticular article. Then he advertised the 
goods, and the retail dealers, surprised at 
the unusual coll which had been made for 
them, took them all off his hands at a high 

Petition of the Letter H. 

--OWETH — that many ladles and gentlemen 
and likewise other persons of different occu 
patlons, trades, characters, and dispositions 
to whom h used to have free access, have now 
either totally foisaken him, or associated him 
with o company of strangers among whom 
fie outs a most ridiculous figure. A young 
lady, to the great mortification of h was ob" 
serving the other day that ill, made pretty 
contract with the valleys below, and that the 
viMk (were prettily interspersed among the 
woods, and that she was fond of taring the 
hotels in the evening, and yet I assure you 
she is a very luimiable young lady, she us a 


ind a good (art. 

ick hears, deli. 

a Letter H : 

_ Whereas— by you I have been drive 
ouse, from "ome, from 'ope, from 'eaven 
and placed, by your most learned society in 
"exile, /languish, and //anxiety ; Nay, charged 
without one just pretence, with /arrogance 
and /nmpudeuce— I here demand full restitu- 
tion, and beg you to meud your ^elocution. 

During the siege of p ar j B , „ earrier . 
arrived in that city with dispatches wind, 
when printed, tilled four columns of the 
newspapers, and with fifteen thousand n,es 
Tl°l fL?!.""! 6 !".'!! .' 1,ua,s : 8 ?<* a feat 

photography put all the informatiui/wSin 
an exceedingly small coa- 

ArlihtPeutuaii uud PublisLtr, 
i06 Urottdwuj-, .New Yoik, 




Copy for»dTfT 

It i. i., ba i "i-i »ii"i, •- we -ii.iii hi rr»rtrr Itnu tb^ 

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V. ■ ■ ii i-.. I in ...'■. I" I i.ii ilit'-F. Inr extent Inn, In n 

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■ .i i-.ilil .l..|lnr. mi-Hi Inl in u WmlhtU 

,i'i'.." i'm 'i'ii. 1 . 1 ' i V '."i ,'.',',, iis! , i,!l" 1 " <* u i ,'.',' V',, , ■',",'' ! ,;,' 

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joiiot, iil. 

Hen UJ extend* n .'onllul iiivitiili.m i.. .... i ■. i i-i in..' 





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What Ptnmen Waat 



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. ■■ i i. .ill 1» K.-ull,. 
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i . L.» I .■ 1 1 1-., i 
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I 1'nulmli a 

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illlu!.— Ilti: Ethrartl bUnth- 

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■1 '.mirtinv '"- '.'. \-H ■/sVMVavlv 
} i|jim n» m j» jHi«n ■ 


For* /Joi/y ;v^*i. 

DOlgU 1 


. i.'.hbililv.- //.. Ji;.cri.-.Iii »'.-f.iyn... 

n Series of 


^^p 3 :V~- ^^r.D-,TOTHEPRAC 

UTed with a pen eroxAMes.-- c a*£- = =* i J^ — ' ^* a *^£j3 

I»nt>li»li<Ml Monti 

. T. Alll>, Cliior , 

NEW YORK, JUNE, 1877. 

VOL. I. NO. 4. 

Personal Recollections of James W. Lusk. 

My personal acquaintance with Mr. 
Lusk began in the winter of 1848^49. I 
waa at that time teacher of penmanship in 
Bartlett'8 Gouimrivi!il LV-llege, Cincinnati, 
and he a stndent of medicine in the Ec- 
lectic Medical College, of the same city. 
He must have been then not far from 
twenty-one years of age. He was a fresh, 
clean-faced, country-looking young man, 
with a friendly, genial mauuer, and an ap- 
pearance of great frankness and modesty. 
He usually carried a small portfolio or 
memorandum book, in which were con- 
tained brief notes of medical lectures and 
scraps of writing, some of which were from 
his own pen, but mostly from such profes- 
sional penmen as were in the ascendant in 
those early days. Of these the master and 
ohief was P. R. Spencer, of Ashtabula 
county, Ohio, who, though comparatively 
unkuown, had already begun to make his 
marks and his mark. Lusk had been a 
pupil of Spencer's, and was his most de- 
voted servitor. The term "Spenceriau" 
had not then been formulated, and I will 
say here that to Mr. Lusk is due the honor 
of first applying it to the system of pen- 
manship now so well known throughout the 
English speaking world. 

Mr. Lusk was a gusliiug admirer of 
Spencer, and I much doubt if, at that 
time, a single scratch of the old gentleman's 
pen that this ardent disciple could get law- 
ful possession of had ever been permitted 
to And its way into the waste paper bag. 
He was not a scholar in the broadest sense; 
at least I think his early opportunities for 
learning had been very limited, and I know 
that he had a keen sense of his deficiency 
in general edncation, as well as a strong 
desire to overcome it. I cannot speak 
from personal knowledge, but my impres- 
sions are that his ambition to becomesome- 
thing more than a mere " hewer of wood 
and a drawer of water " was born with his 
first evident success in achieving a good 
handwritiug. And the success, let me say 
parenthetically, did not happen inadver- 
tently, nor come by the grace of God. It 
was really achieved— and with much tribula- 
tion, and contrary to the expectations and 
predictions of his friends. Mr. Spencer has 
often assured me that of all the unlikely 
disciples he ever had, Lusk was the most 
unlikely. Ho seemed to have no sense of 
the beautiful, and no facility to execute 
even his own crude conceptious. But, 
happily, tbe pupil did not look through 
the teacher's spectacles. He seemed to 
feel from the start that success was only a 
matter of a greater or less number of pen 
strokes, aud he was altogether indifferent 
as to whether it should be the one or the 
other ; the final result was just as well as- 
sured in either case. This quality in Mr. 
Lnsk's character was well understood by 
those who knew him later in life — when he 
had succeeded and stood at the head of his 
class, with no one to dispute the honors 
Labor, to him, wae a thing of course. He 
never questioned its necessity, nor evaded 
its claims. Iu fact, such a devotee was he 
to hard work iu his profession that it never 

seemed hard work. It had moie the sem- 
blance of pastime or recreation. I have 
seen him, time and again, iu preparatiou 
for the day's duty of teaching, sit at his 
table and for hours together practice on a 
single movement, such as a " capital stem," 
a direct or inverted "O," or even some 
small letter or combination of small letters. 
He did this to " train his muscles," always 
claiming that the longer and more persist- 
ently he worked in this way the better 
would be the results. What would exhaust 
ordinary men seemed only to strengthen 

I do not believe, however, tbat he had 
any adequate conception of his superiority 
as a teacher ; and I sometimes think it was 
necessary that he should die in order that 
others might realize it. I do know, how- 
ever, that to day, among the principals and 
teachers of the public schools of this city, 
there are those who will maintain that in 
the quality of impartiug knowledge aud 
securing its reception by the pupil, Mr. 
Lusk had no superior, even if he had an 
equal. I feel sure that I could mention 
the names of at least a dozen eminent 
teachers aud active promoters of education 
in this city who would unhesitatingly and 
and gladlj subscribe to this testimonial. 
If there is such a thing as a divine call to 
teach, there is no assumption in saying 
that Mr. Lusk had received it. Neither is 
there auy sacrilege in saying of him, as 
was said of the great Teacher, " the com- 
mou people heard him gladly." 

Aud what may be thought remarkable 
of one having bis acceptance and varied 
talents, he was content to be known as a 
simple teacher of penmanship— a "writing 
master." He asked for no prouder title, 
yearned for no more exalted recognition. 
He always felt that it was better for a per- 
son to do one thing well than many things 
tolerably, and he saw in the perfecting of 
a system of teaching writing enough to call 
out all his power and enthusiasm. I say, 
what may not be generally known — but 
what I' feel to be true nevertheless — that 
to no single persou living or dead ia due in 
greater degree the credit of perfecting, as 
a system to be taught, what is known as 
*' Speucerian penmanship." 

Mr. Lusk was a man of extraordinary 
uerve, fine physique and splendid pres- 
ence. He had a keen, piercing, blue eye 
which looked out from beneath heavy 
black eyebrows, and which could shootout 
glances of reproach or commendation in a 
way not to be mistaken. His voice was 
full, clear, heavy and melodious, and had 
in it the ring of authority. He did not 
assume to be "Sir Oracle," but when he 
opened his mouth it was quite useless for 
any dog to bark, or for any one to attempt 
to do aught but listen. Such a thing as 
disorder or inattention I never knew to 
exist iu his classes, even iu the slightest 
degree. His command of pupils was 
something wonderful. Whether it was in 
his voice, his eye, his personal presence, 
his commanj of the subject, or simply an 
undefiuable tact which not even himself 
could explain, the fact that he held the 
attention of every individual .pupil w 

fact never to be disputed. I have, many a 
time, tried to discover the secret of this 
power, and the only satisfaction I ever had 

the effort was the conviction that it wae 
inseparable from the man, aud was no 
studied device. Tbe effect upon tbe stu- 
dent was to make him feel tbat somehow 
he was selected from the entire body of 
bis fellows as the object of special atten- 
tion and concern, and wbile this flattered 
his sense of importance it invested his in- 
dividual achievement with an interest 
which called forth his very best efforts. I 
often meet some of these favored young 
men, and to mention Mr. Lu&k's name is 
to call a flush of joy to their laces, and the 
unvarying testimony is, " Mr. Lusk was a 
great friend of mme. Somehow, I don't 
know why it was, but lie seemed to take to 
me." Ami this impression these persons 
will carry with them to their graves, and it 
wdl make them better men all their lives. 

Mr. Lusk was one of the most careful 
and consisteut livers I ever knew. He was 
always iu excellent health, but, unlike 
most persons thus favored, be fully appre- 
ciated tbe blessiug aud took uo end of 
pains to deserve and continue it. He was 
temperate in every way, except in labor, 
and even iu this he was careful not to go 
beyoud his strength. His prudenc* in 
other directions gave him great liberty in 
this. Work was his recreation, and he 
took plenty of it without exhaustion. 

As a pen artist iu tbe present acceptation 
of that term, Mr. Lusk did not rank high. 
He had no genius for bewildering and har- 
muniziug cuives such as characterised the 
work of John D. Williams ; and although 
he had a keen appreciation of the beauty 
he never wasted his time iu trying to ac- 
complish what he felt to be impossible. 
On this account, mainly, he has left behiud 
him very little of his own handiwork. The 
monument of which his friends have occa- 
sion to be proud is in the perfected Spen- 
cerian penmanship, which owed much of 
its shaping and early impulse to him, and 
the grateful memory of thousands of men 
and women who owe to his wise instruction 
an established handwriting of which they 
have occasion to be justly proud. 

Mr. Lusk died of sciatic rheumatism in 
the fall of 1863, in the city of Cleveland, 
Ohio, where his family — wife and two chil- 
dren, bou and daughter, now reside. He 
did not live long enough to provide hand- 
somely for their material support, but they 
have a patrimony in his good deeds and 
honored name which is not without value 
even in this hard, practical, every day 

Let Your Light Shine. 
The publishing of a penmanship jour- 
nal requires far more labor and study than 
most persons are aware of. While iu 
papers devoted to general news, Ac, a 
large amount of matter can be copied from 
exohanges, yet in a penman's journal near- 
ly everything must be prepared expressly 
for it. This requires a great amount of 
thought and study in composition. When 
this falls entirely upon the editors and 

everything must apply to one profession it 
is difficult to find time to prepare all that 
is necessary to fill a paper. We have fre- 
quently written to persons whom we sup- 
posed capable of giving ideas upon the 
subject of penmanship, but are answered, 
that for them to write an article upon the 
subject, requires a great amount of study, 
but at sometime they will furnish some- 
thing. They all unite in praising the object 
and benefits of a peumau's paper, they 
are willing to be praised and lauded as 
teachers but when it comes to deserving the 
good opinions of the profession by giving 
them the benefit of their ideas, they seem 
to shrink from the effort aud show a timid- 
ity which plainly indicates that they are 
not good teachers, if they are not full of 
ideas and able to give them to others. We 
have, through former penmanship jour- 
nals, discovered the superior ability of 
several good teachers. They not ouly had 
ideas but knew how to give them and 
these qualities were evidence to us that 
they were shining lights and ornaments to 
their profession. We believe there are 
persons in tbe profession who possess abil- 
ity which should render them famous. 
The greatness of P. R. Spencer came not 
so much from his skill in writing as from 
bis knowledge of the subject and his 
readiness to give his ideas to all who were 
climbing in the profession. This made 
him famous and an equal fame lies within 
the reach of any one who is able as Father 
Spencer says, "to think and{do,for the ad- 
vancement of an art of such vital and 
general importance to the interests of the 
community." No man in this couutry 
stands higher in the general estimation of 
teachers of book-keepiug than Professor 
S. S. Packard of New York, aud no man 
has done more than he to give expression 
to his ideas. It is tbe thinkers and writers 
that rise in public estimation and when 
this fact is realized by able men in any 
profession we soon see their light shining 
and also see them boked up to with honor 
and pride. To become a star it is necessa- 
ry to shine, but to becoine.the equal of an 
oyBter whose chief faculty consists in keep- 
ing its mouth shut except when feeding, 
requires no great genius. In The Penman's 
Akt Journal we propose to favor those 
most who favor penmen most, and in no 
way can penmen prove a blessing to the 
whole profession and themselves better 
than by thinking and writing for the 

Writing as It is Spoken. 

{From Iht London Mcth-xitrt.) 
Phonetics : 

Onion garden bed roolluing, 

Pronounced thus : 

u youth headline Ir-wI ; 


The Artist Teacher 

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rami light Illumed tl 

Day after day n» ptMsd tin- 

Ptilnri'" Hint liny. 1- iniulil li 

^ ' !■■■" ■ '■■ ""i: it.-n.ii-. 

ilia bright*! 

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I'ur all thy lnve> we (jiv« tue name ; 
i . ■■ ■■ n ' In Minir Hi.- lnt|>]iv yoara. 

An. i u.iH. tin Bope, mm i hi )i r mid Trust; 
Timt woua the lawn ol BajTen ipp^Ti, 

m,v ■ rowii DU] ibme with ill thujast 

Expert* in Handwriting. 

Of Into yours forgeries and attempts on 
tho part of individuals to disguise their 
handwriting, have beoome very frequent. 
Few of our readers, outside of coniruer- 
Olftl oiroles, are aware of the astonishing 
amount of forgeries which are constantly 
being perpetrated. Iu the aggregate they 
UOQOIinl annually to hundreds of thou- 
sands, and even millions of dollars. 
While instances like the noted bond forger- 
ies, and frauds amounting to half a nul- 
lum ol dollars, a few years since, attempt- 
ed and partially accomplished upon the 
Bank of England, and the more recent 
forgeries of probably nearly equal amount, 
of railroad and tele-graph bonds in our 
own country, may be of comparatively 
rare occurrence, successful and Qnsuoeas- 
fol efforts to procure money from banks 
and individuals, by means of forged checks, 
droits, letters of credit, Ac, are ol Almost 
daily occurrence in this city alone. 

The subject is, therefore, one not only 
ol great importance, but one of deep in- 
terefll V7e therefore venture to offer to 

our readers a few points embodying our 
own ezperlenoe and observation relating 
to that eubjeot 

In the eye of an expert, au individual 

baa muoh pereonlfled in bis handwriting, 

and lis surely recognized by it, as he is by 
his physiognomy. A person may disguise 
or distort the general appearance of his 
writing, us he may the expression of his 
face or the sound of his voice, yet the pe- 
culiar characteristics by which he is recog- 
nized will in each be plainly risible, in 
Bpitc of all efforts at disguise. Hebil im- 
parts peculiarities in form of letters, to 
their proportions, slope, space, connec- 
tion, turns, shade, fta, which a person 
- in il V cuuceid than he 
could his personal identity by drawing up 
his nose, squiutiug his eyes, or walking 
with a limp. 

It i9 to the careful examination of these 
peculiar and habitual characteristics that 
the expert directs his attention, rather 
than to the general appearance of the writ- 
ing. In a forgerya general semblSSOe ol 
writing is easily obtained, and as easily 
changed in a disguised hand ; while it is 
well nigh impossible to impart these habit- 
ual points of distinction to a forgery, or to 
conceal them in a disguised handwriting. 
In forgery there is also usually a manifest 
hesitanoy in the lines, and want of the grace 
and freedom of the genuine. Especially 
is this the case where the genuine is writ- 
ten in a rapid, off-hand movement, from 
the fact that the imitator must slowly draw 
the lines at the same time that he is study- 
ing tin 1 original, as a school-boy woidd 
his copy. 

The writing of persons who write slowly, 
with a drawn movement, is therefore the 
most easy to counterfeit, as the movement 
conforms more to the necessarily slow 
drawing movement of the imitator. 

One of the moat frequent modes of dis- 
guising writing is to change the customary 
slope, which with some variation in type 
of letters, Ac, at once imparts au entire 
change to its general appearance, so that a 
page, line or signature, placed in juxta- 
position with the ordinary hand, would, 
by a novice, be pronounced entirely dis- 
similar. Yet the force of habit is so pow- 
erful iu controlling movements of the 
hand as to instinctively import many or 
all of the peculiarly individual character- 
istics of the writing — as, for instance, the 
manner of beginuing and ending the words, 
dotting the i, crossiug the t, the peculiar 
formation of certain tetters and combina- 
tion of letters, as th, 11, &c. ; so that while 
quite dissimilar iu general appearance, iu 
detail they are very much the same. One 
instauce occurred iu an effort to disguise 
writing where the writer was betrayed en- 
tirely by the habit of making the first of 
a double loop much longer aud Larger than 
second, thus : 


id making his t's and d's with loops thus : 

crossiug the t's with a line much extended 
d running upward as in example. Let- 
t's are often the same in geueral appear- 
ed, and entirely different iu their anal- 
ysis, a striking instance of which occurred in 
L'use of a person charged with forgery, 
where the charge rested upon the alleged 
close resemblance of certain letters to 
those which he habitually made ; for iu. 
stance the small e was made, iu the 

forgery, invariably thus : C 
divided two-thirds above the center loop, 
which pointed downward — while iu 
the other it was habitually made thus : & 
third above the center loop, which 
pointed upward; the same geueral resem- 
blance occurred in many other letters, 
equally dissimilar in their analysis, suf- 
ficient to give a very close geueral appear- 
ance, but very different iu detail. 

Go to a Good Teacher. 

There are many who are striving for suc- 
cess in the profession of peuinauj-hip, who 
work with the utmost diligence, and feel 
that the efforts should secure a better re- 
ward. There are many such who have 
never beeu under the training of a strictly 
first-class teacher, and we ignorant of 
many methods which successful teachers 
use. There is no profession, excepting, 
perhaps, medicine, in which one can more 
easily make mistakes than in penmanship. 
In medicine, diplomas are required ol 
those who would practice it. Iu this 
country we have normal schools in which 
persons are taught the science of teaching. 
The nation regards these schools as a pub- 
he necessity, as good teaching is a science, 
and the graduate of the normal school is 
prepared to anticipate and overcome the 
hundreds of obstacles which lie in the path 

of a pupil's progress. The rapid advance- 
ment of education in our country is largely 
owing to the superior teachers who are 
prepared at the normal schools. Four 
years are usually spent in these schools in 
learning how to teach. How many years, 
or months, or weeks, or days, or hours 
even, has the average penman spent under 
the instruction of a superior teacher of the 
art, in learning how to teach penmanship. 
That a large unmber of persons feel at a 
loss to know how to teach penmanship we 
know to be true. We have frequently 
been written to, asking how we would 
teach a class for twenty lessons, how we 
would teach a normal class, &c, what 
movements we would teach, aud hundreds 
of other questions. To answer such ques- 
tions fully would be impossible by letter, 
for there are hundreds of things that can 
hardly be taught by illustration. A few 
months drill under P. R. Spencer and 
J. D. Williams has beeu to us the key to 
our success. With them we learned 
in. iIim,!s which might never have occurred 

to us in a lifetime of experimenting, aud 
iustead of groping in the dark, ever 
doubtful what to do, or not t ■ do, we 
gaiued clear ideas with them that have 
been of immense value. As we look back 
over our experience, we feel that nothing 
could have filled our needs more fully 
1 1 1 :r 1 1 those lessons, and feeling as we do, 
the advantage one ever possesses who has 
beeu trained by able teachers, wa urge 
that our friends who are climbing iu the 
profession, will not ignore the importance 
of thorough training under some superior 
teacher. If success in the profession is 
worth having, it is worth preparing for, aud 
any penman who is known to make fine pen- 
men of his pupils, is the only one bo study 
from. There are several such in the coun- 
try, and if a penman claims to be such he 
should be able to prove it by pointing to 
fine and successful penmen, who have 
become so under his tuition. 

Penmanship and Book-keeping;. 

Perhaps a majority of the beet business 
penmen of the country are practical book, 
keepers, and as such are filling positions in 
business. For one to be a fine penman is 
certainly very desirable, but especially is 
it so with one who depends upon his ability 
as an accountant for a living. 

Unless ouo intends making the profes- 
sion of penmanship a liiiMness he cau well 
afford to acquire a mastery of the subject 
of accounts, for these two branches well 
mastered afford one a certainty of success. 
The poor book-keeper, although he may be 
a tine penman, will secure a position many 
times quicker than the good book-keeper 
who writes poorly. Many a young man 
of even ordinary ability has secured good 
positions through his writing, for it seems 
to be in the nature of those in business, as 
well as out of it, to admire fine writing. 
Business meu take pride in having their 
books look neatly, in having handsomely 
written business papers and letters pass out 
from their houses, and when they advertise 
for assistants, &c, those letters which pre- 
sent the neatest appearance are not the 
ones thrown into the waste basket. While 
the cities are always crowded with young 
men looking for situations, there are always 
opportunities for those who possess supe- 
rior qualifications. Chief among these 
qualifications is fine penmanship, and next 
united with it is a good knowledge of 
accounts. There are many of our readers 
who possess ability to write an elegant 
Land, yet do not succeed in deriving much 
benefit from it. To such we would advise 
the acquirement of a knowledge of accounts 
aud then with an unsealed, elegantly writ- 
ten application for a position canvass busi- 
ness houses and preseut the letter to pro- 
prietors. Such a course we have tried 
yews ago with success and have seen it 
prove useful to friends who could write 
well. Such a course secures the attention 
of a business man and forces him to see 
your penmanship, aud if it is elegant it 

may result in his asking yon to call again. 
Some poor writer may have bean dis- 
charged in the meantime, and when you 
call again there is an opening for you. Not 
only would we recommend penmen to mas- 
ter book-keepiug for business use, but if 
they are teacher* it will greatly improve 
their chances for employment in business 
colleges. The business college proprietor 
to day cannot afford to have a penman de- 
vote his whole attention to teaching the 
art unless he pays a low salary, while one 
who is able to make himself useful in teach- 
ing accounts will be able to command a 
much better salary and be more secure in 
his position. There are many towns of 
from three thousand to five thousand in- 
hab.tauts, where a penman who could teach 
book-keeping well, could do a good busi- 
ness for several months, for there are many 
who wish instruction in those branches 
who would pay a good price for it, yet can 
not spend the time and money to go 
abroad to a business college. In fact any 
penman who understands accounts thor- 
oughly is much better prepared for success 
than one who only depends upon writing. 

Ornamental Penmanship. 
There are many who practice orna- 
mental penmanship in making fine display 
pieces for exhibition and in the selection of 
the work. To do fine pen drawing re- 
quires a good kuowledge of drawiug, the 
effect of light and shade, and a great 
amount of patience. Flowers used to be 
chosen as a center-piece, and sometimes a 
wreath of flowers ; sometimes a head and 
bust of a lady ; sometimes a group of 
birds, a bird's nest, &c. Such work 
oftentimes so closely resembles finely 
printed designs that persons who view 
them are ill disposed to credit their being 
done with the pen. We have often seen 
such work placed by the side of a piece of 
skilful flourishing and noticed the attention 
which each piece attracted. We have 
noticed at fairs that all work of the fine 
order did not seem to attract as much at- 
tention as the flourishing. True, there had 
been many times as much time spent upon 
the pen drawing as the flourishing, yet it 
was not as effective iu securing attention 
aud admiration. We have frequently 
known flourishing to take premium over 
pen drawing. Among those most giveu to 
pen drawiug are Professors Lymau, P. 
R. Spencer and H. W. Flickenger. Their 
specimen work represents a great amount 
of care and study, and while it represents 
great skill iu drawing we are satisfied that 
it is not appreciated by the public as flour- 
ishing would be. Iu the matter of orna- 
mental peumauship health should be con- 
sidered, aud iu the cuses of Mr. Flickenger, 
aud Lymau Speucer they have both greatly 
damaged their health by close confinement 
iu pen drawing. John D. Williams and 
Alexander Cowley, famous penmen, obose 
flourishing as their field for fame, aud we 
are sure that the mass of people would 
place a higher estimate upon a piece of 
Williams that required two days to execute, 
than they would upon the fine pen draw- 
iug of others requiring months in its pre- 
paration. Iu our idea the main work upon 
a piece of ornamental penmanship should 
consist in flourishing, lettering, writing and 
here and there small gems of pen drawing. 
Such work can be done rapidly, is very 
effective in appearance, is not regarded as 
printed work and does not wear out one's 
life as close pen drawiug does. 

Back Numbers. 

Subscribers who desire to do so can have 
the April and May issues (Nos. 2 aod 3) of 
the Journal, the supply of No. 1 is ex- 
hausted. Subscribers will please state, 
when forwarding their subscriptions, if 
they desire the back numbers; and also 
mention the particular premium desired. 

It is opi-eially desirable to have all the 
enlarged and illustrated numbers, of which 
No. 3 is the first. Enolose teu cents for 
sample copy. 


Unity and Simplicity of Forms of Let- 
ters Necessary to Good and Rapid 

Business Writing. 
Much practice in learning to write is Inst 
by making use of a multiplicity of compli- 
cated forms of letters ; not only is the 
acquisition of a good handwriting thus 
made more difficult, but the subsequent 
practice is rendered proportionately slow 
and tedious. 

The simple forms are not only mon 
easily acquired, and more rapidly executed 
but they are more easily read than th< 
more ornate styles ; in fact those form: 
that cost the most, are worth the least I 

Success and Failure in Penmanship. 

is as if a merchant should constantly pur- 
chase an inferior class <>f merchandise, and 
pay the high price of the beat; his chances 
for success certainly would not be very 

Labor, whether of the clerk or mechanic, 
is rewarded according to the results, il can 
produce. The copyist or clerk who can 
write one hundred words, equally as well, 
in the same time that another writes fifty, 
wiH certainly, other things being equal, 
command twice as much pay. 

The rapidity with which writing can be 
executed, depends largely upon the sim- 
plicity of the forms of letters used, and 
the size of the writiug. A medium or 
small hand is written with much more ease 
and rapidity than a large hand ; from the 
fact that the pen can be carried over short 
spaces in less time, and with greater ease 

than over I« 
pie forms e 
plicated on 

R thus : 

ug ones, and can execute sim- 
ore easily and rapidly than com- 
:s. To illustrate. Suppose one 
to habitually make the capital 

which requires eleven motions of the hand 
to execute, and that another were to uni- 
formely make it thus : 


requiring only four motions of the hand, 
is apparent that the difference of time 
quired to make each cannot b© less than 
proportion of eleven to four ; that is not 
The complicated form, consisting of many 
lines, some of which are required to 

pandled to each othe 
reference to balanc 
with some other 1 
with much greater 
more simple forn 

and all made 
ling or harmonurtng 
i requires to be made 
re and skill than the 
that the disadvant- 
i greater than indicated by the 
simple proportion between eleven and 

This plan carried out through the alpha- 
bet, would be fatal to rapid and legible 
business writiug. 

Unity ot forms in business writing is also 
very essential to rapidity and excellence — 
The mechanic who makes one thing a 
specialty, acquires great skill and dispatch 
in his work, in fact he becomes the repre- 
sentative man in his vocation — so the 
writer who makes use of the minimum 
number of the most simple forms of letters 
in writing, will become proportionately 
more skilful and rapid, than he who 
adopts the maximum number of the most 
complicated forms. 

These remarks are intended to apply more 
especially to business and unprofessional 
writing. In ornamental and professional 
writiug, where show and beauty are of 
greater consideration than dispatch, variety 
and complexity of forms are quite proper, 
and ev*n necessary. 

Business Colleges and the Journal. 

The success of the Journal should be 
especially desired and aided by these in- 
stitutions, since it will treat, as a specialty, 
upon subjects which they make a specialty 
of teaching. 

We believe that, instructors in those in- 
stitutions can do their pupils no greater 
service than to induce them to subscribe 
for and read the Journal, many appreciate 
this fact, and have forwarded long lists of 
ni ftcribi i- from among their pupils; we 
trust many others will do thus wisely. 

Some of the first questions that arise in 
the mind of the young penman upon his ad- 
vent to the profession is, what shall I do ? 
how shall I do it, where and when shall I 
begin ? If these questions could be satis- 
factorily auswered, we suppose that there 
would not be a tithe, of the sad, sid fail- 
ures that are constantly ocenring. To a 
young man of the right stamp these ques- 
tions are very easilv answered. In answer 
to the first we would say qualify yourself 
thoroughly for the work, not only by be- 
coming a good penman, but by securing a 
good education ; cultivate the habit of 
speaking easily and fluently before any 
kind of an audience, attend a well organ- 
ized debating society, which will assist you 
greatly in the art of speaking ; cultivate a 
pleasing address (good manners has made 
many a fortune) — certainly no other one 
qualification contributes more to true suc- 
cess than a winning way, without it the 
most learned man is a probable failure. 

We remember a striking illustration 
which occured in Vermont when we were 
a lad of thirteen attending school in the 

little village of H , near Burlington. 

In that village lived two doctors, oue, Doc- 
tor B., was possessed of a superb education 
but had a sour, morose disposition and 
repulsive manners ; the other, Doctor O., 
possessed but very little education, but 
superior manners, always glad to see the 
poorest man in the village, inquiring very 
minutely as to the health, &c. , of every one 
he met. The result of the success of the two 
men may be summed up as follows : Doc- 
tor B. died aud was buried at the expense 
of the towu, whereas Doctor O. secured a 
fortune of upwards of $500,000, which may 
be attributed to his manners, as his educa- 
tion and knowledge of medicine was meagre 
indeed. Self reliance we regard as the 
alpha and omega of all true success ; our 
bravest, best and most s tie cess fnl men have 
been men of this stamp, but there are always 
far too mauy, I am sorry to say, 
ippendages to the manhood of oth- 
ers, without the energy of a positive, per- 
sonal life, inherent in themselves. They 
have no trade, no art, no profession, in- 
deed, nothing in which they are expert. 
They are family paupers, unable to do any- 
thing, except as they have a guiding genius 
to direct them. They are mere breathing 
machines ; too often they are as loose and 
vicious in their morals as they are helpl 
and dependent in their condition, 
this class we suppose it would be wo 
than casting pearls before swine to attempt 
to give words of advice, instruction or en- 

To be something and do something 
worthy of being a man, should be the de- 
termination of every young man. Where 
shall I go to do the best ? is an all absorb- 
ing question to the young penman. The 
young man of the east, in a wealthy com- 
munity, where large capital is required to 
embark in business, sees but little chance 
for him, but he should remember that the 
millionaires of the day have been for the 
most part poor, needy, and despised boys 
like himself, and that where there is a will 
there is a way, although it may lead 
through many bitter trials before reach- 
ing the goal of success. To be poor, there- 
fore, is by far from being the worst thing 
that can happen to a young mau. Who are 
the men of mark in American society ? who 
fill the best positions and acquire the am- 
plest fortunes ? By far the largest number 
come from the ranks of comparatively hum- 
ble life. Mauy young men leave home and 
go inio a new country to start business, act- 
ing upon that well known principle, that a 
prophet is not without honor save in his own 
country. This is true and yon will see such 
young men more uniformly successful than 
those that have not the energy to push out 
for themselves. The young man that strikes 
out and turns up something, will succeed 
thousand times where the young man who 
1 folds his arms and waits at home for some- 

thing to turn up, will succeed once. Do 
not depend on rich relations or upon the 
blue blood that flows in your viens from 
aristocratic ancestors, for if you do, you 
may rest assured that in your most trying 
hour of adversity they will surely desert 
you. "What do you know of ihe young 
man ? " asked the head of a large whole- 
sale dry goods house in Chicago, of an 
eastern acquaintance, who had introduced 
a young friend who wished to obtain a 
position as book-keeper in the establish- 
ment "Oh! I've known his father for a 
great many years," replied he. "We 
go nothing on daddyism in this house," 
waB the keen response of the dry goods 
princu, " tell me what you know of the 
young man himself, and of his capabili- 
ities;" his information in this direction was 
most amazingly meagre. The young man 
got no position the re. The truth is men 
nowadays must staud upon their own 
individual merits. In no department of 
life do men rise to eminence who have not 
undergone a long, diligent preparation ; 
for, whatever be the difference in mental 
powers of individuals, it is the cultivation 
of the mind alone that leads to distinction. 
If we look around and contemplate the 
history of those men whose talents aud 
acquirements we most esteem, we find 
their superior knowledge has been the re- 
sult of great labor and diligence. Energy 
aud perseverance are the handmaids of 
success, and the individual who possesses 
these requisites has usually the guarantee 
of triumph whatever opposing obstacles 
may seem to rise to thwart iiis purpose. 

Penmanship as a Science. 

Editor oftlie Penman s Art Journal. 

After many years' experience in teaching 
penmanship, and the geuerul business 
course, during which it has continually 
been my purpose to thoroughly investigate 
everything published upon the subject, I 
am satisfied that penmanship is both 
science and an art. I am also satisfied 
generally taught merely 
t thau otherwise, and that 
3 of the general failure to 
acquire what 1 would call a good business- 
hand (a perfectly legible hand, executed 
with ease and rapidity), is in supposing 
that the pupil only needs copies to imitate, 
and that little or no attention needs be 
given to either position or movements. If 
I mistake not the lauguge of Professor 
Russell in the April number, he rather 
ignores the latter thau otherwise, aud many 
seem to suppose that if one can form 
the letters of the alphabet, and flourish a 
few small birds, no attention should be 
given to the time or labor required, what 
length of time he would require to jour- 
nalize and post the books of a common 
house, or what style his penman- 
dd assume if he should execute 
fifty pages per day. 
-ware that every specieu of work, 
be called truly artistic, requires 
much time and taste in execution, and 
have often had reasons for believing that 
some of the finest pen artists, were at best, 
poor teachers of penmanship, and some- 
what like Bullion's Grammars to the pupils 
of our common schools. 

But it is generally admitted that there is 
a marked deficiency in the understanding 
and use of penmanship, and that there are 
errors in the present methods of teaching 
it, which may, and should be corrected. 
This becomes more evident when attention 
is given to the fact, that all classes of pu- 
pils acquire greater proficiency in it in a 
few weeks under some teachers, than they 
have been able to attain under others in 
many years, though their former teachers 
executed very superior specimens. 

I would not undervalue correct copies, 
nor for a moment encourage one as a 
teacher who could not execute at least a 
fair business hand, and I would he certain 
that the specimens he exhibits were not 
bought, as are a large proportion of those 
the business colleges of the I 

that it is mor 
an imitative i 
the great cau 

ship wo 
thirty o 

West, and used by transient teachers 
throughout the country. 

While earnestly encouraging the study 
and use of correct copies in their place, 
there seem to be good reasons why copies 
alone might be harmful if used without a 
due knowledge of the position and the 
movements necessary to execute them, as 
well as of their elements and applications. 
If one merely learns to imitate the lines in 
a copy, he is at best but a mimic, if not 
too slow and cramped in his movements to 
merit attention as a business penman. 

What 1b the result of the great ado, long 
continued over the mauy systems of pen- 
manship in the public schools of this coun- 
try, to say nothing of the so-called busi- 
ness colleges in which pupils use only en- 
graved copies? What compensation has 
been obtained for the vast sums of mouey, 
and the time consumed in merely trying to 
imitate these many fine and studied 
touches of engravers ? 

I do not thus seek the injury of any 
person or business, nor do I wish to engen- 
der controversy, but believe that light 
would be of great benefit to the public, 
ana wish to Bee The Penman's Art Jour- 
nal become a necessity with every live 
teacher. Most respectfully yours, 

Thos. J. Btrant. 

Nationality ot Handwriting. 
It is a remarkable fact, that no man can 
ever get rid of the style of handwriting 
peculiar to his country. ' If he be English, he 
alwavs writes in the English style; ifFrench 
in French style; if German, Italian, or 
Spanish, in the style peculiar to his nation. 
Professor B— states: "I an acquainted 
with a Frenchman, who has parsed all his 
life in England, who speaks English like 
one of our own countrymen, and writes it 
with ten times the correctness of ninety-nine 
in a hundred of us: hut yet who cannot, for 
the life of him. imitate our mode of writing. 
I knew a Scotch youth, who wan educated 
entirely in France, and resided eighteen 
years in that country, mixed exclusively 
with French people, hut who, although he 
had a French writing-master, and, perhaps, 
never Raw anything but French writing in' 
his life, yet wrote exactly in the English 
style ; it was really national instinct. In 
Paris, all the writing-masters profess to 
teach the English style of writing; but, 
with all their professions, and all their 
exertions, they can never get their pu- 
pils to adopt any but the cramped hand 
of the French. Some pretend to he able to 
tell the characteristics of individuals from 
their handwritings. I know not how this 
may be, but certainly the nation to which an 
individual belongs can be instantly deter- 
mined by his handwriting. The difference 
between the American or English and the 
Frenc hbandwriting is immense— a school-hoy 
would distinguish it at a glance. Mix together 
a hundred sheets of manuscript written by a 
hundred Frenchmen, aud another hundred 
written by Englishmen or Americans, and 
no one could fail to distinguish every one of 
them, though all should lie written" in the 
same language, and with the same pens and 
paper. The difference between Italian, 
Spanish, and German handwritingsis equally 
decided. In fact, there is about as great a 
difference in the handwritings of different 
nations as in their languages. And it is a 
singular truth, that, though a man may 
shake off national habits, accent, manner of 
thinking, style of dress— though he may 
become perfectly identified with another na- 
., and speak its language well, perhaps 

"—Popular Monthly. 


designed find engraved especlaUy for displaying 

of Writing, Schools. Colleges, Ac. By using these 

likely to be read and preserved. 

i'!' 1 - in i l< ■ I .■ ■ PlatFH will be sent 

by mail to any address, at low prices, Inclose stomp 


all classes of Engraving, 
estimate before giving on: 

r Diploma* it ml S|.«.,i- 

New YoitG.B 


bll.h.d Monthly n 

1 (I.OOper Vr 

r). T. AMES. Eniroi 

.■ ,, fmowwn ""•■. 

305 Brcdw»y 

Mew Tort. 

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rntinim, nob of which ari>..n,onjf tile fluent I 

of pcnmnti*bi)i 8TBC pablUhMl, fit : 

i hoOi ■ . ■ ■ i . . . i . > i PJotimo< Prograu... 90x98 I 

The HutUr* <'«-«-l iflrat. 18x99 

[Tie] ■ nrd . 18«33 

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Or 1M> D>*utlfii1 Hcroll ObxOm, isdim-rnnl <1< 

, ibroi 

I 110, m will forward 1 


ould bo by pn.t-nfncp nrder or by 

OUT rt.k. 


■J05 Broadway, New York. 


and address very distinctly. 


YORK. JUNE. 1877. 

The Success of the Journal Assured. 

Undoubtedly many persons who were 

Interested in, and earnestly desired the 

success of the Journal have, iu view of 
past experience, deemed it at least pru- 
dent to withhold their .subscriptions until 
it pave some assurance, beyond the mere 
faot of its existence, for permanence and 
success. Could such doubters have been 
present during the past month, in onr 
sanctum, and witnessed the floods of let- 
ters, as they have come pouring in, bring* 
ing subscriptions and messages most flatter- 
ii>R and encouraging, we are certain that 
nil nidh doubts would have vanished. We 
have Iti'fi) delight. <il mnl encouraged be- 
vi'ii'l raoaBIlre, at these liberal manifesta- 
tions of approval and support; which in 
view of. the great and general depression 

in bnainen, has snrp^sed our most san- 
P*q1d expectations, While we have never 
doubted <mr ability to continue the pub- 
Uoation of the journal, we have feared 
that we might not secure patronage suffl- 

ri.'ntiv liberal to enable us to bring it np 
to and maintain it at the high standard of 
beauty and excellence which we have pic- 
tured to ourselves as a criterion for a 
Penman's Art Journal. 

These fears are now removed ; the per- 
manence and sueiess of the Jochnal is a* 
snred, and our patrons can rely, not ouh 

Photo -Engraving and Printing. 

There are now three essentially different 
methods of reprodaction, viz: the alher- 
type, or, as it is sometimes called, photo 
print, which is printed from glass plates 
and by it photographs, paintings, and 
drawings in pencil, and all minor tints are 
reproduced perfectly, in all but the colors, 
which are represented by different degrees 
of light and dark shades. Printing by 
this process is slow and expensive, and 
therefore comparatively little used, except 
where the reproduction of photographs 
and tiots is required. 

The photo-lithographic process is more 
extensively used ; the print ing is done from 
Btone ; all drawings for reproduction hy 
this method are required to be in clear, 
black lines, or stipple, very delicate or 
gray lines are either lost or have a broken, 
ragged appearance in the print. 

ThiB process is adapted to the reproduc- 
tion of all kinds of pen work, especially 
that requiring large prints, also for maps, 
music, steel and wood engravings .to. 

The other process is known as photo-en- 
graving, by winch are produced relief 
plates, on type metal, similar to, and used 
the same as electrotypes from wood engrav- 
ings, and type to print npon a common 
printing press. Drawings for this process, 
like the former, are required to be drawn 
in very strong black lines, it is adapted to 
the reproduction of all business forms, 
newspaper cuts, portraits, buildings, land- 
scopes, engravings. An,, &c The head- 
ings and other nts in illustrating our 
joumnl are made by this process. 

To those desiring to execute work for 
reproduction by either of these methods 
we would offer the following suggestions 
as the result of onr own experience and 
observations in that direction. 

1. All drawings should be made upon 
a flue quality of hristol board — nsing the 
finest quality of jet bluek india ink ; make 
the drawings about twice the length and 
width of the desired print, taking special 
care that all hair lines are clear and strong. 

The ink should be freshly ground from 
the stick in an ink-tray, on the day it is to 
he used, ink standing over night does not 
flow as readily, and seems to lose its hard- 
ness when drv, so that it is larcelv removed 
from the drawing by the rubber in erasing 
the pencil lines ; nil pencil or guidf lines 
should be made as lightly as possible and 
be carefully removed on completion of the 
work with soft sponge rubber. 

Hardly an Even Exchange. 

We have received a large number of 
commercial college journals, and oth' 
school papers, in several instances, accor 
panied with notes, asking us to mail 
The Penman's Art Journal regularly in 

We believe a moment's reflection, witt 
our aid, will serve to convince such parties 
that fchev ask more than is equitable and 
just. Their papers, with some excep- 
tions are merely school circulars, issued once 
a year, six months, or occasionally, precisely 
as the individual interests of the publisher 
may direct. They are not sustained in 
any degree by subscriptions, or designed 
for circulation as a regular periodical ; 
where then is the justice, or even propriety 
of asking us to give the Journal regularly, 
once a month, in exchange for an oc- 
casional school journal? 

It affords us pleasure to receive and 
acknowledge such papers, many of which 
are evidence of no ordinary degree of 
enterprise and success on the part of their 

A. P. Root is teaching writing in city 
schools, Cleveland, O. He is an excellent 

George W. Latimer succeeds Mr. Wm. 
Allen Miller in the Paterson, N. J., Busi- 
ness Training School. 

H. W. Kibbe, of Utica, writes a very 
handsome letter, and executes very fine 
ornamental penmanship. 

E. M. Hoffman is teaching writing at 
Healdsberg, Cal. He sends us some very 
fine specimens of copy writing. 

D. H. Farley, teacher of penmanship in 
the State Norman School, Trenton, N. J., 
is a skilful teacher and excellent penman. 

Mr. J. French, who has beeu a success- 
ful teacher of writing for many years, is 
taking a short vacation nt his home in 
Effingham, III. 

D. W. Brown, teacher of writing at 
Keystone Academy. Factoryville, Pa., in- 
closes a very creditable specimen of pen- 
manship for one not claiming long practice, 
also a specimen indicating the marked 
improvement made by one of his pupils 
from two months' instruction in writing. 

Professor I. S. Preston, who has been 
teaching writing iu Brooklyn and vicinity 
for some years past, is about starting 
classes in Watertown and Northern New 
York He will be accompanied by Mr. 
Frank Tryon ; both are skilful penmen 
and will undoubtedly secure large classes. 

John P. Cloonan, Sandy Hill, N. Y„ 
although not a professional penman, beiug 
a good business writer and accountant, has 
a lively appreciation of the Journal and fine 
penmanship. To him belongs the honor 
of pending the first club of subscribers to 
the Journal. Mr. Cloonon has mani- 
fested an interest in, and rendered ser- 
vices of great value to the Journal, for 
which lie has our most earnest thanks. 

time because the oolumi 
too short, or too few 

again apologizing ; 

the Journa 
irtainly they a 

upon its regular visits, but that it shall do full, and much interesting matter remains 
so with Its robea Of beauty, and degree of outside. For thii we can ODly apologize 
EXOallanoe increasing, according to the to contributors whose interesting articles 
measure of their own liberality, and the thus deferred, and will endeavor to give 
growing light of our own experience. | them a place in our next issue. 

G. R. Rathburn, principal of the 
Western Business College, Omaha, Neb., 
has sent us a very elaborate and fine 
specimen, which has been accepted for 
publication in the "Compendium." 

Thomas J. Stewart, penman at the 
Capital City Commercial College, Trenton, 
N. J., has sent us several of the most ele- 
gantly written letters we have received; hia 
writing is excellent in every respect, 

J. D. Montgomery, Milton Mills, N. H., 
sends two pieces of very free, gracetul, off- 
hand flourishing, and also a good specimen 
of plain writing ; like most other specimens 
recived, they are too delicate for reproduc- 

P. E, Holly, Forrestville, Conn., in- 
closes some very neat specimens of card 
writing, especially one, on which the 
" Lord's Prayer " is inscribed inside of a 
circle, the size of a three cent piece, and 
is a pleasing novelty. 

H. C. Kendall of Boston, Mass., sends 
us three fine specimens of off-hand flour- 
ishing ; we regret that the extreme delicacy 
of his lines renders their reproduction 
upon relief plates impossible, and conse- 
quently prevents us from presenting them 
in the columns of the Journal. 

Answers to 

[Under this head we sh.dl iu each issue- 
notice with appropriate remarks, all credit- 
able specimens of penmanship, plain or 
ornamental, which have been received 
during the previous month.") 

F. P. Prenitt, Wabasha, Minn., incloses 
specimens of very skilful off-hand writing. 

W. E. Dennis, Chester, N. H. , writes 
an elegant letter, inolosiug fine card speei- 

Gus.Hulsizer, Toulon, 111., favors us with 
a variety of pen flourished cards, which are 
very attractive, 

G. T. Oplinger. Slatiugtou, Pa., sends us 
a quantity of very handsome designs for 
flourished cards. 

C. F. Huntington, New Richmond, 
Wis., writes a handsome letter inclosing 
some fine specimens of card writing. 

Oliver B. Goldsmith, the veteran pen- 
man of New York, hands us some very 
handsome specimen sheets, engraved from 
his writing and flourishing. 

E. L. Burnett of Elmira, N. Y., sends 
several specimens of cards und flourishing, 
which, though very creditable, lack that 
clear, bold appearance of a master pen- 
Joseph Foeller, jr., sends us a fine speci- 
men of letter writing, and a very beautiful 
piece of off-hand flourishing, but too deli- 
cate for reproduction, or we would serve it 
up for the Journal. 

C. N. Hamilton, New AuguBta, Iud., 
Bends a photograph, of a large pen portrait 
of Washington, which is too much reduced 
in size to enable us to judge very much of 
the quality of the original 

C. L. V., Millersville, N. Y. -How many 
plates are there in "Williams anil Packard's 
Gems?" Aus. Fifty. Is there any instruction 
in penmanship giveu the-eiu ? Aus. None 
but plain and ornamental copies. Are any 
of the plates in the " Gems" duplicated iu 
the "Guide?" Abb. None. Can you 
famish both ? If so give price of each. 
Aus. Yes, five dollars for " Gems," two dol- 
lars and fifty cents for " Guide." Please 
give the length aud width of each in 
inches. Ads. 9ixl2. 

W. H. K., Ishpeming, Mich. — You can 
improve your writing without the aid of a 
teacher by procuring the hand-book of 
instruction, and a set of copy-books of 
either the Spencorian or Puyson & Dun- 
ton systems ; study carefully the text-book, 
at the same time you practice after the 
copies. If you desire something more 
brief and less expensive, addres D. S. 
Mnsslemeu, Quiucy, Ed. 

E.C. B., North Grantham, N. H.— To 
make card writing alone pay is very diffi- 
cult, aud is seldom done ; in connection 
with teaching writing, or other | en work, 
it is ofter profitable ; you write a good 
business hand, and other qualifications 
being equal, you ought to be able to 
secure a paying position, ulthough such 
positions are rare at the present time. 

A. G. W„ Footville, Wis.— Although 
your writing is not up to a standard re- 
quisite for a teacher or professional pen- 
man, it possesses the qualities of good 
business writing, being easy, graceful and 
quite rapid ; with a very little practice un- 
der the tuition of a really skilful teacher, 
you would write an excellent hand. 

J. C. MoC, Pingree Grove, HI.— We 
will endeavor in some future number of the 
Journal, to publish some selections suit- 
able for inscriptions in albums. Will 
readers please send us contributions, orig- 
inal or selected, for that purpose? 

F, W. M. Peoria, HI.— Your cards are 
very creditable, considering your age and 
practice. You should have some skilful 
artiBt to criticise the form ot your bird, 
and point out to you its imperfections. 

D. W. B., Factoryville, Pa.— Will answer 
you in detail in next number of Journal ; 
your specimen received, too delicate for 
use ; see advice to penmen aud artists in 
another column. 

J. C. M., Evansville, Iud. — It is desirable 
that work designed for "Ames" Compen- 
dium," should be sent in as soon as possi- 
ble, but positively before August let. 


Why Penmen Should Subscribe for the 

1. Because they will thereby obtain, and 
can profit by the best thoughts and expe- 
riences of others in their profession. 

2. If they have ideas or experiences of 
their own, valuable or interesting to others 
it presents the best medium through 
which they can be communicated. Such 
comparison of thought is alike advantage- 
ous to writer and reader. 

Because it treats upon a subject in which 
everybody has au interest "Who does not 
desire to write well aud is not pleased to 
see skilful penmanship. The journal 
will instruct its readers how to execute 
the one, aud will present a pleasing and 
extensive variety of the other. 

Advice to Penmen and Artists who Pre- 
pare Copy for Reproduction. 

We invite thr special attention of pen- 
men or artists, who purpose executing 
work, designed for reproduction by any of 
the photographic methods, to au article on 
another page, giving important informa- 
tion upon that subject. Much time and 
skill is now wasted by persons unacquainted 
with the requirements of these several 
methods, upon work which is entirely 
worthless when completed. We are in 
daily receipt of specimens of penman- 
ship and drawings, some very elaborate 
and of a hierh degree of merit, aud 
designed by the sender for publication, 
which are so entirely wanting in some of 
the particular essentials for reproduction, 
as to render their use impossible. This 
deficiency most frequently arises from the 
use of pale iuk or too delicate a pen — but 
often from scratchy, inartistic lines. Work 
must be in very clear, strong, black lines, 
especially so for photo- en graving upon 
relief plates. 

A Good Time to Advertise. 
Above all seasons in the year, the time 
during the next four months is the best 
for advertising. Especially is it so for all 
penmen who wish to secure cood ulaces as 
teachers for the coming season. Principals 
of business colleges and others are often 
on the lookout for better men than they 
have, also teachers sometimes would turn 
their places over to others if they could find 
good ones to take them. There are changes 
continually occurring, and especially iu the 
summer, and good strong advertising in 
the Journal will be apt to yield fruit. 

It Pays. 

There is, probably, no one accomplish- 
ment eqnal to a good handwriting as an 
aid to a lady or gentleman seeking employ- 
ment in any commercial or business per- 

It is an accomplishment which always 
SDeaks for itself. We have known business 
firms to advertise for clerks and assistants, 
requiring all applicants to address a letter in 
their own handwriting, the letter being the 
only evidence required as to qualification ; 
aud we will venture that it seldom hap- 
pened that the best qualified applicant 
was not the successful one. It therefore 
pays, in a business point of view, while as 
an accomplishment it can hardly be over- 
estimated. No lady or gentleman can 
afford to allow any good opportunity for 
bettering their writing to pass unim- 

Packard's Complete Course of Business 

Packard's Complete Course of Business 
Training is a work of ninety-three pages, 
and contains more practical common sense, 
skilfully applied to business and accounts, 
than any other work of nearly equal 
size we have ever examined. Like every 
thing else from Professor Packard's pen, 
it is the very essence of the matter on 
which it treats. No teacher of book-keep- 
ing should fail to examine it. 

Exchange Items. 

The Chirographic Medley, published by 
William Clark, Toledo, Iowa, is devoted 
largely to the subject of penmanship, and 
is full of interesting reading matter. 

JamesT. Knauss, who recently purchased 
the business college at Ea-ston, Pa., sends 
us one of the most sensible, tasty, college 
papers we have seen ; it speaks well for its 

The Belleville, Ont, College Journal, 
published by S. G. Beatty A Co., is an 
eight page paper, of fine general appear- 
ance, filled with sensible reading matter 
and information concerning the excellent 
course of instruction piven in the college. 

C. G. Swensbery, Grand Rapids, Mioh., 
publishes a large four page college jour- 
nrl, containing considerable interesting 
reading matter, especially a lecture before 
his students by Harvey J. Hollister, ib 
replete with sound, sensible advice to 
young men. 

A Rare Prize for all Lovers of Skilful 
We shall continue to send a copy of the 
John D. Williams master -piece, which was 
fully described in our May issue, to each 
new subscriber, until further notice It 
receives the most fluttering praise from all 

Professor S. S. Packard. — Ton are quite 
right in assuming that Mr. Williams con- 
sidered this specimen his best effort in the 
way of lettering and flourishing combined. 
I am sure that whoever possesses this fine 
work can honestly claim to have the most 
perfect and elaborate specimen of off-hand 
flourishing yet produced. 

well enough to have concert movements in' 
general muscular drills on practice paper, 
or iu tracing a copy with a dry pen, sim- 
ply to pet the movement ; but when it 
comes to the writing itself, the best result 
requires more individual liberty. No pu- 
pil can write as well when required to 
keep time with others as when left free. 
If any one doubts tbis, let him try the ex- 
periment himself." 

Ttie above item comes to us from some 
unknown person who evidently desires our 
opinion upon the subject. 

The practice of requiring pupils to ac- 
company the strokes of the pen with 
counting in concert, may serve a good pur- 
pose, with advanced and well classified 
pupils in the hands of a skillfull teacher 
of writing, but when practiced in large 
classes of young and poorly classified pupils 
by an unprofessional teacher, it is the 
worst of humbugs, and can not be too 
severely condemned. — Ed. 

A method of writing without iuk or pen , 
— write with a pencil. 

Recipe for making ink:— Take a barrel , 
of soft water, put in cellar ; when dark, 
bottle for use. 

A seutence of thirty-one letters contain- 
ing all the letters of the alphabet : "Jack, 
don't quiz, vex, whip or flog my boys." 

An apology for not making progress in 
penmanship: "If I should write better 
people would fiud out how I spell." 

It was demonstrated :c the Howland will 
cose, where a forgery was alleged, that the 
chances that a signature could be made 
twice alike were as 1 to 2,666,000,000,000,- 

which seem 

1 M ittisou 

all of the 

of foolscap 

Italian shade writing is like the punish - 
meut preferred by a Bchool-boy — light 
strokes downward, heavy strokes upward. 

The letters S X Z and and the numerals 
3 and 8 are exceptions to the rule " seeing 
is believing," as the parts 
equal or nearly so, will, who 
show a marked difference iu siz 

A blind man named M itthe 
has written as much as to writ) 
Old Testament on 
pap*r, and is at present learning phonog- 
raphy by which he expects to write the 
Same iu the space of a square inch. He 
has also executed what appear to be fine 
steel engraved portraits of distinguished 
authors, but which upon close inspection 
are found to be the works of the author 
written in full. 

[The editor of this journal is not. respons- 
ible for all the spouting done by this Pen- 

American Brains. 

The Thunderer of London is right. There 
are brains in American industry. Why, the 
great Corliss engine at the Centennial Ex- 
hibition had brains, for I saw it pick up ita 
own valves and drop theni when there was 
just steam enough on, and very few men 
can be trusted to do that. It had so much 
sense it would not waste a pound of steam, 
for it knew that steam cost money. 

American brains shine in the high finish 
and exact fitness of the work that is com- 
manding even the markets of Asia. It is the 
busy brain behind the cunning hand that 
guides the great artisan to perfect his work- 
manship, just as the colorB of the artist 
must be mixed with brains if they are to be 
radiant forever. And yet American indus- 
try has been struggling under the disad- 
vantages arising from political disturbances 
and financial disorder. We must endeavor 
to remove our professional politics from the 

Professor B. F. Kelley says it is a model 
in all respects to be imitated but not ex- 

Professor J. B. Jjtm$b>.y. — I am aston- 
ished that even Williams could have pro- 
duced anything so near perfection. The 
flourishing, lettering, shading and stip- 
pling are marvels of accuracy and beauty, 
while the reproduction fully equals the 

The College TeU-Tale.— It is the finest 
piece of lettering and flourishing that Mr. 
Williams ever did, and is considered by 
penmen as wholy unexcelled. It is the 
finest specimen of photo-lithography we 

Counting While Writing. 

"It seems that there is a recent educa- 
tional gimcitiek called concert- writing, or 
a plan for making a school full of children 
keep time in the strokes of their pens on 
the copy book. The Indiana School Jour- 
nal thus disposes of it : Concert -writing is 
a humbug. 1. Because it is impracticable 
with most teachers. Nine teachers out of 
ten who pretend to teach concert- wri ting 
utterly fail in the concert. Many and 
mauy a time has the writer gone into a 
school and found the teacher trying to 
have the children write in concert. The 
teacher would Bay, one, two ; one, two 
three, four ; one, two, three ; one, two, 
&c. ; or, up, down, up, down ; up dowu &c. ; 
but only a few times has he found the 
children keeping time with this counting. 
It is safe to say that not one teaoher in 
ten who attempts to teach children to 
write iu concert succeeds, even creditably. 
2. Even if children could be made to 
write together, it dose not pay. It may be 

Why is a specimen of penmanship like 
a dead pig ? Because it is done with the 

Children at school learn the alphabet, 
but do not acquire the syllables ba-be-by 
until after graduation. 

A. Bragg informs us that he can write a 
four-page letter (commercial note) in five 
minutes and make nothing of it. 

"It is a good thing to have a handsome 
penman for a beau," said Fannie, as she 
glanced over a billet doux of a friend. , 
"Yes," replied Jennie, "if the penman is 
handsome I don't care how ugly the pen- 
manship is. 

The importance of legibility in penman- 
ship was illustrated by a telegram received 
by an affectionate husband whose honey- 
moon had but recently pasted, which read 
as follows: "Your wife had a child last 
night — doing well now." The intelligence 
intended to be conveyed was that she bad 
a chill. 

Jacob, — " Fritz, did you efer see a man 
write mit a hog pen ?" 

Fritz. — " Was ish das you ask by me ?" 

Jacob. — " I shoost now heard a man say 
be could write shoost as veil mit a pig pen 
as a leetle von." 

"I live by the pen," said one of those 
writing masters who impart a beautiful hand 
writing in "six easy lessons," and whose 
"cheek" far excels his ueatuoss. "In- 
deed," said the person addressed, *' I 
thought you lived in it" 

pathway of intelligent industry. There is a 
chance for strokes of stuteemant-hip. 

One virtue in which Americans are not 
oonspieuous they need to complete the 
round of their triumphs. It is thrift. The 
growth of two blades of grass or two stalks 
of grain where there was one should be cele- 
brated. Cutting down trees was the begin- 
ning of our industry. The time has come 
to plant trees, and to cover the fields with 
clover to bind up the wounds of the soil — 
to restore to the fire-swept deserts the 
blooming wilderness, tt-nipting the gentle 
rains from heaven that the waste places may 
be fruitful, that the rivers may not run tur- 
bid with the riches of the earth to the Beas. 
and that the prent continent we inherit may 
be good for the generations that are to come 

The Soul of Eloquenci 

nice ? to rule them to persuade 

Theift filigree ornament*, ur 

Coht time mid pains pletise 1 

Id autumn 'moag the dry an 

wrinkled loaves. 


Bv its own impulse to impel 

be tuarti 

1 atiidv earnestly, 

Toil oo [or ever, plc.-o louetli 

r fragments, 

i, a struggling light 


But never hope to -Or the he 

rte of men. 

By words which uouio not ii» 


The Only Way to First-clam Penman- 

I ever BH a borne in a tread mill 

■-I remaining in the 

i . perhaps, Likp the 

lirnl in his wheel, with nil his 

toftf not get ahead. 

I they would 

miles of ground with the aame 

■ they nee apon tin- n heel in 

i n 't,i attfole «<• will hope 

: ,1 luiLitv ui t!n> profession of 

i nig in a treadmill and 

making no progress, wasting ve,ir* in raoti 

.< mI I... bllity, in d \ ind reputation 

the? "r" no better off than yi 
i . ■■ m thi ■ treadmfll< theg wondei 

why tl" ,, "in!:'' no progress, for truly they 
tlj straggling to get ahead. 

The;, and practice, arid think and 
think, lint yot do not become first-class 
penmen, all because they are working in a 
treadmill. Do yon ask what this treadmill 
in ? We answer. Ignorance! We know it 
is so, for we have also worked years in ig- 
Doranee and wasted time whioh is money, 
and patience, all because we did not know 
how really ignoraui m were, There are 
hundreds of things we now see that we did 
not then, and so many times have we been 
shown new things which hud never before 

OOOUrred to US thai we have been forced 

i,, , , thai our slow progress was owing to 
mated Sort in ignorance. We once 
thonght wo knew it all and only needed 
practice to make "s perfeot, but how thor- 
onchly have we teamed the truth of the 
proverb, the " fool fa wise in bin own oon- 

oeil " H ■ etghl years since we had the 

■ i fortune to be chosen to aol as speoial 

agent for the introduction of Bpeuoer 

copybooks into the public sohoolsoi the 

West During three years in this work we 
WAn constantly discussing methods of 
teaching penmanship with well t dueatcd 

prjblio sohool teaohers. Each had his no- 

tion of how lo explain letters, conduct 

elands, ,ve., and among the H Bauds 

are mel wi gained a host of new ideas of 

Hi. rormsnf letters and how to view and 

■i, more than we ever thonght 

conld have possibly been discovered. A 
lienoe of two years as Knperin- 

tendenl of writing in tie- St. r.ouis nohools 

enabled ns with seven hundred teachers to 
test the various method* which had been 
gathered i" previous work, and so satisfied 
are we thai there are hundreds of excellent 
ideas not embodied in any published sys- 
bm or Key. Mint we do not hesitate to say 

thai when all that Es published is learned 

there is n vnst number of ideas and methods 
that one will be ignorant of. We do not 

wish to condemn mtthors for not publish- 
ing more, for it is not possible to make 
many things clear in books without great 
Cflbrl ami expense. We are s;iti-li,.,l Mini 
no one has ever become a first-class pen- 
man from studying books nor writing nfter 

Me- models in oopy-booke, and when we 
consider the chances of i ( e making him- 
self first class by practice mid stmlv atone, 
we feel sure he will work in a tread-mill so 
long as he does it. There are hundreds in 

this country who think they understand 

penmanship and need only practice to do 

Brat-class work. We nave seen Boorea fail 

who labored in this W»y, ami we feel safe 
in asserting that with such Hie ohanoes are 

twentrj i.. om <■- an il snoci ■■■■ 

That there are so few renllv first-class 

penmen is owing to the fact that the many 
"in- aspire b new ■■- ad< pi the tread null 

plftn, which never did ami never will make 

e penman. True, there are many who read 
this thai have acquired some skill by their 

own efforts mid think that continued effort 

will crown them with sup.mor ability. 

While we will not :il1ii'ni that wonders will 

not continue to happen, we should like to 

learn who outside of the genius of :i Spen- 

ecr or it Williams have ever been o t\ 

warded. Th- ■■■ h.n ■ l.,.ii many eugiueers 

who have tried the experiment of oaaauui 

two engines to pass each other upon the 
same track, but' it yet remains for a genius 

to do successfully. We presume engineers 
will continue to try to solve the problem, 
but we think all who thoroughly under- 
stand the experience of others will not 
deem it a wise experiment. We ask who 
is there iu this country who is a famous 
penman who was self-made ? We think we 
cau point to fifty failures to each success. 
The history of famous English penmen for 
ovei three hundred years gives the names 
of those who trained tliem. The pupils of 
great penmen were the ones who became 
great, and so their pupils in turn became 
experts. In America, to-day, strip from us 
the pupils of Spencer and Williams or the 
pupils of those who were traiued by them, 
and how many fine penmen have we ? 
How many have become self-taught pen- 
men ? Some may think we would have 
them give up trying, that we do not en- 
courage those who ore climbing. To all 
such we say do not give up the art, but by 
all meaus be wise and give up the plan of 
becoming self-made. If you are not a fiue 
penman go to one and become so. Don't 
think that because some one has called you 
professor that it is beneath your dignity, 
or that you ure too old. There is only one 
right way, and that is to place yourself 
under the training of some teacher whose 


soon be seen that with abundant knowledge 
and well guided practice combined that all 
previous couceit will quickly vanish, and 
an ability to eiecute beautiful and artistic 
work will rapidly be gained. Not only tUs, 
but first-class ability to teach will be ac- 
quired. Whoever strives to win success in 
penmanship with poor ability will learn to 
regard it as a curse to his success. And 
whoever attempts to make others fine pen- 
men when he does not well understand the 
best methods of teaching the art is a curse 
to his pupils, for they get into bad habits 
which may last their lifetime. Nearly 
every teacher of public schools is of this 
class. Who ever saw a fine penman who 
was traiued in public schools ? We have 
too many quack teachers ; blind leaders of 
the blind. 

The Late Professor E. H. Werst. 

It is with sorrow that we are called upon 
to chronicle the death of another of Amer- 
ica's most prominent penmen, 

Professor E. H. Werst. of Hellertown, 
Pa,, departed this Ufe, from dropsy of the 
heart aud liver complaint, at his residence, 
on the evening of 12th of May last, having 
been confined to his bed about sis mouths. 
During his confinement he rallied several 
times, the symptoms of his disease indicat- 
ing improvement, and his family and 
friends were flattered with hopes for his 
recovery ; but about four weeks ago a 
relapse took place, and despite of all that 
medical skdl could suggest, or affectionate 
care acoompliah, he rapidly sank and 
passed away, lamented by a large circle of 
friends, iu the very prime of life, having 
brought his age to thirty-seven years and 
three months. 

It may not be out of place here to state, 

for the benefit of our readers who were 
not personally acquainted with him, that 
Mr. Werst was a stroug, powerful man, 
with a fair promise to Jive many years, 
weighing in his best time two hundred 
and ninety pounds, thus verifying the oft- 
quoted truth, " In the midst of life we are 

The subject of our sketch was boru in 
Hellertown, Pa . on the 2ith of January, 
1840. At an early age evidences of that 
artistic talent commenced to crop out, 
which afterwards placed him in the fore- 
most rank of pen artists. He attended 
the public school of his native place until 
the age of nineteen when he entered the 
Qniikertown Normal and Classical School, 
then under the direction of the Rev. A. R. 
H»rne, a gentlemau of great scholastic 
attainments, of which iustitution he subse- 
quently became the instructor of penman- 
ship. In 1865 he placed himself under 
the instruction of the talented H. C. 
Spencer, one of the famous Spencer 
brothers. Iu 1867 he formed a co-partner- 
ship with Professor T. D. King, then 
well known by the fraternity as a renowned 
penman, aud gentleman of marked ability. 
They labored for a number of years with 
abundant success in the various cities and 
towns of the Middle States, Later Profes- 
sor Werst established a wiitiug academy 
at Hellertown, where he was engaged for 
a number of years in preparing young 
men for the penman's profession. 

Several frames of the most artistic off- 
hand flourishing on exhibition at the cen- 
tennial last year, were from his pen, placed 
there without his knowledge or consent, 
while others received the credit of his skill 
and hard-earned labor. He loved his pro- 
fession, and gave himself up to it with a 
tenacity and devotion seldom wituessed. 
He was an excellent teacher, and would not 
recognize anything but a near approach to 
perfection. Possessing a large amount of 
artistic taste his company was sought by 
many penmen aud lovers of the beautiful. 
The halls of his academy and residence 
are decorated with magnificent samples of 
his matchless off-hand flourishes and orna- 
mental work. Strickly speaking, Pro- 
fessor Werst was a self-made man, obliged, 
like the world's greatest aud best men, to 
work his way through life single-handed. 
As a due recognition of true friendship, 
the writer remembers with pride the many 
pleasant hours he spent in his Btudio. 
The deceased was widely known, and held 
in high respect by all who came within 
the sphere of his influence. Being a man 
of ripe understanding and sound judg- 
ment, he was ever alive to the best inter- 
ests of the community in which he lived. 
Personally he was a genial and courteous 
gentlemau, full of kindly impulses, and 
his strict integrity aud many amiable 
characteristics won to him a host of friends, 
who sincerely mourn his departure and 
extend to his deeply bereaved widow and 
two children a heartfelt condolence. Pro- 
fessor Werst leaves behind him, in the 
hearts of his pupils and friends, a monu- 


ment broader than the most imposing 
shaft of granite or marble ever reared by 
man. James T. Knaoss. 

Penmen should bear in miud that tho 
Journal is the only pi nodical devoted ex- 
clusively to the Art of Penmanship, pub- 
lished in the United States, aud so far as 
we are informed, in the world, The pub- 
lishers are practical penmen of long and 
large experience, and will spare no pains 
to render the Journal interesting, and 
profitable not only to all in the profession, 
but to pupils in and admirers of skil- 
ful penmanship. We tru t and, judging 
from our experience thus far, believe that 
penmen will give liberal support, both in 
matter and subscriptions to a publication 
so peculiarly their own. 

Should the Journal reach any person 
who is not a subscriber, we ask him to con- 
sider it a personal invitation to subscribe, 
and invite others to do likewise. Sample 
copies sent for 10 cents. 


s to the human 
■ a block of marbl 
The foundations 
is, the ascending grad 
, and the guarau 

states and 
honor and fan 
glorious hereafter : 
Yet how vast (he number of brair 
left are uncultured, while it is an undeni- 
able fact that most of the vice and dishonesty 
now so prevalent are the products uf igno- 
rance aud a low grade of mental and moral 

While a few States now enforce compul- 
sory education to a limited extent, neither of 
the States nor the general government has 
yet determined just Low extended or brond 
the course of compulsory education shall be, 
nor just what right the State or general 
government has to compel parents to qual- 
ify their children, by an education that will 
fully develop their higher natures, for a 
faithul discbarge of the various duties de- 
volving upon all citizens of a republican 

It is claimed by many statesmen and 
scholars that the parents have not the right 
to withhold from their children an education 
that would capacitate them for intelligent 
citizenship, and with average native talents, 
the occupancy of the highest offices in the 
administration of State aud Notions! nffairh. 

To maim the mind, by depriving it of the 
requisite culture to fully develop and at- 
tune it for service, is consul) n-il by progres- 
sive reasoners as wicked and cruel as to 
maim or cripple the body. Dwarfed or un- 
developed minds are greater impediments to 
the progress of art, science, literature, civili- 
zation and the national welfare than de- 
formed and crippled bodies. 

Considering these premises it is behaved 
to be the right and moral duty of the Slate 
and Nation to demand that those who are, in 
future, to be her strength or weakness — 
who are to control her destinies — shall pos- 
sess, at least, such educational qualifications 
as will prepare them to secure for their 
country a high and honorable position in 
the family circle of states or nations. 

In our opinion, education may be justly 
regarded as the foundation of national 
the subjei 

and child* 

wai.U of'. 


owe allegia. 
therefor, the nation should protect the pa- 
rent in his right to property and the pursuit 
of happiness, and guarantee to the child the 
highest national and Civil riebt and blessing 

— an education. — Battle?* Catalogue, Literary 
Institute, 2feu> OrUaw. 


Kind Words for the Journal. 

The Tell Talr, published by the students 
<>f l'ltck.-u'd's JJusiueas College: "We have 
received a copy of the Penman's Art 
Journal, published at 2<i;*i Broadway. We 
can recommend it to all interested in pen- 
manship and excellent reading matter. 
Prof. D. T. Ames is the presiding genius." 
The Student's Journal, published by A. 
J. Graham, author of the " Standard Sys- 
tem of Phonography," 563 Broadway, New 
York : " D. T. Anies, who some years ago 
conducted a commercial college in Syra- 
cuse, iu whii-h standard phonography was 
made an important department, under 
Prof. Holmes, is now in this city, at 205 
Broadway, publishing a journal devoted to 
penmanship, and by the aid of photogra- 
phy will give specimens of chirographic 
masterpieces. There is probably no man 
on the continent better qualified than 
Prof. Ames to conduct such a periodical. 
The products of hisskilful pen are many aud 
beautiful, and show that he is truly an M. 
P. — not Member of Parliament, but Mas- 
ter of Penmanship. Of course the lovers 
of penmanship everywhere in the country 
will want this journal." 

Republican Register, Gnlesburg, 111.: 
"The Penman's Art Journal, edited by 
Messrs. A. H. Hinmau, Pottsville, Pa., and 
D. T. Ames, 205 Broadway, New York, has 
been received. The geutlemen are first- 
class penmen, with large experience, and 
it is useless to say that the Journal is any 
halfway production — but to the contrary, 
ia one of the best publications of the kind 

Troy^S. Y.) Daily Press: "The Pen- 
man's Art Journal is most beautifully il- 
lustrated, and is the only publication in 
the United States devoted entirely to the 
subject of penmanship. It should receive 
the hearty support of the entire profession. 
No professional penman or aspiraut for 
■ pen honors cau afford to miss a single copy. 
The articles are from the pens of some of 
the best penmen in America. As for the 
engravings, it is enough to say that Prof. 
Ames has charge of that department." 

Chirographic Medley, Toledo, Ohio : 
"The Penman's Art Journal is filled with 
very interesting reading for all friends of 
the art it represents." 

J. French, Effingham, UL, says : 
"I must say I am delighted with the Jour- 
nal. No teacher of writing cau afford to 
be without it." 


Ira Mayh 

Business College, ) 

v, A. M., President. > 
, Mich., May 25, 1877. ) Sir: Some one has kindly sent 
two numbers of the Penman's Art Journ 
with which I am so well pleased that I 
have to request you to send it to my ad 
dress for one year-. You will find the sub 
scription price inclosed. Although pen- 
manship is not my own immediate depart- 
ment of work, still I consider it of the first 
importance in a business education. A 
correct knowledge of the principles of ac- 
counts, with legibility and accuracy in re- 
cording work, are essentials whose value to 
the business man is greatly increased by a 
neat and plain handwriting, which every 
student of accounts, who would increase 
the commercial value of h: 
study diligently to acquire, 
s nccess with the Journal, 
ug you will richly earn it, I am, 

Truly, yours, 
Ira Mathew, 
Prof. D. T. Ames, New York. 

labor, should 
Wishing you 

ud not doubt- 

G. T. Oplinger, Slatington, Pa. : 
"The Journal is very interesting. Just 
what we have loug needed." 

A. J. M. Hosom, of the Ohio Valley 
Business College, Parkersburg, W. Va., in 
a very easy, gracefully written letter, says : 
" We were so much delighted with the 
Journal that we shut down business and 
read every line of it." 

C. Bailies, principal Commercial Col- 
lege, Dubuque, Iowa : "I am delighted 
with the May number of your Journal. 
Long may it live and prosper." 

Mr. E. Blackmau, Worcester, Mass.: 
"The Journal for May is received. If it 
cost double the money I would subscribe." 

H. C. Kendall, Boston, Mass, says : 
"The matter, the style and general ap- 
pearance throughout is certainly of a 
higher order of excellence than any of its 

Zerah C. Whipple, principal of Home 
School for Deaf Mutes, Mystic River.Conu.: 
" The Penman's Art Jodrnal is received. 
I have read it all ; I am delighted with it. 
Every teacher and all others who are in- 
terested iu good penmanship should come 
forward to its support," 

Peter High Stnuffer, Quakertowu, Pa., 
says : " The Journal certainly is superior 
to anything I have seen yet of the kind. I 
used to think the Gazette was not to be ex- 
celled, but the Journal certainly isbetler.'' 
J. C. Bryant, President of the Buffalo 
Business College, says: "The May num- 
ber of the Journal is so beautifully gotten 
up, and so well filled with sensible und 
spicy matter that I feel it almost a duty to 
double my subscription. I need not ex- 
press a hope that it will be a permanent 
success, for, there can be no failure if you 
keep up the present standard." 

H. Russell, Joliet Business College, says: 
" I am in receipt of the Jouhnal for May. 
I am more than pleased with its fine ap- 
pearance, and it certainly seems that since 
we have at last got the right men at the 
helm we shall have what has loug been 
needed, a good penman's journal." 

J. C. Brown, Fletcher, Ohio : " It is 
just what penmen want. I would not do 
without for three times its price." 

J. B. Cundill', assistant principal, Soule's 
Business College, New Orleans, La., writes' 
a very handsome letter, in which he says : 
"I congratulate you on the metamorphosed 
condition of the Journal — the transition 
which I strongly urged friend H. to make. 
The reading matter is full of absorbing in- 
terest to every lover of the art, the illustra- 
tions are graceful and instructive. I wish 
you that success which your laudable en- 
terprise so justly merits." 

Gus. Gulsizer, Toulon, 111. : "If the sub- 
sequent numbers of the Journal for the 
year are equal to the last number, five dol- 
lars would not tempt me to part with them. " 
A. J.Taylor, principal of Business Col- 
lege, Rochester, N. Y. : "I am pleased 
with the general appearance of the Jour- 
nal. It is not only of great assistance to 
those learning to write, but really a neces- 
sity with teachers and adepts." 

O. P. DeLand, Fon du Lac, Wis.: "The 
Penman's Art Journal is the best of any- 
thing in its line yet published." 

C. R. Runnells, Chicago, HI.: "The 
Penman's Art Journal is such a publica- 
tion as the art which it advocates demands. 
It is able and beautiful, and should be in 
the hands of every teacher as well as ad 
mirer of the art." 

J. W. Swank, United States Treasury 
Department, Washington, D. C, writes us 
a most elegant letter, in which he says : 
"Your Journal is a 'jewel.' It is the 
best dressed, the most ably edited, and 
contains more real 'hard pan' information 
in its columns than any paper of its class 
that has ever been published in this coun- 

lit. E. Bennett, teacher of penmanship 
Statt Normal School, Bloomsburg, Pa.: 
"We Lave seen no publication pertaining 
to pen ait that has suited us so well as the 
Journal. It is admirable." 

Prof. Gaskell, Manchester, N. H.. "The 
Penman's Art Journal is received, and is 
full of valuable reading matter of interest 
to penmen and students of penmanship. 
You deserve success." 

The foregoing t 

but B 

small portion of 
ceived in behalf of 
the JOUBNAL, Were we to insert them all 
no space would remain for the many other 
things we must say. We fear we have 
already trespassed too far upon valuable 
space with a matter chiefly interesting to 
ourselves, but we trust our readers will for 
this ouce pardon what may seem to them 
our vauity, in thus repeating to such 
length tin- kind words of our patrons. In 
the futnre we shall leave the Journal to 
speak for itself. 


How true i 

a itself. Such i 
nutation, isi 

A Good Name. 

that n good name is capital 
pilal, like every solid 
built in a day, bill is Hi, 
result of years of continuance in well-doing. 
No man can hope by a spurt of good nature 
or honorable defiling to acquire an enviable 
reputation, which is implied in the posses- 
sion of " a good name. " Link- things done 
ami <ib served in a series of years, the trifles 
of which life is made up, if done consci- 
entiously, art- what contribute to the result, 
and win for a man the confidence of his 
fellows, and when one has thus acquired 
this good name, men seek him m business, 
rely ou his word and prefer his goods. Such 
a capital is within the reach of the poorest. 
It commands confidence, and helps one 
in securing all that is desirable in life, 
and sb it is to be acquired without out- 
lay, does not depend upon birth or influ- 
ence for its attainment. It is wonderful so 
many prefer to travel by crooked ways, 
which, though they may seem short cuts 

, do i 

Graphiology, as most of our readers 
know, is the art of deciphering character, 
habits, &a, by meaus of the handwriting 
and though not much practiced iu the 
United States ; is followed to a great extent 
in Europe ; so much so, that in England 
it has become a recognized l rade or means 
of livelihood by a select few who regu- 
larly advertise their profession in the daily 
press. Indeed, it is somewhat surprising 
that in our go-ahead country, which is 
always foremost in taking hold of or devel- 
oping anything new in science, literature 
and art, that this science has not been 
utilized to a greater extent, especially 
wheu we consider what a valuable adjunct 
penmanship is to our various industries 
and professions, which may be chiefly at- 
tributed to the vast area of the laud, our 
connection with foreign countries and last, 
but not least, the superiority and number 
of excellent penman. Hence it follows, as 
the scieuce of graphiology is likely to be 
established (it being iiheady uuconciously 
practiced by our morchants, manufactu- 
rers and business men) that it is incumbent 
on our growing youth, to cultivate their 
chirographical abilities as earnestly as pos- 
sible, to the end that when entering upon 
the duties of life, their first introduction 
to strangers and others is generally by let- 
ter, from which undoubtedly, the recipi- 
ents form their opinions as to the charac- 
ter, habits &c. of those who are likely to 
be associated with them. This more par- 
ticulnly applies to the feminine portion of 
humanity, as their character and ability 
cannot be readily ascertained from out- 
ward appearance and the difficulty, from 
delicate motives, of inquiring into their 
habits. It will therefore be seen how im 
portant it is that our young ladies should 
sedulously practice their penmanship, for 
whilst it is not given to everyone to excel 
in chirography, it is in the power of all to 
write legibly and defiuitely. In this con- 
nection it may not be inappropriate to cab 
the attention of our readers to the singulai 
fact that whilst in England the ladies excel 
the gentlemen in neatness, style and beauty 
of writing, here, in our own favored land, 
just the reverse is seen, the gentlemen out- 
numbering the ladies fifty to one in point of 
superiority of penmanship. This may be 
partly due to the cramped style of writing 
and want of character iu the formation of 
the letters that our ladies have been taught. 
For beauty of style and perfect freedom 
there is probably, nothiug superior to the 
angular writing so much affected by the 
English ladies. This we are pleased to see 
is gradually beiug appreciated and adopt- 
ed with us, and we cauuot close this brief 
reference to the science of graphiology 
without strongly recommeuding our pro- 
fessors in colleges and instructors of pen- 
manship generally, to cultivate this free 
and beautiful style of writing for ladies. 
It is our intention to enlarge upon this 
subject in some future article. 

Let every ynimg tun 
Aurora Borealis. 

t lend in that din 

add a good 

capital. — Mn. is:, mi, ," 

i rage 

» oi pHinoriMm. wuen a 

leaning over a back fence telling a 

neighbor how he would shed his last drop of 

blood for suffering Louisiana, it disturbs him 

to^have his wife yell from the kitchen: 

ig with that 

r jdudl I i 

> you. 



N. T. Silicate Book Slate Co., 




1 Agents are doing wel 
before ordering e 

I stiimjiH 

sh H. S. IM;i-:i{S(il.l„ 

all oomplete au.lpuu 
1 alphabets, elaborate 

Subscribe now for the Jocbnal, so as to 

cure all of the enlarged and illustrated 

numbers; at the rate we are now receiving 

mbscriptions, our back numbers will soon 

be exhausted. 

Artist Penniau and Pub tin bur, 
2QS Sroftdwty, Haw Turk. 




■ > r hiII r -I i ii' m. s i-iu.l Sr ml ,'l) . 111I- 1 1 ii one "I 

tin MOST IH W III II. AM. MASK ltl.1 I'll . I: i H 
'■■ I l: I \M ITKH , Hot alltrt..Krapb. 

Highly Important Discovery 


In ;. Ii<uiil,lul tvrnatll, Wit 

It AUK "Hill. 

r fl 1 will Rend. |niNt)iiitil unil .st. fully 

Forged, Disguised & Anonymous Writing 


•■"■'• ,ir '■ s 

ew York. 

9 KM ■:' 


" plu < ' '^*j * 


, ., . 

. ,.'.-. \ " 



Elegant Copy Slips 

-.;■)■-, mi. I graded to milt ull classes c 

Ii' tin- I... -, I,. I), immenli.l pelill 


Cnn-dsti ..I*. sentences, standard capitals an 

■ ■! !■■ 1. id Hi. l( ..hut from the easy 
plain in. ii. I. to « free and mind ityle or businea 

T1IK I.Alills' SBBJBa 

.ii.' 1 . l ! r .-,. in -] I, ii... ami busmen 



Accounts, with Arithmetical Problems. 

HI BSTXONB in < <>>i HlitriALl.AW, 

ic- *»nt on receipt of Fifty cents. 

S- S. PACKARD, Publisher. 


Of superior KXOLISH inn 


, A . HATWi ie 1>. 
Manufacturing Jeweler, 

212 I1ROAI) 

I Society iwigea l 


WAXTED.-A situation as Penman. Can give in- 
struction in all ,lc.|. a rt..ieiil« of penmauabtp. 

T . 

l Mil K-I..M I. Ml Sll.l s v IHiM \M;N I 

The I 1. 1 on Written Cards! 

Exlrn Fine Gold Pens. 


What Penmen Want. 

Ou receipt of pricea annexed, I will send, 
|.ai<i, . -i.|ili'8 of any of tbe followlne, p. ii-|.i.l 

...■ H]lt>i.ri|||(.'UH ol |..'TII]IUI)-Im1. ever published 

The f'.'iit. ■niiuil I'll I. in- ..( Progress. 2Kit!l In. 

The Lord's Prayer, 

I'hc Marriage Certlf....te 1-iVJiu. 

* l 

.'ii, iLniin,; > 


tin, IS designs . 


■ i. ii. Hun. di leholtn oud pafitneo. 

tn i quill, the Italian mi 
lUla, italic pr-iit, n.Mimi, i, vi nnii „l,l Ki.Mlisb alpb 


1 llllv e 

miiniK I In- Italian CaplUli 

-.i togtttiw 

'■ maU, to «uv addrwis, on receipt of fj 

highly are Ibry 

louaebold,— Bx-Qov. John A. Dix. 
It in Ingenious and skilful.— /fer. Edward Eggle- 

-I/on, Hamilton Fi»h, ox-Secretnrv oi Stnte.Waal.lug- 
on, U. C. 

Tbe Centennial Pirtnre of Progress la a work of 
■reat ability aTi.l mil hi-hiiis. — //-m Edward* Pierre- 
>ont, United States Miniaterto England. 

Tbe of llu- subject in admirable. -.Hon. 
'oHi-r, Wasbingtou, D. C. 
__ II in very luteresllim.-tfon. AlvwTaft, ex-United 

It ma beautiful work of art. -if..,,. fi, H Rri*tov>, 
M-Secretary Uuitcil States Treasury, WasbiUgt.U, 

It la a splendid work of art.— AVie York Trade Jour- 

.lulllliin, an, I (lie ex.. nt mil' waste, \y.-The Writing 

Hon. Thomaa (}. Bramlttte, iii-Governor of Kentucky. 
For beauty of execution and correctness of dolinea- 
li. hi tbey will com pure more thiin favorably with tbe 
imisb and tbe print - Wen. Thioim* <;. Alvord. ex- 

Tbey are indeed a wonder and a marvel. I doubt 
rt-betber the art of peunaunsLtp, employed in theao 

Hon, LeRny Morgan. Justice of the Supreme Court of 

Tliey hi v.- •vldeuce of great skill and artistic taste. 

Tbey are artistic ami beautiful In design, and ex- 
hibit great skill ami t.ileut m execution. Tbey are 

iiumi'rt. — //iki Frederick Smyth, ex-Governor of New 

i i erb epeclmena of ornamental penman 

ship.-i/tm. A. O Curtiii. ei-ciovernor of Pennayl- 

Batton Daily Putt. 
Turk 'Daily iVcw. 







S Series of 


*o#rfOf SM£ BYMU D£/fLr/? S \ f f 
r POPc/i AnsTm p£MS/A/ use l ' f \ 



¥Z n 


KW I" 1 " - 



Pen ma asblp. 

Penman's Engraver, JuSESJeiJ 1 »iSu3°bird'"™S"' , or P ',u 

>ADWA\, , p „-,„ , ,., s ..„., I,,,,, „.,.., 

Hpecimeu cards vntb price lint. Addx&.e CHA3. D. 
Otnci OF D. T, AME9, | BIOELOW, SpriugvTlle, Lrle County, H. Y, IMI 

Published BTonthly, at UO.-> Broadway, for si.<m» per Ye 

NEW YORK, JULY, 1877. 

VOL. I. NO. 5. 

How to Win Respect, 
m are judged io a great degree by 
r profession in which they 
are engaged. The dry-goods merchant 
and the liquor merchant take a different 
rank according as their business is con- 
sidered useful and honorable. The lawyer 
and the doctor are in all communities con- 
sidered among the solid men, and are 
chosen to positions of honor There is a 
respect which communities show to mem- 
bers of each profession according to the 
dignity which members of a profession 
command for it. We have endeavored to 
show in former articles that while in 
the profession of penmanship there are 
those among it that do themselves honor, 
there are many who bring it into disgrace 
in various ways. How often do we hear 
of some pupil in public schools who, dull 
in everything else, was a beautiful pen- 
man, and even in after years we hear of 
the same persons who can scarcely spell a 
word correctly, yet can drink and write 
with equal ease. There are many who 
when they discover in themselves a natur- 
al aptness in writing, cease to qualify in 
anything else, aud the first moment you 
get into their presence you discover that 
they are penmen, and the only subject 
they are disposed to talk about is pen- 
manship. A few such bores soon create 
an impression against penmen which 
affects all others in the profession. Not 
only this, but the cheap prices whieh many 
ask far their services are largely the reason 
that penmen as a class take a low rank in 
the general estimation of the public. As 
a rule each man's business is uppermost iu 
his mind, aud if one allows himself to 
talk his business to others, he will easily 
begin to bore his hearers. In our experi- 
ence among the general public wo have 
found the most agreeable and liberal- 
minded people to be those who in conver- 
sation rarely mentioned their business. 
They seemed well-informed upon all sub- 
jects, aud because they did not bore us 
with their " hobbies," we respected them 
the more for it. In all professions we have 
found the brightest ornaments and most 
successful men among those of this class, 
and the most unsuccessful ones among 
those who dwelt most on their hobbies, 
aud wherever they would find a hearer, 
begin to bore. Among the members of 
one's profession the freest exchange of 
thought upon their common hobby is de- 
sirable, but in the world outside one can- 
not be too well prepared to converse upon 
every other topic. The smartest men are 
always among that class, and they are al- 
ways agreeable aud sought for as beiug 
companionable because they never bore. 
The eminent Spencer was one whose high- 
est pleasure seemed in conversing upon 
every subject of common public interest, 
and his literary attainments were of no 
mean order. No man ever thought of him 
as a bore, for only when he knew it would 
give pleasure to others would he broach 
his personal hobby. Had he been differ- 
ent he never would have achieved his great- I 

Blind Tom prodigy, who to be great iu 
music was stupid iu everything else. 

During the agos of from oighteen to 
twenty-five, when the fever to become peu- 
meu catches so many youug men, we fiud 
that their limited contact with the world 
causes them to neglect every other study 
but penmanship, and so much do they 
delight in compliments that they seek 
for them in every direction, and once fixed 
iu the habit of talking of their hobbies 
they seldom outgrow it if they remain 
in the profession. While we feel that 
every penman should think much of Ins 
business and among other penmen ex- 
change ideas as freely as possible, we feel 
that when away from penmen they should 
be liberally informed upon every subject 
of public interest and seem to be deeply 
interested in the thoughts of otheis. It 
immou a thought with the public 
that if a man excels iu any one thing, 
he is worthless in anything else, but 
where a man seems to be capable of 
thiuking deeply and talking freely and in- 
telligently upon many other topics than 
his own, he quickly rises in popular esti- 
mation as a man of more than ordinary 
ability. Such men win immense popular- 
ity and success. Such men bring honor 
upon themselves and are a credit to their 
profession. They are not only clear think- 
ers outside of their profession, but in it 
they show better balanced minds, and 
knowing the public well, know best how 
to adapt themselves to it and win success. 
Many a man has left the profession of 
nenmanship for some other oceupat on 
which stood higher in public estimation. 
They were constantly being told of some 
splendid penman who was a fool outside of 
his writing, or of others who wrote cards 
in some saloon for his liquor, of others who 
were teaching twenty lessons for $1.50, and 
others who were rascals. Such allusions 
are keenly felt by those who feel that 
they deserve the public confidence and re- 
spect, and who can blame them for seek- 
ing to be rid of a business which is so dis- 
honored ? Here and there a penman takes 
for his motto, "cheek," which is another 
name for impudence, and with bold asser- 
tions and an elastic conscience wins a de- 
gree of pecuniary success, but never will 
the public come to respect the profession 
of penmanship till penmen themselves 
honor it by obarging respectable prices 
for their services, and become intelligent 
upon general topics and in every way true 
gentlemen. Ai H H 

The Cause of It. 
People, as a rule, are what they are 
educated to be, and in their judgment 
of men iu any profession they form opin- 
ions through the experience they have 
had with those in that profession. If a 
community has been so fortunate as to 
meet professional penmen who were 
straightforward gentlemen, its opinion 
of the whole profession is a favorable one. 
If, however, it has found one black 
sheep among those it has met its good 

judge all others with u large degree of 

That many communities are much preju- 
diced agaiust penmen is true, nud the 
greatest obstacle to the success of very 
many in the profession is this fact. While 
we do not propose to accuse muuy mem- 
bers of our profession of being actuated by 
evil motives, we hope to show in what 
manner the seed is sown that ripens into 
such distrust of penmen. It is true that 
the ability of one to write better than an- 
other does not always enable him to make 
the other write as well as he. Because one 
person is in health it does not follow that 
he is able to bring others to the same de- 
gree of health. A man who would claim 
that because he was sound and healthy he 
therefore possessed all the qualifications of 
a physician, that he could detect the cause 
of others' ills and apply the proper reme- 
dies for a cure, would be considered a 
quack of the worst kind. Yet there are 
many in the profession of penmanship who, 
because they have ability to write well, 
consider themselves competent to point out 
all the faults and bad habits of others, and 
are able to apply the proper remedies to 
bring them into an easy, graceful style of 
penmanship. All know that it is a hard 
enough task to correct one's own faults and 
become a good writer. If this is true, how 
vastly more difficult is it to correct the 
faults of a whole class and bring them to a 
good degree of skill. Is it unjust to say 
that there are many quacks in the profes- 
sion of penmanship ? Muny who have 
never been trained how to teach aud are 
forming classes on the strength of their own 
good writing, yet are sorely puzzled as to 
how to teach them. With such ability 
many persuade the public that good writ- 
ing can be acquired in twelve easy lessons, 
aud those who do not detect the folly of 
such a proposition soon find that they have 
paid their money in advance and that their 
high hopes have not been realized. Thus 
do many communities learu to place little 
value upon the promises of writing teachers 
and thus do thousands, who have not be- 
come good writers under bucIi teachers, 
give up forever the hope of becoming so. 

Let us look at the profession of music. 
Is music any more desirable than good 
penmanship ? Is it as useful and does it 
not require as much study and practice to 
become a fine performer as a fine penman ? 
Yet do music teachers cut their own throats 
or try to humbug the people into believing 
that music can be acquired in twelve 
easy lessons, say for two dollare ? No ; 
every community of any size and taste has 
its local music teachers, who charge good 
prices and are respected and supported, 
and they keep their pupils for months and 
years even. Not many years since the 
singing school master and the writing 
school master were considered of the same 
class. The singing school master would 
promise to teach one to thoroughly under- 
stand music and sing well iu twenty les- 
sons, terms low, but in advance, and they 
for themselves the suspicion which 

Music teachers have reformed, and there 
is a large army of them in our country who 
are making a much better living than the 
average penman. They recognize that it 
takeB time to teach music. Would it not 
he well if t uchers of writing would them- 
selves bring their profession into that re- 
spect and gain fur it that support which is 
given to teachers of music ? Can any 
peuman nfford to prove that he is a liar 
and a cheat by undertaking to establish in 
each pupil of a class an easy, graceful and 
permanent handwriting iu twelve or 
twenty lessons ? Did ever any pen- 
man gain his skill in that time ? True, 
the principles of penmanship may be 
explained, pupils may be told to sit 
in this or that position, to hold the 
pen so and so, to do this and that, but ar« 
they ever made to do it all and write in 
iheir new way with ease and exactness in 
a short course of lessons ? The most ex- 
pert teacher that ever lived could never do 
it, and why should those who have never 
been trained to teach, attempt what they 
know they cannot accomplish. That 
"honesty is the best policy" is either 
true or false. If true, then let all penmen 
practice it. Let them practice it first iu 
learning how to teach, not by experiment- 
ing with classes which pay them for good 
instruction, but by a course of training 
under any good teacher who ?nakes good 
penmen of his pupils. Then when a 
knowledge of how to teach is required do 
not attempt or promise to do what cannot 
be accomplished. The public, as a rule, 
have good sense and will place much con- 
fidence in a man whose premises are with- 
in the bounds of their reason. If there is 
anything iu the methods employed by 
music teachers worthy of adopting, well 
and good. Whatever is square looks 
square, and whosoever works upon the 
principle of squaring his thoughts and ac- 
tions will win a support, a success and re- 
spect of the highest order. a. h. h. 

Literary Penmanship. 

There is always a thrill of something 
akin to reverence in our intercourse with 
men of letters. From the blurred and 
often inaccurate photograph, to the intro- 
duction, the ecstatic hand-grasp, and less 
frequent, though most exalting of all, that 
half hour spent in elysian intercourse, 
(here runs a subtle actinism of thought 
and influence which, resist it as we will, 
infects us as surely and completely as the 
crisp exhilaration of a ramble at dawn 
through autumn woods, or a plunge at 
evening in the buoyiuit waters of a sum- 
mer lake. Our idolatry of men and wo- 
men, in this enlightened age, is only 
Becond to the trust and reverence with 
which the ancients regarded their Olym- 
pian deities. 

As the author's power must find all its 
utterance through a single channel, and 
that one which is free for all to employ in 
their several capacities, viz., the pen, 

a, but been dubbed a bo.e, a ,o,t of I opinion i. bad* wounded, and it ta a*pt to ^T^^TuZLLo" 

hundreds of communities have of writing much of our reverent curiosity centers 

little. I about the course of that frail talisma 


over the pare, (air. surface, winch beneath 
jtn point i* made to burn and pulsate with 
living thonght. An author'* autograph is 
everywhere considered one of the most 
invaluable of aouvenierx, and when to that 
galaxy of sacred latter* is added the charm 
of a few kindly words from the great artist- 
heart— a thought, perhaps, consigned 
to yon atone of all listening mortals I — the 
flattering sheet which holds so vast a treas- 
ure becomes more precious than I thou- 
sand times its weight in diamond dm*. 
However irregular nnd commonplace the 
symbols which convey so much meaning, 
to ns they are beautiful, because our 
Idol's hand traced them ; his magic pen, 
wet with unnumbered fancies, was dipped 
once more to carry a message of joy and 
wonder to our hearts. 

And yet I cannot conceive of a taste 
h« abandoned and brusque, u to entirely 
ignoro the additional beauty which B \vm 
metricul and smooth penmanship always 
lends to literary effort. Graut tin* not one 
person in a hundred will ever see his 
thoughts except in ubiquitous book-shape ; 

Htill the very satisfaction which the uiithor 

himself must feel in seeing bis beautiful 
thoughts evolved in beautiful character*, 

added to that of the (notional part of 

humanity whose duty familiarizes them 

with oil styles and degrees of literary pen- 
manship, ought to insure for society B class 
of artistic authors, ideas and modes 
of expression wonld not only be consistent) 
but synonymous; not alone tolerant* but 
sympathetic. The popular lecturer must 
be n good rhetorician ; the favorite actor 
most possess a graceful face and figure ; 
the statesman must have as thorough a 
knowledge of what constitutes impress! ve- 
ncss and magnetism of outward bearing, 
oa of politics themselves. Why then, 
ought not the writer, although addressing 
a smaller (I will not add and lees appre- 
ciative) audience, to be a good, if not an 
elegant) penman ? Justice and humanity 
to the publisher, the editor, the proof 
reader ami the compositor demand it ; a 
sense of the fitness of beautiful thought 
for beautiful forms calls for it. Fine pen- 
manship in an author is never overlooked, 
sooner or later his name is coupled with 
the praises of admiring manuscript col- 
lectors. All his books will be ornamented 
with facsimile* of the beautiful and pe- 
culiar style which he has acquired by 
months and years of patient practice. 
Surely, it is worth while for literary aspi- 
rants to cultivate a clean and legible hand. 
Editors, whose weary eyes have but just 
finished the perusal of on elegant maze of 
hieroglyphics, will be fascinated by it, 
however humble the author's effort ; com- 
positors will welcome it to the case with 
delight; and posterity will turn with eyes 
of pleasure to the page of delicate curves 
and fair outlines, saying, " How finely he 
wrote I " 

A Good Name. 

How true it is that a good name is capital 
in nsrlf Such a capital, like every solid 
accumulation, is nut built in a day, but is thy 
result ol years of contimiuuee in well-doing. 
No man can hope by a spurt of good nature 
or honorable dealing to impure an enviable 
reputation, which is implied in the posses- 
sion of "ft good name." Little things done 
and observed in a series of years, the trifles 
of which life is made up, if done consoi< are whal contribute to the result. 
and win for a man the confidence of his 
fellows, and when one has thus acquired 
this good nnuie. men seek him iu business, 
rely on his word and prefer his goods. Such 
a capital is within the reach of the poorest. 
It commands confidence, and helps one 
m ■souring all that is desirable in life, 
and as it is to be acquired without out- 
lay, does not depend upon birth or influ- 
ence for its attainment. It it* wonderful so 
many prefer to travel by crooked ways, 
which, though they may seem short cuts to 
Success, do not lead in that direction at all. 
Let every young man strive to add a good 
name to his other capital. — Mi 

Aurora Borealit. 

This I quarreled at. that he went far from 

faulty himself in telling me of my faults. 
, Fuller, 

Soldiers oi Peace. 

l. v ''u,!."u.^\'i 


tne louely Kvergla 
..■kingbird on cypte 
graee wove by mead 


bougb ! 




uld epoll 


your bard re 





or only leg 



eahlgU, tofolleublime! 
rtues. poured id lavwb flood^ 

uk ol ii],, (lie ligbl ol brow, 

o maiden's lips un] 

*ulfI1ng favor of 
lc rola from rigb. 
I brazen Impudet 

liuugtj iiii'lour «f a hundrt 

Cnttl the soldier 11 

in- conquered i 

Frank eye* of yout 

A spell on e»cb bis 

° riC lh*i* bo 

>..i iroman - prifli 

S 'lMroL" iu Lis k 

" '" to <U ® 

One loyml bsUt snt 

fJon» mil 

n concession spun 

Penmanship in Public Schools. 

r'hen we take into consideration the 
; outlay that is annually required for 
support of our public schools, reaching 
t due-s well up into the millions in many 
ur States, it would seem to be a matter 
ome concern to our taxpayers that this 
icy be so expended as to secure the 
greatest amount of benefit. This naturally 
to the very proper inquiry, how is 
penmauship, which is one of the most im- 
portant branches, taught iu these schools ? 
In reply to this inquiry we must answer 
that as a general thing it has been a con- 
spicuous failure and receives not even a 
idary consideration in many of the 
public schools. It may be argued by some 
that they have the very best system of 
copy-books in the world, which is or ought 
to be sufficient. This reminds me "eiy 
much of the story of the man who wanted 
to learn to swim ; he secured the very best 
books on the subject, studied them thor- 
oughly and then resolved to try it fur him- 
self. Having divested himself of his 
clothing, he punged into deep water, and 
it required the utmost efforts of his friends 
to save him from drowning. Penmanship 
is ngt to be learned by copying printed 
copies of any system as any good teacher 
of the art can tell you, but is learned by 
the skilful advice and instruction from an 
experienced teacher with a thorough 
course of practice. In support of this ar- 
gument, visit any business college in the 
United States where penmanship is one of 
the leading branches and is most success- 
fully taught, and you will find that almost 
without exception the copies are written 
by a skilful penman. Undoubtedly very 
much of the failure of penmanship in our 
public schools is owing to the Dogberry 
policy of the old fogy directors who have 
the management of these schools, in fact 
from my own personal observation I know 
this to be true. I have known a board of 
directors scoff at the idea of hiring a much 
needed teacher of penmanship and employ 
a teacher of the dead languages at a much 
higher salary. Now it is a well known 
fact that the vast majority of scholars have 
not the means to attend any other than 
the public schools which accounts fully for 
their being such bad writers. How is this 
to be remedied ? The best and only rem- 
edy we know of is to employ competent 
teachers to give instruction. In many 
cases where not fully employed with teach- 
ing writing, such teachers can assist in 
other branches and thus lessen the cost of 
special instruction for writing. 

Another very evident difficulty iu prop- 
erly teaching writing in public schools is 
the narrow, uneven desks, whatever may 
be their convenience for other purposes 
they are very ill adapted fur the practice of 
writing. In regard to pens, I have seen as 
many different kinds as there were pupils 
in the school ; coarse, tine, scratchy and 
smooth, all kinds ; teacher and pupil 
alike indifferent as to their quality. A bad 

pen and poor ink alone is a sufficient cause 
of failure iu trying to learu to write well. 

One of the difficulties i D the way ol ad- 
vancement iu writing is the indifference of 
mauy who do not seem to regard it with 
the importance it deserves. I have heard 
some go so far as to argue that because 
Greeley and n few others wrote most 
wreb hedly, bad writing must be a mark of 
greatnessi Was more downright folly ever 

heard of? As well might we argue that 
because Poe was a drunkard or Grant an 
inveterate smoker that drunkenness and 
smoking are marks of greatness. 

If a very snr. 11 portion of the money ex- 
pended (or our public schools, especially 
in eitn-i and large villages, was paid for a 
special aud skilful teacher of writing we 
might reasonably look for a very great 
advancement in the degree of proficiency 
in writing acquired by pupils in those 
schools. I hope and trust the day is not 
far distant when a much higher standard 
for instruction in writing will be demanded 
and secured iu our public schools. 

To the Student. 

Prof. J. C. Bryant, principal of the 
Buffalo Business College, has recently pub- 
lished a very practical and popular text- 
book on double-entry book-keeping, iu 
the introduction of which he oilers some 
very sensible advice to the student, from 
which we abstract the following — which 
is uot alone applicable to students of book- 

"When anew enterprise is to be under- 
taken, or a new field of labor to be entered 
upon, it should receive the careful consid- 
eration of the person who proposes to en- 
gage in it. The farmer who goes 
into the far West to locate and improve a 
homestead for himself and family, knows 
full well that he must take upon himself, 
and put upon those who accompany him, 
hardships and self-denials with which they 
were before unacquainted. 

"Years of unceasing toil aud unsatisfied 
desires must pass before the realization of 
his plans, in the comforts of a ' well- 
tilled ' farm and good society, can be en- 
joyed. But all these sacrifices are made 
cbcerl nlly, because of the firm faith that 
flu- good time hoped for will surely come. 

"Iu like manner the young man who de- 
cides to follow one of the professions, soon 
discovers that, if he would become master 
ut it. and place himself at the head of his 
chosen calling, he must first spend years 
of hard study in preparation. This he 
does in the taith that ultimately he will 
reach the desired position, Thus we see 
that it is au inexorable law that no great 
good can be secured without earnest and 
peiMsteut effort. 

" You are about to enter upon a course of 
study preparatory to engaging in some ac- 
tive business enterprise. The very fact 
of yonr putting yourselt in the position of 
a pupil is au admission on your part that 
you are ignorant of certain things which 
von desire to know. It is also an admission 
that your teacher is, or ought to be, better 
qualified than yourself. 

" You have voluntarily taken upon your- 
self the duties and obligations of a student, 
and there is now an implied contract be- 
tween you aud your instructor that you 
will faithfully and earnestly apply yourself 
to the work before you. Your success 
depends mainly on your own efforts. No 
one has a right to do for you what you 
should do for yourself. Self-help is the 
best possible help iu obtaining an edu- 

' ' The province of your teacher should be 
to point out to you the course you are to 
pursue, and to see that you do your work 
honestly and well. It is no part of his 
duty to do your work for you; indeed, if he 
should, he would be doing you a positive 

"Yon must do your own thinking, aud the 
sooner you learn to control your thoughts 
the better. To learn well requires a cou- 
oentration of the mind upon the subject of V 
study. To establish the power of will over 
mind is a great achievement to the student, 
and the faculty of so doing should be dili- 
gently cultivated. Unless you can fix your 
thoughts upon your studies, ami k'-ep them 
there, you will make but poor progress. 
When you come into the school-room 
banish all thought of the outside world, 
and of surrounding circumstances, and 
give your whole mind earnestly to the 
prosecution of your studies. 

"Be honest ; be independent ; do not try 
to steal your work from the books of other 
pupils, for in bo doing you only cheat 


yourself. Bejrin with the determination 
that you will lean upon no one — but 

" Look upon your teacher as your best 
friend, and receive his suggestions with 
kindness. Do not be discouraged if you 
cannot comprehend everything in one day, 
or one week. It is an old proverb that ' it 
is darkest jnst before the dawn of day.' 
Take courage, and let your courage be of a 
cheerful character. Faith is a wonderful 
motive power, not less in temporal than in 
spiritual things. If a young man makes 
up his mind that he will accomplish any 
laudable object, and bends his energies to 
the task, he is almost sure to succeed. 

" It should l>e understood that to acquire 
a good business education requires many 
qualifications, aud that these qualifications 
caunot be obtained without close applica- 
tion and diligent study. The idea that the 
education in question can be secured with- 
out much personal effort should not be 
entertained for a moment. 

" The least that is required of a business 
man in this age of the world is, that his 
orthography be correct, his knowledge of 
grammar and romposition acceptable; that 
he be capable of accuracy and rapidity in 
calculations, and be a good penman. These 
acquirements — with a thorough knowledge 
of accounts — are indispensable to the mod* 

"The acquisition of knowledge, although 
requiring close application, and ofteu la- 
borious study, seldom fails to afford the 
student real pleasure aud substantial profit. 
Knowledge is vaned, and is not to be ob- 
tained wholly from books. 

"Much benefit may be derived from a 
study of human nature. Much of our suc- 
cess in life depends upon the faculty of 
pleasing, and of being pleased. A person 
with a gloomy. Milieu disposition, not only 
renders himself miserable, but makes all 
with whom he associates uncomfortable ; 
while in the case of a person who is genial 
and frank, his good nature becomes in- 
fections, and secures for him our warmest 
admiration and affection. 

"The amenities of life should be sedulous- 
ly cultivated. Politeness is a cheap accom- 
plishment, which possesses a rnugic power. 
Gentlemanly conduct is always in place, 
and never more so than in the school-room. 
Vulgar language aud bad manners a'e 
always out of place. They are the result 
of ignorance aud ill-breedii g, and should 
be abandoned at once. 

" You are engaged in a good work, and 
are surrounded by those who take a sincere 
interest in your progress aud welfare. If 
you are true to yourself you will be dili- 
geut in your studies, remembering that to 
reach the summit of a hill you must mount 
step by step, and laboriously accomplish 
the whole ascent before you attaiu the 
view-point, where you gather in all the 
beauties and the benefits of your journey. 

"You are now toiling up the hill of science. 
Let your progress In.- marked by patient 
and persevering effort, even though diffi- 
culties meet you at every step. Remember 
that ' diligence is the mother of good for- 
tune.' Overcome all obstacles until you 
reach the view-point, where you shall be 
fitted in the best possible manner for your 
life-work, and you will have no reason to 
regret the course you have pursued." 

Remarks on Penmanship. 

To say nothing of the mortifying appear- 
ance of scrawling or ill-formed handwrit- 
ing, whether refered to the writer or 
receiver of even aconmon letter, awkward 
penmanship betrays not only an ill-trained 
hand, but an ill-formed mind, as regards 
correct aud graceful effects in all of its 
many associations of thoughts aud feelings. 
There is something intellectually degrad- 
ing connected with a bad style of hand- 
writiug. Nothing on the contrary so dis- 
tinctly bespeaks a cultivated taste and a 
disciplined imagination, as correct and 
elt-gant chirography. During the whole 
process of acquiring the power to execute 
a neat aud appropriate piece of penman- 
ship, the eye, the attention, the judgment, 
the taste and imagination of the learner 
are all undergoing a most effectual disci- 
pline and training. The mental habits thus 
formed, are necessarily characterised by 
the refining effects of culture, and ex- 
tend to the style in which an individual 
performs whatever is expressive of mind, 
or serves to embody his mental tendencies 
aud character. 

Penmanship is a branch of education 
which exerts a double power over the 
habits of the learner, as it not only (trains 

his mind and eye to the accurate percep- 
tion of form, but teaches him to overcome 
the natural difficulty of making the hand 
obey the intellect, and execute what the 
understanding perceives. No branch has 
so good an effect in teaching patient and 
persevering application, by showing how 
wide is the space which, lies at first, 
between the ability to see, and the ability to 
do ; and no branch brings with it, m a 
more direct and tangible shape, its own 
crowning reward to diligence aud faithful 

All Business Based upon General Prin- 

Mystic River, Conn., J 
June 28, 1877. f 

Young men who are trying to become 
skilful penmen should remember that 
every effort they make in that direction will 
be a help to them in every branch of busi- 
ness in which they may ever be engaged. 
There are a few sound, business maxims, 
which every ambitious young man should 
commit to memory, and then so persistent- 
ly practice that they will become inter- 
woven iuto the very foundation of the 
character. They apply with equal force to 
the acquiring of an elegant style of pen- 
manship and to the attainment of ex- 
cellence in any other profession or busi- 
ness. First : Seek instruction from those 
who are skilled in the business which you 
wish to follow. Second : Direct your 
thoughts toward your business. Become 
familiar with the theory, so that you can 
think about it understanding^ and talk in- 
telligently. All really good work must 
proceed from correct ideas. If the mental 
conception is vivid, the hand will execute 
with greater precision and with far less 
labor than when the idea is vague and the 
purpose unsettled. Third : Understand 
that genius means the ability to work hard 
and steadily at one thing until successful. 

Under the skilful hand of Prof. Ames, 
the Journal has become a thing of beauty, 
and no one can look at it without wishing 
to look into it. Though I am not au artis- 
tic penman, aud am not devoted to pen- 
manship as a profession, I found the 
articles in the Journal so full of sound, 
sensible ideas, that I could not lay the 
paper away until I had read everything it 
contained. And the thought that I had 
derived much benefit from the reading of 
articles devoted to an art different from the 
one by which I obtain a living, made me 
wish to say something to the Journal read- 
ers that would express my appreciation of 
our paper, and at the same time encour- 
age those who are trying to improve, to 
continue their efforts. 

In art as in religion, the promise is to 
those who continue faithful unto the end. 

Thoroughly Established. 

It is one thing to possess a good hand 

writing and quite another to be thoroughly 

established in it. In changing one style 

of writing the victory is often claimed too 

The first sortie, although successful is not 
always the end of the strife. The scattered 
columns of the enemy may rally, and infuri- 
ated by the defeat sweep down upon their 
victors with resistless energy. 

So will the old habits you. have put un- 
der your feet unexpectedly rise up and 
drive you back into the trenches you have 
just left. You must not flatter yourself that 
you can conquer trr j rn in six or even twelve 
lessons. You may reach even the Red Sea of 
success and then find yourself longing for 
the old bondage ; for the flesh pots of Egypt. 

Often have we beard pers< iob say after hav- 
ing attended a writing school thatthey wrote 
no better than they did before. 

This is due to the fact that when the tea- 
cher stopped, they stopped, threw down 
their pens, folded their hands behind them 
aud before they were aware of it their old 
habits had them bound, perhaps more se- 
curely than before. 

I think many teachers make a great mis- 
take in forming classes for a few short less- 
ons. They injure their reputation, and 
cause dissatisfaction on the part of the stu- 
dent. A little more tuition would lie will- 
ingly paid for a more thorough course, one 
that would enable the pupil to become es- 
tablished in that he has undertaken. 

Some need only a few suggestions from 
theteacher to enable them to develop them- 
selves to the highest possible degree in the 
art, but the majority require constantly the 
inspiration of a leader. Especially should 
the younger pupils be under the care of a 
teacher (and only one if he be competent) 
long enough to establish correct and lasting 

Dubuque, July 3, 1877. 

Summer Vacations. 

Teachers in our business colleges are 

among the hardest wrought individuals we 

know of. Not a few of them teach from 

one year's end to another in both the day 

of their school with- 

creation. Now this is all wrong ; it is 
killing a man by inches. Is there any 
good reason why teachers in these colleges 
should not enjoy a mouth or sis weeks' 
vacation as well as the teachers in any 
other institution of learning. All other 
private and public schools and colleges 
have a vacation from six to eight weeks, 
and some even three months ; yet our 
business college teachers labor on year 
after year until, from exhaustion and mo- 
notony of labor, they become mere teach, 
ing machines with every gearing disar- 
ranged, their dispositions soured, and their 
health ruined. 

We cannot understand why proprietors 
of these schools should so disregard the 
laws of health and make themselves and 
their assistants wretched through their 
mistaken policy of keeping open all the 
year round. They must know that mental 
labor requires active physical recreation 
and rest ; and of all the literary and men- 
tal occupations that of the faithful teacher 
is the most deserving. What with the 
study required to present his subjects 
properly to his classes, and the hundred 
and one petty annoyances that are incum- 
bent in every school-room, he appears at 
the end of the year unquestionably in need 
of rest from all the cares and responsibdi- 
ties of his arduous duties. 

We are glad to learn there is a growing 
feeling among some of the colleges in our 
Eastern cities to view this subject in its 
true light, and that already some of the 
wisest heads are giving a month's vacation 
in the summer without the slightest injury 
to their business interests and with most 
admirable results to their working facili- 

Consider this subject, gentlemen, and 
see if you don't think it wise to lock up 
your doors during the heated weather and 
rusticate a month. We are sure you will 
return to your schools with a determination 
and a feeling to do better work than ever, 
and if there is not so much money in the 
exchequer when you return there will at 
least be a happier mind in a stronger 

Why Waste Your Time and Skill 

by executing with common ink specimens 
to send to us for insertion in the Journal. 
Our table is loaded down with specimens 
not one of which can be used for illustra- 
tions. Some are too inferior in design and 
execution, many more are excellent in all 
but the quality of ink used, which is of all 
sorts, pale, purple, brown, blue and red. 
We have never yet found any but India 
ink that could be used with safety for 
work designed for reproduction, and that 
must be of a good quality. Cannot pen- 
men understand this and save their own 
time and us from annoyance by procuring 
good India ink and using it according to 
directions given in the June number of the 
Joobnal ? 

Commercial Integrity. 

A child, who for the first time in his life 
entered a large, compactly l.uilt city, igno- 
rant of the slow process by which the build- 
ings had been crowded together and heaped 
upon each other, fancied that the city had 
a certain unity, that men had cut down 
trenches for streets, and burrowed into the 
walls of the trenches for houses, in fact, 
that the complex arrangements on everv 
side sprang form a single design, and that 
the whole was made like Chinese concentrio 
balls, by carving from without inward. 

A similar impression sometimes strikes 
those who contemplate from without, the 
complicated arrangements of business that 
have grown up in the great commercial cen- 
ters. The mutual relations of traders and 
banks, merchants and insurers, brokers and 
capitalists, form a vast machine, whose con- 
stant operations, to say nuthing of its occa- 
sional perturbations, seem as inexplicable 
as the most ingenious products of the in- 
ventor's skill. The inexperienced are natu- 
rally puzzled to understand how order really 
results from apparent confusion, how the 
crowds who frequent Wall street and Broad- 
way all find their appropriate places, and 
the complicated interests of such vast num- 
bers are fairly adjusted. 

As in the growth of the city the necessi- 
ties of the time control its development; 
so in the expansion of trade and commerce, 
the routine of business has been shaped to 
suit circumstances : and this routine, like all 
things of slow growth, in permanent. The 

must fall into line with his fellows: affairs 
can no more be changed on bis account 
than the streets of the city can be abolished 
and an entire new plan laid out upon their 

But the question of the greatest practical 
moment is to know what principle animates 
this system. The answer is not difficult ; 
integrity is the law of gravitation to this 
system — faith reposed by man in man — 
the assurance that contracts will be relig- 
iously performed in the spirit in which they 
are understood ; this it is which gives to indi- 
viduals and to monetary institutions all the 
stability they possess. The merchant stands 
upon the average solvency and promptness 
of his customers; the banks represent the 
average solvency and integrity of the con- 
nected business community. And while 
prudent men endeavor to keep "an anchor 
to windward," to he able to sustain the Ions 
resulting from a single failure unharmed, 
yet as the whole fabric of business is baaed 
upon credit, that is, upon inteo»ity, the 
breach of a contract by any important firm 
or Individual is like knocking out the corner- 
stone of a building; the whole structure 
leans and totters, if indeed it does not fall. 
How far-reaching these effects are, many 
persona, even outside the ordinary business 
circles, have learned to their cost. With 
the fall of the manufacturer a whole village 
is ruined ; and so with the failure of a mer- 
chant : the losses are to come upon some 
related parties, happily, if widely distributed 
so as to beggar none, but rather to reduce 
slightly the profits of all. 

The vital importance of integrity in busi- 
ness transactions has led to the most strin- 
gent legislation, and, what is a much more 
effectual guaranty, has produced a public 
sentiment bo universal and intense, that the 
transgressor, even if beyond the reach of 
justice, is most effectually punished by 
social outlawry. The generous mind has 
nothing but sympathy for the merchant 
overborne by sudden and unlooked-for ca- 
lamity, and who is thereby prevented from 
fulfilling his obligations ; but for the de- 
signed and treacherous man who refuses to 
make good his plighted word, or who re- 
treats through mean, unmanly subterfuges, 
the scorn of all honorable men is his fitting 

If rightly considered, integrity is the 
only profitable principle; whatever is ac- 
quired by some successful scheme of deceit 
and bad faith, is more than counterbalanced 
by the continual losses which inevitably fall 
tarnished reputatic 


of in 

dividuals ; 

and if 

this be 

doubtful in 

man, there 

will be 

sand hindrf 

n the way 

of his t 

t affairs of life. I 

to have thi 


on the n 

young men 

; though, to be 

iure, it i 

a very 

idard of morak which would i 
oate honesty because it is the best policy; 
the right should be chosen and followed for 
its own sake. But as we are not writing 
upon ethics merely, it is well for us to see 
how completely duty and interest coincide 
in this matter, and that no man can take 
fraudulent gains without incurring a load of 
disgrace, which will not only bow his head; 
but incapacitate him for all future success. 

Let the business man then keep this ever 
in view , it is equally his duty and his safety 
Honesty and Functality, old fashioned vir- 
tues, quiet and unobtrusive, they do not, 
hke the exploits of the seldier, make their 
possessor famous ; they ask for no applause, 
but they conduct him through the thronged 
and dusty ways of life, and bring to h*ai 
lasting serenity and peace. 


1 Column.. 1'^ <"> 


l'lnrh(laHt.. i 10 

r(l«. 10 

AM $M0O fOflO 

-. ■. .1- !■■• In,.-. 


1m Imuii-d nil septemtirr 1, 

20fi Broadw»y, Not Y< 
t\ RdAnu very OliUnotly. 

NEW YORK, JULY, 1877. 

The Next Issue of the Journal, 
will bo on September l— which will he 
mi extentlou of fifteen days from the slated 

time of its publication. We urn led to make 
lion Of time for several reasons. 

1st We are convinced that the beginning 

Of ©ftOb month i« the proper time for its 

2d. The Aral of September being the time 

ut which nearly nil our schools open, our 

advertising patrons especially request that 

the September Dumber come out ou 

first <>f the month. 

8d. Though we think not least it will 

enable m bo add B little to our much 

needed vacation. 

Mo pains will be spared to render the 
September number the must attractive and 
interesting penman's paper ever issued. 

It will be especially valuable as a medi 

Of advertising, as a vary large edition will 

be printed, it leasl 10,000 speoimen cop- 
in will be mailed additional bo oar large 

list of suits, i 

It will reach every private and incor- 
porated educational institution in the 
United States, besides over 2,000 teachers, 
i admirers of penmanship. 

Though our list of subscriber* is already 
large and rapidly lucreasmg, sufficiently so 
to secure beyond a doubt the perma- 
nence Of the Joi BKAXi, yet B la'.ger list would 

enable us to add many attractions wbioh 
as yel v\'' are nol warranted in doing. 

Penmen should bear iu mind, that put 
it as we may, it is "after all the- money that 
makes the mare go" 10 it is the subscrip- 

tion* that will in a large degree measure the 
excellence and attractiveness of the Joru- 


We ask each one of our present subscri- 
bers to constitute himself an agent, and en- 
deavor to secure not one but many new sul>- 
scribers in return for which we promise 
that we will spare no labor or eipense to 
repay in the increased excellence of the 

The Present and Future Illustrations of 
the J o urn si 1. 

In the present number of the Journal 
we begin the publication of a series of 
practical and ornamental alphabets for 
writing and lettering, one of which will 
appear in each issue, accompanied with 
explanations and instructions of much 
practical advantage to teaohers and 

In the present issue we give, ns the first 
of the series, an alphabet of standard 
capitals and Bmall letterB for plain writing, 
accompanied with principles aud scale for 
proportions of letters, also a number of 
monograms, grooping letters, most similar 
to ench other in form and construction. 

Iu our next issue will be a similar exhi- 
bition of letters for a lady's hand ; this 
will be followed by off baud flourished 
Roman and Italian, Old English, German 
and Church Texts, Rustic and a variety 
of ornamental alphabets. These alpha- 
bets will be photo-engraved direct from 
our own copy and will, therefore, be 
fac-similes of the actual pen-drawn or 
flourished letters. ; no pains will be spared 
to make them of the highest standard of 
excellence. We feel coufideut that 
these alphabets alone will be prized, by 
every subscriber, far above the price of 

Besides au alphabet, there will be in each 
issue of the Journal one or more specimens 
of peuwork, which, we trust, will reflect the 
genius and skill of many of our most 
eminent penmen. Already we have the 
promise of many such contributions. 

At the present rate our back numbers 
will soon be gone ; hence those who de- 
sire all the eularged aud illustrated num- 
bers, and especially all the series contain- 
ing alphabets, should forward their sub- 
scriptions at once. 

Send Something New. 

Among the scores of specimens of pen- 
manship received by us every mouth, there 
are very lew which are not copied entire, 
or with slight modifications from published 
or worn out designs ; such, however per- 
fectly copied, cau have no place iu the 
Journal. Only original or greately modi- 
tied designs, skilfully executed, can be 
accepted for publication, aud since all our 
cuts are made by the photo-engraving 
process, they cau present no excellencies 
which are not in the origiutil copy, aud 
represented in (dear, strong, black lines. 
Drawings, in order to Becure the best 
results in the plate, should be drawn very 
open and twice as long aud wide as the 
desired cut. Use the best quality of India 
ink freshly ground. 

Not Responsible. 

It should be distinctly tiuderstood that 
the editors of the Journal are not to bi 
held as indorsing anything outside of its 
editorial columns ; all communications, 
not objectional iu their character, or devoid 
of interest or merit, are received and 
published ; if any person differs thecolumus 
are equally open to him to say so and tell 

Remember that the next number of the 
Journal will be issued on September 1. 
It will be the most interesting and attrac- 
tive penman's paper ever printed ; it will 
be worth more than the price asked for a 
year's subscription. Subscribe now and 
you can have all the back numbers except 
No. 1. 

L. B. Lawson is having good success 
i teaching writing at Yaceaville, Cal. 
T. R. Southern, penman, Henld s Busi- 
sss College, San Francisco, Cal., sends us 
very handsomely written letter. 
John R. Scott, Mt. Union, Ohio., is a 
very rapid and graceful writer. The letters 
received from him go iuto our best scrap- 

Iwin Brower, for the past three years 
a teacher of writing in Wright's Business 
College, Brooklyn, has takeu a position 
with the Farmers' and Mechanics' National 
Bank, Hartford, Couu. 

L. Madarasz. formerly of San Antonio, 
Texas, is at Williams' Business College, 
Rochester, N. Y. ; he is fast improving his 

ready excellent style of writing; few pcu- 

en excel him in grace and ease of move- 


C. E. Cady, the accomplished principal 
of the Cady, Willson and Walworth Busi. 
ness College of this city, paid us a visit a 
few days since; he reports that the past has 
been quite a successful year with their 

R. Garvin, principal of Terre Haute 
(Ind.), Commercial College, is at work upon 
the coming issue of his college paper, the 
back issue of which have been very credi- 
table in composition, aud general appear- 
ance and indicate that Mr. Garvin is a man 
of taste and accomplishments. 

William H. Duff, proprietor of the long- 
established and favorably known Duff's 
Commercial College, Pittsburgh, Pa., sends 
two very handsomely flourished specimens, 
also a copy of liis recently published 
"Common School Book-keeping," which 
is brief, concise, practical and eeonom- 

Lvman D. Smith, superintendentof writ- 
ing in the public schools of Hurt ford, Conn., 
is taking his vacation at Camden, Me. , at 
the home of New England's most noted 
penmau and author. Prof. A. R. Dnnton. 
Prof. Smith is also an accomplished pen- 
man and teacher, his letter and specimen 
inclosed are among the best received. 

Robert C. Spencer, is principal of the 
National Spenceriau Business College, Mil- 
waukee, Wis. , which is one of the oldest and 
most favorably known institutions of the 
West; we are in receipt of his College Cir- 
cular which is a rare exhibition of good 
taste and common sense. It also contains 
some excellent engraved specimens of Spen- 
cerian writing and flourishing. 

Benjamin F. Cagle, of Hollywood, Ark.. 
says : " I have uever been to school but six 
weeks in my life. What little I know I 
have learned by the fireside, aud have 
learned to write by practising from Spen- 
ceriau copy books at home." Mr. Cagle 
writes a better hand than many profes- 
sional teachers of writing, which, under 
the circumstances, does him great credit. 

B. L. Sauni who has for the past two 
years conducted the commercial depart- 
ment of the State Normal School of Mo., 
which department is discontinued through 
lack of appropriation of funds, desires some 
paying position as a teacher of writing aud 
book keepiug. Mr. S isan excellent wri- 
ter, and experienced teacher and would do 
good service for any one wishing aid in 
this department of education. 

John B. Holmes, A. M., LL. B. who 
was for several years at the head of the 
commercial law and phonographic depart- 
ments of the National Business College at 
Syracuse, N. Y. , is now conducting a com- 
mercial college at Michigan City, Ind. 
Prof. Holmes deserves the largestsuccess, 
we were intimately associated with him for 
several years and know him to be an ac- 
complished scholar, thorough and skilful 
teacher, and a perfect gentleman. 

B. F. Willson, connected with the Will- 
son and Walworth Business College, [a also 
a Professor of penmanship in the New- 
York College. 

P. Simons, principal or the B. & S. 
Business College, Indianapolis, Ind., for- 
wards several specimens of flourished 
birds which are very creditable, though 
wanting in freedom and grace of lines. 

L. D. Brown, who during the past year 
has been superintendent of writing in the 
public schools of Indianapolis, has now 
returned to this city to resume instruction 
in several private schools here. Mr. 
Brown is a Bkilful penman and popular 

F. W. H. Wiesehahn, whose very skilful 
penmanship won high praise at the Centen- 
nial Exhibition, has recently resigned the 
position which he has occupied for twelve 
years with the Excelsior Manufacturing Co., 
St Louis; he proposes to take a season of 

rest before resuming labor. Mr. W is 

one of the best penmen of the West too skil- 
ful to remain loug unoccupied. 

W. G. Chaffee, for many years a popu- 
lar and successful shorthand reporter and 
teacher of phonography, is about opening 
iu Oswego, N. Y., a commercial college 
aud phonographic institute, iu which he 
will be assisted by experienced teachers. 
Prof. Cbuffee is himself an able and expe- 
rienced teacher and courteous gentleman, 
and well worthy of a liberal patronage. 

The students of Claghorn's Brooklyn 
Business College, accompanied by those 
of Packard's College, went on theirannual 
excursion to Dudley's Grove, on the Hud- 
son, July 2. The weather was fine, and 
the young gentlemen accompanied by 
their lady frieuds returned to the city in 
the evening well pleased with their day's 
enjoyment, Mr.CIaghoru and hisstudents 
deserve considerable credit for the admira- 
ble manner in which the affair passed off. 



ml^W&ti : 


Sylvester Moody, East Charleston, Vt., 
writes a very good hand, and incloses some 
very attractive specimens of cards and 

L. S. Belknap, Autumn Leaves, Pa., is 
very skilful at offhand nourishing and let- 
tering. The specimens received from him 
are verv creditable. 

H. W. Taft, St. Louis, Mo., sends n 
package containing a variety of writing, 
lettering and flourishing, all rre very 
creditable, especially the movement which 
is very free aud graceful. 

C. H. Pierce, principal of Normal Pen- 
manship Institute, Keokuk. Iowa, in- 
closes a set of off-hand Italian capitals, 
which are very skilfully executed. 

E. M. Huutzinger, of Valley View, Pa., 
sends a very finely executed bird and scroll 
specimen, but it is too similar to one already 
published iu the Journal, to be used for 
an illustration. 

H. C. Clark, North Richmond, O., 
forwards us a medley composed of cards, 
lettering and a flourished stag. The 
cards are good ; the lettering shows lack 
of experience, the stag is well executed, 
although somewhat over done with fine 
lines filled in to the flourishing — all is exe- 
cuted with grey ink, which renders its re- 
production impossible. 

A. W. Smith, principal of Business Col- 
lege, Meadville, Pa., has just completed a 
large and very elegant piece of penman- 
ship in form of a masonic chart. The 
original work is 28x40 inches in size, and 
was commenced with the intention of ex- 
hibiting it at the Centennial, but owing to 
ill health Mr. Smith was unable to com- 
plete it in time for the exhibition. It is a 
very rare and complicated exhibition of 
pen art, and entitles its author to a high 
rank among skilful penmen. 


AmoDg the handsome letters received 
this month is one from A. J. Taylor of the 
Rochester Business College. 

Willis L. Dean, Principal of the Com- 
mercial Department of the Wyoming Sem- 
inary, Kingston, Pa., favors us with several 
fine specimens, one of which appears on 
this page of the Journal. 

W. 8. Mitchell, jr. (lute of Washington, 
D. C, now with the New York Era,) called 
nt our office this week, and among other 
favors presented us with an excellent spec- 
imen of practical business penmanship; also 
a few printed poetical lines written for a 
youug lady s album at Alexandria, Vu., 
winch effusion we may publish in a future 
issue of our journal. 

J. MoO. C, Pingree Grove, Pn.— Tour 
specimens are not creditable as ornament- 
al or artistic penmanship ; you are wasting 
your time. If you aspire to becoming an 
ornamental penman you should at ouce 
place yourself under the tuition of a first- 
class penman, or, nt least, consult some 
standard work upon that subject. 

One of the most attractive and meritori- 
ous specimens received is a flourished bird 
from W. E Dennis, of Chester, N. H., 

which with the suro 

stitutes a very uuiqi 

work. Mr. Dennis 

advancing in his i 

penman, he is a promising candidate for 

the front rank of his profession. 

iding flourished eon- 
acd artistic piece of 
s young and rapidly 

perior specimens of writing of pupils of 
superior teacher, and thereby show what 
pupils of the same grade can accomplish 
when thoroughly taught. 

The taking of specimens of each grade 
in the entire schools and placing them on 
e xhibition monthly is an excellent plan. 

A very important thing which the writing 
teacher should observe is to throw his whole 
efforts into developing the teaching ability 
of his teachers. And do so by suggestions 
and talks to them at recess, before school, 
and nt teachers' meetings after school, but 
not presume to instruct pupils or cause 
them to lose confidence in their teacher's 

The teacher Bhould be praised before 
her pupils, and pupils should be made to 
feel that they will surely become good 
writers, if they observe her instructions. 

Otherwise should the writing teacher ex- 
hibit superior skill, knowledge and ease in 
illustrating and imparting, the pupils' con- 
fidence in their own teacher will be lost 
and what she may say or do will not restore 
to her that attention from pupils which she 
otherwise would receive did they know no 

The writing teacher should keep in har- 
mony with the principals of schools, and 
where they 

nth their 

M'$ m 

R. O. H., Wsiteburg, W. T.— It is not 

necessary that all the subscribers needed 
to secure any premium nffered should be 
sent at once. Send any number you may 
have, and give notice which premium you 
wish to secure. When the full number 
are received the premium will be for- 
warded by return of mail. 

C. O. S., Ransom, Pa.— A " pen artist " 
is one who makes the study and practice of 
ornamental penmanship a specialty, and 
should be skilled in designing and execut- 
ing artistic and effective pen work, such as 
engrossing resolutions, memorials, &c, and 
drawings of all kinds for reproduction by 
the various modes of engraving more es- 
pecially by the photographic process. 

The title of " professor " is too often as- 
sumed by unskilful teachers and mere 
novices in penmanship. It should be ac- 
corded only to skilful penmen who have 
attained to eminence as authors 
of penmanship. 

A Correspondent Asks, 
What are the duties of a superintendent 
of writing in public schools? 

The following are some of them perhaps 
some reader may think of others — 

The aim of a superintendent of writing, 
is to secure superior results in writing from 
every school, and to bring this about a great 
variety of means are adopted. 

Success depends very much upon the 
tact of, we will say, the writing teacher, to 
cause class teachers to assist him by doing 
good work during his absence. 

It is very desirable that all the teachers 
should well understand the writing teacher's 
methods and strive to carry them out, and 
the most certain way to do this is to win 
the favor of teachers, and explain to them 
in a teachers' class how to conduct then- 
classes during the writing hour. 

All teachers may well be judged by their 
results and in well graded schools, pupils of 
one grade should write nearly alike. 
If they do not, it indicates that some 
teachers whose pupils excel, are better than 
those who do not. Asa good incentive to 
poor teachers it is well to exhibit the su- 

which by being forced for several hours 
may cause pain in the arm. We know 
such practice often canses a cramp in the 
hand, and especially where the pen is held 
with a grip. The easiest movement in 
writing is the mixed, finger ond muscular 
movement, and this is secured with the 
greatest ease when the arm rests very 
lightly upon the table and the pen held 
very loosely. We judge from our corres- 
pondent's writing that he depends upon 
the fiuger movement maiuly for his small 
writing, and upon the whole-arm move- 
ment for capitals. Such a movement ex- 
cludes the most natural and untiring 
movement, the muscular or fore-arm 
movement. Many of the best penmen 
practice muscular movement exercises 
vigorously each day, and in that way keep 
up an easy, graceful and flowing move- 
ment, winch always characterizes their 
work. The best writing comes from a 
happy combination of the finger and mus- 
cular movements, and unless special at- 
tention is given to muscular movement 
exercises, even good penmen will at times 
find themselves writing with great difficul- 
ty and not be aware of the cause. 

How Many Lessons Should Constitute a 

Course of Instruction in Writing ? 

Tins is one of the frequent questions 

asked by itinerent teachers of writing, and 

ing any number of lessons, it is practical 
for an itinerant teacher to give, but with 
skilful and thorough instruction on the 
part of the teacher, and careful study and 
practice on the part of the pupil, he may 
in addition to making marked improve- 
ment in his writing, acquire a knowledge 
of the construction of writing, and a re- 
fined taste concerning it which 
him onward to becoming an aci 


Teachers should be trained to write hand 
somely upon the blackboard, and also it it 
the duty of the writing teacher to know 
whether teachers take the writing hour to 
rest, or u e it in teaching. 

A gentle criticism of loose methods at 
teachers' meetings will do much good. 

The writing of a school or class does not 
depend entirely upon the careful writing 
> at the writing hour, for in the writing 
of spelling exercises and other class papers; 
too rapid and careless work may do much 
interact the good results of the writing 
. Then the papers should be frequent- 
ly inspected and if they are carelessly pre- 
pared, the attention of the teacher should 
be called to the fact. 

The earnest superintendent of writing, 

n find much to do towards developing 
good results, and we believe they can be 
red in no better way than by making 
each teacher do all the class-room work, 
and retaining the entire confidence of pu- 
pils in her ability. 

What May be the Cause. 
A correspondent asks us to explain the 
use of his arm paining him after a few 
hours' careful writing. In reply we will 
say that we are not sure that we shall be 
able to hit upon the cause of his trouble, 
yet we will let our light shine upon what 
it may be. In doing careful writing per- 
are apt to lean forward upon the fore- 
and cause a cramped movement, 


of the large number of such 
it is one of considerable import- 
ance. The number of lessons adopted as 
a course has greatly varied with different 
teachers, the extremes being ten and 
twenty-four, between which twelve, fifteen 
aud twenty have been selected, of which 
twelve and twenty have probably been 
most frequently aud about equally chosen. 
We would most assuredly commend the 
highest numbers. We believe that any 
course short of twenty lessons will re- 
sult, as a ride, in the failure aud conse- 
quent dissatisfaction of the pupil, and an 
unenviable reputation on the part of the 

Indeed, we believe that the ten and 
twelve lesson teachers are mainly responsi- 
ble for the almost ruinous unpopularity that 
in many localities attaches to the traveling 
writing teacher ; this arises from two 
causes ; 1st. Such courses are necessarily 
failures. 2d. They are certain to be adopt- 
ed by all quacks and frauds in the pro- 
fession, not that all who endeavor to teach 
writing in ten or twelve lessons are frauds, 
for we have known many conscientious and 
skilful teachers to begin with teaching 
short courses, but such have very soon per- 
ceived the necessity and adopted the long- 
er ones. There is no branch of educa- 
tion better adapted to being taught in a 
course of lessons than writing — not that 
we believe that auy considerable number 
of pupils will become skilful writers dur- 


The Columns of the Journal Open to All. 
It is the desire of the publishers of 
this Journal that it shall be a grand 
medium for a ready and free interchange 
of thoughts and ideas amoug the profes- 
sion concerning their art and calling ; 
therefore, should any readers rind in its 
columns ideas with whi^h they differ, or to 
which they desire to add they will please 
us aud gratify themselves, and, perhaps, 
many readers, by just taking their pens 
and communicating to ns their dislike or 
approval with rensons for the same. 

Doubtless becoming- Convinced. 
As we expected, at commencing the pub- 
lication of the Journal, many of our best 
penmen, although friendly to such an un- 
dertaking, hesitated to subscribe or identify 
themselves with it, from fenr it might not 
succeed ; but " nothing succeeds like suc- 
cess." Our subscription lists are materially 
lengthened, and are rapidly increasing by 
the addition of the names of the original 
doubters. Still there is room, and a few 
more subscribers can be furnished with all 
the back numbers except the first. 

Mark Twain's Scrap Book, 
Is the best and most convenient scrap-book, 
we have ever seen. It is book and paste pot 
combined. It is built on the "stick with 
a lick" principle, like a postage stamp. 

Always handy, always neat, no smearing, 
no rendering of the scraps so transparent 
as to make the reverse side plainer than 
the side you want to read. 

For sale at the office of the Art Jodrnal, 
Send for a circular, giving full description 
and terms. 

The Student's Journal, 
Is a monthly periodical devoted maiuly 
to the interest of Standard Phonography, 
and is published by Prof. A. J. Graham, 
No. 23 Bible House, New York. 

Prof. Graham has for many years been 
an able and industrious worker in the in- 
terest of phonography, and is the author 
of more and better works upon that sub- 
ject than auy other writer. 

The Journal and its editor deserve well 
at the hands of the short-hand fraternity. 

Exchange Items. 

The Educational Review ond College Re- 
cord is the title of an interesting and spicy 
paper issued by the Toledo, Ohio, Busi- 
ness College. 

The Pen and Pencil is a very sensible 
and readable little paper published by E. 
N. Hyzer, West Raudolph, Vt. Its de- 
partment devoted to checker playing is a 
novelty and will be found specially inter- 
esting to all who are lovers of checker 

Harkness' Ma.jazme is published monthly 
by Prof. John C. Harkness, President of 
the State Normal University, Wilmington, 
Del. It is conducted in an able, independ- 
ent and liberal manner, contains seventy- 
two pages of sound, sensible reading mat- 
ter, accompanied with several appropriate 
and artistic illustrations. It is well worthy 
of a liberal subscription. 

J. E. Sonle, president of the Bryant k 
Stratton Business College, Philadelphia, 
has just issued his catalogue for 1877. It 
is very attractive, containing specimens of 
plain and ornamental penmanship as 
taught and practiced at the college. The 
institution is strongly commended by 
pupils, patrons and visitors, all of which is 
well deserved. Mr. Soule is undoubtedly 
of the very best teachers of writing 
and most skilful penmen iu the country. 


Church Rules for the Ladies. 

Prom Cou FoRinT'. Prut. 

t ,11 ,our tlK'iifcliU be flu 


KlM Mr.. Ulfgl 
'j'lJiuU your diat 

d mil though t« of tin, 
■n«t..ii prom, 

mill the wrinkle* 1 


irfal i 

That Uily'» bMQU«, murk the dwl 

i | , ,, ,,.i, | ,.. ,,-, ponau yonr mil 

ADdcrilk-ini'lhQl hut btbtna, 

it- It- ■ t I.rl-tl>ll RrtCen dO»r, 

. ail bablna yonr ■ 

i ,i ■...„, 

Ai II 

111 II. .,.. ' 


and Tklbokafh Institute, Clsotn- J. 

.■.,, .1 ,1., HI, 1S77. J 

I). T Ames, Esq., 205 Broarfwqy, A'. K .- 

Diuit Sin : Enclosed you will fiud one 
dollar (tl), mj subscription for Thb Pen- 
man's Akt Journal and Jubu D. Wil- 
liami ' masterpiece. 

Allow me the liberty to say that could 

v tonvinoe mosl oi the penmen that the 

Journal is to*ba o permanent institution, 
I think the list of subscribers would be 
greatbj enlarged. The failure of "Gas- 
lull " has, i" 11 great extent, shaken the 
confidence of many, in tbe mutter of pen- 
men's papexe. Uupiug, however, that the 
enterprise will meet with the good success 
it so tii'lilv merita, and that tbe editors 
will achieve high honors for their under- 
taking! and aneqnaled skill as penmen, I 
am, sir, Fraternally, 

W. J. Goldsmith. 

The above is one of a very large num- 
ber of tetters received of similar import. 
We have realized from the outsel thai 
very many of those interested in penmau- 
ship as leaohen, pupils or admirers, and 
who earnestly desired tbe continunnce of 
1 1n- Journal have withheld their support 
from fear of its failure. Others have sent 
its price monthly, quarterly, or for six 
months, thus equally manifesting their 
bope and feat oi its success. We do not 
know its wo con say or do anything to re- 
move [ears, beyond a plum statement 

of foots, which »re: 1st. The Journal 
bus been more thuu self-sustaining from 
the beginning. 2d. We are in the enjoy- 
ment of u very liberal income from a 

ii uglily-established business, entirely 

Independent of the Journal, which is 
very much iu harmony with the cum 
ing of the Journal, the one materially 
helping the other ; at the some time, hav- 
ing retired from the Held OS a teacher, 

after on active experience ol over twenty ■ 
Ave yean, we are free from that competi- 
tion, rivalry, or jealousy which mi^lit re 
suit from active competition. Iu view of 
these toots We OOn aSSUre those who are, 
and would be, the patrons of the JoUBHAIi, 
that its OOntinuonae, With marked im- 
provement, is no less certain than IS 
the life and health oi its editors. Un- 
like all other efforts to establish a pen- 
man's paper, which have been made in 
small cities, when facilities for engraving, 
printing and intercommunication wen lira* 
! \ men not themselves practical 
in k\ u. is located in the busi- 
ness center and metropolis of the nation, 
which furnishes every facility for conduct- 
ing such au enterprise, and its editor and 
associate hove had long and varied experi- 
ence us teachers and authors of practical 
and ornamental penmanship. 


In the above cut we present the first of 

series of practical alphabets, which we 
design to continue by giving one alphabet 
ich issue of the Journal, and accom- 
pany each with such advice and instruction 
as we may he able to give relative to the 
best methods of teaching and learuiug to 
execute tbe same. Iu tbe present cut we 
give tbe large and small letters of a prac- 
tical business band, preceding them with 
the princip'es of each, and also giving 
monograms of the several groups of let- 
ters made most similar to each other, and 
iu the order iu which they should be 
taught and practiced, which will serve to 
aid the teacher to present the Bubjeot of 
analysis and construction of the letters in 
an interesting and effeotive maimer to his 
pupils at the black-board. 

For the detailed analysis of letters we 
would refer the teacher to the keys to 
either of the popular systems of writing, 
as we have not at present the time orspace 
to enable us to do justice to that part of 
our subject. 

Iu teaching writing it is very essential 
tbat the most simple or elementary forms 
should be first used, at tbe same time that 
great care is taken to place tbe pupil in the 

proper position, and instruct him regard- 
ing the relative position of band, pen, and 
paper, and all the proper movements em- 
ployed id writing should be carefully 
explained, and their philosophy given 
in a general exercise at the board, nor 
should these points be lost sight of at any 
time during the entire course of instruc- 
tion or practice. 

The first drill of a class should be on 
position and movement ; next upon the 
principles and theory ; from them proceed 
to construct tbe letters of the alphabet, as 
if they were the materials from which to 
build the symmetrical and beautiful edifice 
of writing. 

For instance, we take the first principle 
or capital Btem. We announce to the 
class that this is not only first in number, 
but in importance in learning to write, in- 
asmuch as it enters primarily into the 
formation of fifteen letters of the alphabet, 
which fact should be illustrated by placing 
them in monograms, rapidly upon the 
board, explaining briefly its slight varia- 
tion iu form to adapt it to the several let- 
ters. This done, the attention should be 
directed to its analysis, pointing out its 
right and left curve, place and length of 

shades, proportion of oval, Ac. "When 
sufficient practice and attention has been 
given to the principle, then illustrate how 
easily it is converted into an A by simply 
adding a slightly curved line to its right ; 
the A would naturally be followed by the 
N, which should be made directly from 
the A, by adding the one line necessary 
for the change ; in like manner let the M 
be made from the N ; this completes the 
letters in the first group or monogram. Let 
those be followed by others made from the 
stem with the least modification, such as 
the ^and F, Sec, as per the order indi- 
cated in the above monograms. 

In like manner proceed with the small 
letters, giving their analysis and the close 
resemblance of tbe several letters and the 
slight change necessary ^to convert the i to 
the u, the u to the w, and each to n and 
in, and also the o, to a, d, g and q, Arc, &0, 
By pursuing with tact and energy this 
course, a skilful teacher can awaken and 
maintain, not only au interest, but abso- 
lute enthusiasm amoug his pupils through- 
out an extended course of instruction, 
which will lead to certain success on the 
part of his pupils. 

Of the permanent and grand success of 
the Jooiinad we have not a shadow of a 
doubt, for we believe that the penmen a^d 
those interested iu penmanship desire and 
will sustain a good penman's paper, and 
we know that our facilities are ample, and 
onr purpose firm to build up and sustain 
such a journal. 

A Rare and Special Premium. 

We shall continue to send a copy of the 
John D. Williams muster piece, wbioh was 
fully described in our May issue, to each 
new subscriber, until further notice. It 
receives the most flattering praise from all 
who have seen it 

Professor S. S. Packard.— I am sure 
that whoever possesses this fine work can 
honestly claim to have the most perfect 
and elaborate specimen of off-baud flour- 
ishing yet produced. 

Professor B. F. Eelley says it is a model 
in all respects to be initialed, but not «- 

Professor J: H. Lansley. — I am aston- 
ished that even Williams could have pro- 
duced anything so near perfection. 

The Colhge TeU-Tale.— It is the finest 
piece of lettering and flourishing that Mr. 
Williams ever did, and is considered by 
penmen as whoHy unexcelled. The re- 
production is the finest specimen of photo- 
lithography we have ever seen. 

Stimpson's United States Treasury Gold 

*' We consider them eminently superior 
to all other metallic pens." — EllsworOi 
Burinou College. 

" Par superior to all others that we have 
used, particularly for fine writing." — New 
York Life Insurance Company. 

Pay Postage. 

All parties sending specimens of pen 
work of any kind to the Akt Journal must 
prepay postage at letter rates. When not 
so paid we are obliged to pay double letter 
rates on its receipt. We shall in future 
decline to receive spei imens not prepaid 
at full letter rates. 

Specimens designed aa contributions to 
tbe Compendium can be sent as book man- 
uscript by prepayment of postage at the 
rate of one cent per ounce. Mark on 
wrapper, " book manuscript." 

Krusi's Drawing Course, 
Published by D. Appleton & Co., is the 
most comprehensive, practical, and best 
graded course of drawing we have ever 
examined. It consists of five series, the 
Synthetic (or primary), Analytic (or inter- 
mediate). Perspective (or grammar school), 
Advanced Perspective (or high school), 
series, each of which are peculiarly adapt- 
ed for the use of the departments for 
which they are designed. These books 
should be examined and, we believe, used 
by every teacher of drawing. 

A New Series of Copy Books. 

We invite attention to a notice in our 
advertising columns of "The Combined 
Trial and Copy Page Writing Books ; " 
they combine many new, and apparently 
good features, and should be examined by 
all teachers of writing. 

Business college men wishing the ser- 
vices of a superior plain and ornamental pen- 
man who is also an experienced teacher of 
book-keeping and business arithmetic, 
should correspond with E. M. Huntzinger, 
whose advertisement is in another column. 

We are pained to learn of the misfortune 
of a worthy member of our profession, Mr. 
H. A. Fredericks, late of Heald's College, 
San Francisco. Mr. Fredericks is now a 
confirmed invalid, completely broken down 
in health. He was formerly in Cincinnati, 
and later in St. Louis and Kansas City, and 
then in California. He has ever been one 
of the most unceasing workers, and seemed 
only to be happy at the desk in preparing 
specimens, or working with his might in 
the interests of his employers. 

Subscribe now, so as to get the September 
number of the Journal ; it will alone be 
worth the price of the year's subscription 
to any teacher of writing or admirer of 
fine penmanship. 

Penmen who are preparing contribu- 
tions for Ames' compendium, should have 
in mind tbat they must be completed and 
forwarded before tbe middle of August. 

Religion and Honesty- 

:iu- i 

Toledo attracted the notice of the preacher 
who finally made his way amid the excite- 
ment to the man's pew, and said to him : 

" My friend, are you a Christian '*" 

" No, sir," was the reply. 

"You seem to be always looking toward 
the rostrum with great earnestness. I hope 
an interest has been wakened in yourheart." 

" I am just waiting to see what that man 
up there in the choir with the blonde mous- 
tache and projecting teeth will decide to 

Ah, my dear sir," said the pastor, ' 
must not wait till your friends are convc 
You must act for yourself." 

that I can stand at the door when he 
comes out and ask him to pay me that ten 
dollars he owes me before he has a chance 
to backsbde." 
The minister turned sadly away. 



1 i-f-rythliiR 11 liiiih i-ouli 
Excepting light and wat 

I opened tuo blind" ; the day was bright, 

36EAST Foi-ltrEESTHS'lHEET, N, Y., I 

June 22, 1877. J 
* Editor Penman's AH Journal: 

Deab Sm : I wish to take issue with tbe 
writer, whom you quote in tbe June number 
of the Journal, who objects to counting 
while writing. Possibly I shall draw swords 
with the editor also. 

The writer says tbe system is "imprac- 
ticable with most teachers." I assume that 
he refers to the class teacher, rather than 
to tbe professional writing teacher. 

If so, the statement proves uothing. 

Writing teachers know very well that 
the teaching of penmanship by the average 
class teacher, is impracticable either with 
or without couuting, for the very obvious 
reason that the class teacher has no prepar- 
ation for it. 

"Nine teachers out of ten who pretend 
to teach concert-writing, utterly fail iu tbe 

Nine teachers out of ten who pretend 
to teach writing, utterly fail by whatever 
method they adopt. 

" Many and many a time lias the writer 

* * * * found the teacher trying to 
have the children write in concert ; * * 

* * but only a few times has be found 
them keepiug time, .fcc." 

, So also tbe writer may visit any number 
of schools where penmanship is a part of 
the prescribed course, and find no progress 
worth mentioning. As a rule, writing is 
not TArr.HT except by professional writing 
teachers. The general practice is for pu- 
pils to draw the forms iu the copy, with an 
occasional suggestion from the teacher, who 
has no preparation for his duties, and who 
is glad when the disagreeable task is over. 
This kind of practice is not writing — it is 
iiiacery. The mere shower is not a 

' ' No pupils can write as well when re- 
quired to keep time with others, as when 
left free." 

This statement seems to me to be erron- 
eous. Experience, has shown that a stu- 
dent who write? very slowly, can often 
be made to increase his speed by the at 
tempt to keep np with others ; on the other 
hand, one who writes with a quick, jerking 
movement has been made to reduce bis 
speed by coocert writiug. 

I have never seen so good results pro- 
duced iu public schools, as in those where 
a system of counting was rigidly adhered to. 

It may not always be the best course to 
adopt, but it has done too much good to be 
entirely discarded. The intelligent teach- 
er can easily decide when to use it, and 
when not to. 

There is too much speculation and too 
little knowledge about the teaching of 

Yours very truly, 

C. E. Cady. 

Ironton, O., June 16, 1877. 
Pro/. Ames : 

Deab Sib : I am glad to receive a paper 
with your name as editor. I have often 
wished that you would conduct such an 
enterprise. In the May issue of the Jour- 
nal I noticed an item which stated that 
good writers were bad spellers, because 
their spelling would be noticed while that 
of the bad writer would not — while I do 
not pretend to dispute that assertion, I 
claim that there is a greater reason for bad 
spelling, and one which I hold to be true 
in all cases where tbe writer is at all ac- 
quainted with his vocabulary. It is be- 
cause he is paying his undivided attention 
to his chirography rather than a portion to 
the spelling of words. 

There ore several ways in which good 
writers are liable to fall into the habit of 
mispelling words : 

1st. By dropping the last letter of a word. 

2d. By leaving out one letter where 
double letters occur. 

3d. By spelling the word phonetically ; 
tliis will especially occur if the writer has 
ever paid any attention to phonography. 

I deduce these rules from my own per- 
sonal experience. Respectfully, 

Geo. G. Stearns, 
Supt. of Writing and Drawing in Public 


Office of Harkness' Magazine, ) 
Wilmington, Del., June 28, 1877. [ 
Prof. D. T. Ames: 

I remember you as a former acquaintance 
and friend, and am exceedingly gratified 
with the freshness, talent, interest and ar- 
tistic beauty of your Penman's Art Jour- 
nal. I sincerely hope it will succeed 
through obtaining a national circulation 
from all especially interested in the art, 
Even the title is a refined and unique idea, 
and the whole-souled magnanimity, justice 
and generosity with which yon treat your 
able rivals in your own profession pro- 
claims you a hero by nature aud culture. 
Very truly yours, 

John C. Harkness. 

Wonderful Memories. 

Pliny says that Cyrus had a memory so 
prodigious that he could name every officer 
and soldier in his armies, and that Lucius 
Scipio knew every Roman citizen by name 
when that city contained ' capable of 
bearing arms. Seneca speaks of a friend, 
Pontius Latro. who could repeat verbatim 
all the speeches that he had heard declaimed 
by the Roman orators. It is said that Joseph 
Scaliger committed to memory both the 
"Iliad" aud the " Odyssey " in twenty-one 
days. Sir William Hamilton tells of a Cor- 
sican of good family who bad gone to Padua 
to study civil law, in which he soon dis- 
tinguished himself He was a frequent 
visitor at the house aud gardens of Mura- 
tus who, having heard that he poss- 
essed a remarkable art or faculty of 
memory, though incredulous in regard to 
reports, took occasson to request from him 
a specimen of his power. He at once agreed, 
and having adjourned with a considerable 
party of distinguished auditors into a saloon, 
Muratus began to dictate words, Latin, 
Greek, barbarous, significant and non-sig- 
nificant, disjointed aud connected, until he 
wearied himself, the young man who wrote 
i hem down, and the audience who were 

3 all " be says, " marvel 

ually desired Muratus for more wordi 
declared he would be more satisfied if he 
could repeat the half of what he had taken 
down, aud at length he ceased. The young 
man fixed his gaze upon the ground, and 
then, says Muratus, " V'iifr /acinic* mirifi- 
.•i.ixi a a ni." Having begun tu speak, he 
absolutely repeated the whole words, in the 
same order iu which they had been de- 
livered, without the slightest hesitation ; 
aud then commencing from the last, he re- 
peatedthem backward till he came to the first. 
Then again, so that he spoke the first, the 
third, the fifth, and so on ; and did this in 
any order he was asked, all without tbe small- 
est error. Hnviu^ subsequently become 
familiarly acquainted with him, I had other 
and frequent experience of his power. He 
assured me (and he had nothing of the 
boaster in bimj that he could recite in the 
manner I have mentioned tn the amount of 
36,000 words; aud what is more wonderful, 
they all so adhered to the mind that, after 
a year's interval, he could repeat them with- 
out trouble. I know, from having tried him, 
that he could do so after considerable time.— 
Baltimore Sun. 

To Young Men. 

It is easierto be a good business man than 
a poor one. Half the energy displayed in 
keeping ahead that is required to catch up 
when behind, will save credit, and give more 
time to business, and to the profit and 
reputation of your word. Honor your engage- 
ments. If you promise to meet a man, or to 
do a certain thing at a certain moment, be 
ready at the appointed time. If you have 
work to do, do it at once, cheerfully, and 
therefore speedily and correctly. If you go 
out on business, attend promptly to the 
matter on hand, aud then as promptly go 
about your own business. Do not stop to 
tell stories in business hours. 

If you have a place of business be found 
there when wanted. No man can get rich sit- 
ting around stores and saloons. Never "fool" 
on business matters. If you have to labor 
for a living, remember that one hour in the 
morning is better than two at night. If you 
employ others, be on hand to see that they 
attend to their duties, and to direct with 
regularity, promptness, and liberality. Do 
not meddle with any business that yon know 
nothing of. Never buy an article simply 
because tbe man that sells it will take it out 
in trade. Trade is money. Time is money. 
A good business habit, and reputation is al- 
ways money. Make your place of business 
pleasant and attractive ; then stay there to 

Never use quick words, or allow yourself 
to make hasty or ungentlemauly remarks, to 
those in your employ : for to do so lessens 
their respect for you and your influence 
over them. Help yourself, and others will 
help you. Be faithful over tbe interests 
confided to your keeping, and in good 
time your responsibilities will be increased. 
Do not be in too great haste to get rich. Do 
not build until you have arranged a good 
foundation. Do not — as you hope to work 
forsuocess — spend time in idleness. If your 
time is your own, business will suffer if you 
do. If it is given to another for pay, it 
belongB to him, and you have no more right 
to steal it than to steal money. Be obliging. 
Strive to avoid harsh words and person- 
alities. Do not kick every stone in the path ; 
more miles can be made in a day by going 
steadily on than by stopping to kick. Pay 
as you go. A man of honor respects his 
word as he does his bond. Ask, but never 
beg. Help others when you can, but uever 
give when you cannot afford to, simply 
because it is fashionable. Learn to say no. 
No necessity of snapping it out dog-fashion, 
but say it firmly and respectfully. Have but 
few confidants, and the fewer the better. 
Use your own brains rather than those of 
others. Learn to think and act for yourself. 
Be vigilant. Keep abend, rather than behind 
the time. 

How Some of Our Merchants Have 

A few years ago a large drug firm in this 
city advertised for a boy. Tbe next day the 
store was thronged with applicants, among 
them a queer-looking little fellow, accom- 
panied by a woman, who proved to be his 
aunt, in lien of faithless parents, by whom 
he had been abaudoned. Looking at this 
little waif, the merchant in the store said : 
" Can't take him ; places all full ; besides, 
he is too small." "I know he is small," 
said the woman; "but he is willing and 
faithful." Theie was a twinkle in the boy's 
eyes which made the merchant think again. 
A partner in the firm volunteered to remark 
that he "did not see that they wanted such 
a boy — he wasn't bigger than a pint of 
cider." But after consultation tbe boy was 
set to work. A few days later a call wbb 
made on the boys in the store for some one 
to stay all night. The prompt response of 
tbe little fellow coutrasted well with the re- 
luctance of others. In tbe middle of tbe 
night the merchant looked in to see if all 
waa right in the store, and presently dis- 

covered bis youthful protege busy i 
labels, "What are von doing?" said he" 
"I did not tell you to work nights." "I 
know you did not tell me so, but I thought 
I might as well be doing something." Iu 
the morning the cashier got orders to 
"double that boy's wages, for he is willing." 
Only a few weeks elapsed before a show of 
wild beasts passed through ihe streets, and, 
very naturally, all hands in (lie store rushed 
to witness the spectacle. A thief saw his 
opportunity, and entered at the rear door to 
seize something, but in a twinkling found 
himself firmly clutched by the dimiuutive 
clerk aforesaid, and after a struggle was 
captured. Not only was a robbery pre- 
vented, but valuable articles token from 
other stores were recovered. When asked 
by the merchant why he staid behind to 
watch when all others quit their work, he 
replied: " You told me never to leave the 
store when others were absent, aud I 
thought I'd stay." Orders were immediately 
given once more: "Double that boy's 
wages; he is willing and faithful." To-day 
that boy is getting a salary of $2,600, and 
neit January will become a member of the 

Iron More Useful than Gold. 

" I have now in my hand," said Edward 
Everett, " a gold watch, which combines 
embellishment and utility in happy propor- 
tions, and is often considered a very valuable 
appendage to tbe person of a gentleman. 
Its hands, face, chaiu, and case, of chased 
and burnished gold. Its gold seals sparkle 
with the ruby, topaz, sapphire, emerald. 
I open it, and find that the works, without 
which this elegantly finished case would be 
a mere shell — those hands motionless, and 
those figures without meaning— are made of 
brass. Investigating further, and what is 
the spring, by which all these are put in 
motion, made of ? I am told it is made of 
stesl. I ask, what is steel ? The reply is, 
that it iB iron that has undergone a certain 
process. So, then, I find the mainspring, 
without which the watch would always be 
motionless, and its hands, figures and em- 
bellishments but toys, is not of gold (that is 
not sufficiently good), nor of brass (that 
would not do), but of iron. Iron, there- 
fore, iB the only precious metal ! And this 
watch is an emblem of society ! Its hands 
and figures, which tell the hour, resemble 
tbe master spirits of the age, to whose 
movements every eye is directed. Its use- 
less but sparkling st-nK sapphires, rubies, 
topazes, and embellishments are tin aristo- 
cracy. Its works of brass are the middle 
cIbsb, by the increasing intelligence and 
power of which the master spirits of the age 
are moved; and its iron mainspring, shut 
up in a box, always at work, but never 
thought of, except when it is disorderly, 
broke, or wants winding up, symbolizes the 
laboriDg class, which, like the mainspring, 
we wind up, by the payment of wages; and 
which classes are shut up in obscurity, and 
though constantly at work and absolutely 
necessary to the movement of society, as the 
iron mainspring is to the gold watch, are 
never thought of, except when they require 
their wages, or are in some want or disorder 
of some kind or other." 

The political and industrial rights aud 
privileges of the laboriug classes should not 
be lost sight of by legislators. Educate aud 
develop them, and they, in return, will bring 
iron out of tbe mountains in greater abund- 
ance ; will, by their superior intelligence, 
invent machinery, by which most of the 
labor of life may be performed; "make 
two blades of grass grow where but one grew 
before;" and thus, as in all other things, 
set the world ahead. The locomotive, steam- 
engine, telegraph, printing-press, sewing 
machines, mowers, reapers, 
harvesters, and so forth, will ■ 
invented and improved, just in proportion 
to the education and development of our 
people, and especially of the working 

Good and Bad Signs. 

It's a good sign to see a man doing an act 
of charity to his fellows. It's a bad sign to 
hear him boasting of it. It's a good sign to 
see the color of health in a man's face. It's 
a bad sign to see it all concentrated in his 
nose. It's a good sign to see an honest man 
wearing old clothes. It's a bad sign to Bee 
them filling holes in his windows. It's a 
good sign to see a woman dressed with taste 
and neatness. It's a bad sign to see her 
husband sued for feathers and foolery, gems 
and jewelry. 

Evil thoughts intrude in an unemployed 
miud, us uaturally as worms in a stagnant 

A wise man reflects before lie speaks; a 
fool speaks, and then lvhVrls on what he 
hus uttered. 

Philosophy does not regurd pedigree; 
she did not receive Pluto its a noble, but 
she made him so. 

Pupils learning to write should bear in 
mind, that it is not so much the amount 
of practice as the degree of care taken, that 
measures their improvement. 



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A. II. IIIMIl\. 


VOL. I. NO. 6. 

Self Study. 

Every man's success depends largely 
upon his tact and industry. If he be a pen- 
man these are his chief capital. Success 
in penmanship depends largely upon how 
much 01 little one uses his talents. To be 
a tine penman necessitates constant can- in 
the execution of everything, and to be a 
sup. -i nil teacher requires equal care. To 
realize the best results in any direction, 
the mind must ever be active, watchful, that 
every act will be a step in the right direc- 
tion. Because oue exists, it is no sign that 
he is doing wholly his part in life, neither 
because oik- is constantly doing something, 
is it true that he is accomplishing the high- 
est purpose for which he is capable. The 
one great key to success with every one is 
constant self study. Not a study for the 
good points in ones nature, but a constant 
study of those which should be overcome. 
With the one who desires to become a fine 
penman, there must prevail a constant 
watchfulness over one's practice, and a dis- 
position to weed out every error that can 
possibly be found in one's work. To be 
a good teacher, there must be a constant (or the success of every pupil 1 , for as 
the teacher leads, so pupils must follow. 
Good teaching depends largely upon self- 
study, and every true teacher will constant- 
ly ask himself, am I doing all I can for the 
uinsl cipid advancement of those under my 
charge . can I not find better methods than 
I am using ; ami earnest enough in my 
work, or am I lagging and killing time, 
doing half or much less than I am able to 
do ? These and hundreds of similar ques- 
tions are constantly arising iu the minds of 
the most successful teachers. While it is 
well to look constantly to the most rapid 
advancement of pupils, and to the acquis- 
ition of a high degree of skill, there must 
also be thoughts given to the means 
for the preservation of health, for like 
an engine or a machine, man possesses great 
power of achievement if he is constantly 
kept in repair. The strong, healthy person 
possesses far better spirits and a better 
balanced mind than one who feels languid 
for the want of exercise. A person can well 
afford to look to the keeping up a good 
supply of animal spirits, for with pleasant 
words, and lively thoughts, one soon be- 
comes a magnet and attracts others towards 
him, then to develop, and keep up this 
state of feeling requires self study. 

The constant expression of a heart full 
of kindness for others, was largely that 
which won to P. R. Spencer such a host 
of friends, Like a warm fire he was con- 
stantly shedding a warmth of feeling, 
which cheered and warmed the hearts 
• if nil with whom he came in contact 
We have known men who have cultivated 
this quality to such a degree that it gained 
for them position, influence, and brought 
them rapidly into wealth. To acquire this, 
requires constant self-study. The greatest 
obstacle to the advancement of peumen 
and penmanship, is the vast amount of 
selfishness existing in the profession. No 
man can be a Williams, a P. R. Spencer, 
or a Lusk, who does not give his knowledge 

freely to others, and were it not for their 
desire to benefit mankind, penmanship to- 
day, might be as devoid of its charming 
grades, as it has been for hundreds of 
years past. We are all thankful for their 
lives, aud yet it is possible for others to 
possess the same qualities of generosity 
and usefulness, were they to study their 
hearts and weed out that selfishness which 
prompts them to get but never to give. 
When we look back over the lives of the 
most selfish penmen we have met, we can- 
not but think of the justice of God in with- 
holding success from those who feel no 
interest in their fellow men. Truly it is 
better to give than receive, aud all will 
so think who give the subject and them- 
selves sufficient self-study. Akin to the 
spirit of selfishness is the practice of speak- 
ing ill of others. No one respects another 
for doing it. If it is weakness in a woman to 
talk about her neighbors, is it not fully 
as contemptible for a penman to speak ill 
of another? Better far to mention his 
good traits, and by self-study, control all 
impulses to speak ill, for he that conquors 
himself is greater than he that taketh a 
city. What are we as penmen throughout 
the country ? are we a band of brothers, 
eager to advance and protect each others 
interests aud good names, do we show our 
experience like brothers, are we united in 
oue common effort for the good standing 
of our profession, and the encouragement 
of those who are striving to climb, or are 
we not with a few exceptions ready to 
knock the props from under any member 
of the profession who has climbed higher 
than we ? Truly the minds of many should 
be changed, and such a change can only 
be brought about by the development of 
a true nobleness of heart, through a con- 
stant Belf-study. a. h. h. 

Penmanship — Once Practical, Now 
A certain author of penmanship some 
months since, remarked to a friend, that 
a paper devoted to the interests of penmen 
aud penmanship, conducted by a party in 
no way connected with a system of writing, 
could do much good. He thought such a 
paper could treat different systems impar- 
tially, &c. Being (as this author says), in 
no way connected with any system of 
writing, we are disposed to recognize 
merit, in every system published, and dis- 
cuss the merits and demerits of different 
systems, as fairly and impartially as our 
judgment will admit. Our desire is to 
present truth as best we can, and create 
an independence of thought among pen- 
men, which we feel should exist in every 
brother in our profession. Our regard for 
various authors of penmanship, is of a high 
order, aud we sincerely hope that no ties 
of personal friendship and esteem will be 
weakened by what we may say. Our de- 
sire is to present to the profession the truth 
as our experience and observation has led 
us to see it. In discussing various systems 
we feel much as a man would who was to 
act as judge at a baby-show, each mother's 
pet being considered by her the sweetest 

darling of all. So are different systems of 
writing equally the pets of their authors, 
in them they see perfection, and wonder 
that any could lie possessed of such coarse 
tastes as to not recognize the incomparable 
merits of their particular systems. 

We recognize that our rise and progress 
in penmanship, is due to the teachings, 
and truth presented to us, by P. R- Spen 
cer, and while we would uotkick the laddei 
that he trained us to climb, we would 
rather affirm an allegiance to the original 
Spencerian system, far surpassing that of 
the authors of the present so called Spin 
oarian. During the years of 1859-60, 
when the Spencer family resided at Ober- 
lin, Ohio, Father Spencer was con- 
ducting a writing academy, occasionally 
assisted by his sous. Applicants for ad- 
mission were then shown the beauties of 
the system, and the perfection of the prin- 
ciples. They were shown how the lower 
hook was used in the i, the it, and other 
letters, and how the upper hook and com- 
bined hook united formed letters. They 
were also shown that " principles were fixed 
forms," aud "that movement is the parent 
of principles," and that these principles 
were formed with a natural aud easy move- 
ment of the fingers and muscles. In fact 
that their system then was composed of 
graceful forms, based upon natural move- 
ments. Father Spencer's idea was ever to 
present no forms of letters which could not 
be produced by an easy aud natural move- 
meut, believiug as he did that no system 
could be practical, that must be written 
with great care and a labored effort 
During Father Spencer's life, he ever stud- 
ied the movements of business writers, and 
selected for his system such letters as they 
seemed to form with greatest ease. This, 
dear reader, was the original Spencerian 
penmanship, and the wonderful success 
which attended his teaching, came from 
training his pupils to produce forms that 
seemed almost natural. That the move- 
ments might be free and unrestrained, the 
position of the hand and pen were carefully 
explained, aud the greattcacber's constant 
practice was to sit beside his pupils aud 
show how easy were his movements, aud 
that his writing was solely the result of 
such movements. There was penmanship 
taught iu its purity, like the bounding deer, 
graceful in form, with perfect freedom of 
movement. But, alas, dear friends, the last 
fifteen years h;is wrought sad havoc with 
the once grand old Spencerian. Like the 
country girl, once the child of nature, full 
of beauty, life and freedom, she is brought 
to the city aud trained to look more grace- 
ful and beautiful. Her movements now 
must be of the greatest care, her waist is 
squeezed into the tightest ecu-sets, her hair 
piled upon her head, liable to fall with any 
unguarded movement, her feet, ouco giving 
her a firm footing, are pinched into nar- 
row shoes, till deprived of all that gave 
her freedom, she is transformed into a 
delicate and beautiful pet, almost wholly 
unfitted for any thing useful. So it is 
with the once beautiful, graceful and nat- 
ural Spencerian, which Father Spencer 
trained to the utmost freedom, by studying 

nature and natural movements. It has been 
taken from its good old father, and worked 
over aud dressed according to the most 
rigid demands of system ; like the city 
maiden, the only thing that it retains of its 
former self, is its name. As we lay upon 
the bed a few days since, with our hands 
under our head trying to doze, thoughts 
of the past and present ran as follows. We 
imagined that Father Spencer had returned 
to life like Rip Van Wiukle, and that his 
sou Henry caught him by the hand exclaim- 
ing : " Ou, father, I'm so glad you've come 
back, I've had such an awful time, P. D. 
and S. have been righting us so hard ; they've 
got their books all over the country, aud 
they've stolen our system aud style and 
everything, while Lyman and I, have tried 
to beat them, besides you kuow, we took 
Mr. Hoges from them, and in spite of us 
all they've succeeded. Here, see their 
copy-books, see how they have copied us." 
" What, Henry ! you don'tflay that is the 
P. D aud S. penmanship, do you ?" 

"Yes, father, here are Potter & Ham- 
mondjs books, they, too, have copied us, 
isn't it a downright shame ?" 

" Well, son Henry, I don't understand 
what you meau by copied, this certainly 
is not Spencerian as I made it, it is too 
painfully exact, wanting in freedom, ill 
adapted for business, or rapid practical 
use. Aud as for beiug copied iron) 
Spencerian, my boy, that's impossible. 
You know that I always taught you that 
Spencerian writiug must be practical, 
must be of a style rapid yet graceful, 
aud possessing the main features found 
iu the writing of the moat rapid and 
legible business peumen ; no my son, no- 
thing copied there ; but come, let ma see 
the graud old Spencerian." 

" Oh, father, I know you won't like it" 
"Not like it, my son ! why I spent years 
iu developing it and bringing it to perfec- 
tion, and you know, Henry, that it was the 
ideal of business men, and that accountants 
and everybody pronounced it the only nat- 
ural system ever devised, you know how 
I gave my life's best love to it, and that iu 
the clouds, the leaf, aud the waves, I caught 
my inspiration and love for the? beautiful, 
aud that among business writers, I caught 
the ideas of natural movements, and com- 
bined them into the beautiful and useful 

"Oh, father, I see it all, and many, many 
times I've thought it over, but you kuow 
that when I took the system, 1'. D. and 
S. was carrying things, and I thought to 
put more system into ours, and so split 
your principles into five party, in order to 
show them we could put little parte togeth- 
er, aud make letters as well oa they with 
larger ones, and I thought I had beaten 
them then, but they changed their style 
aud dressed up their letters to look band- 

me. We then surpassed them in beauty, 

d then they matched us, till either of us 

w cannot see how to make letters more 

"But, my son, how is it with the business 
world, do business men writ* what you call 
your beautiful system ?" 

" No, father, it's for children in schools; 


bamneaa men can't write it, they Deed 
something rapid you know. There are 
perhaps a dozen penmen in the country 
who can draw it when they take time. 
Brother Lyman and Mr. Flickinger, can do 
it best, yet it takes them days to p. mil -.tit 
a few lines for the copy-book." 

"Ah, I see, Henry, yon and P. D. and 
S. bare been trying to outdo each other in 
the tracing out of fancifully beautiful let- 
ters while practical and rapid business 
writing can now only be found among 
natural business writers, who lay no claim 
to any system." The curtain Ml, and I 

[ell to Bleep. *• h. h. 

We can hardly agree with friend H. 10 
regard to the modern or revised Speuce- 
rian system, being less practical or merito- 
rious than formerly. We believe that it 
has been greatly improved by being made 
less complicated, more systematic and 
practical.— Ed. 

Reading and Writing in Public Schools. 

\\ v auraeetly commend to the considera- 
tion of teachers and superintendents of 
public Instruction! the following excellent 
rule, and very sensible remarks relative to 
teaching, reading and writing, copied 
from the annual public school report by 
Thomas W. Fields, superintendent of 
public instruction for the city of Brook- 
lyn, N. V. : 

No part of my official duties lias 
seemed more important to me than the se- 
curing ol Increased attention to instruc- 
tion m reading and writing. A requisi- 
tion in the course ot study, adopted by 
your Hoard, at my request, demands an 
exercise in both ol these stndie* twice each 
day in all the primary clashes, and once in 
all grammar classes. 

I have required absolute and uncondi- 
tional imlormity to this rule in the 
BOhoolB, and hare admitted the validity of 
no excuse for neglect of its observance. 
I am so strongly convinced that it is im- 
possible to exaggerate the importance of 
predominant attention to these studies, 
that i have insisted upon all others being 
considered mere accessories, until these 
hail i. 'reived tlieir lull attention. 

It haM been the practice of many teach 
ers to intermit the writing exercise, whei 
by any occurrence the regular course wai 
interrupted, because that instruction re 
quired the most preparation — in fact, in- 
volved the most preparation. 

Whenever I have found the writing or 
reading exercises irregular, and less fre- 
quent than the rule requires, the excuse 
given is that it was singing-day, or 
drawing-day, or it was Friday, or some 
other occasional interruption which ren- 
dered it inconvenient. In all such occur- 
rence)* of infraction of this most important 
rule, 1 have, as strongly as temperate and 
polite language permits, insisted upon its 
observance, even at the cost of the aban- 
donment of all the grammar, geography 
and astronomy lessons. 

I recommend the passage of a resolu. 
tiou by your Board, fixing the order ot 
recitations and exercises in all the classes 
of the schools, winch shall require that the 
first instruction m all the grammar classes, 
except academic, for every morning ses- 
sion ol the schools, shall be in reading, 
which shall continue until every Boholar 
has had at least one exercise iu that study. 

Thai the lirst exercise in all the classes 
in the afternoon Bboil be in writing; and 

that Instruction m all other branches 
shall be subsidiary and subordinate to tu- 
ition iu writing and reading. That in- 
struction iu reading iu all the primary 
classes shall he first in order, and writing 
the next, for every morning and afteruoou 
session of the BOhool. 

To Young America. 

r«ftlti>, ion town aim taught, 

niM, f ,.i,,,-„ jr., in mi, mil ihsiu-e ; 

I) liiu^ J.,.:-A.t. 

What is Sneers 1 

ogalu »kiii«l7»rtT 




Ifl ll'|.tll- "I VMMlJlT 

■ Biddy m»u 

>< lliluK i Ley i-anLol impart. 

become faint-hearted, because skill is not 
reached at once. Q. Practice, then, 
makes perfect, does it uot ? A. No, not 
entirely, for many do not know how to 
practice to make rapid progress ; some may 
u practice years and be poor writers, 
i seem to love the art dearly, but many 
the wrong movements, or hold the pen 
as to prevent its free use. Without 
proper movements, «fcc, practice will not 
make perfect. Q. But some persons oease 
improving often, and when one gets no 
better, even though they continue to prac- 
tice, have they not gone as high as they 
can in the art 1 A. Many think they 
have, and give up faint hearted. Gener- 
ally such nersons need the help of a guide, 
in tne person of a superior penmau and 
teacher, some one who can give them a 
higher conception of the art and point out 
many little things that prevented their 

Do You Think 1 Can Become a Penman ? 

We are constantly beiug asked this ques- 
tion, and in return, usually ask as follows : 
Do you think you could truly tail in love 
with tne art, and that your love for it 
u ould be so lasting that you would devote 
mouths auu perhaps yearn to earnest study 
tiud practice 'i li the answer is in the 
atliraiitive, we then reply that such devo- 
tion and effort will surely make one a pen- 
man. Question, ''Weil, but don't you 
think thui lucre is a good deal iu being a 
natural penman ? Answer, ies, there is 
something in uuving an appreciation of the 
grace ana harmony ol curves and lines, but 
unless sufficient siudy anil practice is giv- 
en, no one can become a tine penman, 
y. Well, are not some born to ue good 
penmen — why 1 know a boy who used to 
icnbbhug upon everything he could 

find — dry -gouds bos 
and ev«iyihing else, 
beautituhy, yet never 
Xes, some have a uati 


I a teacher ? A, 

, ,; |, 


that love leads them to scribble 

till they achieve great skill; but 

mmdreus who take a great liking 

ve is not sufficiently 

enough to master it. To my mind, pluck 
is th« greatest requisite to becoming a 
skilful penman. (J. Don't you think lhat 
some persona might practice a nfe-time 
and uot become good writers ; now, 1 am 
just oue of that bind. I've been to three 
or four writing-masters, and each one 
promised to uiaite me write a fiue hand— 

me last one, 1 think, was Prof . , he 

taught six nights for $3, and I Seemed to 
improve a great deal with each teacher, 
bui 1 now write as badly as ever? A. 
Thousands ot persons have au experience 
like yours; they are on the road to good 
writing, and after traveling a short dis- 
tance, give up their journey. Teachers 
may givo them a few lessons, but m such 
oases they are only a start, and as soon as 
the teacher is gone, the pupil, stopping his 
practice, comes to u halt, and althoUgii he 
was making good progress, he soon settles 
into the idea thai nature never designed 
him for a penman. Q, Well, don't you 
tniuk there is something in tne shape of 
the hand that affects one's writing — my 
hand, you see, is not shaped like yours ? 
A, There is nothing the matter with any 
natural, uudel'ormed hand to prevent ac- 
quiring skill in penmanship. The greatest 
obstacle to the success ot hundreds 
start to become penmen is their lack ol 
pluck — they grow tired of the journey, and 

Mark Twain's Scrap-Book, 
Is the best and most convenient -. 
we have ever seen. It is book and paste p. it 
combined. It is built on the "stick with 
a lick" principle, like a postage stamp. 

Always handy, always neat, no smearing, 
do rendering of the scrap* so transparent 
as to make the reverse side plainer than 
the side you want to read. 

For sale at the office of the Art Journal, 
Send for a circular, giving full description 

To Young Men. 

It has been said, and truly, that a man is a 
bundle of hahits. ft may be said, with equal 
truth, that bad habits are our worst enemies. 
How they steal on us almost unconsciously 
end securely fasten themselves to us ! 
What tremendous effort* it takes to rid our- 
selves of them when once we have yielded, 
of the great churches of Naples I 

Hints for Students in Writing. 
With most boys there is a fascination 
about anything which shows skill. 
swiftest runner or skater, or the best ball 
player or jumper, all are admired and en 
vied in proportion to their amount of skill 
When boys are merging into manhood i: 
a period when many form an attachment 
for penmanship, and desire to become 
skiltul penmen. As there are many such 
who are among the readers of the Journal, 
we will give a few points which may bene- 
fit them. There is necessary to the skil- 
iuI execution ot penmanship a free move- 
ment, and in writing, an easy and correct 
position of the hand is worth much labor 
to attain. The study of principles is 
another good practice, and when writing 
to see that they are perfectly loaned. The 
practice of flourishing is something we re- 
gard as of git at vulue in gaining for the 
learner a free use of the baud and arm. 
In flourishing, all the movements are upon 
ovals or parts of ovals, and in forming 
capital letters the main leatures are ovals. 
fcio that the movements of flourishing are 
in perfect harmony with the whole-arm 
movements used in forming capitals, 
There are very many persons who would 
not dare to strike out with a bold whole- 
arm movement and try to make letters, 
but we have found all such to jump rapid- 
ly into confidence in themselves by teach- 
ing them to flourish. We would also ad- 
vocate the use ol the muscular movement, 
but would always combine it with the fin- 
ger movement. There are no persons who 
write wholly with the muscular movement, 
but there are very many who use too little 
of it. We would also advocate au occa- 
sional change ol pens, a stifl' pen and an 
elastic one. SonietiineB it is very difficult 
to carry a light hand ; when such is the 
case, vigorous-movement exercises, even 
to the breaking of a few pens, is of great 
value. Confidence m one's self is rapidly 
gained by bold and heavy shading, tor the 
ability to shade heavily makes it easy to 
produce smooth and i.clicate shades. As 
a rule all shades should slaut alike, also 
the average width of capitals should be 
three-fourths the hight. The observance 
of this rule prevents the sprawling appear- 
ance of the capitals, and it is well worth 
being governed by it. a. h, h. 

form j 






" Vice 

i life 


g with 


ous effort fcu 

Specimen Copies of the Journal 
Of the present issue of the Journal 
we mail a Very large number as specimen 
copies, hoping that they will be as good 
Baud sown in good ground, bringing lorth 
iruit abundantly. We ask all persons 
thus favored with a copy to peruse it caie- 
lully, and tneu, of course, lavor us with 
their subscription, and, lurthermore, 10 
say unto otheis, " do thou likewise." 

We shaft spare no pains to present a 
periodical which, to teachers, pupils 
admirers of penmanship, will be a col 
(east ot ihe good things pertaining tt 
most useful aud beautiful of arts. 

What Would Make us Happy. 

To nave every reader subscribe tor the 
Journal and then get everybody to do the 
eanie ; only a trine, for each oub. 

break loose from the network of evil habi 
that have completely enveloped him. The 
net is represented by a cordon of op«m work 
marble about him. A master's hand has 
wrought out this wonderful pitce of statuary. 
A Btrong man iu the prime of manhood finds 
hirusely completely encircled, hound hand 
and foot, by bad habits. The net-work is 
complete. There seems to be no possible 
escape from its meshes. But under the in- 
spiration of a new purpose that seems to 
have come to the man from the face of a 
beautiful angel, cut in white marble, looking 
down upon hiui, with a mighty effort he has 
succeeded in breaking asunder the coils that 
are about him. Every muscle is at a 
tension, every part of the entire form seems 
convulsed iu the fearful struggle. But he 
haB been successful, and a radiant smile of 
joy and relief lights up his face. Never 
before had f so fully realized the power and 
" ;, and how utterly i 

break lo 



Every day I meet on these streets i 
though rich, would give all their 
in a moment could they rise above the power 
of an evil habit. Only the other day a 
citizen fled away from our city to a distant 
part of the country hoping, as he said, to get 
rid of the temptations thut were about him. 
The formation of correct habits in early 
life is comparatively easy. In a word : 
if you would become model characters you 
must discard all bad habits, all odd habits, 
all that is ungracious or ungraceful m word or 
deed, or manner. In order to do this you must 
study constantly yourselves, and if possible, 
be under the influence and shadow of good 
men and women. Read, in your hours of 
recreation, good books. Shun, as you would 
a deadly poison, the impure literature that 
" sby on the other 
;o take a social 
i friend. Bear about with you 
s dignity of manhood, not m a 
a modest, yet positive way. 
■e principle for place. Embark 


irdM ' 

Bponge I 

■'.l ,.<•,,,; 

want a scrap-boo 

thnt wUl t 

H B bt eve 

giving lu. 

1 description wi 

ti prlfiea fi>r 

Mark Two 


Free Movement. 

I have noticed several articles on this 
point, but none that I remember which 
gave information regarding the relative 
hight of the seat and table or desk while 
practicing. I am led to believe from my 
own experience, that many young penmen, 
who have worked faithfully to acquire the 
right movement, have finally failed, giving 
np in despair, from the nnnoticed fact 
that their seat was too high or low. 

I have noticed when I have had occasion to 
occupy a seat too high, that I would have 
to bend my body down in order to rest 
the muscle lightly upon the table, and 
thereby giving an uneasy position, thus 
rendering an easy movement impossible. 
I have also noticed, when sitting in a seat 
too low, that. I could not control my arm, 
or got any true or easy motion, and have 
often, while sitting in tins position for a 
few moments, had my arm become numb, 
aud uncontrollable. I have also observed 
that a little difference in the hight of the 
seat will affect considerably the movement 
of the arm and hand. 

I would like to hear from others in re- 
gard to this point, as I am of the opinion 
that Dothiog in the line of writing can be 
made first-class without a perfectly free 
and easy movement. 

Sylvester Moody, 

East Charleston, Vt. 

Elkton, Md., August 6, 1877. 
Prof. D. T. Ames: 

Esteemed Friend : I have read four 
numbers of your journal through twice, 
the advertisements and all. It 'is in mj 
opinion, just what the penmen need 
Long may it flourish ! 

The refined consider peumauship a fine 
art, some pronounce it also an exact science ; 
if it is either or both, its terms should be 
well defined. Judging from your columns 
some of your contributors use such expres- 
sions as "good writing," "beautiful pen- 
manship," &c. and no two agree in 
the use of the terms. To make the criti- 
cisms, that will appear in you paper from 
time to time, more definite, it might be 
well to use the following terms, viz : for 
work equal to Pratt's, Williams', Ames', 
Flickeuger's, Sonle's, Cowley's, Hiumaus", 
&c. t I recommend the term excellent; for 
the next grade, which would embrace the 
most of our experienced commercial college 
penmen, rery fine ; or, if you prefer it, 
first-class. For the next grade lower beau- 
itfuL This would embrace nearly all the 
rest of the profession. Next /air, next 
•ini.d, next moderate, uext poor, next b<i</, 
last miserable. 

We might then say that public school 
teaohera write, as a class, poorly, and their 
pupils, as a rule, badly, and what we 
meant would at least be understood. 

Borne Learned contributor might suggest 
more suitable terms. Letsome be adopted 
and they will soon become established. 

Some of your contributors are, in my 
opinion too severe on the itinerating mem 
bers of our craft During twenty-three 
years that I have been in the field I have 
met and examined the work of about two 
hundred writing masters. They charged 
their pupils from six aud a quarter cents 
to one dollar per hour fur instruction. In 
all cases their pupils received from two to 
fifty times their money's worth. In char- 
acter they compared favorably with the 
average merchant, lawyer, preacher and 
itinerant lecturer. The stars iu our pro- 
fession uearlj all were once traveling 
writing teachers. If all professional pen- 
men are not saints or angels, if they take 
theJouBNAL it will greatly assist them in 
thai direction. It has done me good I suspect the remarks that I 
bider severe are from some cnmmi 
college peutleman who maybe so good 
that he thinks lio one else is fit to teach 
n„ ten million " miserable" scribblers in 
tbiseonutry. Let us do one another a 1 ! 
the good we can and as little harm as possi- 
ble, and let each do all he can to elevate 
aud improve our profession. 

If there are any " rascals" in the trad 
they will soon abandon it for some moi 
congenial pursuit. 

If you think this worth inserting iu yoi 
classic columns please put it iu. 

Yours fraternally, 

Jas. A. Conodon. 

Hon. Edward Everett on Penmanship. 
The following is an extract from a speech 
delivered at the dedication of the Elliott 
School, Boston, in the mouth of October, 
IH59. Iu speaking about his writing- 
teacher, he 

Practical Education. 

This is a practical world and not merely 
one of fancy. It presents to us the spec- 
tacle of a struggling and ardent humanity, 
confronting us with its intense and varied 
activity, and moving toward the grave un- 
der the strong and exciting stimulants of 
earthly motive. Whether there be any 
after life to which this is a preliminary, 
is a questiou which we will not now con- 
sider. That this life is of some importance 
while it does last all will admit. Once, 
and but once, do we pass through it, aud 

"Here I must do an act of justice to 
our aged instructor in writing, Master 
Tileston, who if he did not do much else 
for us, certainly laid the foundation for 
that beautiful old-fashioned hand-wntmg, 
without flourishes, and sometimes almost 
equal to copperplate, which I think you do 
not so often see now-a-days. Perhaps I am 
mistaken, sir; I intend no disparagement 
of the schools of the present day, teachers 
or pupils ; but as far as I can form an 
opinion from the facts that fall within my 
own observation, a good many young peo- 
ple have got it into their heads that it is a 
mark of genius to write an illegible hand. 
For myself, sir, I shall ever feel grateful 
to the memory of Master Tileston for hav- 
ing deprived me in early life to all claim 
to distinction which rests upon writing a 
hand winch nobody can read, asfewpoiuts 
of a practical education are of greater im- 
portance than a good hand-writing ; and I 
now desire to speak of him with gratitude, 
for he put me on the track of an acquisi- 
tion which has been extremely useful to 
me in after life, that of a plain legible 

The above may be found in volume iv. 
Everett's Orations, page 2G4. 

Our Next Alphabet 

will be the off-hand, or whole-arm capitals. 
This will be followed by a set of very 
beautiful flourished Italian capitals, which 
will be followed by Old English, Text, Rus- 
tic, Roman, and fancy alphabets, and fine 
specimens of plain and ornamental letter- 
ing. Each cut will be accompanied with 
clear and concise iustructious how to learn 
aud practice the examples given; these 
copies and the accompanying instruction 
will alone be worth many times the cost of 
a year's subscription to the Journal. New 
subscribers, who desire to do so, can have 
all the back numbers, except No. 1; they 
will thus secure the entire series of alpha- 
bets. Those desiring back numbers should 
subscribe at once, as they will soon be 

The Columns of the Journal Open to All. 
It is the desire of the publishers of 
this Journal that it shall be a grand 
medium for a ready and free interchange 
of thoughts and ideas among the profes- 
sion concerning their art and calling ; 
therefore, should anv readers find in its 
columns ideas with whi«h they differ, or to 
which vhey desire to add they will please 
us and gratify themselves, and, perhaps, 
muny readers, by just taking their pens 
and communicating to us their dislike or 
approval with reasons for the same. 

Business college men wishing the ser- 
vices i.f a superior plain and ornamental 
penman, who is also au experienced teach- 
er of book-keeping aud business arith- 
metic, should correspond with E. M, Hunt 
zinger, whose advertisement is in another 

plished by our 

Earth has 
making learned 


hence the first voyage must be a success, 
or iu respect to the interest of this world, 
life will be a failure. To many it is almost 
a total failure — merely a succession of 
days and years with no adequate fruit. 
The degree and wisdom of individual 
effort is, undoubtedly, as a rule, the grand 
measure of life's suecess. He who works 
the most in any department of labor, who 
conducts that labor with the highest 
amount of skill, who saves the most time 
for useful and productive purposes, will, 
for a rule, obtain the pre-eminence in this 
life. Action, well directed, is the great 
secret of success. The real difference 
among men ib not in the ratio of their na- 
tive capacity, but with these capacities 
taken in connexion with the manner of 
their use. Use, with the result, therefore, 
is the legacy that we all want. Gifts with- 
out this, amount to nothing. A good, 
practical education giving us this use is, 
therefore, an important necessity to every 
man. He must be taught what to do and 
how to do it. Living iu this world is an 
art to be acquired and not an original gift 
of nature. Without the art of living— 
without the habit of mind and body which 
it supposes, man is a mere animal, a cypher 
in society, doing uothiug, and capable of 
doing nothing to give importance to his 
own personal action. He might as well be 
dead as living. Society has no use for 
such a man and no rewards to bestow 
upon him. When shall this art be ac- 
quired ? Nature at once points to the 
period of youth as the season of probation 
and training for manhood. Then, if we 
ever fit ourselves to be men in a practical 
sense and not mere boys— men in the true 
sense, possessed of firm, high-toned 
moral principles, with powers of mind dis- 
ciplined and well directed to some prac- 
tical end in life, it must be done during 
the period of our youth and be accom. 
individual efforts, 
short-hand patent for 
len, fine artists, skilled 
experienced merchants. In 
the thing miiBt be acquired, 
and youth is the season for the acquisition. 
This is a world for work and learning to 
work. Away with that stupid notion that 
regards labor as a badge of disgrace, and 
idleuess as a mark of social dignity. Every 
idler might to be thoroughly despised aud 
evert/ honest laborer as thoroughly honored. 

We believe that the education demanded 
is that kind that will enable us to be self 
reliant and that may be at any time put to 
some practical purpose. 

A New SerieB of Copy Books. 
• We invite attention to a notice in our 
advertising columns of "The Combined 
Trial and Copy Page Writing Books;' 
they combine many new and, apparently, 
good features, and should be examined by 
all teachers of writing. 

B. F. Robinson, Clarksburg, W. Va.— 
Your specimens are creditable for one of 
your age and experience. You have an 
easy movement but need to study care- 
fully the forms and proportions of your 
letters aud designs for flourishing. 

C. S. M.. Johnstown, Wis.— The best 
works upon penmanship, are, for ornamen- 
tal penmanship, lettering, flourishing and 
writing, Williams & Packard's Gems, 
price $5; for practical writiug, Williams 
k Packard's Guide (which also contains 
some fine examples of flourishing), price 
$2.60. The Spencerian Compendium, 
price $2 (also contains some fine ex- 
amples of flourishing). The keys to both 
the Spencerian aud Paysou and Duntou 
systems are excellent and of great oid to 
one teaching, or seeking to acquire a good 
hand-writing without a teacher; the price 
for each is $1.50. Any of the above- 
named works can be had by sending their 
price to the Journal. 

Specimen Copies. 

Of the present issue of the Journal we 
print a large number to be given, as speci- 
men copies free, to persons likely to be 

Silfheientlv interested to subscribe. 

To persons who are endeavoring to se- 
cure clubs, or who have interested friends 
to whom they desire to preseut a copy, we 
will, on request stating the number de- 
sired, mail them in a package for distribu- 
tion, or if they choose to seud us the names 
we will mail the Journal direct from our 

Doubters becoming Convinced. 
As we expected, at commencing the pub- 
lication of the Journal, many of our best 
penmen, although friendly to such an un- 
dertaking, hesitated to subscribe or identify 
themselves with it, from fenr it miedit not 
succeed ; but "nothing succeeds like suc- 
cess." Our subscription listsarematerinlly 
lengthened, and are rapidly increasing by 
the addition of the names of the original 
doubters. Still there is room, nud a few 
more subscribers can be furnished with all 
the back numbers except, the first. 

School Journals. 

The New York School Journal comes to 
hand as usual, well filled with matter of 
great interest and vnlne to teoehers in 
every department of education. The 
Journal is edited by Amos M. Kellnge, 17 
Warren street, and is devoted exclusively 
to educational matters and deserves to be 
in the hands of every teacher in the coun- 

Also received the Canadian School Jour- 
nal, published by Adam Miller A Co.. 
Toronto, Canada. It is ably edited, nnd 
well calculated to enlighten and encourage 
the teacher. It merits a wide circulation. 
Specimen copies sent free to teachers and 
school officers. 

We invite attention to Prof. J. C. 
Bryant's advertisement of his new and pop- 
ular work upon book-keeping on our 
eighth page. 

The Sacramento Business College offers 
a full course scholarship, to be awarded as 
a special premium, to the pupil in the 
public schools who shall execute the best 
specimen of penmanship for exhibition at 
the California State Agricultural Fair. 

Our readers will perceive by Prof. Pack- 
ard's card upon the seventh page that he 
is now revising the Bryant A' Stratton series 
of book-keeping, of which he is the author. 
No one better understands what is wanted 
or is more capable of presenting the same 
in an interesting and practical manjier 
than Mr. Packard. 

THE I" I : N M A N g? il!T JOURNAL. 

fuhll-hcrt Mnnihlr «i 

Pl.OOi.rr r«U 

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r« York. 


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The Present Number of th* Journal. 

No pittas or expense has been spared to 
render the present issue of the Journal 
to a high degree interesting, Instructive 

and i uiifnl. We have been greatly 

in these efforts, and rendered 
nlmosf rain bj the many strong and earn- 
est expressions from our patrons of satia- 
liM'ti.m n itii the JorjxiNAti, and good wishes 
rod efforts for its future success. In view 
of the Bread and general depression in the 
ind ftnonoe "f the couptry, the 

BnOOeSS of the JOTTRKAIi lrns been reinnrk- 

able, qnite beyond ■ expectations, At 

tin' rii 1 1> we are now ivceiving subscriptions, 

it will imt be i before the Joobkal will 

' ' I'll. i' must widely circulated and 

Popular class papers in the United States. 
Its value to the profession as s ready and 
available moans of inter-oommunioation, 

oai I be OVST estimated. It may thus 

beoome a great lever fur the elevation of 
the entire profession of "writing toacbers" 
fcoai a worthy, dignified and honored 

plane, uot SO much by the.--: 

the little wisdom of Its editors aa bj be- 
ooming a grand n oepl toll tnd channel for 
the -lit Row of the varied thonghts tnd 
Of the multitude of live, think- 
ing and skilful beaohen bo be found within 

the ranks of our profession. 

Who will not thereby gain new wisdom 

mpeteot and 

'illy for himself, and 

for the dig&ity and honor of his calling ? 

, We hereby extend a cordial invitation 

♦o all penmen Or Others interested in the 

, subject to favor os with carefully prepared 
; communications relating to any d< pnrt- 
ment of penmanship. 

Penmen and the Journal. 

We wish all penmen to bear in mind 

that this is a " penman's paper," ami that 

it is to tfaem thai it looks mainly for aid 

and support. 

Thnt a well conducted penman's paper 
hi be ol great advantage and interest to 
the profession all admit, yet there are 
those who have contributed nothing to 
its support, and many others who seem to 
think that their whole duty ends with the 
Rending of their subscription ; for that, of 
course, we are thankful, but we believe 
that the teacher who induces Ins pupil to 
subscribe for Ihe JOURNAL, will do him ft 
substantial service. Some teachers bfive 
sent us loog lists of the names of their 
pupils tis subscribers ; if all would do this 
the Journal would soon become one of 
the most widely circulated and popular 
class papers published. Such a support 
would enable its publishers to be more 
liberal in the way of illustration and other 
new and interesting features, so much 
desired by its patrons; thus the helper will 
in tnrn be helped. 

Will penmeu please bear this in mind, 
and improve every opportunity to secure 
a new subscriber for the Journal. 

Not Responsible. 

It should be distinctly understood that 
the editors of the Journal are not to be 
held aa indorsing anything outside of its 

editorial columns ; nil communications, 

not objectional in their character, or devoid 
of interest or merit, are received and 

published ; if any person differs Ihe columns 
are equally open to him to any so and tell 

Ames' Compendium of Pen Art Gems. 

In the July issue of the Journal it was 
announced that all contributions designed 
for publication in this work must be 
received on or before August I, which 
was an oversight, and should have been 
September 1, 

Through the urgent request of several 
parties who have been unable to complete 
their work, we have been led to extend 
the time during which contributions will 
be received to October 10. 

The work on our part is fast approaching 
completion, aud we venture to predict that 
it will he the most comprehensive, inter- 
esting and valuable work upon ornftmeutal 
penmanship ever published. 

All skilful penmen who have uot already 
done BO, are hereby requested to contrib- 
ute. ;i Bpecimen of their penmanship 
for insertion, in connexion with their 
name To those who desire to do so, a 
circular giving instructions regarding size 
of Bpecimen and manner of its execution, 
will be mailed on application. 

Books Received. 
Copy slips, with book of instructions 
by D. L. Musselman, Qnincy, 111., have 
been received. The copies are well exe- 
cuted, systematic, practical, and cheap. 
The accompanying instructions are apt, 
clear, and well calculated to aid the 
learner in his practice from the, slips. 

Ortnn & Sadler's Business Calculator, 
published by the authors, at Baltimore, 
Md., is n brief concise, and practical 
work, giving the shortest and best methods 
for all mathematical operations, as applied 
to business. It is peculiarly adapted for 
use in commercial colleges and the count- 
ing-room. Its methods will be interesting 
to everybody having a taste for mathe- 

We have received from J. E. Phillips, 
Central Square, N. Y., a set of copy slips 
which he baa recently published, aud 
which ho advertises in another eolnmn. 
Thty are systematic and practical, well 
adapted for use either with or without the 
aid of a teacher. 


J. D. Holcomb. Mallett's Creek, Ohio, 
is one of the genuine, live penmen of the 
West, and writes a very easy, rapid and 
graceful hand. 

R. C. Loveridge, principal of the Tale 
Business College, New Haven, Conn., 
favored na with a call recently. Prof. 
Loveridge is a very accomplished penman, 
and reports a good degiee of prosperity in 

Fielding SchoQeld, who has for several 
years been the penman at Warner's Busi- 
ness College, Providence R. I., is now at 
Clark's Newark (N. J.) Business College. 
Prof. Schotield is an accomplished penman 
aud successful teacher. 

Prof. Jas. A. Congdon, author of the 
"Nnriniil and Commercial System of Busi- 
ness aud Ornamental Penmanship," is 
teaching with his usual marked success 
BtElkton,Md. Prof. Congdon is one of 
the most energetic, skilful, and successful 
teachers of writing in the field. 

A. S. Manson, the New England agent 
for the Payson, Duutou & Scribner copy 
hooks, is in Bostou (32 Brom^field street). 
We had the pleasure of witnessing a speci- 
men r( Prof. Munson's remarkable skill 
at blaofc-board writing and nourishing, at 
a national teachers' meeting. We have 
rarely seen it equalled. 

Wo recently received ft call from our old 
friend, S. O. Bnatty, who for many years 
was at the head of the Ontario Business 
College, Belleville, Canada. He has re- 
cently become a member of the firm of 
Adam Miller ife Co., school-book publish- 
ers, in Toronto. Mr. Beatty is possessed 
of sterling business qualities, and will un- 
doubtedly meet, ns ho deserves, with large 
Buooesa in his new vocation. 

G. H. Shattnck, who was for many years 
the New York agent for the Payson, Dun- 
ton A Scribner copy hooks, has taken the 
place of M. D. L. Hayes as general agent 
and part proprietor of the Speucerian sys- 
tem, with head-quarters at the publishers, 
Iveson, Blakeman, Taylor & Co., 138 aud 
140 Grand >treet, New York. Prof. Shat- 
tnck has been long anil favorably known 
not only ns a skilful writer, but ns an emi- 
nently skilful teacher. 

L. L. Curtis, Auburn, Me., forwards a 
well-executed design for a marriage certifi- 

G. T. Oplinger, Statington, Pa., incloses 
iu a well-written letter six very attractive 
designs for ornamental cards. 

Hector McKay, jr., Owen Sound, On- 
tario, incloses a photographic copy of a 
very creditable piece of engrossing. 

E. W. Scott, Alexandriania, Va., sends 
an original design in the form of a flour- 
ished eagle, which is very attractive. Mr. 
Scott is an easy and graceful writer. 

Gus. Hulsizer, Toulon, III., sends an in- 
geniously-designed and skilfully executed 
specimen of flourishing in the form of 
" lady tripping the light-fantastic toe." 

A. C. Blackman, Green Bay, Wis., is a 
good, plain writer, aud sends several credit- 
able specimens of flourished birds. He 
seems to excel in execution rather than 

J. T. White, North Uxbridge, Mass., 
incloses several specimens of engraved 
and written eirds, composed of birds, 
scrolls and flourishing, which are very 

Jos. Foeller, Jr., Ashland, Pn., forwards 

a vii-y creditable specimen of 1. i 
scrolling, which has been accepted for our 
"Compendium of Art Gems.' 
well-written copy slips. 

J. M. Crawford, penman at Union Busi- 
ness College, West Unity, Ohio, sends a 
package containing a variety of copy --lips 
written in a rapid, easy, and excellent 
style; also some good specimens of flour- 

Edward P. Adams, Medford, Mass., con- 
tributes for "The Compendium of Pen 
Art Gems," a sheet 22x28, containing an 
extensive and tasty variety of splendidly 
executed designs for borders, together 
with some fine lettering, 

W. R. Glen, superintendent of writing 
in the Springfield (111.) Business College, 
and a pupil of P. R. Spencer, jr., sends 
us specimens of his superior skill in 
form of a splendidly flourished eagle 
and elegantly-written letter. 

D. L. Musselman. Qnincy, 111., writes 
an elegant letter, in which he incloses 
specimens of flourishing from three of his 
present pupils in ornnmentnl penmanship. 
The specimens are excellent nud speak 
well for the instructor and pupil. 

W. P. Bedford, Paris, Ky., rends b very 
well-written, graceful letter, inclosing 
some very good specimen <dips ; his move- 
ment is very easy, bis off-hand capitals 
graceful. The small letters lack somewhat 
in uniformity and accuracy of form. 

I. J. Woodworth, penman at the Jack- 
sonville (III.) Business College, writes a 
letter in superior style, in which he in- 
closes some excellent specimens of plum 
writing, and ofT-lmnd flourishing. In ease, 
grace, and accuracy of form they are rare- 
ly excelled. 

John McCarthy, clerk in the War De- 
partment. Washington, D. C, writes an 
excellent hand, and sends a medley com- 
posed of lettering, flourishing, and draw- 
ing, which is qnite skilful in design and 
arrangement, although somewhat overdone 
by superfluous finish. 

I. C. Mulkins, of the Cresent City Com- 
mercial College. Huntington, Ind., has 
forwarded to us a very complicated and 
artistic design, which lie calls "Home, 
Sweet Home." It consists chiefly of off- 
hand flourishing. It is well executed, and 
is a very attractive piece of work. 

M. Herold, who has for many years oc- 
cupied a conspicuous position, as a skilful 
penman and artist, in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
contributes a specimen of his work, which 
he calls "A Tribute to Shakspere," for 
insertion in our "Compendium of Pen 
Art Gems." It is an exquisite piece of 
work, and reflects great credit upon Prof. 
Herold. The original is 18x22 inches, and 
contains a pen portrait of Shakspere, ill 
the midst of very fine lettering aud flour- 
ishing. As a whole, it is the very embodi- 
ment of skill and taste. 

Packard's Business OoxiiXOB, ) 

805 Broadway, New York, > 
July 21, 1877. ) 
Prof. Ames: 

Your July number is just before 
me. In it I find a letter from W. J. 
Goldsmith, of Cincinnati, giving, as I do 
not doubt, the average feeling of the few 
thousand people iu this country who ought 
to and who must sustain your excellent 
paper if you are to publish it without a 

Mr. Goldsmith says: "The failure of 
Gaskell has to a great extent shaken the 
confidence of many in the matter of pen- 
man's papers," and gives that as a reason 
why many penmen and others still stand 
aloof from you. 

In the first place, I am qnite sure that 
none of Mr. Gask ell's subscribers have any 
occasion to complaiu, for, although he did 
find it expedient to suspend the independ- 
ent issue of his paper, he provided for 
them a fair substitute in which the pecu- 
liar features of his publication are con- 


tim ed under his supervision, and with 
decided spirit and force. Besides, Gas- 
k. II- paper was not a failure in any sense, 
fur, besides being a very creditable expo- 
nent of its specialty, it clearly marked out 
the road in which a well conducted metro- 
politan sheet, like your own, can travel. 
Guskell's paper dignified the penman's 
cidling, and made a decided impression 
wherever it went ; and if any poor scrib- 
bier really felt bad for the constructive 
lOBS <>f that fractional part of a dollar, the 
poor scribbler is to be pitied. 

Now, how about The Penman's Journal ? 
You have shown the disposition as well as 
the ability and taste to give us a class 
paper for one < a year, which in point 
of artistic appearance and general adapta- 
tion to its work, is not excelled by any 
publication in the country. In order to 
do this you must first devote a large share 
oi your valuable time (which it would take 
a good many dollars to measure), and 
next take upon your shoulders a financial 
responsibility, that very few know how to 
estimate. You do this in order that we 
who liouor and respect the teacher's work 
may have a medium of expression, of con- 
sultation and suggestion which not only 
lightens our labors, but brings the world 
to respect it and us. 

In return for this invaluable favor you 
ask us to payyou one dollar a year, and we 
shrewdly turn to you and say, what guar- 
auty can you give that your paper will be 
published a year? How are we to know 
that we are not running a hazard to the 
extent o' twenty-five cuts ? 

1 said at the outset that Mr. Goldsmith 
had given expression to the " average feel- 
ing " of those to whom you must look for 
your support. I shall be sorry to know 
that this is a fact, foi it will be a shame 
of shames if the penmen of this country, 
and those interested in practical education, 
ever let you languish for lack of a generous 
support. Fraternally youru, 

S. S. Packard. 

Office of Business College, ) 
Green Bay, Wis., July 27, 1877. f 
Pro/. D. T. Amee : 

Deae Sib : Iuclosed fiud S4 for sub- 
Bcriptions to the Journal. I find it nearly 
impossible to get my pupils to subscribe 
for a penman's paper, because of the col- 
lapse of every such paper heretofore. 

I have been both pleased aud profited 
h\ the perusal of the Journal, and hope 
ymi may prosper. 

I have learned more from the few num- 
bers of the Journal received than from 
all the penmen's papers ever published. 

It has often been a matter of regret to 
me, that the members of our profession 
an bo exceedingly jealous of each other. 
Each seaming anxious to get all he can of 
iii.Uj.uIs mid skill, and tryng to keep all he 
gets locked in his own bosom. I wrote a 
communication to the Western Penman a 
few years since, deprecating this state of 
things, and calling upon penmen to aban- 
don Buoh a course and let their light shine. 
I am glad to see that penmen, through the 
■Ti.iKWL, are letting their light shine, 
greatly to the pleasure and profit of many 
of their less fortunate craftsmen, as well 
as to the advancement of the beautiful 
art. Yours fraternally, 

A. C. Blackman. 

That many should have been skeptical, 
and should have hesitated at the outset to 
subscribe for the Journal was only natu- 
ral and proper, in full accordance with 
our expectation. No new enterprise, how- 
ever laudable, can at once command the 
full confidence and support of the pubhe. 
It has first to make manifest the utility of 
its design, and a purpose and ability for its 
accomplishment. All innovations, wheth- 
er iu reform, invention, or discovery, 
have had to fight their way, often against 
determined opposition, to public favor, 

Of the urgent need and demand for a 

penman's taper there was no question. The 
only thing necessary to secure confidence 
and liberal subscriptions was a satisfactory 
guaranty as to purpose and ability to 
publish aud continue to publish such a 

If earnest and numerous expressions of 
commendation, accompanied with liberal 
subscriptions, are to be received as evi- 
dence, the publishers of the Journal have 
proved their purpose and ability to pub- 
lish, to the satisfaction of their patrous, a 

But, says one, " It is very excellent thus 
far, but it may fail as others have done." 
We agree, so it rmiy ; we know of nothing 
human that may not fail, but we are cer- 
tain that at present few things 


General Grant says, " Letters have 

A sentence of forgiveness in five letters — 

Mr. "Wright, the wheelwright, has a 
right to write the rite of the church. 

Put down facts in black aud white, for 
if you use red ink they may seem inbred- 

An English dinl painter traced with a 
brush the Lord's prayer ou a surface of 
one-eighth inch by one-ninth. 

Timothy Titcomb relates that a Dr. 
Scott of Buffalo, at the age of 71, wrote on 

Masers do Latude, whose remarkable 
escapes from the Castle of Vincennes abont 
the middle of tlie eighteenth ccntun have 
since that time been frequently recounted, 
while in prison with miserable food and 
rotten straw forbeddiug, and everything 
conspiring to make him tired of the world, 
with fish bones for pens and his blood for 
ink wrote for his king (Li XV ) a treat- 
ise on an improved postal arrangement 
and another on military attacks, and their 
suggestions were adopted by his goveru- 

Dnring the Crusade or Holy War of Hie 
latter part of the eleventh century, as but 
few were able to rem! or write, whenever 
persona' signatures were required to auy 

promising of continued success than The 
Penman's Art Journal. 

We were led to undertake the publica- 
tion of the Journal largely from the love 
of the cause, having small anticipations of 
financial advantage, but great probability 
of loss, certainly at the beginning. 

At the outset we carefully counted the 
cost, and concluded that we could and 
would continue its publication for at least 
one year, if necessary, without the aid of 
subscriptions, It would have been a great 
loss, but we were prepared and resolved 
to sustain it, but, to our surprise and satis- 
faction, subscriptions received have more 
than covered the entire expense of publi- 
cation from the very beginning, and now 
ao the doubters and tardy ones are becom- 
ing convinced of its success, and coming 
earnestly to its support, apprehension of 
possible loss gives place to a well-grounded 
hope of receiving not only its full cost, but 
a reasonable compensation for the great 
amount of valuable time required for its 
publication. These facts constitute the 
strongest pledge we can give for the future 
success of the Journal, since they furnish 
a motive, at the same time they indicate 
the means for its continuance. 

Aod as its editors will gain increased 
light and strength from experience, its 
patrons may reasonably hope for great im- 
provement iu the future, and the best pen- 
man's paper ever published. 

"Onward and upward," is the motto. 

Malta, Ohio, August 8, 1877. 
Prof. D. T. Ames. 

Dear Sir— Inclosed please fiud a money 
order for 816.50, for which mail the Jour- 
nal to the persons named in the inclosed 
list, and to me send a copy of the " Gems," 
which you promise to do for ten names aud 
$10. After completing my club of ten, I 
secured six others. I assure you I shall 
do all I can for the Journal ; several of 
my pupils say that they are going to get 
subscribers enough to get the "Gems." 
Yours truly, 

C. L. Rickets. 

The above is a fair specimen of a multi- 
tude of letters being received by each mail 
from all parte of the United States and 
Cauada, and some even from England, aud 
which indicates the high degree of favor 
and support, which is everywhere given to 
the Journal. 

a piece of enameled card the 
silver three-cent piece as much as to write 
the Lord's prayer ten times, and every 
letter bore rigid microscopic examination. 

Must not tie untt.T) rijjbt or wright, 
But wrtto, for ho 'tis written right. 

In Tapper's "Proverbial Philosophy" 
we find the following : " The pen glowing 
with love, or dipped black iu hate, or 
tipped with delicate courtesies, or harshly 
edged with censure, hatli quickened more 
good than the sun, more evil than the 
sword, more joy than woman's smiles, 
more woe than frowning fortune." 

Giotto, when requested to furnish a de- 
sign for some ornamentation to St. Peter's 
church at Rome, with one dash produced a 
perfect circle, and sent that as his design, 
trustiug that when shown it would be ac- 
cepted as evidence of superior skill and 
capability for accomplishing anything he 
might undertake ; nor did he judge amiss, 
as he was selected from a host of others 
f.uthe work. 

The Princess Augusta once asked Lord 
Walsingham for a "frank." He acceded 
to her request, but in such confused char- 
acters that, at the eud of a mouth, after 
wandering over half of England, it was 
opened aud returned to her as illegible. 
The princess complained to his lordship, 
who then wrote the frank for her so legi- 
bly that at the end of a couple of days it 
was returned to her marked "Forgery." 

More than two thousand years ago 
Appelles having called at the studio of 
Protogenes who happened to be absent, 
and, when about to depart, being re- 
quested to leave his name, drew upon a 
panel a straight line, simply saying, *' His." 
When Protogenes returned he immedi- 
ately cried out, " Appelles has been herf," 
he then drew a line beside that of Ap- 
pelles. Afterwards Appelles drew another 
line— simply a straight line, finer and more 
perfect than before, arid that line, pre- 
served in the imperial palace on the Pala- 
tine and burned in the time of Augustus, 
will forever render immortal the name of 

document it was customary for one who 
could write to sigu all mimes, and the per 
sons whose names were thus atlixed would 
with a dagger make an incision in their 
arm, and with the same instrument, dipped 
in the blood from the wound, make the 
sign of the cross. This is the origin of the 
custom of making cross mark now happily 
confined to a few. 

Again we are obliged to apologize to 
contributors whose articles are omitted 
from the present number of the Journal. 
Many original articles, some excellent 
ones, are necessarily crowded out. We 
hope to give them a place in our next 
or subsequent issues. 

Over Fifteen Thousand Journals. 
Of the present number of the Journal 
we shall print and mail over fifteen thou- 
sand copies, which will undoubtedly bo 
the largest number ever printed, at one 
edition, of any similar publication. They 
will be mailed almost exclusively to 
teachers, school officers and proprietors of 
institutions of learning. These facts will 
render the Journal a very profitable 
means for advertising. 

A Happy Expedient. 
Prof. Packard in his college catalogue 
and announcement for 1877-78, antici- 
pates and answers not exactly a " thou- 
sand and one." but sixty questions usually 
askel by applicants for information and 
answered by managers of school*. Thin is 
a novel but very effective and convenient 

method of conveying the exact informa- 
tion required by all persons desiring to 
patronize such an institution. 

Pay Postage. 
All parties sending specimens of pen 
work of any kind to the Art Journal must 
prepay postage at letter rates. When not 
so paid we are obliged to pay double letter 
rates on its receipt. We shall in future 
decline to receive specimens not prepaid 
at full letter rates. 

Will person* addressing any advertiser 
in the Journal please state where they 
■a -v the advertisement. 


Lines on Penmanship. 

i ■ 

Olvra Prl«nd<ihlp'« uffrrin«» tlrel*** wing*., 

llurn o'er oor path In beacon flame. 

: it. Ix-etna 

Aii.l lr-i land ofdonbl uddnuw, 

I>*1- initb »nd Mdmet pure »ud free. 

A Rare and Special Premium. 
Wo shall oontinne to mdiI ft copy of the 
John i' Williams master-piece, which was 
fully ,1, soribed En onr May issue, to each 
abaoriber, until further notice. It 
reoeivos the most fluttering praise from all 
who have «ecn it 

x. 8. Packard.—! am sure 
thai whoever poneuea thla fine work cau 
bonestl; claim to have the most perfect 
mi.] elaborate specimen of off-hand flour- 
Eihing yel produced. 

0) B. F. KtUey aaye it is a model 
in ill puppets to be imitated, but not ex- 

Prqfmor J. II. Lansby.—I am aston- 
ished thai even Williams could have pro- 

dnoed anything bo near perfection. 

Th- Oollege mi-Tale.— It la the finest 
piece ol lettering and flourishing that Mr. 

William* ever did, and is considered by 
penmen no wholly unexcelled. The re- 
prodnotion is Che finest specimen of photo- 
lithography wo have ever seen. 
C // WHMm, Manchester, N. II. 

" 1 am delighted with it." 
II. K. tlnsMter, Sterling, IU. 

"1 um highly pleased with it; it should 
be in the hands of every lover of pen art." 
//.,,/.„,■■.' Hagasine, Wilmington, Del 

■■ 1 1 ik ,i most beautiful specimen of pen- 
manship) delightful to behold.'* 
C R Carrier, VandaUa, Mich. 

" It is a wonder to all." 



I>i'i'ii mldril. HmKilic n bunk ni 3 r i(> pri^ 

del aitoUuMsnhudtslDgFarmj 

1 i" ' V.-i-i>Hiil*, M.tnuin. Hiring. Strnisibmt 

rotdtBR, OommlH fend Banking, Honlvel 

OSptgi rwpectlvoly. Retail prio», $a.w. 
Uoa, * J 10. temple bo.>k fur eiamlnatton, b; 
ill. I1.SS. AddrOM, 

M. 1 

Stimpson's U. S. Treasury Gold Pens, 

."ih Qotd Pi 'i- ■ 

o\«S' * 4 

6. '-36(J/0t&o&of-C(?&<2 

<4^/fc6tr^>M^j2J'/<56?d t ';C fZ 

lu the above cut we give the capitals 
and small letters of the ladies' hand. The 
most marked distinction between this and 
the standard hand, as given in the July 
number of the Journal, consists in the 
capitals, of a transposition of the shade, 
imparting to them a more light and deli- 
cate appearance. In the small letters the 
loops are extended through four spaces, or 
to four time* the bight of the contracted 
letters, and are written on a smaller scale 
than the standard hand. 

We give this as one of our series of 
alphabets, thereby distinguishing between 
a gentleman's and lady's hand, in accord- 
ance with the prevailing practice of 

authors of copy-hooks, rather than from our 
own sense of its propriety or practicability, 
as a rule either in practice or in teaching. 
No such distinction should be attempted 
by teachers giving a limited number of 
lessons to miscellaneous .'bi.s-ses, nor in pub- 
lie schools ; it is all and even more than 
the average pupil can do to learn to write 
one style well. As forms are multiplied 
the mind becomes confused and distracted, 
the amount of practice that can be given 
to each letter is greatly diminished, and 
consequently they are m:de with propor- 
tionately less skill and facility. 

This sexual distinction in writing, if at 
all desirable or proper, is so simply as an 

"cconiplishmeut, and should be taught 
only in the higher grades of schools for 
young ladies, and then to such ladies as 
intend to make a practical use of their 
writing either as clerks, copyists, ac- 
countants or even as teachers in public 
schools, the standard hand will be found 

to be always more acceptable, 
indispensable to their employer 

The remarks 
the standard hand in the last i 
Journal, regarding methods c 
applies equally to the Indies 
will therefore refrain from rnoi 
ts in this 

nd often 

ityle; we 


Are they Written by the Same Hand. 

We herewith give two specimen signatures, copied from the Rutland- (Yfc.) Herald, 
published last April, which are said to be fac similes of those introduced, as evidence, 
in Court, during the trial at Rutland of John P. Phair, for murder and robbery, of 
which he was convicted, and sentenced to be hanged in April last, but was respited 
by the governor only a few hours previous to the time set for execution. 

From the person murdered were taken several articles of value, including a ring, 
which soon afterwards were found in a pawn shop in Boston. 

From a description given, of the person who pawned them, by the keeper of the 
shop, Phair was arrested; he was also recognized as the man who on the same day 
the articles were pawned, registered his name at the Adams House, Boston, as follows: 


Tin 1 two signatures, being introduced in Court were declared by experts to be both 
written by the same baud, which was one of the strong points tor the securing of bis 

Wo have copied the signatures in fac simile from copies published in the Rut- 
land /7. .,i/,/.. how true they are to the originals we cannot say, bit taking it for granted 
that they are correct, there can be little doubt that one han.l wrote them both. 
There are certain marked and peculiar characteristics, that cannot be easily mistaken. 
and points of resemblance that could hardly have occurred from accident if written by 
two persons. 

Such for instance as the full round turns in the loops and connecting lines. In the 
capitals * - and A the types of the letters are peculiarly the same in general appear- 
ance and detail ; also the s in Albans have the same and peculiar ending. We might 
point out several other close resemblances were it important. 

It is expected that there will be a new trial on the strength of new evidence of the 
prisoner's innocence, if so. the question regarding the sameness of the writing .vill be 
again considered, the result of which experts on baud writing will watch i 

derable interest. 


o correspond with Propri 
Addrees E. M. HILNTZIN 

rutujvillc, Pn. I 4-13t 

n-itiinj. The only Bank-ttlm at 

(Office of D. T. Laos, Artist Pannuq), 



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[Dr. ./. O. l 

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Webster's National Pictorial Dictionary. 

s ■ y 



Hon. Tfirmtat G. Bramlerir, t 


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It Contains Twelve Books progressively, 
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The most Practical and Complete Series of Book-keeping Text 
Books ever published. 


For primary inatruction in Common, and all other Schools. Plain, practical and business- 
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J. C. BRYANT, M. D., President of the Bryant & Stratton Business College, 



lam tiring your Book-keeping in my Academy with perfect 
other work* on this subject tend to purples and bewilder, this one elucidates, ^rpiaint nod eonjirmi It - 11 ■■ 
beet work I have ever seen,— H. C. Williams, Boys' Academy, Buffalo. A' }' I believe your I" oka the 

best adapted to use in fchoole of any now bef.ire the public— T. J. Barton. Suptrint.>,,iri<r oj .-■',. 
Ashland, 0. We never had a book thai gave as good satisfaction. Wo moat heartily commend It,— J. it 
Martin & Hro., Butinut College, Galesburg, IU I Und your book* comprehensive, practical, and to give 

good *at Iff action.— J. E.SouU, Business College, Philadelphia. We regard it superior to any wurk l.efoie 

the public and have adopted it in our College— Blanchard A Soble, liusiuets Coltegs, Mdrfhatttoan, la. 
I do not hesitate to apeak of it in terms of the highest praise. —//. C lit Matte. l~iii<>rii'y, Btoomington, III. 
With your book the student not only progresses mow rapidly, but obtain? a clearer and more comprehensive 
knowledge of accounts than from any other we have uaed— J. D. Odtll, SuHneet College, Toronto. I have 

adopted your book In my school and shall use it altogether.— -A Simmons, Business College, Indianapolis lnd. 
I have examined your work ou Book-keeping and shall adopt it 1 
French, Maker University Kansas. 1 have been using your v 

that I a 

Cnivfritity, St. Ixml*. Wea 

BuHn*t$ college, BeantvUlt, bit 
I k r I > pleased with (lie Manufact 
Rosa Vol. It la certainly best 

with it tha 

,1 Willi III.' 

an.) Muileri 

I CoUeg 

LTHllflll t 

Ight, Pad 

: with which I am acquainted, n B 
vork the more we admire it, und 1 am constantly 
ill. Yon have cerininly minlt* your murk liiuhcr than any other 
work fresh from the counting-room, instead of rehashed theo- 
Cotlege, Potturille, Pa I have examined many work- on 

it classes as well as yours. I shall be pleased ti 
-B. F. Martin Normal School, Galer.n. IU. 
of ihi' aiiilinr baa attained in his treatment of the scieuce o 
i-impliui'd the H. i, hi .. ii- to untitle him to the gratitud. "f ■!- ..f t. 

,■■ Manchetter, N. II. The vara 

ink.- u blgb, if not the first, rank— .Wu? York Daily Graphic. I hi 

t Mr Bryant 1 

..'.'... - IV II ' ■'>. easier of the Ofrman Bank, B-Jlalo, A. Y. 1 i,a>e uxdiiinied your .M.hI.tii 

l> ■ ■'. <•■ < | ■._■ 'i; '1 mil grutified to know that so excellent a work bos been prepared. The arniii-"uipiit 
".k-, und the priiilieul Forms could scarcely be improved. The trau-arlions accuralely ilhii-lrnle the 
v ;ii cnrrii'd mi liy I lie li;mk> in this city ill their dull} routine oi l.nsuie--- l"..r pnu-ticnl iriMrmtimi ti. 
; men I consider it in every respect desirable.— G B. kick, Vive President Bank of Attica. Buffalo, N. Y. 
r . xjuinn.'l mi iidviiiiet- ropy of your Modern Bankltig, I Und the show of transactions minutely coincident 
aday'o work in actual Banking. The record of entries L- correct. The explaiiutii.nn, couple uml c.nnplric, 
ni. ■ to the workawel] fuitllled mission.— It. P.Lte,A*sM<tnt Cathler First National Bank, llujtato.X Y. 
-.iir w.-rk .in in so f:ir as it lui- ref.reiicu to forms adapieii to Banking. I llilnk 
ii. iv. ■!! iiii:iji(i'il to their purpose, and -how tran-^v Hon.- ..•. lli.y would occur und en trie- a- tliey would be 

ml ireuii-. - on (hi- most practical of Mihjeits. They will be found well suited for cla-s instruction in 

- or lin -in.--- , imIil.-.-.. wmle they arc lucid and complete enough for study at home, without the mil of 

-inictor — •' Thr Indeptmltiit." Xric York. Mr Bryant's long experience as a teacher of (in 

...inii- ha- eii:itik.l I. on lo complete a work of the highcsl value These book* make a BCries at Ulorough 

oinj.lcte treati-e-, written with clearness, und i II u-t ruled with practien] u.coiihi k.-.f-nn.' We r.uli nd 

to all young men .1. -iron- of acquiring a practical knowledge of the useful and indeed indispensable art 

ok keeping.- Scientific American. As a text hook for School-, At.i.h- - uml i oil.-j.- u • 

oenporlot Otneva Timu. Wemosl lendBryent'a 


inplished profeeac 

i ./■'Uitial. 

ntq ■ 

s well know i 

f the !■■ ii: 

or. u. .ii lirunches of his 

tiuffito JTornlna Cot 



ButTalo, N. Y. 

». T. AMES, Editor run] Proprietor, 
20j Brondnny. 


VOL. I. NO. 7. 

Writing as a Sign of Character. 

One of the most beautiful anomalies iu 
nature is, the varied way by which she ex- 
presses her secret truths. Some of her 
utterances we have been gifted with facul- 
ties to meet and appropriate, while others, 
we cauuot but feel, are infinitely absent 
from our souls, though invisibly iuipartiug 
to them aspirations and powers, as lofty as 
they are inexplicable. The Mother of 
Life has her stem and tender symbols— 
her rod and her vine, her frown and her 
smile— as truly as the wisest mortal parent; 
but the labyrinth of her government is so 
devious, the woof of her law so complex, 
that judgment is often lost in wonder, and 
the magic of the symbol obscures the 
beauty of its deeper lesson, I might go 
ou indefinitely to explain and illustrate 
this deepest mysticism of physical science, 
if my subject did not call me a step high- 
er: as it is, the course of thought which I 
shall endeavor to pursue may explain the 
allusion with which I have been led to 
preface it. 

Nature and man are subject to many 
synonymous laws. The same influences 
which sway the spheres and cause the buds 
to open into flowers are those which move 
and actuate human life. Now, the devel- 
opment of character in and the devel- 
opment of character in material growth of 
any kind is wonderfully similar. We look 
upon nature's children as insensate and 
blind, subject to fixed instincts, and un- 
conscious of what we call impulse, while, 
in reality, their progress is uniform with 
our own— subject to, and free from, the 
same restrictions. What, then, do we 
see of character in the growth of a flower? 
First, intuition; second, recognition; third, 
knowledge; fourth, power; fifth, complete- 
ness. Under just such acquisitions does 
the human mind reach its fruitage. But 
the deeper truth which I wished to draw 
forth by the analogy, we must go back of 
the mere expression of character to fiud; 
it is this, viz. ; all development is second- 
ary to some previous revolution wiihin the 
man. You aay, the plant has blossomed : 
I say, the prisoned sunbeam is free again ! 
You say, this man is in the noblest image 
of his race : I say, God and truth are be- 
hind this outward perfectness. And each 
of us would be right. An echo, so much 
of it as we hear, is the exact reproduction 
of some original sound. You stand at 
that angle where only the reflection of the 
displaced air-waves can reach your ear ; 
I stand where both voice and echo are 
distinct and separate. Now, you have 
heard truly, aud I have heard truly. But 
there was something behind the- echo, of formed only a reproduction. If 
then, you pronounce the words which 
reached you, and to them I add some con- 
sistent preface, we have a completeness to 
which we can give mutual assent So it 
is that all qualities of heart and hand, in 
man, however humble, are to be valued, 
not so mnch for their intrinsic worth as 
for that inward beauty and progress whose 
advent they herald. In themselves they 

may be insignificant, or even incomplete ; 
but, when prefaced with the spirit and the 
intent, they become noble and full of 

We see, therefore, that character is not 
conservation. A man may be just as no- 
ble and true whether he wields the scep- 
ter or the pen. "Virtue and manliness are 
qualities which flourish in the humblest 
life as well as the most exalted. From 
this course of reasoning it is evident that 
manual labor of any kind is as properly 
an expression of character, which is from 
within a man, as the highest intellectual 
employments i indeed, there is an abstrac- 
tion in the latter, a separateness and 
idealty which renders them peeuliaily un- 
fit for the expression of practical eharaater. 
A man may be a saint at the desk and a 
sinner in the world. Now, labor of the 
hands not only brings one in contact with 
real trials and difficulties, real tests and 
triumphs, but also into the closest sympa- 
thy and relation with his fellow-workers. 
The student of the world, if he be plie, 
is notoriously strouger in practical moral 
ethics than the student of the schools !. So 
the laborers in the vineyard arc r< [■!-■ ,M 
ed as being saved, though at the last mo- 
ment, while those who spend their time in 
idle waiting are in danger of eternal de- 

I have approached my subject thus indi- 
rectly, because I knew the greatest obsta- 
cle in my way was the aristocratic scepti- 
cism of a certain class of readers and 
writers, who pretend to see no high moral 
attributes except in those occupations 
which employ the loftier faculties of man. 
They forget that in the great Book of 
Life, the page whereon an humble hedger 
and ditcher has inscribed the lessons of 
his life is as pure and sweet to angel eyes 
as that which proclaims the toils aud 
triumphs of a Saul among saints ! But I 
trust that I have so far disturbed this 
prejudice as to be able to devote a few 
concluding words, without misconstruc- 
tion, to my subject proper — Writing as a 
higu of character. And, in the first place, 
let me say that by the word "writing" I 
mean penmanship ouly — not literary or 
social composition. We all know that 
there is an infinite variety in the style 
which constitutes ordinary " handwriting " 
— discrepancies often so striking as to 
make us couscious of a certain wonder- 
ment how men of such inimical symbols 
can ever unite in upholding, or condemn- 
ing, that which they represent I Now, I 
believe, that there is just the same mean- 
ing in this disparity of detail as in the 
million diversities of natural and physi- 
cal life. It is a very small difference in 
shape or coloring, of leaf or flower, which 
distinguishes plant from plant. There is, 
as you will acknowledge, a general resem- 
blance in all forms of vegetable growth ; 
the main distinction lies not in the out- 
ward appearance, but in that inward pe- 
culiarity of tissue aud chemical appropria- 
tion which, while not fully expressed in 
outward form, is yet so far indicated 
thereby as to enable the casual student to 
judge intelligently of hidden properties 

and more distinct characteristics. So there 
is a general resemblance in the various 
styles of writing which penmen naturally 
acquire, and it needs but a slight differ- 
ence in slant or letter-shaping to indicate 
a mate-rial difference in thought and habit 
Though not an expert, I have often amused 
aud interested myself by studying the 
characters of my correspondents through 
their peculiar styles of penmanship. Even 
those with whom I am personally acquaint- 
ed do not escope the relations which an 
occasional letter makes. Now and then 
an entirely new quality suggests itself to 
me, as I con the familiar writing of a 
friend. Yon, no doubt, have sometimes 
noticed the same thing. Yesterday I re- 
ceived a note from a former acquaintance, 
now engaged upon the editorial staff of a 
prominent Western journal. The first 
sheet of manuscript was fair to see — a 
man's hand, just falter- 
gest to me my friend's 
But, as I turned to the 
ye was conscious of a 
nsnre in scanning the 
I stopped, un- 
iuutely examln- 

bold and beautiful 
ing enough to suggest 
native modesty ! But, 
second leaf, my eye w 
diminution of pleasnre 
fleet symbols. By and 
consciously, and fell to 
ing the tell-tale letters before me. These 
three things I noticed : 1. The writing 
had grown more cramped aud irregular. 
2. The lines ran at random over the un- 
ruled page. 3. The looped letters were 
occasionally formed of a single stroke. 
When I had made these, discoveries, L 
■uddenly became conscious of a new esti- 
mate of my friend's character — something 
altogether involuntary, but none the less 
convincing. I saw that he was vacillating 
before some great life-issue — something 
that abstracted his mind, while it did uot 
altogether prevent the normal action of 
his mental faculties. What made the 
case more subtle was the entire clearness 
of the mental argument. No flaw oc- 
curred in the course of thought, no break 
in the elegant diction. I spent an hour in 
unraveling that philanthropic puzzle ■ and 
to-day I dare to tell you, though no further 
word has reached me, that that man is in 
danger. Perhaps this kind of character 
reading is mere charlatanry, but intuition 
to the key of knowledge, and many who 
stand waiting at uuopened gates might 
now be treading the wide halls of truth, if 
this same conservatism, which has always 
clogged the wheels of progress, had not 
restrained them. Of one thing I am con- 
No man ever acquired the power of 
perfcuiing any manual act without im- 
parting to it his own personality. And if 
life impresses itself upon action, why may 
uot action serve as an index of life ? In- 
deed, all reason is inverse, just as all natu- 
ral discovery is made by pursuing nega- 
tive indications to positive facts ; so that 
we may safely assert, without contradic- 
tion from ourselves, at least, that penman- 
ship is not one whit behind the loftiest 
pursuits of knowledge in moral scope, 
and that penmen may stand with the 
noblest of earth, iu all that is pure and 
dignified and consistent with true manli- 
ness of character. 

Spencerian Penmanship. 

This subject has been so frequently and 
effectually discussed by eminent penmen, 
that it seems probable that the subject should 
have beeu long since exhausted and noth- 
ing left for a common scribbler to offer. 
But I find it as boundless and inexhaust- 
ible as the works of Nature ; as fully inter- 
esting and extensive ; unfolding its mysteries 
and beauties, iu proportion to the research 
made by its devotees. Its origin is so 
wrapped in mystery and of so Utile concern 
to the learner, that I will leave that part 
of the subject to those who would 

• ' Pluck bright houor from tie pale-faced moon 

Writing, before the time of P. R. Speu- 
cer, had not been reduced to a science, 
therefore could uot be successfully taught- 
Being a close observer of things in gen- 
eral, an ardent lover of the beautiful, 
possessing rare genius and sparkling orig- 
inality. Mr. Spencer took upon himself 
the task of revising the systems of pen 
manship then iu use, which consisted of 
the Roman or round, and German or 
angular hand. He saw in nature, beauti- 
ful forms, graceful curves, and symmetrical 
proportions, and became inspired with the 
grand idea of producing a system of pen- 
manship, that for beauty and symmetry, 
might rival the charms of nature. This he 
accomplished by blending the aforesaid 
systems into one, which after making nu* 
merous changes and additions, he termed 
the Spencerian or semi-angular system. 
In bringing about these results, it is said 
that he visited counting-houses, banks, Ac, 
to avail himself of the opportunity to study 
the characteristics of different individuals 
chirography, that he might make his own 
contemplated system practical, as well as 
beautiful by admitting of rapid execution. 
After years of experiment, patience and 
toil, he produced a system that is remark- 
ablo for its beauty, variety, symmetry, 
practicability and immutability. I have 
often wondered— in thinking of Mr. Spen- 
cer, of his system, his impecuniosity, the 
time in which he lived, and the disadvan- 
tages under which he labored — how it was 
possible for the originator of any system 
or discoverer of any principle to develope 
to such a degree of perfection, their first 
production, leaving little room for improve- 
ment or criticism. 

There is not a parallel case on record 
where any invention or discovery has been 
brought to such wonderful perfection on its 
first appearance. It is a common saying 
among penmen that "The nearer you ap- 
proach to the Spencerian standard, the near- 
er you get to perfectiou, " The system covers 
the whole ground of theory, and has no 
need of improvement or suggestion. Origi- 
nating the theory of penmanship was not 
Mr. Spencer's greatest achievement; nor 


has it alone been the means of working the 
in jtu,. i 1 1 1 ■ !'iiifnl forma that oonsti 

letter proc i Uj I i ■ I 1 1 1 1 ■■ i i ■ I 

■ | 

red bfm, bat the nearer their 

v. i con idei ad The im 

on of ell system* hove to use bit instructions 

■ ut. it ii apoo movement 1 wish 

man particularly to dwell la this article. 

Persons nj.i . >■ ■■ ■ > printed forms, 

o iccurab ly written copies, yet 

they will prove miserable failures, shonld 

t] ive no Instruct .i. movement 

Header you maj learn the proportions oi 

letters, aud be able to teaoli the forms laid 

down in the Key to perfection ; yet II yon 

■■■'■incut, you 

oannol becoaie an easy, rapid, and skilful 

My motti. is, Bi i tea< b moi smeol . then 
ind lost hovsubni accompanied 
with theory. 

I lorrei i movement can only be learned 
from so experienced and competent teach- 
er; oven th'-ti fail ire often follows tho 
i ell iri , If the pupil becomi a 
oaeily discouraged and has little faith in 
his own (u teacher's ability. The teacher 
ii ordei i" be i uoc< Bfiil must bi ve the 
confidence ol bis pupils ; it i bould be the 
great care of a teacher to keep up the cour- 
age of his pupils. Drilling on exercises, 
the must important feature, soon becomes 
monotonous; and there arises a natural 
desire to go forward to more elaborate 
furniH. It. [s a well known fact among pen- 
men that the oorreot method of holding 
the pen appears to the beginner to be the 
most absurd and unconquerable one that 
oould be devised, Then fore we Bud that 
the very fh>>t lesson is given under very 
unfavorable oiroumstanoes ; there is a lia- 
bility ol ore :■ o 1. 1 ling of distrust id 

the mind of the pupil ogoiuBl the require. 

■ ■■ i!i ■ Mil ■. tern. Having 

ov. room, the abovi difficulties, and the 

itudi hi Lieu bei able to execute with 

the proper [muscular] movement, all the 
exeroi as, then oomesthe worsl of all diffi- 
culties, and one which more than all others, 
tests the courage am! patience of the learner 
M applying the movement to the forma- 
tion -.I letters; especially those which be- 
long to the fifth and sixth group of small 
ml mad. from the extended and 


inverted loop, wbieh requires the combined 
movement to form witu ease and grace 
■Should they at first attempt todo this with 
11111 rti gree "i accuracy, they would invari- 
ibfo di cord .ill knowledge obtained by the 
i" 1 rio i lessons and make their letters 
wholly and unconsciously with their Augers. 
U you Bhow bow it is doue, they will say 
"Oh I you ure a natural penman ; it is nut 
possible for meeverto do thai. ' 

Here is a degree ol advancement^ that 
tests the power and ability ol the teacher. 
The mere fact of possessing the different 
movements will not suffice The subject 
must be presented— througb propel instruc- 
tion and illustration— to the mind of the 

learner, bo that I an comprehend and 

applj Us principles, Imitation will serve 
no lunger The combined movement and 
light touch can no more be imitated than 
a parrot oan imitate and give expression 

The teaohei musl possess the 
golden key that unlocks the u i 
the arm and band, ami which discloses 

"■"■ Isecrel workings. With 

it he bas the power to anolye ■ u I. pai 

H 0Olttl Inn. I :; i H- ftpphoi | i„ i|„ 

formation ol letters, 

Neuih all learners have the I i ol 

pressjag the aid' agaiusl tin table, or throw. 
in^ too much weigh) upon tin arm and 
griping the thumbaud fingers. To obviate 
tui" trouble, and givi an idea of the light 
touoh so essential to fine work, I cause the 
pupil teniae the arm horizontal to, and 
about six inches from the table, with pen 
in position as if writing, aud ask what am* 

els fa brought bo aid in holding the arm in 

that position. The answer is. the one 

■ He i ii. . ii told to re 

m and no! relax the muscle nor 
press the arm upon the fable, and the de- 
sired result Las l.een achieved. In pen- 
bolding I find it very difficult tor pupils, 
i throw out ttie large joint of the 

thumb, next the hand, which is necessary 

for two reasons; first it braces and strength- 
ens the hand, secondly, shortens the thumb 
winch admits of the proper curvature of 
the fingers, which throws the pen in the 
right slant (45°). 

I i i. aching the combined 
Mm great trouble is to conciliate the mus- 
cular and finger mov -nients. The pupil 

one "i H ther; when one goes 

in. ..ih. i itops. To unite and blend these 
forces, 1 usually make the m, n, u, Arc. 
combined with the extended letters, three 
spaces bigh, and require the up or connect- 
ing Strokes to be made by sliding the 
proper fingers on the paper, which if per- 
sisted in will liririg the desired result. In 
trying to contract the muscle ia making the 
down stroke, the pupil is apt to draw the 
arm to the toft, which ran lie discovered by 
the diluted appearance of the inverted 
fourth principle. As I have already en- 
croached upon the space of your valuable 
paper, I will close, hoping the hints I ha70 
given may prove beneficial to some of the 

renders of the JOUBNAL. and be the means 

ol causing some eminent penman to treat 
n| the subject which will prove benefi- 
cial to teachers in general. 

Su cess and Failure in Penmanship. 

h has been well said that while educa- 
tion should be wisely conducive to the de- 
vil ipment of all human capabilities ; it 
should likewise have due regard for the 
ling of the pupil in that particular 
□g in which they are expected to en- 
gage. In no other branch of education 
lis more emphatically true than of a 
good handwriting, for lie your trade, pro- 
ssiou or business what it may, good pen- 
anahip will surely be one of the most 
i portaii t acquirements in a lady's or geu- 
nnui'.s education, aud, you may rest as- 
ired, will be duly appreciated aud hon- 
ed by nil educated mid intelligent per- 
ms. How much we admire and love to 
show the well-written letters of profession- 
al penmen, while the almost illegible 
scrawls invariably are tucked away in 
some remote pigeon-hole never to be ex- 
hibited. These are undeniable facts, and 
should stimulate poor penmen to greater 
fforts to acquire an elegant style of 
writing, yet notwithstanding its great im- 
portance both us an aid in business and as 
u accomplishment, it is the most sadly- 
egleoted branch of education. 
It is now twenty years since I com- 
menced teaching writing. During that 
period there lias been it grand revolution 

pon the subject of penmanship. Writing 

S an accomplishment theu was of little 
account, but now everywhere it is admit- 
ted by even our poorest scrawlers that 
good penmanship is a very desirable ac- 

During the five years that I spent as a 
traveling teacher of penmanship the num- 
ber of peculiar incidents that occurred in 

various places would till a good-sized 
volume if written out. It was a matter Oj 

surprise to me to Learn how large a pro- 
portion Df business men, some conspicu- 
ous for their energy and success in busi- 
ness, \m-vc miserable writers, While 
teaching a Very tine class in fhe thriving 

i , in 1865, in Central Illi- 

I ACCOSted by the president of 

the lorgesl bank in the town, who request- 
ed me to step in, as he wanted to have a 
talk with me. Little dreaming what so 
wealthy and dignified a personage could 
want with a poor teacher, I hesitatingly 
followed him into the bank, aud was bland- 
ly informed that he wished to take a 

course of private lessous in writing, and 
after eDJoJDing secrecy, lie informed me 
that he was unable to write anything more 
than his signature. The old adage that "it 
is hard to learn old dogs new tricks" was 
certainly not verified in this cuse, for dur- 
ing the course of six weeks that I re- 
mained there, a more attentive pupil 

than Mr. I never had; he learned to 

write a very good business hand, and to- 
day is one of the first business men in 
Chicago. I have visited him many times 
since in his marble palace in Chicago, and 
I have ever been regarded as a frieud nod 
benefactor from the first acquaintance 
Many years of experience since that time 
has taught me that there is a vast propor- 
iion of our adult population most pro 
foundry ignorant upon the important sub- 
ject of penmanship. It would stagger the 
belief of many if the exact truth was 
given in relation to this subject in some 

Maud Huller— A Fragment. 

And ns on iin upturned lub ilia ut 
In Hie new house, dusty, desolate. 

And beard llie truckman, lui "wttl 

Kigluun. " I'll move again next May." 

For i lii|.| vi-uft'i-a>5 mid shattered gaud I 

|. wlic wnipU'l 
r uii(ji Is may 

Editors Penman's Art Journal: 

iave long admired your truly beauti- 
ful paper, find to gratify a sense of justice, 
isk permission to express a few thoughts 
n it upon the late Penman's Gazette. In 
eading that paper each mouth, I also was 
mabled to read its editor through his 
oniments. What attracted my special 
attention was his treatment of several 
penmen. He rebuked penmen and 
less colleges for speaking well of the 
Speiiceriau system aud getting no pay for it. 
He seemed also to bestow his praises upon 
youug peumeu whose specimens of skill 
vere far from being first-class. Iu speak- 
ug of the late J. D. Williams he hinted 
that Mr, Williams presented others' work 
the copies of the "Gems." He attacked 
R. Dunton, a famous penman, and ridi- 
led Ihe idea of his being a great pen- 
in, when all who are well informed know 
that in his time he was the leading penman 
of the East. He also ridiculed Prcf. 
Cowley's work, and spoke in high praise 
of Mr. Duff, who is not near so good a 
penman as Mr. Cowley. He attached 
Prof. Hinman aud called him the enemy 
of all penmen who did card writing, and 
that his hobby was engrossing. He said 
that Mr. Swank was a tine writer, but his 
flourishing and ornamental work was very 
. Mr. Stewart, of Trenton, he said, 
wrote elegantly, but couldn't flourish, and 
i his opinions were passed upon many 
of the most worthy peumeu in the coun- 

try, with a thrust for every one I know 
that he did great injury to various mem- 
bers of the profession, and my motive in 
writing you is to do justice to those be 
traduced, and speak of penmen as I know 
them. Prof. Packard's letter settled the 
matter of Mr. Williams' copies. Mr, 
Duntou was for many years as great a 
penman in the East as Prof. Spencer in 
the West, and is now too old to rank as a 
penman, but even his age and life of 
usefulness merits respect. Prof. Cowley 
has been for many years a graud pen- 
man, and many of his larger pieces rank 
among the best ever produced in this 
country. He is a gentleman to all; but 
Ins being superior to the Gazette editor was 
a crime that caused the unmerited com- 
ments. Prof. Hinman is a truly generous 
peumiin, and has no hobby, unless it be to 
give others the benefit of his experience, 
a trait not common among penmen. Mr. 
Swank is not only a fine business writer, 
but exhibits great skill and taste iu orna- 
mental penmanship. Withal be is a jolly- 
good fellow, and in no way merits thrusts 
from any source. Mr. Stewart is also a 
superior penman, and a fine teacher. 
The failure of the Gazette has doue great 
injury to the confidence which penmen 
placed in the success of such a publica- 
tion. I believe, however, that the Airr 
Journal is bound to win the favor of all, 
and that when all penmen come fully to 
see that honest and earnest men are doing 
all they can for them, a liberal patronage 
will be the reward. Yours truly, 


"The Grand Old Spencerian." 

Having witnessed with much interest the 
inception, progress and success of the Pen- 
man's Art JouiuvAii, and carefully obser- 
ved ihe apparent desire of the editors to 
treat all things pertaining to penmanship 
in a fair and candid manner, I feel con- 
strained to write a short article by way of 
reply to the sentiments advanced by A. H. 
H., iu contribution intitled "Penmanship, 
Once Practical. Now Beautiful," which ap- 
peared in the last issue of the Journal. 

We recognize, as he does, "that our 
rise and progress iu penmanship, is due to 
the teachings and truth as presented to 
us" by the immortal Piatt R. Spencer, but 
we cannot honestly affirm, that on a care- 
ful and candid comparison of the original 
Spencerian with that system as we find it 
today, that the former is in any way su- 
perior to the modern style of penmanship 
seen in the revised Spencerian copy books. 
Principles, in our estimation, are valuable 
only oa tiny effect the general result, and 
just the moment they become cumbersome 
and prolix, they begin to neutralize the 
good they are accomplishing, and defeat 
the object for which they were intended. 
Hence, it is as plain to us that the fewer 
principles we employ, provided there is a 
sufficient number to scientifically analyze 
all letters, the better it will be for teacher 
and taught. In our estimation the Bpen- 
oerian of the present contains just enough 
principles for this, and is sufficiently ex- 
plicit in regard to the formation of the let- 
ters i and u, as to bring the matter 
down to our limited comprehension. ■ 

But enough ou this point. Iu contrast- 
ing the original or old Spencerian with the 
modem, or new, we admit that, on the 
whole, there is. a freedom, or lack of fin- 
ish, Been in the former that we fail to de- 
tect in the latter. 

The Spencerian authors are, and ever 
have been, progressive, and, realizing that 
ours is a fast age and that we demand 
everything to be severely practical, they 
have, in obedience to the demand of the 
general public, discarded some of the very 
free and beautiful curves aud shades, valu- 
able only as ornaments, seen in the early 
editions of the system aud supplanted them 
with mure clearly cut ami far more pract- 

foal character^M 

Iu answer to this statement I think I 
hear our friend A. H. H. inquire, "Haw 


can you prove that " this was done in 
obedience lo the demands of the general 
pablic ?" 

Wh reply : the sale of any commodity 
is ;l reliable criterion by which to judge. 

Win- article that bus had an extensive, I in, iv s.iy unprecedented sale, is 
gradually superseded by other articles of 
similar character, containing features not 
found iu the former, it is prima facie 
evidence that the features contained in 
the new and not found in the old, are de- 
manded by the public. 

Heuce, iu response to the call, we find 
tlir Spenoerian authors, without any pla- 
giarism, OX borrowing, gradually eschewing 
every superfluous line and curve found in 
their style of letters, thus producing what 
Id us is the most beautiful as well as the 
most practical system of penmanship ever 
published, and what our frieud A. H. H. 
is pleased to term the " City Spener- 

Iu these days when steam and electricity 
are among man's most competent and use- 
fid factors, busiuess men have neither time 
or inclination to flounder through a series 
of flourishes and superfluous appendages 
to form a simple letter. What they 
demand is a etyle of penmanship, 
" plain to the eye and easily combiu- 

" Yes," says our friend, " but what 
business man writes the modern Spen- 
ceiian ? We answer, none. The 
wider has frequently conversed with \ 

business meu on the subject, and it is , 
almost universally remarked that when J 
the boys c<mie from the -school to the i, 
counting-room, they bring with them 
an impractical handwriting, and that, 
after a little practice, it is soon modi- 
tied into an easier and more rapid 
hand. No objection is urged against 
their writing in its developed form. 
They simply claim that when they re- , 

tired from school their penmanship 
was "impracticable." The cause of ^ 
this is apparent to every teacher. Tha 
fault did not lie in the system they 
wrote or the instruction received. 

No, not all. Penmuuship is both a 
science and an art, requiring years 
of intelligent and persistent practice to 
master it. These young men devoting 
only a short time to the art, could not, 
from the very nature of the case, be- 
come adepts, yet they became perfect- 
ly familiar with the various positions, 
movements, and the principles requis- /, 
ite to form the substratum upon which 
to build au "easy and rapid hand." 
What more could be desired ? It is 
well that the system has been reduced 
to its present state of .simplicity and 
perfection. Now the pupil has brought 
before him an ideal form, simple and 
beautiful, and one that will be oi prac- 
tical utility to him after he shall have 
left the school room. 

Many teachers assert that imperfect 

models aie the best for learners — claimiug 
that the imperfections give them courage 
and interest. Knowing the influence that 
Brsl oi early impressions have on the mind 

of ymitli, and realizing tlie importance of 

having a correct ideal before us, if arty 
thing of consequence ia achieved, we re- 
yard tie' idea as absurd. While tu indi- 
vidual cases it might inspire a few ou to a 
low mediocrity in penmanship, by placing 
imperfect copies before them, we believe 
that the greater number who have the 
nerve and pewveranee requisite Im event 

achievement would be materially damaged 
thereby. Thu article has beeu written in 
extreme haste, during moments stolen from 
business, and at times when we were sub- 
ject to momentary interruption, hence onr 
ideas :ue net always expressed jll>t ilS they 
would have been had we more time at our 
disposal. No animosity is cherished against 
any author, system or teacher, our only aim 
being to record our honest convictions. 
J. D. E. 

Dear Readers: With a desire to keep 
alive a medium for exchange of thought 
among penmen, I began publishing the 
1 enmah's Art Journal in March last. 
With no hope of pecuniary gain, but know- 
ing the pleasure which penmen experi- 
ence upon meeting such a monthly visitor, 
I determined to provide that pleasure, even 
though for a time I should bear the ex- 
pense. From the start there came to my 
support the subscriptions of mauy friends, 
and the encouragement offered strength- 
ened my determination to give the profes- 
sion the best paper in my power. Know- 
ing the mauy advantages for illustrating 
and publishing a paper iu New York, and 
knowing the generous spirit towards the 
profession which exists in Mr. Ames, we 
united for strength, and have endeavored 
to provide as good a paper as was possible, 
considering subscriptions received. That 
there might be but one head, and that one 
where the paper was published I disposed 
of my pecuniary interest to Mr. Ames, 
since which time I have acted as asso- 
ciate editor. In severing my control of 
the paper, I at once lost a large and 
pleasurable correspondence which flows to 

with the paper as associate editor is merely 
to place himself upou the same footing 
as other correspondents. The idea is his 
owu and the result is accepted with the 
utmost feeling of good will ou the part of 
both. We hope to preseot in the next 
number a very interesting article from his 

Judge Key, postmaster- general of the 
United States, in the course of remarks 
recently made to the young ladies of the 
female high school of Louisville, Ky„ 

I am postmaster-general of this conn- 
try, and have charge of the letters the la- 
dies write, and I simply wish to state to 
you that the better, the nicer, the plainer 
hand in which letters are backed, the more 
certainly they reach their point of desti- 
nation [laughter] ; hence, when you waut 
to address a letter you will find this is one 
of the most important branches of educa- 
tion. [Applause.] 

Postmaster-general Key is right, but the 
young ladies do not need to take the good 
advice all to themselves ; judging from 
some of our correspondence it needs lo be 
divided with their male friends, 

.Org) rj ■& 

Professor B. F. Ktllev snja it is a model 
in all res]iei't.s tu be imitated, but not ex.- 

Professor J. H. LonMey.— I am aston- 
ished that even Williams could have pro- 
duced anything so near perfection. 

The CoUege Tdl-Tah.—U is the finest 
piece ct lettering and flourishing that Mr. 
Williams eiex did. and is considered by 
penmen us wholly unexcelled. The re- 
production is the finest specimen of photo- 
lithography we have ever seen. 
C. H. WiOxns, Manchester, N. H. 

"I am delighted with it," 
H. K. BoeteUer, Sterling, IU. 

"lam highly pleased with it ; it should 
be iu the hands of every lover of penart." 
Bariums' magazine, Wilmington, Del. 

" It is a most beautiful specimen of pen- 
manship, delightful to behold;' 
C. E. Carrier, Vandalia, Mich. 

" It is a wonder to all." 

A Change of Diet 

After so long a diet on fowl we have 

thought it well to treat our readers to a 

n the present num- 

lp a fine specimen 

our choice, fish o- 

of a fish. 



AMBBiam INSTITUTE Fair, now in 

ssionat Sixty-thud street and Third 

presents the best exhibition 

\***^^*^* rr ~* < \''?\Si) >t/^- r ~'l "' vN( / f ) " l " l5iv " rm: » 1 ''' Many of thegTMl, 

■i^U'^^'^tLS^r 7 ^^^". ^ —r~ '-VV'-l lul "K» seen lust year at the Ohlfinnii 

;»f JlUJ^l?^^ "^ i/ % vl*V ll '- m 1 V ". C\ '- '• ■ ) "''' M0W ou "lii'.itiou there. Our ow 

**3> > ~~~ ._ , '..^ <5$£_^'-' jjiP. .jSilV.t.-SV .^Jy " la'utenuial Picture of Proeress," i 



sUd/fvA/eM I.J. ft^lit'lc?i;{i/^ib//>?za4//>?tr£>c/;a/zdM~tftfi^ 

,J?'s// '/ii;z,77u)ilLc'/crlti/cite£zl{&i4J£e,ci ,V/.-.'///' -'. ■ 1 1 ?L,:;z<JJ/rL ~£s 
>tr . ti _//J , . .tin ^ 

, t . '<!cA : 

i>f'i ' ft/;,(,ii.kujCiv~ / ai.C/ / vtt'is,U.a.c{c4<l/c), 

I ty/ciucljct'ft&itcli&t 


connection with a great variety of other 
apen work of our own and from Pack 
rd's College, may be seen in the art 

Penmen preparing a specimen letter, 
in accordance with our invitation given 
elsewhere, should use a large letter 
sheet, and write iu a large, clear, bold 
hand, ubing a medium or course point- 
ed peu and jet black iuk, India ink is 
the best, and when written retouch 
any light or broken lines. If the 
above directions are complied witL, 
the writer can be sure or a fac-simile 
copy, except that it will be reduced in 
size to the width of two columns oi the 

We wish to remind the patrons and 
friends of the Journal thatdufa are 
trumps, please show your hand. 


On n i it oi the prices u untied, we i 

a proprietor, yet during the past seven 
months I have done my utmost to give the 
readers the benefit of my experience in 
such a manner, as I hoped would meet 
approval. Judging from the liberal flow 
of subscriptions to the paper, and the very 
many expressions of confidence which pen- 
men express in Mr. Ames' ability to con- 
duet the same, I feel that it will not be 
weakened in withdrawing my name as as- 
sociate editor. As my ouly reward from 
the start lias been the satisfaction that I 
was doing good, and I feel that in starting 
the paper and securing for every sub- 
scriber a sheet twice the size origioallv 
intended, and laboring for it till success 
is assured, I have done my whole duty to 
all who in the start gave the-enterprise sup- 
port. I now wish the enterprise every 
success, nnd shall ever hope to see the 
Journal a fearless exponent of all ideas 
tending to the advancement of penmuuship 
and penmen. Yours faithfully, 

a- h. nmus. 
Mr. Hiuuian'tj reaignatlon of his connexion 

Our Daily Reckoning. 

A Rare and Special Premium. 

We shall continue to send a copy of the 
John D. Williams master piece, which was 
fully described in our May issue, to each 
new subscriber, until fur tin r notice. It 
receives the most flattering praise from all 
who have .seen if. 

Professor S. S. Packard.— 1 am sure 
that whoever possesses this fine work can 
honestly claim to have tht most perfect 
and elaborate specimen of ott'-huud flour- 
ibhiug yet produced. 

M^iir. vt-ry [..'|.iiI,il'. j'tr i>aili ol IS cards, 20f. ; 
Windsor :- N. »' u - t-iij-ti' siij.. Ibd. Iuk, pr 6tk. '• i 
Photo-EnJinvnig Oo.'m India Ink, pw stick ..... l | 
-rii'Lu-enttii \ii. i, ■ vim lor flourishing.., Jj 

i:iH?i-<i-tiUK l'irtif !■■>! l.'UC.TJUR, ftr drii.. 

iT"'« ijnill i'l'ii, very line, lor drawing, per doE,, 1 
Itixou's American Graphitt- Leud Pencils, very 

Guide . '.. ; j 

M.I.'-.'s Alptiobet* ... 3 fi 

Cougdou'8 Norma] Bystom ol i I'tin-hmg 5 

^ti yrKv- for Mark Twalali. 

DaMUL X. Aiu». 

■M Ikoadwtif, H»v Vork. 


INibllnhrfl Monthly . 

t ftl.OOptr Vrnr 

D. T. AMES, BUT01 

*«H PllOfBtETOB, 

305 Broi«l»r»j 

Nfw York. 

1. R|)«olmnt cflplf* fii 

■nlehcd to Agent* fr* 


. i-.i.i 01 UBHI - 

„ rll.r-r. 

-ifK *-j ■ 

ifleaflar, loopy of either oft 

ii, pncliof whli -li !"• 10 9 I 

ntiiiiiM)ii|i i-vrr pool lifted, rli 

B OanUnnlaJ Plriiire of Proiirr™ 

■ ■■["' " J 
ol I ■■" 

Pnyn i** M " 

MnrriaRi- Oortlflrotr 1M*33 " 

Pamllj Rei r.i ... 18x32 " 

ri>lmPiiH)ii>ol«nf KitBro**lTt|r i'nrlill*l* " ' 
nit I fill Scroll Cnrdi, IN -IHT-r-rit AealgBI, 
BO. iinnim mul $.') w« will forwsrfl tin- In 
nl Picture, (Jjw 98x40 Inehw, rettUi for f 
n«m« end *n we will fonnrd ■ codj 

A piirkni-d'n 'iiil.t" tr trill* for *2.l">. 

I IM> 


•jos Broadway, No* v. 
i tddreu vitv dlailDotly. 


Special $10.00 Cash Premium. 
Now that we are approaching the busy 
mul paying season for teaohera, and pen- 
men, Hrslmll loot for ii rapid iuerensp to 
our list ol subscribers, and us an extrn in- 
ducement to those who are working so 
earnestly and well for the Jotjrhal to con- 
tinue their efforts, we hereby agree to 
pay in addition to the premiums already 
offered 310.00 in cash to the person who 
shall prooure tne largest number of sub 
soribers from now to tlio end of the pres- 
ent volume, that is before the first di 
April nei , m whiehtime we will publish 
the name and address, together with the 
number of subscribers secured by the 
person receiving the prise ; extra copies of 
the Journal will be sent dee to any per- 
son desiring to compete, Now is the time 
to begin. 

Specimen Copies 
Of the present issue of the JoUBHAL we 
print a large number to be given, ns speci- 
men copies free, to parsons likely to be 

sufficiently interested to subscribe. 

To persons who me endeavoring to se- 
cure olubs, or who have interested friends 
to whom they desire to present a copy, we 
will, on request stating the number de- 
sired, innil them in a package for distribu- 
tion, or if they choose to send us the names 
we will mail the Journal direct from our 

Person's desiring Oongdoi 
lettering mid flourishing, are requested to 
send their orders direct to the Art Jour- 
nal. For terms see our penman's supply 

list. Special rates to the trade. 

Positions and Movements while Writing. 

Few teachers of writing properly appre- 
ciate how greatly the snooees of their pu- 
pils depends upon securing, at ths oateetj 
correct positions and movement 

Without these no amount of practice, or 
OTSl M thorough a knowledge of writing 
can makes skilful penman. 

v7e are of ten asked what position at the 
desk we would advise: that depends materi- 
al^ upon the Kind of writiug or work to 
be executed, and the style of the desk or 

At our own work we invariably sit direct- 
ly racing our table, in our case as in many 
others, the kind and magnitude of the 
work determines the position of the writer. 
When writing upon large books, or execut- 
ing large drawings or specimens, the front 
,:. ii,,. unU practical position ; for drawing 
lettering, flourishing, or any work requir- 
ing the arm movement, that position is 
onqeetionably the best. 

Regarding the position of pupils in 
schools and classes, we believe the right 
side to the desk is the best, in as much as 
it affords the best support to the hand and 
fore-arm, which is very essential to either 
the finger, muscular or combined move- 
ments, but the one thing all important is 
thai the proper relative position of the 
hand and mm to the paper be at oil times 
maintained— that ib that the hand and arm 
should be kept at a right angle to the line 
upon which we write. 

There are four different movements, 

nieoi less employed in writing. The first, 

and that which is most generally used 

and taught by unprofessional teachers, and 

praoti I by most unskilful writers, is the 

ringer, so called because the fiugers alone 
:,,, emp] iyed in giving motion to the pen. 
Wiiting by this movement is less rapid and 
graceful than that by either of the other 
movements. It is more of a drawing pro- 
cess, it seems to be the most natural and 
, in -, v to acquire, and being the only move- 
ment Imown or taught in a large majority 
of our public schools, it is practiced by a 
very large proportion of people outside of 
the mi leantile and professional pursuits. 
Mi oi tin latter have found it necessary 
Uj gain some further knowledge of writing 
than that acquired in our public schools, 
when they have either attended a com- 
mercial school, or received instruct! dus 
from some professional teacher of writing, 
and have been instructed in other move- 

The second movement is the muscular or 
fore arm. By some teachers it is called the 
Spencerian, by others the Carstairiau, 
being so called after the names of two of 
its most noted and skilful teachers and 
advocates; this movement is obtained by 
resting the fleshy or muscular part of the 
fore-arm upon the desk, and then by sim 
ply contracting or reloxing the muscles of 
the fore-arm a very rapid, graceful and 
tireless motion is imparted to the hand and 
pen ; but it is only when combined with 
the finger, producing what is known as the 
third or combination movement that it is 
employed to the greatest advantage. In 
this movement the muscles impart rapid- 
ity and endurance, the fingers accuracy of 
form, and ease in making the extended 
letters, thus rendering it, as a whole, by 
far the best and most desirable movement 
for practical writing. 

the fourth, or whole arm movement, 
the most graceful and rapid of all the 
movements, it is also, when employed on 
a small scale, much less accurate, and 
hence less desirable for practical writiug. 
It is used to advantage only where con- 
siderable license is allowable, as for in- 
stance, in writing, dates, signatures, super- 
scriptions, black-board writing, &c. To 
be able to employ this movement with 
skill requires much, and continued prac- 
tice Its proper ami skilful use is, however, 
an important accomplishment to the pro- 
fessional penman. 

It is obtained by raising the entire arm 
free from the table, 

lightly upon the nails of the third and 
fourth fingers, and then striking the letters 
with a full sweep of the whole arm. This 
movement is also used in all off-hand 

is said to be the soul of wit. We wish to 
impress this idea upon the minds of some 
of our correspondents, who cover two or 
three pages of foolscap to say, what, with a 
little thought, might have been better said 
in about one-sixth of the space ; also 
upon contributors who send articles of two 
or three columns in length, which ought to 
have been "boiled down" to one-half, or 
two-thirds of a column. We prefer the 
"short and sweet" plan — it will give every 
body a show, and generally be more inter- 
esting to readers. We are compel 'ed to 
leave out many articles from each number 
of the Journal, for want of space. Brief, 
pointed articles will be much more certain 
of a prompt insertion than those more 
lengthy, loose, and carelessly written. 
Wultum in parvo, please. 

The Columns of the Journal Open to All. 
It is the desire of the publishers of 
this Journal that it shall be a grand 
medium for a ready and free interchange 
of thoughts and ideas among the profes- 
sion concerning their art and calling ■, 
therefore, should any readers find in its 
columns ideas with which they differ, or to 
which they desire to add they will please 
us and gratify themselves, and, perhaps, 
many readers, by just taking their pens 
and communicating to us their dislike or 
approval with reasons for the same. 

Not Responsible. 

It should b^ distinctly understood that 
the editor of the Journal is not to be 
held as indorsing anything outside of its 
editorial columns ; all communications, 
not objectional in their character, or devoid 
of interest or merit, are received and 
published ; if any person differs the columns 
are equally open to him to say so and tell 

Pay Postage. 
All parties sending specimens of pen 
work of any kind to the Art Journal must 
prepay postage at letter rates. When not 
so paid we are obliged to pay double letter 
rates on its receipt. We shall in future 
decline to receive specimens not prepaid 
at full letter rates. 

Mr. A. A. Clark, penman at Gregory's 
Practical Busiues College, Newark, N. J., 
incloses a card as follows : 

Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Clark. 
We wish them both much happiness. 
Our old friend, Lew. E. Darrow, formerly 
principal of B. & S. Syracuse Business 
College, is now engaged in the banking 
business at Corning, Iowa ; Mr. D. in- 
closes a slip of writing from Mr. O. M. 
Webster, of the same place, which is ele- 

I. S. Preston, of Biooklyn, has called 
upon us since his return from a vacation of 
two months ; during which he has been 
teaching classes with his usual success in 
Central and Northern New fork. Prof. 
P. is widely known as a skilful penman, 
and is engaged teaching iu the public and 
private schools of Brooklyn and vicinity. 

Jos. S. Hariug, jr., of Sparkill, N. Y., 
has shown us an engrossed charter for the 
Haddock Hall Company, which was a very 
creditable piece of work ; the lettering es- 
pecially was very good. Although not a 
professional penman (beiug a civil engi- 
neer), Mr. Hariug evidently possesses the 
genius for a true kuight of the quill. 

H. C. Wright, principal of Wright's 
Business College, Brooklyn, N, Y. has 
recently published a twenty page pamph- 
let entitled "Manual of Rules and Defi- 
nitions for use in Double Entry Book- 
keeping." Although designed only for 
use in his own school, it is frequently 
called for by other teachers of book-keeping 
and practical accountants, and will be of 
.t aid to all having to do with book- 
keeping, whether as teachers, pupils or 

H. C. Clark is having pood success teach- 
ing writing in Northern Ohio. Prof. Clark 
gives fifteen lessons for 82. Judging 
from his style it is cheap enough. 

Prof. I. French is teaching with con- 
siderable success at Effingham, III. He 
seuds samples of improvement made by 
severol of his pupils, which are indicative 
Of good teaching. 

B. L. Sanm has recently purchased an 
interest in tne Burlington, Iowa, Business 
College, which he writes us has opened very 
propitiously. Prof. Saum is a skilful 
peumau and deserves success. 

G. W. Brown, of Jacksonville. III., 
Business College, says "we have opened 
with prospects better than ever before, 
having entered forty students for the bnai- 
ness course on the two days of Sept. 4 

Prof. J. W. Van Sickle, M. D., princi- 
pal of Van Sickle's Practical Business Col- 
lege, Springfield, Ohio, received the de- 
gree oi A. fil from his Alma Mater (Olr.o 

Weslcyan University!, at the late com- 
mencement (June 28, 1877). He grad- 
ing the hand ' uated (in 1S66), in the scientific course. 


W. E. Dennis incloses several card spec- 
imens written in his usual happy style. 

T. P. Pernitt, Plainview, Min., for- 
wards specimens of very graceful off-hand 
capitals, with good plain writing. 

W. L. Dean, penman at the Wyomiug 
Commercial College, Kiugston, Pa., for- 
wards two very flue specimens of off-hand 

I. S. Haiues sends two very attractive 
and skilfully flourished specimens, one a 
bird in the nest is particularly fine, also 
the plain writing is good. 

I, J. Woodward, penman at the Jackson- 
ville, III., Business College, writes a very 
graceful letter, in which are inclosed 
several slips of very elegant writing. 

J. M Crawford, of Union Business Col- 
lege, West Unity, Ohio, sends a finely 
flourished bird and swan, several good 
specimens of cards and plain writing. 

Susie Marsh. Brandon, Wis., is an en- 
thusiastic teacher of wiiting, also admires 
the Journal. She incloses a very ei edit- 
able specimen of improvement made by 
one of her pupils. 

E. L Burnett, of Elmira, N. Y., sends a 
package containing a flue variety of off- 
hand capitals, combined with easy and 
graceful writing, and off-hand flourishing. 
Mr. B. is one of our promising young pen- 

W. R. Glen, superintendent of writing 
at the Springfield, 111., Business College, 
incloses, in a splendidly written letter, an 
elegantly flouiished eagle. Mr. G. is a 
former pupil and associate of P. R, Spen- 
cer, jr., and is a very accomplished writer. 

H. B. Chicken, of tha Jacksonville, HI., 
Business College, who has been spending his 
vacation with Professor Snule, at Philadel- 
phia, made us a call on his return home. 
He has since favored us with some very 
excellent specimen* of his writing and 


L. D. P., Rocklaud, Mass.— The address 
of B. M. Worthington, is Evanston, 111., 
H. W. Flickinger, Philadelphia, 

C. O. S., Ransom, Pa. —We shall, 
probably, offer our "Art Gems," when 
published, as a premium to our subscri- 

G. A. G., Manchester, N. H-— No. 
Friend G„ the " new veuture," is cot 
defunct and has a lively prospect for not 
becoming so. 

J. D. Clark.— The best pens for copy 
writiug are Gillot's 303 ; for business 
writiug and flourishing, Spencerian No. 1, 
and Este ib rook's, 128. 

C. S. M., Springfield, Mass.— We do 
not know the circulation of the Home 
Guest; it is undoubtedly quite large, 
probably nearly equal to that <>f the Jodb- 

H. J. C, Chelsea, Vt.-For one of your 
age you write a remarkably good business- 
hand; your letters lack symmetry; you need 
to practice for a short time under the 
tuition of a thorough, critical teacher of 

A. E. A., Greenville, N. H.— Your mode 
of practice is good, but what you most 
need is to have some skilful teacher of 
writing to criticise your work and point 
out its faults. It now lacks uniformity and 

J. P. C, Sandy Hill, N. Y.— The Spen- 
cerian compendium is the only publica- 
tion to be had, engraved from copies pre- 
pared by P. R. Spencer, sr. It has not 
been revised since 1864. The writing 
contained iu that work is supposed to be 
a fac-simile of his writing. 

W. H. K., Ishpenning, Mich.— See edi- 
torial on position and movements for 
answer to your questions. As regards 
sending specimens received, we would not 
feel at liberty to do so, but for a very 
small remittance to those whose names ap- 
pear under the special heading of " Speci- 
mens Received " you would undoubtedly 
receive similar oues to those mentioned, 
you evidently have a good movement, and 
write well, considering your age and ex- 

S. O. H., Baldwin, Miss.— We recomend 
the muscular and whole arm movement 
for making capitals, the former, when 
letters are to be made on a small scule, in 
the body of writing, the latter, for dates, 
headings, signatures, superscriptions. ,\- c „ 
where they may be made larger, and with 
license ; yet the extent to which the arm 
movement may be used depends very 
much upon the degree of nailery or con- 
trol one has over it. If sufficient to enable 
him to make the letters of a practical size 
with a proper degree of accuracy, (which is 
notoften the case), there can be noobjection 
to its use at all times for making capitals. 
Bee editorial entitled, Position and Move- 
[ N. G., Galva, III.— The remedy for a 
tremulous hand while writing would often 
depend upon what was its cause. If it is 
from irregular, intemperate or bad habits 
— reform ; if from constitutional nerv 
ness, by practicing the muscular and 
movements it may be largely 
You ask, "Is it a proper way to teach 
writing iu public schools, that on the first 
pupil of a class completing a line, and 
raising his hand; a bell is struck by the 
teacher, as a signal for the entire class to 
begin a new line ? " We should consider 
such to be a very pernicious course, as it 
would have a tendency to huiry the entire 
class over a line too rapidly to allow of the 
proper care and thought necessary for im- 
provement. The time allowed for each 

Hue of practice should be at least the 
average time required by the entire class 
to complete a line, rather than that occu- 
pied by its most nimble writer. 


The first steel pen was made iu 1803. 

The Grecians introduced the goose quill 
as ;in instrument for writiag, and it held 
the ascendaucy for over eighteen hundred 

In writing, unlike morality, the fewer 
principles the better. 

Query. Do pupils make the first part of 
the letters a, rf, g, q. to look like e's instead 
of o's on the ground that it is best to write 
with ease and not owe any thing? 

It is estimated that in rapid business 
writing the pen is made to move a rod 
per minute. 

A president of a railroad company, "out 
west," having been personally annoyed by 
Pat Murphy's pigs, which claimed a right 
of way upon the track, sent a note to Pat 
rick demanding a curtailment of the lib- 
erty of said pigs, but unfortunately having 
written it in his characteristically illegible 
style it was used by Mr. Murphy for the 
next six weeks as a pass on that road. 

Copy Books on a New Plan. 

Prof. H. W. Ellsworth, the well known 
author of the Ellsworth system of writing, 
has recently published a new and improved 
series of writiug books, complete iu five 

The copies are well engraved and are 
systematically and practically arranged. 

The most marked feature of this new 
series consists of the novel manner in which 
the books are made up, the leaves of the 
book instead of being stitched through tho 
middle are simply held in place by two 
rings through the top of the sheets in such 
a manner as to allow of their being com- 
pletely reversed, and to cause them to lay 
perfectly flat while writing. The method 
is ingenious and appears to be a decided 
improvement upon the old method. 

The Scholar's Companion 
Is an eight page paper, published 
monthly by Amos M. Kellogg at 17 War- 
ren street, especially for circulation among 
school children. It is filled witli matter 
appropriate, interesting and useful to 
young folks, and we are very certain that 
no scholar or parent can iuvest one dollar 
to better advantage thau by subscribing 
for the Scholar's Companion. 

really meritorious teaoheis will seldom 
fail to do so. We kuow some teachers 
who make use of all the above nam-d 
methods, and who seldom fail of securug 
large classes. 

The Penman's Art Journal, 
Is a very attractive, and interesting eight- 
page paper, devoted especially to the 
art of penmanship. It is ably edited and 
skilfully illustrated, by D. T. Ames, Ar- 
tist Penman, 205 Broadway. Mr. Ames 
is a master in his profession, and will un- 
doubtedly make the Journal the chief of 
its class, and a valuable aid to all teachers 
of writing.— New York School Journal, 

Fine Gold Pens. 

The attention of our readers is invited 

to Mabie, Todd & Co.'s card on another 

page. Their 303 gold pen is the best for 

flourishing and fine writing we have used. 

Books and Periodicals Received. 

The Penman's Medley, published by 
Will Clark, at Toledo, Iowa, comes to us 
enlarged and greatly improved. It is well 
rilled with matter of interest to penmen. 

Tin Home Quest, published by J. Lap- 
ham & Co., Boston, contains, in addition 
to a large amount of interesting reading 
matter, a column devoted to penmanship, 

George Peabody, the great philanthro- 
pist, said to a young friend from whom he 
had received a note a short time previous- 
ly. "My dear sir, let me give you a little 
advice. You're a young man, just com- 
mencing life, and, I beg of you, don't get 
into the habit of writiug what people call 
a distinguished looking signature. If I 
didn't know you, I wouldn't be able to read 
this at all. Write your name plainly so as 
to be legible at a glance. Make this a rule 
of your life." 

A worthy young man o 
amored of the daughter of a wealthy 
miser, but was driven from her presence 
by the old curmudgeon, because of his 
poverty. Iu his despair he stated the 
cause of his dejection to a celebrated 
artist whose anger became so aroused that 
he immediately seized a pen and drew 
a miser's hand — oh, so grasping ! — and 
handing it to the young man said, "sell 
that and be rich !" He was not long in 
disposing of it, receiving an immense sum 
of money, and with that the co^eent of 

the miserly father aud 


(to ] 

Fly tin h 
Liiigerlug li 

t guide tin thought." 

The specimen of a fish given on this 
page of the Journal is reproduced from 
the old and very popular work upon or- 
namental penmanship aud flourishing 
published in 1803, by Knapp & Right- 

We have in our possession several rare 
specimens of work from old masters, from 
which we shall, from time to time, make 
selections for illustrating the pages of the 

How to Get up Writing Classes. 

A correspondent asks: " What is the 
proper way to get up a writiug class, by 
canvassing from house to house, visiting 
the public schools or both ?" 

The best method will differ according 
to the reputation, taste and peculiar abil- 
ity or accomplishment of the person en- 
deavoring to get up the class. 

Persons with fine address and great 
plausibility and a taste not repugnant to 
doing so will do well, and probably the 
best, to canvass for pupils. Others whose 
forte is in their ability to execute attrac- 
tive specimens, and write effective circulars 
might do best hy exhibiting specimens and 
a liberal distribution of circulars. We 
should by all means advise visiting tie' 
public schools, and the endeavor to en- 
list not only the teachers, but the school 
officers in t[, e interest of the class, and if 
practical, secure the use of a public school 
room, in which to give the instruction ; 

which is edited in a spirited and inter- 
esting manner by Prof. Gaskcll, win. so 
long and ably conducted the Penman's 

Tlte School Bulletin and N. Y. Stale 
Educational Journal published at Syia- 
cuse, is an interesting sixteen-page pupt r, 
devoted to the interests of education. The 
September issue contains an address de- 
livered before the State Teachers' Associa- 
tion by John Kennedy, upon the "philos- 
ophy of school dicipline," which every 
teacher should read. 

The Notre Dame Scholastic, published 
weekly by J. A. Lyons at the Notre Dame 
University, Notre Dame, Ind., is ably 
edited aud filled with educational matter 
and items of general aud local interest. 

Papers, circulars, catalogues, &c, have 
been received from the following commer- 
cial colleges: The Spencerian Business 
College, Washington, D. C; Wyoming, 
Pa., Commercial College ; North Western 
Business College, Madison, Wis.; Kendall's 
Normal Writing Institute, Boston, Mass.; 
Packard's New York Business College ; 
Cleghorn's B. and S. Business College, 
Brooklyn, N. Y,; National Business Col- 
lege, Ottawa, Canada; Stockwell A- Miller's 
N. J. Business College, Newark, N. J. ; 
Metropolitan Business, Chicago, III. ; 
Queen City Commercial College, Cincin- 
nati, Ohio ; Nelson's Busiuess College, 
Cincinnati, Ohio ; Wright's Business 
College, Williamsburgh, N. Y. 



Galva, September 6, 1*77 

i, hi.,, Pi „ ■■ 
DbabSxb— I noticed in jour last iss 

i i i led ' i '■ Uorsment, " 

i "how high 

•Iiould tln> writer's desk be ?" The bight 

for students 

Hi i j i % estimation, u luon that the arm may 

at, neither too 

high uor too low for comfort, but at that 

hight which it is most natural to poise it. 

K> pectfully jours, 


Office of the ) 

,1a- i. IOKVTJ r.i: Bl MX ESS COLLEGE, V 

Jj i OKVJLLBj li.i.,, August 3, 1877. J 

D. T. Ainu, Eeq . Neu Yorl 

\)\ An But -. I have been rather slow to 
express uu opinion regarding The Pek- 
uan'h Am Jouuhal, bat after Doting care- 
inlli nil the numbers ty date, I am con- 
viuoed that it more completely "fills the 
lull " than anything of the kind heretofore 
published. Basmaas colleges, and pen* 

muu generally, should now net upon the 

old saying, " When yon get a good thiug, 
stick to it." Put the J. B. C. dowu as u 
helper In tins work. Very truly, 

G. W. Brown. 

BpJ m i BIA« BDS1HB89 t (OLLEGB, >, D. C, Sept 3, 1877. i 
Friend Ames: 

[uoloscd plcaBe find two dollars, for which 
please Bl ad two copies of the Jouunal for 
one year, l BhaU endeavor to send you 
other BubsoriptiouB from among our friends 
andBtudents, I am confident the Joubnal 
will be mude the medium ol freah news, 

useful Information, best ideas of geuial, 
clear-headed teachers and penmen in re- 
gard to their profession, and a repository 
ol beautiful and attractive illustrations ol 
peu art from your own portfolio, and 
others Without thought of flattery, I say 
sincerely, 1 think you have the taleut, 
breadth, tact and spirit of good will 
requisite for the management of the JOUB- 
NAL, Yours truly, 

HliNKV C. Spenoiui. 

Malta, September 18, 1877. 
Prof, D. /■'. Ames. 

W.'Kiiiv FuiEsn: 1 received the (Jems 

and Guide, and Williams' M.isterpiece of 
Penmanship, and thank you kindly and 
many timea (or them, ond would say to 
nil interested jij penuiuuship, obtain 
one or nil of the above mentioned pre- 
miums, while they have such excellent 
opportunities, 1 do not see how you can 
afford to give such valuable premiums for 
so lew subscribers, 

L saj penmen take hold while you have 
■ mil golden opportunities, I have heard 

many who received that beautiful little 

Journal, say it is worth live times the 
subscription price, besides that invaluable 
premium which is beyond description. 

Penmen, if you wish to meet with suc- 
cess, subscribe for the Journal. Long 
ma\ it reach the lovers ol that proud art 
penmanship. Would like sumo to know 
what s youth of eighteen has done for it. 
ml what he received for a little exertion. 
Yours fraternally, 

0. L. HlCKETTS. 

Mi. Ricketta lias within a few weeks 
forwarded to the Journal tho names of 
s subscribers, for wnieh he ac- 
knowledges the receipt of Williams and 
Packard's Gems > GuideandoUierpreniiam& 
If all penmen would make a similar effort 
in its bi ii'li, the Joubnal would soon (as it 
is fast doing] become one of the must 
widely circulated ana popular class pa* 
para published. Why not do so, teaohen 
cannot do their pupils a greater service 
thou to induce them to subscribe for and 
read the Journal. 

In the above cut we present a set of 
flourished, or whole arm capitals ; they are 
made much larger, and with greater license 
as to form aud shade, than the standard 

They are made larger from the fact that 
it is very difficult, with Hub movement, to 
make letters on a small scale with the 
degree of accuracy and certainly necessary 
for good practical writing, indeed it is only 
through much practice that the ability to 
strike good whole arm letters is acquired, 
aud constant practice is necessary to retain 
that power. Few writers have Biifti- 
cieully mastered this movement to make it 

practical for general use in making even 
capitals, and none for the small letters 
aud common writing. It is practical only 
where large license is admissable, as for 
instance, in writing dates, headings, sig- 
natures, superscriptions, black-board writ- 
ing, &c. Though less accurate and cer- 
tain than the other movements, it is greatly 
superior for imparting ease and grace to 
the lines, curves and shades, and is an 
accomplishment, very essential to becoming 
a first-class penman. It is obtained by 
raising the entire arm free from the table, 
resting the hand lightly upou the third 
and fourth fingers, aud then striking the 

letters with a full and free sweep of the 
whole arm. The same movement is used 
for all off-hand flourishing, in which c>ise 
the position of the pen is reversed so as to 
admit of shading, on the upward or out- 
ward instead of the dow&ward or inward 
stroke, as is the case in striking letters cl 
in writing. It will be observed that the 
letters are substantially the same as the 
standard in form and shade, only that the 
rigidity of form is somewhat relaxed to 

allow of the greater scope and fin-d >[ 

movement required for the whole arm. 

Our next alphabet will be tho Italian, 
which will be very elaborately and imi>t 
beautifully flourished. 

Boston, September 4, 1877. 
Professor Ames ; 

My Dear Sir— Consistency is said to be 
a jewel, but I cannot forbear saying that it 
is a rare oue to find in A. H. H.'s two com- 
munications on first page of the September 
number of your valuable journal. I refer 
to the wording of the first as compared to 
the second. However, perhaps the day- 
dream, vision, or secoud-sightism may be a 
good excuse for not practising what he 
preaches. I have heard so many charges 
of "copy," "copy," that it is really quite a 
relief to find that " P. B." or "the vision" 
of the "original" repudiates it. However, 
I beg to differ with the following points of 
criticism made on the P. it H. Books. 
The thirteen books of this series, with 
copies 80 " painfully exact," so wanting in 
freedom, so "ill adapted for business" 
or "practical use," were written, arranged 
and given to the engraver within six or 
seven weeks, and not averaging more than 
three hours per day, and then interrupted 
with other matter, callers, Ac. 

It did not take "days" to pencil a few 
lines by " drawing out" with these books, 
aud so sensitive was Mr. P. in regard to 
having a word, or syllable, or line of copy 
found in any other system, that after hav- 
ing prepared a line he would quickly 
erase, ou discovering the same m other 
books. As every copy in the above men- 
tioned revised books was written by my 
owu baud, I know whereof I have affirmed. 
In regard to the former "Speuccriau" 
bring ahead m practicability I differ from 
from him entirely, and was glad that you 
did not, or could not indorse his opinion. 
I reverence the name of "Father Spencer," 
always admired his letter writing, have 
oue or two small specimeus iu my posses- 
sion, which I value highly: at the same 
time to consider the- short stem t's and the 
long stem (fs with double curved hooped 
letters, was more practical than the present 
style (to say nothing about the formation 
of some capitals, see compendium), seems 
too ridiculous for a sane person, with half an 
eye, to believe, or acknowledge for a 
moment. I can see much to admire in all 
the leading systems, I condemn none, and 
at least mean to be consistent. While 
engaged in writing the copies for P. & 
H. Books, a somewhat noted penman, in 
this city, was engaged similarly for his 
books. He had arranged copies for seven 

or eight, commenced six months before. 
Our books were arranged, written and 
published prior to his, yet he had the good 
taste to state to a friend that " all we had 
was stolen from him," and almost iu the 
same breath declared that the "P. & H." 
system " was the poorest one published." 
So as I remarked to the friend, if both 
remarks were true, we must have had very 
poor material to "steal from," particularly 
as neither we, nor any one else, had then 
seen his books. Yours hastily, 

H. 0. Kendall. 

Jacksonville (111.) Jottings. 

Perhaps no other small, inland village 
of the Northwest, sustains as many pro- 
fessional penmen, as does this little city. 
With scarcely fifteen thousand people, 
there are here not less than six " profes- 
sionals." Notwithstanding this seeming 
large number of penmanship teachers, it 
is not at all out of proportion to tho num- 
ber of other teachers here located. 

Why so large a number of teachers are 
to be found in so small a city, is briefly 
hinted at iu the last edition of " Rowell's 
Newspaper Directory," which, among 
other things, descriptive of Jacksonville, 
says. " It is the seat of most of the State 
Institutions^ ano) half-a-dozen colleges and 
seminaries." Of the latter thereare seven. 

Mrs. A. J. Griffith, for twelve years or 
more, has been a most successful teacher 
of penmanship. She is now employed at 
the State Institution for Deaf and Dumb, 
where, among her four hundred pupils, she 
finds ample scope for the use of all her 
artistic abilities. 

Miss Martha McCfrre, a fine writer and 
successful teacher, is employed as special 
teacher of penmanship at thy Young 
Ladies' Atheneum, 

-V,-. M. C. Davenport, a pupil of the 
Cleveland (Ohio) Spencer (Father of Pen- 
men), and formerly a teacher of penman- 
ship in the Jacksonville Business College, 
is n superb writer, and is one of the promis- 
ing penmen of the West. 

Mr. II. B. Chicken has, during the last 
year, had charge of the Special Penman- 
ship Department of the Jacksonville Busi- 
ness College. Though young in the busi- 
ness, and as yet comparatively unknown to 
fame, it is believed he is a rising star iu 
the profession. Mr. C. aims to devote 

himself solely to penmanship in all its 
branches. He was also a pupil of P. R, 
Spencer, and has spent the summer vaca- 
tion, just closed, furthering his professional 
skill under the instruction of J. E Soule, 

Mr. I. J. Wood worth, who needs no in- 
troduction to penmen iu this connexion, is 
employed by the business college of this 
city. Mr. W. studied with the celebrate? 
penman, B. M. Worthiugtou, taught a 
number of years in the business college of 
Quiucy, 111., and as a penmen, either 
plain or ornamental, has few equals. 

Mr. G, W. Brown, principal of the 
Jacksonville Business College, was a pupil 
of the everlasting G. F. Davis, of Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y. His efforts have been put 
forth entirely in the direction of business 
penmanship, iu teaching which he has 
been eminently successful. 

We might, with propriety, lay claim to 
still another " professional," in the person 
of Mr. iV. IF". SpeUman of our city, though 
at present he is one of the most enterpris- 
ing business meu This gentleman is a 
graduate of the Bchool once kept near 
Geneva, Ohio, from whose primitive walls 
went forth au army of teachers, who have 
been the main instruments in giving to 
this continent the best systems of penman- 
ship known among men. The following 
extract, from one of our city papers, may 
be of interest to your readers : 

Mr. N. W. Spellman, of this city, has 
recently loaned to the business college 
his interesting collection of penmanship 
by the renowned P. R. Spencer, author of 
Spenoerion Penmanship. These speci- 
mens were all written at the famous log 
cabin near Geneva, Ohio, known among 
Father Spencer's pupils as "Jericho." 
Though at this time the author was over 
sixty years old, there is hardly visible in 
the whole collection any trace of unsteady 
or trembling hand. Mr. Spellman was a 
pupil of this venerable and justly famous 
teacher, aud possesses a diploma, written 
in the most elegant style, by the author 
himself, on his sixty-secoud birthday. 

The business college at Springfield, 
111., has, we understand, secured the 
services of Mr. W. R. Glen, recently of H. 
B. Bryant's College, Chicago. Mr. G. 
hails from Cleveland, has taught iu Cincin- 
nati and Chicago, and for nearly two years 
did good service in the basinet college of I 
this city. gleaneb. 


Modern Autographs. 


\\ •■ "I)'-t mi ujinlnyv for ivpro luring the 

lowing autographs taken from our cor- 
poildence daring the past year. Men 

" \Mitr surli niKrrahle scrawls ought to 
held up to public ritlicul", and we are 
ly sorry that the illegibility of the foi- 
ling Bignutnres screens the writers from 
■ contempt and ridicule they justly 

Ken ii'v, no right to consume the time 
1 worry tin- patience of their corres- 
nh-rits in hymn to decipher their awk- 

nl and iMeimiil^less hiei'oplyphies. 

lad Mark Twain or the Hon. Eli Per- 
I received Rnota communications there 
iM have been four men rapidly reced- 
fi.'iu a thunderstorm of profanity ; but 
I. uh we meekly submit, and, with par- 
table curiosity, wonder who the dickens 

f we could confront these gentlemen 
li their penmanship they would say, 
Thy, that is as plain as can be ; any 
ly can read that." To them it is, no 
lot, but to us it is as plain as the Chi- 
B alphabet and as "clear as mud." 

attached to a very 
' written note, making inquiry ns to 
course of study, terms, &c. There 
not the slightest difficulty iu reading 
7 word that was written. But the sig- 
re baffled all our efforts to read. We 
dtteditto half ft dozen accountants and 

ion and finally to the post-office 

he is ; if It was to pay 
dollars for tuition the BOG 
East the better— for us. 


Id Illlllir 

it out. The address being 
iled n reply with the super- 



} penmanship of this signature is very 
:m with that of the letter. Could we 
read one, we would have succeded 
oding tin' other, quite easily. It 
is a uniformity in the construction of 
}, it is possible to read almost any 
of ealigraphy, no matter how badly 
y be written, by the context and a 
trieon of the letters, provided a word 
o can be made out. In tins par- 
r case, however, we confess our in- 

r to fathom either the letter or the 

are, and are to this day iu bliss- 

norauce as to who the writer is, or 
he wanted. 



of this signu- 
tuie lives out West, as the envelop was 
Hmped SI. Louis, Mo. How lie came 
to know of us, or what he wanted we 

can nut say. II is penmanship is such a mass 
of twhldom that it is beyond the possi- 
bility of human power to even imagine 
what he has written. It is a conuudrum 
to ns how his letter ever reached 
Brooklyn, for the superscription resem- 
bles a buy's attempt to make the right 
ami l-ii ovals at the same time. If the 
postal service of Brooklyn was not most 
adninal'lv conducted we would accuse 
the officials of putting into our box every 
! thing that they cannot read. 

\\ r were curious to know what this 
man wanted of us, but we could not sat- 
isfy our curiosity from his letter. If it 
Was advice about his chance of success 
in the East, we advise him to stay where 

We made out the address of this 
gentleman, but not his name. The let- 
ter was mailed in the Western District of 
this city, and we had an idea— a mere 
idea — that the writer sought particulars 
of our school. As we hold but little in- 
tercourse with the habitues of that part 
of our city, we hastened to enlighten this 
benighted individual on the advantages 
of Wright's Business College over the 
Western District institutions, and with ex- 
ceeding care clipped his signature from 
the letter, and pasting it on an envelop 
containing our circular, dispatched it im- 
mediately to what we made out as his 
address. Whether he ever received it 01 
not we can only imagine from what 
happened subsequently. 

About a week after mailing our circu- 
lar we received a second communication 
from this same individual, written in n 
bolder and somewhat stronger hand, with 
a coarser pen and thicker ink and with 
an evident intention of making ns under- 
stand or die in the attempt. 

Of course we could not understand. 
How could we ? We could not read r 
single word he had written, but we 
had an awful yearning though to know 
what that letter was about, so we im- 
mediately took it to an expert in New 
York. After spending several evenings 
over it, he returned it to us saying, he 
could only make out two words — devil 
and idiot, but that he did not think he 
was right in his conclusions, because he 
could not fee why such words should be 
used unless the writer was angry about 
something, or favoring us with an essay on 
his "Satanic Majesty " for our forth-com- 
ing Journal; but even then he could not 
see any connexion between the words, for 
the one designated a shrewd, sharp fel- 
low, and the other was a synonym for 
fool. We surmised the difficulty at once, 
aud telling him the particulars, he left us 
with a rousing slap on the shoulders. 

Now if the writer of the above signa- 
ture desires to know why we did 
answer his second communication, he has 
only to read this article. Aud we would 
just like to say to him that, if his blas- 
phemous language was aimed at us, hi- 
must use harder terms by a thousand de- 
grees next time. Such mild expressions 
as these don't affect our feelings any 
more than a feather would add to the 
burden of a camel.— Wright* College Jour- 


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J. C. BRYANT, M. D„ President of the Bryant A Stratton Business College, 



I am uting youi Book-keeping in my Academy with perfect satisfaction to my naif and undents. While 
other work on thin subject tend to perplex and bewilder, this one etucidatts. trjilain* <i"d wfit-mt It if the 
be»t work l have ever seen.— if. C. Williams, Boys' Academy, Buffalo, .\ }' I believe your book- the 

beat adapted to use in schools of any now before the public— 7'. ,/ Barton. Stipi ><<■!< ■■•><"•/ of Sc/toolg. 
Ashland, 0. We never had a book that gave a- good suti-f icnon We nm-i lieanily commend It,— J. M. 

Martin A Bro., Business College, Qaletburg, Jit l find y.ui i k- compicheni-iic, practical, and to give 

good satisfaction. — ' R. Huute. Business VolUye, l'fiitudtlj,f,i,t We regard it superior to imi »„it bcfoie 

the public nntl have adopted it in our College —Bianrh-inl .1 v.-v . a- -f. .. r,/,'. „. M, t rsh,.iiii»irn, la 
I do not hesitate to Kpeak of it In terms of the highest prai-n- -II C f>. )/,■■'■ l'i,i •>.,■,,'•/, Bluominglon, 111. 

With your book the student not only pmcresnes mure ra].iiM.\ t-m . ■'■'... t - i r and more comprehensive 

knowledge of accounts than from any other wc have 'i-id -./ / ' ■' U ■ ''ollrye. Tin unto. I have 

adopted your book in my school aud eball use it altogether.—/.' *-n. .. ■■■ . H . iif^ Vo Itgt, Indianapolis, Ind. 
I have examined your wurk on Book-keeping and chall adopt it in our (.'immeni il 1». y i- sn.-ut IK. Lvn 
French, liakrr University Kan/fas. I have been using your work on Book-ki i g in mj i i uses, and 

have hud so good tucceaa that I am more in favor with it than with anj other.— U A. B on, Washington 

University, St, Louis Weare well pleu-ed with tin' work, - ud ii-T.u.'Ur uior \ ■ ' E ptncsr, 

Business Collegr, fiauxri/t,, i,,,i. [ like your work bfttn Hum any other book I k dam particu- 

larly ]>le:i-id «Hli the Mamif'.n tuiiug timl Modern Banking -- Win. .1. II' '.' /• . ^unl,, 

Bonn Cu! ll i- certainly he-! adapted Io school instruct ion of any work with winch I inn anji. 

The r 


author, uini unlike nm-t 
liook-keepuig, hot have I 
the author 

Of pe 

nimplitled the 

[.It. Ill:: 

-, treatment of the -. i, n,r tif account*. That Mr. Bryant has ac 

:■ gratitude of huu.lre.l- of teacher- anil thoii-ands uf young meE 

e fully confident in every re -pec t it is a grand success.— &, A. 

The work is a model iu il- way, anil a- a text-book it mual 

<rk Daily QraphU I hnve examined yom «"rk on Udflffl 

-tein uf Bank liook-kei ping I have c>: - . o oi'-'.-'i il The 

ill 111 1111(1 ttl Strict il-.ofd.lUer W 11 h the gt'll. I | ,1 | II . f • ll 1 ll V . IUI 

krman Bank, Buffalo, A )'. I uav. ■ tmined yom Modem 

al Forms could scmiy he imprmi-tl. Tin 
.■ Bank- m tins city in their ilailv routine of 

overj r.-|.. 1 1 desirable — ';. //. Rich, Viet !'< 
i Modern Bonking, I And the st 

. idem 

1 National Bank, Buffalo, N H 
- adapted to Banking, I think 

■ Ilioroiighly 

ul the aid of 

with a day'- work in actual Bunking. '1 In n i <>i>l u 

guarantee to the work a well ruuUled mission.— J?. /*. Lee, A 

1 have cMiiuineil your work on Book keeping in mi far a- it 

I hey are well adapti .1 to tie it pui|.tf-e, und -turn transactions a- tlivy would occur and eutrie- a- it 

made.-// <i. NcBon, t'«(*/ii" B<t„k uf rumn.oce, Buffalo. .V 1" We have m--.. 

pniciiciil ircali-e-on tin- im.-l prut Heal of suhjccis. Tin > will tie fniiiul well -uit.-d J'..i .:.-- i 

:.i .ui.l,, I.- „r bualneu colleges, wbili thi j arc lucid and complete enough for study at home, witlio 

nit Instrnctor "The Ina Veu >'» 1 Mr i; , .; - i,.i,- , M"'"- a- a i. .-,.!,, r of the Bclence 

of BCCOOntfl has enabled hitn It. complete a work of the highest value The-c i k- make a -en. - |. 

and couiplei, treati-e-. written with t leanicss. and illustrated wilti practical unimul keeping We i nu-nd 

them to all joniig men d. ..irons of acquiring « practical knowledge of tin- u ■ ■lul ami indeed i/ull/»«iiWf art 
of book-keeping.— SoienUJIe American, As a te\t book for s. imois. Auideun,-, u ud < olleges it certainly 
lia- no -apeiior —Geneva Times. Wi most chei rlully recommi nd Bryant'- Book k, , lum' a- a t, \i hook of 
(superior morit.— Atutnui Journal. The author, a* our Buffalo readers well know is one of the leading and 
most accomplished profY.-ors of mercantile -cholar-hip in the c r> , ami III- brought f. I.i-nr. in wririn;; this 

work. the best resulla of bis wide experience both in the practical una theoretical brunch" - ot in^ -ubject — 
Buffalo Morning COItfUr, 

Address, J. C. BRYANT, 

Buffalo, N, Y. 


VOL. I. NO. 8. 

Practical Penmanship. 
Writing is an invention designed for 
eommuuicatiugor fixing thought by means 
of characters representing sounds. As the 
mind acts quickly, our best thoughts nicely 
moulded in the mind are apt to escape us, 
unless we can speedily transcribe them. 
Hfuce the necessity of rapid wriliug. The 
demand of the lawyer, author, merchant, 
and those in nearly every trade or pro- 
fession, is for a means of quickly trans- 
cribing thought. Tin- practice of pho- 
nography owes its existence to the fact 
that it is a quicker method of fixing words 
than writing, and were everybody familiar 
with it, script writing would quickly be 
among the tilings that were. The practi- 
cal demands are most fully met by that 
style of writing which secures in itause 
the greatest degree of rapidity and legi- 
bility. The artificial demand, when most 
fully met, is at a sacrifice of rapidity and 
legibility. Many professional penmen, 
and especially amateurs, regard beauty 
as the highest and only object to be attained, 
and feel a pity for the great mass of 
humanity who show no higher ambition 
than to be contented with practical, rapid, 
legible penmanship. This is a practical 
age, and those who are best fitted for it 
are those who are the most practical. 
Necessity demands rapid writing that can 
be easily read. But this is not the pen- 
man's ideal ; it is beauty. The man of 
business who writes with wondrous speed, 
yet legibly, is not a good writer, according 
to the penman's ideal. Goodness or merit 
in writing, to the penman, consists only in 
the exact curves and shades of some par- 
ticular copy-book system. Nothing practi- 
cal is approved, because it does not look 
just so and so. "Plain to the eye and 
easily combined," was the idea of a once 
great teacher. In other words, the busi- 
ness man says, teach my boy a plain, rapid 
hand. Greatness in teaching is secured 
through thoroughly preparing pupils for 
the practical demands of life. In penman- 
ship, the public demand is for legibility 
and rapidity, and the teacher who wishes 
to win a great success can well afford to 
ignore beauty to an extent necessary to 
give to the public what they demand, 
which, according to Father .Spencer's idea, 
was a style "plain to the eye and easily 
combined." A. h. h. 

The Value of Perseverance. 

Of the many qualities necessary to suc- 
cess Done is more essential than a fixed, 
firm adherence to an unyielding purpose 
to succeed. If we look over the biogra- 
phies of the great men of the past, we 
shall find that almost invariably they have 
been men of this kind. Your neversay-die- 
men have been the most eminently suc- 
cessful men of all ages. 

Gen. Santa Anna, in the Mexican war, 
claimed that Gen. Taylor, his opponent, 
was often whipped, but did not know it. 
So we will find that the man who has the 
pluck to stick to what he undertakes, and 
never gives up, is almost invariably the 
winner in the end. 

Gen. Grant, the conqueror of the re- 
bellion, was possessed of this faculty, and 
indeed, we are told by his biographers that 
it was one of the main elements of his 
most remurkable career of success. At 
the battle of the Wilderness, after two 
days of obstinate fighting, when the Union 
lorces were everywhere held in check, and 
doubt and d^spujjdeiicy settled down upon 
the officers and soldiers like a thick pall, a 
couucil of war was ordered, aod every 
officer and soldier expected nothing but 
an order to retreat. The Beveral corps 
commanders congregated in the tent of 
Gen. Grant ; all was still and silent as the 
grave. The opinion of each corps com- 
mander was asked, and an ominous shake 
of the head was the only response. Gen. 
Grant then took his pen and wrote on a 
small piece of paper, and handed to each one 
the following : " To-morrow the Army of 
the Potomao moves/or won/. " We all know 
the result. Shortly after, we again hear 
from Gen. Grant in his short but pointed 
telegram: " I propose to fight it out on 
this line, if it takes all summer." These 
never-dying words rang through the nation 
like the blast of a bugle in a cavalry 
bivouac, and inspired the drooping hearts 
of the people with fresh hope and courage. 

"Be sure you are right, and then go 
ahead," was the famous motto of Davy 
Crockett, to which might well be added : 
"Persevere to the end, and certain success 
awaits you." That the lack of this most 
necessary qualification is what causes the 
defeat of many of the most cherished 
hopes aud desires of mauy an individual 
of tine intellect and good ability, is but to 
repeat what is well known. That the 
majority of American braiDs are lacking 
in uoneentrativenese is a fact well known 
by our phrenologists aud physiologists. 

How frequently do we see individuals of 
thirty years of age who have tried nearly 
every professiou or calling that could he 
named or thought of, and proved a decided 
failure in every undertaking. "Jack of all 
trades, and master of none," has long ago 
passed iuto a proverb. The success for 
which our German fellow-citizens are 
almost invariably noted, as a class, is doubt- 
less owing to the proper development of 
concentrativeness. It is a well known fact 
that the amazing development of the West 
is owiog more to the German nationality 
than any other. I have known mauy of 
them to settle here without a dollar, and 
in a few years own a good farm, while 
the country around them was made to 
"blossom like the rose," and prosperous 
villages, towns and cities everywhere spring 
up as if by magic. The value of perse- 
verance seems the foundation rock which 
sustains all well-directed efforts in any 
calling, while the drifting, treacherous 
sands of indecision let down many an 
individual to failure and nun. 

aud acting, hke the fine dexterity of the 
jugglers with cups and balls, requires a 
shaping of the organs toward a finer and 
finer certainty of effect. Your muscles— your 
whole frame— must go like a watch, true, 


The Uses of Double-Entry Book-keeping. 
No captain would put his vessel to sea 
without a compass and reckoning book. 
If he be a good mariner, he is frequently 
consulting these, that he may know his 
position ; that he may make Ins course as 
short as possible, and that he may escape 
the dangers of certain parts of the ocean. 
To the man starting out in business, his 
certain success to wealth depends largely 
upon whether he uses as his compass and 
reckoning book a well kept set of double: 
entry books. Like the mariner, with his 
compass, he kuows from Ins books his 
exuet position at any time of reckoning. 
His expense account shows how much he 
is drifting toward rocks that will sink his 
ship. His merchandise account will enable 
him to estimate how rapidly he is sailing 
towards profits and wealth. His cash, 
bank, bills receivable, payable, and per- 
sonal accounts, will show his exact position 
ajany moment, and enable him to take 
shorter routes to wealth than he could 
with that limited knowledge of his coudi- 
p 'U which is shown by single entry, 
only perfect system of accounts 
double entry system. There is nc 
guard against failure in business like it. 
True, some facts may be shown by single 
entry accounts, and by introducing the 
merchandise, cash, and other 
much of the benefits of double 
be gained ; yet, if there is truth 
sim that ' what is worth doing 
orth doing well," it applies with 
full force to the keeping track of business 
by double entry books. While there are 
many who regard double entry as some- 
thing complicated and beyond their power 
of easy comprehension, it is in truth as 
simple as a pair of scales, and as true in 
showiug whether or not they are in balance. 
The trial balance at the end of every 
month, which can be shown from double 
entry books, enables one to see the condi- 
tion of his resources and liabilities. It 
governs h im in reducing expenses, or in 
buying or forcing sules to meet maturing 
notes or bills. Indeed, he can approxi- 
mate to his exact financial standing, and 
possess a satisfaction and confidence in his 
busiuess that will aid materially his efforts 
u directing his business successfully. 

provemeut. the study 
of bookkeeping is indeed valuable, 
rapidly/develops a power of 

.y from cause to effect, and 
powrfr is as useful to mankind as that. 

National Penmen's Convention. 
During the first week iu October, I re- 
ceived the followiug announcement . 
Office of the Exfotitive Committee of ) 
the National Penmen's Association, J- 
QtnxLvmnE, N. J., Sept. 29, 1877. J 
Dear Sir: You are earnestly invited to 
be piVM'iit at a Grand National Penman's 
Convention, to be held in this place, com- 
mencing Tuesday, October 9, 1877. A 
similar invitation has been sent to the 
leading penmen of the country, and a 
large gathering is expected. The object 
of the Convention is to secure an exchange 
of thought upon topics of common interest 

All (iucluding yourself) are invited to 
bring specimens of their skill, and all such 
old works upon the subject of penmanship 
as are convenient. Ample accommoda- 
tions will be provided at the hotels and 
private houses. 

Q. I. L. Penn, Secretary. 

Immediately upon receipt of the above 
I telegraphed to my friend, A. G. Ent, to 
meet me at the Convention, and bring his 
library. We reached Quillville on the 8th, 
and found a large assemblage at the depot, 
and upon arriving at the hotel gave our 
baggage in charge of the landlord, who 
told us to register, but try to get along 
with four lines, if possible. I opened the 
book, and turning over about three pages 
saw perhaps the grandest display of pen- 
manship ever collected in this country. 
The first name was N. G. Rosser, the 
champion lettererof America. Then F. L. 
Rish, champion off-hand penman. Each 
of these signatures occupied a page, and 
were surrounded with endless designs. 
Then came other pages, sometimes two 
names on a page, with men astride of lions, 
birds flying off with large bushes, and 
mammoth quill pens in their claws, &c. 
Sixteen champions were present, besides 
forty-six professors, which made me feel 
timid. Wishing to look well on the regis- 
ter, I asked if there was a champion 
present who would prepare a page and 
signature for me. Six came to my aid and 
offered to do so for 25c, 50c. ; and another, 
who stated that for a dollar he would 
make me appear to be a celebrated pen- 
man I believe in good prices, and so 
accepted his offer. I then turned to the 
sitting room, and saw upon the door this 
notice : Valuable secrets, 25c. each ; walk 
in. Upon opening the door I found two 
persons, one of whom informed me that 
he waB nearly through a lesson, and would 
give me the use of the room in about five 
minutes, but that as I appeared hke a 
drummer, I might remain in and hear the 
lesson through. I saw him take a paper 
aud cut a round hole in it, and hold it up 
so that the sun shone through it sideways ; 
then he marked the light spot upon the 
floor with chalk, and formed an oval. He 
then held it nearer the floor and made 
smaller ones of different shapes and sizes. 
White ink, says he, is made by mixing 
oxalic acid and water. In writing upon 
blue paper the acid destroys the coloring, 
aud where the lines are the paper turns 
white. If you wish to clean old or soiled 
specimens of penmanship, said he, crumb 
soft bread upon the sheet and rub it over 
with your hand, and it cleans it as fresh as 
new. Take a nail or your knife blade, dip 
it in iuk, and folks will think it wonderful 
that you can write with it like a pen. I 
should have remained longer and heard 
the other points, but hearing a rush for 
the front door I followed, and there alight- 
ing from the 'bus was a man covered from 
head to feet with steel pens sewn to his 
clothes. His name soon appeared on the 
register as P. N. S. How, champiou pen- 
man, agent for Esterbrook & Co., Camden, 
N. J. ; sixty-rive cents per gross. He then 
began circulating his cards, which he said 
were engraved fac-similes of his own 


writing, done with Esterbrook's peerleae 
pens. Soon little knot* of penmen gathered 
together, and were discussing the writing 
opon the cards. Soon a large crowd col- 
lected around a few, who, with their mil 
hate perched npon the hack of their heads, 
were violently arguing upon the merits and 
demerits of the writing. Look at that P, 
says one ; there's a little more shade on it 
than on the H, and the small o is a trifle 
too wide; and tin- lower part of w is not 
turned u sharp as it ought to be, and the 
flourish nt the end ought to come up over 
the top. Well, bays another, ain't it good 
writing. No, bbji a third, the curves in N 
are too full, and S in crossed too high, 
and P is a trifle higher than the others, 
i " the least bit lower. But, sayB 

another, those letters are not correct any- 
i i hngto the revised copybooks. 

Any penman who don't chant e his capitals 
every time the books change is behind the 
times. Look there, says another, the 
standard of writing should be one-ninth 
of an inch, and these short letters are just 
i.ik: I'Irvi nth, 1"-.ii]i-.-. tli-' right half of V> 

is a trifle too wide. Yes, and he's got two 
shades on the //, and only one on each of 

Mil cil.luT I'll' I Hi-":; tin |ii-nill!lll. Af 

Him i mini , Secretary Q.I. L Penn oame 

up and said : " Gentlemen, your attention, 
j-li-ji-..- < hvini: I-, tin- di'l:iv of flu- pointers 
we cannot have the hall this evening, as 
they have already painted the newly made 
blackboardH and must sand-paper them, 
then apply two coats of slating, and rub 
that down flue with emery paper, which 
will take them all this evening and early 
iu the morning. We cannot, therefore, 
Organize the Convention till to-morrow. 
However, I have arranged the program 
for to-morrow, and we may expect Borne 
spirited speaking, and I hope gain some 
good [Hints. Try and make yourselves 
comfortable to-night, uud bo on hand at 
mm tO-morTOW." Just then the gong 
rang for supper, and about eighty of us 
went to the hotel, and as many more to 
privato houses. Up to this time I had 
formed the acquaintance of several penmen, 
and one especially, Prof. N. T. Prise, who, 
after supper, invited me to visit the meet- 
ing of the school board thot evening. We 
then took h stroll through the halls of, and 
various rooms of the hotel, and caught 
glimpses of the many specimens of pen 
art whioa adorned the walls. The larger 
pieces were Hurrounded by penmen, some 
admiring, some criticising, and others 
sketching the main features of different 
works. In tho dining-room the tables 
wen- being rapidly cleared for a contest in 
skill between four champions of the quill. 
Owing to previous engagements with my 
friend, I was unable to be present We 
left. I lie hotel, and were soou iu the presence 
of the school board. Mr. Prise succeeded, 
through ouo of tho members, iu gaining 
permission to speak to the board, which 
he did as follows: " Gentlemen— The 
Penman's Convention, now meeting in 
your beautiful city, has brought me here. 
Since .-..[mug, I have learned that the 
beautiful art of writing is not scientifically 
taught iu your schools, a thing which you 
all do doubt regret. This perhaps arises 
from your teachers not being familiar with 
the best means of teaching the art ; also 
beiug poor writers My desire is to no 
only offer yon as opportunity for seenring 
for your teachers a thorough drill iu this 
branch, which will make them better 
teacher , but also give « large number of 
the pupils of your schools the benefit of 
professional teaching. To do this, how 
ever, a room for teaehiug will be necessary, 
and I trust the public benefit will justify 
you in granting the use of one of your 
rooms. I propose, through your recom- 
mendation to the teachers, to allow them 
to attend free of charge. Their presence 
will no doubt attract many of their pupils, 
and the room will virtually be under the 
control of the teachers." The president 
theu addressed the board, saying : "Gen- 
tlemen—You have heard tho proposition. 

It seems to me a good one, and that we 
ought to accept it. True, we have a role 
preventing the use of oar roomB for any 

tside purpose, but this appears to be 
different, and contains no objectionable 
features. If there is no objection, Mr. 
Prise can have the room." Just then, Mr. 
A- G. Ent, whom I had missed since our 
arrival, arose, saying: "Mr. President 

,d Gentlemen— I have visited many of 
you personally to-day, and you know my 
object is to secure the introduction of the 
nal copy-books in your schools. The 
advantage of a change of books is that 
with new books both teachers and pupils 
a new interest in penmanship, and an 
impulse is created. The system is simple 
,nd thoroughly scientific. Upon the covers 
and over the copies may be found abun- 
dant instructions. The paper is superior, 
jovers very attractive, the copies com- 
pactly written, and many lines are given 
for imitation. Our Hand Book for teachers 
is superior to any other published, while 
our system is the first one ever arranged 
with definite proportions for school-room 
use. One of the members then arose, 
saying: " Mr. President — I propose that 
Mr. Ent take up the books at the stores in 
exchange for those he represents, and that 
when new books are needed, pupils be 
instruoted to procure his." The motion 
was put and carried. 

We returned to the hotel, and found the 
long tables filled with peumen, executing 
every variety of designs. Others, with 
portable blackboards hung against the 
walls, were practicing upon letters, and 
giving their opinions of various systems. 
[to be oontdtued.J 

Justice to the Living. 

In certain articles iu the late Penman's 
Gaze!!'*, and in one of the first numbers of 
the Journal, I observed attempts to dis- 
parage the merits of penmen whose attain- 
ments intitle them to the highest con- 
sideration. As an instance, such penmen 
as Lyman P. Spencer, of Washington, D. 
O-.andH. W. Flickinger, of Philadelphia, 
have beeu referred to as only able to draw 
out their work, when it is a well known 
fact that those two modest men have no 
superiors us ready writers and artistic peu- 
men. Again, eulogies have been written 
upon the elder Spencer, the originator of 
Speuceriau penmanship, with a marked 
vein of regret that little or uo talent or 
skill survived him in his large family of 
sous and daughters to continue the work 
so well founded. Others have made the 
lamented Mr. Lusk their subject of praise, 
and in that connexion endeavored to credit 
him with the best points iu Speueerian 
penmanship, notwithstanding the well 
known fact that not a line of Mr. L.'s 
writing ever appeared in the Speueerian 
publications. Mr. Lusk was widely cele- 
brated as a "business writer," and a still 
more remarkable teacher, but was not con- 
spicuous for originality. Others, too, 
while expressing unbounded admiration, 
deservedly so, for the skill of the late John 
D. Williams, especially iu the department 
of off-hand flourishing, still maintain a 
significant silence in regard to the beauti- 
ful work which our living penmen are pro- 
ducing on every hand. It is indeed but 
simple justice, and therefore commenda- 
ble to show a genuine appreciation of such 
men as Piatt R. Spencer, who was a writer 
of wouderfnl skill, and an author of bold 
origiuality ; also of J. D. Williams, of 
whom as much can be said in the depart- 
ment of ornamental pen designing. At 
the same time, why not justly recognize 
the merits of the living penmen of to-day. 

Is it not within the range of the possi- 
bilities that a penman paragraphist may 
feel free to shower praise upon the dead, 
because they cauuot in any manner become 
his competitors, and yet uujustly ignore 
underrate the living, who, perchance, a: 
or might become rivals for professional 
honors ? 

The merit of Spencer and Wilhami 

so much in their having reached a 
higher degree of excellence than others 
attained, as in their having pioneered 
the way for others. 

Would not the famous motto of Presi- 
dent Lincoln, "Charity for all, and malice 
toward none," be a good one for a pen- 
's paper. Yours truly, 

Fair Play. 


ivenly liyninere sing, 

y thy HiKht. ti 

i I lie lifnutj u 

A Reform Needed. 

Editor Penman's Art Journal: 

I have noticed several articles in your 
valued and valuable paper, on writing in 
the public schools, and it may seem some- 
what presumptuous for me to attempt to 
add anything to what has already been 
so well done ; and yet, I shall venture a 


Every one acknowledges that in this 
country, the great business is, aud ought 
to be, the education of the young ; and aB 
the great majority depend entirely upon 
the public schools, it is of the utmost im- 
portance that they should be taught in the 
best manner possible. Now, it is acknowl- 
edged, by every one, that penmanship is 
one of the most important branches taught 
in these sehools. Even the " old fogy school 
director " will tell you that "readin,' writ- 
iu,' 'rithmetic, and spellin'" are the four 
studies which should receive most atten- 
tion. And yet, although this is acknowl- 
edged by every body, nobody has taken auy 
decided and telling steps in the matter 
previous to the establishment of The Pen- 
man's Art Journal. School journals, and 
teachers' papers generally are "mum" 
on the subject ; it is scarcely ever mentioned 
at teachers' institutes ; school officers, 
though they will bemoan their own con- 
dition upon receiving a letter which has 
been its round to the dead letter office, 
and«uperintendeuts of sehools, while they 
grumble about receiving communications 
from the teachers under their charge, which 
they are unable to read, yet none of them 
take any steps to remedy the detect, possi- 
bly because they do not know exactly 
what ought In be done. Withal, the pen- 
men, until lately, have seemed to be dead 
to a sense of their duty. They have con- 
sidered it to be enough of glory for them, 
and that they were doing enough for their 
fellow men, if they succeeded in giving 
creditable instruction to the few who put 
themselves under their tuition, and in 
causing the world to stare at the wonder- 
ful productions of their pens, without 
troubling themselves as to how the millions 
throughout the country are taught, or 
whether they are taught at all. "My 
brethren, these things ought not so to be." 
The proprietor of the Art Journal is 
taking some lengthy strides in the right 
direction. Let us lend a hand to help 
them. B. 

Importance of Teaching Writing. 

There is no reason why every child in 
every school should not be a good penman 
at a very early age. 

The advantage of this acquisition to the 
children cannot be overrated, for. besides 
the mechanical skill, the child has the 
means of constant employment which will 
keep him from idleness and mischief, and 
the live teacher can make this skill bear 
upon almost every exercise in other branches 

With the School Bulletin, we believe that 
there is no good reason why every graduate 
from our public schools should not write 
at least a good, legible hand. Reasonably 
skilful instruction would certainly enable 
them to do so; yet, that snoh is not the 
fact, is very obvious. Our observation 
concerning the teaching of writing in pub- 
lic schools leads us to the belief that in no 
r branch are teachers generally so 
poorly qualified to teach, or indifferent re- 
garding their teaching as in writing, which 
accounts for the indifferent success of their 
pupils ; for this want of qualification, 
superintendents and school officers are 
largely at fault, by not requiring any special 
standard of skill or qualification for teach- 
ing writing on the part of candidates for 

Superintendents should impress not only 
upon the minds of candidates, but upon all 
teachers under their charge, the great im- 
portance of being themselves good writers, 
as well as skilful and earnest teachers. 
Then we could reasonably hope to see writ- 
well and successfully taught, and good 
writers coming from our public schools. 

Editor Penman's Art Journal: 

In your journal for October, I find an 
article headed, "Writing us a sign of char- 
acter." I shall ask the patience of your 
readers while I add a few observations on 
the same subject. I fully believe that 
writiug is an index to the character of the 
writer. This may not prove true in every 
instance, but as " there are exceptions to 
all rules," I will venture to offer what I 
have noticed. Angular writing indicates 
the pointed angular character of the writ- 
er. Examine the writing of your corres- 
pondents and you will be able to deter- 
mine the condition of mind of the writer, 
as well as hit general character. He may, 
by training, be able to disguise, to some 
extent, his natural manner of writing, but 
the general characteristics are there, as 
plainly indicating his habits, temperament 
and general character, as if written in the 
plainest of language. If very pointed, you 
may depend upon it, he is of a fretful, 
fault-finding disposition, ready to "fly the 
track " upon the slightest provocation. If, 
besides, being angular, the letters have 
a heavy shading, there is a certain bold- 
ness of manner in connexion with hi* 
angular disposition, that often gives to his 
conversation a form that is repulsive. His 
actions are characterized throughout by 
the same points and shades seen in his 
handwriting. On the other hand, notice 
the careless off-hand style of writing, with 
here and there an angle among numerous 
curves, and again you have the character 
of the writer before you. In writing of 
this kind you will also notice that the 
angles are well defined, giving you to under- 
stand that the writer has certain well de. 
fined points in his character. Among writ- 
ers of this class, you can now and then 
notice one, who through persistent training 
has acquired the habit of making the tops 
of some letters round, and almost invari- 
ably the bottoms of the letters receive the 
the same form. The round, bold hand, 
the narrow, contracted style, the widely 
extended style, the scattered page, each in- 
dicates marked points of character in the 
writer. You ask what I would say of the 
man who can readily imitate any and all 
kinds of handwriting. He is a man who 
can adapt himself to any class of society, 
with the same ease with which he imitates 
the writiug of others. I would be glad to 
hear the opinions of those older in experi- 
ence, both in teaching and observing the 
writing of others. E. A. Walker, 
Sec. Normal school, Moulton, Iowa. 

of instruction.— School Bulletin. 

Co nun dram. 
Who will hold the king club that wins 
the 310 cash premiam at the end of the 
present volume of the Journal, as an- 
nounced in the last number. 


Success and Failure in Penmanship. 

It has been well said that be is our friend 
wbo tells us of our faults, I therefore trust 
that the readers of the Journal will bear 
with me while I attempt to tell them some 
thing of what I have seen, and which I deem 
detrimental to the art that I have spent 
the best years of a lifetime in learning and 

We find that in order to have a broad, 
comprehensive view of the subject, that 
penmanship mnst be studied, not only one 
system, but a thorough study of the various 
systems, must be learned nud minutely 
compared. The many systems that we were 
compelled to learn, before the advent of 
the excellent Spencerian have ever had 
charms for us, although some of them have 
passed out of existence. The first system 
of penmanship which we practiced was 
Knapp and Rightmyers', which was then 
considered the best known, and well do I 
recollect with what feverish anxiety I 
awaited the first copy of Knapp and Right- 
myerV Penman's Paradise, which was then 
the moBt elaborate work, by all odds, on the 
subject that was to be found in the United 
States. The many systems that have since 
been presented to the public, each have 
their excellencies, among which are, 
Potter & Hammond's, Paysou, Dunton & 
Scribner's and various others too numerous 
to mention. The point I wish to make in 
this article is, that be that studies but one 
system is apt to be bigoted, andsometimes 
most stupidly and foolishly intolerant, 
which is apt to work mischief to the pro- 
fession, as he who has never ventured out 
of the sacred precincts of his father's door 
yard, is ofteu much more conceited, and 
puffed up with his own supposed know- 
ledge, than he who has been around the 
world, so have I ever found that those 
who knew nothing of more than one 
system of penmanship were ever ready 
to declare on every occasion, in season and 
out of season, that it originated from their 
matchless brain, and that they were persons 
of very little knowledge, and experi- 
ence on the Bubject That these verit- 
able know-nothings have worked un- 
told injury to the cause and profession, 
wherever the people happen to be cursed 
by their presence, is a fact that is well 
known. "While traveling and giving in- 
struction in penmanship in southern 
Wisconsin, in the latter part of 1864, in the 
town of D., I came upon one of these 
specimens. He had announced at the open- 
ing of his course of lessons that he would 
give a lecture to the people. I strolled into 
the school-house with the rest and took 
a seat. He seemed very much elated at 
the size of his audience, and launched 
forth in a torrent of Jim Crow grammar 
that I have never yet heard the equal of, 
nor do I ever expect, should I live to be 
as old as Methuselah, to hear the like 
again. Ever and anon a flood of tobacco 
juice poured forth from his mouth, and after 
a series of whoops, screeches, and the most 
intolerable harangue that I ever heard, he 
became somewhat exhausted, be drew him- 
Hi-lf up with great dignity, and said he 
would be pleased to answer any questions 
that might be asked him. Seeing that no 
one present had the courage to ask him 
anything, I volunteered a few questions ; 

1. Whose system do you teach ? Answer, 
His own of course. 

2. What is a straight line ? Could not 

3. "What is a curved line ? Could i 

About a half a dozen Rimilar questions 
were asked, and as no reply was given the 
audience naturally came to the conclusion 
that the orator of the day was fogged. He 
then indignantly declared, that these ques- 
tions bad nothing to ilo with penmanship, 
ami when thy questioti what is penmanship 
was asked, he was in greater perplexity 
uid grabbing his hat he stalked 
out declaring the whole audience, myself 

among the number, a dogoned pack of 
fools. That such ignoramuses have done 
almost incalcnable injury to the profession, 
is a fact; but of late years it has become 
apparent that no one, unless he is possessed 
of some education, is fit to teach the art 
of penmanship, and the failure of such 
mountebanks, is but conclusive proof. 
By far too many have attempted to 
teach penmanship and made a total fail 
ure for the lack of suitable knowl- 
edge of the subject. The possession 
of a good hand writing, which seems by 
many to be the Alpha and Omega of the 
whole business, is iu faot but a very small 
part of what must be known in order to 
make a successful teacher of the art. " Ex- 
perience teaches a very dear school, but 
fools will learn at no other," is a time hon- 
ored maxim, and we have always found 
that those that were puffed up with their 
own conceit were fully up to what the bible 
tells us of such persons. The fool is wiser in 
his own conceit, than seven men that can 
render a reason. One quality that will en- 
dear the teacher of penmanship to his 
pupils is modesty. Our most learned schol- 
ars, renowned statesmen, talented authors 

keep them under. They kept a missus for 
there school thure iu summer but always had 
to git me when all the big boys cum in fal 
and wiDter. I had that school 4 winters and 
left that part of the country and cum here 
becose I was deceaved by yankies out hers 
tellin me that I could git big pay at lumber- 
in. I have been at it 2 years now and made 
up my mind that I can do better in cauada. 
mv father sent me the nusepaper what has 
yore advertisement in and told me to tell 

you that you might ask bill d what lives 

in Bellvi'lle aud noze us about our family, 
been out of praktis & chopniu hard every 
day ol winter in the Mickhenry shanty at 
$2r> a tnuuth and now haven to right with a 
bad pen and paper on a old pine tabel you 
mnsiot think this is the best I kin do. 

When I waB in pracktis I was colled the 
best righter in Simco County aud in less 
than weak when I git the stifnessout of my 
hand I kin right as wel as ever, if I had 
good material. I wil pracktis up when I 
cum down there and in a muuth or 2 ile do 
same penmanship that you schools ill ol be 
proud of. mi biggest holt is teacben Tighten. 
mi skoolers in Simco County and I have 
gave private lesens to men in the shanty 
here who coudent right at ol and by mi way 
of explainin it in less than weak youd ol be 
surprised to see them rite. People wodent 
believe they learned in such short time. I 
kin do fhmchin to or letterin and drowiu, 
only I am a littel out pracktis now. ile gar- 
rente you a gcod job in your schools. If I 
dont give good sattisfackshun I dontask yon 
nothin when mi time is out. I am a power- 

.2-Z^-tl? A 


and best generals have almost universally 
been admired for their modesty, whereas 
on the other hand you will always find the 
most ignorant, foolish persons, the most 
conceited, pompous, overbearing, and in- 

The Schoolmaster Abroad.— He wants 
a Posit on. — He'll Teach Writing and 
Board Around. 

n, advertised in the Globe. In due t 
swers came, aud among the number 
b of which the following is a copy. 


Trustees Belleville Schools, 

Canada, Ontario 
Bear Sik,— I will teach the rightin in 
your schools what you advertise for in the 
globe nusepaper. I am a canadean by birth 
ami was ii teacher of a school in Simco 
County nud had a :id c'ass certiffikit befor 
that new law about schools cum out. My 
school was in the back part of the county 
where there was ihe hardist boys to mannage 
in the whole country, some of them so bitr 
that they wade 175 pouns and ugly 

ful Htrong man and keep good'order in any 
school. I way from l!tO to 196 pouns with- 
out being fat. 

Ill come for $300 a year and do nothin 
else or if youl get me a job as pealer on the 
street after school and saterdays by which 
I kin turn over an ouest peny ile cum for 
$2o0. do your teachers bored around, ef 
youl bored them ile work for $10 a munth. 

As I sadc before I dont like the work 
out here and wood rather teach rightin for 
haf the pay and I think you ot to give a 
prefernce to a canadean who woud like best 
to cum back to his own cnntry. He send 
out to the post office on the <ith of nex 
munth for your anser and hope ile get the 
job. ile practis up and be redy for you. 
youl Be by this mi hand hasent lost its cun- 
niu yet. If nobody has the job befor this 
gits to you do ol you kin for me, and ile 
give the best satisfaction or I dont ask you a 
sent, adress as folios. Francis George 
Smith for Makhenry's shanty. Flint P. O. 
Mn-higan, "0. S. 

On the back of & photograph which ac- 
companied the letter is the following: 

I thot best to send you my fotograf, you 
may kepe it til I come down. 

Note. — The photograph represents Fran- 
cis George as a youth of about 45 gentle 

the only i 

On his'head is a nobby Califor 
nia bat which sets him of to advantage. 
There is nothing attractive in the appear- 
ance of his coat, but his vest goes far to till 
that time what could I up that want, as it is very nobby and luoks 

as if it possessed all the colers of the rainbow 
or at least all the light shades, Francis 
George doesn't wear whiskers or a moustache. 
HiB soul revolts at the thought of such 
ornamentations. He is clean shaven, and 
as a consequence snows plenty of cheek, as 
instance the letter above. He has a large 
mouth and otherwise shows evidence of 
being a persistent chewer of tobacco. He 
looks very fierce, and we have no hesitation 
in endorsing bis statement that "he kin 
keep order in his school." Francis George 

nueh . 

he is not a correct speller, t bat's certain, and 
his "rightin" is not sufficiently clear, bold 
and distinct to lead us to think that he 
would be a success. We like to bear of men 
with lofty aspirations; we hie to hear of 
men who are capable uf tilling high positions, 
and we also like to bear of men who can 
polish off a wood pile aud sling a lively pen. 

' p.iSSHV 

his ''rightin " is susceptible 
ment. Still he might make a good pealet 
therefore we draw consolation from that 
In conclusion we might remark that it ii 
barely possible that Francis- George wil 
come here. — Belleville Intelligencer. 

Individuality of Writing. 

It is affirmed by experts in handwriting 
that a person is as easily and certainly 
recognized by his handwriting, as by his 
physiognomy, or figure ; this, in the case 
of adults, or persons of established habits, 
is to a large extent, undoubtedly true. 
From long practice, the mechanical act of 
writing becomes simply automatic, the 
hand, doing the work from the mere force 
of habit, while the mind is wholly absorbed 
with the subject matter being transcribed, 
this being the fact, letters, words, lines, 
and pages, take a certain peculiar form 
and character, which having become hab- 
itual with the writer, are unconsciously re- 
peated with a degree of certainty which is 
really astonishing to those who have had 
occasion to study and observe carefully, 
the peculiar characteristics of haudwnt- 

Peculiar habits are formed for begin- 
ing and ending letters and words, of com- 
binations, connecting hues, turns, curves, 
loops crossing of the t's, dotting the i's, &o., 
which once established by long practice 
cannot be immediately changed or avoid- 
ed, even with the utmost care and thought, 
sufficiently to escape recognition. It is an 
easy matter for a person to change or dis- 
guise his writing, in its general appearance. 
This may be done by simply reversing its 
slant, change of size, or degree of shade, 
and yet in all its minor details, which are 
habitual, and not the result of will or 
thought, the writing remains essentially the 
same, and would be as certainly recognized, 
when analyzed by a real expert, as would the 
writer himself by his intimate acquaint- 
ances, after having attempted to disguise 
his own person by a change of costume and 
distortion of bis face. 

The only instances we have known 
where persons have successfully concealed 
their identity, while writing at any length, 
has been where there was an entire change 
in the mechanical construction of the let- 
ters, as by carefully printing each letter 
separately after the form of type, thus 
depriving them of their character as writ- 

Use Black Ink ! 


wheu you prepare specimens for the 
Journal. Of the multitude of specimens 
received, not one in fifty can be repro- 
duced on account of the inferior quality of 
the ink. Many who take special pains, 
and execute their best work, that which 
we should be pleased to publish, fail 
utterly from the bad quality of their ink. 
This is frequently the case with those who 
use India ink, which comes from its poor 
quality, or want of knowledge or care in 
its preparation. It must be of good quality, 
and freshly ground in a tray— not dissolved. 
For more detailed information, refer to 
No. 3 of the Journal. 


bound m , r i 

■■■■I ■ [8, I'M' t 

Hl.llMIV. HOD Y'Tll 

? JOU11NAI.. 

j dlsHnoUy. 


They Know its Worth. 
Th. ii are now verv few really superior 
penmen in the United Statu or Canada 
who are aol regular snbsorlben to the 
Joubnal We have observed with pride 
and Btttiflfaotiou that those who are in the 
front rauk of skilful penmen hare been 
tin* first to oome forward with their sab- 

M.-i ipti. .n-i. ci nit l'iliu turns, and n \<: .11 rage- 

menl to the Joubhal. The same good 
judgment, keen discernment, end prompt 
notion that has distinguished them iw repre- 
sentative teaobers, enabled them tn per- 
oaiTS at a glance the advantage to be de- 
rived from such a class periodica] as the 
J01 rhal. If it Es thus valuable to aakil- 
ful penman, it is doubly so to those less 
experienced either as teachers or pupils, 
because of their greater need of the in- 
struction, information and examples it will 
furnish, and which will enable them to 
advance much more rapidly and oerlainly 
to the mastery of the art of writing. 

Wi believe that the Jodbhax will be a 
mosl powerful agent for impti 
men and advancing the standard of the 
profen ion, not because of an) superior 
wisdom on the part ol its editors, 1 nl by 
being a grand vehicle for thi 
and interoommuniaation of the thoughts 
and experiences of our master penmen. 
The strong will thus beoome even stronger, 
while helping forward and upward their 
younger and less experienced brothers. 


It would afford ub great pleasnre to send 
specimens of our penmanship in exchange 
for those sent to the Journal, and to the 
numerous other applicants tor the same, 
were it possible to do so and not neglect 
the Journal and other imperative bnsiness 

To prepare such specimens, to do us 
jostice or honor, considerable time must 
be devoted to each, sufficient in view of 
the number of such applications, to con- 
sume onr entire time, we should then grat- 
ify only n comparatively few of our readers, 
while the Journal would go begging for 
editorials and illustrations, its editor into 
bankruptcy, and its numerous readers into 
mourning for the loss of " the best pen- 
man's paper ever published," We shall 
ever do our best to present libera] and 
attractive specimens of our "wonderful 
genius,'" through the columns of the Jour- 
nal, preferring thereby, to work for the 
multitude rather than the few. 

Business Colleges. 
It affords us much pleasure to note the 
favorable reports that reach us from all 
directions of the prosperity of these de- 
serving institutions. Properly conducted, 
there is no class of schools that deserve 
more at the hands of the public than they 
do. The course of instruction is practien] 
and concise. Of the duty and importance 
of commercial colleges, we shall endeavor 
to give our views more fully in some futuie 

We have received a large number of 
circulars, papers and catalogues, from 
schools and colleges, some giving evidence 
of no little lit >rary taste and ability, which 
we should be pleased to notice appro- 
priately, but our space is so occupied in 
the presenl number that we are obliged to 
defer such notice. 

How to Practice Writing. 
e remember having heard the remark, 
and possibly some of our readers may have 
d 'he same, that " practice makes per- 
fect," but, as a rule, we believe it has mi- 
ius exceptions. We have known many 
of the most inveterate seribhlers who 
■ver hecanie oven reputable writers. It 
not the amount of practice hut the kind, 
that determines the degree of improvement. 
The hand, however much exercised, can 
aver acquire skill to execute beyond the 
power of the mind to conceive and direct. 
It is therefore study and thought which 
parts the power for well-directed prac- 
tice, which alone gives skill and perfec- 

The pupil must study carefully the forms 

id constructions of the letters, preciscly 

a mechanic would study the mechanism 

any structure he was about to make. 

He should analyze carefully the letters and 

familiarize himself with their correct forms, 

given in some of the leading published 

dems of writing. 

Many writers fail to become skilful from 
Practicing upon too great a variety of 
s of letters. A "Jack of many trades," 
though a genius with great capabilities, is 
unskilful because of the division of his 
practice and thought between many things. 
Our masters are men of specialties. 

A certain single form should be selected 
for each letter, and it should be invariably 
made. The eye will thus become familiar 

th its form, and the hand, from its fre- 
quent practice, will become skilful in its 

Much time is wasted in careless practice; 

■> pupil should allow himself to ever make 

letter carelessly. Such practice instead 
of helping to improve writing would soon 
rniu thai of the best writer living. 

After having written a word, examine it 
and ascertain, if possible, wherein it fails 
of coming to your standard of perfection. 
Having discovered its fault, you can effect- 
ively strive tor its correction. 

Care should also be had to maintain the 

proper position of the body and hand, as 
well as to secure and maintain the proper 

Ames' Compendium of Practical and 
Ornamental Penmanship. 

This work, the preparation of which was 
commenced about two years since, is now 
nearlv complete. The last pages will be 
in the hands of the printer before the 10th 
inst. Copies will be ready for sale on the 
1st of December next. It has been our 
determination, and no labor has been 
spared, to make this the most practical, 
artistic and comprehensive work upon the 
art of penmanship ever published. It will 
consist of forty-eight 11x14 plates, com- 
prising more than twenty complete alpha- 
bets, with numerous elaborate and artistic 
designs for engrossed resolutions, memo- 
rials, certificates, book-marking, title-pages, 
monograms, borders, cards, miscellaneous 
designs for drawing and flourishing, fte. 
Works hitherto published have been limited 
to giving alphabets and a few simple de- 
signs for flourishing and lettering. The 
giving of large and elaborate pages uf 
practical designs for lettering and scrolling 
has tieen entirely impracticable by the old 
methods of engraving and printing, on 
account of their great expense. In the 
Compendium there are many pages, each 
of which to have engraved by any of the 
old processes, would cost many hundred 
dollars, a sum equal to the cost of engraving 
all that is embraced in any one of the 
former publications upon penmanship. To 
thus engrave our entire work would cost 
ronuy thousands of dollars, a sum so 
large as to be quite unwarranted by the 
probable demand for any such specialty. 

Another great disadvantage of the works 
produced by the old methods has been 
that copy was so modified and perfected 
by the engraver as to often reflect more his 
skill than that of the original artist, and 
the pupil was in doubt as to the real skill 
of the reputed author. 

Bv onr new photographic method of re- 
production, the print cannot possibly be 
otherwise, except in size, than as made bv 
the original artist. It must be a facsimile 
of the original, nod the learner will have 
the satisfaction of knowing that the copy 
came originally from the pen precisely as 
he beholds it printed in the book, and that 
it is therefore practical for him to repro- 
duce the samp with a pen. This advan- 
tage we believe to greatly overbalance any 
consideration from the greater degree of 
perfection that might result from the old 
process of engraving. But this is not the 
only consideration in its favor. The fact 
that we transfer and print the most elabo- 
rate designs, at the same cost as the most 
simple, has enabled us to multiply and 
elaborate designs in all the departments of 
ornamental penmanship to an extent that 
would ntterly appal any engraver were he 
to attempt their reproduction on stone or 
metal, while the expense incurred would 
be sufficiently enormous to debar any pub- 
lisher from undertaking its publication. 

We believe that this work will more fully 
meet the wants of all classes of penmen 
than any other book ever published. 
Indeed, it will be found to be more than a 
summary of all the works heretofore pub- 
lished pertaining to ornamental penman 
Ship. Copies bound in cloth will be sold 
at our office for 85 ; bound in part 
leather and gilt. 87.50, o» sent by mail 
post-paid, to any address, on receipt of 
price. We are now ready to receive 
orders, whieh will be filled in the order of 
their receipt. The 85 copy will also be 
mailed free as a premium to any person 
who shall send a club of twelve subscri- 
bers, inclosing 812, to the Journal. The 
87.50 copv will be mailed on receipt of a 
club of eighteen snbseribers and 818. 
All remittances should lie bv post-office 
order or by registered letter, and plainly 
addressed to The Penman's Art Journal, 
205 Broadway, New York. 

Snot-ess in nny calling is the result of a 
man's love of and belief in the work he has 
undertaken. Earnest am) conscientious labor 
often accomplishes more, in the end. than 
brilliant genius. 

Letter Writing. 

To be an accomplished letter writer is a 
most enviable attainment, and when united 
with an elegant handwriting, it becomes 
often the key to success. 

To the man of business, it is invaluable. 
To the young man seeking employment, it 
is often the ready passport to position and 

Although we do not ourselves boast of 
special accomplishment in that direction, 
we venture to offer a few suggestions which 
may be of value to some of our younger 
and less experienced readers and corres- 

First of all, have care iu selecting ma- 
terials ; see that they are good, and that 
the paper and envelops are of the proper 
relative proportion. If the ordinary sized 
letter sheet is chosen, the envelops to 
accompany it should be certainly less thau 
one-half its length, so as to require but one 
fold lengthwise to two sidewise. If a note 
sheet is to be used, see that its width is 
slightly less than the length of your en- 
velop, and that its length does not exceed 
three timet, the width of the envelop, in 
order that the paper shall not require more 
than two folds. 

Begin your letter by writing the name of 
your place and date near the top of the 
sheet to the right of its center ; write the 
name and proper title of the person ad- 
dressed a little below the date to the left 
of the center. Begin yonr letter without 
a preamble or apology by announcing with 
the utmost brevity your bnsiness or object ; 
or, if you write in answer to a communica- 
tion, by an acknowledgment of its receipt, 
followed with a concise answer and brief 
statement of any other business or matter 
concerning which you may wish to write. 
Write no line or word not strictly impor- 
tant or pertaining to the subject or busi- 
ness about which you write. Close your 
letter by adding your name and address 
entire aud distinct. 

Mauy of our correspondents are unan- 
swered from their omission to give their 
post-office address, and not uufrequeutly 
their name. Quantities of letters daily go 
astray and to the dead letter office through 
some oversight or mistake of the writers, 
nearly all of which would, with a little 
more knowledge or care on the part of the 
writers, have gone promptly to their proper 
destination. Great care should be taken 
to superscribe letters legibly and correctly. 

We shall endeavor to give moro detailed 
information, with illustrations, upon this 
subject, in our future issues. 

Send Items of Interest. 
Peumen throughout the country are re- 
quested to forward to the Journal such 
items and thoughts as they may have, 
which would be of interest or value to the 
renders of the Journal. 

L. Asire is teaching large classes at 
Northfield, Minn. 

I. S. Preston is teaching a large class at 
Middletown, N. Y. 

Jas. A. C'ougdon is hming good success 
teaching writing in Maryland. 

John R. Scott, one of the most accom- 
plished penman of the West, is now per- 
manently located at St. Louis, Mo. 

Annie E. Hill, teacher of writing at 
Williston Seminary, Mass., writes a hand- 
some and highly complimentary letter to 
the Journal, which gives evidence alike of 
her skill and good judgment. 

G. A. Rathburn, of Omaha (Neb.) Busi- 
ness College, has associated with him one 
of his former graduates, Will. Sander. 
Prof. It. is an energetic manager and a 
skilful penman, and is enjoying a good 
degree of success. 


Thos. Powers, Fort Wayne Business Col 
lege, Iod., incloses a specimen of his plair 
writing, which i>. r- ( >rrect in form and practi- 
cal, without evincing au effort for displa' 

Answers to 


P. W. H. W., St, Louis, Mo.— The 
copies of Goskell's Complete Compendium, 
Ac . are engraved on torn 

E. H. C, New Orleans, La.— We can 
supply a few more of all the back numbers 
of the Journal except No. 1. 

E. A. G., Galva, 111 .— p. R. Spencer, 
Br., was bom at Pishkill, N. Y., in the 
year 1800. and died at his home in Geneva, 
Ohio, in 1804. 

R. M. B., St. Charles, Mich.— Your 
writing is very creditable for one out of 
practice. You evidently have a good move- 
ment, and with caref-il practice and the 
proper criticism of your writing, you would 
soon write an excellent hand. 

C. D. B., Rochester.— The proper tuition 
for twenty lessons in writing would vary 
according to locality, size of class, ex- 
perience of the teacher, &c, from 82.50 
to $5. A quite common and reasona- 
ble charge is S3, 

E. A. G., Priuceville.— The Greek Ian 
guage is written from left to right. The 
Chinese is written in columns from top to 
bottom. We should advise the acquisition 
of a good plain hand before commencing 
ornamental penmanship. 

A. F., Napauee, Ont.— We have not 
the time to prepare specimens to send by 
mail. The great labor required for the 
preparation of copy for our forthcoming 
work upon ornamental penmanship, the 
Journal, and other necessary business, 
taxes our time and vnergy to the utmost. 

R. T. S-, Hamilton, O.— You write a 
very excellent hand ; less shade would 
enable you to write with greater ease and 
rapidity. You can send the names of sub- 
scribers and receive credit upon our books, 
and when you have sent a sufficient num- 
ber for the premium yon desire, it will be 
forwarded to your order. 

F. B. D., Dansville, N. Y.— It is not 
probably a custom to call a roll in writing 
classes, yet we think it advisable to do so, 
from the fact that by so doing a more 
punctual attendance would be secured, 
and hence more satisfactory results ob- 
tained. It is well to issue tickets of ad- 
mission to pupils, yet this is not a custom 
among writing teachers. Your cards and 
letter a<-e well writteu. You need to give 
special attention to the uniformity of your 
writing ; it is your weak point. 

G. W. B. ( St. Charles, Mich.— Your 
writing is very creditable for one having 
had no instruction, but it abounds too 
much in superfluities, and hicks the proper 
proportions between the capitals and small 

J. H. R., Norwich, N. Y.— Ames' Com- 
pendium of Ornamental Penmanship will 
be ready for sale on December 1st A 
copy bound in cloth (price $5) will be 
given as a premium for twelve subscribers 
to The Penman's Akt Journal and $12 ; 
in gilt (price 87.50) will be given for 
eighteen subscribers and JIB, Every sub- 
scriber, whether one of a club or single, 
will re( eive a copy of the Williams master- 
piece with the first number of Journal 
sent. You can forward the names of 
subscribers, with subscription, as fast as 
secured, and receive the premium when 
the requisite number of names are received. 

Wright's Carmine Ink. 

We invite the attention of teachers of 
book-keeping and others to the advertise- 
ment of this deservedly popular ink in 
another column, having ourselves used it 
for many years past. We know that where 
a good ink is desired it will give full satis- 

M. E. Bennett. Herreck Center, Pa., 
sends a skilfully executed piece of off- 
hand flourishing. 

Chas. D. Bigelow, Rochester (N. Y.) 
Business University, sends attractive speci- 
mens of lettering and card writing. 
/* W. W. McClelland, Allegheny (Pa.) 
Business College, writes a very handsome 
letter, inclosing some fine specimens of 
card writing. 

B. L. Saum, of the Burlington (Iowa) 
Business College, incloses specimens of off- 
hand writing and flourishing, executed in 
his usual excellent style. 

George W. Chambers, Pleasant Unity, 
Pa., gives evidence of considerable skill 
in the use of the pen, in a finely written 
letter, and fine card specimens. 

I. 0. Mnlkins, Evansville, Ind., sends a 
very attractive design of drawing, flourish- 
ing and lettering, which has been accepted 
for publication in the Compendium. 

A. H. Hiuman, Pottaville, Pa., has for- 
warded a superior specimen, embracing 
writing, flourishing and drawing, which 
has been accepted for publication in the 

Hector McKay, jr., Humber, Ontario, 
sends a very handsome flourished and let- 

received. A copy of the swan is given on 
another page. 

John McCarthy, who is a clerk in the 
War department at Washington, D. C, 
and a former pupil of H. C. Spencer, 
sends an elegantly written letter, inclosing 
several finely written cards ; also sends a 
photo of an engrossed set of resolutions, 
which show that the original was a very 
creditable piece of work. 

E. L. Burnett, Elmira, N. Y„ incloses 
a package of slips, giving specimens of 
writing and flourishing, all well executed, 
and with more than ordinary facility of 
movement. He also incloses specimens 
from his pupils, which are very creditable, 
especially those by Masters Coykeuddall 
and Hubbell. 

K. B. Montgomery, penman at Soule's 
Business College, New Orleans, sends a 
highly artistic specimen, 18x23 inches in 
size, intitled, "A Tribute to Piatt R, 
Spencer, Founder of the Spencerian Sys- 
tem of Penmanship." It is composed of 
scrolling, lettering, writing and drawing. 
In the center is a very finely executed pen- 
portrait of Father Spencer. As a whole, 
it is a masterly piece of work, and reflects 
great honor upon its author. The work is 
forwarded ns a contribution to the Com- 
pendium, for which it has been accepted. 

Persons wishing to get their money's 
worth in carpets or oil-cloths will realize 
most fully auy reasonable wish by patroniz- 
ing the Misfit Carpet Store, 112 Fulton 
street. We speak from experience. 

A Rare and Special Premium 

We shall continue to send a copy of the 
John D. Williams master-piece, which was 
fully described in our May issue, to each 
new subscriber, until further notice. It 
receives the most flattering praise from all 
who have seen it. 

Professor S. S. Packard: I am sure 
that whoever possesses this fiue work can 
honestly claim to have the most perfect 
and elaborate specimen of off hand flour- 
ishing yet produced. 

Professor B. F. Eelley says it is a model 
in all respects to be imitated, but not ex- 

Professor J. B. Lansley : I am aston- 
ished that even Williams could have pro- 
duced anything so near perfection. 

Tfie College TeU-Tale: It is the finest 
piece of lettering and flourishing that Mr. 
Williams ever did, and is considered by 
penmen as wholly unexcelled. The re- 
production is the finest specimen of photo- 
lithography we have ever seen. 
0. H. Wilkhis, Manchester, N. H. : 

" I am delighted with it." 
FT. K. Hoslelter, Sterling, HI. : 

"I am highly pleased with it ; it should 
be iu the hands of every lover of pen art." 
HarJcn$8s' Magazine, Wilmington, Del: 

" It is a most beautiful specimen of pen- 
manship, delightful to behold." 
0. E. Carrier, Vandalia, Mich. : 

" It is a wonder to all." 

^ ■'■"■ Hfit lb til* 1 

tered design for an album, whioh we 
intend to present in some future number 
of the Journal. 

L. Madarnsz is practicing writing at the 
Rochester Business University. His letters 
are amoug the most attractive we receive, 
being unexcelled in ease and grace of 
movement. He also writes a handsome 

J. Ciigle, penman at Moore's Southern 
Business College, Atlanta, Ga., sends an ele- 
gantly writteu letter, in which are iuclosed 
some beautiful specimens of off- hand 
flourishing and writing. Mr. C. is one 
of our most graceful and accomplished 

We have received an elegant specimen 
of flourishing and writing, the joint work 
of T. J. Bryant, St. Joseph, Mo„ and the 
penman of his college, T. C. Chapman. 
It does them both great honor as skilful 
penmen. We shall probably ^ive it a place 
in the next issue of the Journal. 

I. S. Preston, of Brooklyn, has handed 
us several specimens of off-hand flourish- 
ing that are among the most masterly we 
have received. They consist of several 
stylos of birds, an eagle and swan. They 
are intended as a contribution to the com- 
pendium for which they have been ac- 

J. M. Crawford, Union Business Col- 
lege, West Unity, Ohio, a recent graduate 
of Prof. Cowley, of Pittsburgh, Pa., is an 
accomplished penman, as shown by an 
elegantly written letter and splendidly 
flourished swan, which we have recently 

The specimen of drawing and lettering 
given upon this page was executed by Mr. 
Charles Rollinson, who has been an able 
assistant in our studio during some two 
years past. He is a skilful and promising 
young artist, being in his twentieth year, 
He recently executed a very artistic and 
beautiful piece, 28x30 inches, containing 
nine opeuings for the photographs of his 
parents and their family, which was a very 
appropriate present for the 
their silver wedding. 

Bell's Transparent Teaching Card 
Is not only an ingenious novelty, but of 
real practical aid to the child while learn- 
ing the first lessons iu reading and spelling. 
Upon the top of a card is printed a letter 
of the alphabet ; at the bottom a name of 
some familiar animal or object of whioh 
the letter is the initial, and for which the 
letter is said to stand, while the entire cen- 
tral part of the card is apparently blank 
until it is held to the window or light, when, 
to the great surprise and delight of the 
child a fine picture of the animal or object 
named appears plainly in the blauk space 
upon the card. No teacher or parent who 
desires to teach the child his first lessons 
can afford to do so without the aid of these 
cards. For terms, Ac, see advertisement 
on another page. 

Persons wishing correct, systematic and 
cheap copies for teaching or practising 
writing should inclose ten cents to the 
Journal for a specimen sheet containing a 
complete series of most perfect and beauti- 
ful copy slips. 

Not Responsible. 

It should be distinctly understood that 
tho editor of the Journal is not to be 
held as indorsing anythiug outside of its 
editorial columns ; all communications, 
not objectional in their character, or devoid 
of interest or merit, are received and 
I ml >1 ished ; if any person differs, the columns 
are equally open to him to say so and tell 

We are a few days behind time with the 
present issue. Our printer has been mov- 
ing. He makes fair promises for the 
future — therefore please excuse him. 

Although the Journal has attained to a 
large circulation, which is rapidly increas- 
ing, yet it is not so large by far as it ought 
to be, and we earnestly invite every pen- 
man and subscriber to consider himself our 
agent, and exert his influence to extend its 
circulation. We believe that all penmen 
and persons interested in penmanship 
earnestly desire the permanent success ot 
the Journal. Let them bear in mind that 
it is only through their aid and support 

i be i 

Persons desiring ("on^don's hooks on 
lettering and flourishing, are requested to 
send their orders direct to the Art Jour- 
nal. For terms see our penman's supply 
list. Special rates to the trade. 

All the back numbers of the Journal 
except No. 1. can be supplied to a few 
more subscribers. 



Copy Slips tor Courses of Writing 

Onr experience in teaching writing has 
been, that the beat method wu to nse 
copies carefully prepared npon movable 
slips of paper, mm In enable the pupil 
not only to keep his copy in close proximity 
i while writing, bnt to conceal 
his own lines of practice from view by 
placing the slip over them. He thus avoids 
the almost universal evil with pupils of 
having a stationary copy, of soon losing 
fright of it altogether, and simply follow- 
ing the lines written, nearer the pen, by 

The writing of such copy slips for the 
use of large classes involves much time 
and labor. We have therefore arranged a 
set of copies especially adapted for the use 
Of teachers giving courses of lessons, 
which have been carefully and excellently 
engraved by Mr. James McLees, and can 
be supplied at a price so low that all 
teachers who approve of their style and 
plan can certainly afford their use. We 
believe that short exercises for each 

Iewton, carefully analyzed and explained 
by the teacher at the black-board, while 
the uniting of each pupil is skilfully eriti- 
otaed during the season of practice, it* 
maoh preferable to full line copies. By 
thne dwelling specially upon a few letters, 
the skilful teacher is enabled to impress 
much more indi-llibly upon the minds of 
his pupils the correct forms of letters, 
while i !"■ pupil, l',v endb practice, acquires 
much greater and more permanent skill in 
Hi. 'ir execution. 

Wo believe also, that letters should be 

taught in olaaeee or groups, • mbracing 
those n hioh are most Bimilax to each other 

in form and eonxtruclion, afl for instance, 

beginning with the first principal letters. 
Having analyzed and practiced for a sea- 
son upon the principle, we add the neces- 
sary line to convert it into an A, after 

pnipi'vly pimli in ( . wlurli, we add another 

inn- and ohange it mi ff", this to the 

,(/ These letters constitute one class or 

group, whioh may I ailed group one. 

We Hi. ii add to the stem a top and con- 
vert .t into i. T, which we simply cross for 
an F. In this manner we go through the 
alphnbi t. oonatru ting the letters in the 
Bimplest and most practical manner possi- 
ble, and by methods so ingenious and 
striking as to leave a strong and lasting 

impression upon the mind of the learner. 

It is to meet this view anil plan of teach- 
ing that we have arranged our course of 

copies preceding the series, with a few 

appropriate exercises for movements, the 

principles, and three monograms, saoh em> 
■ letters formed from a principle, 

Wc present us copy number one an exer- 
cise beginning with the capita] A, followed 
by one beginning with N. that by M, &c, 
through the alphabet, thus presenting the 
Letters in several groups which are most 
similar in form and method of construc- 
tion. Bach exercise is numbered in the 

order in which it should be practiced, the 

numerals being considered a part of the 
copy for praotios 

The entire course of slips are nrranged 
In too swnes saoh, numbered from one to 
twtnfy, the first of whioh, or group series, 
is designed to be written down the page 
in columns, occupying one-fourth of tin- 
width of a page of foolscap paper. 

In the second series t he slips are arranged 
iu half line copies, iu alphabetical order. 

The two Beries mag be used together for a 
single couneof twenty lessons, or sepa- 
rately for a longer or second course. If 
used together, the slips of the first series 
should be used for the first half of alesson, 
and the corresponding number of the 
second series for the latter half of the 
lesson, When the time allowed f..r prno- 
aot exceed one-half or three- 
tourths of an hour, we should advise using 
only one slip (or a lesson j 0] even in per- 
manenl writi . id i ommercial 

colleges having teachers sufficiently skil- 
fid to maintain the interest and secure 

faithful practice throughout a lesson, we 
believe a single slip will be much the most 
fruitful of good results. The more skilful 
and thorough the teacher, the more limited 
will be the extent and variety of practice 
for each lesson. Not how much, but how 
well will he his motto. 

These copies are printed in sheets con- 
venient for cutting into slips for the use of 
classes. Specimen sheets, embracing both 
series, sent to any address on receipt of 
ten cents. For further terms, see list of 
penmen's supplies in another column. 

A set of these slips will be of great aid 
to any person endeavoring to improve their 
writing without the aid of a teacher. 


In the methods of instruction in all 
branches of learning there is observable at 
the present day a wide improvement. The 
farmer no longer turns the same furrow in 
the ground that his ancestors did ; he 
turns a much broader, deeper and smoother 
one. So the progressive instructor is not 
content to place the seeds of knowledge in 
the minds of his pupils in the same way 
that his forefathers did. He is ever seek- 
ing to make improvements, to lead the 
youthful miud along new and broader and 
clearer lines of thought, to simplify truths 
and processes, and to adopt such classifica- 
tion in every department of knowledge as 
shall best guide the student in his study 
and investigations. 

We have been led to make the above re- 
marks by our examination of a recently 
published "Manual of Rules and Defini- 
tions fur use in Double-Entry Book-keep 
iug," by Mr. H. C. Wright, of Brooklyn. 
In this valuable work Mr. Wright has 
taken a new step in teaching this branch 
of commercial education, which is a Btep 
towards simplicity and ease of acquisition. 

The change is iu the manner of classify- 
ing accounts. He discards entirely the 
use of representative terms for classifica- 
tion, holding that these are irrational in 
themselves, and that they can be replaced 
by a better method. 

The practical accountant looks for two 
results— losses and gains, and resources 
and liabilities. All accounts representing 
gains and losses are of the same nature, 
and so Mr. Wright puts these under one 
head, which he calls Class I. Likewise, 
accounts showing resources and liabilities 
are of the same nature, and he puts these 
under auother head, which he calls Class 
LT. He theu instructs his pupils fully as 
to the nature of each account in the 
ledger, explaining what it is debited for, 
and what it is credited for, and what the 
balance must necessarily show. This done, 
the student is directed to balance all ac- 
couuts belonging to Class I into loss and 
gain account, and all accounts belonging to 
Class II into " balance account," when the 
one will show the gains and losses of the 
business and the accounts that produced 
them, and the other the resources aud lia- 
bilities, aud their kind. 

The chief reason of adopting these 
ames of Class I and Class II is that by 
lieir use no confusion need arise in the 
liud of the learner from a variety of 
omenclature, which necessarily follows 
nv elossitieation based 01 

The 8th and 9th pages of the Manual 
are devoted to the method of taking a 
trial balance and closing the ledger. 
These contain the most concise and ex- 
plicit iustruetions on these points that we 
have ever seen. It is well nigh impossible 
for a student to go astray while following 
these instructions. But it is not the stu- 
dent alone who will be benefited by these 
directions. The assistant book-keeper or 
the young accountant will find in them the 
needed guidance that will carry him safely 
through the long-dreaded work of closing 
the ledger. 

In another column will be found a letter 
from Mr. Wright, taking us to task for call- 
ing public attention to his Manual, which 
he intended, he says, for his own school. 
He may blame us still more for this article. 

If Mr. Wright will keep contentedly 
along in the beaten track, and not give to 
his pupils or the world any thing new, we 
will promise not to bring him again before 
our readers. 

Writing and Writing Materials. 

Pictures were undoubtedly the first essay 
toward writing. The most ancient remains 
of writing which have been transmitted to 
us are upon hard substances, such as stone 
and metals. Athotes is said to have written 
the history of the Egyptians, and to have 
been the author of hieroglyphics 2112 
B. «C. Writing was practiced by the 
Phoenicians as early as 1494 B. 0., and 
subsequently introduced by them into 

Papyrus, a species of reed, was used to 
write upon in Egypt and India until about 
190 B. C, at which period parchment was 
extensively used. 

Paper was invented in China 170 B. C. , 
aud was first made in England about 1590, 
A. D. The first paper mill erected in Eng- 
land for its manufacture was in the year 
1807. Previously it was made by hand, 
which was a slow and tedious process. 

The ancient black inks were made of 
soot and ivory black. Vitruvius and Pliny 
mention lamp-black. Red ink was made 
from vermilion and various kinds of gum. 
Indian ink was used in China and early 
imported into Europe, and is composed of 
fine black and animal glue. The pen or 
instrument used for writing was, upon stone 
or metalic plates, fine pointed steel gravers, 
which were referred to by Job in speaking 
of an "iron pen." For the waxen tablets 
of the ancients a metalic stylus was used, 
one end of which was sharpened for mark- 
ing, and the other was flattened for erasing 
or smoothing the wax. Pens of reeds also 
were made at a very early period to write 
with fluid ink upon papyrus. The reed 
used for this purpose were small and hard, 

about the size of a swan's quill. It was 
found in Egypt and Armenia. 

With the introduction of paper and the 
finer materials upon which to write, finer 
points were desired, when the quills of the 
goose and swan were used. Subsequently, 
iu the year 1805, Mr. Wise, an Englishman 
began the manufacture of pens from steel. 
In 1822, the celebrated steel pen manufac- 
turer, Joseph Gillott, began the man 
ture of steel pens. It is said that there 
are now annually manufactured in Birming- 
ham, England, 1,000,000,000 steel pens. 

Within a few years several steel pen 
factories have been established iu the 
United States, which are attaining to 
celebrity for the quantity and excellent 
quality of their pens, foremost among which 
is that of the Messrs. Esterbrook, whose ex- 
tensive works established at Camden, N. J., 
near Philadelphia, in 1858, now give em- 
ployment to about three hundred hands, 
aud manufacture immense quantities and 
a great variety of pens, graded from very 
fine to very coarse, thus adapting them to 
the varied demands of the public. 

Pens are also extensively made from 
gold, and to give them durability they are 
pointed with a very hard metalic substance 
called iridium, sometimes falsely called 
diamond. Gold possesses a very great 
advantage over steel by being unaffected 
by the acids corn p. >sni- the inks which very- 
soon destroy a steel pen. Steel pens are, 
however, almost exclusively used among 
skilful and professional writers, and largely 
in the office and counting-room. 


Prof, David Stanton, who has tor many 
years been a prominent pen artist in New 
York, died on the 7th day of October, at 
his residence in St. Marks Place, of apo- 
plexy. He was in the 46th year of his 
age. For several years past. Prof. Stanton 
devoted his time almost exclusively to the 
engrossing of resolutions, memorials, &c. 
We believe he continued teaching to some 
extent in private schools until the time of 
his death. Prof. Stanton was a very skil- 
ful artist, and worked with unusual facility. 
In his chosen department he had few 

Old Fashion Round Hand. 

Geo. Stimpson, jr., the veteran round 
band writer and famous expert on hand- 
writing, will treat the readers of the Jouk- 
nal to a specimen of his skill by writing 
upon the wrappers of the present issue. 

J. W. H. Wiesehahun, of St. Louis, 
Mo., whose fine specimens of penmanship 
attracted so much attention in the hall of 
the Art Gallery at the Centennial, con- 
templates disposing of his Centennial ex- 
hibit, together with six other cases of his 
work, by a grand raffle. This would pre- 
sent a fine opportunity for lovers of the 
art to secure some fine specimens of pen- 

The Italian alphabet given on this page 
is copied from the Williams & Packard 
Gems, and is a fac-simile from John D. 
Williams' flourishing , 


Editor of the Penman's Journal: 

Dear Ames: You editors beat every- 
thing at blowiug. Patterson's iron bellows, 
whi^b have recently been patented, it is 
claimed by the patentee, give a more 
forcible and continuous blast with leas 
labor than any other bellows extant, but 
give me an editor of a monthly or a re- 
ligions papei for a real Simon-pure blast — 
a real genuine thing — a tornado, in fact. 
There are no bellows invented that can hold 
a caudle to them. Then, too, the ease 
with which they can get up a blast ; why, 
it is marvelous to contemplate. If I were 
fitting up a machine shop, I should employ 
editors for bellows. They are good labor- 
saving machines. 

Now, sir, I remember well when you- 
were the proprietor of an extensive, and 
I thought, model business school in the 
city of Syracuse, and I had no idea when you 
became editor of The Penman's Art Jour- 
nal that you would be so extravagant in 
your language. Business college proprie- 
tors are generally modest in this respect, 
aad I certainly hoped for the extreme of 
modesty in your case, after so many years 
of experience, but alas for human nature ! 
It is well she is put in the feminine gender. 
In your October number you extol the 
virtues of my little Manual of Book-keep- 
ing Rules, and that, too, without my per- 
mission or knowledge. I suppose you 
meant kindly, and intended to do me a 
great favor. "Well, for the intention, I 
thank you from the bottom of my heart. 
But to be honest, the secrets of that little 
Manual were only iutended to enliven the 
precincts of my own school. I never 
claimed, nor even thought that it bad any 
virtue for the outside world, and you can 
imagine my chagrin when I read your 
notice of it. I had had some experience 
of a former notice, which appeared 
Brooklyn Daily Times, and I surmised 
what would follow a notice in your exten- 
sively circulated Journal. Over one hun 
dred replies have come from various parts 
of the country, and the mail still brings to 
me daily the query, ' ' What is the price of 
your Manual of Rules and Definitions, for 
use in double-entry book-keeping, as pei 
notice in The Penman's Art Journal." 

Now, it is to answer these queries, and 
compliment you on your extensive circula- 
tion, and the virtue of your Journal as ac 
advertising medium, that I upbraid you 
in this manner. So you see I really 
you good and not barm. Inclosed 
advertisement of the Manual. If your 
readers will have it, let them plank along 
their twelve cents, and blame you if it 
don't come up to their expectations. 

Tours truly, H. C. 
P. S. — At a future date I will tell you 
of my troubles about those signatures. I 
am in hot water. Five hundred corres- 
pondents have read every one of them 
with perfect ease. What a fool I made of 
myself. Then, too, I am threatened with 
two libel suits. I have received pictures of 
cross bones and coffins, and been called — 
oh such hard names. Then, as if to add 
insult to injury, one fellow writes to know 
if the whole thing was not a joke, and 
that I made it up. What is this world 
coming to ? H. o. w. 

Prtnoevillk, III., Oct. 17. 1877. 
Editor Penman's Art Journal. 

Dear Sib : In several of your issues a 
correspondent strongly advocates charging 
high prices for lessons in penmanship, 
would like to ask him if lie contends that 
it is always the best way to do so. In his 
writings I have seeu un provisions whatever 
mentioned. If he thinks it is always the 
best way, I most humbly beg leave to differ 
with him ; for, in small places, were 
teacheis iO charge as he advocates, they 

would not get scholars enough to pay their j 
board ; whereas, if they charged a moderate 
i, a good school would be the conse- 
ce. But on the other hand, the same 
teacher might in a larger place properly 
charge a much higher rate. Teachers must 
adapt the price of tuition to the community 
which they have schools. 
Sincerely yours, in haste, 

Euuene A. Geer. 

Life Scholarships in Commercial Colleges 

No life scholarships are sold in this I 
institution. Our pupils are charged a 
easonable price for the time thev are in 
ichool, and in every case are given more 
than the value of their money. Perpetual 
cholarships are a cheap, ridiculous adver- 
tising dodge, and are alike injurious to 
the pupil and the school that issues them. 
The transaction in itself is very unbusiness- 
like, selling all applicants certificates allow- 
ing them to attend as long as they chooses 
without reference to the ape, ability of 
advancement of the pupil. Such a trans- 
action on the part of any school ought to 
be sufficient comment on that institution's 
ability to impart a iound business edttca- 

We clip the above from a circular issued 
by J. M. Martin & Bro., Galesburg, 111- 
We believe Mr. Martin is right, in regard- 
ing the issue of life scholarships as unbusi- 
nesslike and bad policy; but we do not 
believe that all who have, and still issue 
them do so in the spirit of an " advertising 
dodge." It was, until quite recently, the 
prevailng custom among commercial col- 
leges to issue unlimited scholarships. 
It never seemed to us proper or business- 
like, yet we issued them for several yeirs, 
principally because it was customary, but 
we certainly should not do so, were we 
again to conduct a commercial college, and 
we are glad to note the fact, that many of 

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our best conducted commercial colleges 
are abandoning a custom so iinbusiness 
like and injurious, both to the teacher and 
pupil. To the teacher by burdening him 
for a prolonged time with pupils who, 
because of having an unlimited ticket, 
lazily and tardily pursue their studies. To 
the pupil by thus wasting his time, and 
increasing expense for board, &c. It is 
also unjust, as it requires the well-advanced 
quick, industrious pupil, who can com- 
plete a prescribed coarse in one-half the 
time, aud with less than half the trouble to 
a teacher, to pay the same tuition as the 
backward, lazy, dull-headed pupil requir- 
ing twice the time and instruction. Good- 
by to the life scholarship. 

Mabie, Todd & Bard, 

$old Pei^, 

Writing Master. 

The board of education took action last 
night on the recommendation for the ap- 
pointment of a writing master, made by 
the committee on organization at the last 
meeting. There were eight applicants, the 
qualifications of several of whom were so 
nearly equal that it was difficult to make a 
selection. The choice fell, however, upon 
Mr. Geo. A. Swayze, who has been em- 
ployed in the commercial college here as 
an instructor of writing. Mr. Swayze 
possesses eminent qualifications for the 
position to which he has been appointed, 
and there is little doubt that under his able 
tuition the writing of the scholars attend- 
ing the schools will be greatly improved. 

The new master will commence his duties 
n Monday, April 2,— Belleville {On!.) 

boil6U JoUet JU1. 

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VOL. I. NO. 9 

The Gift of Grace. 

Some men have an inborn grace, which 
finds expression in whatever branch of in- 
dustry they may have chosen for the best 
efforts of their lives. There are graceful 
authors, graceful orators, statesmen, lec- 
turers, editors, teachers ; grace is found, 
too, in the humbler walks of life ; in the 
artisan's shop, behind the clerk's counter ; 
at the bench, in the field : — anywhere, no 
matter how lowly the spot, you can find 
evidences of the presence of this sweet 
spirit of grace. 

A man in whose being is this rare inspi- 
ration is bound to be successful. There is 
a vnst amount of genius in moulding heter- 
ogeneous elements and events, of which 
tlie every -day life is full, into beautiful 
and enduring forms. The poet's genius is 
largely the geuius of grace. He clothes 
prosaic thoughts and events in the magic 
robes of song, and puts a sweetness into 
them men never dreamed was there. In a 
thousand ways the gift of grace enables 
men to imprese their lives upon the bright 
pages of history and humanity ; but in no 
one way, I think, does it find so full and 
perfect expression as in the art of the 
penman. Here, indeed, the key-word 10 
suicess is " grace " — grace in the soul, the 
heart, the eye, the hand ; grace expressed, 
grace suppressed ; grace, anon full of bold- 
neBS, now of chastity ; flowing, steadily 
beautiful, staccato'd, crescendo'd, pero- 
rative grace I — Where, in all the catalogue 
of the arts, can you find so many exquisite 
forms, whose every line is grace ? 

It seems to be the general opinion that 
all one needs, in order to become an ele- 
gant penman, is practice. Now, I would 
by no meau^ disparage so noble and honest 
a gift as that of perseverance ; and yet I do 
assert that, just as in music, one cannot 
become a master of the art of penmanship 
without some natural talent. Take a young 
man who has a fine sense of the proportions 
of things, who appreciates symmetry when 
he sees it, and set him to work, with good 
pen and ink, on smooth, marbly paper, 
with no teacher save his own sense of the 
beautiful in all art ; and then, after one 
month's practice, compare his execution 
with that of another young man who has 
had the best of teaching, and has practiced 
with the utmost assiduity for the same 
length of time, and yet in whose heart 
there is no chord responsive to the har- 
mony of bleudingline upon liue.curve upon 
curve, note upon note of chiming melo- 
dy, and the contrast will be very suggest- 
ive. The penman, in order to deserve his 
name, must possess, at least in some de- 
gree, the gift of grace. This is no suppo- 
sition or fine theory. Look at our leading 
penmen. Are they not men whose souls are 
in their work, who understand " the poetry 
of motion," and whose good taste and pro- 
ficiency in their own art is equaled by their 
appreciation for and delight in other arts? 
There are hands, I know, which love the 
pen as well as the flute, the violin or the 
harp, and they manipulate their beloved 
.natrunient as cunningly and as soulfully. 
-here is really no estrangement between 

all these beautiful arts ; — like the Muses 
of old, they go hand in hand ; and there is 
one spirit which breathes through them all. 
Genius lies not in the hand nor in the eye, 
but in the soul. 

Success and Failure in Penmanship. 

If anything was wanted, more than the 
everyday experience of our teachers of pen 
mauship, to verify the fact, that the Uni- 
ted States of America is sorely in need of 
at least ten times the number of competent, 
able, well paid, well educated teachers of 
penmanship, a few years travel in any of 
our States will have a tendency to help his 
unbelief most amazingly as to the actual 
fact in the premises. The five years spent 
, traveliug teacher of penmanship 
me an experience that was worth 
sands of dollars, und the opportuni- 
ties that I had for a thorough study of 
an nature were not to be surpassed. 
And never was I more thoroughly im- 
pressed with that old but true maxim, 
" The propar study of mankind is man." 
Horace Greeley once became very indignant 
at the way the majority had voted on a 
certain election, and declared in the Trib- 
une, that the majority of the people were a 
pack of ignoramuses, or voting cattle. I 
have many times been most forcibly re- 
minded of the saying, when I have noticed 
what a painful lack of appreciation there 
was in many places to the art of penman- 
ship. While getting up a class in N 

H , in Central New York, in March, 

1867, as I was canvassing the village, as 
was then the usual custom, I called at a 
house of one of the most aristocratic and 
wealthiest citizens, who hud four highly 
educated daughters, who I was informed 
had just graduated with distinguished 
honors at a fashionable female seminary. 
When approached upou the subject of pen- 
manship I was met by the most haughty, 
scornful, contemptuous sneer that has ever 
been my lot to witness. I became some- 
what indignant at such treatment. I de- 
termined to make an argument upon the 
subject, and upon presenting the matter in 
a gentlemanly manner, they became some- 
what interested ; and aa it was invariably 
my custom to take a specimen of accom- 
plished writers, whether male or female, 
I after some persuasion secured a speci- 
from each of them, which upou com- 
paring with some specimens that I had 
my possession of ladies in a former 
place witli whom they happened to be ac- 
quainted, made a most pitiful appear- 
ance. Nothing could have worked such 
an utter and almost miraculous change, 
and a spirit of envy seemed to at once fill 
the minds of them all, for so very poor did 
their writing appear when compared with 
the others, they were very much ashamed 
at their presumption, and they then and 
there declared that it 1 would come to the 
house and give lessons, that they would 
gladly pay me for the trouble. The father, 
who was a practical man, at that moment 
.ame in, was also very anxious to have me 

teach them, so I made arrangements to do 
so, which I did for the next four weeks 
duriug two hours of each day. Their in- 
fluence of course had much to do with se- 
curing me a tine class during the evening 
session, but if any one would have told me 
after the first withering rebuke, that these 
young ladies were to be my warmest sup- 
porters, I would have considered him a fit 
subject for a madhouse. Tact and talent 
undoubtedly has much to do with the suc- 
cessful teaching of penmanship, as well as 
anything else, and I have found that good 
grit has very much to do with it also. An- 
other very necessary aid to getting up a 
class is a thorough personal canvass. Among 
the moat successful traveling teachers of 
penmanship in the West is Mr. Thos. E. 
Hill, of Aurora.Ill., author of Hill's manuasl, 
which is undoubtedly the finest work of 
the kind ever published in America. Mr. 
Hill regards a thorough personal canvas 
indispensable. There is also a latent en- 
thusiasm ready to make itself manifest on 
proper occasions possessed by some penmen 
which is a power behind the throne, as it 
were, which is a powerful element of suc- 

The little word if I have found to be 
the most ponderous and worst hindrance 
to the successful studying of a class than 
any other word in the language. ' ' If, " said 
as fine a penman as I ever knew, "'I can se- 
cure a certain number of pujuls, I will 
open a school. " If you have a school I may 
attend" is generally the response and results 
in failure ; but if the teacher, after he has 
secured a room, goes to work with the right 
' id of energy and convinces the people 
school, no ifs nor ands 
•euerally succeed. 

about it, h 

No Excellence without Labor. 
There is, perhaps no general principle 
ore fully established than this — tha; 
there is no excellence without labor ; noth- 
ing great or uoole has ever been estab- 
lished without hard, persevering labor ; no 
great enterprises have ever been carried 
out without labor. How did Alexander 
become one of the greatest warriors of 
antiquity, the conqueror of all the then 
known world, who wept when there were 
no more worlds to conquer ? How Aid 
Ctosar extend his conquests until he made 
Rome the mistress of the world 1 How did 
Napoleon — at the mention of whose name 
the heart of the Frenchman even now 
thrills with feeling, and his eye kindles 
with emotion— starting in life with no 
friend but his sword, fight his way upward 
until he became Emperor of France ? How 
did he, at the head of his army, go forth 
to conquer and astonish the world by the 
number and greatness of his victories, and 
make Europe tremble at his progress ? 
How did these men accomplish so much ? 
They were ambitious, they wished to 
achieve for themselves a name as great 
mil.tary chieftains, and in the pursuit of 
this object they spared no labor, they 
underwent hardships and privations ; in 
short, they sacrificed everything at the 
shrine of their idol — ambition. 
Napoleon, when about to lead his army 

over the Alps, said to the engineer who 
had been sent forward to ascertain the 
possibility of the undertaking — 

" Is it practicable ?" 

" It is barely possible," was the reply. 

"Let us set forward, then," said Na- 

They did set forward, and that extra- 
ordinary undertaking, which won the ad- 
miration of the world, was successfully 
accomplished. This short conversation 
furnishes an index of Napoleon's character. 
It discloses the secret of his Buccess, his 
indomitable energy and perseverance in 
whatever he chose to undertake. 

With regard to intellectual greatness, it 
is especially true that there is " no excel- 
lence without labor." No man ever rose 
from a humble position in life to that of a 
distinguished scholar or £.reat man, great 
in the true sense of the word, without 
much labor. All the great men that have 
ever lived, men of learning and disciplined 
minds, became great by their own exer- 
tions. They did not hesitate to make 
sacrifices, undergo hardships, to expose 
themselves to persecution and ridicule in 
the pursuit of knowledge. They felt that 
knowledge was a priceless gem, an im- 
mortal prize for which they were seeking, 
one which would not desert them at death, 
but which, if rightly used, would conduct 
them to happier worlds above ; and in the 
pursuit of this object, they scorned what- 
ever had a tendency to divert their atten- 
tion from this, their beloved pursuit. These 
great men frequently met with ridicule 
and persecution. Their motives and con- 
duct were not understood and appreciated 
by the men of their age. It remained for 
after generations to honor and immortalize 
their names, and reap the reward of their 
labois. To them we are indebted for all 
the great discoveries and inventions that 
have benefited mankind, and for whatever 
civilization and refinement we now possess. 
Numerous instances might bo given to 
show that there is no intellectual greatness 
without labor. Newton, the great philos- 
opher, when asked how he had succeeded 
in making so many important discoveries, 
replied— "By thinking." By profound 
study and thought this great man succeed- 
ed in tracing from the trifling occurrence 
of an apple falling from a tree, the laws 
which govern the motions of the heavenly 
bodies. By observation and study Colum- 
bus became convinced of the globular 
shape of the earth, and, sailing westward, 
discovered a new world. Franklin, after 
much observation and study, succeeded 
in establishing the identity of lightning 
and electricity, proving that lightning ia 
only electricity on a large scale, thus add- 
ing to his fame as u statesman that of a 
philosopher. What difficulties and hard- 
ships did the late Dr. Kane pass through 
in acquiring the admiration and renown 
everywhere so deservedly paid tohis name. 
PnsM-ssed in childhood of a feeble consti- 
tution, he overcame, as it were^ by the 
strong [lower of his will, his natural dispo- 
sition to disease, passed through a seven 
years' course of study, and at an early ago 
aduated with high honor as Doeto 


-..-, hflviDg been characterized 
throughout as a thorough student. It was- 
there that he acquired that mental disci- 
pline and well balanced judgment that ho 

m ii ,, lalifled him for the duties that after- 

bun a* commander of 

an expedition to the frozen seas. 

These examples are sufficient to teach us 

I i ire ourselves become great, we 

, ,rit. If we would distinguish 

OOXMlvai above the common mass of man- 

1 i, v.- I t.ll-' 1"! It. I' "'■ """ M 

m that will fit OS for 
,.,i ,h ttaotton, we muststudy, 
study diligently, study thoroughly. 

Lastly, if wo are determined to obtain 
00, no difficulties need discour- 
age us. In this case difficulties, instead of 
discouraging us, will, by being surmount- 
ed, only strengthen our minds for further 
exertion. One writer has said, *' The high- 
est Idea of eduoation is the training of the 
1 1 mount obstacles." We, are told 
of some ambition* young meu, arterwards 
,,i ■oholaiS, that they acquired 

i nowledge ol Hie elaasi bj 

studyiug at night after their day's work, 
by the light o! the blazing wood fire on the 

i, Li i OB emulate their example, and 

bi ,i, couragedbyno difficulties; remem- 
bering always, "no excellence without 

Letter- Writing. 
Editor Penman'* An J n aal; 

Sin: If yo" continue to extend the use- 

(olnesfl nnd scope of the Journal in the 

future us yOO have done in the past, 1 fear 

gOmfl i "i fOUI many readers will have 

a change in the title. To me 

your beautiful beading has lived its day, 

and should be replaced by one moresug- 

the contents and purposes of the 


Your discussion of various subjects be- 
longiug to a business education must ex- 
bend its usefulness and influence in a great 

degree. I sec in this exchange cf thought 
among commercial teachers a more kindly 
feeling for each other, a greater interest 
in their vocation, and eventually an im- 
provement in their modes and methods of 
Instruction, which must redound to their 
Credit and to the advantage of their 


My object in troubling you again is to 
add a few suggestions to your well-timed 
remarks on business letter-writing iu your 
November number. I notouly endorse all 
you ay in regard to the form and order of 
B business letter, but i consider the study 
mill knowledge of mercantile correspond- 
enoe indispensable to Bucoess in business. 

It is the duty of every commercial student 
to iiiakr Irltti- writ in- :i careful study. The 
amount "1 business transacted through cor- 
respondence alone, of itself, speaks volumes 
of its importance. It is easy to write a 
letter ordering goods, to acknowledge the 
i to attend to a niiuu- 
tsiness matters where letters ale 

required to ba written; hut this is not 
enough. The moat delioate and compli- 
cated of business traus,ieli"i;- 
tinics — and, indeed, often — required to be 
adjusted bj letter, requiring the most 
oareful and keenest of judgment, coupled 
with a thorough knowledge of human 

nature. The ability to write such a letter 
require) common sense, experience and 

education. Unfortunately, a large num. 

bar of our commercial students do not 
po enough of the first-named artiole, 

put I"" much confidence iu the reond, 

and me in too great a hurry to acquire the 

third, i alees our youth will study and 
think more for themselves, they mnst not 
txpeol rich rewards iu any literary field. 
1 never fail iu presenting this Bttbjeot 

to nrj students every Friday — it is nay 
Friday morning talk —and I am proud to 
■tato that the results <>f my labors in this 

direction are ol the DUOSt gratifying ami 
productive kind. I make my student 
thoroughly familiar with the transaction 

that gives rise to the letter. When this is 
understood, I find it not only gives him the 
material to write about, but affords food 
for thought that is of the most beDeticiu 1 
Bind to a commercial student, because ii is 
of such a practical character. I am satis- 
fied, from experience, that a course of this 
kind will produce the best ol results to 
business college students. The plan of 
copying letters will never produce practical 
letter- writers. m 

Henky C. Wright. 

We Bie pleased with Mr. Wright's opin- 
ion of the Joirnal, and his suggestions 
on business letter- writing. At our request, 
he has consented to submit a series of 
business transactions in our next number, 
for the benefit of our young readers, soli 
citing their letters on the subjects. We 
think this will be an interesting and bene- 
ficial department for commercial students. 

as your correspondent has affirmed, people 
whose writing is angular, are given to 
•■flMiij.' tlie track on the slightest provoca- 
tion. " what a chaos of misplaced switches 

and wrecked trains, and what •• bustle and 

confusion " our youu^ ladies, who write the 

fashionable angular hand, are continually 
making 1 

Young men, beware of ladies who write 

e angular hand, they are dan i rous 

H there is as much in thie theory as its 

advocates would have us believe, either 

the rest of the world are i vcediugly dull 

of comprehension, or they have brought 

the subject dowu 

to such a 

fine point, that 

t cannot be disci. 

rned by 

common people 

nth the " oakei 


Finally, it see 

ms to m 

e that there is 

only one characie 

istic that 

can be generally 

applied, and that 

is a person's habitual 

neatness and car 

fulness ; 

if he is system- 

Writing not an Index of Character. 
Editor Penman's Art Journal: 

My attention has been particularly at- 
tracted by articles in the late issues of 
your paper, concerning handwriting as an 
index of character. 

They were perhaps written by persons 
older and more distinguished iu the art 
than myself ; nevertheless, 1 beg a little 
space iu your coiumns to express my 
opinion in regard to the matter, iu opposi- 
tion to what has been written. 

The principal reason that this ap- 
pears to me to be an improbable hypothe- 
sis, is that a person's handwriting h. so ex- 
clusively governed by external intiuences, 
that it cannot be tukeu as an index of his 
character, but more properly as a gauge 
of the influence of others upon him. 

For a simple illustration of my idea, let 
us suppose the case of a young man, whe 
has acquired an indifferent style of pen- 
manship, peculiar to himself, at a school 
where no particular attention has been 
given to the branch of penmanship. Our 
character readers will now tell you his 
character by exatniniug his writing. 

He now enters a business college, and 
takes advantage of the instruction of a 
good professor of penmanship, and if of 
an artistic turn of mind, learns to write a 
correct and beautiful hand, bearing, with 
fifty other young men of various dispo- 
sitions, the characteristics of his instructor. 
His writiug has become a new thing. 

Now will any one assert that his char- 
acter has changed with his writing ? 

But it would puzzle auy man to recog- 
nize the same character iu both speci- 
mens of penmanship. 

The objection may be raised that this is 
only one individual case ; but I do uot use 
this example as a criterion of all, but to 
illustrate my point of external influence, 
and to show what an unstable theory 
character readiug is, when auother light 
is brought to bear upon it. 

If writing is au iudex of character, what 
arc we goiug to do with the almost 
telligible scrawls of some of our greatest 
meu, whose tr&its of character are "well 
defined," but whose writing is anything 
but that? 

It would require a long stretch of im- 
agination for uuy one to see the persever- 
ance, enterprise, and intellectual power 
iu those awkwurd, aimless, and blotted 
hieroglyphics of the late venerable founder 
ol the •• New York Tribune." 

I have in my miud two acquaintances, 
who are in business in different cities, but 
mho board together, whose handwritings 
are so similar as to be uudistinguishable 
exoi pt by an expert, and yet they are as 
unlike as possible in their dispositions. 

1 Imve also an acquaintance whose 
handwriting is exceedingly feroiniue, with 
in. boldness or decision, even what might 
lie teruifd '* uiainby-paniby," who has a 
very decided character, aud is a go-ahead, 
strong-minded and particularly high- 
strung individual. 

Now how to dispose of such cases as I 
have cited remains a mystery to me. If, 

verythiug he does, he is likely 
,u his writing. W. L. G. 

The Pen and the Press. 

L.uuil nhuijod 

to bin dwelling a 
,, and called it a 

Jackson Cagle. of Atlanta, Ga. Knowing 
him to be altogether a " self-made" penman. 
Led to write to him, asking if he 
would contribute the particulars to the Gnett. 
We assured him that our readers would be 
very grateful for the favor. He gives us in 
rep'lv the following facts: 

• 1 was born January -'I. 1S3H, in Henry 
Bounty, Georgia, Was raised up a hard- 
•,vorkiii'_i boj between tbe plow bandies until 
21 years old. My opportunities for an edu- 
cation have been very limited indeed j ac- 
quired what I have mostly by my own exer- 
tions, my parents Wing tou poor du 

boyhood to give me even a couiinoi 

■•Mv first attempts at writing were very 
discouraging. My father being a good pen- 
man kept me practicing; every rainy day 
when we could not work the writing materi- 
als were brought out. We used goose-quills 
in those days. My writing soon began to 
improve rapidly, so much so that I concluded 
large of a wrf 


At it I \ 

out of a corn-held. 

cessful ; everybody pronounced me ninster of 
the pen! ami I was correspondingly elated 

ami ..-ni'Miirayxl. In 1 s "-7 I purchased one of 

tal in theExec 

Hon. iii was offered 
no-clerk at the State Capi- 
s Depart it 

ider Gov. 
d served in that 
ng that time I 

Some of our Famous Penmen. 
We copy the following article (written 
by Prof. Gaskill) from the late issue of the 
Home Quest, It contains much well-told 
truth relative to deserving penmen, all of 
which we most fully endorse : 

If the writer were required to name some 
one American penman to represent the grace 
and beauty aud neueral superiority of Amer- 
ican penmanship as compared with that of 
foreign countries, be would select without 
much hesitancy or deliberation, James T. 
Knauss, of Easton, Pa. Not because Mr, 
K. has a great reputation, for but few 
people know him, and. moreover, his repu- 
tation would be no important matter in such 
a ease ■ probably not a hundred readers of 
the //<'<'"' Quest ever heard of him. Not be- 
cause his eutrrossfd pieces would attract the 
multitude ; we do not know that he does en- 
grossing ; but because his ordinary work, 
such as we form our conclusions from, is of 
the very highest order. Not only is his busi- 
ness writing very superior, hut his flourish- 
ing, card-writing, etc., etc., are superb. 

We are able to give at this moment but 
few facts respecting him. He is a Peunsyl- 
vauian— burn and educated iu the old Key- 
stone State. HiB paper on "Ornamental 
Penmanship, " contributed to the Penman's 
Gazette, would indicate that he 

capacity th 

purchased a copy of the Spene 
dium, and my writing began iu noauuia « 
more modern look. Iu 1862 went to the 
war; served there until the surrender; came 
home and went to farming again. In 1869 
I made an engagement with the Dolbear 
Commercial College of New Orleaus, as 
teacher of penmanship, and during the four 
years I served tbat institution I obtained 
specimens from every penman iu the land, 
and soon had a variety of elegant ones, 
which aided me considerably in my efforts 
to become a penman. Amonsr the most 
beautiful specimens I received were those 
from Profs. Gusk,-ll, Mussehuan, Werst and 
Soule (of Philadelphia). In 1873 I connected 
lnyse'f with Moore's Business University, 
Atlanta, Ga., where I now am. I have quite 
a library of works ou penmanship, and try 
to keep well up with all the improvements, 
and not be left behind in the onward march 
of systems." 

Mr. Cagle is very generous to young peu- 
meu who are striving to work their way up 
to excellence in the profession. We have 
known young scribblers here in New Hamp- 
shire to write to him for specimens of his 
ting," his "card- 

' " BO 

_ant specimens of his work 
l must have required much time — and 
me is valuable— to execute. These am- 
s had nothing to send him in return for 
favors, but we presume they we: 

the. smnll 
ritical he 
ork of others, he 
ritical 'with himself. 

who studiously oh; 
his art ; that, however 

j judging tin 

and liberal enough 
stamp! He is well kne 
throughout the South, 
young men testify to his 
of heart, as well a 
skill as a penman. 

vn in Georgia and 
and hundreds of 
xtr a ordinary good- 

;ard-work, and rapid, 
He did 
ess of the 


Washington were 
unusually chatty and entertaining; the style 
of composition is much like his penman- 
ship — it has the appearance of having been 
done without any effort. Indeed, he seems to 
compose as easily and rapidly as he writes. 

For some years he has occupied a position 
in the Treasury Department at Washington. 
Whether he is still there, or whether " Civil 
Seivice Reform " has made his post a vacan- 
cy we do not kuow. He was born at Mauch 
Chunk, Pa., in 1835, and is consequently 
forty -two years old. 

New York, Oct. 5, 1877. 
Penman** Journal. 

Another really e 

A. H. 

ral years the traveling agent of copy-book 
publishers, he has seen much of systems as 
well as men, and, as a fund of information 
respecting penmanship which few possess. 
II, is ;, ready and fluent writer for penmen's 
papers; is always ready to do a good turn 
for a brother writer, and will go greatly out 
ol his Way t» do it. As a penman he is at 
home iu "every branch of chirography, and 
excelB equally in each. 

The best penman in the South to-day i 


poetical friend 

We would suggest to ou 
to subscribe for tbe (on 
probable means of obtaining an an 
his prayer. 

All the back numbers of the J 
except No. 1. can be supplied to 
more subscribers. 


Ames' Compendium. 
The entire edition of this work is now 
printed, and in the hands of the binder, 
from whom we shall receive the first install- 
ment on or before the 10th inot,, at which 
time we shall begin to fill orders, a large 
number of which have already been re- 
ceived. Orders will be filled as promptly 
as possible in the order of their receipt. 
Readers will observe that this book has 
been added to our premium list, and will 
be seut post-paid on the receipt of the 
names of twelve subscribers to the Journal 
and twelve dollars ; bound in gilt for eigh- 
teen subscriber* and eighteen dollars — all 
remittances should be by P. O. order or 
registered letter. 

What is Said of the Compendium. 

Amjjs' Compendium of Practical and Or 
namental penmanship. 
Prof. D. T. Ames, the pen-artist, 205 
Broadway, has for nearly two years past 
been preparing a work upon ornamental 
penmanship, which lie lias intended should 
be a complete guide and hand-book in 
that art. This work is now complete, and 
will iu a few days be ready for sale. 

We have had the pleasure of examining 
a large number of the proof pages, which 
certainly indicate that the work will far 
excel in extent, variety, and artistic excel- 
N.'inT, as well as its peculiar adaptation for 
the use of penmen and artists, any kiudred 
work we have ever examined. 

It will indeed he a valuable hand-book 
to penmen and artists, and reflects great 
credit upon Prof. Ames as a pen artist. — 
New York School Journal. 

Packard s IW'Mness College, 1 
805 BllOADWAY. ( 

New York, Dec. 3, 1877. 
D. T. Ames, Esq. 

My Dear Slr : The proof-sheets of your 
forthcoming work, which you were kind 
enough to show me, evince great care in 
the preparation^ and a knowledge of the 
field you propose to occupy, which fully 
entitle you to the greatest measure of suc- 
cess. The special advantage which your 
work has over most other publications of 
writiug is, of course, iu the process through 
which yon exhibit tin 1 penman's, instead of 
the engraver's art. This is the valuable 
feature to those who desire to profit by 
the work. 

Office Dolbear's Commercial College, ( 
1193 Broadway, Dec. 3, 1877. f 
Prof. D. T, Ames. 

Deab Sir : Having examined most of 
the projf pi<?"s of your forthcoming Com- 
pendium of Ornamental Penmanship, lam 
convinced that it is a work of great practi- 
cal merit, and is peculiarly adapted for use 
of penmen and artists. It covers the field 
of pen art more fully than any other work 
I have ever examined. 

Very respectfully, 

Thomas P. Dolbear. 

College of the City of New York, ) 
Cor. Lexington Avenue and 23d St, J- 
New York, Dec. 3, 1877. ) 
Prof. B. T. Ames. 

Dear Sir— The proof sheets of your 
forthcoming work on Ornamental Penman- 
ship and Engrossing, which I have just seen, 
show that the book will be of great value 
to penmen, especially as an uneqnaled ex- 
hibition of artistic designs in engrossing. 
C. A. "Walworth, 
Teacher of Phonography and Writing, 

Packard's Business College, ) 
805 Broadway. \ 

New York, Dec. 1. 1877. 
Friend Ames : 

Don't you think it would be a proper 
thing, about these days, to suggest the 
coming together somewhere at some time 
not far distant of the representative peu- 
meu and teachers of book-keeping in this 
productive country. Just think of the 
possibilities of such a convention. Would 
not the results, immediate and remote, put 
to blush the imaginative writers, who are 
just now carrying on such wonderful ex- 
hibitions of men and movements in their 
literary dreams. Sat the hen and see what 
the egg will produce. 

S. S. Packard, 

We heartily agree with friend Packard, 
and believe that such a meeting of teachers 
of writing and book-keeping as he suggests 
might be productive of great good to the 
profession, by furnishing an opportunity 
for comparing thoughts, for extending per- 
sonal acquaintance, and for the establish- 

ether in such c 
uuer that v 
ntirely from r 

You know that I have a sincere 
for your honest peu-work, and 
unique pnblicat 
of your own ski 

No one can 


am glad to see much 
d admirably directed 

Willson & Walworth's ) 
ness College and Phono- > 
itote, 36 E. Hth St. ) 
New York, Dec, 3, 1877. 
Prof. IK T. Ames \ 

Dear Snt . I am very much pleased 
with the specimen pages of your Com- 
pendium of Practical and Ornamental 
Penmanship. You have cert duly taken a 
long step m advance of other authors npou 
the subject, by not only giving a great 
variety uf alphabets aud materia] for the 
use of penmen and artists, but you have 
combined that material into the most 

beautiful ami .u i^ti-- designs lor resolutions, 
memorials, testimonials, lille pages, etc., 
thus placing before penmen and others 
what has long been needed. 

I am specially pleased with the example 
of off-hand flourishing, and also with the 

idea you have carried out of giving the 
work of different persons. 

If I judge rightly no penman having 
once seen this work will williuyly be with- 

Yours, very truly, 

C. E. Cady, Principal 

English Orthography. 

Ourspellingisbad, bad beyond endurance 
especially when we spell right, according to 
custom. It is not right to write wight rite! 
More than half the words in our language 
y letters, and these are put 
awkward and unnatural 
obliged to spell almost 
y, instead of rules. We 
have nileB, lmt what are thev good for ? Who 
remembers them, or, if they are remembered 
who is governed by them? 

There are so many exceptions to the rules 
that the mind becomes perplexed in their 
application, aud there is no other way than 
to fall back on the memory, think how the 
word appears to theeyr as it is seen in print 
and spell it accordingly. If the apptaratm 
of the word cannot be recalled, the next 
thing is to get the dictionary, find the word 
and then ascertain how the letters stand to 
each other. This need not he the case if 
the rules of ouroithoKi-aphv were sufliciently 
simple and natural. Every letter in the al- 
phabet is supposed to possess the power of a 
certain sound, Borne of the letters many 
sounds, and if placed beside certain others 
these sounds vary, and by the bungling rules 
of orthography they vary to such a needless 
perplex and confuse. Absolute 
tlmsraphy need not be looked 
find this department of 
a reformation 

for, but when 
science fall of absurd: 
should be sought. 
Let any one open a hook and 

.u be found that docs not u.ive proof f 
ty of a thorough change 

the stern i 

our mode of spelling. 

Why do we need ph to produce the sound 
we give to /, when / will do as well? Of 
what use is I in would, could aud .should? 
Why not put in x, y and z t and call them 
silent letters ? Is b of any benefit in doubt 
oro in double? So it is all along tbroueh 
the wide range of the English language 
We are hampered and bound by the dis' 
cordant cords of custom, yet we must follow 
the rules, we must be governed by the 
Is. But who governs the standard 


O, they follow the established 

of the best speakers and writers " 

the best speakers and writers 

- "By the standard 

good both to govern 

Tne Price of the Compendium. 

We are in constant receipt of requests 
from parties desiring copies of the Com- 
pendium at a discountor on agents' terms. 
Such applications for single copies are use- 
less. We have been desirous of placing 
the work within the reach of as manypeu- 
men as possible, and have therefore fixed 
tin- retail price at a figure which should, 
in view uf its size, variety and bulk of 
work, have been its wholesale price. We 
have chosen to do this from the fact that 
we are so largely in direct communication 
with the penmen as to enable us to supply 
tin m with the work direct at a low price, 
instoad of fixing them at a high retail price 
in order that a middle-man might receive 
a large profit— which the fiual purchaser 
must pay. 

The American Institute, 
Which has just closed its exhibition for 
1877, awards its grand medal to D. T. 
Ames for superiority in Ornamental Pen- 
manship ; also the grand silver medal offer- 
ed by the New Jersey State Agricultural 
Society, for the best specimens of orna 
mental penmanship and pen drawing, has 
been awarded to specimens executed by 
D. T. Ames. 

ment of a common interst and feeling of 
brotherhood which ought to exist between 
the worthy members of our profession. 
The columns of the Journal are open, and 
we shall be pleased to hear from others on 
this subject. 

according to the established 


By whom 

governed ? Answer 

authors." Very well, i 

and be governed, yet where 

kind of government, it is 

them, as well in the govern: 

raphy as iu anything else. 

The tedious, 
our language ' 
usage of the best speake: 
led to the formation of a system of Phonoo 
raphy, by which those who learn and nrac 
tice it, Bpell according to the philosophy of 
sound, giving to each letter a simple sound 
and only writing such letters as are necessary 
to form the sound which the word should 
convey. They find no difficulty in writing 
and reading in this short style, but manv 
actual advantages. If our lexicographers 
and publishers were to form the shortest 
possible method of spelling, and it were in 
troduced and taught in all the schools 
throughout the country, the children would 
learn it easily; but could those who have 
grown up under the present system find 
time to go back and again learn to spell? 
many of them could, and especially 


who write much would find that thev 
by the process, and having once 
learned that easy method they would have 
no desire to return to the old. 

There are improvements going on in aeri 
culture, navigation, architecture, & c ., while 

ith . 

The New Paper for Scholars. 
Have you seen the Soholar's Com- 
panion ? No. You will do well to take 
a postal card, then, and ask A. M. Kellogg, 
17 Warreu street, New York, for a copy. 
It is wonderful what he gives the boys and 
girls for fifty cents a year. 

H. C. Clark, penman at Lockhard Bio's. 
Business College, Cedar Rapids, I 
sends a very attractive specimen of flour- 
ishing in form of a bird, with tastefully 
arranged scrolling, also two cone photo- 
graphs of two large specimens; one of which 
he calls a " Home Choir," has the appear- 
ance of being a highly artistic and well 
executed specimen. 

behind the times , 
p h-t-h-i-s- i-r and then calling' „ , 
We write through when thru would be better 
We laugh at Englishmen because tbey omit 
the sound of A where it is written and apply 
the letter where it does not exist Thus- 
"The /(ox it is orn and broke //it }, tf - in 
stead of; "The ox hit his horn," & c . and 
yet we pronounce honor as though it 'were 
« — pronounce it onitr ac- 
why not write it 'so? 
or spelling, in 
wrong. Because 
obliged to spell 


Either our pronunciation 

thousands of instances, it 

, lexicographers ai 

jnimon words for 

the principles of ph 

cni-dlUj.; I 

nf tin. 

thus : Leagu 

Prof. A. W. Manson, 32 Bloomfield St., 
Boston, desires to secure No. 1 of the Art 
Journal. Any one having such to diposeof 
will communicate with Prof. Manson. 

Now is the time to subscribe, and get all 
the back numbers except number one. 

(leeg). Why not write it leeg at once, with- 
out making a necessity for an explanation? 
We need as much uniformity as possible in 
the orthography of the nation, but we need 
— ' be uniformly wrong. We need rules in 
proceed from 

spelling, and tli 

authority of son 



practicable for the leading 


and literature of o 

3 or otherwise, to re- 

ystem of orthography, expunge 

■'-"-oduce the necessary 

model < 

its defects and 

amendments? Why not? 

Men voluntarily assemble in conventions 
and form political platforms, and when one 
such national platform is constructed as 
suits the mass, more than one-half rush on 
it, while the rest go undt r. 

A few men with delegated powers frame 
laws for the nation, others for the church; 
they repeal, amend, reconstruct, &c, and 
cannot this be done in some way for our 


r. ,1.11-1,. .1 Unnrhl, .,< 9I.O0 prr Yenr. 


I Column Ill 00 $WW t&i 00 *ofl 

t ;; *« >»W J»<» WO 

'lnrM!3Hnr«Y.^ IK 3 7S * 00 7 fl 

. f,,r , 

UIIF'.RAI. IS) " i .ii ■: I 

. pajtbl 

■ nub.oril>cr«, Inclaitng |S, we will mnil to 
laafler, a oopj »t either nf the following i 

", rrtalln for 19.0 

of Am,-' Compendium of i >i iinrni ntal Peomausbtp, 

i rha nae bound In gill will be ionl for 

•lgtatoon rabiorilwn and ji«, price 

PENMAN'S art journal, 
90s Broadway, New v.. 

o your nnmo uixl nd.tro** very distinctly. 


The next, or New Year Number of the 

We shall spare no pains to make the 

New \, m- Dumber of this Jotblal a mole! 
of beauty ami of excellence. It will be its 
tenth number. 

To nfc ii extent haall fulfilled its mission, 
ami mel the expectations end hopes of its 
patrons ? Has it done so to suoh a degree 
u to commend iteaU to their favor, and 
Inspire within them a hope and desire for 
a continuance of its monthly visits; or 
would they, without regret or a sense of 
Inns, dispense with themf From great 
numbers of its readers it has received the 
wannest praise ami commendations, with 
the strongest wishes tor its future oontinn- 
mice and prosperity. Some have viudi- 
oated those wishes by their vigorous and 
successful efforts in its behalf as oontr.b- 
utors i" it-- oolumns, and adding to its list 
of subscribers ; others, having sent their 
dollars and good wishes, cease their efforts ; 
not s tan have sent their pood wishes, ra- 

l sample copy free, from whom 

we hear nothing, a large number of 
noted penmen and conductors of colleges, 

to whom we have mailed specimen copies. 
ponse whatever, yet we 

.no hardly doubt but they havt 
the 9oi i;\u. with interest, and, as one re- 
anooentli remarked iu a highly 

complimentary letter, (who. by the way, 
orgoi to subscribe,) "I hope you will oc- 

casionally favor me with a copy of your 
interesting paper." 

If all penmen, and persons interested in 
penmanship, who receive a copy of the 
Journal and are pleased with it, would 
themselves subscribe, and make the neces- 
sary efforts to induce a few others of their 
acqnantances to do so, the Journal would 
very soon attain to a circulation which 
would enable its publishers to greatly in- 
crease the number of its illustrations-, and 
improve its qualities as a periodical. Will 
they not bear this in mind, and act accord- 
ingly ? To these we pledge the fullest re- 
ciprocation on the part of the Journal. 

Our Practical Course of Instruction in 

In the present number of the Journal 
we begin n careful and analytical course 
of instruction in practical writing, which 
will be continued from uumber to number 
until the entire analysis of both small let- 
ters and capitals has been given, with 
practical hints for practice and criticism of 

Each lesson will be fully and appro- 
priately illustrated with the most perfect 
cuts, giving correct p"sitions for body and 
hand while writing, all movements will be 
analyzed and explained, also perfect copies 
of the principles and letters to be made. 
We shall spare no pains to make this course 
of instruction of the greatest utility to all 
teachers and pupils of writing; to either 
it will he worth many times the price of 
a subscription to the Journal. We also in- 
vite teachers and others having new or 
different plans for teaching thau t 
presented in this course of instruction, to 
freely present them to the profession, 
through the ever open columns of the 

It may thus be a grand lever to raise x 
and sustain the profession upon a high 
plain of thought and action than it has 
heretofore occupied, and impart to it new 
dignity and honor. 

All that is necessary to accomplish this 
is a free and liberal interchange of thought 
and experience, and — pardon us, we nearly 
forgot — a liberal subscription to the Jour 

Day's Patent Spacing T Square 
Is one of the greatest aids to artists, 
draughtsmen, architects, engineers, pen- 
men, and everybody who desires to execute 
the most perfect ruling and .shading with 
even greater facility than they can the 
most imperfect without its aid. This is 
simply a common T square, with a head 
constructed in two movable sections, one 
section being moved forward a certain 
space, the other, to which is attached the 
blade of the square, is made to follow it ; 
this being repeated gives a perfectly uni- 
form spacing, the width of which can be 
varied at pleasure by simply turning a 
thumbscrew. This T square can be used 
to great advantage upon any kind of 
drawing, upon a common drawing 
hoard, the same as the ordinary T 
square. It is simple in construction, and 
ical, being but little more expen- 
e than the common square. Toil, nse 
! are greatly indebted for much o| the 
ry perfect pen-shading of letters, pau- 
;, ,vc, which will be observed upon the 
pages of our compendium. 

full description and illustration of 
Hits remarkable instrument, with prices 
Slc, will be found iu another column of 
the Journal. 

paring the Compendium is clearly off our 
hands, it being now in the hands of the 
binder, we can devote more time and en- 
ergy to the JouRNAL.which fact we hope to 
make conspicuously manifest in onr Jftau 
Few number. 

Now, brother penmen, please remember 
that a strong helping naud, in form either 
of practical thoughts, skillful illustrations, 
or increased subscriptions, will greatly add 
to our power to furnish you with a profit- 
able and interesting periodical. 

An Unusual Chance 
To secure, for the small sum of one dollar, 
a very fine specimen of skillful penman- 
ship. We iuvite the attention of readers to 
the announcement of J. W. H. Wiesahalin, 
of St. Louis, Mo., iu another column, of a 
grand raffle, iu which he will dispose of 
several of his flue pen-drawings, including 
the "medley specimen," which attracted 
so much attention an 1 elicited the warmest 
praise at the Centennial. 

We have before us photographs of nearly 
all the works which are included in his list, 
besides many other Bpecimeus from Prof. 
Wiesahahn's pen. They are all marvelous 
exhibitions of skill and genius iu the use of 
the pen. We have the best of reasons for 
assuring our readers that all promises made 
by Mr. W. will he scrupulously and honestly 
fulfilled. Persons in New York or vicinity 
can see copies above alluded to by calling 
at the oflieo of the Journal. 

simple, has enabled us to multiply and 
elaborate designs in all the departments of 
ornamental penmanship to an extent that 
would utterly appal any engraver were he 
to attempt their reproduction on stone or 
metal, while the expense incurred would 
be sufficiently enormous to debar any pub- 
lisher from undertaking its. publication. 

We believe that this work will more fully 
meet the wants of all classes of penmen 
than any other book ever published. 
Indeed, it will be found to be more thau a 
summary of all the works heretofore pub- 
lished pertaining to ornamental penman- 
ship. Copies hound in cloth will be sold 
at our office lor 85 ; bound iu part 
leather and gilt, 37.50, or sent by mail 
post-paid, to any address, on receipt of 
price. We are now ready to receive 
orders, which will be filled iu the order of 
their receipt. To insure the forwarding 
of the work, the cash must accompany the 
order. No abatement or discount from 
these terms will lie made, except to agents 
after having sold five copies. The 85 copy 
will also be mailed free as a premium to 
any person who shall sandaclubol twelve 
subscribers, inclosing S12, to the Journal. 
The S7.50 copy willbf mailed on receipt of 
a club of eighteen subscribers and 318. 
All remittances should he by post office 
order or by registered letter, 
addressed to The Penman's Ai 
Broadway, New York. 

i.l plaiulj 

: Journal, 


n some instances during the past month 

have been unable to reply promptly to 

iinnnicatious which should have re* 

red immediate response. The work of 

prcpannc several complicated pages of our 

pendinm, the labor aud care t iucident 

to it- publication, in connection with pre 

paring the Journal, and our other duties, 

hat taxed our energy aud ability to the 

utmost limits. Now that the labor of pro- 

Ames' Compendium of Practical and 
Ornamental Penmanship. 

This work, the preparation of which was 
commenced about two years since, is now 
complete aud in the hands of the binder. 
Copies will be ready for sale and delivery 
on or before the 10th inst. It has been our 
determination, and no labor has been 
spared, to make this the most practical, 
artistic and comprehensive work upon the 
art of penmanship ever published. It will 
consist of forty-eight 11x14 plates, com- 
prising more thau twenty complete alpha- 
bets, with numerous elaborate and artistic 
designs for engrossed resolutions, memo- 
rials, certificates, book-marking, title-pages, 
monograms, borders, cards, miscellaneous 
designs for drawing and flourishing, &q. 
Works hitherto published have been limited 
to giving alphabets and a few simple de- 
signs for flourishing and lettering. The 
giving of large and elaborate pages of 
practical designs for lettering and scrolling 
has been entirely impracticable by the old 
methods of engraving and printing, on 
account of their great expense. In the 
Compendium there are many pages, each 
of which, to have engraved by any of the 
old processes, would cost many hundred 
dollars, a sum equal to the cost of engraving 
all that is embraced in any one of the 
former publications upon peuiuauship To 
thus engrave our entire woik would cost 
many thousands of dollars, a sum so 
Urge as to be quite unwarranted by the 
probable demand for any such specialty. 

Another gri-at disadvantage of the works 
produced by the old methods has been 
that copy was 60 modified and perfected 
by the engraver as to often reflect more his 
skill than that of the original artist, and 
the pupil was in doubt as to the real skill 
of the reputed author. 

By our new photographic method of re- 
production, the print caunot possibly be 
otherwise, except iu size, than as made by 
the original artist. It must be a facsimile 
of the origiual, and the learner will have 
the satisfaction of knowing that the copy 
came originally from the pen precisely as 
he beholds it printed in the book, and that 
it is therefore practical for him to repro- 
duce the same with a pen, This advan- 
tage we believe to greatly overbalance any 
consideration from the greater degree of 
perfection that might result from the old 
process of engraviug. But this is not the 
only consideration in its favor. The fact 
that we transfer and print the most elabo- 
rate designs, at the same cost as the most 

The Old Story. 

Prof. Russell of Joliet writes: "I would 
like to send you a large c!»h, but the fail- 
jre of the other penman's papers, to which 
I sent large clubs, has been a great in- 
jury to me." 

Prof. Russell is a warm friend and earn- 
est worker, with his pen, for the Journal, 
and would undoubtedly greatly regret, as 
wnuld oil live teachers or admirers of 
penmanship, its failure. Yet for fear it 
may do so he dare not ask his pupils or 
friends to subscribe, aud why ? Because 
they have been disappointed, and lost 
some fractional part of seventy-five cents 
iu some penman's paper, which, after a 
valiant effort for success, failed ; simply 
because penmen as a class failed to prop- 
erly appreciate and support them. We 
venture the assertion, that iu each instance 
the editors of these papers were many 
hundred fold the greatest losers, while 
the profession of penmanship gained much 
from their efforts to establish and main- 
tain a much needed class periodical. 
Viewed in the light of justice and truth, 
these same much abused "failures" de- 
serve encomiums from every penman in 
the laud. They have been the pioneers, 
each making a braver, stronger, and bet- 
ter effort, coming nearer to success than 
its predecessor. They failed like most 
pioueeis, from want of experience, lack 
ol good examples, adequate facilities, and 
a proper appreciation and support on the 
part of those who should have been their 
friends and prtionp. 

But their efforts hav all helped to ojien 
the way, uud they have each furnished 
an additional step-stone for the elevation 
and success of the Journal. That its 
predecessors have failed is no more an 
evil omen to the Journal than was the 
failure of his predecessors to Grant, when 
he took command of the often defeated 
armies of the Union, aud led them on 
to a speedy and most signal triumph. 
The examples of others proved no criterion 
for him ; no more is the examples of 
others a criterion for the Journal All 
the advantages to be derived from their 
examples, a superior location and supe- 
rior facilities, it lias; and efforts which un- 
der less favorable circumstances would 
of necessity fail, is bringing an abundant 
success to the Journal. 

Fuithermore we believe that the time 
has now come when the penmen of Amer- 
ica desire and appreciate the advantages, 
if not the necessity, of a good class pe- 
riodical, and the unprecedented succes 


of the Journal proves that they are a°l e 
and will sustain such a paper. The per- 
manence and a degree of success is cer- 
tainly assured to the Journal, yet no pen- 
man can fail to perceive that the degree 
of its attractiveness and excellence must 
he largely measured by their own liberality 
and efforts in its behalf. Let each bear 
this in mind and le.:d his aid and influence 
nccordingly ; by a slight effort each might 
secure a few additional subscribers, the 
aggregate of which would be strongly felt 
by the Journal, and abundantly repaid in 
a more attractive and better paper. Every 
teacher and pupil as well as admirer of 
Rkillful penmanship in America, ought to 
he a subscriber aud worker for the Journal; 
were this the fact they could safely rely 
npon receiving a Penman's Paper which 
would certainly be an honor to their pro- 

a the Journal. 

Manchester, N. H., Nov. 10, 1877. 

Friend Ames: The November number of 
your excellent monthly has just 
hand, aud I have said a word for 
forthcoming issue of the Home Gut 
variety of excellent fac similes of penwork 
you are giving, as well as of its reading 
matter, makes it, in my opinion, superior 
to any of its predec 

Tlie Penman's Gazette, although, as most 
will acknowledge, the best of its class 
during its publication, did not so fully 
meet the wants of penmen 
Being so far from 
great disadvantage. In that, as in other 
things, you have the best facilities at your 
own doors ; such work can be prepared 
under your own eyes and direction, at a 
considerable saving too of trouble, time 
and expense. The literary character also 
of the paper is good, a very important fea- 
ture. To the contributors much is due for 
their practical aud very readable articles 
on penmanship aud teaching. 

When penmen appreciate, as they should, 
the importance of a penman's paper, its in- 
fluence for their profession, they will do 
still more to aid you in making it take 
rank with the leading class periodicals of 
the day. The profession of penmanship is 
becoming a numerous one ; new men ore 
entering it every year, most of them fresh 
from the business colleges, some with but 
little real preparation for the work. To 
such, a penman's paper is worth many 
times its oost. It furnishes a fund of in- 
formation obtainable in no other way. 
The older men are the first to acknowledge 
the necessity of such a journal, and if it is 
indispensable to them, how much more so 
it must be to the iuexpeiienced. Still 
they are the last to subscribe ! 

lam sure that no penman, old or young, 
veterans in the professions, or beginners, 
can read the Journal without deriving 
great benefit and satisfaction from it. If 
every subscriber would exert himself a 
little to secure one or two more subscribers, 
it would be of more material advantage 
than all the "good words" unaccompa- 
nied with such assistance. I shall take pleas- 
ure in recommending it to all interested in 
beautiful penmauship, and will render you 
such other aid as I can command. 
Yours very truly, 

G. A. Gaskell. 

Soule's Commercial College, 1 
New Orleans, La., Nov. 22, 1877. j 
Pro/. D. T. Ames, New York; 

Dear Sir : You will please find inclosed 
(in another envelope) P. O. order for 
twenty-one dollars, for which send the 
JorusAL for cue year, beginning with No. 
S. to the persons designated on accompay- 
ing page. Yours truly, 

J. B. Condiff. 

Keystone Business College, \ 
Lancaster, Pa., Nov. 30, 1877. ( 
Prof.D. T. Ames; 

Dear Sir ; Inclosed find S20 per P. O. 
order, and a list of the names of twenty 
subscribers (students of the above college) 
to the Penman's Art Journal. The Jour- 
nal iB being recommended to our students 
as " what is good for the teacher is good 
for the pupil." The students of this col- 
lege have unbounded confidence in their 
teachers, who are careful to preserve that 
confidence in the fulfillment of every obli- 
gation toward them, and notwithstanding 
their knowledge of the collapse of nearly 
every other journal similarly devoted to 
the teaching of the art, they accept our 
advice and subscribe to the Art Journal, 
feeling assured that themselves as well as 
their teachers will be greai-ly benefited 
by its persual, knowing that to its columns 
are contributed the best thoughts on the 
subject of penmanship and book-keeping, 
by master penmen and thorough account- 
ants. I have in my possession several 
different publications on the subject of 
penmanship, but I find that the Art Jour- 
nal far excels the best of them as a lumin- 
ous teacher of the subject, as well as a 
most delightful entertainer. I am con- 
vinced of its merits from the few numbers 
that I have read. I hope that its con- 
tinued publication will redound to the 
glory of the profession it represents, as 
well as to ths honor and benefit, pecuniari- 

requested I should become a subscriber of 
the Penman's Journal. From his repre- 
sentation of it, I knew it must be the 
paper I so long had wanted. Since the 
receipt of the first number I have intended 
to write you of the entire satisfaction it 
gives. As au instructor to the profession 
of penmanship it has no equal ; and to the 
learner is second to none ; even to me in 
my business (book-keeper) I find it a never 
failing spring, obtaining from it a vast 
amount of useful information. The lec- 
tures and private essays are full of interest, 
and are self-evident facts of the strong sup- 
port given it by able writers. 
Very truly yours, 

S. M. Gabson. 

Springfield, Ohio, Nov. 19, 1877. 
Prof. D. T. Ames, 205 Broadway, N. Y. 

Dear Sir : In the last issue o^ The Pen- 
man's Art Journal, I noticed an article on 
"Life Scholarships in Commercial Col- 
leges." I, like others, when my Business 
College was first established, issued fccbolar- 
ships for an unlimited time, because it was 
customary, but I abandoned the custom 
years ago, for I distinctly saw that it was 
detrimental to both teacher and pupil ; and 
I sincerely hope that all business colleges 
will abandon the pernicious aud unbusiness- 
like custom. Yours truly, 

J. W. Van Siokles, A. M. M. D. 

On this page we give a specimen of off- 
hand flourishing executed by I. S. Preston 
of Brooklyn, 

Prof. S. S. Packard has just returned 
from a two weeks' trip South for pleasure 
and health. 

A few days since we received a pleasant 
coll from W. H. Sad'er, the accomplished 
president of theB. andS. Business College, 
Baltimore, Md. He looked happy and said 
he was prosperous. 

Cleghorn, president of the B. and S. 
Business College, Brooklyn, recently paid 
us a visit, Mr. C. is one of the strong, 
conscientious and worthy conductors of 
business colleges, and is meeting with well 
deserved success. 

M. D. L. Hayes, whom many of our 
readers will remember as the always cour- 
teous, gentlemanly and enthusiastic agent 
for " The Spencerian " at the house of 
Iverson, Blakemau & Taylor, on Grand 
street, is now engaged in the life insurance 
business in Rochester, N. Y. 

A. W. Madison, A. M M L.L.B., has re- 
cently opened a business training school 
at Ithaca, N . Y. Prof. Madison has had 
extensive experience in teaching writing 
and other branches pertaining to the usual 
business college course. From a long and 
intimate acquaintance with him we com- 

ly, of its managers. The list of subscribers 
for this place I think will be increased to 
36 or 40, as both Prof. Blackman and my- 
self desire not only to procure copies of 
the Compendium, bound in gilt, but we 
also intend to do all we can to help for- 
ward the Journal. 

I am very respectfully, 

J. 0. Miller. 
As we said before, Clnhs are trumps; 
please follow suit gentlemen, the game is 
lively, and is becoming more so. — Ed. 

Piunoevillh, III., Nov. 15, 1877. 
Penman's Art Journal : 

Dear Sib : I wish to call your attention 
to the fiuishiug curve of the small letters 
g. j. y< z, also the capitals J, Y and Z. 

I find in teaching that, if possible, it is 
easier for the pupil, instead of finishing 
the letters mentioned with a left curve 
rising one space above the base line, to 
finish with a slight compound curve when 
any of these letters terminate a word, and 
I think it gives the writing a more artistic 
appearance. May we not hear the opinion 
of some of the professors of this most 
beautiful art ? 

Very truly yours, 

Eugene A. Geer. 

Carrollton, Green Co., HI., ) 
Nov. 19, 1877. f 
D. T. Ames, New York; 

Dear Sir : Some three months ago my 
old teacher, G. W. Brown, of Jacksonville, 

Business College Items. 

E. S. Blackman has purchased the busi- 
ness college at Lancaster, Pa., Prof. Rob- 
inson retiring on account of failing health. 

M. E. Diefendorfer, formerly at the 
Allentown, Pa., business college, is now at 
the Chrittenden Business College, Phila- 

Prof. A. W. Madison, recently connect- 
ed with the Syracuse Business College, 
has established a business training school 
at Ithaca, N. Y. 

H. C. Wright, of the Williamsburg!) , N. 
Y., Business College, hop removed to the 
commodious rooms formerly occupied by 
Carpenter's Business College, Mr. Carpen- 
ter having retired from business. 

The Gem City Business College, Quincy, 
111., conducted by D, L. Musselman, has 
recently counected with it a boarding de- 
partment, in which students are furnished 
with good board and lodging for Sll per 
month. The college is very prosperous, 
as it deserves to be. 

Dolbear's Commercial College, located at 
1193 Broadway, is one of the oldest, if not 
the oldest, in the United States. Mr. 
Thomas P. Dolbear has grown venerable in 
the business ; he is a courteous and pleas- 
ant gentleman, and has enjoyed a long 
period of continued and well deserved 
success in his college. 

mend him as au earnest, faithful, and 
successful teacher, well deserving of sue- 

Mr. T. W. Rhines, a popular young man 
and an excellent penman, in the employ of 
Messrs. Bigelow, Coit & Peck, 150 Broad- 
way, New York, is teaching peumanship in 
Wright's evening school, Brooklyn. 

Answers to 

C. W. R.,MarysvilIe, Ohio.— Youicards 
are well written. Your writing seems to 
lack uniformity. The capitals are out of 
proportion to the other letters. 

J. P. C, Sandy Hill, N. Y.— Our opinion 
of the oblique pen or holder is given below. 
Congden's book on lettering has a good 
alphabet for marking ; for terms see our 
supply list. 

A. S. O., Grass Lake, Mich. — As a rule 
we do uot think well of oblique pens, yet 
for persons who find it difficult or impracti- 
cal to hold their hand over to theio QUlK- 
ciently to bring the nibs of the pei\ fiat 
upon the paper, the oblique pen ux linldol 
will give essential aid. 


J. a. W.. Walpole, N. H — It wonld be 

t-, you tbe proper posi- 
tion of the pen and band (or off-hand 
i ,. aid of. ■ fit, which 
. , iial] the Jen b*al. 

I 01 tmpiOD, N V - 

. ,: right, bal you need 
mneli Dion practice to enable von to Rive 
greater precision and symmetry to your 

]»r or forearm movement for making cwpi- 
..,i in Hi- body of writing. 

W. 0. S.,Troy, N. Y. — We have found 

that applying to the surface of parchment 

in,,. }',, noh whiting or crayon, and robbed 

with a piece "f chamois Hkin, 

greatly Improves il for receiving ink. If 

...,■. i aowi of anything bettm will Niej 

please do us the favor to make it feoowu 
through the columns "i the Jouhmi* 

ii i. s Bnffield, 01 We liave seen 

laccessfal teachers of writing n ho n rob do 

., ,..,ii doj qalte as mnob depends 

upon yoni knowledge oi the theory <>f 

i power to explain, properlj 

criticise, and oorreol the faulu of j 

pnplla, as yoar ability to wrib b - I 

copy. Oar copy slips and this journal will 
aid yon both in practice and teaching 

E, A. G., Princevllle, III.— The price Oi 
o single copy <»f the Joi ra il I LO i eul 
Gold pena are noi commonly used among 
penmen foi copy writing, though often to 
advantage for flourishing and business 
writing ; we use gold pens for quite a pro- 
portion of our work. It is certainly de 
Bfrable to maintain jih nearly as is practical 

mi ereol position while writing, and es- 

i iii care taken when inclining the body 

to do bo from the hips, and to avoid bend- 
ing the back. 

i: C B.,Nortb Grantham, N. H.— The 
wages paid to policy clerks and copyists 
I. in iiranoe oompanies and others varies, 
according to oiroumstances, from S5 
pet wii l, bo 81,000 per annum. In 
the absenoe of the personal influence of 
friends, the best method to secure such it 
position would be byo written application, 

giving specimens of writing, stating other 
qualifications! &a., though at the present 

time we would not consider your piospects 
for success very encouraging. 




J. M. Crawford, Bryan, Ohio, incloses 
some very flue specimens of fancy card 

writing wnb colored inks. 

B r K .binson, Clarksburg, W. Va., 

,,i ■.. q mi \ creditable speoirm n of a flour- 
ished bird ; also writes a very graceful 
■ i cards. 

Mi, E. Blackman, Worcester, Mass., 
sends a very skillfully executed piece of 
flourishing, whioh 1ms been accepted for 
the Compendium, 

,i [ Krauss, piinoipal of Business In- 
stitute iii E iston Pa„ tnolosef i pi rfi cl 
a o! flourishing. Hope to serve 
up something from bis pen soon. 

\ l Root, teaober Of writing in the 
Public School, Cleveland, Ohio, sends an 
elegant letter, and incloses some of the 
finest specimens of card writing we have 
ever examined. 

J. W. H Wiesahah^St Louis, Mo., for- 

. ■■■.t l >usivi' variety of his peculiar, 

■ tohlees, writing. For freedom 

and rapiditj of execution and elegance of 

style. Mr. \V. has few equals and no su- 

pi riom 

1 1 i, Mu snlman, Piinoipal of the Gem 
City Busini a, Quit 03 . Ill . --ends 

two lithograpbio copies of his elegant flonr- 
tiiiug and writing. He also promises 
iimething flue for the January number 

*»l t lie JoUONAL. 



The best method of making the Old English letfers given above, is to use, first, a broad-pointed pen, either quill, steel 
or gold, and then add the spurs and trim the letters with a flue steel pen. Iudia ink is much the beat for all classes of letter- 
ing ; it flows smoother, and doe-* not, like strong chemical ink, leave a ragged edge, or disturb the fiber of the paper. 

Chas. D. Bigelow, Springville, N. ¥•• 
s. uds an original design of flourished bird, 
with scrolling, which is finely executed 
with white ink upon a black card. We 
ma] be able to present it in some future 
number of the Journal. 

W. J. Todd, Walliugford, Conn , incloses 
several attractive card specimens. Mr. T. 

hrs recently taken a course of instruction 
at the Yale Business College, New Haven, 
Conn. His writing does honor alike to 
himself and bis instructors. 

E. M. Huutinger, formerly with Hinnian, 
at Pcttsville, Pa., now teaching writing in 
Warner's B. and S. Business College, 
Providence, R. I., incloses two very grace- 
fully executed specimens of flourishing, in 
the form of a bird and swan. 

Stephen Howland, of the Spencerian 
Bnsiuess College, writes one of the most 
elegant letters we have received, in which 
he incloses several very perfect and beau- 
tiful slips of copy writing. Mr. H. is evi- 
dently one of our best writers. 

J. B. CuudilT, president of Soule's Com- 
mercial College, New Orleans, La., sends 
an excellently written letter, in which he 
incloses eight specimens of writing from 
his present class of Btudents, winch, for 
uuiform excellence, we have rarely seen 
equaled. They reflect great credit upon 
both pupils and instructor. 

H. W. Taft, penman of the Bryant <fe 
Btratton Business College, St. Louis, Mo., 
sends a series of ten photographic copies, 
card size, of ln^ writing, drawing, lettering 
and flourishing. They indicate a high de- 
gree of proficiency in each of these several 
departments of penmanship. Mr, Taft is 
evidently among the finest penmen of the 

Jos. Foeller, Jr., Ashland, Pa., sends au 
attractive specimen of lettering and scroll- 
ing, designed as a Christmas greeting to 
the readers of the Journal; but, like nearly 
all the specimens forwarded to the Journal, 
the ink is tOO pah- to admit of being photo- 
engraved ; hence he, with many other send- 
ers, will be disappointed, and our readers 
fail to see mi eh interesting and beautiful 
work which we should be pleased to pre- 
sent. Moral : use black ink. 

Bryant's Common School Book-keeping 
We have before us a copy of the above 
named work, upon single and double entry 
book-keeping, and which is advertised in 
another Column. A complete examination 
of the same convinces us that it is a most 
excellent work, peculiarly adapted for 
use in schools and academies, from its 
simplicity, conciseness, yet clear and full 
presentation of the science of accounts. 
We see nothing to add, uothing to be 
omitted ; it must be a success. 

Not Responsible. 

It should be distinctly understood that 
the editor of the Journal is not to be 
held as indorsing anythiug outside of its 
editorial columns ; all communications, 
not objectional in their character, or devoid 
of interest or merit, are received aud 
published; if any person differs, the columns 
are equally open to him to say so and tell 

Practical Lessons in Writing. 
No. 1. 

In beginning to practice or learn to 
write, the first thing to be considered is 
position — first, of the body at the desk ; 
secondly, the relative position of the book 
or paper ; thirdly, that of the hand and 
manner of holding the |" 0. 

The position we would advocate at the 
table or desk wonld vary according to 
the size aud form of the desk, and the mag- 
nitude, form and character of the writing 
to be executed. In school or class-rooms, 
where the desk is sloping and narrow, we 
think au erect position with the right- 
side to the desk should be maintained, 

Right POSITION. -In accordance with the 
cut, turn the right side near to the desk 
but not in contact with it. 

Keep the body erect, the feet level on 
the floor. Place the right arm parallel to 
the edge of the desk, resting on the mus- 
cles just forward of the elbow, and rest 
the hand on the nails of the third and 
fourth fingers, not permitting the wrist to 
touch the paper. Let the left hand be at 
angles to the right and rest on the book, 
keeping the book parallel to the side of 
the desk. 

Id commercial colleges and writing 
academies, where the table or desk is more 
spacious, and especially in the study aud 
practice of book-keeping where the books 
are often Targe and numerons, also by art- 
ists and penmen working upon large 

In this postion the same relative posi- 
tion of hand, pen, and paper should be 
maintained as described in the former one. 

Some authors and teachers have also 
advocated a position of presenting the 
left side to the desk, in favor of which 
we have nothing to offer, we believe either 
of those above described entirely prefer- 
able, yet the position at the desk is of 
much less importance than that the proper 
relative positions should be sustained aud 
observed . 

Penholdino. — Take the pen between 
the first and second fingers and thumb, 
letting it cross the fore-finger just forward 
of the knuckle (a) aud the second finger 
at the root of the nail (a) J of an inch from 
the pen's point. Bring the point (0) 
squarely to the paper and let the tip uf 
the holder (d) point toward the right 
shoulder , 

The thumb should be bent outward at 
the first joint, and (e) touch the holder 
opposite the fin-t joint of the forefinger. 

The fir at and second fingers should touch 
each other as far as the first joint of the 
first finger ; the third and fourth must be 
slightly curved and separate from the oth- 
ers at the middle joint, and rest upon the 
paper at the tips of the nails. The wrist 
must always be elevated a little above the 

Finger Movement is the combined action 

of the first and second Sogers and thnmb. 

Fore-Arm Movement is the ai ti t the 

ding tlie hand on the nails of 
the third and fourth finger?. 

Combined Movement is that which is most 


aaed in business penmanship. It is a 
of the forearm with the finger i 
By its use the greatest facility and rapid it* 
are acquired in the formation of capital* 
and small letters of ordinary size, 

Whole-Arm Movement is the action t.l 
the whole arm from the shoulder, witli tl i 
elbow slightly raised, and the hand slid- 
ing on the nails of the third aud fourth 


Main Slant. A straight line 

slanting to the right of the ver-, forming an anqle of 52° 

with the horizontal, gives the 

main slant (M, 3.) for all written letters. 

i ',i,i ,,, . !:>■■■ SI, in i. Curves which connect 
straight lines in small letters, in a medium 
style of writing, are usually made on an 
aogle of 30°. This is called the connective 
• ant [0. S). Seediagram. 

Base Line. The horizontal line on which 
Hie writing rests is called the baseline. 

Head Line. The horizontal line to which 
the short letters extend is called the heail 

Top Line. The horizontal line to which 
the loop and capital letters extend is called 
the top line. 

A Space in Eight is the bight of small i. 

A Space in Width is the width of small it 

The distance between the small letters 
is lj spaces, measured at head line, ex- 
cept in the a, d, <j, and q. The top of the 
pointed mud iu these letters should be two 
spaces to the right of a preceding letter. 

Upper and Lower Turns. In the analy- 
sis of small letters, short curves occur as 
connecting links between the principles. 



appears at the top of a letter, it is called 
an upper turn ; when, at the base, it i>- 
called a lower turn. 

{To be continued.) 

Note.— Lesson No. 2 will commence by 
giving most perfect copii s of the seven 
principles, from which we shall in that and 
subsequent lessons analyze and construct 
all the letters of the alphabet, giving a 
perfect copy of each, the cuts for which 
have beeu kindly toaned to us by Messrs. 
Iverson, Blakeman & Taylor, publishers of 
the Specimen Copy Books, by whom the,> 
are copyrighted. 

List of Practical Books and Journals 

A. J. Bicknell & Co., 

gwftitatfuwrt graft gtfMMkm, 


Mathematical Instruments, Drawing 
Papers, Builders' Tools, Ac. 


Lnil<lit.„ rtews |(1 01 

What Everybody Wants. 

■oil Curds, IS designs . 

|.irc ^-t>v,,i.l, m,. | ,ijui]i,i ii, lv , j'uij, , 

Heboid.— Ex Gov. John A. Dto. 

tls ingenious and ¥kilfnl.-.R«». Edu>, 

I ■u.U.i,,,,'!..,, I-,-h , x -;,• ,, |,, ri ! >| ,t, 

■ i ■'- '■-• lufi, ex-Cnttei 

t.-ffon. ri tL Brittow 
. .«ary, WiaHngtm 

— Sea York Trade Jour 




Common School k-iklol mi press) will bi 


fi.llj deniied .udlu....™,,,,™^.™ 


Business College* in the nmnl sun,., 

hljiI piihlian'er, J r. HKY \N i , liryiii 

. D'-iililv Entry; urineiplt's 

c -^ 

Important to Teachers and Parents. 

■ |,lu,Llj *.*, 

1 iiml simp!.." 

Sold by all Booksellers, St 
7d Broudwaw, New Tort. 

ig the entire ftlpba- 
r. GEORGE 0. BELl! 

Every Variety of Pen Work Promptly Executed in the Most Perfect Manner. 
Alst», Counsel given as Expert on Hand-Writing and Accounts. 


.specially for 

1 by 1 

. It> UK, 

[>II1>I|< "I 

I I 1. . 1 

;h.u'hy iin.i i:n<;ravin(;. 


Street, should be « 
viend Wm. Hnudcc 

>euniiuiflhiii anil I'liKi'usHinii lij J 


«, is unique and appropi 

Itlon at J. p. Carll&Cn.' 

of rure lieiiiity. really .i ti 

iVW,vxmvvw,\A J ' .s. \ v$.s_ w o\K*jyL 


Series of 


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(Trade Mark Copyrighted) 

English Brussels, Three-Ply and iDgrain; also Stair Carpets, Velvet 
Rugs, Crumb Cloths, Oil Cloths, etc., very cheap at the Old Place, 


Carpets oarefully packed and sent to any part of the 
United States C. O. D. free of Express charge. 

Call or send for Price List. J. A. BENDALL. 




School Journal, 

\m..- ill. KcltOKK, I -in.. I . liitiliiy v 

s Kindergarten, Object Tem-hiHK 
ids. Discipline, kc, are fully and 


'•f 17 Witrreu Street, N. Y. 

ii'.' - v iiiMilniN, 2nf. Iiroa.Iwuy. New 

Stimpsons U. S. Treasury Gold Pens. 

cur c : - ■ 

The only Gold Pens ever nuinl.erM to 
\\> .iiinii, n.i ic ■». , -.i each. Sent bj mail ores 


it BAD ( \ it i; I' I I. i> v; 




■ ud lu order to do so r«pid)j,li»vndopud to. nietbod 


■ ■ ■ 



i I'ompuoG 
i . i Hi- n. ' ,i bandaoma figure drawing. 

i i.ove, 

Athala." (after di 


■ ' ■■ i 


■ r Lettering, 

Third Prize- 


lontaLnlng a uuwUt 

Sixth Prize- 

i nnjUiIns heretofore produced, 

800, hi $1.00 eaoli. 

"I" -'I'- It. -n ■ Hi' i !■■ I I. n .i.l 

illile I" luiv.. tin- Kntlli' tiiki' |iliii'i< ulxiiit I'luihl 

poi ■.,!■■. roquc lad bo ■■'■mi in sum Bubs 

Remember, only 800 Tickets at 

«/t £91.00 eacli. 


'^ ' v ' '■'"••>' I'. '•I t'iu'.-r, Wii S |ilii«], 

'■ '■ I i' I'.''. , I Liu,s|| 

i:npr»TinfiP are mort ..■harminply produced. Ti 

Mr. Wlcsehahn. wbo has conquered great difficult) 
xiort bravely, and wboM works will not likely I 
■qualcd by anyone elae. 

"St. Iyiuin Republican." 

wore produced by t 


In Penmanship, by n 

t -ii <■) w..i ■ .[.[i 

m'.-i'.'eI^ iv'/'oiuiT-'liiu,!!! 



\ T OTICE.— Send 35c. for 

"*ut.d .'i fur jl. \.l'lri-K. 
Prof. H. 0. OL,l 

a Photo Ol mi BOMB 

■■r.u,"*-j'is. Vl.iiu. ("inV 
Pliila. Pa. 

, t;nilt odgo, lor wilting 

A '"'*."' 

iet> ol itylea 

"ti.i^viiin; ink. ^ \ iir,.. - 

...,'J.t. ',,,>' .-h!'(. ' . 

Spriugtleld, N. Y. 



mply a .-omiuun T square wit 

id; , d mon T square. 

l,-\V,tli Made stationary in 

Villi a instable, to In 

. :i.-Awu\a.tbl,- blade with 

i'u.'i' ifp, Manufactured ami 
,- TAINTOR, ■!<•:, Hromlway, 

P ^L CK .A R D ' S 


Accounts, with Arithmetical Problems. 


lea rent on receipt of Fifty cents, 

S- S. PACKARD, Publisher. 

THE PBUHAK1 siltllis 

i of the small alphabet arranged i 


:apital alphabet. 


i«l- ill tw.i liriinunil ..nijiiii. ni.ii <li -mns. ill... ii 
in. -tin., I'.ilil wriinii,' and ,|iiiil, tin- Italian car. 
, Jliiln- [irinl, ii.ri.iuL, text rin.l <.],! Km-lish hl|.ln, 

to any address, on receipt of$l 

Knauss' Original Cards 

they contain stamps. 


a, J. T. KNAISS, K.iNton. Pa. 6-8t 

: }oi: 

PTEBKNTBECTPBBfor making black, blue. 




"HOSE wishing beautifully executed cards 
line Hand .0 cto. The sums with address. 

.Card Writers and Penmen, 

Champion Pen Flourished Cards. 

designs original, do 

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VOL. I. NO. 10. 

The Power of the Pen. 

That the pen is mightier than the sword 
is a well-known aphorism. Just how to 
make it the most potent, and far-reach- 
ing in its influence ; just how to uae it to the 
greatest advantage, is a question for the 
statesman, the scholar, and, indeed, every- 
body who would be anything in this busy 
working world of ours. 

"Scholars," said Sir Thomas Browne, 
" are men of peace. They carry no arms, 
but their tongues are sharper than Actus' 
razors. Their peua carry further and 
make a louder report than thunder. I had 
rather stand the shock of a basilisk than 
the fury of a merciless pen. " The trenchant 
pen of our great authors is a power in the 
hand that often makes the rulers quako 
with fear. What was the most powerful 
element to arouse the people and keep up 
their drooping spirits duriug our last ter- 
rible civil war? It was the pen, in the 
hands of a f.?w of our leading journalists, 
whose thrilling articles instilled hope, faith 
and courage into the hearts of the people, 
and inspired in them an indomitable pur- 
pose to do or die, if need be, for the pres- 
ervation of the nation's life. 

To be a forcible writer or speaker use 
simple, plain words, which have far more 
force than far-fetched, high-flown quota- 

Never be grandiloquent when you want 
to drive home a searching truth. Don't 
whip with a switch that has the leaves on 
if you wish to tingle. 

The simplicity of Abraham Lincoln was 
one of the great secrets of his power and 
success. For whatever he spoke or wrote 
the people of all classes could readily un- 

It was one of the virtues of George 
Washington, as given ns by his most relia- 
ble biographers, that his language on all 
occasions was never to be mistaken, and 
that his written reports were models of sim- 
plicity and neatness. " He is," said John 
Adams, "the most remarkable man, in this 
respect, that I ever saw." 

There is, however, another phase to 
this important question, which is certainly 
of very great importance to all those who 
believe that whatever is worth doiug at all is 
worth doing well. I refer now to the abso- 
lute importance of being able to bo wield 
the pen that all writing may be so plain 
that, like Washiugton's penmanship, it 
cannot possibly be mistaken for anything 
else. Many of the wisest statesmen and 
most profound scholars date the very com- 
mencement of their career of success to 
the time when it was a pleasure for the 
compositors to set up their copy, it was so 
plain. Good sermons, elegant essays, and 
mostlogical lectures have Oi'ten been ruined 
when given in print from the illegibility of 
the author's handwriting. Some very good 
things are told of Greeley in this respect, 
and perhaps some of them might bear re- 
peating. On one occasion, it is said that 
he wished to muke the quotation from 
Shakespeare — "'Tiatruel 'tis true 1 'tis a 

Pity 'tis true," but the printer got it, " 'Tis 
two, 'tis fifty — 'tis fifty-two." On another 
occasion, iu making a quotation from the 
Bible— "la there no balm iu Gilead?" 
the printer got it — " Is there no barn in 
Gilford ? " If a person who stammers so 
that no one could possibly understand him, 
was to set himself up for a public lecturer, 
he could be no more ridiculous than many 
writers of fine talents whose penmanship is 
so poor that no one can tell what they 
mean. Reform is uecessary, gentlemen, 
and the sooner the better. It has been 
said by one of the most sensible men in 
this country that if there could be a writ- 
ing-school established in every place where 
bands of miserable scribblers are trying to 
write something which they themselves 
could not read after it was cold, it would be 
a godsend to this country, providing they 
could be made to attend. That very poor 
penmauship characterizes many of our best 
writers and thinkers, is the daily theme for 
disparaging comment by the editors and 
compositors in every newspaper office in 
the land ; and I have often thought how 
much trouble might be saved to over- 
worked printers if the professional gentle- 
men who write for the press could be in- 
duced to improve their penmanship. How 
many mistakes that have caused hard feel- 
ings and bitter remarks might be obviated 
if more care was taken with the writ- 
ing. IE such a very desirable object could 
be consummated, then indeed could the 
printer be saved many a vexatious head- 
ache, and we know he would be ready 
to shower his bhssiugs without number 
upon whoever would be able to bring 
about such desirable results. To you 
teachers of penmanship, is intrusted 
the penmanship of the rising generation. 
Your profession is one that ought and will 
command the respect, esteem and admira- 
ration of mankind, if your conduct, ability 
and education is what it should be. It is 
a profession fraught with UM'foluessto man- 
kind, and you may rest assured that as ig- 
norance vanishes before the rising sun of 
educational light, so will prejudice, 
jealousy, hatred and envy vanish before a 
good teacher of penmanship, like the dew 
of evening before the rising orb of day, 

The Harmony of Form. 

Harmony is the keynote of all art. That 
faculty which is capable of perceiving and 
blending the elements of beauty which 
exist in all organism and law is true genius, 
in whatever department of the good, the 
true and the beautiful it may be exercised. 
Monody in art is an anomaly. Melody in 
music, distinct and sharp outline in paint- 
ing, severe simplicity in sculpture, concise- 
ness in oratory, and singleness of object in 
poetry, all contain the elemeuts of harmony. 
Distinct aa each separate conception may 
seem, there is yet a quality in it which 
cannot be suppressed. Musical molody is 
a harmony in the chiming exactness of its 
time and flow, iu the blending of its se- 
quent notes into choral sense, in the ming- 
ling rush of emotions which it conveys. 
Outline in painting is a harmoDy of sym- 

metry. There may be no double lines, but 
this curve meets that curve and sweeps 
gracefully away iu unison with their mu- 
tual sympathy of direction ; this feature 
supplements that feature, and were these 
different parts of the component profile to 
be isolated, they would have no meaning, 
no completeness. Simplicity in sculpture 
is a harmony. See this chaste sweep of 
drapery ! How harmoniously does it blend 
with the natural form. No elaborate robing, 
no studied poise, could equal in harmony 
this unconscious attitude. Its very sim- 
plicity is so clear and beautiful, so sympa- 
thetic, so harmonic. Conciseness in ora- 
tory is a harmony of translucent logic. 
Though the speaker may not once turn the 
steps of his eloquence to the right hand or 
the left, there is yet in the steady shining 
of his thought a radiance that dazzles the 
mind and causes the blending tints of a 
rainbow to arch the heavens of truth. In 
poetry, too, singleness of object is full of 
harmony. There is an exquisite spell iu 
those quiet, simple, melodious lyrics of the 
elder bards. They flow with muffled 
ouimes above and beneath them, the 
grandeur of a mystic bass, the sweetness of 
a treble tremulo. Their harmony might be 
called the harmony of a gold-linked chain 
on the snow-white neck of truth. 

Fine art, then, always presents a con- 
ception of harmony in the relation of its 
forms ; and this is a thought which it would 
be well for all interested iu the art which 
this journal represents to examine. Much 
effort of late has been expended in 
the direction of elaborate ornamenta- 
tion. Penmen have, it is true, acquired a 
marvelous skill iu the combination of vari- 
ous different series of figures, in themselves 
difficult and complex, but their reward has 
been mainly what such an acquirement 
would naturally produce, viz., wonderment 
and surprise on the part of their devotees, 
instead of appreciation, sympathy, and 
emulation. When one of Robert Brown- 
ing's poems comes from the press the whole 
reading world seeks it as an sesthetic curi- 
osity. Its strange felicities and infelicities 
of expression, its involved rhythm and ut- 
terly entangled sentiment make it an ob- 
ject of wonder and amazement. No one 
thinks of criticising it, because no one can 
arrive at the hidden meaning of the author. 
Browning's poems will all, at no distant 
day, I trust, become dust-deep articles of 
Virtue. And so it is with the systems o* 
some of our modern penmen. They do 
not seem to recognize the harmony of sim- 
plicity. Their productions are all fault- 
less, as matters of execution, but they are 
too complicated for harmony of form ; we 
might, perhaps, call them elegaut symph- 
onies; but, then, you know, there are not 
many who can manipulate the productions 
of these Beethovens of art. What the 
popular taste demands is a system of pen- 
manship more like the original Spencerian, 
though free from many of its crudities, 
"The beauty of simplicity" is a phrase 
with which we are all familiar, and yet do 
not repeat one-half enough. If every pen- 
man would engross this sentiment at the 
head of his practice-sheet, the world would 

oon have some fine and consistent idea 
of the harmony of form ; and while I do 
not, by any means, wish to discourage 
elaborate ornamentation in its proper 
sphere, I do most devoutly declare that 
for the everyday side of life (in other 
things as well as penmanship) we need 
simpler harmonies and more natural forms 

To Character Readers. 
In the December number of the JouBNAn, 
I saw an article headed " Writing Not an 
Index of Character." I have also noticed 
other articles pertaining to the same sub- 
ject. I fell in with the ideas in the last 
one, however, more than the first ; but 
wish to add a few thoughts to that article, 
or rather to express my opinion on the sub- 
ject. First, if we were to judge all per- 
sons by their penmanship, we would mark 
down thousands far below their value. 
To acquire an elegant style of writing re- 
quires much time and practice ; and I 
have frequently known good penmen who 
had a very limited education aside from 
their penmanship, having devoted all of 
their time to practice, and having paid 
their undivided atteutiou to the forms of 
the different characters used in practical 
penmauship. Those persons would almost 
invariably mis-spell every word which could 
be spelled two or more ways. You may 
say, if you wish, that it shows a person to 
be of an elevated mind, of good taste, &c, 
and if he had not great patience and care, 
he could never have acquired such skill. 
le may have had patience and 
(for none can reach a high de- 
sellence without both), but he 
o pride in anything else. He 
may be perfectly regardless of the company 
he keeps and the habits he indulges in. 
It is indeed a poor specimen of humanity 
that has no pride in anything. Good writ- 
ing is simply a cultivation of the eye, and 
learning the hand to obey the require- 
ments of the eye, and not a cultivation of 
the mind. For me to read character, let 
me notice the composition, the spelling, 
Ac, audi will tell more of the real charac- 
ter of the writer than any onecan possibly 
tell of them by their penmanship. How- 
ever, I would not claim that I can always 
tell a person's character in this way, for I 
have often seen persons who could com- 
pose and spell well if they tried, who did 
not care with whom they associated, or but 
little what people said about them. Our 
lancies do not lead us all the same way ; 
but as the twig is bent so inclines the tree . 
S. Moodt, East Burke, Vt. 

Use Black Ink! 

Of the multitude of specimens of writing 
received, not one in fifty can be repro- 
duced on account of the inferior quality of 
the ink. Many who take special pains, 
and execute their best work, that which 
we should be pleased to publish, fail 
utterly from the bad quality of their ink. 
This is frequently the case with those who 
use India ink, which comes from its poor 
quality, or want of knowledge or care in 
its preparation. It must be of good quality, 
and freshly ground in a tray— not dissolved. 
For full information, see No. 3 of Journai* 

Very t 

gree of 
lay ha 


The Book-keeper's Dream. 

nlitlii wm cbrcrlMi, *nd diuiiil. «od tUmp, 
(lie fllckmlnif fl.ior of Ui' dim m«l l«np 
,1 out in lh« wild, fouuli «'i»U lb»l b«*t 
j farloua *pMd Hnonyfa uie gloomy street. 
<u ,,a]||.throbbiDB bead. 
.11, ■> ids Book-keeper slept. 

I. ■,! iln li.nil I 

" i 

Willi- living !h« ■ ,,: 

I uiln Hie Kn-et ■rnl of 11 

Elements of SuccesB. 

Tbe following lecture was recently de- 
livered by D. T. Ames before the Young 
M. ,, 1 loclation of Ellzabelnport, N. J. 
Inasmuch na it was originally prepared 
mainly for the berufit of young men, and 
an bucIi constitute) a very large majority of 
tho render* of the Journal, we have thought 
host lo present it in these columns, hoping 
Unit tome of our young readers, and old 
onus if thoy will, may find some advice 
worthy of consideration and practice during 
the new year: 

How to win success is the great problem 
of homos, life, aud unfortunately, though 
quite easy of solution in theory, in prac- 
i, i! i perplexing and sometimes, as nil 
will beat witness, quite uncertain and dif- 
ficult ; and perhaps it would be presump- 
tion on my port to hope to make the way to 
success so eh- u, or hedge it in so strongly, 
that uonoof njy hearers shall stray into one 
of the many by-ways and there encounter 

failure; and should fcuey dosolcould forgive 
them, for it i* one thing to preach aud quite 
mini In i i" practice ; but whether preaching 
or practicing, one fact should be ever 
borne in mind, that success is no inert 
look or blind fortune, but the sure result 
of Legitimate means used. 

Buoeess i\ however, tendered more oi 
less difficult and often uppareutly con 

trolled irresistibly by oironmstanoes be 

yond the influeuce ot command of ;he 
Individual, the condition of birth, the sur- 
roundings oi society, governments dis- 
criminating between its people, by the crea- 
tion of castes and other hereditary dis- 
tinctions of rank and nobility which are- 
Independent of talent, individual exertion 
or merit may be wt 11 nigh insurmountable 
barriei tin the way of success. A person may 
thus be bopn to fortune or misfortune ; he 

mag be a king or subject, prinoe or serf, lord 

or vassal, mean or noble, simply as the 

scene of his birth happens to be in a 

palace, cottage or hovel. In fact,' persons 

i. 1\ born rulers, princes, nobles 

or lords, to honor or dishonor, wealth or 

povertv. Not unfreqaently great inherent 

talent and acquirements are thus the legal 

aud humble servants or slaves of aristo- 

ibonds and fools. 

i Lth Americans— no distinction 

ol caste, color or creed, birth or fortune, 

is imposed ai a barrier to the highesthouor 

or greatest distinction ; they are born to 

become simply men or women, to get and 

hold place and to win success in accor- 
dance with their claims through merit. 
They are in an important sense the archi- 
tects of their own fortunes, and fully re- 
sponsible for their success or non-success 

i life. 

In obedience to the fact that poverty en- 
joins industry, which is the parent of thrift 
and shield of virtue, we find that most 
frequently the humble cottage and often 
the pioneer's hovel, has been the birth- 
place or childhood home of the most hon- 
ored and illustrious of Americans. 

Of the nineteen Presidents of the United 
States, ten have not been apparently 
favored by birth or fortune— being of poor 
and obscure parentage. Eight were favored 
by fortune— were the sons of wealthy and 
distinguished parents. Thirteen were the 
sons of farmers and mostly of limited 
meauB. Six were themselves early in life 
farmers. Eight were lawyers by profes- 
sion and college graduates, one a clothier 
aud wool carder, one a tailor, and one a 
tanner. Thus we see that almost every 
grade and numeious humble occupations 
have had their representative in the Presi- 
dent of the United States. A similar com- 
parison of the illustrious representatives in 
every trade and profession would do like 
honor to the humble and toiliug masses as 
the grand nursery of true greatness. 

The irresolute, effeminate kid-glove gen- 
try, from the lap of luxury and ullem 
fidters.distanced in the race with the 
constitution, firm purpose and iron industry 
of the hardy sons of toil. The former wastes 
fortunes aud often disgraces iuherited 
honor, the latter wins both. Heuco, let 
young men who envy their more wealthy, 
idle anil profligate companions, and bewail 
their own poverty, rather see in it a dis- 
guised blessiug which will manifest itself 
in a vigorous constitution, strong, hardened 
muscles and habits of industry aud econ- 
omy which will command a more certain 


ml l,i 

Poverty creates a necessity which forces 
out, sharpens, disciplines, and puts into 
action the otherwise latent powers of the 
human soul, makes heroes of sluggards, 
wakes from its slumber genius which 
flashes out upon the world through the 
printing press, steam engine, magnetic 
telegraph, plough, compass, loom and 
other innumerable inventions and discov- 
eries in art, scieuce and literature ; in 
improved systems of government and 
better public institutions, more virtuous, 
intelligent and happy home circles, in all 
that goes to make up the grand total of 
humau progress. Why then bewail pov- 
erty ? It is the lever that raises men to 
fortune and success. In the great strug- 
gles that " try men's souls" the hardy sons 
of poverty and toil always win. As it is 
with individuals so it is with the nation, 
which is only the embodiment of individ- 
uals — it advances or declines, is civilized 
or uncivilized accordiug to the necessity 
under which it is plaoed. 

Rome, so long as her citizens were poor 
and dependent upou their own industries, 
advanced by giant strides to power and 
greatness, until she became the proud 
mistress of the world, but when, by the 
spods of her conquests, her citizens had 
become rich, slothful and voluptuous her 
decline began and her dowufall was not 
less rapid than had been her ascent to do- 
minion and power. 

A New England could never have been 
produced amid the prodigal bounty of the 
tropics. Her sterile soil and rigorous cli- 
mate were necessary to force into the most 
healthy aud vigorous action every faculty 
of the body aud mind, and although poor 
iu her natural resources, by the uuiversal 
industry and rigid economy forced upon 
her by the most exacting aud imperative 
necessity, she has taken and holds the 
front rank for wealth and enterprise— in- 
deed the fame of Yankee tact and enter- 
prise has gone abroad throughout tho 
Upon the other hand, tropical Mexico, 

with a most salubrious climate and a pro- 
lific soil perpetually teeming with the 
most bountiful and rare natural produc- 
tions, is nevertheless poor and without 
enterprise, from the sloth and indolence 
ever attendant upon a less exacting ne- 

Thus far my remarks have been quite 
general in their application. I will en- 
deavor now to apply them more directly 
to individual success. In doiDg so I trust 
I shall be pardoned if I address myself 
more especially to the young men of the 
association , who are just stepping upon the 
stage of independent action, and are form- 
ing habits and characters which will go 
with them and largely determine their 
success or non-success through life. 

If there is in life one period more mo- 
mentous than another, it is that of transi- 
tion from youth to manhood, which is the 
seed-time of life and of such as is then 
sown shall certainly be the harvest of age. 
Pendant upon its decisions and acts, or 
perhaps want of decision, seems to hang 
the destiny of an entire life. If, at the 
outset, the right way and right means are 
chosen, success is easy and ulmost certain. 

If, upon the other hand, the wrong 
course is taken upon the start, not even 
great and good efforts can repair the error 
so as to give full success, but vexation and 
disappointment will be frequent and inev- 

From this reason, many talented and 
promising youug men fail to accomplish 
uuything creditable in their entire lives. 


Much discretion and caie should be 
used to select, as a life pursuit, that voca- 
tion which is most in accord with one's 
taste aud acquirements, to the end that 
the highest powers aud very soul shall be 
enlisted, and hence, every resource brought 
to bear to command success. 

Caution should be exercised lest pride 
should lead to the selection of an unfavor- 
able pursuit. One may desire to become 
a merchaut, lawyer, physician, artist or the 
like, not from being conscious of possess- 
ing ability or taste in that direction, but 
because they are more popular. It should 
be remembered, that it is not the trade or 
profession that honors the man, but the 
man that honors the trade. 

It is more honorable to head a kid than 
to tail a lion. There is no legitimate 
trade or profession so humble or mean that 
it has not, at some time, conferred fortune 
and honor upou earnest aud skilful mana- 
gers; none so exalted or good that some 
misguided aspirant has not miserably failed 
iu its pursuit. 

It U better to be a good servant than to 
be a mean master, a successful tailor than 
to be an unsuccessful lawyer, to be a good 
citizen than to be a bad president. 

skill to 
versal Jack is always a 
The fixed and sing 
trates and intensifies its 
purpose dilutes 
The one perfoi 


purpose coucen- 
roea — the double 
id scatters them. 
luos'. labor with 

the greatest skill, aud receives a corres- 
ponding large remuneration in money aud 
fame, the other toils and drudges like n 
beast of burden, and often with little more 
skill, at the most laborious and ill-paid pur- 

■ 8. noticeable fact, that that species of 
labor which expends the most of physical 
force receives the lowest grade of com- 

The skillful architect, who in a few 
hours drafts the plan for an edifice, re- 
ceives the largest net pay for his time and 
labor of all employed iu its erection. Next 
in degree of compensation is the master 
builder, who labors tittle but to give skill- 
ful direction. Then the skilfull mechanic, 
masons aud finishers, but least of all 
is paid to him who expends most of muscle 
carrying brick and mortar. 

Hence, we infer that brain labor pays 
better than that of the hands, or rather 
the labor of hands, skilfully directed by 
brains, well cultivated by long concen- 
trated and habitual action. 

Wheuce the great diversity of condition 
aud success everywhere so apparent 
among maukiud ? It cannot be attributed 
to genius or education, trade or profession 
since we see that all have their representa- 
tives in every grade of fortune and mis- 
fortune, Nor is it in Ihe diligence or 
amount of labor performed, for ofleu pur- 
sous most diligent and laborious are sorely 
pressed by poverty, while comparatively 
idle persons amass princely fortunes ; it is 


the ■ 

iih which 

One of the primary elements of success 
is well-directed effort. Efforts can be 
well directed only to some definite pur- 
pose ; hence it is all-important that every 
young man s.iould, as early in life as pos- 
sible, fix upon some distinctive life-calling 
upon which to concentrate his efforts and 
fix his aspirations. He will thus not 
only economize time and lab 
by the constant and habitual 
his faculties iu one direction, he v. ill ac- 
quire great understanding, skill and dis- 
patch, which will bestow upon him the 
greatest remuneration and highest fame in 
his particular sphere of action. We have 
striking examples of what may thus be ac- 
complished by concentrated effort in such 
men as Newton, Hersehel, Guttenberg, 
Watt, Fulton, Galvau, Morse and innumer- 
able others who have immortalized then- 
names by making important discoveries 
where casual millions saw nothing worthy of 
note. It is a trite saying that "a jack of 
all trades is good at none." This is true 
from the fact that in vacillating between 
many things sufficient time and study is 
given to no one object to impart sufficien, 

pended upou impractical orbnd plans can- 
not give success, while a very limited 
amount skillfully directed to practical euds 
may give great success. 


Says Mr. Beecher, iu his admirable 
coutse of lectures to young men, "Many 
unsuccessful persona deceive themselves 
by perpetually attributing their want of 
success to ill-luck. ' Luck always ran 
against me,' says Mr. A — , * and there is 
Mr. B— , he was always to lucky.' The 
most unlucky of all uulucky persons is he 
who sincerely believing in luck perpetually 
waits for something to turn up." 

Luck is a fool who misses opportunity 
while waiting for chance to bring him a 
fortune. Pluck is the hero who seizes hold 
of opportunity, U6es the proper means and 

If you do not succeed as well as you an- 
ticipate, do not deceive yourself by attrib- 
uting your failure to want of luck, but 
rather, examine for the cause of your non- 
success. Is not your business ill-adapted 
to your taste and acquirements ? Your lo- 
cation unfavorable ? Might you not be on 
duty a little earlier, and tarry a little long- 
er, and be more diligent all the day ? 
Might you not spend less of your time and 
earnings sporting, or be a little more pleas- 
ing and courteous to your patrons ? If you 
are a lawyer, you may have lost an im- 
portant suit through want of preparation 
or knowledge of the law, which, with 
better habits and closer application you 
might have gained ; if a physician, perhaps 
unpleasant manners or ignorance of the 
profession has preveuted a second call ; if 
you are a merchant, remember that a cus- 
tomer once cheated, sharped or rudely 
treated, goes elsewhere nest time. 

Whatever the occupation, ultimate suc- 
cess depends not so much upon the num- 
ber of new customers eecured each day, 
as upon the success in retaining all the 
old ones. For, suppose one get by false 
advertising, attractive show-cards or other 
extraordinary means, twenty new custom- 
ers each day, but cheats or ill-treats them 
so that they come not again, at the end of 


lucky — winch 
; of legitimate 

is— like the 

the year he has not a single regular cus- 
tomer. Upon the other hand, he who gets 
but one new customer each day, but 
through courteous treatment and fair deal 
that one is retained, at the end of the year 
he has three hundred regular cutoiuers and 
each day and year brings him a steady in- 
crease of business and success. 

The quack with his twenty new custom- 
ers is soon found out and gets nobody, fails, 
and, in the opinion of himself nnd friends, 
he isa very unlucky mau, while the other, 
with his increasing patrons and growing 
business, is regarded 
he really is in making 
means for success. 

A thorough knowledge of business, cli se 
application to it, with good habits, strict 
integrity and a true gentlemanly deport- 
ment will banish all the ill-luck fools ever 
dreamed of. 


The real basis of all true success is hon- 
esty ; auy fortune or apparent 
reared upon any other basis 
house built upon the sands— a dangerous 
possession. Laying aside the religious or 
legal obligations (conclusive as they are), 
no man, as a matter of policy, can afford 
to be dishonest. Whatever is obtained by 
dishonest or unscrupulous means, whether 
of wealth or position, is polluted and in- 
capable of conferriug a full measure of 
good upon its possessor. 

I often hear it said that strict honesty 
and truthfulness in trade is impracticable ; 
that everybody cheats, and in order to 
thrive among cheats I must cheat. This, 
from a purely business point of view, is a 
great mistake. 

The shrewd horse-jockey may by false 
booda and misrepresentations realize 
twenty dollars more from a bargain than 
he would if the truth were told ; but the 
truth is soon known, when he is branded 
as an untruthful nnd dishonest man, is 
distrusted and shunned. Thus his chauces 
for a fair bargain in the future are injured. 

So the unscrupulous and flippant clerk 
by misrepresentation 
above a fair price, which 
by his customers, who 
elsewhere next time. 

Thus he really sells a good customer, 
with years of profitable trade, for a six- 
pence, cash down. I believe this a fair 
representation of unfair deal— a sixpence 
now for many dollars prospective. Under 
all circumstances, "Honesty is the best 


Strict economy is essential to financial 
success ; no salary or income is so great 
that it may not he squandered. What- 
ever is your income live within it. It is a 
duty alike due to yourself in old age, and 
those who may be dependent upon you 
for support that you lay aside a part of 
the earnings of manhood. Disease or disa- 
bility may overtake you when, if by econ- 
omy you have put nothing aside, cold 
charity must be appealed to for aid. At 
least save that which is worse than use- 
lessly expended for cigars and intoxicating 
drinks, which alone with many wot 
give a competency for old age — in fact, 
cigar and a drink a day wastes a fortune at 
old age. 

Suppose a cigar costs ten cents, a drink 
fifteen cents, these are moderate figures, 
the cost per day is twenty-five cents, this in 
a year amounts to §91. 2y, this amount saved 
annually nnd placed at six per cent com- 
pound interest, from the age of 14 to 60, 
would amount to— how much ? ily figures, 
which are true, will surprise you— $33,018,- 
34; if kept at 7 per ceut compound interest, 
it would amount to S59, 744. 56, sufficient, at 
least, to relieve oue from becoming a bur- 
den upon public charity. All that saved 
by refrniuing from the unnatural health 
aDd life destroyiug habits. Hence, not 
only is wealth increased but life and 
health is pr.ilon»» d for its enjoyments. 

i money ; 

a sixpence 
soou discovered 
11 surely trade 

ployed in trode it brings money ; devoted 
to judicious reading, study or mental im- 
provement it enlarges the capacity and 
sphere of usefulness. 

What young m; 
least one-half of an 
years passed to be i 
in the aggregate su 
proved, to ha 

has not allowed at 
our each day of the 

-t.-d i 



ent, if properly in 

the world, to have distinguished him i 
literature or enabled him to acquire tl 
capacious knowledge and general inform 
tion sufficient for a most ready and fluei 

Many have devoted their lei 

e reading of exciting tales 

id fiction, which not only wastes time 
but weakens the understanding, cnrrupts 
and vitiates the tastes so that ultimately 

upon the time and patience of others who 
are parties to the eugagement. It costs no 
more to be on time than to be absent or 
late, wbde much is gaine 

Another prominent element of sac cess is 
temperance. It promotes health, prolongs 
life, increases wealth ands odd immeasur- 
ably to happiness ; but perhaps the best 
estimate of the true value of temperance 
miy be reached by way of contrast, with 
the terrible scourge of intemperance which 
is beyond a question the most powerful of 
all the ageuts of his Satanic mojesty for 
non-success. More brigTit, promising lives 
go down to ruin and premature death 
through intemperance than from all other 
causes. Its blighting touch reaches every 
class of society, the strong and the weak, 
he rich aud the poor, the talented 

itreogthens the appetite and weakens th e 
power of resistance, and the victim is as 
powerless to arrest his course down to the 
drunkard's doom as the car to stop its 
se down an inclined plaue. It may 
give pleasure for to-day, but is certain 
pain for to-i 

Time to the industri 

good, wholesome reading is avoided as 
too irksome. When you read, read that 
which will contribute some elevating and 
useful knowledge ; that which will make 
yon wiser and better men, more useful to 
yourselves and better and worthier citi- 

A great element of success is punctuality. 
The physician who habitually vexes your 
patience by being tardy is soon displaced 
by one more prompt and punctual. The 
anxious client who often finds his lawyer 
absent from business in his impatience 
seeks counsel elsewhere. Want of punctu- 
ality is alike ruiuous to business aud repu- 
tation ; no confidence is placed in one 
who upon slight pretexts breaks his eugage- 
ment. You have no right to break an 
engagement ; by so doing you trespass 

the foolish, are finally made to meet upon 
the lowest level and become boon compan- 
ions of the swine by wallowing in the same 
mire — respectability being in favor of the 
swine. Unlike other agents of non suc- 
cess, intemperance always deals double 
blows, at the life and purse of its victim. 
A man may be cheated, robbed, or burned 
out of his home.buthis mind, his ability to 
repair his losses, remains ; but he who 
pays a dollar for intoxicating drink, loses 
not only his money, but destroys more 
than five dollars worth, of ability to earn 
the next dollar and for its enjoyment ; 
hence the unparalleled rapidity and cer- 
tainty with which the votaries of intemper- 
ance glide on to their final doom of physi- 
cal and moral death. 

The dauger begins with the first indul- 
gence ; no tippler is safe; each glas- 

Great care aud cautiou should be exer- 
cised in the choice of companions — a 
man is known by the company he keeps. 
This comes from the fact that persons of 
like tastes aud associations iustinctively 
gravitate to wauls each other. The gambler 
associates from chuice with gamblers, the 
thief with thieves, the drunkard haunts 
the den where his drunken associates con- 
No oue can Jong mingle with vile, vulgar 
crimioal corapanionsaud escape coutami- 
: of their bad 

nation, or avoid the just od; 
acts and reputation 

virtuous companions 

tiply and strengthen his 

while refiued and 
ieitaiuly mul- 
i virtues. 

Such are what I deem to be some of the 
important elements of true success, but 
perhaps the greatest problem of all to solve 
is— What is true success ? 

a doubt the real end and aim of 
It follows then, that that 
?e which is most productive of bappi- 
leads to true success. Is this to be 
found in the greatest wealth ? The most 
brilliant fame or highest honor ? Not nec- 
essarily in either or all of these combined. 
The miser, hoarding mammon, tightens his 
clutch upon his gold as its bulk increases, 
and avarice dries up the fountains of his 
soul, until, like a beast of prey, he growls 
at the approach of the needy and desti- 
tute ; he lives for himself, dies alone, un- 
Wealih, honestly acquired 
and judiciously expended is, in a measure, 
success, but if meanly acquired to hoard 
or expend forself, riotously or in crime, it 
becomes simply the measure of one's 
meanness and ultimate woe and degrada- 
tion. So if it is a potent agent for good, it 
is as potent for evil. So position or power 
if legitimately acquired aud used as a 
greater means for promoting individual 
happiness, to give greater justice and 
protection to the weak, or to contribute 
largely to the general welfare of 
kind is, in a measure, success ; but if 
obtained by violence and intrigue, or like 
that of Alexander and Napoleon, by wa- 
ding through seas of blood, over pillaged 
aod war-swept states, it is only a vast meas- 
ure of crime aud desolation. 
01 fame, the poet sings : 
" Tby fanes, thy temples to the Mivface bows, 
b of every tUitlo plough: 

True success must come from within 
ourselves ; it is the spontaneous outgrowth 
of our owu good qualities, of great personal 
merit, it emanates from a heart aud soul so 
large as to enable us to rise above mere self 
and to become the "Good Samaritan," to 
the good and happiness 
of others. -These qualities, with simple 
plenty, give a surer claim to true success in 
life than all the wealth, power or fame in 
the universe can without them. Strive not, 
then, for riohes simply, but to put to the 
best use that which you may acquire. 

A Rare and Special Premium 

We shall continue to send a copy of the 
John D. Williams master-piece, which was 
fully described in our May issue, to each 
uew subscriber, until further notice. It 
receives the most flattering praise from all 
who have seen it. 

Professor S. S. Packard: I am sure 
that whoever possesses this flue work can 
honestly claim to have the most perfect 
and elaborate specimen of off hand flour- 
ishing yet produced. 

Professor B. F. Kellcy says it is a model 
to be imitated, but not excelled. 

Professor J. H. Lansley : I am aston 
ished that even Williams could have pro- 
duced anything so near perfection. 

C. H. WiOcins, Manchester, N. H. : "I 
am delighted with it." 

H. K. Hosteller, Sterling, 1U. : "I am 
highly pleased with it,; it should be in the 
hands of every lover of pen art." 

Harkness Magazine, Wilmington, Del: 
"It is a most beautiful specimen of pen- 
mauship, delightful to behold." 

C. B. Carrier, Vandalia, Mich.: "'It 
is a wouder to all." 


PablUhed Monthly at »1.00 P«r I'M*. 

D. T. AMES, Ennoa *wi> Feowttob, 

90S BrtMdirej, N*w York. 

112 00 12- "o *■'■* 

of imei' OoraprmlmtTi if OrnMBonta] 
prlM v>. Tii- una bound in riu will 
•IghtMo mbMriban ind f ih, price ITJH 

■ Motived "ti ■"■ btfo 

.U -l«!l' . 


The Journal and Business Colleges. 
While the Journal will be devoted 
primarily to the advancement of the art of 
penmanship, it will also take o lively in- 
terest iu all kindred subjects, each as book- 
keeping, correspondence, &c. ; in short, all 
those branchea and sabjects that con- 
stitute the proper course of instruction 
a business college ; and its columns 
e open for communication and informa- 
in concerning any subject pertaining to 
eh a course. We regard a well-conducted 
isiness college as among the most useful 
id deserving institutions of this practical 
age. The Business College deserves to be 
ked with the numerous other great dis- 
eries and improvements of the nine- 
teenth century. It is to education what 
steam and electricity is to commerce. Not 
only is it to be honored for its direct prac- 
tical utility, by affording special facilities 
for acquiring, with the leiist sacrifice of 
time and money, a knowledge of the ways, 
forms and customs of bnsiuess, but for 
the great reforms its establishmant has 
forced upon the old classical and other 
public institutions of learning. Limited 
space forbids nn extended article upon 
this subject at this time. It is our inten- 
tion to improve the earliest opportunity to 
place before our readers our views on the 
relative standing and mission of classical 
ial colleges. 

plains, and gives apt illustrations of the 
manner of constructing letters and writing, 
with equally apt criticisms and suggestions 
for the correction of faults in the writing 
of his pnpils, will always be a success, so the 
pupil who studies and analyses his copy 
at the same time he strives to imitate it, 
can hardly fail of making rapid improve- 
ment and of ultimately becoming a skillful 
writer and teacher. 

A Happy New Year. 

To all the readers of the Journal wt 
earnestly wish a happy New Year, pavtieu. 
larly those who nx subscribers, contributors 
or otherwise, have lent strong, helping 
hands to its encouragement and support. 
Through their aid, and the earnest anc 
arduous efforts of its editors, the Journal, 
is now, only ten mouths since the issue of 
its first number, among the most widely 
olMufatod and popular class papers issued. 

There is scarcely a reputable teacher of 
writing or book-keeping in the hind who is 
not ii subscriber, and friend of the Jour- 
nal, while hundreds of mere pupils and 
admirers of penmanship are among its 
subscribers and helpers. Many who at 
the ontiet withheld their Hid, from being 
skeptical regarding its continuance, and 
success arc now amoug its most confident 
and earnest supporters. 

Wo hope during the coming year to 
rondel uoh number of the Journal more 
and more interesting, which we certainly 
shall do, if we judge rightly of the spirit and 
ability of Its patrons, and our brother 

penman to aid us in OM efforts. We 
trust that they will all bear iu mind that 
,, many hands make light work." that a 
little help from each of the many, as con- 
tributors of interesting rending matter 
aUnoUve illustrations, or by securing a 
few new subscribers, will in the aggregate 
tarnish us witb gnat additional power for 
supplying them with a more interesting 
snd attractive paper 

The Journal as a Medium of Advertising. 
We invite the attention of penmen and 
others to the value of the Journal as a 
medium of advertising. It has now attain- 
ed to a circulation equalled by few class 
papers. For penmen, and persons having 
publications, merchandise, or other things 
which are desired by teachers, artists and 
scholars, the Journal presents unusual 
facilities, while its terms are much too low 
considering its wide circulation, its rates 
for advertising will be largely increased 
at the end of the current volume. 

How to Become Skillful Writers and 
All teaching and practice of writing, 
should be upon the basis that writing is 
both n science and an art : as a science il 
is mechanical, as an art it is imitative, by 
pupils having great power for imitation 
and little tnste or faculty for mechanics, 
writing will be acquired almost solely by 
imitation, such pupils will always be the 
first to show improvement, and frequently 
become the best writers in a class, during 
a course of lessons, but when the copy is 
removed and the practice ceases, all signs of 
improvement are usnally also gone. To the 
mind of such a pupil, the copy exists 
and is present only upon paper, and when 
removed leaves a very faint mental im- 
pression, while the more mechanical pupil 
who has Btudied carefully and critically 
the mechanism of the letters, and who, 
perhapB, has exhibited much less marked 
improvement during the course, will receive 
and retain a correct and more vivid mental 
impression of the copy. Its removal will 
have little effect upon his writing, for 
already its form and mechanical construc- 
tion is so vividly impressed upon his mind 
as to be hardly less present, than if upon 
paper before him, he will continue to im- 
prove and will certainly iu the end write a 
correct, legible hand. But it is when 
these fncnlties are united that we expect to 
fiud the really successful pupil —skillful 
writers and teachers. The person who 
has acquired a good style of writing purely 
by imitation is totally unfit to teach writ- 
ing as he will seek to impart skill in the 
same manner he has received it, which 
will succeed only with a very limited few, 
who like himself, have great power of 
imitation. This principle will account for 
the notorious fact that many good writers 
are very unsuccessful teachers, while 
many others, very ordinary writers, secure 
surprising results as teachers ; the mechau- 
ical teacher who thoroughly analyses, ex- 

Will It Pay? 
Is the question asked by every practical 
man when invited to invest in any new 
enterprise. Convince him that it will, and 
you get his money and influence. Now, 
we ask penmen to subscribe for the Jour- 
nal. We imagine that we hear them ask, 
will it pay ? and reply yes, and why ? 
Because the Journal will come to them 
each month, bringing new and fresh 
thoughts and suggestions from the clearest 
minds in the profession for their instruc- 
tion and advancement in their chosen 
calling. Knowledge is power, and those 
men, in any pursuit, who read and think 
most, are the bright and shining lights — 
the conspicuous and successful leaders in 
their Bpecial calling. We know penmen 
who are receiving high honor and a liberal 
income from their profession, and who are 
never in want of an opportunity. We 
know many others who are without fame 
and success. The former hove availed 
themselves of every opportunity to gain 
skill and information, and almost without 
exception were the first to subscribe for, 
and contribute their thoughts to the 
Journal, while the latter were slow to 
subscribe, or are among those who still 
hesitate, asking — will it pay ? 

We feel confident that each number of 
the Journal carefully read by any young 
penman, will impart many dollar's worth 
of power to win fame and money as pen- 
men. The Journal is already a power 
among penmen, and we trust that the time 
is not far distant when every penman in 
the laud will realize the fact that he can 
not only afford to have it, but that he can- 
not afford to be without it. 

Ames's Compendium 
is being rapidly mailed to all parts of the 
United States and Canada, and every- 
where elicits the warmest praise. It is 
miiled, post-paid, to auy address on receipt 
of 85, bound in gilt 87 .50. or as a premium 
free, on receipt of a club of twelve sub- 
scribers, at SI each for the Journal; bound 
in gilt for 18 subscribers aud 818. 

No penman can afford to be without a 
copy of this work. It certainly presents 
more that is of practical utility in the study 
and practice of ornamental penmanship, 
than the sum total of all other works upon 
that art. 

Its very low price, and the facility with 
which penmen and others desiring it can 
secure clubs for the Journal among their 
friends aud pupils, places the work within 
the easy reach of all. 


We are requested by Prof. Wiesehahn to 
annonnce to the readers of the Journal 
that, owing to the shortness of time, he 
found it quite impossible to dispose of the 
tickets in season to have the rnffle for his 
specimens come off on Dec. 25, and that 
the time has, therefore, been postponed to 
February 22. We repeat what we said 
concerning Prof. W.'o specimens in our 
last issue. They are most excellent aud 
marvelous specimens. Photographic copies 
may be seen at our office, where also 
tickets for the raffle can be had. We also 
call attention to his advertisement on the 
eighth page. 

Our Supply List. 
The attention of penmeu and artists is 
invited to our list of articles adapted to 
their use, on the seventh page, any of 
which wdlbe sent promptly on receipt of 
the price named. 

Onr Holiday Callers. 

During their holiday vncation, many 
penman have favored our sanctum with 
their genial presence. Among them 

Prof. S. S. Packard (our regrets for 
being absent) ; Prof. C. C. Curtiss, of Min- 
eapolis, Minn, (our pleasure at being 
present) ; Prof. L. D. Smith, the accom- 
plished teacher of writing and drawing in 
the public schools of Hartford Conn. ; F. 
R. Smith, penman, from the Rochester Bus- 
ness University ; G. W.Lnttimer, principal 
of Business Training School, Paterson, N. 
J.; H. 0. Wright, from Brooklyn ; G. A 
Stockwell, from the N. J. Business Col- 
lege, Newark, N. J. ; A. A. Chirk, penman 
at Gregory's Business College, Newark, N. 
J. All came smiling in anticipation of 
seeing the Compendium, and seemed es- 
pecially happy as they left with a copy 
under their arm, and promised to increase 
our happiness by sending large clubs of 
subscribers for the Journal. 

Christmas Reception. 
A very pleasant Christmas reception was 
given yesterday by Prof, and Mrs. W. H. 
Sadler to the students of the Bryant, Strat- 
ton & Sadler Business College, of this city, 
at their pleasant home at Ii vington on the 
Catonsville road. A bountiful collation 
was spread, to which full justice was done 
by the many visitors. — Baltimore Daily 

" We tender earnest regrets for our ina- 
bility to accept a kind invitation to be pre- 
sent to share in the generous hospitality. 

Anniversary of Packard's Business 

The nineteenth anniversary of Packard's 
Business College was held at the college 
rooms, Friday evening, December 14. 

The exercises, which are said to have 
been very interesting, consisted of music, 
recitations aud adresses. Iu the College 
Tell- Tale, for January, which fiuds its way 
to our sanctum just as the Journal goes to 
press, we find verbatim reports from notes 
takeu iu short-hand by Miss Lottie Hill, 
teacher of phonography in thiB college, of 
the addresses delivered upon the occa- 
sion by Prof. Parkard, Rev. W. R. Alger, 
Superintendent Kidde and others. 

The speakers presented in a felicitous 
manuer, much sound, practical advice to 
the young men, and some very timely re- 
marks concerning the business college 
course of training. 

Liberal Premiums. 
Please read our premium list, first column, 
on the fourth page of the Journal, and see 
if it will not pay you to make an effort to 
secure a few subscribers, the works offered 
are all valuable, the books are standard 
works, and are invaluable to all teachers 
and students of writing, while the Jouhnal 
is well worth many times its subscription 
price to all persons interested in skillful 
writing or teaching. Now, is the time to 
subscribe, commencing with No. 9, so as 
to get all our practical lessons in writing. 

Orton & Sadler's Business Calculator and 

Accountants' Assistant, 
is invaluable to meu iu every trade or 
profession. We have never examined a 
work giving an equal amount of thoroughly 
practical information pertaining to arith- 
methical calculations in so limited a space. 
It is worth many times its cost. See adver- 
tisement on another page. 

Bryant's New Series of Book-keeping. 

We invite attention to Mr. Bryant's ad- 
vertisement on the first column of the 
eighth page of the Journal. These are ex- 
cellent works upon the subject of book- 
keeping, and should be examined by 
every teacher of accounts. 

Business College Item. 

All closed for a Merry Christmas and n 
Happy New Year. 


J. A. P., Niv 

, Pa; Too 1 

proper pro- 

very creditable improvemen 
tals are too large to be 11 
portion to the small writing. 

F. P. L., White Rock, Ark. Tour 
writiDg is good, It is plain and legible ; 
you lack the grace which comes with a 
more rapid movement ; yon evidently 
write mainly with the finger-movement. 

M. L. H-, rbillipsburg, N. J. Your 
writing is very excellent — it is uniform, 
legible, and in good taste, but not of a 
style suited to give ease and rapidity of 
execution, being too much shaded. 

W. R. C, Carthage, Miss. Registered 
letters are at the risk of the sender as a 
rule. We will, however, assume the risk 
on receiving the postmaster's duplicnte 
receipt stating that he has mailed a regis- 
tered letter postmarked to ns, stating the 
amouut of the inclosure. 

R. A- L., LiCros^e, Wis. Tour sugges- 
tion that we should charge $2.00 for the 
Journal nest year is correct, if we are to 
charge according to its worth, but we pre- 
fer a low price and wide circulation to a 
full price with a limited 
number of subcribers. 

C. A. P., Mt. Vernon, 
Iowa. Question — W~uld 
it not be a good idea to 
have a system of writing 
arranged especially for 
left-hand writers ? Have 
the main slant to thelert 
instead of the right. We 
think it a good idea for 
the left handed man, bot 
doubt if the demand 
would be sufficient to res 
numerate the publisher. 

J. O., Atlanta, Ga. 
Question 1. — Is it nece- 
ssary that a pupil should 
know just how many timse 
a straight line, right 
curve, left curve, npper 
and lower angles, &c. , 
occur in making the small 
alphabet ? An?. — No 
more so thau it is to 
know just how many peas 
are required to make a 
bushel, or drops of water 
in a barrel— the thing essential to know is, 
when each should occur, by understanding 
the correct form and analysis of each 
letter. Question 2.— What is to be done 
for pupil* who write either too straight 
or too bhinting ? Ans. — In our experience 
we have found that such faults were best 
corrected by giving the pupil a copy 
representing the opposite extreme, by en- 
deavoring to imitate which, the pupil 
will, in mostcases, reach a medium which, 
with a little care, can be maintained. 

C. S. , Hamcrsville. O. 1st.— How can 
I make the most improvement at home 
this winter and at the least cost, for my 
money is getting scarce ? Ans.— Send 10 
cents for a sheet containing 40 excellent 
copies, subscribe for the Journal, begin- 
ning with No. 8, in which the proper man- 
ner of their use is explained. In No. 9 is 
commenced a course of practical lessons ip 
writing which would aid you materially. 
2d.— If I should want to teach, wha\ 
system should I study? Ans.— It is : 
especially material ; either of the standard 
systems, Speucerian or Payson & Duuton. 
3d. — Would it not be best for me to study 
flourishing ? Ans. — Not before acquiring 
a good plain baud. 4th. — What would 

W. E. Dennis, Chester, N. H., sends an 
elegantly flourished swan and bird. 

S. Moody, East Burke, Vt., incloses 
some very creditable specimens of flour- 
ished cards. 

G. T. Oplinger, Slatington, Pa., sends 
several attractive specimens of photo-litho- 
graphic cards. 

J. R. Farrel, 222 Hewes Street, Brook- 
lyn, N. T., sends a very artistic and skill- 
fully executed piece of lettering and draw- 

W. L. Dean, Penman at Wyoming Com- 
mercial College, Kingston, Pa., incloses a 
package containing a variety of elegant 
writing. His off-hand capitals are especial- 
ly free and graceful. 

A. A. Clark, Penman at Gregory's Busi- 
ness College, Newark, N. J., sends a very 
elegant specimen of off-hand flourishing, 
also a quantity of elegantly written cards. 
Mr. Clark is evidently an accomplished and 
skillful penman. 

F. P. remit is teaching classes in Min- 
nesota. He incloses specimens indicating 
the improvements of pupils in twelve les- 
sons of writing, which are very creditable. 

J. W. Martin is teaching large classes in 
writing in Butler county, Pa. 

P. R. Smith, Penman at the Rochester 
(N. Y.) Business University, called upon 
us during his holiday vacation. We had 
the pleasure of examiuing his scrap-hook, 
which contains an extensive variety of fine 
specimens of his penmanship, 

Edward E. Jones, a very skilful pen ar- 
tist, formerly of Paterson, N. J., is now 
in the employment of D. Appleton & Co., 
for whom he has recently prepared, for re- 
production by photo-engraving, several 
very attractive designs for drawing and 
copy-book covers. 

C. H. Pierce, Principal of Normal Pen- 
manship Institute, Keokuk, Iowa, forwards 
a second club of twelve subscribers to the 
Journal, and reports that he is having 
better success than ever before. Mr. 
Pierce is a good writer and an accomplished 
teacher, and evidently deserves the suc- 
cess he is enjoying. 

0. 0. Curtis, formerly with Packard, 
now from the Minneapolis (Minn.) 
Business College, has been spending his 
vacation in this city, making arrangements 
for a revision of his popular and excellent 

of age for office duties ; must be correct in 
fignres, a good penman and have a knowl- 
edge of double-entry book-keeping. A 
graduate of a recognized business college 
preferred. State habits, references and 
salary expected. Address, 

Henry C. Wrioht, 
Box 130, Station W., 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
I should prefer to have the answers to 
this advertisement written ou commercial 
letter-paper, reserving a margiu of three- 
quarters of an inch on the left hand side 
of the sheet. The following diagram will 
serve as a model. 

i the envelope to be 

Persons desiring Congdon's books on 
lettering and flourishing, are requested to 
send their orders direct to the Art Jour- 
nal, For terms see our penman's supply 
list. Special raten to the trade. 

you charge to instruct by mail ? Ans. — 
We have not the time to do so ? 

Send Postage Stamps. 
Remuiittauces for sums less than a dol- 
lar may be made in postage stamps. 

N. Beardsley is meeting with succes 
teaching classes in North-eastern Ohio. He 
is an easy, graceful writer. 

A. B. Capp, of the San Francisco 
Business College, is in poor health. 

E. W. Mason, formerly at Ponghkeepsie, 
liter at Providence Business College, is 
now at Kansas City, Mo. — 

M. J. Goldsmith, an accomplished^ 
teacher and penman, has recently pur- \- 
chased Hinman's Business College, Potts^/., 
Seville, Pa. ^ 

E. S. Blackman, Principal of the Lan- 
caster (Pa.) Business College, has been 
spending the holidays with friends in 

E. M. Hoffman, one of the most accom- 
plished writers and successful teachers of 
the far West, is teaching in California with 
marked success. 

Chas. D. Bigelow is teaching classes in 
Western N. T., where he is having good 
success, which, judging from specimens of 
writing we have seen, is well merited. 

series of copy-books, and also for the en- 
graving of a series of charts, to accompany 
their use in schools. We had the pleasure 
of examining some of his copies prepared 
for the engraver. In their delicacy of 
line, good taste, correctness of form, we 
have never seen them excelled. Mr. 
Curtis* series oF copy-books nre now ex- 
tensively used in the public schools of 
Minnesota, Iowa and Wisconsin. From 
their arrangement, graduation, &c, we 
are convinced that the books, when revised, 
will have no superiors iu the country. 


Probably most of your young readers 
e preparing themselves for business, and, 
recognizing this fact, perhaps I can do no 
better than to ask their reply to the fol- 
ng advertisement. It will at least af- 
ford them 4 an opportunity to test their abils 
petition with others, and, know- 
ing what others think of their efforts, will, 
I doubt not, lead to their advantage. If I 
am able to suggest any alterations or im- 
provements in the answers that may come 
to hand, I shall be only too glad to do so 
in the next number of the Journal — not 
forgetting to mention those who do well, 
and, perhaps, publishing, if space permits, 
the reply that in my judgment I think the 

Wanted. — A yc 

The student who sends me the best 
iswer to the above advertisement, tak- 
g into consideration neatness, order, 
sptlling, penmanship and language, will 
have sent to his address a copy of the 
Journal for one year, and his 1-tter pub- 
lished in the following number of the 
Journal. Henry C. Wright. 

All communications relative to the 
above should be addressed to Henry C. 
Wright, Box 136, Station W., Brooklyn, 
N. Y.— fEp. 

Specimen Copies. 

e have printed a large number o 
extra copies of the January number of the 
Journal, to be used as specimen copies. 
To persons who are endeavoring to secure 
clubs, or have acquaintances who would 
probably be interested, we will mail extra 

28 on application. 


Practical Lesion in Writing. 

no. 2. 

In the following lesson we commence 

tbe anolyu'fl <>f writing, which we do by 

| the letter and 

., ipla which 

UltttI Into itHcoufltrnctioti, in Die order of 

its ooeni i' ' 

ritivfJii-i.FJi.— The following cnt shows 
the seven constitutent parts of letter-, 
called Principles : 

Some, teachers prefer numbering t ae 
principles, i. e., the principle as 
ftbOTS, fot the small letters, while those 
(01 the capital! would be numbered 1, 2, 3. 
We have formerly adopted that method, 
nurf have 00 objection to it ; but Bince the 
majority of teachers adopt the above 
method we have thought best to present 
that in the Journal. 

The Firtt Principle is a straight line, 
usually on the main slant (52°). 

Tho Second Principle is a rigid curve, 
rnmolLj mi the connective slant (30°). 

The Third Principle U a left curve, usn- 
nlly ou the connective Hlant. 

Fourth Principle, or Loop, begins on 
base-line with a right curve, which rises 3 
Hpitcs, then joins by short turn a slight 
left curve, which descends 2 spaces, and 
[noronlns first current headline, merges 
into straight line, descending to base on 

each riant, Width of loop, J space. 

Fifth Principle, or Capital O. Height 
B pooei Width 2 spaces. Distance be- 
tween two left onrvee, 4 space, Terminat- 
lag point, h Bpaoe above base. Curves 
upon the right and left equal. 

Stttih Principle, or Reversed Oval Height 
8 spaoes, Width at mid-height, lj spaces. 
Opening of base-line -j space. Curve upon 
left side a trlBe fuller than on the right. 

We prefer to make use of this simple 
form of the $iaih principle, believing that 

Hi ir.r pj-uilin-i-K Idlers equally legible and 
much eaalerand more rapidly constructed 

thin bj making use of the full oval and 
loop, as la done bj some authors. 

Seventh Principle, or Capital Stem. Full 
height, 8 spaoe*. Height of base oval, lj 
Spaces, Length of same, 2J spaces. Width 
of base oval, H spaces. Slant of same, 
15°. Finishes i space from right of Btem 

We commence our analysis with the 
niimll i from its easy and simple coustrnc 
tion, which is followed by those other let- 
tiii winch are most similar and easy 
their formation, believing this to be ami 
practical and effective method than to take 
the letters in their alphabetical order. 

t combines Prins. 2, 1, 2. The 
^7~ lines unite iu au angle at the top, 
and in a narrow turn at the base. 

This turn is the model for all turns iu 
mimll letter* made by uniting the straight 

line and right outre. To produce correct 
turns the pupil should be instructed to 
make them asshortas possible icithot.t stop- 
ping Ms pen. This letter is 1 space high. 
The '1"! is one space above Prin. 1, andoc 
n line with it. Counting— Count 1, 2, 1, 
dot. In combinations or words, count out 
tor fir&l and last Hue of each letter. 

Although we do not specially advocate 
the praotloe of teaching writing by er 

yel us niiinv teachers prefer and adopt this 
method, In some instances with marked 
> ■ give for the benefit of such, 
after the analysis of each letter, the i 
erals indicating the count. We do not be- 
lieve thai this method should be practiced 

in large elis-.-s « i itucl.'issified pupils, 01 
by any but skilful aud experienced teach 
ers of writing— it has too much the ten- 
denoy bo hurry some pupils into a speed too 
great to admit of the proper care and 
thought necessary for improvement, while 
it diminishes to an unnatural degree of 
speed the movement of others. Iu the aver- 
bj the average teacher, 
the method ol counting is pernicious, 
only well advanced pupils, well classfied. 

n the hands of skilful teachers, could we 
omraend teaching by count. 

u combines Prins. 2, 1,2, 1, 2. 

777" It is one space high, aud 3 wide. 

Angles at top as in i, and short 

turns at base. Straight lines parallel, 

es similar and equidistant. Count 

1, 2, 3, 1, 1. 

w combines Prins. 2, 1, 2, 1, 
2, 2. The first four lines are the 
some as those of the «. A third 
right curve is then drawn J space nearer 
the straight line than in the u, and is 
united in a dot with a finishing horizontal 
right curve, i space in length. Count 1, 

2, 3, 4, 5, dot, 1. 

n combines Prins. 3, 1, 3, 1, 
/■77F7~ 2. It is 1 space high and 3 
wide. The lines join in turns at 
top, and iu au angle and turn at base. The 
left curves are similar ; the straight Hue? 
are parallel aud the three turns uniform. 
Count 1.2, 3, 4, 1. 

m combines Prins. 3, 1, 3, 1, 
^ ?s7S 3' 2- It is four spaces in width, 
and 1 in height. The lines are 
joined iu equal turns at top, aud two angles 
and a turn at base. The three left curves 
are similar and equidistant, the 3 straight 
lines parallel. Upper and lower turns 
alike. Count 1, 2, 3, 4, 6,0, 1. 

v combines Prins. 3, 1, 2, 2. The 
| "" — first 3 liues are joined by turns at 
top and base. The letter is fin- 
ished like the u>. Entire width, 2 spaces. 
Width from upper turn to dot i Gpace. 
Horizontal right curve j space long. Count 
1, 2, 3, dot. 1. 

x combines Prins. 3, 2, 3, 2. The 
i/Tl/ ' first two are united in a turn at the 
top. The other two by a turn at 
base. Entire width, 2 spaces. Distance 
between the parts at top and base alike, i 
space each. Count 1, 2, 3, 4, 1. 

o combines Prins. 3, 3, 2, 2. It 

' is 1 space high and the oval is J 

space wide. The left curves join 

at top, the sides of oval curve alike. Count 

1,2,3, 1. 

(To be continued.) 

Complimentary to the Compendium 

The following are a few t 
flattering commendations of Ames's Com 
peudium of Practical and Ornamental Pen 

Exchange Notice. 
The December number of the Peman's 
Help, published by Will Clark, Toledo, 
Iowa, has been received. It is ably edited, 
aud well filled with interesting matter. Its 
biographical sketch of Prof. Russell will 
be interesting to all its readers, as it does 
simple justice to an earnest and able 
laborer iu the cause of writing aud practi- 
cal education. 

What is said of Stimpson's U. S. Treas- 
ury Gold Pens : 

"I unhesitatingly pronounce it the 
finest pointed gold pen I ever tried." — F. 
A. Schmidt., Treasury Dept., Washington., 

"You appear to have discovered the 
true plan for overcoming the excessive, 
springiness without losing too much of it* 
elasticity." — J, H. B. Jenkins^ Washing- 
ton d. a 

Send teu cents for specimen copy of 
the Journal. 


Keystone Business College, 1 
Lancaster, Penn., Dec. 24, 1877. f 
Prof. D. T. Ames, 

Dear Sir— lam in receipt of your Com- 
pendium of Penmanship. It came to hand 
in an excellent condition. Simply speak- 
ing of it as "a good work," would not be 
doing it justice, for there are many other 
good works of art. Such as the grand and 
admired Gems of Penmanship bv Williams. 
Ornamental hy Beckert, by Rightmyer, 
and by Congdon, Compendium Practical, 
by Spencer; and Manual by Hill. But I 
find that your Compendium in any respect 
is not surpassed by any of the above 
works, aud in many respects greatly su- 
perior to any of them. I speak under- 
standing^ from tbe fact that I have in my 
possession several works of pen art 
similarly devoted, in which the engraver, 
and not the author, receives the greater 
commendation. Any defects of design 
and execution by the latter are overcome 
by the former, who is expected to be 
familiar with the requirements of any sub- 
ject to be engraved. But by the new pro- 
cess, photo-engraving from the plates, of 
which your Compendium is printed, does 
not only show the degree of the authors 
ability in the power design, but, also, the 
extent of his ability in execution in putting 
forth his best efforts, being perfect fac- 
similes of the original pen productions. 

In the number and variety of styles of 
its alphabets (large and small), the exquis- 
ite designs and execution of the initial 
letters, the number and the variety of 
flourished and artistically drawn charac- 
ters, and to crown the whole, the number 
and the variety in the elaborateness of 
design, style of execution, and artistic 
finish of resolutions, testimonials, diplomas, 
marriage certificate, family record, Lord's 
prayer, design for borders, book, and 
album marking, portraits, &c, makes it 
one of the most interesting aud instructive 
works of pen art, that is possible for any 
penman or student of penmanship to 
possess. I feel certain that the same 
amount of work contained in your Com- 
pendium, and as well bound as it is, if en- 
graved in steel (by the older process), 
could not be sold for less than from $12 to 
S15 per copy. I observe in your Compen- 
dium by the new process photo-engraving, 
that the feint lines are as distinct as if 
printed from steel plate hand engraved. 
To all penmen, and especially to thoBe 
who lack the power of design in the art, 
and who thus far have been unable 
to turn the pen to any other account to 
themselves except in card writing, tran- 
scribing manuscript, and its use in teaching 
practical writing, would I recommend this 
most valuable work as instructing the more 
lucrative employment of the pen in the 
engrossing of resolutions, &c. I come far 
short of the true merits of your valuable 
compendium, in my simple commendation 
of it. Proof of the pudding is the eating 
thereof, bo with the Compendium, to 
appreciate and admire must be seen. 
Thanking you for the safe delivery of the 

I am, very r 

Office of N. J. Business College, / 
Newark, N. J., Dec. 29, 1877. \ 
Prof. D. T. Ames : 

Dear Sir: Copy of your Compendium 
has been received. It greatly exceeds my 
expectations. It is certainly the book of 
nil books upon the art of penmanship.' 
The preat variety of plain and ornamental 
alphabets, with its numerous specimens of 
flourishing, alone would constitute a book 
more extensive and valuable to penmen 
than any other I have ever examined, while 

full and elaborate copies of 
engrossed resolutions, certificates, memori- 
als.&c, add a new and to me the most nue 
and valuable feature of the work. Tho 
penmen of America certainly owe to you 
a debt of gratitude for a production ot so 
comprehensive, artistic and practical an 
aid in their professional labor. 
Very respectfully, 

G. C. Stocewell, Penman. 

OFFirE oi 

College, Dec. 29, 1877. ( 

D. T.Ames: 

Dear Sir : Tour Compendium is at hand. 
It is remarkable for its scope, variety and 
originality and represents the skill of the 
penman rather than that of the engraver. 
It abounds in designs for engravers and 
pen artists, and should be in tbe library of 
every penman of the country. 

C. C. Curtiss. 

Gregory's Practical Business ) 
College, 719 Broad Street, J- 
Newark. N. J., Dec. 26. 1877. ) 
Prof. D. T. Ames : 

Having carefully examined your Com- 
pendium, can say, I thiuk it far superior to 
any work of the kind yet published. It is 
a work that will meet the wants of every 
ive penman, and no energetic worker can 
fiord to be without it. 
Yours truly, 

A. A. Clark, Penman. 

Rocttester, N.Y., Dec. 23, 1877. 
Friend Ames: 

Your Compendium is received. It ex- 
ceeds my greatest expectations in every 

Your Compendium is received. It 
grand, magnificent. 

A. S. Beardslet, Penman, 
WoMiingtonville, Ohio. 

New York Tribune, December 25, 1877.— 
"Ames Compendium" of piacteal and 
ornamental penmanship gives us all the 
old chirographic effects and new patterns. 
Whoever wishes to learn the mystery 
of fine and heavy liues, flourishes and all 
wonderful pen-nrabesques will find as 
much as he is likely to master. 

The New York Evening Post, (Edited by 
William Cullen Bryant), December 15, 
1877. — "The art of penmanship is triumph- 
ant in Mr. Ames' book." 

New York School Journal — "It exceeds 
in extent, variety and artistic excellence, as 
well as its peculiar adaptaiu for the use 
of penmen and artists, any work work we 
have ever examined." 

Publishers' Weekly, December29, 1877.— 
" Penmen and artists have here specimens 
of almoBt every kind of work that can be 
done with the pen, Considerable artistic 
power and a remarkable skill are Bbown all 
through the work, which is quite a gem, 
typographically— the paper, engravings, 
&c, all being first-class." 

Elizabeth, N. J., Daily Herald.— "It 
abounds in artistic sketches from some of 
the best penmen of the age, and is realy a 
work of art. It is a specialty in its way, 
covering a ground which has never before 
been tracked." 

Elizabeth, N. J., Daily Journal— "It is 

Manufacturer and Bmi7''«\ — "It is 
of the finest publications that has 
come under our notice." 


Old-fashion Round Hand. 
Prof. Geo. SUmpson, jr., will treat the 
readers of the Journal to another specimen 
of his hand upon the wrappers of the 
present number of the Journal. For a 
rapid and elegant execution of this huud, 
Mr. Stimjjsou is without an equal in 
our circle of acquaintance. 

The Illustrations 

in the present number of the Journal are 
from the pen of Prof. D. L. Musselman 
and speak for themselves. Iu our next 
issue will be a specimen letter from Prof. 
J. B. Cundiff, of New Orleans. 

The Journal as a Premium. 

We will mail the Journal free for oue 
year to any person sending us the names of 
three subscribers and S3, and also send 
the Williams' specimen as a special pre- 
mium to all. 

Our Premium List 
contains articles of rare value to all teach 
era and pupils of penmanship, that can be 
obtained by simply taking a little paius to 
procure a few subscribers to the Journal. 
Who will not make the effort ? 

Herberts. Packard, Bessie P. Gwrr 
— Clarendon Church, Boston, Tiust 
evening, Jan. 1st, at three o'clock p 
We wish them a "Happy New Year' 
not one only, but a loug succession 
bright, happy and fruit/id years. I 
Packard is a talented and promising you 
artist, a genial and courteous geutletn; 
omineutly deserving of the largest deg: 

T 3 A- CK J± R TJ ' 8 


Iborougl, mining'?,?*' """'"' ""' 

Accounts, with Arithmetical Problems, 


lea eant on receipt of Filly cents. 

S- S. PACKARD, Publisher 

of I 

What Everybody Wants. 


1 I.UUK1SHIN.; 1 



Elementary Edition. Entry; principles 
Commercial Edition, Double and Silicic Ed. 

) beautiful Scroll C 

i i#f III* 1 


THEHANDSUMEKT tWlU'S ;uo tboge writtel 
a bold and daBUinu baud. Only 2»,~. pay* for 

JL> wrlij linstol Cards, gonrl surface lor ivritiu, 
J. ever saw 13c. Twelve nourished cards. 

"pRILLIANT 00L0E8.— Ink! and carda in gres 
Jt) vanety for Jaumuy and February. I87rt. P,-r 

Art. Onedoz. ornaoiautal and Now War 
With your nam.. n-Hly msertr.1. 33c. Your,l ■■■*". I >■ \'\mt\ li. C. BOSWORTH. 




■ - WlUTI"" 3 ' ^mto* ^GfJocfsED 

Every Variety of Pen Work Promptly Executed in tie Most Perfect Manner. 

Also, Counsel given as Expert on Hand-Writing and Accounts. 


" airs ,„ , l.,, r ,.,M"' 1'Inies will be sent by mail lo any nti<h<bi>~ut\ovi prices. Inclose stamt 





Important to Teachers and Parents. 



±J lior style, 

I 1 ' iT I s 'I'I''PliNM-\NSHrP.-roupnaine beauti 
-1..; A variety of atylea and pr*i«es \u '^.I'-'rof 'r'Ji 
forVa^ 1 Send iue and ae'^t'C fo ' : ' rl, ""'" Lil ''' 

Forged, Disguised &Anonymous Writin 

"—ing *ad over thirty years' expe, 



mply a common T a 

their quahty. No. 1 Extra Fin 

Sent by mail or ex" 

D Prevents reading by rnte. 

QBtanOy. * Sent^lm? 


By ordering from us, patrons can rely not only 

'Compendium of Ornanienral Pimmunship, 

■augbtsman to rfi [drily nil, 

UUA1CB. cue "Ait Journal." 

e dozen, postpaid , jV.'jf, ' ij,!,','^' ia Hta Dapa. By 

quadrant attached by 



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290 Pearl Street, New York. 


pies wlb your name sent by 

A. S1IITU, Port Kennedy, Montgomery County, 

IVlng full ikoii.i. l„i 

6 Broadway, New York. 



Book -Keeping 

Four Grades. 



B'Tufit, M. D-. Pr"Mfnt of thr. Br'lM A Htrnttnn 

[tnflalo PobUabM by Uu 
■nlnir. IMpsgef.. Stiff cover. Retail Price, 75 
i , .... 

-,,,. la dm to ba ruin, «impii 

i'ti .* 

a-Cpte.Uur t\oou"u'm". *" H. II. CHITTENDEN, 

Supt. o' Et)n«tiou, Oberlln, Ohio. 

l.ill.ll.lilNl " '" r "I'lIJli.II. 

■ I,.: | 1,1,1,. II. W M 

, .1 BuIdmi OoUtff*, Lmwiiee, X*n. 
I consider your work on Book-keeping) desiRned 

i I., ni.i«l »ih.nni1<l) 0U«<l f»r the 

pnraot*. '• "■ "DELL, 

lTin--i|.iil Uui.ln.-fiM Cull.'w, T..r..iit... 

,„., j.iij- ,„ (1,, . ■ iu|.|l, llv -lUir; 

Elementary Book - Keeping 

Par Primary and Baa lira lOJlrnotlOD. Adopted to 

.jh yii ().i«.'». Id' till I price. 7,'. 
i I I nl ,li t I', lOk-Kft I 

- College, 

. II SM.I I f. 

PrlooJnal Bus 

. i . . . 


.,1. publiibcdln 

r. ■! Bu ■ 

lollore ii Hi" b»il adapto i t 


Commercial Book - Keeping 

M mt,!-. in niRU School*, mid 

■J.1UK HI Ill> 

l.,„l MM, 

" i, * mMt 

A. il. WILSON, 
North KoBt, Pu. 

It tij 

prim i 

avo been loobl 


nl Otdai Vuliej 



■ Introduced »oi 


1 1.. 1 I'll 

■ , . L ii t y to uu}- we are greatly 

inllt llm ill r ;1 'in.'i>t mill lli<- .■...iiipict.-IH'B 

,1,1, IH. Til,.. S.-lH-.nhnirS.h .,..Ih wlioliuvt 

■ ■ -■ i Iit IIi:m acknowledge 

KISTKK M. iMll'Ki S, Clancy. 


otlioi i ■■ 

.1. -nbl.Ot ton 

1 to pernio* 

Counting House 

Book -Keeping 

Ciuuplilo w rk ever |,uli|lnl 

.[ and llm 

.1 utility. 910 ] 

ylhlog of tl 

. I' WIS, 

ni.tutinu »imI K.mkioi- 

Heuu price, %3, 

Y..UI- I Ii M null Hi" ..M of the 

i wanted, 
PriuolpN] Bualuo*" College, wiil.iiineport. 
We lmvn QftTOT bed ■ bOOll tbal give sb good satis- 

Button, W< moil i" irtllj 


Ii ■ ■ I ,i ,:ili -luiiy, lit. 

[find your books oonprobeaelve, prei Heat, sod Id 
B noK.„,j fi .i, J.B.80ULE. 

■i ollc-B^, rtuUdeluum. 

pnrti.uliirlj ploaaOu Witt Ihl 

. .Icy.', Santa L) 



I tli, | 



- ;,.| I ., i 

fi iti.i»m:t> bv 
.». C. BUY ANT. M. D., 

o Bryant k Stnittoa Businou College 

A Rare Opportunity 

Securing a Magnificent Speci- 
men of Pennmanship. 

m*"rom uilUfito AClVv] 

and Id order to do so r»pidly,u*ve adopted the method 
A RAFFLE— via: 


Dr«WLii«i«. Fit... i 

mgrmvinge, and 

■■ ttMtdalana," laltei Oorreglo i 

" M I.. I. -,,.-," ,.iti. r I '..mi B-tltoiu ) 

" La 1 1, i,- 1 !,..'■— a haiidiuujo figure drawing. 

■'Tb™o.iuta.nof Love. 

. re .. 
" 2 dceiies from Alhsla," (after designs by Gustave 

irlglnal oompoatlton,! an allegorical 

flljiin-, proclaim ink " I-vn. e ni.l t'lnord to nil Na- 

Third Prize. 

resembling Steel Kugruvmrf, c>ut-i,ulug a good man 

Fifth Pri 
Sixth Pri 

u Si>oclniens r op re a ant an actual val 
I), itnd art- in every respect dil 
ii nnytlilDg berciofore iirodui 

soo, at $1.00 each. 

Remember, only 800 Tickets at 
at 91.00 eacb. 


Or Pennman's Art Journal, 

iuUjoiD the opinions \\ ii-hi:,;:l. ,[;, 

■ reliontDB gontlei 
M Worihlngton, 

.l".i '1 !•■ 

and Vienna L\['-.-in.,i,- t 

m very giud if I 
liiladclphia: You 



Now is the time to secure territory. 






will net peixut it. 

, opuut-ns coa-d be giyenbat space 

for by it more money can be made than on any book published within the last few years. The 
work has been prepared after years of careful study, and is now published at a very lar^e expense, yet 
is solcl at a remarkably low price. The success that has attended our Agents in selling this book 
proves that the people were indeed waiting for just such a book, and now it is offered they gladly 
buy. This is the only extensive work of the kind ever published, hence old agents and all m 
want of a good, honorable business will sec at once that this i. a rare chance lo make money. 

f/iv Volume 

tains over forty bright subject Ilhtst, 
nd in the most elegant style, and pre. 
which, together with the sterling merit nf the work, 

and 304 Pages. It is 

'. appearance sufficiently 
with ready 

r 32-page Pamphlet, furnished Agents free. 

For Illustrations and Press Notices s 


YOUNG MEN desiring Success in Life cannot afford lo be without it. 
Some Agents are selling as many as 500 Copies in a single month. 
together with Agent's Outfit for canvassing, will be forwarded to those who desire tu give the 
book a trial on receipt of 90 cents. The outfit costs you nothing by this plan, as the book being per- 
fect in every respeci, beside- Us use. can be sold at any 'lime, and a profit on the entire cost returned. 
If you want a pleasant, money-making business, give this work a trial. 

Confidential terms to agents only mailed to their address by mentioning The Artj.iuknal. 
Specimen copy sent free to any agent for examination on receipt of 50 els. one-half price. 

W. H. SADLER, Publisher, 

Nos. 6 and 8 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Md 



industrial Drawing. 

w SjrUt-ni of Druwuig m pre-emineutly adapted to meet I ho wants of our public-school instruc- 
y progressive, and adapted to every grade, from the primary clusBes to the higher dipiiitmtnU 
I supplies tin- ti'u<')urr with the method of teaching; not giving, as manuals do. mere mechanical 

k> l 


« A^Mo^sEM'a^ v 

CULTURAL J RAVWNG.' By Frul! Cbas. Riibcoct, Cordell University. Nine Books, euca 60 cents 
illNLRY. Iiy Prof. J. V. Sweet. Cruel! University . (In preparation.) 
. hV.INKl.RlNU. (Iu preparation.) 

INTERIOR DLCUliAllDNs. |lu preparation). 

TD. -A_I=T'I_jE1TOJ>J 7 Putollslaers, 

55D & 651 Broadway, New York. 


(Trade Mark Copyrighted) 

English Brussels, Three-Ply and iDgrain; also Slair Carpets, Velvet 
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Carpets carefully packed and sent to any part of the 
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Call or send for Price List. J. A. BENDALL. 



n Series of 


^OpfatnsrtTL f>£A/S m use l 

Published Monthly, at SOS Broadway, for S 1 .OO per Ye 


VOL. I. NO. 11. 

Eminent Penmen of Olden Times. 

Miln, in his " Penman's Repository," 
published in 1795, gives one page of orna- 
mental pen work to " Eminent Ancient 
Penmen," awd names Materot, Velde 
Perling, Seddon, Ayers, Burbedors o D d 
Tompkins, who published bis " Beauties 
of Whiting," in 1777, devotes one page to 
"Admired Penmen," naming Snell, 
Ol.vffe, Velde, Chambers.Champion, Bland, 
Shelly, Clark, and from other sources we 
are enabled to find the names of those 
quite as deserving. Materot and Velde 
published works as early as 1704 5, and 
others including Bland and Champion 
from 1730 to 1760, and with Tompkins and 
Miln's publications would embrace a 
period of about two hundred yearB. Of 
these celebrated penmen I may have some- 
thing to say hereafter. The earliest Eng- 
lish author whose work I have is Edward 
Cocker, published in 1G59. The publisher 
of the Judhnal having generously oflercd 
to photo-engrave for this paper an entire 
eDgraved page cf Cocker's book, I pro- 
pose in my next article to give some of 
his quaint rules for teaching penmanship, 
and such other matter as may be of gen- 
eral interest. The earliest English pen- 
man of whom I can find auy authentic ac- 
count who published any work ou writing 
was Peter Bales, who was born about the 
year 1547. Before going into details re- 
garding this eminent penman I deem it a 
matter of interest and information to many 
to refer to and give some account of the 
rare and valuable work of Wm. Massey, 
published in London in 1763, to which I 
am indebted fur much of the materials I 
am enabled to present here. Part first 
treats of the origin of letters. Part second, 
"A compendious account of the most cel- 
ebrated English penmen." 

In Ins preface to part second, be says : 
" Upon the whole, I shall be glad if the ob- 
servations that I shall make in the course 
of this work may conduce to the encour- 
agement of keepiug to a sound, clean, 
practicable and consequently useful meth- 
od of writing, for, as remarked by an iogen- 

" ' The same motives that make us pre- 
sent ourselves to our species with decency, 
and an intelligible language, euguge us to 
study to arrive at a legible as well as neat 
and well ordered way of writing ; none but 
those who respect nobody and think them- 
selves exempted from all regards due to 
society can well ueglect to have a tolerable 
handwriting.' " 

Although the above quotation was 
made by this author, more than 
one hundred years ago, it may be read 
with profit aud seems pertinent in these 
more modern times. After the art of 
printing began to be generally in vogue, 
there succeeded a general neglect among 
penmen in improving the art of writing, oc- 
casioned by wtiut of proper encouragement. 
The first, who, with a happy genius aud re- 
markable application and industry restored 
the practice of tine writing, and taught it 
by ceitain rules, in England, was one 

Doubtless other curious penmen and 
skillful teachers flourished in England be- 
fore his day, but their names, character 
and labors have been lost, unless we except 
Roger Ascham, born in 1515, who taught 
the art to Prince Edward, Lady Elizabeth, 
and the two brothers, Henry and Charles, 
Dukes of Suffolk. Queen Elizabeth said 
at his death she had rather lost ten thou- 
d pounds than her tutor Ascham. He 
published no works on Penmanship and 
wrote the plain Italian hand then in vogne, 
but aspired to nothing beyond that. Peter 
Bales was born in 1517, spent several 
years among the sciences at Oxford, and 
probably combined the posiliou of pupil 
with that of teacher of writing aud arith- 
metic. He was the first to write short- 
hand, and imitated hand writings very 
dextrously, and in 1586 was employed by 
Sir Francis Wallingsford, Secretary of 
State, for that purpose. 

In 1590, he kept a school at the upper 
end of Old Bailey, London, and taught the 
children of many persons of distinction at 
their own houses. He published his first 
work the same year, in London, in quarto, 
"The Writing-School Muster" in three 
parts : the tirst teaching Brachygraphy, or 
swift writing ; part second, Orthography, 
or true writing ; part third, Calligraphy, or 
[air writing. His rules were written in 
verse as well as prose ; and, indeed, says 
Mr. Oldys, in Biograpbia Brittanica, " we 
may observe several of his fraternity since 
addicted to poetry which may be naturally 
accounted for from their being so conver- 
sant with the i oets by transcribing their 
moral sentences and short maxims to set 
their scholars for copies." He concludes 
b's book as follows : 

" Swift, true and fair, Rood render I present, 

A second edition of his book was pub- 
lished in 1597, with eighteen copies of rec- 
ommendatory verses before it. 

In this same year (1597) he won a prize 
for skill in writing, of a gold pen of twenty 
p.mnds value, in competition with one Dan- 
iel Johnson. The particulars of this con- 
test supposed to be in Peter Bales's own 
writing is deposited in the British Museum. 
He seems to have been afflicted with a dis- 
ease not unknown to modern penmen, im- 
pecuniosity. He adopted as a sign a 
"hand' aud pen ;" aud in his efforts to 
dodge the sheriff was either compelled to 
frequently move from place to place, or 
take in his sign to give the appearance of 
having done so ; whereupon another rival, 
John Davies, writes au epigram, of which 
we give the closing Hues : 

Because the pea it lor the running h md" 

One of the first things that gave Bales a 
reputation was the Lord's Prayer, the 
Creed, the Decabgue with two short Latin 
Prayers, his own name and motto, with the 
day of the month, year of our Lord and 

that of the Queen's reign (to whom he 
presented it at Hampton Court), all within 
the compass of a silver penny, inclosed in a 
ring aud border of gold covered with crys- 
tal, so nicely written as to be plainly legible, 
to the admiration of her mojesty (Queen 
Elizabeth) her privy council and several 
ambassadors who saw it. In the British 
Museum there is a little vellum book 
called " Archeion." At the end of the 
volume is a neat (off hand) flourish 
wherein are the letters P. B., which shows 
(says a note in that book) that this copy 
was written by the hand of Peter Bales, 
the then famous writing-master of Lon- 
don. He died about 1710. 

I have somewhat briefly compiled the 
leading events of the life of one of the 
pioneers of the pen. Where and under 
what circumstances be died, I have not 
been able to discover ; but after the dust 
of three centuries shall have covered the 
present generation of penmen, I doubt if 
there will be found many more evi- 
dences of their skill aud devotion to the 
art that can be found to-day of Peter 

Save Your Health. 
Few men can properly appreciate the 
real value of their best possessions till 
deprived of them. Our friends pass away, 
and as we review their lives we recall 
many virtues which they possessed which 
we did not fully recognize when living ; 
could they return to us how differently we 
would treat them and with what charity 
would we oveilook their shortcomings. 
By our friends passing away we are 
drawn closer to those who are left, and 
come to realize the comforts aod blessings 
which come from a just appreciation of 
those we have with us. 'Tis hard to lose 
our nearest companion and feel that he is 
forever gone. But when we have in our 

uch i 

ud whoi 

us than all other earthly blessings, is it 
not one of the worst of sins to destroy it ? 
Such a friend is health ; what greater can 
we have ? does not every comfort depart 
when it is gone ? should we thoughtlessly 
destroy it? many a rich mau would give 
his entire fortune for the health he lost in 
his mad desire for gold. Too late he finds 
he has paid dearly for what he has 
sought. 'Tis well to be ambitious, but 
to give ambition the loose rein to rush us 
on to the destruction of health is madness. 
No folly could be greater than the de- 
stroying of God's greatest gift to man. 
Every young man who becomes fascinated 
with the beauties of penmanship is fired 
with au ambition to excel, and this soon 
becomes the rnliDg passion of his heart 
and life. On, on for days, weeks, months, 
yearB, does he work at the desk, thinking 
nothing of the exercise which health de- 
mands for its permanent preservation, 
with one aim, to gratify his ambition to 
attain the pinnacle of pen Art. Many 
have gone this road, readied their goal 
but with lives hidE run have dropped into 
the graves they dug for themselves while 
working at the desk. The latest of these 

slow suicides is that of Prof. H. A. Fred- 
ericks, late of Heald's College, Sau Fran- 
cisco. By him, beautiiul penmanship was 
gained but at what a cost I On the road to 
hia fate are many others, till hardly can 
we point to one who has gained great skill 
in the art but coupled to it is an enfeebled 
constitution. The loss and gain account 
shows Art gained and vitality lost I We 
are informed that our friend Webster, a 
most excellent penman, has been advised 
by his physician to quit the pen for two 
years. Another young and very graceful 
writer, C. S. Mack, we receutly met in 
St. Louis, ou his way to Kansas to " rough 
it" two years to regain his health. Our 
friend Knauss writes us of oufeebled 
health from confinemeut and work. Capp, 
of San Francisco, is in poor health. Ar- 
nold, of Los Angeles, Cal., owes his broken 
health to devotion to the pen. Flickinger 
was once compelled to quit the pen and 
go to the lumbering regions, and is now 
getting out of penmanship much ou ac- 
count of his health. Soule, whose health 
was once broken, has by years with his 
private billiard table, Indian clubs, his 
gun, and hunting through the wilds of 
New Jersey, fought a good fight aud is 
now rewarded by a splendid physical con- 
dition. Lyman P. Spencer, who has at- 
tained the highest skill ever achieved with 
the pen, has drawn greatly upon his vitol 
force. The finishing of his grand Cen- 
tennial piece was accomplished during 
great exhaustion and between resting 
spells. Are not these evidences ample 
proof of the cost of artistic supremacy ? 
We have been led to these thoughts 
through conversing with a young friend a 
few weeks since. "Nothing, "savshe, "ahull 
stop my efforts till I achieve the skill of 
Lyman Spencer, aud Mr. Flickinger." 
How gladly thought we would these gen- 
tlemen exchange their skill for the vigor- 
ous heulthof this young man, a health he 
must sacrifice to attain their eminenoe. 
Does it pay ? Is the whistle worth the 
price ? A. H. Hinman. 

" Excuse Bad Writin and Spellin." 
A friend of mine, who is a clerk in a 
Post-office and who prides himself upon 
his writing, told me that recently he passed 
out a letter to an iguoraut Irishman. The 
man passed it back and asked my friend 
to read it to him, which he did. Now 
says the man will you please answer it 
and I'll tell yon whot to say ? My friend 
wrote tho reply and then asked if there 
was anything more to say. Yes, 6ays the 
man, "tell him to excuse bad writin, 
spelliu and the likes, that's nil." 

A. H. H. 

Letters. — The Boston people write 
auuually on an average 33 letters each; 
those of New York, 24 ; Philadelphia, 14 ; 
New Orleans, 16; Baltimore, 10. In the 
aggregate of the large cities of the United 
States there is an annual average of 20 to 
each person. In the country districts 
there are only about three letters to ench 
person, in the whole United States about 
four to each person. 


untutored heart 


The art or science or knowledge required 
to teach popUs to write seenia lost. We 
receive the assumption of great peDmen 
and lithographers thut nothing is required 
more than to give i a pencil and 
elate and let liim scrape away for some 
jem, th«D give him a lithograph copy, 
and he can learn to write. Were this all 
true our pupils at twelve years of age 
should be good writers. Tlio contrary is 
the fact. The teacher must understand 
how and when to tench. It is certainly 
better had we good penmen to teach, but 
this is impossible ns all experience proves. 
Why not aoply the lithograph theory to 
othet lines of business? Apply it to aD 
architect's or engineer's office, or a carpen- 
ter's iilinp. Can a boy go to rn architect's 
office and learn to draft by commencing 
with a cathedral ? No ! he must have a 
grent ileul of scraping and plotting and 
rough drafting before he can be put ou a 
plain building. It is similar in an engin- 
eer's office. Can a boy go into a carpen- 
ter's shop and go on the beautiful work re- 
quiring taste, skill and judgment ? No ! 
be must take a different place. In the en- 
gineer's office he must learn the use of the 
Simplest instruments (some of which he 
Blionld have learned at school). He must 
learn how to grind his ink, and to the 
proper ehade and consistency. He will 
certainly not be put at mapping or draft- 
ing. The leaiLer must go to the roughest 
of the rough work, and if he have talent, 
industry and tusle, he will become a good 
workman ; if he have the requisite science 
ami skill, be may become an employer. 

Tins is ns applicable to writing us to any 
other business — teaching pupils to write- 
to use the pen — this is the art of teaching. 
It seems as if teachers are fettered or spell- 
bound by a network woven around them 
by sharks, who learn to live like venders of 

quack medicines, by suinetbiug very like im- 
|iumIiuii. All pupils should be given a pen 
and paper to write in their eighth year, 
whether thej know bow to spell or not. 
There are then three stages or progresses 
through which tbey must be taught; and 

it the teacher had the ability of St. Paul, 

Sir Isiuic Newton and Spencer combined, 
he can do little more than teueb these 
stages. Cau you give a boy taste or nerve 
by teaching i You can teach but not cre- 

1. During the first stage a pupil must 
be taught position— to hold the pen grace- 
fully -to stroke and loop — and this, with 
the average pupil takes six months; re- 
QUltlng the nicest care aud judgment of the 
teacher, who must, in many eases, hold the 
pupil's hand in his. 

2. During the second stage the pupil 
should be taught the form of letter* singly, 
also during ihis stage he should lie taught 
one day m the week how to make figures 
with the pen. During this period there 
should be no combination of letters pre- 
sented to the pupil until he can form let- 
ters, BO to speak, wilh bis eyes shut 

3. During this stage a pupil learns to 
join Loiters— a delicate and beautiful oper- 
ation — difficult for the average pupil to 
learu; and whether the teacher excels or 
not, the pupils will become good writers. 
After this give them lithograph copies. 

Writing is merely a mechanical process 
CO per cent of any school ought to write a 
good free hand; 40 per cent ou^bt to 

write a business hand; but that delicate 
taste, required for the highest in any art, 
nature denies, except to a small percentage. 
Those who excel in writing are generally 
vain and lack the judgment required to 
teach. A pupil should see his teacher 
write, and be taught to hold mid use the 
pen by him, otherwise he will scrape uud 

Writing should receive half an hour each 
day, und during this time the teacher 
should tee euch and all the pupils and 
teach them when and where needed, walk- 
ing from pupil to pupil and not teach from 
the desk ; Bpeakiug words of encourage- 
ment as well as taking the pupil's baud. 


' fond words 

to children that a teacher ought in all 

It is simply disgusting to see in every 
school book we take in hand directions giv- 
en to teachers, as if they had been swains 
—some of those writers have been to as- 
suming that they ought to be handled pub- 
licly and without gloves. Look at the 
questions of detail in some of our histories 1 
there is no pupil could remember them ; 
there is no teacher would have the folly to 
put them all. To excel in teaching any- 
thing you must remember your childhood, 
and, so to speak, really become a child 
again.— L..M., in the New York School 

Learning to Write. 

The winter I was nine years old I made 
another advance toward the top of the 
ladder, in the circumstance of learning to 
write. I desired aud pleaded to com- 
mence the chirographic^] art the summer, 
aud indeed the winter before, for others 
of my own age were at it thus early. But 
my father said that my fingers were hard- 
ly stout enough to manage a quill from 
his geese, but that if I would put up with 
the quill of a hen, I might try. This pithy 
satire put an end to my teasing. 

Having previously had the prom-se of 
writing this winter, I had made all the ne- 
cessary preparations, some days before 
school was to begin. I had bought me a 
new birch ruler, and had given a third 
of my wealth, four cents, for it. To this 
I bad appended, by a well-twisted flaxen 
string, a plummet of my own running, 
whittling and scraping, I had hunted up 
an old pewter inkstand which hud come 
down from the ancestral eminence of my 
great-grandfather for aught I know. And 
it bore many marks of a speedier aud less 
honorable descent, to wit, from table or 
desk to the floor, I hud succeeded in be- 
coming the owner of a penknife, not 
Unit it was likely to be applied to its ap- 
propriate use that winter at least, for such 
beginners generally used the instrument 
to mar the pens they wrote in rather than 
to make or meud those they wrote with. 
I had selected one of the fairest quills out 
of an enormous bunch. Half a quire of 
foolscap had been folded into the shape of 
a writing book by the maternal hand, 
and covered with brown paper nearly as 
thick as a sheepskin. 

Behold me now on the first Monday in 
December starting for school, with my 
new and clean writing book buttoned un- 
der my jacket, my inkstand in my pocket, 
n bundle of necessary books in one baud, 
and my ruler aud swiugiug plummet in the 
other, which I flourished in the air and 
around my head till the sharpened lead 
made its first murk on my own face. My 
loug white-feathered goose-quill was twist- 
ed iuto my hat-band like a plumy badge 
ol the distinction to which I had arrived, 
and the important enterprise before me. 

Ou arriving at the school house I took a 
seat higher up and more honorable than 
the one I occupied the winter before. At 
the proper time my writing book, which, 
with my quill, I had handed to the master 
ou entering, was returned to me, with a 
copy set, aud paper ruled and pen made. 
My copy was a single straight mark, at th e 

first corner of my manuscript. A straight 
mark! who could not make so simpl 
thing as that, thought I. I waited how- 
ever to see how the boy next to me, i 
ginner also, should succeed, as he had 
got ready a moment before me. Never 
shall I forget the first chirographical 
ploit of this youth. That inky image will 
never be eradicated from my memoi 
long as a single trace of early experience 
is left on its tablet. The fact is, it wt 
era in my life, something great was to be 
done, and my attention was intenfely 
awake to whatever had a bearing on 
new aud important trial of my powers. I 
looked to see a mark as straight as a ruler, 
having its four corners as distinctly de- 
fined as the angles of a parallelogram. 
But, O me, what a spectacle I What a 
shocking contrast to my anticipatio 
That mark had as many crooks as a ril 
bon in the wind, and nearer eight augl 
thuu four ; and its two sides were nearly 
as rough and as notched as a fine handsaw, 
aud indeed the mark somewhat resembled 
it in width, for the fellow had laid in a 
store of ink sufficient to Inst the journey 
of the whole line. "Shame on him," 
said I internally, "I cun beat that, I 
know." I began by setting my pen firmly 
on the paper, and I brought a mark half 
way down, with rectilinear precision. But 
by this time my head began to swim, aud 
my hand to tremble. I was as it were in 
vacancy, far below the upper ruling, and 
as far above the lower. My self-possession 
failed, my peu diverged to the right, then 
to the left, crooking all the remainder of 
its way, with as many zigzags as could 
well be in so short a distunce. Mine was 
as sad a failure us my neighbor's. I cov- 
ered it over with my fingers, and did not 
jog him with a "see there," as I had 
vainly anticipated. 

So much for painstaking, now forchaoce. 
By good luck the next effort was quite suc- 
cessful. I now dashed on for better or 
worse, till in one half hour I had covered 
the whole page with the standing, though 
seemingly falling monuments of the chi- 
rographical wisdom of my teacher and 
skill of myself. In tho afternoon nsimilar 
copy was set, and I dashed on again as if 
I had taken so much writing by the job, 
and my only object was to save time. Now 
and then there whs quite a reputable 
mark; but alas for him whose perception 
of the beautiful was particularly delicate, 
should he get a glimpse of these sloughs 
of ink. 

The thud morning my copy was the 
first element of the m and n, or what in 
burlesque is called a hook. On my fourth 
I had the last half of the same letters, or 
the-trammel. Aud indeed they were the 
similitudes of hooks and trammels, forged 
in a country plenteous in iron, and by the 
youugest apprentice at hammer and 

In this way I went through all the small 
letters, as they are called. First, the ele- 
ments, or constituent parts, then the whole 
character in which these partB were corn- 
Then I must learn to make the capitals 
before entering on joining hand. Four 
pages were devoted to these. Capital let- 
ters ! They were capital offences against 
all that is graceful, indeed decent, yea 
tolerable, in that art which is so capable 
of beautiful forms and proportions. 

I came next to joining hand, about 
three weeks after my commencement. 
And joining hand indeed it was. It 
seemed as if my hooks and trammels were 
overheated in the forge, and were melted 
iuto each other, the shapeless masses so 
clung together at points where they ought 
to have been separate, so very far were 
they from all resemblance to conjoined yet 
distinct and well defined characters. 

Thus I went on, a perfect little prodigal 
in the expenditure of paper, ink, pens and 
time. The first winter I splashed two, 
and the next three writing books with 

Manliness of PenmacshiD. 
Penmanship as an art possesses one 
quality which distinguishes it from all 
kindred arts, and that is the manner of 
its execution. While in other arts accu- 
racy aud perfection may be sought and 
attained by slow and labored approaches, 
penmanship demands direct decision, and 
masterly effort, and best reflects the 
scintillations of true genius. This is why 
excellence in this art commands the ad- 
miration of all men, and has charms even 
for the unlettered.— Writing Teacher. 

Handling The Pen. 

The pen, in differeut hands, gives such 
infinite variety to the representative signs 
of thought that it is difficult to understand 
how one implement devoted to a single 
use — that of making ideas visible — can 
produce the same characters in so many 
dissimilar forms. When each writer made 
his own pen, and consequently no two were 
exactly alike, remarkable differences in 
cbirography were inevitable ; but now, 
when in a thousand gross there is only a 
slight variation in shape, size, or flexibility 
oue would suppose thut something like an 
approach to uiiforuiity in handwriting 
might prevail. It is not so, however ; the 
world writes as many hands with the stereo- 
typed styles of the cutler as it did formerly 
with the product of the goose. 

Some people, we nre told, consider it 
vulgar to write a plain, clerkly hand. The 
Euglish aristocracy are said to entertain 
this absurd idea ; and certainly mauy of 
them show a sovereign contempt for the 
graces of penmanship. Sovereigns, with 
few exceptions, make it a point to write 
villainous hands. Queen Victoria iB ono 
of the exceptions. Her autograph is 
remarkably good for a sceptic swaying 
hand. Her Majesty's German relations, 
however, and in fact the heads of nearly 
all the royal houses in Germany, are sloven- 
ly cbirographers. A ten-year-old pupil in 
one of our comiucu schools would be 
ashamed to father the scrawls of most of 
their "serene" and "royal highnesses.'' 

Lord Chesterfield, who, with all his 
affectation, was a man of sense, was the 
only English peer we have heard of who 
insisted that every gentleman should ' ' hold 
the pen of a ready writer." In his letters 
to hi i son he scolds that young scapegrace 
roundly for not taking more pains with his 
"Your hand," he writes, "is 
illiberal oue ; it is neither a hand of 
of a gentleman ; but the 
hand of a schoolboy writing his exercises, 
which he hopes will never be read. Upon 
my word," he adds "the writing of a 
geuteeJ, plain hand is of more importance 
than jou think." De Quincy, in his 
" Opium Eater," says the French aristoc- 
racy at the close of the last century con- 
sidered it creditable to write as " with tho 
venerable skewer or a pair of snuffers." 

Whether haudwritiug affords a true in- 
dication of mental character is a question 
upon which "doctors disagree." We 
know ladies without a single mental char- 
acteristic in common whose penmanship is 
almost identical. But then this is the 
result of mechanical teaching. The same 
"lady's hand" is taught in almost all our 
fashionable boarding-schools, and a very 
monotonous, meaningless hand it is. We 
are inclined to think that most people who 
have not been drilled to write in accordance 
with a particular system do, to some ex- 
tent, betray their habits of thought in their 
handwriting. If their ideas are vague and 
confused, so, in most cases, is their pen- 
manship. If, on the other hand, they 
think clearly, they generally write me- 
thodically. The man who has a cldar con- 

ption of his subject, and whose thoughts 
flow freely, connectedly, and in their 
proper order, generally writes legibly and 
often gracefully. In some cases, however, 
the hand seeuis to have no sympathy with 
the head, and disguises logical argument 
and even brilliant metaphor in shapes most 


monstrous. Horace Greeley was certainly 
a clearheaded man, and expressed Ins 
views — in print — with perspicuity and 
force ; yet his chirography, if one may be 
allowed to Ray so, was extra-diabolical. 
Admiral Collingwood— Nelson's distin- 
guished pupil aud friend — insisted that the 
character of a lady might be deciphered 
in her handwritiug. He says ' thedushers 
are all impudent, however they may con- 
ceal it from themselves and others; and the 
scribblers flatter themselves with the vain 
hope that as their letters cannot be read, 
they may be mistaken for sense." In u 
very sensible family "yarn," published in 
his " Memoirs," lie cautions one of the 
Miss Collingwoods against writiug with 
"crooked lines and great flourishing 
dashes," lest she writeaway her good name 
as her father's daughter. The fashionable 
zig-zag taught in our day at " finishing 
academies " is at once inartistic and illeg- 
ible, and more detestable than the scrib- 
bling and dashing uf which the admiral 

That handwriting iii many instances 
affords a key to character we verily believe, 
but the cases in point are perhaps not suffi- 
ciently numerous to warrant up in saying 
that such is the rule. 

The handwritiug question is one in which 
editors have a direct interest, for they are 
subjected to many trials by correspondents 
with uneducated and mal-educated right 
hands. We, therefore, earnestly recommend 
all who write for the press to xorite. and 
not scribble. Charlotte Bronte thus de- 
scribes ttie kind of penmanship which fiuds 
most favor in the editorial sanctum; "No 
points harshly pricking the optic nerve, but 
a clean, mellow, pleasant manuscript, that 
soritiifs you as vou read." 

Dead Letters. — Communications that 
Fail to Reach their Destination. 

Helen, as she bounds out of her chair, tosses 
aiide her embroidery aud runs to the win- 
dow to take a coy peep through the half- 
olosed blinds. " I was oertaiu Bob wouldn't 
let another day pass without sending me a 
letter. Oh, yes, hire it is— thank you, Jane 
— isn't it a heavy one, though; bless Mb 
heart, he always did write good, long letters, 
and now lhat he is in Italy he will have so 
mnch to tell me about the sunny hills and 
beautiful galleries " — " Hotal D'Elora, 
Florence, Italy, December, 4, 1877. My 
d«ar Holen— Here I am at last in Florence— 
that ideal Mecca to which I have been jour- 
neying for so many days." Ac. 

Little by little Helen's voice died away, 
Bud soou the coutenls of the letter from her 
Bob were only to be interpreted by the tell- 
tale blnsheB which came and went on her 
beautiful face. She was so wrapt up in 
what she ret.d that one could have envied 
happiness. The letter was truly a sor- 
al) the way 

Iialy to the very 

It has 
the Beas from far a 
house where Helen 1 
But suppose, instead, there had been an 
error in the direction; then Uncle Sam 
would have taken it, and first having bad it 
pronounced " dead '' by the postmaster phy- 
sician, would have buried it among the other 
dead lettersin the great sepulchre he keeps 
for that purpose. 

Every day hundreds of precious and im- 
portant letters go astray and hundreds of 
hearts are made sick by hope deferred. In 
the ea'ly ooloniel times. 6o the old yellow 
pamphlet in the Department archives tells 
us, great pains were taken to recover letters 
which had been lost. A letter in those days 
was an expensive affair ; paper cost a grtat 
deal, and the postage was considerable, 
rauging from twenty-five cents even up to 
$1, to say nothing of the annoyance of hav- 
ing to whittle out your own pen from the 
quill, and impressing on the back of the mis- 
sive the immense seal so customary in those 
days. Some of these remarkable old epis- 
tles are still to be seen at the Dead Letter 
Office. Their faded lines and yellow ap- 

Ipearance lure one into a deep reverie of 
those long-gone days, and the imagination 
pictures ibe writeis, who years ago have 
crumbled into dust from which they came. 

From November, 1777, to December, 1789, 
all the letters that went astray are recorded 
in a book of forty-one pages. This covers a 
period of twelve years. A marked 

is evident when it is known that for (he 
year 1677 more than four millions of dead 
letters were received bv the Post Office De- 

For the handling of this immense num- 
ber fifty-nine ladies and twenty-nine gentle- 
men are employed. It is an easy matter to 
talk about millions of letters, but when it is 
understoo I that each particular one has to 
be separated, bandied, marked, inspected 
and the majority opened and returned to 
the writer, the magnitude of the work can 
be imagined, if not appreciated. When a 
letter is misdirected or the postage has not 
been prepaid it is sent by the Postmaster 
immediately to the Dead Letter Office, with 
the other letters which have not been called 
for. Here they are opened by the geutle 
men who Bit at long tables in the large 
cheerful room. If anything valuable is con- 

percenlage, over $">0,000 in money and 
more than $1,500,000 in draft*, and com- 
mercial paper was tnken within the last 
year. All but about $.~>.000 of this has been 
returned to the writers. A great abate of 
this comes from the mis or non-directed 

what goes into the letter that they forget 
the superscription. It is a sad thought 
when one reflects upon the vast amount of 
suffering it 

I his 

for i 

lustration, an exact copy of a letter received 
at the office not long since: — 

"My Dear Mag — I resieved your verry 
wilkim letter yeshiday it gave me grate eee 
of mind to here that you are well as this 
leaves me in at present, thank God!" 

The writer then udds a sad story of 
disappointment and disaster, and finishes 
by saying, " I send you ten dollars for yi 


i than I do." 


tained in them they are handed 
other division, where the contents are reg- 
istered and placed in a large Bafe for future 
redemption. If there is nothing in them of 
value they are seut up stairs, where the la- 
dies inspect them, and if the address of the 
writer is found ibe letter is inclosed to the 
person by whom it was written. If the let- 
ter has been held for postage a circular is 
sent to the person to whom it is addressed 
informing him that there has been received 
at the Dead Letter Office a letter directed to 
him which will be forwarded upon receipt of 
the necessary postage. To this circular the 
department receives many very funny re- 
plies. If no response is made within thirty 
days it is treated as an ordinary dead letter. 

The great amount of money passing con- 
tinually through the mails can be imagined 
when out of the dead letters alone, a small 

Poor Mag! The $10 for which she has 
longed and waited has gone into Uncle 
Sam's rich purse — not from choice, but from 

treated in a very diplo: 

i all 

water without being opened, 
seems to be a perfect geographical euigi 
to foreigners when they direct letters 
friends here. They mix all the StateB a 
cities up in one grand mess, and then pu 
considerable amount of the mixture on ea 
letter. For instance, one reads as f 
lows: — " Ole Anderson, Kockawy citi 
North America, New York." Who will n 
dertake to forward that letter ? And yet t 
dwellers across the sea probably make 
more mistakes of this kind than Amcricai 
for how many of us fully understand all t 
geographical localities of the minor cit: 

and provinces of Germany or Sweden, or, in 
fact, any country on the Continent? 

In the gallery there are seated forty or 
fifty ladies, whose business it is to return 
the letters in official envelopes to writers 
when their address can be found. Every 
day the huge sacks which go forth from 
that place crammed with letters show the 
amount of work which the ladies do One 
handsome young lady is kept busy an the 
day in stamping the envelopes, "and she 
does it with lightning rapidity. It is said 
that these ladies are ibe best readers of 
bad writing in the country, and it is not 
to be wondered at when one sees some of 
the specimens of their work. Ihu avetage 
lady reader probably will bay that it must 
be "too funny for auything" to be con- 
tinually reading other people's love letterB ; 
but even gold tarnishes with much hand- 
ling; so it is wilhreadiugother folk's letters 
when it has to be done at the rate of from 
twenty to fifty an hour, day after day and 
month after month. 

A few months ago an application was re- 
ceived for a letter which bad a famous his- 
tory. Forty-two years ago it mi6sea its 
destination and landed in the Dead Letter 
Office. No call was made for it, aud there 
it remained in the archives till the descen- 
dants of the writer, wishing to prove their 
right to hiB property, oblained from old 
journals the information that the deed had 
been mailed at such a time to such a person, 
but had never reached its destination. They 
then made application to the department 
for the letter. The odds were so greatly 
against them that their surprise must have 
be»n boundless when the old yellow docu- 
ment was returned to them just as it had 
been mailed over forty years ago- 
Many will remember the great sensation 
caused by the account of the marriage of 
Don Cabral, the "Diamond King" (a ficti- 
tious character created by Mr. William H. 
McElroy, of the Albany Evening Journal). 
Papers all over the country publ shed the 
account, and as a consequence hundreds 
of letters addressed to him came to the Dead 
Letter Office, and were afterward returned 
to Mr. McElroy as the only living represent- 
ative of the aforesaid fictitious Don. In 
his application for them he says :— " I do 
not wish these letters f^r publication, but 
would value them for file in my scrapbooks 
as illustrating in a marked and unique 
manner the success of "Ihe Brazilian Wed- 
ding;' an extravaganza directed at one of the 
follies of modern life." 

The writeis of these letters represented 
every degree of life, and all with American 
directness asked donations or loans from 
him for that or this purpose. Some even 

Every day there comes with the 
Philadelphia a letter inclosed ii 
white envelope and addiessed in tl 
chirography of a woman to "E 
Ewing;" simply thisand nothing r 
lady never signs anything but ht 
hence the letters 

i the bubject for 

every day seuding a letter 
world to her lost 1 

nay reach his hands. She 
whereabouts, bo she sends 
;cted anywhere, nowhere, 
ring of its ever reaching 

lack of room. Majo: 
chief of the office, has 

Ddlas, the genial 
been making every 
aopened, but there 

i little chanie of hie 
until Congress takes some aclive interest 
in the matter. In this museum one of ihe 
most interesting features would bo the im- 
mense photograph album, which is a great 
study in itself. As the reporter lelt this 
interesting place he couldn't help thinkiog 
how much tiouble and tadcess would be 
averted if people would only direct their 

and full ; 

this does not" suit the ladies, let tbcm al- 
ways add their address to their letters, 
and they will never be lost. — Washington 


Every letter in the alphabet is represented 
in the following sentence of only forty-eight 
letters: John P.Brady, gave me a black walnut 
box of quite a small size. 

The Sandwich Island alphabet has twelve 
letters ; the Burmese, nineteen ; the Italian, 
twenty; the Bengalese, twenty-one; the He- 
brew, Syriac Chiiid<-i- and Samaritan, twenty- 
two each; the French, twenty-three; the 
Greek, twenty-four; the Latin, twenty-five; 
the German, Dutch and English, twenty-six 
each; the Spanish and Sclavonic, twenty- 
seven each; the Arabic, twenty-eight; the 
Persian and Coptic, thirty-two the Georgian, 
thirty- five; the Armenian, thirty-eight; the 
Russian, forty-one; the Muscovite, forty- 
three ; the Sanscrit and Japanese, fifty; the 
Elhiopic and Tartarian, two hundred and two 

i tultivdU/r. 


Pnbll-hed Ifonthlj ni 91.00 per Venr. 


2 : IS 

1 InrhfUtinr.)... 1 20 
Per line, 8 words. JO 

I9a oo 

|M 00 196 00 

e month*, payable 

one yflar, payable 

qiurterly In id Tune*. N 
ntta. BeidluR matter, 2f 

c d rc 

°„T "" """" 


I following publt 

of penmanship "*r published, vl: 

■ «' PoTiipi'ti'linm of Ornni 

y dlHtlnolly. 


Liberal Premiums. 

Please rend our premium list above, and 
see if it will not pay you to nmkean effort to 
secure a few subscribers. Tlie works offered 
are nil valuable, the books are standard 
works, nud are iuvnluable to nil teachers 
ami students of writing, while the Journal 
is well worlh ninny times its subscription 
price to all persons interested in skillful 
writing or teaching. Now, is the time to 
subscribe, commencing with Nc. 9, so as 
to got all our practical lessons in writing. 

Hints to the Teacher of Writing. 

A correspondent nsks our advice regard- 
ing the best method of securing, and in- 
structing, classes iu writing. It is hardly 
possible to lay down any prescribed course 
which will be suited to all persons desir- 
ing to organize nud instruct classes iu 

A course which one teacher might pur- 
sue with signal success, another might 
find quite impracticable ; modes must 
vary according to the taste and peculiari- 
ties of persons. Yet there are some 
things which it will bo at least safe for all 
to observe. 

1. The would-be teacher should be cer- 
tain that he clearly understands the sub- 
ject himself, that he can not only set the 
proper examples, but illustrate in a clear, 
forcible and interesting manner the priu 
ciples, forms and construction of letters 

and the general characteristics of writing, 
and be equally skilfnl in pointing out aud 
correcting the faults of his pupils. 

Hp should have on honest desire and 
firm purpose to spare no efforts to give 
the fullest satisfaction to all pupils. 

In many localities the profession of a 
traveling writing teacher jb in very bad re- 
pute, simply because some poorly qualified 
or dishonest " blow-bard," champion pen- 
man has organized classes, only to collect 
tuition in advance for which, either through 
want of ability or intention, do satisfactory 
return has been given. 

A thoroughly competent and 
tious teacher of writing will always be 
spected and welcome wherever hi 
known and will seldom fail or find it e 
difficult to secure good paying classes 

First, prepare a variety of the most ex- 
cellent specimens of your own plain and 
ornamental writing ; a few specimens 
should be nicely framed and placed in con- 
spicuous places in the neighborhood of 
where the class is to be organized ; also 
prepare a scrap-book or album containing 
specimens in convenient form to illustrate 
quickly aud forcibly your skill, system and 
plnn of teaching. 

This done, call first upon the school offi- 
cers of the place and if possible interest 
them in your behalf, and secure the use of 
a public school room in which to instruct 
the classes ; next call upon the teachers in 
public aud private schools, and if possible 
get permission to give before the pupil> an 
explanation wilh black-board illustrations 
of the system nnd method of teaching ; 
after which call upon nnd endenvor to in- 
terest some of the recognized lenders iu 
society nnd business; these things accom- 
plished the way to success is open and 

It will often, nnd indeed usually, be 
found to be policy to extend an early in- 
vitaiion to all n-bool teachers to join classes 
free of charge ; when the proper encour- 
agement has been received, the rooms for 
instruction secured, nnd the time fixed for 
organizing the ela^s, circulars carefully 
prepared , giving full information, nnd 
containing well authenticated recommen- 
dations from former pupils and patrons, 
should be issued and placed in every house 
nnd place of business in the vicinity ; and 
if not especially repngnnnt to his taste the 
teacher will find it greatly to his advan- 
tage to canvass thoroughly the entire 
neighborhood, exhibiting his best eviden- 
ces of skill nnd ability to give satisfactory 

With persons who are fluent speakers 
and skilful at black-board illustrations it 
is an excellent plan to issue tickets of invi- 
tation, free to everybody, to attend a lec- 
ture accompanied with black-board exer- 
cises illustrating the best system aud 
methods of teaching writing ; special 
preparation and efforts should be made to 
amuse, interest and instruct the assemb- 
lage: after which proceed to take the names 
of all who desire to join for n course of 
instruction ; with many skillful speakers 
aud writers this method alone rarely fails 
to secure large classes. 

The number of lessons for a course va- 
ries with different teachers from ten to twen- 
ty four ; we should favor twenty as the num- 
ber moU likely to give satisfaction to the 
pupils, and bring credit to the teacher. 

Two hours including a short lutermission 
at the middle should constitute a lesson ; 
letsous should not be less frequent 
than two or more than three times per 
week. It is well for economy of time in thick- 
ly populated districts to have two elassesin 
progress in neighboring places, at the same 
time, alternating the lessons so as to give 
three in each place per week. 

of the best quality should be furnished at 
a reasonable cost by the teacher ; this is 
essential tosecure the necessary good aud 
uniform quality. 

To each pupil should be furnished one- 
half a quire of the best cap paper, good 
bluck iuk and pens; we prefer movable copy 
(■lips, either written or engraved, to a book 
with stationary copies ; the slip can be 
kept in close proximity to the pnpil while 
piacticing which is a very great consider- 
ation ; each exercise should be short and 
thoroughly analyzed at the black-board 
before the doss is allowed to practice it. 
It should be borne in mind by the teacher 
that the pupil must first tbiok right before 
he can practice right ; great effort should 
be made to cause the pnpil to study the 
forms and peculiar construction of each 
letter ; as regards the proper positions nnd 
movements a teacher can not be too vigi- 
lant in securiug, and maintaining tbem, 
throughout the entire course of instruction; 
regarding them we have already expressed 
our opiuiou in the previous numbers of this 
Journal to which our inquirer iB referred. 

Directions for Preparing Specimens, 
Letters, &c, Designed for Publication 
in the Journal. 

We are in the receipt of so many speci- 
mens of penmauship — many of great merit 
— desigued by their authors for publica- 
tion in the Journal, which from various 
causes we cannot use, that we have thought 
best to give more explicit directions than 
we have before done regarding the prep- 
aration ol such contributions. 

Many specimens received are either 
exact or slightly modified copies from 
published and fomihar works, we are un- 
willing to be to the expense of engraving 
and giving unmerited credit to the copy- 
ist for such contributions. Specimens, in 
order to be acceptable, must be either orig- 
inal or so greatly modified as to present 
more of the skill of the contributors than 
that of the original author. 

We desire as far as practicable to have 
all illustrations iu the Journal occupy a 
space in width equal to either two or three 
columns, that is 41 or 7 inches. Iu 
order that it may be photo-engraved to the 
best advantage, work should tie executed 
twice the length and width of the desired 
cut, that is on paper either 4jx9, or 7x14 

Use either a good quality of thin bristol 
board or the best quality of heavy cap 
paper, and a good quality of India ink— no 
chemical or ordinary writing ink can be 
used — every line, however delicate, must be 
jet black, no light or gray line can be 
photo-engraved. If perfectly black, no 
matter how fine a line may be, it can be re- 

desigued for publication aa specimens 
should be on a letter sheet 8x12 inches in 
BJze. The writing should be in a strong, 
bold band just twice its usual size. 

Contributions not conforming to the 
above conditions will, of necessity, be re- 


On page 20 of onr compendium will be 
observed a beautiful specimen entitled 
" Home, Sweet Home," executed by J. C. 
Mulkins, from which his address was in- 
advertently omitted. It is Evansville, 

Ancient Penmen 

In the present issue of the Journal we 
give the first of a series of articles from 
the pen of G. H. Sbattuck, the well-known 
general agent of the Spencerian system of 
Penmanship, nt the house of Ivisou, 
Blakeman, Taylor & Co, in this city, in 
which he will present to the readers of the 
Journal many interesting facts relative to 
the most eminent authors and teachers of 
writing in the past, nnd nlso concerning 
their systems and methods of instruction. 
The Journal for March will also contain a 
plate from a rare old Eoglish work, pub- 

lished in 16"9, by Edward Cocker, repre- 
senting the various styles of writing taught 
at that time. 

The New England Card Company, 
Woonsocket, R. I., whose advertisemtn 
will be found in another column, sends us 
an extensive variety of lithographic cards, 
maoy of which are very handsome. Send 
to them for circular and specimens. 

Penmen's Supplies. 
We invite attention to onr list of supplies, 
published iu another column. We are 
prepared to furn'sh promptly, and at rea- 
sonable cost, all nrtichs needed by pen- 
men. By ordering from us they will be 
sure of receiving articles of good quality, 
and especially India ink, of which much 
that is solid is utterly worthless. 

Penmen and Business Colleges 
Desiring fine cuts made from such speci- 
mens of their penmanship as are appropri- 
ate for illustrations in The Art Journal, 
can do so by sharing the expense of 
engraving. Such specimens can be so 
designed as to be equally appropriate as 
display cuts for advertising or illustrations 
for The Jouhnal, while the cost to each 
will be much less 

A New Ink. 
Mr. Thos. P. How, 19 Park Place, New 
York, has handed us a specimen of an 
iuk which he is manufacturing, that ap- 
pears from the trial we have given it, to 
be very well adapted for business and 
school purposes. It is of a rich blue- 
black and flows with great freedom, with- 
out corroding the pen. 

Expensive Experts. 

The Troy Times notes the return of Judge 
Ingalls from the Columbia County Circuit, 
where he had been holding court. The Cir- 
cuit was a heavy one, and the trial of one of 
the causes, an action on a $2,5110 promissory 
iiote, occupied seven and one-half days. The 
defence was a claim of forgery, and the case 
closely contested. Two experts, one from New 
York and one from Boston, testified in rela- 
tion to the genuineness of Ihe signature, then- 
opinions being based not on the comparison 
of the handwriting with that of which it was 
alleged to be an imitation, but on a scientific 
analysis of each letter and stroke, whereby, 
they alleged they could tell whether the writ- 
ing was genuine or an imitation, whether it 
was written Blowly or with rapidity, and, in 
fact, whether or not it was a forgery. One 
of the experts testified that he had been em- 
ployed in over one hundred cases. There are 
said to be but four experts of this kind in the 
world, and the oneB in question charged $100 
per day while iu attendance at the trial. This 
is the second time the ease has been tried, the 
first trial lasting about five days. The ex- 
penses have been about five times the amount 
of the note. A verdict of $2,500 for the 
plaintiff was rendered. 

We should suppose that the experts al- 
luded to in the above item would feel sort 
of lonely, oniy four of them in all the wide, 
wide world. And then to think that such 
rare genius aud profouud wisdom should 
be at the service of poor mortals for the 
mere pittance of one hundred dollars per 
day. Such unselfishness is equalled only 
by the modify of the claim. We sincerely 
regret that we can not enlighten our read- 
ers by furnishing the names of these four 
monopolists. We could only guess who 
they might be. 

Our Premium List 

contains articles of rare value to all teach 
ers and pupils of penmanship, that can be 
obtained by simply taking a littlo pains to 
procure a few subscribers to the Journal. 
Who will not make the effort ? 

The Journal as a Premium. 

We will mail the Journal free for one 
year to any person sending us the names of 
three subscribers and $3, and also send 
the Williams' specimen as a special pre- 
mium to all. 

Rule for Penholding. 
Two fingers out, 
Two fingers in, 
Beud up the thumb, 
And keep it within. 


C. D. B., 8pringville, N. T. A fine quality 
of India ink is tbe most durable aDd tbe best 
for engrossing, and all fine, artistic penman, 

W. B. R., Jordan, Ont, The Spencerian 
copy slips are aold by the pnblishera only 
to commeroial colleges, for which reason 
they are not upon our list of supplies. 

J. B., Canterville, R. I. We positively can 

applicants; nbould we undertake to do so, 
we should soon die from hard work and 

J. N. M. and others asking our advice con- 
ning the best method of organ: 



answers in 

an editorial 

upon tba 



another col 

" Aroateu 

r," Qaiuim 

oont, W, 




a bird is tbe stroke 

n finish 

the bead u 

ade witb tb 

making tbe 

Df the bird? 

the finis 

iii^ s!r,,ke 

of a bird's 1 

e with a 

lirect a 


down motio 

n of tbe pen 

G. N. S., 

forth River 

Va. Do 


It better for 

a l.l l-l,,,,., 

ed persoi 

with bis left band? Nt 

, use the 


if not absol 

tcly impo^B 

ble. The 


all the 

positions in writing, as given by the best 
authors and teachers of writing, are peca- 
Itorly adapted to facilitate the use of the 

ford. 111. 

W. V. Peacon, the most popular and skill- 
ful penman and engrosBer of Brooklyn, fa- 
vored us with a call a few days since. He 
reports a lively business in his line. 

J. G. Cross, A. M., principal, of the North- 
western Business College, Naperville, 111., 
publishes a t-jstem of Pbonofciapl y, which 
in a comparison with three others of our 
most Doted authors, npon that subject, he 
shows to be thirty-five per cent, shorter 
than the briefest ol thnir systems. Readers 
interested in this subject will do well to 
send for his circular. 

C. J. Brown, who conducts the commer- 
cial department of Chamberlain Institute, 
Randolph, N. Y., and who also edits 
the Institute Journal, is about to publish 
"Brown's Complete Business Guide/ which 
will contain one hundred-and-sixty pages, 
treating of book-keeping, commerciwl cal- 
culations, commercial law, Ac. Prof. Brown 
has been a pupil of P. R. Spencer, Jr., and 
is an easy, graceful writrr 
Fielding Schofield. goi 


his thirty-third birth-day, he wbr presented 
with a beautiful copy of " Barlley's Illustra- 
ted Rbiue from its Sources to the Sea," by 
tbe students of the B., S. and Clark's Busi- 
ness College, Newark, N. J. Prof. Scho- 
field is an accomplished penman and skilful 
instructor, ergo, we are not surprised to 
learn of his popularity with his pupils. 

honest statement of facts and information 
necessary to would-be patrons, free from 
the extraordinary claims and promises too 
often seen in commercial college advertis- 

H. B. Bryant, one of the original found- 
ers of the Bryant & Stratton chain of busi- 
ness colleges, bus recently introduced into 
bis college at Chicago exteusive and im- 
proved facilities fo- conducting his course 
of actual business training. We learn that 
bis college is in a highly prosperous con 

F. E. Arnold, who for many years has 
conducted a very thriving business college 
at Los Angeles, Cal., is now very anxious 
to dispose of bis college, on account of his 
very poor health, from which he is almost 
incapacitated for teaching. Prof. Arnold 
writes, " The school is first-class, in room, 
fittings, furniture, college stationery, ele- 
gant letter heads and diploma, centrally 
located, and without competition." Any 
competent teacher desiring a good opening, 
will find it to their interest to communicate 
with Mr. Arnold. 


Sheridan says, " Easy writing is curbed 
bard rending." 

We are infoimed that a bookkeeper 
who lately absconded was fripbtened 

quently prominent feature, and thus imbib- 
ing wisdom, I have ofteu experienced a 
feeling akin to being " tickled to death." 
All things considered, the litter method of 
determining character is fur more agreea- 
ble and reliable than by Graptoiuanoy. 

All the letters of the alpbnbet in their 
regular order will be found in the follow- 
ing anecdote : 

A B that could C far over the D with 
great Es, F allowed so to do, tried one 
day to extract honey from a piece of G's 
liberally sprinkled with eunff. " H-choo I 
H-choo !" sneezed the bee. "I would 
sooner be a J, and be, as the poet says, 
' nappy, free and K,' than try to extract 
honey from such stuff." So he buzzed to 
his home, a nice house with an L to it, 
where M, his wife & all the little bees were 
taking, O, such a nice meal from a sweet 
P ! The old bee arranged his Q, and said 
"You R a nice lot, ain't you? One little 
bee not seeing the sarcasm, answered, ■' I 
sir!" This put the old bee in good 
humor and, after taking some, he said, 
" U may have this V for pin money if 
you promise that you won't go near the 

umber vines ; they'll W up if you touch 

i. "Give us an X and we'll promise," 
said the little ones. "That would be as 
bad as tbe cucumber vines," said the old 
bee. " Y " asked the little ones. " Pshaw 1 
can't youZ ? It would be doubling up." 

J. R. Parrell, of Brooklyn, incloses several 
very creditable specimens of card-writing. 

H. S. Clough, Chicago, III., incloses in a 
well written business letter several beautiful 
card specimens. 

C. F. Eisenhaur, Columbia, Pa., sends 
accurately drawn copies of two published 
designs for flourishing which is not a satis- 
factory evidence of real skill. 

A. A Clark, penman at Gregory's Busi- 
ness College, Newark, N. J., seWs a well 
written letter, and fine club of subscribers 
for the Journal. 

H- C. Spacer, president of the Washing- 
ton, D. C, Business College, favors us with 
a beautifully written letter; for ea£e, grace, 
and elegance of style, it is king. 

H. Y. Stoner, Assistant penman at Greg- 
orys Business College, Newark, N. J., sends 
a very handsomely written letter inclosing 
some very elegantly written cords. 

G. W. Thompson, principal of Howe's 
Commercial College, Worcester, Mass., in- 
closes in a gracefully writteD letter some 
very free and elegant off-hand writing. 

Chas. D. Bigelow, Springville, N. Y., 
writes a beautiful letter ; the cards which he 
incloses are among tbe most elegant and 
tasty specimens we have received. 

E L. Burnett, Elmira, N. Y., favors us 
with several well executed specimens of 
flourishing, drawing, cards and business 
writing. For ease and grace they are Bel- 
Mr. E. Blackman, Worcester, Mass., for- 
wards fourelegantsheets of off-hand flourish- 
ing, consisting of birds and a swan; they 
evince much more than the usual degree of 
originality in the design, and skill in execn- 

I. S. Preston forwards a flourished bird 
which is rarely equalled in grace, and free- 
dom of movement. He is teaching large 
classes, in central New York, assisted by two 
of his former pupils, H. W. Bearce and M 
E. Bennett. 

L. D. Smith, teacher of writing in the 
public schools, Hartford, Conn., sends us 
a letter done up in the best style. In free- 
dom and grace of movement, and general 
good taste it is rarely equalled. In it he en- 
closes several copy slips which are elegant. 

W. L. Dean, of the Wyoming Commercial 
College, Kingston, Pa. sends a well executed 
and original design of flourished birds with 
scrolling and lettering, designed for publi- 
the JorjBHAL, which is quite impos- 
nt of the poor quality of ink 

Nelson I. Jones, penman at the Queen 
City Commeninl College, Cincinnati 
sends a splcud.dly TCr , Uen ]et ter inclosing 
a variety of very gracefnl and perfectly writ- 
ten slips and cards : also, an engraved copy 
of alion executed in flourish by bim. Mr 
Jones is evidently an accomplished penman 

Business College Items. 
C. E. Cady, Principal of the Cady, Will- 
son & Walworth Business Cullege, New 
York, has handed to us a package of speci- 
mens of writing from upwards of twenty 
of the pupils at present in attendance nt 
that institution. These specimens exhibit 
an unusual proficiency in writing, and 
speak well for the instructor and pupils. 

E. K. Bryan, Columbus, O., reports up- 
ward of one hundred students in attend- 
ance. We are in receipt of tbe Columbus 
(O.) Statesman, containing an able, instruc- 
tive and interesting lecture recently deliv- 
ered by Prof. Bryan before the students 
of bis college. We hope to find space for 
" in some future number of the Journal. 

J. E. Sonle, the accomplished Principal 
of the B. & S. Business College, at Phila- 
delphia, favored us with n call a few days 
:e. He also reports that he is enjoying 
isunl success— which, in our selfishness, 
we almost wish might be suspended at 
least long enough to enable him to prepare 
a specimen of his skill for publication in 
the Journal, which he says he can not now 
find time to do. We live in hopes. 

H. E. Hibbard. Principal of the B. & S. 
Commercial School, Boston, who favored 
rts with a call recently, reports that he is 
at present having an unprecedented at- 
tendance of students. His annual cata- 
logue, which has been received, is a model 
of good taste in advertising ; being a plain, 

away by the fall of several columns of 
ures which he had put up on 

It is a noticeable feature in government 
recoids that old penshunners generally 
sign their name with a mark. 

The rich display of capitals in the 
writing of a tyro is no evidence that he is 
a capitalist. 

The original author of the Spencerian 
system of penmanship can never be ex- 
celled, because he was and will ever re- 
main the P. (ee) R. Spencer. 

Tbe cosmopolitan nature of the Pen- 
man's Art Journal, and its mngnanimous 
Ames, are manifest in reading the back 
numbers of this perfectly peerless publica- 
! tion, wherein we find u kindly feehDg en- 
tertained by persons of very dissimilar 
views and condilions, from the Dean of 
Kingstou to the Musselman of Quincy, 
horn the Blackman of Green Bay to the 
White man of Uxbridge, and from Asire of 
Northfield to a Man's son of Boston and 
a Madderson of Ithaca. 

The Giaptomancist will often judge of 
a man by an examination of his handwrit- 
ing, but I have frequently determined the 
character of au individual by observing the 
movement of the mouth when writing, es- 
specially if preceded by a long and intimate 
acquaintance with the party ; and, while 
watching the unconsoious play of that fre- I 

New Bookkeeping. 

S. S. Packard, author of the Bryant & 
Stratton popular series of book-keeping, 
has nearly completed a new work upon 
that subject, entitled " The Universal 
Book-keeping, " the advance sheets of 
which are now issued, and will be mailed 
on application free for inspection. These 
sheets give evidence that Mr. Packurd's 
new work will be the mo*t clear, concise, 
practical and exhaustive treatise upon the 
theory and practice of book-keeping hereto 
issued, adapted olike for use in school or 
in the counting room. 

Anecdote of Franklin. 
When quite a youth, Franklin went to 
London, entered a prinliug office and en- 
quired for employment as a printer. 

''Where are you from?" inquired the 

" America," was the reply. 
" Ah ! " said the foreman, " from Amer- 
ica ? a lad from America seeking employ- 
ment us a printer.— Well, do you really 
understand tbe art of printing; can you 
set type ?" 

Franklin stepped to one of the cases and 
in a very brief space set up the following 
passage from the first chapter of the Gos- 
pel by St. John: 

"Nathaniel saith nnto him, can any 
good thing come out of Nazareth ? Philip 
saith unto him, come and see." 

It was done so quickly, so accurately, 
and contained a delicate reproof so ap- 
propriate and powerful, that it at once 
gave bim character and standing with all 
in the office. 


Letter Writing. 

The advantage* thai mo.f.>f ourBusinesB 
Colleges afford young men in tbe way of 
preparation for l>n*ine«» is becoming gen- 
erally recognized ; and if any one will hut 
examine the letters of application Mill In 
in reply to advertinement in some one of 
■ dailie*, aiking for clerical help, 
,|,lv -<■..• the eflVrt of their teach- 
ings. It ih estimated that tliere are five 
thousand youiiH nh'n r hj| ■!'•> -■] in < (Tn'-'S 
in N'-w York .itv aloDO, who have at some 
period of their life attended o business 
SOUegi Ae the boy >» father lo tbe man, 
ao will the jnfluenco of tbil great army of 

burinem itudents exert ItseK oo the future 
saDeratiiiuH in behalf of these useful insti- 

A prior preparation to anj profession is 

m e-sential to micccss in these days of 
strife and advanceim-nt. BJ it is that a 
school boy should know the multiplication 

table before multiplying, one nomber by 
another. So generally la this fact recog- 
diz.iI, that one may at any time meet in 
the street-* of our city students of every 
profession or calling. We have our divin- 
Itjj colleges, nedioal colleges, law college*, 

dental colleges, musical colleges, theatrical 
colleges, agricultural colleges, and it would 
be very strange Indeed if we did not have 
any business colleges. But we have them, 
thanks to the American spirit of enter- 

These thoughts have followed a perusal 
of the letters that have come to hand in 
response to my article in the last number 
of the Journal. The attempt I made to 
test the epistolary abilities of our business 
studeuts has so far proved a success. 
Maiiy letters huve been received, and 
many queries propounded, and I hepe I 
shall bo able to throw some light into the 
dark reoe&ses oi the minds of our youthful 
letter-writers. Upon the whole, the replies 
are good, I might almost say excellent ; 
but, in examining them carefully, I have 
dossed them under three heads— fair, 
good, and excellent. Under the latter 
class. I have pleasure in giving special 
credit to John H. Reddin, Norwich, N. Y.; 
W. E Dennis, Bryant \- Btratton Business 
Colh-pe, Boston ; J. P. Wilson, TJtioaBusi- 
Dees College, Utioa, N. Y.; W. W. Ham- 
mond, Western Business College, Gales- 
burg. 111.; C. D. Hawley, Salem, N. Y. 
All these young men have written excellent 
letters in e7ery sense of the term — letters 
that would bo sure to command an inter- 
view with the advertiser. 

Among those who have done well, but, 
through some t-light defect in detail, I have 
not been able to put them under the head 
excellent, are the following: C. W. Rice, 
Marysville, O. ; Charles H. Reeve, Greg- 
ory's Business Colltge, Newark, N. J. ; 
W. A. Chess, Brownsville, Mali.; H. L. 
Davis, \\. Harrigan, Ohailea Dowd, and 
T. T. T., Wright's Business College, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y ; George T. Gwilliam, SuiiIc'k 
Business College, Philadelphia ; and \V 
D. Speck, Silsbee'« Business College, 
Jauesville, Wis. 

The following I am under the necessity 
of criticising: M. Munsou Searing, Greg 
oiya Business Cull.-.-. Newark, N. J., 

writes a beautiful baud and a lair letter 
but it is impossible t > tell from his lettei 
whether his name is Soaring, or Leariug 
and as to the gentlouiau's name to whom 
he refers, it would take a Philadelphia 
lawyer tO lead it. Mi. Bearing, or Leav- 
ing, you should I'e very careful in speaking 
or writing personal names to strangers. J. 
U., of New York, should submit tbe next 
letter he writes to the gentlemen to whom 
he refers. They will eeitaiuly tell him his 
faults, and that is appaieutly what he is in 
need of moat 

P. W. McCoy, Sheakleyville, Pa., 
writes mi excellent business baud, but his 
letter is not well worded, nor is there any 
order to it. Mr. McCoy, you should pur- 
chase a copy of Towusend's Aualysis of 
Letter Writing and study the forms in it ; 


it will be money in your pocket Your 
good penmanship is marred for want of 
attention to form. 

E. D. Worcester, Roscoe, 111., could be 
benefitted in the same way. Never use 
legal cap paper again for a business letter. 

Isaac W. Browne, of Norwich, N. Y., 

d F. N. Reynolds, of Newark, have mis- 
spelled words. 

A. C. Baker and Edward Hill should 

iprove their peumanship. 

Montgomery S. Tate, of Newark, writes 

miserable hand, but is a very precocious 
youth. He is but eleven years old, so he 
says, aud can speak GermaD, Latin aud 
Greek. I don't wonder at his penmanship 
being poor. It in said of John Stuait Mill 
that he had mastered the Greek language, 
written a history of Rome, and had com- 
pleted a thorough course of study in logic 
aud political economy at twelve years of 
age. So, my boy, there is doubtless a 
brilliant future before you, but for busi- 
ness you are too young and know too 

Chas. F. Reeve, of Maplewood, N. J., 
a graduate of Gregory's Business College, 
Newark, a very creditable letter 
with this exception : He says he is seven- 
teen, but fails tn state whether he means 
seventeen miles from Newark or seventeen 
years of age. If you mean your age, say 
teventeen years of age or seventeen years 
old, Mr. Reeve. 

Since writing the above, a well written 
letter has been received from L. Madarasz, 
B.oekport, N. Y. It does not alter our 
opinion, however, that the best letter of 
application is from John H . Reddin, 
Norwich, N. Y. Below we give his letter 
aud to him will be sent a copy of the Jour- 
nal for one year. 

Practical LessonB in Writing. 

Norwich, N. Y., Jan. 9, 1878. 
H. a Wright, Brooklyn, JIT. Y. 

Deaii Silt :— In answer to your adver- 
tisement in the January number of the 
Penman's Art Journal, I would say that I 
am of the age you require ; and that I 
have a good knowledge of bookkeeping, 
both single aud double entry. 

As to habits and character, I respectfully 
refer you to Hon. J. W. Church, District 
Attorney, Chenango county; Prof. H. L- 
Ward, Glnversville, N. Y. ; Prof. Eugene 
Bouton, Sheiburne, N. Y. 

If yon are satisfied as to my fitness, I 
shall be glad to accept the position at any 
reasonable compensation. 

I am, very respectfully, 
John H. Reddin. 

Back Numbers. 
We can now supply Nos. 5, 6, 7, 8. 9 and 
10 only. Subscribers can have_ their sub- 
scriptions begin and date with either of 
the back numbers. 

a combines Prins. 3, 3, 2, 1, 2. 
;-/7/ It is 1 space high and 3 wide. 
First left curve rises 1 space to a 
point 3J spaces to the right. Retrace the 
curve t its length, then separating, con- 
tinue to base line ; turn short and ascend 
with right curve, meeting preceding curve 
at head-line, forming pointed oval J space 
in width and on connective slant. Complete 
like u from its second angular joining at 
top. Count 1, 2, 3, 4, 1. 

e combines Prins. 2, 3, 2. The 

'£/"' line joins in turns at top and baBe. 

The first right and the left curve 

cross each other at J the height of letter. 

forming a small loop. Tbe two right curves 

are similar. Count 1, 2, 1. 

c combines Prins. 2,1, 2,3,2. 
", ■ ■■' The first curve rises 1 space and 
angularly with straight line, de- 
scending on main slant J space. The 
straight line unites in narrow turn with 
right curve rising to full height of letter, 
which is then finished like e. Entire 
width, 2 spaces. Width of top J space. 
Count 1,2, 3,4, 1. 

r combines Prius. 2, 3, 2, 1, 2. 
~7'fy— Right curve rises \\ spaces. A 
dot is made at top, which is fol- 
lowed by a nearly vertical left curve. 
Unite in very short turn with straight 
line, and finish like i. Entire width, 2 
spaces. Width at shoulder, \ space. 
Count 1, 2, 3, 1. 

s combines Prins. 2, 3, 2, 2. 
~~<-^- Right curve rises \\ spaces; then 
joins in an angle with descending 
compound curve, which, touching the base 
line, rises and terminates with a dot on 
pace in height, 
combines Prins. 2, 1, 2, 1. 
i two spaces high and two 
>. Tbe right curve extends 
ards two spaces. A straight 
iaded) on main slant retrac 'S this 
1 space. It is finished with hori- 
zontal line 1 space long, crossing main 
part i space below top. i of tbe cross 
should be to tbe right and $ to the left of 
crossing point Count 1, 2, 5 cross. 

c/combines Prins. 3, 3, 2, 1, 
I 2. It is two spaces high 

I ^ - // • 3 wide. It is made like a, 
wf — the exception that the first 
right curve rises 2 spaces, and is retraced 
1 by the descending line, and is shaded 
Count 1, 2, 3, 4, 1. 

p combines Prins. 2, 1, 3, 1 
2. Extends 2 spaces above and 
11 below base line. Width 
3 spaces. The right of the p 
from the beginning of left 
3urve is precisely like the right 
of the n. 1, 2, 3, 4, 1. 


a combines Prins. 3, 3, 2, 1 , 2, • 
\-£y— — 3. Extends 1 space above and 

V$- 1J space below the base line. 

' First curve and pointed oval 

same as in a. Opening between straight 
line and final curve at base line | space. 

-jt— h combines Prin. 4, 3, 1, 2. 

I J/ Highland * idth, each 3 spaces. 
X^rZ^ ~ Loop formed as above describ- 
ed. The remainder of the h is 
formed like the right of the n, with tbe 
down line lightly shaded. Count 1, 2, 3, 
4, 1. 

k combines Prins. 4, 3, 2. 
| ^ // 1, 2. Hight and width, each 
__^L — 3 spaces. Hight of right half, 
\ SY £ s L — l \ spaces. From loop crossing 
to right of small oval, 1 space. Between 
straight lines, \ space full. Count 1, 2, 3, 
4, 5. 1. 

/combines Prins, 4, 2, joined 
/7 in a narrow turn at base. Hight, 
\—rfr — 3 spaces. Main width, 2 spaces. 
^^ — Co U0t lt 2, 1. 

b combines Prins. 4, 2, 2. 
Hight, 3 spaces ; main width, 2 
spaces. From loop crossing to 
dot, and thence to end of final 
curve, each J space, b iB simply / with 
termination like 10. Count 1, 2, 3, 1. 

j combines Prins. 2. 4. Ex- 
tends 1 space above and 2 below 
baseline. Main width, 2 spaces. 
Loop same as in h inverted. 
Loop crossing at base line. Dot same as 
in i. Count 1,2, 3, dot 

V combines Prine. 3, 1, 2, 4. 

Extends 1 space above and 2 

below base line. Width, 3 

spaces. The y is simply h m- 

Count 2, 3, 4, 1. 

g combines Prins. 3, 3, 2, 4. 
Extends 1 space above aud 2 
below baseline. First curveand 
pointed oval precisely as in a. 
Inverted loop, same as in j. Count 1, 2, 
3, 4. 1. 

z combines Prins. 3, 1, 4. 
IS//' Extends 1 space above and 2 
W spaces below base line. Main 

■"- ' width, 2 spaces. Upper section 

like first half of n. From angle at base to 
loop crossing, i space. Count 1, 2, 3, 1. 
/ combines Prin. 4 direct 
and Prin. 4 reversed and in- 
verted. Extends3spacesabove 
aud 2 below base line. Main 
width, 2 spaces. Upward curve 
of lower loop ascends upon the 
right side of downward hue, crosses it J 
space above base line, then unites uugularly 
with final curve. Count 1, 2, 3, 1. 

Long s combines Priu. 4 
direct and Prin. 4 inverted. 
Extends 3 spaces above and 
2 spaces below baseline. Full 
width, 2 spaces. Width of 
loops, J space each. Count 1, 
2, 1. [To be continued. J 


Teaching Writing. 

Teaching ib an Art— Writing is an Art. 
Each has itu Theory and each its Practice 
—while each is best exemplified and util- 
ized by practical illustration. 

To uuderetnnd a rabject does not imply 
the power to impart a like understanding 
of that Bubject to others. So the ability 
to write does not imply the ability to 
teach writing, neither does it follow that 
a teacher of writiDg must of uecessity be 
an expert penman, however desirable such 
an acquisition might be as an incentive to 
pupils ; but he must be an expert teacher. 
These are facta which have been amply 

Writing, of all subjects taught in school, 
requires the greatest amount of tact, 
talent, patience and perseverance ou 
the part of the teacher to bring to a satis- 
factory and definite condition. Why ? 
Because every inexperience, err 
ness, and inaccuracy is indelibly 
in " black and white," which 
confront its author and abettor. Because 
it is both mental and manual. The mind 
must not only be informed, but the baud 
must be brought under its dominion and 
thereby reflect the instruction. Tlius the 
teacher of writing labors at tlie short end 
of a very long lever, with u very unstable 
fulcrum 1 To make definite the steps and 
the progress,— this is the direction in 
which lies the road to success in teaching 
this Art. The failure to do this, is the 
failure of thousands who attempt to teach 

" There can be no excellence without 
greot labor" is emphatically true of both 
teaching and acquiring Penmanship. De- 
finite results can only come from definite 
teaching; and definite forms muBt be the 
result of definite ideas. Accept these hints 
as true, and you can succeed ; reject them 
and you will fail. 

Every penman and admirer of fine 
penmanship wants the Journal, if you 
know of any Buck who does not take it, 
tell them about it or send us their names 
and address, that we may mail thi 

Writing is valuable chiefly frni 
business standpoint ; then let us follow 
requirements of business, which are legi- 
bility, rapidity, neatness. It is believed 
that these conditions can bet-t be reached by 
girls as well as by boys through the same 
standard methods. No disparagement to 
any grade of excellence is here intended — 
the idea being that an unusual style may 
not be, and probably in not, the best. 
Yours very truly, C. E. Cady. 

Over Two Hundred 

New subscribers to the Journal have 
been received during the mouth of Janu- 
ary. How's that, you doubters ? Can you 
with ample assurance 
rill not only live, but 
attraction and interest, 
L-ftu withhold his sub 
uce ? 

Ames's Compendium of Practical and 
Ornamental Penmanship. 
We give below two only of a multitude 
of similar conipliniciitnry letters received 
from all parts of the United States : 
Latimer Business Training School, 
Paterson, N. J , Jan. 24, 1878. 
D. T. Ames, Esq.: 

I h .ik Sir : A copy of your compendium 
has been in my possession a few weeks 
and I wish to testify to its utility, as it has 
aided me greatly in executing a piece of 
work, by enabling mo to modify and re- 
arrange parts and designs previously 
formed, to my better satisfaction. 
Yours truly, 
Geo. W. Latimer, Principal. 

that the Journal 
continue to grow i 

scription and influ 

Cady, Willson k Walworth'b 
Business College and Phonographic Inst., 
No. 3u" East Fourteenth Street. 
New York, Dec. 27, 1877. 
Editor Penman's Art Journal : 
Dear Sir,— As no one seems to take ex- 
ception to what you said iu the September 
number of the Journal on styles of writing 
for ladies, it is to be presumed that teach- 
ers of penmanship are discarding the so- 
colled ladies' Laud, and are teaching boys 
aud girls alike. It seems to me that this 
is as it should be, and your remarks are 
just to the point when you say chat for 
clerks, copyiBts, accountants, aud even 
teachers, the standard hand is more ac- 

special style for ladies is objection- 

easy to 

learn, it is slowly written, and b 
men do not like it. 

The inside shade on capitals and the 
extended loopi on the small letters present 
peculiar difficulties to the learner, and 
after they are learned more care is required 
to write them than for what is known as 
the staudard capital and the shorter loop. 

The pains that must be taken to leave 
the shade entirely ou the inside, and not 
clumsily drag it outside of its legitimate 
position, added to the time and care 
necessary to mnke a long loop where a 
Btiort one would do, must render execution 

It is no recommendation to a person 
seeking a business position that he or she 
writes a "copy " hand; it is pretty good 
evidence that the writer is not quick ; 
besides, however pretty this writing may 
be, the average man of business prefers the 
prevailing styles though there may be but 
little "style" about them. 

Wyoming Commercial College. 

Kingston, Pa., Jany. G, 1878. 
Deab Sib: The compendium has been 
received. I can not forbear expressing my 
highest praise in its favor; to say that it 
goes entirely beyond iny expectations would 
be but a feeble expression of my satisfaction 
with it. 

I have always entertained a very high 
appreciation of your ability and talents as a 
penman, but never before did I realize to 
lence you have 
1 study carefully 
Lord's Prayer, 

. that their 
author must be a "genius in ink." 

The name of Ames should be— and there 
is no doubt but it will be — held in grateful 
remembrance by the penman of coming 
generations, as is that of Spencer, long after 
its possessor shall have parsed away. 

You are doing a good work, and that you 
may continue in well-doing is the desire of 
Your friend, 

W. L. Dean. 

what a high order 

of exce 

attained. Any one 


those Resolutions, 

and th 

and other works as 

they are 

dium, can not fail 

o come 

elusion that I have 



beautiful work."— D. L. Mos- 

Prof. Ames : 

Dear Sir ; I am in receipt of the Art 
Journal for December. Permit me to say 
that I am highly pleased with each number 
received, and I doubt not it will bealasting 
success. I am sorry that such a popular 
penmau as Prof. Russell should witliold 
his support from the Journal, in the way 
of getting subscribers, which is the only 
way to make such a paper successful. A 
regards the failure of the Penman's Ga- 
zette, I consider that a much greater 
reason for all penmeu making un exertion 
to su port the Journal. Just before the 
failure of the Penman's Gazette, I sent 
Prof. Goskell six new subscribers at 
seventy-five cents each. They received 
four numbers of the Gazette and a copy 
of Gaskell's Compendium and were well 
p eased with the same ; hence, I fail to 
see where or how we have been duped 
very badly by editors of penman's papers. 
Very truly yours, 

B.A. Lambert. 
Supt. of Penmanship Dept. 

College Papers, Catalogues, &c. Re- 

North Western Business College Journal, 
Madison, Wis., H. M. Wilmot, principal. 

National Business College Journal, Otta- 
wa, Out., J. M. Musgrove, principal. 

Hairs College Journal, Logausport, Ind., 
E. A. Hall, principal. 

College Record, Toledo, Ohio, G. E. Dit- 
wiler, principal. 

Wright's Business College Journal, Brook- 
lyn, NY..H. C. Wright, principal. 

College Tell Tale, issued by the students 
of Packard's Business College, New York. 

Catalogue, from Rochester, N. Y.. 
Business University, Williams, principal. 

Catalogue, from Soule's, B. & S. Business 
College, Philadelphia, Pa., J. E. Soule, 

Catalogue, from Moore's Business Col- 
lege, Atlanta, Ga., Moore, principal. 

Circular, from the Green Bay, Wis., 
Business College, A. C. Blackmau, prin- 

Circular, from the New Jersey Business 
College, Newark, Miller & Stock veil, 

Circular, from Clark's, B. & S. Business 
College, Newark, N. J. 

Cata'ogue, from B. k S. Business Col- 
lege, Brooklyn, N. Y., C. Claghorn, 

Circular, from the Normal Writing In-' 
stitute, Boston, H. C. Kendall, principal. 

Catalogue, from the Wyoming Business 
College, Kingston, Pa., W. L. Dean, peu- 

Sacramento Business College Journal, E, 
C. Atkinson, principal. 

Terre Haute Business College Journal, 
R. Garvin, principal. 

Catalogue, from Queen City (Cincin- 
nati) Business College, Henry A. Faber, 

Catalogue, from the Jacksonville, 
Illinois, Business College, Messrs. Cramp- 
ton & Brown, principals. 

Browne's Phonographic Monthly pub- 
lished by D. L.Scott Brown, 737 Broad 
way, New York, is a twenty-page pamphlet 
devoted exclusively to the subject of pho- 
nography. It contains much to interest 
and instruct those interested in short-band. 

The Interstate Normal Monthly pub- 
lished by Messrs. Campbell & Post, Moul- 
ton.Iowa, isan interesting eight-page paper 
devoted to educational matters. Teachers 
will find in it many useful and practical 

The Galesbury, 111., Republican Regis 
ter is a well-edited and very readable 
paper. It devotes a column of each issue 
to business college items. 

to take tb 

e oath aud be 

inducted in 

n Hi. 

office to w 

appointed m 

The Tal 

'lit Old IM1IIIJ 


How dare 


dare you 

come iu he 

re with so 


proposition ' 

I never .ton. 

i office. Yon 

're crazv. I 

heard of i 

ou. Who are 

ion and wh 

1 l!l> 


nean by ccm 

here with 

ueha8tory? Go home! Go 

n t bother nit 

" I beg your pardon,' 

said the tall 






from you in reply to my ap- 
ication, in which you offer me a clerkship 
your office." and taking from his pocket 
folded paper he spread it before the Ba- 
nished Treasurer, who read :— 
"Sib — The lequest contained in youra of 
— date is herewith complied with. Sin- 
Holy Moses," said he, "you asked me 
tograph, and this is my reply. 

Do you think I 

m a 

amued idiot > 


"Not at all 

lid the tall 

"only you hav 

e made a mistake 

I wrote 

Dffice, and 


ation. I 

have spent all 


money in purcltnsing 

these garment 

Washington, a 

d ] 

cc which 

you have prom: 

The old ma 

iped up, rus 

ed to hie 

letter file and 


vtred that o 

a tbe day 

named he bad r 

e,l two applie 

UionB for 


one for an c 

Once. He 

had mailed tb 

all Ibrie. 

Hesat down, tu 


and gazed sadly at the 



d then going down into bis peckets he 
raked up all his loose greenbacks and frac- 
tional currency, and handing them over 
said; — "There, take that and poy your 
fare back to your home in the country, and 
thank God that you have escaped a public 
office." — Was7dngton Union. 

That Anaconda Signature. 

Francis E. Spinneb Gave 
pice to a Tall Vihginian. 
j things happened lo General 

How Geneb. 

Spinner, late United"Stat" 
iug the many years he held that responsible 
position, but the bluff old watch dog of the 
Treasury had a practical way of managing 
which seldom failed to win against all odds. 
He got caught one day, however, in the 
most unexpected manner. His signature, 
so well known where greenbacks have rami- 
fied, got in time to be so much in demand 
that people all over the country used to 
write asking him for his autograph. He 
fell into a habit of complying by returning 
a brief response, in which, after the formal 
beginning he would Fay: " The request 
" "uyournoteof 

The Labor of Writing. 

A rapid loug-liand penman can write 
thirty words iu a minute. To do this he 
must draw his pen through the space of 
one rod — sixteen and one-half feet. In 
forty minutes his pen travels a fnilong, and 
in five and one-third hours one mile. We 
moke, on an average, sixteen curves or 
turns of the pen in writing each wovd. 
Writing thirty words a minute, we must 
make four hundred und eighty — eight to 
each second ; in an hour, twenty-eight 
thousand eight hundred ; in a day of only 
five hours, one hundred and forty-four 
thousand ; in a year of three hundred days, 
forty-three million, two hundred thousand. 
The man who made one million strokes Of 
the pen a month is not at all remark- 
able. Many men make four millions. 
Here we have in the aggregate a mark 
three hundred miles loug, to be traced on 
puper by each writer in a year. Iu making 
each letter of the ordinary alphabet, we 
must take from tbiee to seven strokes of 
the pen— on au average three and a half 
to four. (Iu Phonography, an expert can 
write one hundred and seventy to two 
hundred words in a minute 1 Apply your 
multiplication to this, and see where your 
loug hand writer stands). — Writing Teacher. 

Stimpson's U. S. Treasury Gold Pens. 
*'I regard it as infinitely superior for 
fine writing to any make of gold pens I 
have ever used." — Thomas P. Davis, au- 
ditor Penn. R. R. Co. 

" I cheerfully concur in the above opin- 
ion." — ,T. V. Ewell, book-keeper Penn. 
R. R. Co. 

Lebanon, O., Dec. 18, 1877 
D. T. Ames : 

Dear Sir — Pleuse insert the following 
lines in your paper : 

Will some of the corresponendtsof the 
Journal give me through its columns their 
opinion in regard to the best plan of get- 
ting up a class in the country ? 

Backwoods Penman. 

ould affix hi 







f the 

... r 1 




plied with," to which he t 
l«s\que signature. 

office and stated that he had come up to be 

_ inner looked up. " What did you say?" 
said he. 

came to take the oath of office." 

"Go to Chicago," said he. "What 

do you mean ?" 

"I mean," said the tall Virginian, very 
slowly and solemnly, " that I have come up 

Columbia, S. C , 

'. T. Ames: 

Sua : I herewith give you a recipe for pre- 
. iring pan' 
parts of finely pulverized pun 

Tnke 6 

part of cooking soda, 

with a piece of chamois tkin ; by this pro- 
cess one can write as well on parchment as 
on paper I have pit-pared it in this man- 
ner for the last leu years with the gieatest 
e in giving this 

al I. 

upe f 

. 6a: 


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VOL. I. NO. 12. 

vrk;iit's m mness coli.i<:<; 



Eminent Penmen of Olden Times. 

The oldest work accessible to me on 
penmanship is that of Peter Cocker, pub- 
lished in 1659, the title page of which is 
fully set forth in the photo-eugraviug 
which appears on page 3. The engraving 
will give a very correct idea of the size and 
snaps of the book. It contains twenty- 
two pages of letter-press, and twenty-eight 
eDgraved pages of which the illustration 
in this paper presents a very good idea. 
Cocker seeme to have been a proline author, 
aud was not only skillful with pen aud 
graver but was perhaps quite as well up in 
mathematics, and was the author of a 
work on this subject. He was also some- 
thing of a poet, and published a book 
called the "Muses Flower Garden." In 
the year 1777, John Hawkins published 
Cocker's Vulgar Arithmetic a posthumous 
work. Under the frontispiece picture are 
these four lines. 

Bfullj I 

It seems a siugnlar omission of Bickham 
iu hie Peuman's Compunion, published in 
Loudon, 1731, that after copying m his 
book from the works of tour foreign 
writing masters, from M.iterot, iu 1G04, to 
Perliug, in 1G82, and presenting Seddon, 
iu 1604, as the first of a long list of Eu- 
glish peumen, that no mention is made of 
Pater Cocker, and had we uo other dates 
we might infer that he was not iu good re- 
pute iu his day aud generation; but for- 
tunately Massey in his work (1763,) elabor- 
ates and devotes more space to Cocker aud 
his works than to any other writing master. 

I propose in another article to give a brief 
sketch of his life, devoting the remainder 

of this to some extracts from his " Arts' 
Qlorj , or Penman's Treasury.*' 

"To the ingenious Practitioner in the 
Art of Writing. — Writing is an art 
neither mechanical or liberal yet the parent 
and original of both; not a science ye( the 
way to all seienees, not a virtue yet the 
dispenser and herald of virtues, serving 
naturally for tue illustration of the mind, 
aud the delight of the eyes. God delivered 
it first to men, wise persons have expressed 
it, many have endeavored after it but few 
attained it, as being both a singular gift 

of Divine Providence, and a rare orna- 
ment of human intelligence. For by this 
have the sacred scriptures been preserved 
from generation to generation; by this, are 
the memorable acts and achievements of 
famous men recorded; and this by securing 
their names from the greedy and devouring 
jaws of time gives them a second life in 
spite of death. This also as the interpre- 
ter of the muses manifests the learning of 
the times, As the companions of the 
tongues, it produces the history of nations 
As an exquisite help to memory, it won- 
derfully perfects the poweiB of wit. As a 
prime secretary it registers things famous 
and discovers those which are obscure. 
It is highly necessary and behoveful to the 
learned and unlearned. The furtherance 
of commerce, the strength of societies, the 
soul entercourse of friends absent, the 
progress of fame and the splendor of jus- 
tice stand all indebted hereunto. It is the 
tie of a civil life and the bond of the weal 
publique. The beginning hereof was small 
and rude, which latter days haviDg in- 
creased and illustrated, is now, at length 
arrived at some perfection, and much ad- 
mired by the preseut age, being made 
happy by time's revolutions aud still ren- 
dered more absolutely so by new discover- 
ies; among which, how far I may put in for a 
due claim I leave to the fair censure of the 
judicious who had rather procure good to 
others, than applause to myself; and to 
testify the reality hereof, I have published 
these examples and the following directions, 
for the help and assistance of such as shall 
endeavor to acquire a facility in this com- 
mendable art." So wrote Peter Cocker in 
his preface to " Arts Glory," then follows a 
verj elaborate article on quill pen making, 
closing as follows. '* Now, presupposing 
tliat you lire appointed with a good pen, it 
follows that you know how to hold and 
mauage it like a penman. What's great 
Goliah's spear, the sevenfold shield, 
Seanderbeg's sword to one who cannot 
wield such weapons ? Or what means a 
well cut quill in the untaught hand of him 
that's void of skill ?" Then follows ample 
directions for pen holding, which did space 
permit, I should be glad to copy, after 
which he gives instructions upon the for- 
mation of letters. "First imitate an alpha- 
bet of small letters of the hand you intend 
to write. Practice such letters first as may 
help to the making one of another. This 
observation holds good so far as letters and 
their parts have a correspondency. * * * 
After the knowledge whereof, they make 
letters singly, first the minum or small (i), 
in the performance and complete carriage 
whereof when practice hath rendered them 
perfect, they essay the making of an exact 
oval which lies slanting according to 
the nature of the hand and those two 
(straight line and oval) being perfect- 
ly learned, the better half of the busi- 
ness is accomplished." Cocker some- 
how seems to have a pretty correct idea 
of the advantages of arrangement ac- 
cording to similarity of formation notwith- 
standing its comparatively modern (?) dis- 
covery. He makes a digression by way 
of caution to parents, iu which he dis- 

courses on the advantages of children be- 
coming good penmen. In his directions 
for (German) text capitals he says: "The 
chief stroke being drawu, a short stroke 
at the bottom thereof as the radius is ad- 
joined from which (as out of the socket on 
a helmet the plume of feathers rise.) a 
multitude of hair strokes turn off gradually 
within the master Hue, much resembling 
the manttinqs of u coat of arms, being 
adorned with many curious touches of the 
pen, of which hair strokes I, by au inven- 
tion of my own, can make five hundred-in 
less than a quarter of an hour, aud those 
to turn and wind about all the ways it's 
possible for imagination to lead them, being 
so tine, clear and perfect as to render them 
admirable to all lovers of art, and inimita- 
ble to all in general, which being of more 
curiosity than material use, discretion 
obliges me to conceal." 

' Secretary Hand " he 

I think these extnu-tt. siilhrieutly copious 
for the general reader, and I trust not too 
extended in a paper devoted to the inler- 
ests of peumen. With one further extract, 
as it touches a point upon which the pub- 
lic are not well informed, I snail close this 
article. I refer to the difficulty of having 
the best efforts of the pen reproduced by 
the graver. I have often heard works on 
penmanship spoken of as if the engraver 
was the real author. This is probably true 
of the works of inferior penmen, but not of 
the best. Cocker, who was a penman as 
well as engraver, bears this testimony 
(which is confirmed by Seddon in his work 
in 1794) : "This I can confidently affirm, 
though having not arrived to perfection in 
my sculpturial practice, I cannot yet pre- 
sent the wide world witn the thousandth 
part of that sweetuesB and delectable curi- 
ousness attending the Pen's more choice 
performances. For, contrary to vulgar 
opinion, I (to my discontent) know that the 
graver, at best, falls infinitely short of the 
Pen's eye-pleasing delicacies." 

Traveling 1 Penmen. 
As a large number of penmen engage in 
teaching classes from town to town, aud as 
some reap but a moderute success, it may 
be of service to some to point out certain 
causes of failure. When a stranger enters 
a town, he is carefully scrutinized, and 
takes rank in society and opinion much ns 
he chooses. If he takes board at the best 
hotel, or in some first-class family, it has its 

i little above a tra 

ow humble he is, 
re only sufficient t 

weight. If he dresses well, it indicates 
that he prospers in his business. If he 
advertises liberally, and especially if the 
locals iu the paper are favorable, he is at 
o^ce regarded with respect aud confidence. 
If a room in the school building is not 
granted, and he engages a room, borrows 
tables, chairs, aud black-board, it indicates 
enterprise, ability aud independence. If, 
theu, all effort at bombast is done away 
with, and applications for pupils are made 
through earnest common sense arguments, 
and prices are placed high enough to be 
respectable, then, if the town is large 
enough to yield success, it will likely be 

If, however, a penman enters a town, 
and engages board at a cheap boarding- 
house, it is especially noted by first-class 
people. If his clothes are poor, it indi- 
cates want of prosperity in former places. 
If his advertising is by a small circular, 
and the papers do not seem to take a spe- 
cial interest in him, all these indicate that 
he is a man with little or no money, and 
he takes rank with cheap Jack o' Lantern 
shows, which do everything, like him, in 
the cheapest possible manner. Let such 
a penman approach a first-class family for 
patronage, and he meets with no favor. 
His clothes, his cheap circulars, his cheap 
residence, all lend an impression that he 
p, who gains a preca- 
his cheap prices show 
.nd that his demands 
keep him alive. Let 
the bombast, make 
great promises of a perfect handwriting in 
a few weeks, and sensible people will 
avoid him. Many penmen often makes 
mistakes by visiting too small towns, where 
the communities think that if ho were a 
first-class man, he would visit larger 
places ; so that many who would patronize 
a man in a large place, are shy of him if 
he offers to teach in a small one. We 
would advise, theu, all who would win 
success, to do everything in a first-class 
mnuuer, and respect aud success will fol- 
low. Iu advertising, equal that of first- 
class entertainments, us anything less 
would appear conspicuously cheap. Min- 
gle with the best people. Promise nothing 
but the most earnest effort on your part. 
Approach every person with the same con- 
fidence and assurance that you would if 
you were about to present tliem with a 
hundred dollars. Avoid timidity, also 
brassiuess, but maintain un earnest, polite 
demeanor, and see that all arguments aud 
actions are governed by the soundest com- 
mon sense. A. H. Hinman. 

A New Pen. 
We have had manufactured especially for 
our use a pen called "Ames' Penman's 
Favorite, No. 1," which wo think is pecu- 
liarly adapted to the use of penmen for 
business writing, flourishing and for school 
purposes. One dozen sent as a sample by 
mail on receipt of ten cents, box contain- 
ing i gross for 30 cents, one gross box, 
SI. For other articles desired by penmen 
see list of penmen's supplies in another 

The Old Editor. 

A n-jwi-r 4ini'J » holt of «wdt; 

. topii «i in* <Uy. 

V,. t,l.. III! -I,.:,.-, ..:.! fl-. h't.l 


lit tf.-ir. thr laHc.l . 

i . i phrum iifthtiy Blip; 

Hr'» «-) nuiiicibtOH J ]e*a*nt now. 

\V),.l I t 

HOT Lit right Olvl ti< tbOM, 

I bOO0b l<r tired* no vizards blade 

A Plea for Sensible Education. 

A-* h rale uo other p< ople oa earth have 
bo much regard for the education of the 
young as the American ; this is shown by 
the enormous tux which they cheerfully 
■ubmil to, aggregating annually for public 
and private educational instruction the sum of two hundred million 
dollars. These figures arc from carefully 
prepared statistics for the; year 1876; added 
to Llnels the immense endowment fund 
which is contributed for the must port by 

private citizens for educational purposes. 

We believe that it is sufo to presume that 
no other nation pays so much for educa- 
tion as the United States. 

If, thru, money is na u has been said to 
he, the sinews of education, certainly the 

risioggenen D of America ought to be 

Liberally and well educated. 

But one of the first questions raised, and 
upon which La a great diversity of opinion, 
is, what should constitute the course of 
study for BUch an education. 

We behove that it should consist of 
thoio branches which are of most direct 
and praotical utility ia the ordinary pur 
suits of life; but perhaps the most un- 
favorable feature of American education is 
want of thoroughness in those studies 

which uro pursued. By far too many of our 
graduates of semiuaries and colleges are 

contented with a mere SUiattl ril | ol dil 
fereut studies with but very little practical 
knowledge of any. For & student tit 
hoIiooI to say that he is studying only one 
or two branches seems to ambitious parents 

a fwolish waste of time, but bo be able to 

state that he is pursuing at least half a dozen 

Bounds so much m«ue important—and 
rij hi here lei me say. cornea in one of the 

greatest hindrances to what 1 regard us line 

educational progress. As the general who 
scatters lus men over u great space is 
Liable to be attaoked and beaten in detail 
by a much iuferior force properlj oonoan- 
bated, is understood by all military men, 
so, too, it would seem that our educational 
generals should know that the time of 

students flittered ftway OD too many 
studies gives but the m.-lest trifle of genu- 

""' knowledge ol any one paxtienlai 
branch. The state superintendent of pub- 
tio schools of Illinois, one of the moat inde- 
fatigable workers in the educational field 

attributes lunch Of the failure in the 
Common schools of the State to what is 

known us the cramming process. Another 

v,-.y serious to proper ad- 
vancement ia the interference of foolish, 
Whimsical parents. " Can my son study al' 


gebra in yonr school," eaid a fond mother, wn job cannot be exactly defined, but 
who believed that Btndy to be the quia- w hich nee ds no definition ; everybody 

■ a good education, to me, not , understands what the phrase implies. It 
long since, "yes,- I replied, "if he is a ,} mt balance of mind, that natural and 
properly advanced in arithmetic." She normal adjustment of the physical, intel- 

ire be was, but I found upon ' lectnal, and moral powers, that quickens 
examination, that he did not kuow the I perception of the fitness of things; that 
multiplication table, and of course sug- leu( ] v , im i neftrtj recognition of existing 
gested thai bis time could be fur better facts, conditions, and relations which ena- 

n ployed 

arithmetic, but, much to my 
surprise, she indignantly declared she 
would take him to a school where he could 
commence on algebra at once, to which I 
glidly ted, and afterwards learned 
that she had been the rounds of the 
schools ol the city with the same results, 
and intended t » take her dear Johnnie to 
Chicago where she hoped her sou would 
be duly appreciated. Tuia lady was of a 
rich family, but I suspect her education 
was of the Flora MuFlimsey Btyle, ol 
which conceit, instead of common sense, 
is oue of the Cardinal elements. 

Just here a good point suggests itself, 
which we propose to make as our own con- 
tribution to what we regard as a benefi- 
cent ugitation. "We have always been told 
that the most eflective and expeditious 
way of learning all about our mother 
tongue was to lea.u all about another 
s mother tongue. If you would learu 
to speak and write living English you 
must leuru to speak and write dead 
Greek. The deader the language you 
learn the more you will learu of the livest 
language now known. If you would ac- 
quire the useful art of writing a correct 
business letter or an eloquent love letter, 
put yourself through the Greek Alpha, 
Beta, Gamma, und the Hujus, Hujus, 
Hnjus of the Latin text-book. If your sou 
wishes to write au effective essay for the 
Social Science Congress, or a good sermon 
or to make a successful stump speech, let 
him spend about eigbt-uiulhs of the four 
best years of his life iu trying to master 
the orthography of the Choctaw and the 
syntax of the Sanscrit. This is the way to 
make English scholars, and yet we have 
colleges devoted to this way of making 
Eughsh scholars for the past two hundred 
years. Literary unproductiveness says 
oue newspaper, lack of literary taste an- 
other calls it, an outrageous neglect of the 
English language everybody calls U, 

T-aeh your boys that which they will 
practice when they become men was the 
laconic advice of it wise old Spartan king, 
which advice I am sorry to say is not re- 
ceiving the attention it deserves, but the 
very contrary is fur too often the case. 
Teach your boya what they will surely for- 
get before they have been out of school two 
years may not seem very sensible advice, 
but, alas, how often is it the sad truth. Let 
me entreat every young man with all your 
getting get u good, sound, practical Eng- 
lish educutiou. Some persons believe that 
to be nble to make a Latin or Greek quota- 
tion is so very necessary that a mostshock- 
iug neglect of their own mother English is 
sometimes the result, We have been fre- 
quently amused to hear public speakers 
quote the dead languages to slum off their 
learning and at the same time use the most 
execrable Jim Crow Eughsh grammar 
imaginable. Our great orators and most 
popular speakers have ever been remem- 
bered for their simplicity of manners und 
language. Will ever an American cease to 
remember with love and veneration the 
author of these never dying words, " With 
malice toward none, with chanty for 
ail/' What old toldier Q f the army of the 
Potomac does not remember the words of 
>McCleIIau ns he took command ? ■ ' Stand 
by me and I will stand by you." Many an 
old veteran rallied at these words in those 
terrible seveu days before Richmond, in 
the peninsular campaign, or upon the 
hard won field of Antietam. The very 
simplicity enabled every soldier to readily 
and quickly understand them. 

Common sense wdl, or should, charac- 
terize those that are to give us sensible edu- 
cation. This is an element of character 

bles us to predict with almost uuerriug 
certainty about what the man who is thus 
endowed, will do in a given emergency or 
under certain definite circumstances. 

It is that attribute which inspires con- 
fidence that the man in uo case will act 
the fool, that he will always keep within 
the safe orbit of reason and discretion, and 
not fly off into some tangled absurdity. 
Men of this sort are those who give tone 
and steadiness to society ; whom we gladly 
trost with important public interests ; to 
whom we instinctively look iu times < > t 
trouble and danger. They are safe, solid 
men in politics and business, iu church 
and state, iu science, art and letters. They 
are the men whose observations are 
noteworthy, whose opinions are valuable, 
whose counsels are sought after, whose in- 
fluence iu human affairs is salutary aud 
justly potential. But for them tho fabric 
of society would be liable to perpetual 
jars and upheavals. To be able to say of 
any one he has good common sense is high 
and substantial praise. True, it leaves 
much unsaid ; it does not imply learning 
or talent, or genius, or intellectual power, 
or even moral excellence ; but it does im- 
ply the possession of that without which 
the most splendid endowments of intel- 
lect and heart may but herald catastrophe 
and failure. The wild folly that thinks 
anybody can teach school must be elimin- 
ated from the thought and practice of 
the American people. There must be more 
scholarship, more learning, more disci- 
pline, more culture, more breadth and 
life and power in the body of our teachers 
It is a maxim of one of the most distin 
guished and successful living teachers 
" // is better to know everything about some 
thing than to know something about every 

The old fashioned theory of hard woik 
to secure certain ends seems to have nevei 
been dreamed of iu the philosophy of far 
too many who are planning superficial 
courses of study for the people. How 
many sad failures iu every department of 
human industry, because this one indis- 
pensable element of true success was lack- 
ing. How many have found that there is 
no royal road to learning when it was too 
lute, aud went wandering into sloughs of 
despondency, and by trying to avoid la- 
bor often became ensnared in far greater 
perplexities than a straight forward, undevi- 
ating course could possibly make them 
under any circumstances whatever. While 
the life of a sluggard is the most wretched, 
so, to us, are the makeshifts of many who 
would avoid work of every kind, aud who 
regard labor as a badge of disgrace. E7ery 
such person should be most thoroughly 
despised, and every honest laborer as thor 
onghly houored ; and only by adopling 
a thorough, sensible course of education 
can such a desirable end beseemed. Then 
shall the era of shams aud cheats and clap- 
trap in education cease, and an era of true 
progress in all that is good, noble, and ele- 
vatiug dawn upon this people. 

Dare to be Independent. 
No advancement in penmanship was ever 
ade that was not based upon some one's 
igiuality, and yet what a horde of pen- 
eu follow in a beaten track laid out by 
Here and there we see, 
rising above their fellows, 
such geuiuses as Spencer, Dunton, Wil- 
liams, Ellsworth, Ames, and others. Un- 
like penmeu in general, they have dared to 
think for themselves. They were tails to 
nobody's kite, but men who believed it 
each and every mini's duty to use his own 
judgment as to what, in penmanship, was 

most practical or in best taste. As a result, 
each has uided iu improving the ait aud 
gaiued strength, as men, by independent 
thought. Supposing Speucer had thought 
it his sucred duty to be loyal to Carstairs, 
would we uow have the beautiful Speocer- 
lau ? Supposing the authors of Speuceriau 
and P. D. aud S. had not, duriug the past 
tweuty-tive years, made it their constant 
study to embody in every new edition all the 
new thiugs they could invent, also the best 
points to be found iu each other's books, 
would we have our present beautiful copy 
books ? Supposing Ellsworth had thought 
it sinful to thiuk for himself, instead of fol- 
lowing after Spenceriau or P. D. aud S., 
would we have tue training method which 
he invented and they hooted aud then al- 
tered aud copied into their original sys- 
tems ? Supposing Williams had copied the 
models of Kuapp and Rightmyer, and not 
differed from them, would we bavo his pre- 
sent beautitul Gems of Penmanship ? And 
had Ames thought it uuholy to aspire to 
work different from Williams, would we 
now have his marvelous Compendium ? 
These constant evidences of independent 
thought are worthy of the attention of as- 
piring penmen, but how few there are who 
dare think for themselves. No man can 
rise to eminence in penmanship, who tries 
to imitate any one system in style and 
method of teachiug, and be governed by 
others' ideas rather than his own. Every 
penman who does the most for himself and 
his art must cut loose from the bondage of 
others' notions and do as all others have 
done, take the best from other systems, 
improve upon everything possible and pre- 
sent to the world, something full of the 
evidence of originality. No penman of to- 
day can closely imitate the present copy- 
book Rtyles and write a letter which busi- 
ness men will call a business hand. Here, 
then, is a field for originality. Our coun- 
try needs a style of penmanship which em- 
braces legibility and rapidity in the highest 
degree. A reform in wr.tiug is needed, a 
system of practical writing is wanted. Who 
can and will dare cut loose from prejudices 
which tie him to any system ? Who will 
study the wants of the commuuity and 
supply a style that, when formed in school, 
will not break up and desert one when 
rapid business writing is required ? 

A. H. Hinhan. 

A Business College Convention. 

Wyoming Commercial College, I 
Kingston, Pa., February 16, 1878. , 
Prof. Ames; 

Dear Sib— In your December number 
of The Penman's Art Journal, I noticed a 
short article, written by Prof. Packard, of 
New York, and a note of approval by 
yourself, suggesting the propriety and 
feasibility of a convention of teachers of 
penmanship and of book-keeping. It is 
the thing for which "my soul longeth." 
It has been a source of great surprise to 
me that in a country of educational pro- 
gress aud privilege, where the convention 
and association have brought together in 
eye-to-eye and heart-to-heart contact so 
many of the great, good, and earnest of 
other departments of education and indus- 
try, that a branch of education so distinct, 
performing a mission so eminently grand, 
useful, and practical to the young men of 
this nation, should not long ago have 
taken advantage of this means of promot- 
ing its own special interests. I have waited 
long for the veterans to speak definitely 
ing this matter, but no longer can I 
rith loogiiig looks their promised guide." 
professor of penmanship and the 
professor of book-keeping, specifically as 
such, are yoked together in bonds of in- 
terest inseparable, and since the establish- 

tof commercial colleges their union 

been even more perfect than before. 

irielation is one largely of inter-de- 
pendence ; at least, the commercial college 
cannot thrive without the penman. A call 
for a convention of commercial colleges 
must include the penmen of the country. 


Now, I protest against a longer delay of 
the consideration of a very early conven- 
tion of the business college teachers of the 
country. I protest against a longer lack 
of fraternization, that has characterized 
too much their relations with each other, 
since the date of their inception. I pro. 
test against their attempts to stand uloof 
from each other, like leafless, branohleu 
tree-trunks, bleak and drear, solitary and 
desolate, having no sort of mutual support 
and protection. I solemnly protest that 
this spirit of selfishness is unworthy of the 
high purposes we have at heart to help on 
iu the education of the young men of the 
present ; that it is unworthy of a part 
in the great cause of education ; that it is 
an element that will work seriously to our 
detriment, unless removed. True, we do 
uot look far into the past to tiud the birth 
of the commercial college. Each college 
has, of necessity, fought its own good tight 
for existence, and generally the battle has 
been a strong and brave one, but we are 
rapidly approaching fair Italy "beyond 
the Alps." The last barrier which evtry 
noble and useful invention tnust, iu des- 
tiny, pass, will soon be surmounted. The 
persecutors of our Galileo are disappear- 
ing as the mists before the morning sun. 
Commercial colleges have become a sub- 
stantial aud iuvaluable factor in the edu- 
cational institutions of the laud. But now 
that the citadel is gained, let us unite for 
grander conquests. Iu the language of 
Edmund Burke, "Let us pass on — in 


let i 

and : 

promoting our advancement, what cau we 
now do that shall bear more directly aud 
effectively upon our purpose than u gen- 
eral couveution of business cullege teach- 
ers, in which there shall be a free inter- 
change of thought and a general discussion 
of the matter aud methods of business in- 
struction ? The first impulse of an edu- 
cator, if he has light in him, is to let it 
shiue. Better attempt to padlock an 
earthquake than to attempt to imprison 
his soul when fired with the light of new 
truths. Bring together iu convention the 
fire, ability aud enterprise of the business 
colleges of the whole country, and I imag- 
ine the assemblage would be anything but 

A programme should be carefully pre- 
pared aud provided lor beforehand. 

The business college is the connecting 
link (a golden one) between the public 
school, seminary and college, and the 
business commuuity. It might, therefore, 




more eminent business men to lecture, and 
iuvite others of the business community to 
participate in the discussions. Teachers 
of other branches of education should, I 
think, be liberally invited. Addresses 
from eminent advocates of practical edu- 
cation, like the late Horace Greeley, (ever 
green be his grave !) would be an excellent 
feature iu such a convention. Subjects 
of discussion should be given out befor 
the meeting of the couvention, to give 
ample time for preparation. The Isiaelites 
couldn't make bricks for the Egypt] 
without the material. We can't shed light 
upon a subject without first obtaining it 
ourselves. Let the place of meeting b« 
anywhere— New York, Philadelphia, Pitts- 
burg, or Buffalo. Let the president be 
any one— Prof. Ames, Puckard, Folsom, 
Bryant, or any other veteran. Let any 
one carry off the houors^of the occasion- 
only let us have the conveutiou. Who 
will offer to take hold of this enterprise 
with a strong hand ? Who will name the 
place ? Who will offer the room for tUe 
use of the convection ? Who will share 
in the expense for sending out circulars, 
&c, to set this ball in motiou ? Put us 
dowu for a liberal share. Who will put 
his shoulder to this wheel ? The call, I 
think, should come from New York city, 
aud let it be definite ; aud let it be uuder- 
stood that any commercial college princi- 
pal, or president, or professor of penman- 
ship, who shall refuse to fraternize in this 

heathen man and a publican," for he lacks 
the first noble impulse of a teacher. In 
the name of the spirit of Educational Pro- 
gress of this great country, we ask for a 
National Business College Convention. 
Very truly yours, 

L. L. Spkaque. 

We heartily approve of Prof. Sprague's 
suggestions, as we did those of Prof. 
Packard in a former issue. We know of 
no good reason why teachers and authors 
of writing aud book-keeping should uot, 
once a year, meet in conveutiou, to com- 
pare notes, and become better acquainted 
with each other, when we hear of national 
base ball, rowing, sportsmen's, firemeu's, 
brewer's, &c, conventions. The ques- 
tion urges itself forcibly upon our mind, 
is there uot quite as much importance at- 
tached to the professions of penmanship 
and book-keeping, quite as important re- 
sults to be anticipated, as the outgrowth 
of such a conveutioTi, as from a meeting 
of base-ball players ? It is hardly 
creditable to the profession that iu all the 
years past they have never tiad a single 
grand national gathering. Penmen are 
sometimes said to be jealous and narrow- 
minded, given to boasting, and uggrandiz- 

partnient of ornamental art. Those especi- 
ally who desire to master the art of engross- 
ing cannot fail to find a myriad of designs, 
while in the field of lettering aud flourish- 
ing, there may be found a great number 
and variety of designs, all of which being 
direct from the peu are admirably adapted 
as copies for practice. 

The work is most beautifully bound, and 
the engravings are upon the fiuest of plate 
paper. Upon opening the book a title 
page of most marvelous beauty meets the 
eye.and assures one that, if the following 
pages can half compare with it, the work 
must be truly grnnd. Page 2 contains the 
preface, which is one sheet of the most per- 
fect of body writing, and is itself worthy 
of imitation by all who are not perfect writ- 
ers. Page 3 presents a sheet of copies 
composed of two sets admirably adapted to 
the wants of teachers, who gives courses of 
20 lessons. Page 4 presents sets of stand- 
ard capitals ; also ladies' hand aud off-hand 
capitals, besides positions for baud, and 
pen-bird designs Jte, Page 5 presents a beau- 
tiful sheet of movements and exercises in 
flourishing. Page 6 is a medley of flour- 
ishing by Preston, Blaekinau, Dean and 
Montgomery. Page 7 presents two sets of 
upper and lower case Roruan alphabets by 
Xhomas W. Milieu. Page 8 presents the 

and albums by Ames. Page 25 gives us 
three beautiful designs of flourishing and 
lettering by Aoie?. Page 26 presents John 
D. Williams' matchless and uiaivelous mas- 
ter-piece, being the grandest piece of 
flourishing ever published. Page 27 is 
a beautiful scln.ol certificate, of lettering 
in a scroll surrounded by flourishing very 
elaborate aud artistic. P ige 28 is a page 
offourpages, Christmas presents, &c. Page 
29 is a page of specimeus for headings, cap- 
tions, titles, &o,, and is beautiful beyond 
description. Following are eight pages of 
most elaborately engrossed resolutions, 
each page of which is n perfect mass of 
designs in lettering and scroll work sur- 
rounded by most beautiful borders. Page 

38 contains two very artistic designs by Jos. 

Foeller, jr. aud W. Garthwaite. Page 39 is 
an original aud beautifully executed page, 
by Robert Wood, who Is truly an expert*. 
Page 40 is a matchless set of engrossed 
resolutions, by Ames. Page 41 is an 
elaborately executed piece of pen-drawing, 
lettering and flourishing;, by one of the 
oldest and best of the old school penman 
now living, M. Heroldof Cincinnati. Page 

This page consists of Ames' Family Re- 
cord, and is (.rand beyond description ; 

frckne Second c/mbrejJi07i,n*itfcAdJitioru offomej and^Dt rections 

iug themselves, and belittling their com" 
petitors. This often comes from want of 
acquaintance, and any actual personal 
knowledge of each other's skill and attain- 
ments, by assembling together a'ld be- 
coming personally acquainted, measuring 
their own with the skill and accomplish- 
ments of others. This spirit of hostility 
and conceit, which comes from ignorance 
concerning our rivals, will be largely di- 
minished, v, hile all will gain knowledge, 
strength and dignity, and, we trust, 
modesty, from such associations. We 
hope to hear many suggestions upon this 
subject, aud to see it very soon take tangi- 
ble and practical shape. The columns of 
the Joobnal are open to those who wish 
to have their say. 

A Feast for Penmen. 
It has been my pleasure since the foun- 
dation of the Art Journal to air my views 
upon topics of interest to the profession, 
but in no previous article have I felt great- 
er pleasure then I do now in urging upon 
the notice of penmen the merits of the 
Ames' Compendium. The following is writ- 
teu without Mr. Ames' advice or knowl- 
edge, and is designed to illustrate to the 
profession the feast of pen art now withiu 
reach. Iu the Department of Ornamental 
Penmanship, Mr. Ames has given us a 
most varied and almost endless collection 
of designs, adapted to the practical de- 

I Egyptian scroll and spurred alphabets. 
Page 9 the old English, German text, aud 
church text alphabets, with large and 
small. Also pages 10, 11 and 12 contain 
each three sets of very beautiful alphabets, 
| suitable for peumen's use. Page 12 also pre- 
sents eighteen most artistic and elaborate 
mouograms, which also furnish a most 
beautiful and varied set of initial letters. 
Pages 13 and 14 present beautiful alpha- 
bets. On page 15 may be found the most 
perfect and beautiful sets of rustic alpha- 
bets ever executed: one by Prof. Ames, and 
the other by his hist assistant, Mr. Charles 
Rollinson. Without doubt or possibility 
of question, page 16 contains the most elab- 
, orate and artistic set of initial letters ever 
i executed. Each letter is a marvel of beau- 
ty aud gem of the highest art iu both eon- 
I ception and execution. Pages 17, 18 and 
i 19, contain alphabets of wondrous beauty, 
which must be seen to be appreciated, as 
words must fail to do them justice, Page 
20 contains three designs of flourishing, 
two by the writer of this, and a beautiful 
lenter-piece by Isaac C. Mulkins. Page 21 
contains two master-pieces, one by Smith 
of Rochester, aud the other by Kendall of 
Boston. Page 22 is a medley of flourish- 
ing by Hinmau, Dean, Crawford and Rath- 
bun. Preston and Cagle occupy p;.-.- ■!:', 
with elaborate and artistic flourishing and 
lettering. Page 24 contains eight pieces of 
flourishing aud scroll designs for cads 

it is truly a penman's paradise where the 
eye may roam and constantly discover new 
beauties. Page 43 is a page of borders 
by Edward Adams. Page 44 is AmeY 
beautiful mania ge certificate. Pflge 45 
is a grandly artistic tribute to the 
memory of one of God's noblemen, 
the lamented Piatt R. Spencer. The de- 
sign contains a pen portrait of Mr. Spen- 
cer, and is in every way a work of great 
credit to its author, R. B. Montgomery of 
New Orleans. One of the most elaborate 
pieces of pen work ever published in this 
or nny.otker country, is Ames' Lord's pray- 
er. As a specimen of designing, and pen- 
drawing it is a marvel, and required several 
months to execute it. This design, in all its 
beauty, is seen on page 46. Page 47 is 
another piece of engrossing, and like all the 
others, purely original in its design, and 
different iu every part. Page 48 is a speci- 
men of a largo piece of off-hand flourishing 
and lettering by the writer of this. We 
are too modest to speak of its merits,, and 
can only say that it must be seen to be 
appreciated. A. H. Hinman. 

Ancient Style ot Penmanship. 

'Luc illustration upon this page is a fac- 
simile copy of the title page of a work pub- 
lished in England by Peter Cocker, in 1659. 
For more full information concerning that 
work and its author, see communication 
from Prof. G. H. Shattuek in another col- 


Lint UAL 1M" 

,1 jitniiil tlmi 

able to do, 

we tbanfrre offn 

fttloo ub eorropoudo 

iti and agents, 

To crory subscr 

su>. nntn rtutber 

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► eudlnK their own 


Bir, nnd forwnrd by 


>■ of either of tbe roiiowinR pnbU 

Of fiPBIIlftllxtllpifK 

published, vis. : 


ureof Progr«i«...20 

98 in Inaln 


Ttie Family Etooord 

Oil OardB, ftdlfftn 

at desigua. 

ftr throe namaa 

nod {3 wc will for 

ward tb» largo 

■In 98x40 loobw, r 

tail* for |3. 

■ for M.fiO. 

1 aim nibaorlbora ud *I2. wo w 

of Amos' Compruil 

«m of ornamental 

a bound In rjlll n 

1 bo sent for 

alghtoon rabaarlbsr 

tad 113, tra nil) r 

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aablp, reta.Ua 


qb 'i [sad for Thf. n.NMAN'H 

.1 ii.'n-i.HiT be ad 

offlotol publlcattoi 

ao.'i Broadway, Noi 




Volume First of the Journal. 


doses VoL I. Iu Maroh last A. H. 
mad from Pottsvflle, Pa., the 
first number of TBBp£MUAH*a Am Jodbhal, 
which, although without illustrations,- arid 
only one lmir its present use, was a sheet 
of rare Interest, and at once commanded 
the attention of and received eumerouB 
subscriptions from the principal penmen 
of (he country. At the time we received 
tins paper from Prof, Hinman we were 
preparing to issue a prospeotus for the 

Ami ki. an PENMAN, which we Wl ffl n, 

tending to bring out a i. m monthslater. 

Not deeming the probable demand auf. 
flcicntto warrant the suooees of two rival 
peumau'a papers, and being especially un- 
willing to begin on opposition publication, 
we at once opened negotiation with Prof. 
Hinman for the purchase ol his paper, 
which was consummated the latter part of 
April; at which time number two was 
mostly iu type, aud waa iccord 
bom Pottsvffle ; in it was aunounoi d the 
proprietorship, its enlargement, 
and illustration, 

V7i at once enb a. d i imestly into the 
work, fully determined, if possible, to 
present our brother penmen, .1 periodical 
which should command their esteem and 
patronage, to aceoui] lish which we b ive 
spared ueither pains nor expi ds< Oou 
eidering the general financial 
which luu prevailed throoghout 1 

eg the past year the success of the 

is been quite extraordinary, 

iraging aud flatUr 

dntions which it has received 

from the best penmen of the country is 

e . idei ■■• thai snob n publication is desired 

1 ) 1 dated by the profession, 

the outlet we had grave apprehen- 

egardmg the success of our under- 

-'. v. tiiI penman's papers had 

been started find, failed for the want of the 

necessary support. We were CO 

possessing advantages in location, experi- 

', and an extended acquaintance among 

the profession not enjoyed by any of our 

. , which led qb to hope that 

we inijht accordingly lie more successful 

1 ivi.r and rappoi r by present- 
ing a more attractive and interesting 

our predecessors have lu-en 

That we have bu< eded in 

large aud rapidly increasing 
list bears such ample proof 

an to leave no ground for further doubt 

regarding the continuance and complete 

success of the Journal. 
It enters upon its 


With the most encouraging and propitious 


The year past has given us valuable ex- 
perience Many who through doubt of 
our ability to publish, or the willingness of 
penmen to sustain a penman's paper, with- 
held at first their support, are now con- 
vinced of its success, aud are amoug tin- 
most earnest and vigorous workers for the 
Journal. Its editorial staff W/7 be greatly 
ftrengthened by the association of Prof. 
B. F. Kelley, who is not only an accom- 
plished teacher and penman, but an in- 
teresting and vigorous writer, while we 
have assurances of contributions from the 
pens of such well known authors aud pen- 
men a* S. S. Packard, E. G. Folsom, 
Hon. Ira D. Mayhew, Robert C. Speucer, 
H. C. Spencer, J. Oagle, A. H. Hinman, 
H, Russell, H. C. Wright, D. L. Mussel- 
man, G. A. Gaskill, C. C. Curtiss, G. H. 
Sbattuck, C. E. Cud.v, and many others, 
1 is the most ample guarantee that 
ilumnsofthe Journal for the year 
me will sparkle alike from the rare 

of thought and pen art. 
i value to the profession of such a me- 
for communication cannot be over- 
estimated. It will not only add to the 
general information and power of each 
individual to command succesa, but 
will help to dignify aud ennoble the 
entire profession of penmanship. If pen- 
men will properly appreciate thia and 
reciprocate fully our efforts to furnish 
them an interesting and attractive peri- 
odical, by giving it their earnest and 
vigorous support, they can rest assured 
that the Journal will continue to put iu 
Its regular monthly appearances with robes 
Of beauty and a degree of excellence never 
less than the measure of their own liber- 

Rare and Special Premiums. 
As an inducement to the large number 
of subscribers whose term of subscription 
expires with the present number of the, 
• renew, and to compensate them 
for making an effort to induce others to 
11b ribe, we offer the following special 

premiums : 

For earl, old subscriber vv lio will remit 

Si. 25 we will renew his subscription for 

one year and mail a copy of the Centennial 

Pictured Progress, 23x30 inches with key, 
fretails for SI), for each renewal, and one 
additional subscriber remitting S2 we will 
moil tin name premium free. 

For one renewal and two additional 
subscribers, with S3, we will mail the Gen- 

unial Pioturo28x4Q inches (retails for 82), 

The specimen from John D. Williams 

.11 also be mailed tree to each new BU b« 
riber. For information concerning our 

I" Dttium list, see 1st col., 4th page. 

1 able persona who have not seen 

the premiums mentioned above, to judge 

somewhat regarding their interest 
value, we give below a brief descript 
with a few of the multitude of flattering 
notice 1 * received from the press aud 

The original Picture of Pro.ress. which 
is now in the office of the Art Jocrna 
36x52 inches, aod was executed entirely 
with a pen, requiring about one year of 
Olo 1 laboi Although ius design and 
1 n tn. ti wire prompted by the desir 
exhibit at the Centennial, its design 
churacter are equally appropriate to any 

It is .urmonnted by the Unite I States 
coat of arms, and as a title, iu large, beau- 
tiful, bold letters, the word Centennial, 
having for a groundwork the main Ceu- 
tennial building in perspective. Directly 
under this are two pictorial scenes repre- 
senting the discovery of America by Col- 
umbus, in 1-492, and the landing of the 
Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock in 1620. Uuder 
these are two huge landscape pictures, one 
1776, presents the country as it was then, 
a vast interminable wilderness, with small 
settlements here and there, representing 
the pioneer colonist, clearing away the 
forests, bniidiug log houses, fighting the 
savages, &c. The other, 1876, represents 
the same landscape changed by the lapse of 
one hundred years, from a wilderness to a 
populous empire, with numerous large 
cities aud towns, vast commerce, internal 
improvements, agriculture, public institu- 
tions, manufactures, Ac, &c. Surmount- 
ing these landscapes is a scroll in which 
ure inscribed the almost prophetic words 
uttered by Bishop Berkeley in 1728, 
"Westward the course of empire takes its 
way. " 

At the left of these laudscapes is a 
portrait of Washington, around which in a 
large oval is written the Declaration of 
Independence, which is inclosed in a 
bundle of fasces with a scroll entwining 
thirteen times around them, upon which 
are inscribed the names of the original 
thirteen States of the Union. Opposite, 
to the right, is the same design, having the 
portrait of Lincoln, the Emancipation 
Proclamation, while the scroll entwines 
thirty-eight times around the fasces, having 
inscribed the names of the present thirty- 
eight States of the Union. 

Around all these, in a beautiful floral and 
rustic border, are openings in which 
twenty-two pictures, representing leading 
historical events, and illustrating by 
trasts the great changes and improvements 
that have taken place 
during the past hundred 

The entire work has the appearance of a 
fine steel eugraviug, and constitutes one 
of the most interesting and attractive 
historical pictures ever published in this 

The following are a few of the many 
comments from the press and eminent 

tng ui a panorama which 

ur country and IU trujvlurmao.u from 
into a densely- populated and prosperous 
nttajr Gazette, Washington, It, C„ April 

j.— Xtie fork -Sunifajp 

wij.— Mi Writing 

production. -..V. J". W«kty. 

. pleasure in It, OMmlmUon.- 

> *j*,iker 0/ Howe of lieprttfnta- 

u*t lui| ■j.jly grouped the scents 

ri "I" 1 ' ■•'• I!"' I inn i]k>* 

dm ; tin.- picture win be. a most 

II ul.—Jiev. Edward EggttstoH. 

-llr.ll. Wl,,ultu,i Ft')., El- 

, Washington, V. C. 

', Washutg- 

*••/>'<>»<<•[ X>if- Ex-Sptak» ■■/ Aastmblyof'stauZ'f 


Kbibltlon of sh 


i.—Droakljfti Daily Uni 

hundred year*, lull of mtereVt T ,!,..» ,t down 


ence.-J/nj.. Och. Alexander Shntcr, -\. 1'. if. if, *" 

Can Pupils Learn to Write Well by Rapid 
Practice ? 
It is often remarked, in the spirit of 
censure, that the pubbo schools do not 
turn out rapid aud practical business 
writers. Why not expect them to, and 
them for not turning out expe- 
practical merchants, engi- 
neers, artists, mechanics, &c. It might be 
expected with equal propriety, The fact 
is, that rapid business, or professional 
writing, like any other pursuit, or accom- 
plishment, must be acquired by a special 
training, attended with lung and habitual 
practice, not Cousisteut with the necessaii- 
ly short time allotted to its practice dur- 
ing a public school course. 

The public school cau only furnish the 
rudiments, lay the foundation for qualifi- 
cation, in all pursuits alike. Should the 
pupil, while learning addition, subtraction 
multiplication and division, be constantly- 
urged to perform his operations with the 
»Pi6Uty of a lightning calculator or expert 
accountant ? The folly of doing So i s ve ry 
apparent, but no more so than would be a 
similar effort to urge popjJa, while learning 
to write, into the speed attained by rapid 
business writers. As well might the infant, 
with uncertain, tottering step, be urged to 
first run, aud then walk. 

The requisite skill to make well-formed 
letters, and properly combine them into 
hues and pages of correct, legible writing 
can be acquired only by slow, deliberate! 
and extended practice. When the power 


to write correctly, though it be slow and 
mechanical, has been acquired, the pupil 
has a sure basis for a good, practical busi- 
ness writing, and he can then safely com- 
mence to practice for speed, which he will 
usually acquire in proportion to the re- 
quirements of the position he may be 
called to occupy. It would be folly to ex- 
pect ii salesman to write with the rapidity 
or ease of nu entry clerk, or accountant, 
ui tin cashier of an insurance company to 
write as well as the policy clerk. Not only 
the rapidity, but the ultimate quality of 
writing, is largely the result of the special 
requirements of the business or position. 
A lawyer or his clerk may write as rapidly 
as a policy clerk, or accountant, but in the 
business of the former no special standard 
of excellence is required ; hence none is 
usually found, while with the latter a high 
degree of excellence being demanded, all 
practice tends in that direction, until we 
are astonished at the grace as well as the 
facility with which skillful writing is exe- 

Professor Packard's New Departure. 

We received the advance sheets of the 
NewBryaut& Stratum Universal Book- 
keeping too late tor an appreciative notice 
in our last number. We have since taken 
time to look carefully over its puges, and 
for the first time are led to appreciate the 
great work that has been undertaken. We 
Bay "undertaken" advisedly, for it 
"doth not yet appear" how fully and 
conclusively the author's promises and 
hopes will be realized. It is, at the 
least, a bold and hazardous venture 
to attempt to found a treatise on 
Book-keeping, which is a science, 
upon Political Economy, which in its 
present stage of development lacks the 
recognition of its teachings aud tech- 
nology which would seem to be neces- 
sary in order to constitute it a founda- 
tion for anything but endless discuss- 
ion. There can be no doubt as to 
many of the truths which writers on 
this subject— from Adam Smith to 
Packard — have announced ; but isola- 
ted truths are noc "systems," and 
whether they can be laid as corner 
stones to systems depends first upon 
their representative character, and 
next upon the skill of the architect. \ 
It is a hopeful sign for the utility of 
Mr. Packard's work that he seems . 
to understand the character aud limita- 
tions of his building material, and 
that he does not permit himself to be 
swerved from his design by the senti- 
mental beauties and strained possibilities 
of the subject which he seeks to utilize. 
Occasionally, to be sure, temptations of 
this sort seem to beset him, as when, at 
the very outset, he devotes seven pages 
to prove the necessity of a common mea- 
sure of value or wealth ; but even here 
he makes very interesting reading, and 
certainly leaves no excuse, even for the 
dullest of Ins stmlenls, fur ignorance upon 

tins point In the Beventy pages com. 

prising these "advance sheets" the foun- 
dations of the book are elaborately and 
circumstantially laid ; and it we did not 
know the author through the important 
Works which have for so long a time held 
supremacy as text books on this subject, 
ve might fear that he has thrown away 
some very valuable space. But Mr. Pack- 
ard's discernment and fidelity as an au- 
thor are too well known by the teachers 
of this country to leave any one in doubt 
as to technical it-suits. He does nothing 
blindly, and although the exact exercises 
aud forms through which he is to enforce 
the theories laid down are not given in this 
Installment, we are fully prepared to be- 
lieve that they will justify all that has 
gone before. 

We are glad to see, also, that in this 
new departure Mr, Packard has been for- 
tunate enough to attract the attention of 
thinking men, who are watching the re- 
sult with some show of interest. The 
Tribune, in a recent review of the advance 

sheets, says of the leading propositions : 
''This is certainly a sound theory, and its 
practical application to the training of in- 
cipient men of business was never more 
necessary thau now. * * Al- 

though political economy has always been 
more or less empirically treated, since it 
is partly made up of uncertain elements, 
it nevertheless depends mainly upon cer- 
tain mathematical laws which should be- 
come the financial creed of every man' of 
business. Professor Packard aims to teach 
these laws, making their operation clear 
by practical illustrations." 

The Grapftio, while expressing a doubt 
as to the feasibility of book-keeping in po- 
litical economy, says : " Now, pointing out 
the deficiencies in the doctrines of politi- 
cal ecouomy, it does not follow that Mr. 
Packard's book may not prove valuable. 
On the contrary, it will be more deserv- 
ing of consideration and careful attention 
from the fact that it is an attempt to 
apply these doctrines in a practical manner, 
and thus regarded may prove of great 
value. It is therefore entitled to serious 
consideration on the part of those who 
are interested in social and economic sub- 

And surely, teachers of book-keeping 
and promoters of practical education can- 
not be indifferent to the issues involved. 
If it be true that a knowledge of business 
and business record can best be obtained 

A New Departure in Copy Books. 

D. Appleton & Co., have recently pub- 
lished a series of copy books, in which the 
copy is upon a movable slip attached by a 
loop, to a string in the margin, so as to 
admit of its being moved down the page 
to follow the writing of the pupil, thus 
while obscuring from view his writing, the 
copy is constantly kept in close pioximity 
to the pen during practice. This is apply- 
ing in a convenient and practical manner, a 
most excellent plan which we have long ad- 
vocated and practiced in teaching classes. 
The copies are well engraved and the sys- 
tem is well arranged, and bids fair to 
become very popular. See advertisement 
in another column. 

An Autograph Column. 
We iesire to publish the autographs of 
as many prominent professional penmen 
as we can procure — and in order to lighten 
the expeuse of doing so, we propose to those 
who have good cuts to forward, by mail, 
duplicates to be used for that purpose. 
For those who have no cuts we will, OH re- 
ceipt of autograph, have the same engrav- 
ed in the best manner possible and insert 
the same in the Journal, and forward to 
them the original cut and duplicate on 
their paying the sum of SI. 50. The cuts 
furnished, to be accepted, must not 
exceed 2J inches in length, or the width of 
one column in space in the Journal. 

Our Rates for Advertising. 
It will be observed by reference to our 
terms for advertising that the rates have 
been advanced from ten to fifteen cents 
per line of eight words for a single iuser- 
tinn, and proportionately for a longer pe- 
riod. Considering the present large circu- 
lation of the Journal the advanced rates 
are very low. No advertisement will be in- 
serted for less than forty-five cents payable 

In Mr. Shattuck'e article in the 
February number of the Journal, 
two errors in dates inadvertently crept in. 
The date of the publication of Materot and 
Velde's works should be 1604-5 instend of 
1704-5— and the date of Peter Boles* 
death should have been 1610 instead of 

Penmen, and Others 
Throughout the country, are requested to 
forward for insertion in the Journal, items 
and thoughts of interest and value to its 
readers, and the profession. 

We invite attention to the advertisement 
of Messrs. Potter, Ainsworth & Co., in 
another column, who are the publishers of 
the Payson, Dunton & Scribner national 
series of copy books, which is one of the 
most popular and excellent systems of 

by a primary understanding of the prin- 
ciples of political economy, the sooner it 
is known and acted upon the better. The 
completion of the "New Bryant & Strat- 
tou Universal Book-keeping" is therefore a 
worthy subject of prayer. 

White's Progressive Art Studies, 
Published by Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor 
& Co., New York, constitutes a most in- 
teresting and complete course of system- 
atic drawing lessons, aud is peculiarly 
adapted to use in schools, or for home 
practice without the aid of a teacher. The 
conrse is most skillfully arranged and 
graded, beginning with the most simple 
exercises in the primary series in which 
the beginner is aided by means of 
dotted lines. This is followed by the Ele- 
mentary series in four parts, which is suc- 
ceeded by the Landscape, Ornamental, 
and Instrumeu'al series, each in three 
parts. Each series is accompanied by a 
handbook or key giving full instruction, 
which, with the explanations given at the 
head of each page of exercises is sufficient 
to enable any pupil to pass through the 
whole series quite successfully withoul the 
aid of a teacher. The course is admirable 
in its conception, and cannot fail to win 
favor wherever it is introduced. 

The chief properties of wisdom are to be 
mindfnl of things past, careful of things 
present, and provident of things to come. 

Special Attention 
Is invited to the prospectus of the Journal 
for volume II, which begins with the 
next or April number. Now is the time to 
subscribe and begin with No. 1 of volume 
II. Back numbers 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. JO and 11. 
can be furnished for 60 cents extra, or the 
subscription can date from any of the back 
numbers desired, and expire with the cor- 
responding numbers of volume II 

Penman's Convention. 

Shall we have a penman's convention. 
Read Prof. Spragne's communication, in 
another column with editorial comments, 
and favor us with vour opinion. 

Illustrations for our next Journal. 

A specimen letter from Prof. Henry C. 
Spencer, of Washington, D. C, Business 
College. A splendid specimen of offhand 
flourishing fiom Jackson Cagle, Atlanta, 
Ga. And an excellent alphabet, large and 
small letters, for general marking purposes. 
The illustrations in that one number will 
be worth the price of a year's subscription 
to any admirer of fine penmanship. 

Read our Premium List. 
The premiums which we offer are alone 
worth all the money we ask for from a sub- 
scriber for the Journal, while, to every 
person interested in, or who is an admirer 
of fine penmanship, the Journal will re- 
pay many times the price of its subscription I 

writing published. We learn that the 
already enormous demands for these books 
are rapidly increasing. Send for catalogue 
of their publications. 

Spencerian Revised. 
It will bo seen by an advertisement on 
the last page of tl« Joufnal that the 
Spencerian copy books published by Ivi> 
son, Blakeman, Taylor & Co., have been 
revised and rearranged. The books are 
most beautifully engraved and systematic- 
ally nrranged, and are excellent in every 

Penmen's Supplies. 
We invite attention to our list of supplies, 
published in another columu. We are 
prepared to furn'sh promptly, and at rea- 
sonable cost, all articles needed by pen- 
men. By ordering from us they will be 
sure of receiving articles of good quality, 
and especially India ink, of which much 
that is solid is utterly worthless. 

The Illustration 
Upon this page, representing St. George 
slaying the Dragon, is copied in fac-'.imile 
from an English publication punted in 

The New Euplaud Card Company, 
Woonsocket, R. I., whose advertisement 
will be found in another column, sends us 
an extensive variety of lithographic cards, 
many of which are very handsome. Send 
to them for circular and specimens. 


ber of the JcfDBXAXta 

B. D. P., Rockland, Mass. M. 15. Worth- 

ington's address, the last we heard from him, 
was at Evaoaton, Ind. We have never seen 
,. ■ i i in p par, notwithstanding we 
have mailed several copies of (he Joobkal, 
requcBting an exchange. 

A- 8. P., Perm, III. Your idea of in- 
■trootiog pnplll while practicing writing, lo 
imagine that the nonce between the ruled 
papal is divided into fonr equal 
gnaoet, three of which are to be occupied 
with the writing, is a good one but not new. 
We have adopted that method for ninny 
yearn, nnd would earnestly oommend it to 
tub not writing and all otlierH while prac- 
ticing writing. 

A. 8. Otborne, Grans Lake, Mich. You 
write tmmciently well to enable you to teach 
writing, provided yon thoroughly understand 
the analysis of writing and the proper meth- 
ods of illustrating and leaching the same. 
Wo have known many eminently successful 
tenebors of writing who could not write as 
well as you do- 

A. 8. Beardsley, Palem. Ohio, sends a speci- 
men of flourishing and s>-*eral good caid 
specimens. His flourishing lacks in variety 
and graceful combinations: it is too monot- 

Jaa. Foeller, Jr., Ashland, Pa.. Bends two 
very skillfully executed specimens of flour- 
ishing and writing, one of which may appear 
in some future number of the Jocrnal. 

J. R. Farrell, Brooklyn, sends an original 
design for an autograph album. The letter- 
ing is well done; the fluirishingor scrolling 
aLows lack of grace and variety that comes 
from extensive practice. 

G. W. Chambers, Pleasant Unity, Pa., in- 
closes, in a remarkably graceful and accu- 
rately written lelter. several handsomely flou- 
rished card designs. He evidently wields a 

Jackson Cagle, of Moore's Business Col- 
lege, Atlanta, Ga., forwards an elaborateaud 
attractive specimen of flourishing and letter- 
ing, which will appear in the r.ext number 

of till.' JutFBNAX*. 

B. F. Robinson, Clarksburg. West Va., 
who signs his name as an amateur penman, 
forwards two very free and graceful off-hand 
flourishes— a bird and swan. They indicate 
the right kind of skill. 

H. J. Cross, Naperville. 111., sends a series 
of skillfully arranged copy slips -vlnch are 
finely engraved and well adapted for use in 
instructing pupils in writing. Also a copy 
of an elaborate and highly artistic family- 
record of which be is the author ; size of the 
original 24x28 inches. 

Herbert S. Packard, who is one of our 
moat skillful artists iu ink, has permanently 
located at 61 Hanover street. Boston. If bis 
success is in keeping with t i* skill and splen- 
did social qualities, it will be abundant. 

W. E. Dennis, of Chester, N. H., and 
recently of Boston. Mass., has accepted a 
position as Teacher of Penmanship in 
Wright's Business College, Brooklyn, E. D. 
Mr. Dennis is one of our most promising 
young penmen. For one of his age, he has 
"few equals. The illustration below is from 
his pen, and loaned for use in the Jocbsai 
by Prof. G. A. Gaskill, Manchester, N. H. 

Walter L. Garthwaite, who is teaching 
writing in several private schools in Eliz- 
abeth, N. J., recently exhibited a specimen 
of improvement made by one of his pupils 
which was very commendable. Mr. Gaxth- 
waite is not only a promising young penman 
but a young man possessed of many excel- 
lent qualities and enviable attainments. In 
music he doth excel. 

Practical Lessons in Writing. 

Id lesson No. 4 we give the analysis of 
all the capital letters continuing the capi- 
tal stem or principle No. 7. We have ar- 
ranged tbem in groups, in order that we 
might present in close proximity to each 
other those letters which are most similar 
in their analysis and construction, which 
method v?e earnestly commend to teachers 
of writiog. 

is the same. Cap begins 2 spaces above base 
and terminates 2 spaces, to right of stem. 
Conntl. 2,3, 4. 1. 

F combines Prins. 7, 3, 3, 
2, 3, 2. F is simply T with 
Boa] curve continned \ space 
stem, nnd united ut mid-bight of 
letter with slight left curve descending t 
space. Count 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 1. 

H combines Prins. 2, 7,3, 
3,2. Hight, 3 spaces. Hight 
of leftside, 2) spaces. Oval 
Mime size and form as in A, JV, and M, 
and divided a little below its middle by 
right curve. Distance between parts at top 
, 2 spaces ; at base, 1 \ spaces. Crosa 
i A. Count 1, 2, 3, 4, 1. 

^combines Prins. 2, 7,3, 
:, 2, 3, 2. Full hight, 3 
The left half, and 
also distance between parts at top line and 
base, same as in H. Small loop at right 
angles to main slant, and nt mid bight of 
letter. Count 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 1. 

s^V Hight, 3 spaces. Loop croES- 
&/ ing at halt-bight. Width of 

loop, J space. Capital stem more erect 
• * - than in A, 2T, and 

M, and its oval di- 
vided below middle 
by right curve. 
Count 1,2, 1. 

. Prins. 2, 

7, 3, 2. Formed lit 
S to point where 
stem recrosses right 
curve. Small loop 
passes i space to 
left of first curve, is 
1 space long and J 
space wide. Finish 
like M. Count 1, 

3, 2, 7. Full hight, 
3 spaces. Hight of 
nngle to right of 
loop, 1 i spaces. 
Hight of loop cross- 
ing, 1 apace 
Width of loop, i 
space, full. Count 


0, O Rainess, Albert Lee, Minn., writes a 
fatter rarely excelled in business grace and 

T. R. Southern, penman at Heald's Busi- 
ness College, Ban Francisco, Cal. writes a 
graceful letter. 

L. Madnrasz. Brockport, N. Y., sends a 
letter and card apecimens done up in his 

usuui exoellenl style. 

W. L. Dean, Kiugstou, sends an attractive 
specimen of off-hand flourishing, represent- 
ing two birds with a variety of scrolling. 

F. T. Preuitt forwards from Schuylerville, 
Neb., several well written copy slips and 
cards. He reports good success in teaching. 

Jo* M. Vincent, Los Angeles, Cal., writes 

handsome letter iu which he incloses sev- 
eral elegant specimens of fancy flourished 

J. M. Crawford, Bryan, Ohi. 

incloses a 

L. D. Smith, teacher of writing in the 
public schools of Hartford, Conn., forwards 

eleven different pupils under hi: 

W. L. Dennis, Chester. N. H., sends us 
very graceful specimens of flourishing and 

J. C. Wbitlow reports that he is having 
good success teaching writing at Jamesport, 
Mo., and vicinity. 

J. 0. M , Evansville, Ind. — Your sugges- 
tion of publishing the autographs of our 
leading penmen is a gond one, and one that 
I shall take measures to carry into execn- 

A combines Prins. 7, 3. 3, 2. 
Hight, 3 spaces. For propor- 
\yr'' tions of capital stem, see des- 
cription of 7th Principle. Distance between 
main parts of letter at base, 1$ spaces. 
The cross begins 1J spaces above base, 
passes to middle of opening, at head-line, 
and crosses left curve J space above base. 
Count 1, 2, 3, 1. 

— -7- If combines Prins. 7, 3, 3. 

■?--/j^' Full hight, 3 spaces. Hight 

. ^J* of final curve, 2 spaces, Form- 

ed like A to point where long left curve 
touches base line. Count 1, 2, 3, 1. 

I jy ■ ill" combioes Prins. 7. 3,3, 

r — "„.' 8 ' 2 ' E'S' 1 ' 1 3 s P ace '- Form 
^ -*"( ' like N to its second point of 
contact with base line. "Width at top, also 
ond and third turns at base, 1 
ntl, 2, 3,4,5,1. 

T combines Prins. 7, 3, 2, 
3,2. Hight. 3 spaces. Stem 
in 7*and 7^ is J space shorter 
at top thuu in A, N. and M, but its oval 

, Prins. 7, 
3, 2. Full hight, 3 
int of be- 
ginning, 2$ spaces 
above base. Termi- 
ni point at half 
-hight of letter. 
Width at mid-bight, 1J spaces. Between 
stem and curve to its right at top, j space. 
Count 1, 2, 1. 

B combines Prins. 7, 3, 2, 2, 3. 

Formed like P to point where 


loop is at right-angles to main slant. Dis- 
tance between stem nnd curves to its right 
near top and base, each J space. Count 
1. 2, 3. 4, 1. 

I s" V 1 R combines Prins. 7, 3, 2, 2, 
\/-/% 3 - 2 - Fu " u 'ght, 3 spaces. 
' Si/ Formed like B to completion of 
small loop, whence it is finished like K. 
Between parts at base, 1J spaces. Count 

1. 2, 3. 4, 1. 

/combines Prins. 6, 8. Hight, 
3 spaces. Hight of base oval, 
spaces. Width of top, 1 


i left 

l i 

Count 1, 2, 1. 
/combines Prins. 0,3, 2. El- 
tends 3 spaces above, and 2 be- 
low base line. Width of upper 
loop, 1 space ; of lower loop, $ 
Loop crossings, J space above 
u«or. Final line terminates 1 space above 
base line and 1 space to right of larger loop. 
Count 1, 2, 1. 


Specimen Copies. 

We have printed a large number of ex- 
ra copies of the preseDt number of the 
Journal, to be UBed as specimen copies. 
To person» who are endeavoring to secure 
clubs, or have acquaintances wbo would 
probably be interested, we will mail extra 
copies on application. 

The Journal as a Premium. 
We will mail the Journal tree for one 
year to any person Bending us the names oi 
three subscribers and S3, aud also send 
the Williams' specimen as a ppecial pre- 
mium to all. 

Exchange Notices. 

The National Fireman's Journal, publish- 
ed weekly at No 16 Dey street, New York, 
is a sixteen page quarto got up in line style 
mid tilled with mutters of interest to fire- 
men aud fire departments. 

The Earning at Home, devoted to mental, 
moral and physical culture, published 
monthly at Orville, Ohio, is an eight-page 
paper, well printed and contains much in- 
terostiii^ ridding mutter. 

Tlie Echo, an amateur monthly published 
by Fred. M. Cornell, of Brooklyn, is one 
of the finest amateur sheets we have re- 

Browne's Phonographic Monthly, pub- 
lished at 737 Broadway, New York, comes 
to us with a highly artistic and emblem 
utic title page. It is otherwise in style, 
and must prove valuable to all interested 
iu phonography. 

Every penman and admirer of fine 
penmanship wants the Journal. If you 
know of any such who does not take it, 
tell them about it or send us their names 
and address, that we may mail them speci- 
men copies. 

Can Any One Advise Him? 
If yon want to know how many excuse; 
au Oiegiiniau can mane, ask him to pa- 
tronize your writing class. If you want to 
see a rich man make himself poor, by tell- 
ing you how much he owes, what bad hick 
he has had, and how hard it is for him to 
make a living, ask him for patronage, or 
to subscribe for the Journal. If you want 
to get yourself into hot water, enter a vil- 
lage of retrograding people, and endeavor 
to organize a writing class. If some render 
ol the Journal will suggest some good 
method of dealing with such excuses, I 
shall feel greatly indebted to the same. 
Very truly, 

J. W. Thomas, 

Mnlolln, Orpgon. 

rVfo to iTti«mi»tfl l & ) 


■ ;i ikt ijjcL .>: :.<), and rw.iK- thriu by return 





'.I, .'l.-l... I «'n 

I |>f-iini:iiiHlir]i thru is really WOttfli 

trandon (Hiss) Rtpubtican. 



W J 

a old Baraollaliea Commercial CoHeve. 

pri.pnetor haviug r 




the vi:u . 

f/.35; Gilt Ed«6, B.'s( 
Special low price bj 





Common School Edition [in press i will tie 
Elementarv Edition, Double Entry; principles 

Countine-House I 



Sttmpson's U. S. Treasury Gold Pens. 


:. 25 black ( 





i., „ 

.1 bj nit,.. 

■ 1.. 


i /,,f/,., 

l'i;zz, u 

"nil"";; 1 "' 

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Boj Prnun 

™ *"""'"'• T 


31. A.I>«JXJ]VE ! 

Flexible Stoke Cloth 


Silicate Black Diamond ! 

N. Y. Silicate Book Slate Co.. 

191 FDLTON ST.. cor. Cuuren St.. N. Y. 


ring from us, patrons can rely not only 

Compendium of O rnarueural Penmanship, 
Copy-SHpK fur instruction uml 1 rue t ice in 

ciirds, birds uud scrolls, IB dinereut do- 
h, iiiv ]nii'Ul.ii. ].l-i- [iiiL-li oi J5 eurdw, JOc. ; 

: superior, per Piccy, 

[iviug lull dOBOriutu 


BriUiant. permanent, and low-priced. Samples and 

290 Pearl Street, New York. 



■ priT. 

i<i. ile uud college*. The er, 

en. Send SI for sample set and agent's circul 
Address, D. 1>. 1HU5SELIHAN. 

13t Gem City Business CoUege, Qulncy, ] 

What Everybody Wants. 



i„.ly a .■ ... T "U-art 

any anelc, price j5. :i.- A. mov;,W,, blu.le willi 
;u,i ut'u.L.d by which It Is at set 

y rb.'nired iili- ■ , price ST.. MiH»l .. tin .-.l uml 


.U.umlh/n lul,. ei-Secret.iry of State. Waahlug- 
■your peupict 

How. Tltoma* G. BramUtU. < 



New, Revised and Corrected Edition ! 



With Extra Heavy Covers, the Paper being made Especially tor these Books. 

•„• Tbe Bpeneorlui Oopy-Booka ib»ni 

JD&sx.gSS*! <• < J >- 

Every Variety of Pen Work Promptly Executed in the Most Perfect Manner. 
Also, Counsel given as Expert on Hand- Writing and Accounts. 




W-, N/,//,- Cirpets, Velvet Ruga, Crumb Ctotha 
y cheap at the Old Place 

1 ' ■•--■ a ■■■"■■/■'•' <■'"-■ yna 1'uice. 


Carpets earrfullj packed End Gent 1 o W i£t5.1. I s,= " * U K ' L ' 

KND for p Rr -K7r^r o . ftht ' un,t6d rr f B^rr 

iRa in ITSELF - 

' ■ ■> -i» I it,i. i„ 
... u.-.i thu mij I* dU*hii. ■ 

. it II. |..l;:i I- . , !l| .i .. 



138 and 140 Grand St., New York. 

' r 


I n Series of 


Forged, Disguised & Anonymous Writing ' A^SS^StHifK^J ";;.; 

'.i:<.l[i,K si 1M1 :.,',>,/ 

I! 1 

s Briidw.j, Ne» Yoii. loiK,°wSlTh2J N.' 

or ..very Ptinun Teacher No 
rod for trial, Address E 

. / 


'**£ * 



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